keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anthelmintic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901644/clinical-profile-treatment-and-visual-outcome-of-ocular-toxocara-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre
#1
Ekta S Sahu, Bikramjit Pal, Tarun Sharma, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical features, treatment, and visual outcome in ocular toxocariasis. METHODS: A total of 16 cases diagnosed as ocular toxocariasis clinically and/or serologically were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 22.6 years. Cases were categorized into three clinical types with peripheral granuloma (43.7%) as the most common presentation. Of the patients, 10 (62.5%) had positive serum ELISA for T...
November 30, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894908/implication-of-artemisinin-nematocidal-activity-on-experimental-trichinellosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#2
Dina M Abou Rayia, Abeer E Saad, Dalia S Ashour, Radwa M Oreiby
Benzimidazole drugs are used for treatment of trichinellosis, but they have a limited effect against encapsulated larval stages of Trichinella spiralis. Hence, there is a considerable interest in developing new anthelmintic drugs. Our aim is to investigate the possible effect of artemisinin on T. spiralis in in vitro and in vivo studies. T. spiralis worms were isolated from infected mice and transferred to 3 culture media; group I: with no drugs, group II: contained artemisinin and group III: contained mebendazole, then they were subjected to electron microscopic study...
November 25, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894804/human-and-veterinary-pharmaceuticals-in-the-marine-environment-including-fish-farms-in-korea
#3
Hee-Young Kim, In-Seok Lee, Jeong-Eun Oh
The occurrence trends and effects of 30 human and veterinary pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, anthelmintics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and β-blockers, in the marine environment, with a focus on seawater, sediment, cultured fish, and their feed collected from coastal and fish farm areas in the southern sea of Korea, were investigated. The concentrations of total pharmaceuticals in coastal area seawater (mean: 533ng/L) were higher than those in fish farm seawater (mean: 300ng/L), while the opposite trend (coastal area: 136ng/gdrywt<fish farm area; 195ng/gdrywt) was observed for sediment samples...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890720/the-lawa-model-a-sustainable-integrated-opisthorchiasis-control-program-using-the-ecohealth-approach-in-the-lawa-lake-region-of-thailand
#4
Banchob Sripa, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Thinnakorn Sangnikul
Opisthorchiasis caused by the carcinogenic liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is a major foodborne parasitic zoonotic disease in Thailand and neighboring Mekong countries. The infection is associated with several hepatobiliary diseases including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The rates of CCA in regions where the parasite is endemic are unprecedented. Extensive research on various aspects of opisthorchiasis has been conducted in recent decades. However, the current status of O. viverrini infection in the country is approaching 85% prevalence in certain endemic areas even after more than 30years of control programs in Thailand...
November 24, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887694/reprint-of-assessing-the-impact-of-a-joint-human-porcine-intervention-package-for-taenia-solium-control-results-of-a-pilot-study-from-northern-lao-pdr
#5
Anna L Okello, Lian Thomas, Phouth Inthavong, Amanda Ash, Boualam Khamlome, Chattouphone Keokamphet, Kim Newberry, Charles G Gauci, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, Rc Andrew Thompson, Marshall W Lightowlers, John Allen
Following confirmation that a remote village of approximately 300 inhabitants in northern Lao PDR was hyperendemic for the Neglected Tropical Disease Taenia solium, a pilot human-porcine therapeutic control intervention was implemented between October 2013 and November 2014. Mass drug administration with a three day albendazole 400mg protocol was offered to all eligible humans in October 2013 and March 2014. At these times, and again in October 2014, eligible village pigs received the anti-cysticercosis TSOL18 vaccination and an oral dose of oxfendazole anthelmintic at 30mg/kg, both repeated one month later...
November 22, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884444/dynamics-of-parascaris-and-strongylus-spp-parasites-in-untreated-juvenile-horses
#6
J V Fabiani, E T Lyons, M K Nielsen
Parasite control in foals is of utmost importance due to the high susceptibility to parasitic infection and disease in this age group. Foals are commonly co-infected with strongyle and ascarid parasites, which complicate parasite control strategies. The present study retrospectively investigated necropsy records of foals born into a university herd kept without anthelmintic treatment since 1979. The aims were to statistically analyze the relationship between fecal egg counts, worm burdens, foal age, sex, and season with specific focus on Parascaris and Strongylus spp...
October 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882479/albendazole-microcrystal-formulations-based-on-chitosan-and-cellulose-derivatives-physicochemical-characterization-and-in-vitro-parasiticidal-activity-in-trichinella-spiralis-adult-worms
#7
Josefina Priotti, Ana V Codina, Darío Leonardi, María D Vasconi, Lucila I Hinrichsen, María C Lamas
The oral route has notable advantages to administering dosage forms. One of the most important questions to solve is the poor solubility of most drugs which produces low bioavailability and delivery problems, a major challenge for the pharmaceutical industry. Albendazole is a benzimidazole carbamate extensively used in oral chemotherapy against intestinal parasites, due to its extended spectrum activity and low cost. Nevertheless, the main disadvantage is the poor bioavailability due to its very low solubility in water...
November 23, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876936/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anthelmintic-activity-of-seed-extract-of-coriandrum-sativum-compared-to-niclosamid-against-hymenolepis-nana-infection
#8
Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Jamshidian Ghalesefidi, Mehdi Azami, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Mohsen Ghomashlooyan
Phytotherapy can be an alternative for the control of gastrointestinal parasites in human and animals. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is a medicinal plant which grown as a spice crop all over the world. The seeds of this plant have been used to treat parasitic disease, indigestion, diabetes, rheumatism and pain in the joints. This study was carried out to compare the efficacy of Niclosamid and alcoholic seed extract of C. sativum on Hymenolepis nana infection, in vivo and vitro. For in vivo study, Balb/c mice were used, to compare the efficacy of 50 mg/kg body weight (B...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876922/anthelmintic-potential-of-calotropis-procera-azadirachta-indica-and-punica-granatum-against-gastrothylax-indicus
#9
Rama Aggarwal, Kiranjeet Kaur, Mansi Suri, Upma Bagai
Anthelmintic activity of both ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Calotropis procera flowers, Azadirachta indica leaves and Punica granatum fruit peel in comparison with albendazole was evaluated through in vitro studies by the worm motility inhibition assay. Significant anthelmintic effects (p < 0.0005) were observed on live Gastrothylax indicus worm as evident from their mortality at 4 h post exposure to both ethanolic and aqueous extracts. Phytochemical analysis of extracts revealed the presence of phenols, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, flavonoids, steroids and triterpenoids...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875313/direct-involvement-of-the-master-nitrogen-metabolism-regulator-glnr-in-antibiotic-biosynthesis-in-streptomyces
#10
Jun-Mei He, Hong Zhu, Guo-Song Zheng, Pan-Pan Liu, Jin Wang, Guo-Ping Zhao, Guo-Qiang Zhu, Wei-Hong Jiang, Yin-Hua Lu
GlnR, an OmpR-like orphan two-component system response regulator, is a master regulator of nitrogen metabolism in the genus Streptomyces. In this work, evidence that GlnR is also directly involved in the regulation of antibiotic biosynthesis is provided. In the model strain Streptomyces coelicolor M145, an in-frame deletion of glnR resulted in markedly increased actinorhodin (ACT) production but reduced undecylprodigiosin (RED) biosynthesis when exposed to R2YE culture medium. Transcriptional analysis coupled with DNA-binding studies revealed that GlnR represses ACT but activates RED production directly via the pathway-specific activator genes actII-ORF4 and redZ, respectively...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872020/niclosamide-ethanolamine-inhibits-artery-constriction
#11
Shan-Liang Li, Jie Yan, Yan-Qiu Zhang, Chang-Lin Zhen, Ming-Yu Liu, Jing Jin, Jin-Lai Gao, Xiao-Lin Xiao, Xin Shen, Yu Tai, Nan Hu, Xin-Zi Zhang, Zhi-Jie Sun, De-Li Dong
We previously demonstrated that the typical mitochondrial uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) inhibited artery constriction, but CCCP was used only as a pharmacological tool. Niclosamide is an anthelmintic drug approved by FDA. Niclosamide ethanolamine (NEN) is a salt form of niclosamide and has been demonstrated to uncouple mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the vasoactivity of NEN and the potential mechanisms. Isometric tension of rat mesenteric artery and thoracic aorta was recorded by using multi-wire myograph system...
November 18, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871266/antioxidant-antidiarrheal-hypoglycemic-and-thrombolytic-activities-of-organic-and-aqueous-extracts-of-hopea-odorata-leaves-and-in-silico-pass-prediction-of-its-isolated-compounds
#12
Mohammad Shah Hafez Kabir, Mohammed Munawar Hossain, Md Imtiazul Kabir, Shabbir Ahmad, Nishan Chakrabarty, Md Atiar Rahman, Md Mominur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Hopea Odorata, locally known as Telsur (Bangladesh), has some traditional uses as folk medicine. This study aims to investigate the antioxidant, antidiarrheal, hypoglycemic and thrombolytic activities of H. odorata leaf extracts as new therapeutic prospects predicting the activity of some of the isolated compounds of this plant. METHODS: Leaves of Hopea odorata was extracted with pure methanol (MEHO), ethanol (EEHO) and water (AEHO). The extract was tested for antioxidant activity by using reducing power and H2O2 scavenging assay...
November 21, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862109/simple-extraction-method-for-quantification-of-phenothiazine-residues-in-pork-muscle-using-liquid-chromatography-triple-quadrupole-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#13
Dan Zhang, Jin-A Park, Seong-Kwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Cho, Soo-Min Cho, Jae-Han Shim, Jin-Suk Kim, A M Abd El-Aty, Ho-Chul Shin
In this study, an analytical method was developed for quantification of residues of the anthelmintic drug phenothiazine (PTZ) in pork muscle using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Muscles were extracted using 0.2% formic acid and 10 mM ammonium formate in acetonitrile, defatted, and purified using n-hexane. The drug was well separated on a Waters XBridge™ C18 analytical column using a binary solvent system consisting of 0.2% formic acid and 10 mM ammonium formate in ultrapure water (A) and acetonitrile (B)...
November 10, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853717/amiata-donkey-milk-chain-animal-health-evaluation-and-milk-quality
#14
Giuseppe Ragona, Franco Corrias, Martina Benedetti, Maria Paladini, Federica Salari, Lolanda Altomonte, Mina Martini
This study presents an investigation of Amiata donkey health and quality of milk for human consumption. Thirty-one lactating dairy jennies were examined. The following samples were collected: faecal samples from the rectum of animals for parasitological examination; cervical swabs for the detection of bacteria causing reproductive disorders; and blood samples for serological diagnosis of main zoonotic (Brucella spp., Leptospira spp.) and donkey abortion agents (Brucella spp., Leptospira spp., Salmonella abortus equi, Equine viral arterithis virus, Equine herpesvirus type 1)...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852506/cytotoxic-effects-of-avermectin-on-human-hepg2-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro-bioassays
#15
Yang Zhang, Jigang Wu, Wenping Xu, Jufang Gao, Haijing Cao, Mingjun Yang, Bo Wang, Youwu Hao, Liming Tao
Avermectin (AVM) has been widely used in agriculture and animal husbandry based on its broad spectrum of effective anthelmintic activity and specificity targets. However, AVM induction of cytotoxicity in human liver is largely unknown. In this study, we investigate the cytotoxic effects of AVM on HepG2 cells in vitro. The results revealed that AVM inhibited the viability of HepG2 cells and enhanced apoptosis. Established assays of cytotoxicity were performed to characterize the mechanism of AVM toxicity on HepG2 cells...
November 13, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847213/in-vitro-study-of-trematodicidal-action-of-dicranopteris-linearis-burm-f-underw-extracts-against-gastrothylax-crumenifer
#16
Kalpana Devi Rajesh, Vasantha Subramani, Panneerselvam Annamalai, Rajesh Nakulan V, Jeyathilakan Narayanaperumal, Jeeva Solomon
The anthelmintic activity of column fractioned Dicranopteris linearis (Burm.f.) Underw. extracts was used for in vitro incubation study against adult Gastrothylax crumenifer. The qualitative analysis showed ethanol extract performed well to express 12 secondary metabolites studied except anthocyanin. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of terpenoids, phenols, flavonoids and tannins showed predominant amount of terpenoids (97.0±1.15)mg/g and tannins (30.8±0.44)mg tannic acid equivalents/gram. GC-MS analysis of fraction separated under column (Fraction V-79...
November 12, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846249/the-anthelmintic-ingredient-moxidectin-negatively-affects-seed-germination-of-three-temperate-grassland-species
#17
Carsten Eichberg, Manuel Wohde, Kerstin Müller, Anja Rausch, Christina Scherrmann, Theresa Scheuren, Rolf-Alexander Düring, Tobias W Donath
In animal farming, anthelmintics are regularly applied to control gastrointestinal nematodes. There is plenty of evidence that also non-target organisms, such as dung beetles, are negatively affected by residues of anthelmintics in faeces of domestic ungulates. By contrast, knowledge about possible effects on wild plants is scarce. To bridge this gap of knowledge, we tested for effects of the common anthelmintic formulation Cydectin and its active ingredient moxidectin on seed germination. We conducted a feeding experiment with sheep and germination experiments in a climate chamber...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842865/monitoring-the-efficacy-of-drugs-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-controlled-by-preventive-chemotherapy
#18
REVIEW
M Albonico, B Levecke, P T LoVerde, A Montresor, R Prichard, J Vercruysse, J P Webster
In the last decade, pharmaceutical companies, governments and global health organisations under the leadership of the World Health Organization (WHO) have pledged large-scale donations of anthelmintic drugs, including ivermectin (IVM), praziquantel (PZQ), albendazole (ALB) and mebendazole (MEB). This worldwide scale-up in drug donations calls for strong monitoring systems to detect any changes in anthelmintic drug efficacy. This review reports on the outcome of the WHO Global Working Group on Monitoring of Neglected Tropical Diseases Drug Efficacy, which consists of three subgroups: (i) soil-transmitted helminthiases (ALB and MEB); (ii) onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis (IVM); and (iii) schistosomiasis (PZQ)...
December 2015: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836048/a-survey-of-uk-prescribers-experience-of-and-opinions-on-anthelmintic-prescribing-practices-for-livestock-and-equines
#19
Stephanie Easton, Gina L Pinchbeck, David J Bartley, Emily Hotchkiss, Jane E Hodgkinson, Jacqueline B Matthews
The aim of this study was to determine practices, attitudes and experiences of UK prescribers of anthelmintics for horses and livestock. A questionnaire was sent by direct email to groups licenced to prescribe these medicines. These were veterinarians, Suitably Qualified Persons (SQPs, registered with the Animal Medicines Training Regulatory Authority) and veterinary pharmacists. The survey was also advertised through social media. It comprised questions relating to demographics, training experiences, current prescribing practices, as well as personal opinions on anthelmintic selection, diagnostics and anthelmintic resistance...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836045/identification-of-effective-treatment-criteria-for-use-in-targeted-selective-treatment-programs-to-control-haemonchosis-in-periparturient-ewes-in-ontario-canada
#20
T Westers, A Jones-Bitton, P Menzies, J VanLeeuwen, Z Poljak, A S Peregrine
Haemonchosis is often associated with late gestation and parturition in ewes in Canada. Due to widespread concerns about development of anthelmintic resistance (AR), targeted selective treatment (TST), where individual animals are treated with an anthelmintic rather than the entire flock, is a possible strategy to control clinical signs in recently lambed ewes while still maintaining parasite refugia. Performing fecal egg counts (FEC) on individual animals is often cost-prohibitive, so indicators that identify ewes with high FEC are essential for TST programs...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
keyword
keyword
61909
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"