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drug-induced nephrotoxicity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930976/nephro-protective-effect-of-a-novel-formulation-of-unopened-coconut-inflorescence-sap-powder-on-gentamicin-induced-renal-damage-by-modulating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-markers
#1
Svenia P Jose, Asha S, Krishnakumar Im, Ratheesh M, Savitha Santhosh, Sandya S, Girish Kumar B, Pramod C
Fresh oyster white translucent sap obtained from the tender unopened inflorescence of coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) is identified to have great health benefits. Drug induced Nephrotoxicity is one of the major causes of renal damage in present generation. As a therapeutic agent, gentamicin imparts direct toxicity to kidney, resulting in acute tubular necrosis, glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury, haemodynamically mediated damage and obstructive nephropathy.There exists an increasing demand for safe and natural agents for the treatment and/or preventionofchronic nephrotoxicity and pathogenesis of kidney diseases...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913821/theobromine-upregulates-osteogenesis-by-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-and-accelerates-bone-development-in-rats
#2
Bret H Clough, Joni Ylostalo, Elizabeth Browder, Eoin P McNeill, Thomas J Bartosh, H Ralph Rawls, Tetsuo Nakamoto, Carl A Gregory
Theobromine (THB) is one of the major xanthine-like alkaloids found in cacao plant and a variety of other foodstuffs such as tea leaves, guarana and cola nuts. Historically, THB and its derivatives have been utilized to treat cardiac and circulatory disorders, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, proteinuria and as an immune-modulator. Our previous work demonstrated that THB has the capacity to improve the formation of hydroxyl-apatite during tooth development, suggesting that it may also enhance skeletal development...
December 2, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899231/carvedilol-exacerbate-gentamicin-induced-kidney-mitochondrial-alterations-in-adult-rat
#3
Luís Félix, M M Oliveira, Romeu Videira, Elisabete Maciel, Nuno D Alves, Fernando M Nunes, Anabela Alves, José M Almeida, M Rosário M Domingues, Francisco P Peixoto
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic widely used to treat many types of bacterial infections. Although its properties, his clinical use is limited due to the occurrence of nephrotoxicity, which has been related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Carvedilol, an antihypertensive drug with strong antioxidant properties, has been tested in order to prevent gentamicin nephrotoxicity. This study aimed to test this hypothesis using a rat model of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Animals were treated subcutaneously with DMSO (control) (0...
November 26, 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889773/evaluation-of-kim-1-and-ngal-as-early-indicators-for-assessment-of-gentamycin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#4
Qi-Hui Luo, Meng-Lu Chen, Zheng-Li Chen, Chao Huang, An-Chun Cheng, Jing Fang, Li Tang, Yi Geng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aminolycoside Gentamicin is a widely used antibiotic, applied in equine medicine. Despite its clinical use, concerns remain regarding the potential toxic side-effects, such as nephrotoxicity. Early detection of renal damage is critical in preclinical drug development. This study was aimed to determine whether kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) may be early indicators in the assessment of Gentamycin-induced nephrotoxicity...
November 28, 2016: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884046/effect-of-lycopene-and-rosmarinic-acid-on-gentamicin-induced-renal-cortical-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-adult-male-albino-rat
#5
Naglaa A Bayomy, Reda H Elbakary, Marwa A A Ibrahim, Eman Z Abdelaziz
Gentamicin nephrotoxicity accounts for 10-15% of all cases of acute renal failure. Several natural antioxidants were found to be effective against drug-induced toxicity. The possible protective effects of lycopene (Lyc) and rosmarinic acid (RA) alone or combined on gentamicin (Gen) induced renal cortical oxidative stress, apoptosis and autophagy were evaluated. Sixty three rats were randomly divided into seven groups named: control, group II received RA 50 mg/kg/day, group III received Lyc 4 mg/kg/day, group IV received Gen 100 mg/kg/day, group V (RA + Gen), group VI (Lyc + Gen) and group VII (RA + Lyc + Gen)...
November 24, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870266/potential-urinary-biomarkers-of-nephrotoxicity-in-cyclophosphamide-treated-rats-investigated-by-nmr-based-metabolic-profiling
#6
Sa Rang Lim, Sun-Hee Hyun, Seul Gi Lee, Jin-Young Kim, So-Hyun Kim, Sang-Jin Park, Kyoung-Sik Moon, Donggeun Sul, Dong Hyun Kim, Hyung-Kyoon Choi
The anticancer-drug cyclophosphamide (CP) is known to have nephrotoxicity. The aim of this study was to identify urinary biomarkers indicating CP-induced nephrotoxicity. We investigated the urine metabolic profiles using nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry of rats administered with single high-doses of CP (0, 30, and 100 mg/kg body weight) and daily low-doses over a 4-week period (0, 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg body weight). Among 18 identified urinary metabolites, 2-oxoglutarate, citrate, hippurate, formate, valine, and alanine for short-term and 2-oxoglutarate, citrate, hippurate, isoleucine, leucine, allantoin, valine, and lysine for long-term were selected as potential biomarkers...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864296/a-mechanistic-investigation-of-thrombotic-microangiopathy-associated-with-intravenous-abuse-of-opana-er
#7
Ryan Hunt, Ayla Yalamanoglu, James Tumlin, Tal Schiller, Jin Hyen Baek, Andrew Wu, Agnes B Fogo, Haichun Yang, Edward Wong, Peter Miller, Paul W Buehler, Chava Kimchi-Sarfaty
Since 2012, a number of case reports have described the occurrence of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) following intravenous abuse of extended release oxymorphone hydrochloride (Opana ER), an oral opioid for long-term treatment of chronic pain. Here, we present unique clinical features of three patients and investigate intravenous exposure to the tablet's inert ingredients as a possible causal mechanism. Guinea pigs were used as an animal model to understand the hematopathologic and nephrotoxic potential of the inert ingredient mixture (termed here as PEO+) which primarily contains high molecular weight polyethylene oxide (HMW PEO)...
November 18, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860049/pimpinella-anisum-l-ethanolic-extract-ameliorates-the-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#8
Saeed Changizi-Ashtiyani, Amirhassan Seddigh, Houshang Najafi, Nasser Hossaini, Amir Avan, Ahmad Akbary, Mostafa Manian, Reza Nedaeinia
AIM: Gentamicin (GM) is one of the commonest causes of drug-induced nephrotoxicity. Moreover, oxidative stress plays an important role in gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. The current study aimed to explore the anti-oxidant and protective effects of Pimpinella anisum (P. anisum) on the alleviation of GM-induced damage. METHODS: Forty male wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, sham that was administrated normal saline orally and intraperitoneally (i...
November 8, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858871/case-report-brincidofovir-induced-reversible-severe-acute-kidney-injury-in-2-solid-organ-transplant-for-treatment-of-cytomegalovirus-infection
#9
Emmanuel Faure, Tatiana Galperine, Olivier Cannesson, Sophie Alain, Viviane Gnemmi, Celine Goeminne, Annie Dewilde, Johana Béné, Mohamed Lasri, Célia Lessore de Sainte Foy, Arnaud Lionet
RATIONALE: Resistant cytomegalovirus-mediated infections are increasing in solid organ recipient with few available alternative treatments. Brincidofovir is an oral broad-spectrum antiviral in development for prevention and treatment of viral infection, particularly cytomegalovirus. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Although brincidofovir is an analogue of cidofovir, previous studies reported no renal toxicity. DIAGNOSES: Here, we report 2 cases of severe tubular necrosis in solid organ recipients, 1 heart and 1 kidney transplant...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853675/the-effects-of-valsartan-on-renal-glutathione-peroxidase-expression-in-alleviation-of-cyclosporine-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#10
Sina Raeisi, Amir Ghorbanihaghjo, Hassan Argani, Siavoush Dastmalchi, Babollah Ghasemi, Teimour Ghazizadeh, Nadereh Rashtchizadeh, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi, Nasrin Bargahi, Mahboob Nemati, Ali Mota, Amir Mansour Vatankhah
Introduction: Nephrotoxicity as a side effect caused by the immunosuppressive drug, cyclosporine-A (CsA), can be a major problem in transplant medicine. Oxidative stress may play an important role in the CsA-induced nephrotoxicity. It has been shown that the antihypertensive drug, valsartan (Val), has also renoprotective effects but, its molecular mechanism is largely unknown. In the present study, it was aimed to evaluate the Val effect in the alleviation of CsA nephrotoxicity via probable renal glutathione peroxidase (GPx) upregulation and oxidative stress decrease...
2016: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848094/aminoglycoside-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Stephen J McWilliam, Daniel J Antoine, Rosalind L Smyth, Munir Pirmohamed
Aminoglycoside antibiotics, in particular gentamicin and tobramycin, are still commonly used in paediatric clinical practice. These drugs cause nephrotoxicity, which particularly affects the proximal tubule epithelial cells due to selective endocytosis and accumulation of aminoglycosides via the multi-ligand receptor megalin. Recent epidemiological studies, using more widely accepted definitions of acute kidney injury (AKI), have suggested that AKI may occur in between 20 and 33 % of children exposed to aminoglycosides...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820600/direct-reprogramming-of-fibroblasts-into-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-by-defined-transcription-factors
#12
Michael M Kaminski, Jelena Tosic, Catena Kresbach, Hannes Engel, Jonas Klockenbusch, Anna-Lena Müller, Roman Pichler, Florian Grahammer, Oliver Kretz, Tobias B Huber, Gerd Walz, Sebastian J Arnold, Soeren S Lienkamp
Direct reprogramming by forced expression of transcription factors can convert one cell type into another. Thus, desired cell types can be generated bypassing pluripotency. However, direct reprogramming towards renal cells remains an unmet challenge. Here, we identify renal cell fate-inducing factors on the basis of their tissue specificity and evolutionarily conserved expression, and demonstrate that combined expression of Emx2, Hnf1b, Hnf4a and Pax8 converts mouse and human fibroblasts into induced renal tubular epithelial cells (iRECs)...
November 7, 2016: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785978/layer-by-layer-coated-lyotropic-liquid-crystalline-nanoparticles-for-active-tumor-targeting-of-rapamycin
#13
May S Freag, Yosra Sr Elnaggar, Doaa A Abdelmonsif, Ossama Y Abdallah
AIM: This work spotlights on fabrication of CD44-tropic, layer-by-layer (LbL) coated, liquid crystalline nanoparticles of rapamycin (Rap-LbL-LCNPs) to enhance its water solubility and enable its anticancer use. METHODS: Rap-LCNPs were fabricated using hydrotrope method and then coated using LbL self-assembly technique. RESULTS: LbL coating strategy successfully reduced monoolein-induced hemolysis and increased LCNPs serum stability. Lyophilized Rap-LbL-LCNPs were successfully sterilized using γ-radiations...
October 27, 2016: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774416/a-randomized-ethnomedicinal-survey-of-snakebite-treatment-in-southwestern-parts-of-bangladesh
#14
Md Nazmul Hasan, Nur Kabidul Azam, Md Nasir Ahmed, Akinori Hirashima
Snakebite is the single most important toxin-related injury, causing substantial mortality in many parts of the Africa, Asia and the Americas. Incidence of snakebite is usually recorded in young people engaged in active physical work in rural areas. The various plant parts used to treat snakebite included whole plant, leaves, barks, roots and seeds. Most bites in Bangladesh are recorded between May and October with highest number in June. Lower and upper limbs are most common sites of snakebite, but it may happen in other sites as well...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751996/fractional-excretion-of-magnesium-a-marker-of-aminoglycoside-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-neonates
#15
Sheikh Farjana Sonia, Mohammad S Hassan, Ferdous Ara, Mohammed Hanif
Aminoglycoside is a widely used antibiotic in neonatal age group at hospital setting in Bangladesh. It has underlying side effect and toxicity which is mostly unseen and ignored. The aim of the study was to evaluate the nephrotoxic effect of aminoglycoside in neonates. This study was conducted in fifty hospital admitted neonates of Dhaka Shishu Hospital from January 2012 to December 2013. Serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and fractional excretion of magnesium (FEMg) were measured before starting and after seven days of aminoglycoside treatment...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701176/the-protective-effect-of-febuxostat-on-chronic-tacrolimus-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#16
Hyun Seon Kim, Sun Woo Lim, Long Jin, Jian Jin, Byung Ha Chung, Chul Woo Yang
BACKGROUND: The use of calcineurin inhibitors is a well-known risk factor for hyperuricemia in kidney transplant recipients. We evaluated the effect of febuxostat (Fx), a new uric acid-lowering drug, on hyperuricemia and renal injury in an experimental model of chronic tacrolimus (Tac)-induced nephropathy. METHODS: Chronic Tac nephropathy was induced by administering Tac (1.5 mg/kg/day) to rats on a low-salt diet (0.05%) with oxonic acid (OA, 2%, 0.2 g/kg/day) for 28 days...
October 5, 2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689121/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-aggravates-nephrotoxicity-induced-by-cisplatin-in-female-rats
#17
Elham Peysepar, Nepton Soltani, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Ardeshir Talebi
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin (CP) is a major antineoplastic drug for treatment of solid tumors. CP-induced nephrotoxicity may be gender-related. This is while gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system that has renoprotective impacts on acute renal injury. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the protective role of GABA against CP-induced nephrotoxicity in male and female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Wistar male and female rats were used in eight experimental groups...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689120/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-against-vanadyl-sulphate-induced-nephrotoxicity-and-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#18
Fatemeh Ahmadi, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Mehdi Kargarfard, Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Ardeshir Talebi, Soheila Shirdavani
INTRODUCTION: Vanadium compounds are insulin like drugs which are accompanied with nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity as their major side effects. Aerobic exercise is well known as an approach to reduce the side effects of many drugs. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the role of aerobic exercise against vanadyl sulphate induced nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity in male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678417/immunostaining-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-renal-cortex-and-medulla-of-rats-exposed-to-gold-nanoparticles
#19
Haseeb A Khan, Khalid E Ibrahim, Ayaat Khan, Salman H Alrokayan, Abdullah S Alhomida
Recently, gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have shown promising applications in targeted drug delivery and contrast imaging. Although in vitro cytotoxicity of GNPs has been thoroughly studied, there are limited data on in vivo toxicity of GNPs. In this study, we evaluated the effects of intraperitoneally injected 10 nm and 50 nm GNPs (5 μg/animal) on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) on day 1 and day 5, post-exposure. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that both 10 nm and 50 nm GNPs induced an acute phase expression of proinflammatory cytokines in renal cortex and medulla...
September 28, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671914/toxicological-role-of-an-acyl-glucuronide-metabolite-in-diclofenac-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#20
Shingo Oda, Yuji Shirai, Sho Akai, Akira Nakajima, Koichi Tsuneyama, Tsuyoshi Yokoi
The acyl glucuronide (AG) metabolites of carboxylic acid-containing drugs are potentially chemically reactive and are suggested to be implicated in toxicity, including hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity and drug hypersensitivity reactions. However, it remains unknown whether AG formation is related to toxicity in vivo. In this study, we sought to determine whether AG is involved in the pathogenesis of liver injury using a mouse model of diclofenac (DIC)-induced liver injury. Mice that were administered DIC alone exhibited significantly increased plasma alanine aminotransferase levels, whereas mice that were pretreated with the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase inhibitor (-)-borneol (BOR) exhibited suppressed alanine aminotransferase levels at 3 and 6 h after DIC administration although not significant at 12 h...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
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