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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133087/preparation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-biocomposite-based-on-duck-feet-gelatin-as-alternative-to-bovine-gelatin
#1
Ahmadreza Abedinia, Fazilah Ariffin, Nurul Huda, Abdorreza Mohammadi Nafchi
Edible duck feet gelatin (DFG)-based biocomposites with different glycerol (GLY) contents (15%, 25%, and 35% of dried DFG) were prepared. Physicochemical, mechanical, barrier, and heat seal properties of DFG films were characterized and compared as an alternative to bovine gelatin film. Increasing glycerol from 15 to 35% decreased the TS and YM and EB and HS increased, in value of 42.54 to 7.27 and 1240 to 157.10MPa and 22.82 to 50.33% and 42.06 to 347.15N/m respectively. The water vapor permeability (WVP) and oxygen permeability (OP) of films were increased from 4...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111587/multifractal-approaches-of-the-ring-tensile-rupture-patterns-of-dried-laver-porphyra-as-affected-by-the-relative-humidity
#2
Hwabin Jung, Won Byong Yoon
The effect of water activity (aw ) or the relative humidity (RH) on the tensile rupture properties of dried laver (DL) associated with structures formed with phycocolloids was investigated. The morphological characteristics of tensile ruptured DL samples at various relative humidities were evaluated by multifractal analysis. The RH of the microclimate was controlled from 10% to 90% at 25 °C using supersaturated salt solutions. The sorption isotherm of DL was experimentally obtained and quantitatively analyzed using mathematical models...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081854/toxic-shock-in-children-with-bone-and-joint-infections-a-review-of-seven-years-of-patients-admitted-to-one-intensive-care-unit
#3
D L Kerr, E K Loraas, A C Links, T V Brogan, G A Schmale
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of severe systemic, multi-organ involvement and toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in patients with Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Group A β-haemolytic Streptococcus pyogenes (GABS) bone and joint infections. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated for septic arthritis or osteomyelitis at one children's hospital between 2002 and 2009. The rates of intensive care unit (ICU) admission for methicillin-sensitive SA (MSSA), methicillin-resistant SA (MRSA) and GABS infections were compared, as were the lengths of stay, number of surgeries, operative procedures and cases of TSS...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069851/discrepancies-on-the-association-between-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-and-subsequent-dementia-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#4
Jae Heon Kim, Bora Lee, Deok Hyun Han, Kyoung Jin Chung, In Gab Jeong, Benjamin I Chung
Limited literature exists on the association between androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) and subsequent dementia and the study conclusions are in conflicts with one another. We searched several cohort databases from 1960 to 2017 for observational or prospective studies that reported on an association between ADT for PCa and subsequent dementia. A meta-analysis was performed to cumulatively determine the association between ADT and dementia including Alzheimer's disease using an incidence rate ratio (IRR), crude hazard ratio (HR), and adjusted HR...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067427/association-of-robotic-assisted-vs-laparoscopic-radical-nephrectomy-with-perioperative-outcomes-and-health-care-costs-2003-to-2015
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
In Gab Jeong, Yash S Khandwala, Jae Heon Kim, Deok Hyun Han, Shufeng Li, Ye Wang, Steven L Chang, Benjamin I Chung
Importance: Use of robotic surgery has increased in urological practice over the last decade. However, the use, outcomes, and costs of robotic nephrectomy are unknown. Objectives: To examine the trend in use of robotic-assisted operations for radical nephrectomy in the United States and to compare the perioperative outcomes and costs with laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study used the Premier Healthcare database to evaluate outcomes of patients who had undergone robotic-assisted or laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal mass at 416 US hospitals between January 2003 and September 2015...
October 24, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037807/dicer1-related-sertoli-leydig-cell-tumor-and-gynandroblastoma-clinical-and-genetic-findings-from-the-international-ovarian-and-testicular-stromal-tumor-registry
#6
Kris Ann P Schultz, Anne K Harris, Michael Finch, Louis P Dehner, Jubilee B Brown, David M Gershenson, Robert H Young, Amanda Field, Weiying Yu, Joyce Turner, Nicholas G Cost, Dominik T Schneider, Douglas R Stewart, A Lindsay Frazier, Yoav Messinger, D Ashley Hill
BACKGROUND: Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors (OSCST) include juvenile granulosa cell tumors (JGCT), Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT) and gynandroblastoma (GAB) among others. These ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors as well as other tumors including pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) may be associated with DICER1 mutations. We sought to describe the clinical and genetic findings from the first 107 individuals enrolled in the International Ovarian and Testicular Stromal Tumor Registry. METHODS: Medical and family history were obtained for individuals consecutively enrolled in the International Ovarian and Testicular Stromal Tumor Registry...
October 13, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964932/predictors-of-female-genital-organ-involvement-in-radical-cystectomy-for-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-112-female-patients
#7
Se Young Choi, Sangjun Yoo, Jae Hyeon Han, In Gab Jeong, Bumsik Hong, Jun Hyuk Hong, Hanjong Ahn, Choung-Soo Kim, Dalsan You
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate predictors of organ involvement and oncological outcomes after radical cystectomy with anterior exenteration in female patients. METHODS: Among 1198 patients who underwent radical cystectomy for the bladder tumor between 1990 and 2015, 178 (14.9%) patients were female. They were divided into two groups according to pelvic involvement in pathology. Their medical records and pathology and image findings were reviewed retrospectively. Non-urothelial cell carcinoma and no genital organ pathology were excluded...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946611/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-at-home-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-three-to-five-year-old-children
#8
Eunkye Kang, Soo Young Kim, Seong Sil Chang, Sinye Lim, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Chul-Gab Lee, Yu-Mi Kim, Su Young Kim, Kee-Jae Lee, Suejin Kim, Mina Ha
Exposure to harmful environmental factors is particularly detrimental to younger children. We investigated the relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in pre-schoolers at home and the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a predictive factor for cardiovascular disease. This study was conducted in 2014 and was based on the data of preschool children from the Korean Environmental Health Survey in Children and Adolescents (2012 to 2014), a nationally representative sample...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932091/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-fixed-time-split-dosing-and-split-dosing-of-oral-picosulfate-regimen-for-bowel-preparation
#9
Jae Hyuck Jun, Koon Hee Han, Jong Kyu Park, Hyun Il Seo, Young Don Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Baek Gyu Jun, Min Sik Hwang, Yoon Kyoo Park, Myeong Jong Kim, Gab Jin Cheon
AIM: To compare the efficacy of fixed-time split dose and split dose of an oral sodium picosulfate for bowel preparation. METHODS: This is study was prospective, randomized controlled study performed at a single Institution (2013-058). A total of 204 subjects were assigned to receive one of two sodium picosulfate regimens (i.e., fixed-time split or split) prior to colonoscopy. Main outcome measurements were bowel preparation quality and subject tolerability. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between the fixed-time split dose regimen group and the split dose regimen group (Ottawa score mean 2...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901666/clinicopathological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-pediatric-meningiomas
#10
Sudha Battu, Anupam Kumar, Pankaj Pathak, Suvendu Purkait, Linchi Dhawan, Mehar C Sharma, Ashish Suri, Manmohan Singh, Chitra Sarkar, Vaishali Suri
Molecular and clinical characteristics of pediatric meningiomas are poorly defined. Therefore, we analyzed clinical, morphological and molecular profiles of pediatric meningiomas. Forty pediatric meningiomas from January 2002 to June 2015 were studied. 1p36, 14q32 and 22q-deletion were assessed by fluorescent in situ hybridization and mutations of most relevant exons of AKT, SMO, KLF4, TRAF and pTERT using sequencing. Expression of GAB1, stathmin, progesterone receptor (PR), p53 along with MIB-1 LI was examined using immunohistochemistry...
September 13, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889920/the-incidence-of-unsuccessful-partial-nephrectomy-within-the-united-states-a-nationwide-population-based-analysis-from-2003-to-2015
#11
Yash S Khandwala, In Gab Jeong, Jae Heon Kim, Deok Hyun Han, Shufeng Li, Ye Wang, Steven L Chang, Benjamin I Chung
PURPOSE: Partial nephrectomy (PN) remains underutilized within the United States and few reports have attempted to explain this trend. The aim of this study is to evaluate the nationwide incidence of unsuccessful PN and factors that predict its occurrence. METHODS: Using the Premier Healthcare Database, we retrospectively analyzed a weighted sample of 66,432 patients undergoing curative surgery for renal mass between 2003 and 2015. PN intent was denoted by presence of insurance claims for the administration of mannitol...
September 7, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873728/development-and-characterization-of-a-new-encapsulating-agent-from-orange-juice-by-products
#12
Kyriakos Kaderides, Athanasia M Goula
The replacement of maltodextrins as carriers for the spray drying of sticky and sugar based bioactives is an important development for the food industry. In this work, orange juice industry by-product was used to obtain a high dietary fiber powder to be used as carrier material. This powder was characterized with respect to its physical and chemical properties related to the process of encapsulation by spray drying. Adsorption isotherms of orange waste powder were determined at 30, 45, and 60°C. The data were fitted to several models including two-parameter (BET, Halsey, Smith, and Oswin), three-parameter (GAB), and four-parameter (Peleg) relationships...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852937/surgeon-preference-of-surgical-approach-for-partial-nephrectomy-in-patients-with-baseline-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-analysis-in-the-usa
#13
Yash S Khandwala, In Gab Jeong, Deok Hyun Han, Jae Heon Kim, Shufeng Li, Ye Wang, Steven L Chang, Benjamin I Chung
PURPOSE: To examine trends in utilization of open, laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgical approaches for treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN) within the USA. METHODS: We analyzed a weighted sample of 112,117 patients from the Premier administrative dataset who underwent PN for renal mass between 2003 and 2015. Proportions of surgical approach utilization were evaluated by CKD status and further stratified by surgery year and surgeon volume...
November 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851870/sde5-a-putative-rna-export-protein-participates-in-plant-innate-immunity-through-a-flagellin-dependent-signaling-pathway-in-arabidopsis
#14
Mohammad Nazim Uddin, Salina Akhter, Rupak Chakraborty, Ji Hyeong Baek, Joon-Yung Cha, Su Jung Park, Hunseung Kang, Woe-Yeon Kim, Sang Yeol Lee, David Mackey, Min Gab Kim
In eukaryotes, RNA silencing, mediated by small interfering RNAs, is an evolutionarily widespread and versatile silencing mechanism that plays an important role in various biological processes. Increasing evidences suggest that various components of RNA silencing pathway are involved in plant defense machinery against microbial pathogens in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we show genetic and molecular evidence that Arabidopsis SDE5 is required to generate an effective resistance against the biotrophic bacteria Pseudomonas syringae pv...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845774/a-validated-reverse-phase-hplc-method-for-quantitative-determination-of-ganoderic-acids-a-and-b-in-cultivated-strains-of-ganoderma-spp-agaricomycetes-indigenous-to-india
#15
M Ramakrishna, D Rajesh Babu, S S Veena, Meera Pandey, Nageswara Rao
Twenty isolates of Ganoderma spp. indigenous to India were used in this study. A reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used to quantify 2 of the most bioactive triterpenes, ganoderic acid A (GAA) and ganoderic acid B (GAB), among the cultivated Ganoderma spp. The HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent 1260 Infinity HPLC system with a Zorbax C18 column, using gradient elution of acetonitrile and 0.1% acetic acid. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, with a flow rate of 0...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844122/clinical-significance-of-radiation-induced-liver-disease-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Baek Gyu Jun, Young Don Kim, Gab Jin Cheon, Eun Seog Kim, Eunjin Jwa, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Boo Sung Kim, Soung Won Jeong, Jae Young Jang, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate parameters that predict radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) following stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to identify the clinical significance of RILD. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 117 HCC patients who were treated by SBRT from March 2011 to February 2015. RILD was defined as elevated liver transaminases more than five times the upper normal limit or a worsening of Child-Pugh (CP) score by 2 within 3 months after SBRT...
August 28, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830644/ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-non-palpable-and-suspicious-axillary-lymph-nodes-with-subsequent-removal-after-tattooing-false-negative-results-and-concordance-with-sentinel-lymph-nodes
#17
Won Hwa Kim, Hye Jung Kim, Jin Hyang Jung, Ho Yong Park, Jeeyeon Lee, Wan Wook Kim, Ji Young Park, Hyejin Cheon, So Mi Lee, Seung Hyun Cho, Kyung Min Shin, Gab Chul Kim
Ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-guided FNA) for axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) is currently used with various techniques for the initial staging of breast cancer and tagging of ALNs. With the implementation of the tattooing of biopsied ALNs, the rate of false-negative results of US-guided FNA for non-palpable and suspicious ALNs and concordance with sentinel lymph nodes were determined by node-to node analyses. A total of 61 patients with breast cancer had negative results for metastasis on US-guided FNA of their non-palpable and suspicious ALNs...
August 19, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821046/water-sorption-in-microfibrillated-cellulose-mfc-the-effect-of-temperature-and-pretreatment
#18
Çağlar Meriçer, Matteo Minelli, Marco Giacinti Baschetti, Tom Lindström
Water sorption behavior of two different microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) films, produced by delamination of cellulose pulp after different pretreatment methods, is examined at various temperatures (16-65°C) and up to 70% RH. The effect of drying temperature of MFC films on the water uptake is also investigated. The obtained solubility isotherms showed the typical downward curvature at moderate RH, while no upturn is observed at higher RH; the uptakes are in line with characteristic values for cellulose fibers...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818535/use-of-the-ileum-for-ureteral-stricture-and-obstruction-in-bilateral-unilateral-and-single-kidney-cases
#19
Aram Kim, Wook Nam, Sang Hoon Song, In Gab Jeong, Bumsik Hong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the functional outcomes of ileal ureter replacement for complex ureteral loss, including bilateral and single ureter stricture, as a result of various etiologies. METHODS: In 2013-2016, 31 patients underwent ileal ureter replacement surgery. The data for their assessments included etiology, combined surgical procedures, ureteral replacement type, postoperative complications, and changes in renal function. RESULTS: The 31 study patients had a median age of 56...
August 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769977/predisposing-factors-of-ischemic-colitis-data-from-14-years-of-experience-in-a-single-center
#20
Hyun Il Seo, Kyoo-Ho Choi, Koon Hee Han, Sang Jin Lee, Jong Kyu Park, Young Don Kim, Gab Jin Cheon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While several case reports on ischemic colitis (IC) suggest the presence of predisposing causative factors, a few studies have investigated the predisposing factors in IC. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of patients with IC, particularly focusing on the predisposing factors. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective analysis of 159 patients with IC. Clinical characteristics, laboratory data, endoscopic findings, and medical records were reviewed...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
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