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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535332/interventions-for-treating-anxiety-after-stroke
#1
REVIEW
Peter Knapp, C Alexia Campbell Burton, John Holmes, Jenni Murray, David Gillespie, C Elizabeth Lightbody, Caroline L Watkins, Ho-Yan Y Chun, Sharon R Lewis
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of stroke patients experience clinically significant levels of anxiety at some point after stroke. Physicians can treat these patients with antidepressants or other anxiety-reducing drugs, or both, or they can provide psychological therapy. This review looks at available evidence for these interventions. This is an update of the review first published in October 2011. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of pharmaceutical, psychological, complementary, or alternative therapeutic interventions in treating stroke patients with anxiety disorders or symptoms...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#2
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527682/analyzing-the-experiences-of-adolescent-control-rats-effects-of-the-absence-of-physical-or-social-stimulation-on-anxiety-like-behaviour-are-dependent-on-the-test
#3
Namrata Joshi, Ronald A Leslie, Tara S Perrot
The present study was designed to systematically assess the control experience routinely used in our laboratory as part of studies on predator odour stress. Specifically, we examined effects of the physical and social components of this control experience on measures of anxiety-like behaviour in adolescent rats. Adolescent animals are at increased susceptibility to environmental perturbations and have been used for such studies much less often. Male and female Long-Evans rats were subjected to physical stimulation (Exposed or Unexposed) and social stimulation (Single Housed or Pair Housed), resulting in four groups...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#4
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525781/sleep-waves-and-recovery-from-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-towards-a-rhythm-analysis-of-sleep-in-residential-treatment
#5
Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Joanne Neale
This paper reports on a study of sleep amongst men and women who are living in residential rehabilitation centres in the UK and who are receiving support for their recovery from addiction to alcohol and other forms of substance use. Conceptually and methodologically, the paper draws on the work of the French sociologist Lefebvre and, in particular, his rhythmanalysis. We argue that this approach offers a useful way of exploring sleep in terms of biological, experiential, temporal, spatial and social rhythms...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525541/safety-behaviors-and-stuttering
#6
Robyn Lowe, Fjola Helgadottir, Ross Menzies, Rob Heard, Sue O'Brian, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
Purpose: Those who are socially anxious may use safety behaviors during feared social interactions to prevent negative outcomes. Safety behaviors are associated with anxiety maintenance and poorer treatment outcomes because they prevent fear extinction. Social anxiety disorder is often comorbid with stuttering. Speech pathologists reported in a recent publication (Helgadottir, Menzies, Onslow, Packman, & O'Brian, 2014a) that they often recommended procedures for clients that could be safety behaviors...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521552/unmet-needs-in-the-depressed-primary-care-elderly-and-their-relation-to-severity-of-depression-results-from-the-agemoode-study
#8
Sophie Alltag, Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Wolfgang Maier, Lisa Miebach, Martin Scherer, Anne Stark, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining the distribution of unmet environmental, physical, social and psychological care needs in a sample of the oldest old primary care patients with different levels of depression severity. Furthermore, the objective of this study was to analyze the association between specific unmet care needs and severity of depression. METHOD: The sample of patients aged 75 years (n = 202) and more was derived from the multicenter prospective cohort study AgeMooDe ('Late-life depression in primary care: Needs, health care utilization and costs')...
May 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516425/a-screening-tool-to-measure-eye-contact-avoidance-in-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#9
Scott S Hall, Kaitlin M Venema
We examined the reliability, validity and factor structure of the Eye Contact Avoidance Scale (ECAS), a new 15-item screening tool designed to measure eye contact avoidance in individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). Internal consistency of the scale was acceptable to excellent and convergent validity with the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2) and the Anxiety, Depression, and Mood Scale (ADAMS) was good. Boys with a comorbid ASD diagnosis obtained significantly higher scores on the ECAS compared to boys without ASD, when controlling for communication ability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515684/selegiline-ameliorates-depression-like-behavior-in-mice-lacking-the-cd157-bst1-gene-a-risk-factor-for-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Satoka Kasai, Toru Yoshihara, Olga Lopatina, Katsuhiko Ishihara, Haruhiro Higashida
Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder, is accompanied by various non-motor symptoms including depression and anxiety, which may precede the onset of motor symptoms. Selegiline is an irreversible monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitor, and is widely used in the treatment of PD and major depression. However, there are few reports about the effects of selegiline on non-motor symptoms in PD. The aim of this study was to explore the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of selegiline, using CD157/BST1 knockout (CD157 KO) mouse, a PD-related genetic model displaying depression and anxiety, compared with other antiparkinsonian drugs and an antidepressant, and was to investigate the effects of selegiline on biochemical parameters in emotion-related brain regions...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513061/disorder-specific-versus-generic-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-disorder-specific-cbt-compared-with-the-disorder-generic-treatment-coping-cat
#11
Rose Oldham-Cooper, Maria Loades
BACKGROUND: Coping Cat (CC), a generic cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, is recommended in the United Kingdom for social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety (SA), and specific phobias (SP), with disorder-specific approaches generally favored in treatment of anxiety disorders in adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare CC with disorder-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions based on anxiety-related treatment outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511324/-social-support-status-and-related-influential-factors-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#12
S Lei, R J Ding, L Wang, K Xia, L J Zhang, D K Yao, D Y Hu
Objectives: To investigate the social support status, related influential factors and the impact on one year outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), our data might be helpful to provide basis for making new treatment strategy aimed at improving social support for patients with ACS. Methods: From January 2013 to June 2014, a total of 778 hospitalized patients with ACS were enrolled in the study. All patients completed enhancing recovery in coronary heart disease patients social support inventory(ESSI), general anxiety disorder scale(GAD-7), patient health questionnaire(PHQ-9), short-form 12 health survey questionnaire(SF-12), sleep questionnaire and demographic questionnaire within 7 days after admission and at 6 months and one year post discharge...
May 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510006/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-treatment-seeking-youth
#13
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Ester Di Giacomo, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
A new severity specifier for bulimia nervosa (BN), based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviours (e.g., laxative misuse, self-induced vomiting, fasting, diuretic misuse, and excessive exercise), has been added to the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing variability and heterogeneity in the severity of the disorder. While existing research provides support for the DSM-5 severity specifier for BN in adult patients, evidence for its validity and clinical utility in youth is currently lacking...
May 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507609/depression-and-alexithymia-on-weight-perception-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes
#14
Maria Cristina de Oliveira Regina, Marcos Antonio Tambascia
BACKGROUND: Obesity's increasing follows decreased perception of weight status in obese persons, mainly female, undergoing age-related changes. OBJECTIVE: To study weight perception and psychological alterations associated to MS and T2DM. METHODS: 200 patients selected from Metabolic Syndrome Outpatient Clinic of University of Campinas. Instruments: Beck Depression and Beck Anxiety Inventories', Toronto Alexithymia Scale-26s, questionnaire and data from reports...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506305/effect-of-chemotherapy-counseling-by-pharmacists-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-outcomes-of-oncology-patients-in-malaysia-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Ummavathy Periasamy, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Lekhraj Rampal, Siti Irma Fadhilah, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare, Rozi Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Cancer is now becoming a leading cause of death. Chemotherapy is an important treatment for cancer patients. These patients also need consultation during their treatment to improve quality of life and decrease psychological disorders. The objectives of the study were to develop, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a chemotherapy counseling module by pharmacists among oncology patients on their quality of life and psychological outcomes in Malaysia. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was carried out among 162 oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy from July 2013 to February 2014 in a government hospital with oncology facilities in Malaysia...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503155/djinni-a-novel-technology-supported-exposure-therapy-paradigm-for-sad-combining-virtual-reality-and-augmented-reality
#16
Maher Ben-Moussa, Marius Rubo, Coralie Debracque, Wolf-Gero Lange
The present paper explores the benefits and the capabilities of various emerging state-of-the-art interactive 3D and Internet of Things technologies and investigates how these technologies can be exploited to develop a more effective technology supported exposure therapy solution for social anxiety disorder. "DJINNI" is a conceptual design of an in vivo augmented reality (AR) exposure therapy mobile support system that exploits several capturing technologies and integrates the patient's state and situation by vision-based, audio-based, and physiology-based analysis as well as by indoor/outdoor localization techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501738/performance-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-interpersonal-support-evaluation-list-isel-in-older-adults-with-complicated-grief
#17
Angela Ghesquiere, Theresa Schwartz, Yuanjia Wang, Christine Mauro, Natalia Skritskaya, M Katherine Shear
BACKGROUND: Complicated Grief (CG) is a recently recognized bereavement-related mental health disorder. Social support is commonly measured with the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL), a 40-item, 4-factor, self-report measure. Though the ISEL has been well-studied, no identified research has examined its psychometric properties or performance in older adults with CG. METHODS: We examined the psychometric properties of the ISEL in adults age ≥60 who enrolled in a psychotherapy treatment study for CG in New York City...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499974/prefrontal-cortical-glutathione-dependent-defense-and-proinflammatory-mediators-in-chronically-isolated-rats-modulation-by-fluoxetine-or-clozapine
#18
Nevena Todorović, Dragana Filipović
Chronic psychosocial stress modulates brain antioxidant systems and causes neuroinflammation that plays a role in the pathophysiology of depression. Although the antidepressant fluoxetine (FLX) represents the first-line treatment for depression and the atypical antipsychotic clozapine (CLZ) is considered as a second-line treatment for psychotic disorders, the downstream mechanisms of action of these treatments, beyond serotonergic or dopaminergic signaling, remain elusive. We examined behavioral changes, glutathione (GSH)-dependent defense and levels of proinflammatory mediators in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adult male Wistar rats exposed to 21days of chronic social isolation (CSIS)...
May 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#19
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495358/animal-to-human-translational-paradigms-relevant-for-approach-avoidance-conflict-decision-making
#20
Namik Kirlic, Jared Young, Robin L Aupperle
Avoidance behavior in clinical anxiety disorders is often a decision made in response to approach-avoidance conflict, resulting in a sacrifice of potential rewards to avoid potential negative affective consequences. Animal research has a long history of relying on paradigms related to approach-avoidance conflict to model anxiety-relevant behavior. This approach includes punishment-based conflict, exploratory, and social interaction tasks. There has been a recent surge of interest in the translation of paradigms from animal to human, in efforts to increase generalization of findings and support the development of more effective mental health treatments...
April 24, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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