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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914909/benefits-pitfalls-and-risks-of-phytotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-otorhinolaryngology
#1
O Laccourreye, A Werner, L Laccourreye, P Bonfils
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the benefits, pitfalls and risks of phytotherapy in the clinical practice of otorhinolaryngology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched using the following keywords: phytotherapy, phytomedicine, herbs, otology, rhinology, laryngology, otitis, rhinitis, laryngitis and otorhinolaryngology. Seventy-two articles (18 prospective randomized studies, 4 Cochrane analyses, 4 meta-analysis and 15 reviews of the literature) devoted to clinical studies were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878799/microsurgery-robots-addressing-the-needs-of-high-precision-surgical-interventions
#2
Leonardo S Mattos, Darwin G Caldwell, Giorgio Peretti, Francesco Mora, Luca Guastini, Roberto Cingolani
Robotics has a significant potential to enhance the overall capacity and efficiency of healthcare systems. Robots can help surgeons perform better quality operations, leading to reductions in the hospitalisation time of patients and in the impact of surgery on their postoperative quality of life. In particular, robotics can have a significant impact on microsurgery, which presents stringent requirements for superhuman precision and control of the surgical tools. Microsurgery is, in fact, expected to gain importance in a growing range of surgical specialties as novel technologies progressively enable the detection, diagnosis and treatment of diseases at earlier stages...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825368/impact-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-on-subjective-and-objective-voice-assessments-a-prospective-study
#3
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
BACKGROUND: Laryngopharyngeal reflux is a prevalent, not well-understood disease affecting a high proportion of patients who seek laryngology consultation. The objective of this prospective case series is to explore the subjective and objective voice modifications in Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), especially the usefulness of acoustic parameters as treatment outcomes, and to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of voice disorder. METHODS: Forty-one patients with a reflux finding score (RFS) > 7 and a reflux symptom index (RSI) > 13 were enrolled and treated with pantoprazole 20 mg twice daily for three months...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786147/anticholinergic-medication-use-is-associated-with-globus-pharyngeus
#4
S Haft, R M Carey, D Farquhar, N Mirza
BACKGROUND: Globus pharyngeus has been linked to salivary hypofunction. We hypothesise that a considerable portion of the globus experienced by patients is due to a drying effect secondary to anticholinergic medication use; this study aimed to determine their association. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 270 patients who presented to a laryngology practice over 6 months. Participants rated globus sensation on a 5-point severity scale, with those scoring 0 considered as controls (non-globus)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765622/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-second-line-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-adults
#5
B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726975/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-epistaxis-and-high-blood-pressure
#6
J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, L Robard, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on epistaxis in high blood pressure. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience. They were then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group...
October 7, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591443/-rehabilitation-of-phonosurgically-treated-patients-with-edematous-hypertrophic-changes-of-larynx
#7
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Dawid Falkowski, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa
UNLABELLED: Advanced change of organic dysphonia are an indication for phonosurgery. Edematous-hypertrophic changes are cause of serious disturbances of voice. High-speed digital imaging (HSDI) technique is the unique method, allowing for assessment the effects of therapy and rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of the study is evaluation the usefulness of vibratory method in voice rehabilitation of patients with edematous-hypertrophic changes treated phonosurgically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The group I contained 40 patients with edematous-hypertrophical changes phonosurgically treated...
August 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590648/-rehabilitation-of-phonosurgically-treated-patients-with-edematous-hypertrophic-changes-of-larynx
#8
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Dawid Falkowski, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa
UNLABELLED: Advanced change of organic dysphonia are an indication for phonosurgery. Edematous-hypertrophic changes are cause of serious disturbances of voice. High-speed digital imaging (HSDI) technique is the unique method, allowing for assessment the effects of therapy and rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of the study is evaluation the usefulness of vibratory method in voice rehabilitation of patients with edematous-hypertrophic changes treated phonosurgically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The group I contained 40 patients with edematous-hypertrophical changes phonosurgically treated...
July 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554514/laryngology-in-art-the-portrait-of-dr-wilhelm-mayer-hermann
#9
Amit A Patel
Otto Dix's portrait of the laryngologist Dr Wilhelm Mayer-Hermann represents a shining example of Neue Sachlichkeit, or New Objectivity, offering a return to unsentimental reality and a focus on the objective world, as opposed to the more abstract and idealistic tendencies of expressionism. However, precious little is known about the subject of the portrait. This article examines the portrait and attempts to shed light on the life and career of the Dr Wilhelm Mayer-Hermann.
December 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554506/dual-ph-with-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-testing-in-the-evaluation-of-subjective-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-symptoms
#10
Evan C Cumpston, Joel H Blumin, Jonathan M Bock
OBJECTIVES: Minimal data exist to define the use of contemporary dual pH with multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) probes integrating both pharyngeal acid and impedance sensors to evaluate laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) symptoms in a laryngology clinic population. This study was performed to review a series of patients tested with dual pH-MII for suspected LPR symptoms and to analyze pH-MII data findings for this patient cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with planned data collection...
December 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520510/health-related-quality-of-life-as-studied-by-eortc-qlq-and-voice-handicap-index-among-various-patients-with-laryngeal-disease
#11
Tom Karlsen, Lorentz Sandvik, John-Helge Heimdal, Marianne Jensen Hjermstad, Anne Kari Hersvik Aarstad, Hans Jørgen Aarstad
OBJECTIVES: Patients with voice-related disorders are often treated by a multidisciplinary team including assessment by patient-reported outcome measures. The present paper aims at documenting the importance of including general health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures to clinical investigations. STUDY DESIGN: The participants (N = 80 larynx cancer, N = 32 recurrent palsy, N = 23 dysfunctional, N = 75 degenerative/inflammation, N = 19 various) were included consecutively at the laryngology clinic at Haukeland University Hospital...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434416/laryngological-presentations-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-case-series-of-nine-patients-from-two-london-tertiary-referral-centers
#12
Shalini Arulanandam, Alan J Hakim, Qasim Aziz, Guri Sandhu, Martin A Birchall
1.This is a first-in-literature case series of 9 patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) presenting with laryngological manifestations of their condition. 2.Laryngological and upper digestive tract complaints are relatively common and very varied in EDS, and in this series included dysphagia, dysphonia, laryngospasm, chronic throat pain and post-surgical scarring complicating airway stenosis. 3.Clinical findings in the larynx and pharynx are subtle and may not guide the diagnosis of the syndrome or its local manifestations...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387213/the-influence-of-the-body-mass-index-bmi-on-selected-parameters-of-the-coagulation-system-in-patients-with-disorders-of-the-balance-system-taking-oral-contraceptives
#13
Marzena Bielinska, Joanna Urbaniak, Krzysztof Kusmierczyk, Jurek Olszewski, Piotr Pietkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the paper is to evaluate the influence of the body mass index (BMI) on selected parameters of the coagulation system in patients with disorders of the balance system taking oral contraceptives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 105 young women participated in the study who were divided into 2 groups. Group I: 52 women disorders of the balance system taking hormonal contraceptives for at least 2 months, between the age of 20-49; Group II: 53 women with no disorders of the balance system taking hormonal contraceptives for at least 2 months, between the age of 18-40...
April 30, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301897/the-accuracy-of-the-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-diagnosis-utility-of-the-stroboscopic-exam
#14
Mark A Fritz, Michael J Persky, Yixin Fang, C Blake Simpson, Milan R Amin, Lee M Akst, Gregory N Postma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and also accuracy of the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) referring diagnosis and to determine the most useful clinical tool in arriving at the final diagnosis in a tertiary laryngology practice. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with planned data collection. SETTING: Six tertiary academic laryngology practices. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We collected referring diagnosis and demographic information, including age, sex, ethnicity, referring physician, and whether or not patients had prior flexible laryngoscopy for 1077 patients presenting with laryngologic complaints from January 2010 and June 2013...
October 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272796/self-reported-symptoms-to-monitor-recurrent-head-and-neck-cancer-analysis-of-1-678-cases
#15
Morten Ebbe Boysen, Ulf Kaare Zätterström, Jan Folkvard Evensen
AIM: The aim of this article was to study the clinical significance of subjective symptoms of recurrence in patients treated for primary head and neck cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 1,678 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck admitted at the Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Oslo University Hospital during a period of 15 years (1983-1997) were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 525 (31%) patients had recurrence during follow-up, 74% of these within the first two years after primary treatment...
June 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220307/-role-of-narrow-band-imaging-endoscopy-in-the-laryngology-surgery-of-co2-laser
#16
Li Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179909/impact-of-cyp2e1-gsta1-and-gstp1-gene-variants-on-serum-alpha-glutathione-s-transferase-level-in-patients-undergoing-anaesthesia
#17
Adam Mikstacki, Marzena Skrzypczak-Zielinska, Oliwia Zakerska-Banaszak, Barbara Tamowicz, Maria Skibinska, Marta Molinska-Glura, Marlena Szalata, Ryszard Slomski
BACKGROUND: The serum glutathione S-transferase alpha (α-GST) concentration has been used as a marker of hepatic condition. After sevoflurane anaesthesia a mild impairment of hepatocellular integrity was observed. Genetic polymorphisms in CYP2E1, GSTA1 and GSTP1 genes, affecting enzymes activity, may possibly influence the hepatotoxic effect of sevoflurane. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of genetic polymorphism of CYP2E1, GSTA1 and GSTP1 genes on serum α-GST level in 86 unrelated patients representing ASA physical status I-II, undergoing laryngological surgery under general anaesthesia with sevoflurane...
2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165679/hemodynamic-parameters-during-laryngoscopic-procedures-in-the-office-and-in-the-operating-room
#18
William S Tierney, Rebecca L Chota, Michael S Benninger, Amy S Nowacki, Paul C Bryson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that office-based laryngoscopic procedures can induce hemodynamic changes, including tachycardia and severe hypertension, calling into question the safety of these procedures. However, comparison between office and operating room (OR) procedures has not been carried out. Therefore, we prospectively measured hemodynamic variables in both settings to compare hemodynamic changes between office and OR procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
September 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151142/the-mechanism-of-the-beneficial-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-used-in-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joints-dysfunction
#19
Pihut Malgorzata, Ceranowicz Piotr, Kijak Edward
In the course of temporomandibular joint dysfunctions very often comes to excessive increase in tension of masticatory muscles, so main aim of the treatment is reduction of this hypertension of muscles. That why we use botulinum toxin type A, which is produced by Gram-positive Clostridium bacteria. There are six serotypes of the toxin: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. The botulinum toxin type A was first isolated in 1920s. Today, botulinum toxin type A is used increasingly more often as an efficient and patient-friendly therapy in neurology, ophthalmology, neurology, urology and laryngology...
May 6, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128403/-implementation-of-study-results-in-guidelines-and-adherence-to-guidelines-in-clinical-practice
#20
F Waldfahrer
Guidelines were introduced in hospital and practice-based otorhinolaryngology in the 1990s, and have been undergoing further development ever since. There are currently 20 guidelines on file at the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. The Society has cooperated in a further 34 guidelines. The quality of the guidelines has been continually improved by concrete specifications put forward by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany [Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e...
April 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
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