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Laryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600823/can-the-ni-classification-of-vessels-predict-neoplasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Camilla S Mehlum, Tine Rosenberg, Anne-Kirstine Dyrvig, Aagot Moeller Groentved, Thomas Kjaergaard, Christian Godballe
OBJECTIVES: The Ni classification of vascular change from 2011 is well documented for evaluating pharyngeal and laryngeal lesions, primarily focusing on cancer. In the planning of surgery it may be more relevant to differentiate neoplasia from non-neoplasia. We aimed to evaluate the ability of the Ni classification to predict laryngeal or hypopharyngeal neoplasia and to investigate if a changed cutoff value would support the recent European Laryngological Society (ELS) proposal of perpendicular vascular changes as indicative of neoplasia...
June 10, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595674/blunt-laryngeal-trauma-secondary-to-sporting-injuries
#2
D Mendis, J A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal injury after blunt trauma is uncommon, but can cause catastrophic airway obstruction and significant morbidity in voice and airway function. This paper aims to discuss a case series of sports-related blunt laryngeal trauma patients and describe the results of a thorough literature review. METHOD: Retrospective case-based analysis of laryngeal trauma referrals over six years to a tertiary laryngology centre. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were identified; 13 (46 per cent) sustained sports-related trauma...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573762/in-vivo-measurement-of-vocal-fold-surface-resistance
#3
Masanobu Mizuta, Takashi Kurita, Neal P Dillon, Emily E Kimball, C Gaelyn Garrett, M Preeti Sivasankar, Robert J Webster, Bernard Rousseau
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: A custom-designed probe was developed to measure vocal fold surface resistance in vivo. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate proof of concept of using vocal fold surface resistance as a proxy of functional tissue integrity after acute phonotrauma using an animal model. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective animal study. METHODS: New Zealand White breeder rabbits received 120 minutes of airflow without vocal fold approximation (control) or 120 minutes of raised intensity phonation (experimental)...
June 2, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541244/parotid-gland-tumors-results-of-retrospective-analysis-of-149-patients-treated-at-the-clinical-department-of-cranio-maxillofacial-surgery-clinic-of-otolaryngology-and-oncologic-laryngology-of-military-institute-of-medicine-in-warsaw-in-years-2006-2016
#4
Aldona Chloupek, Krzysztof Zarzycki, Jarosław Dąbrowski, Wojciech Domański
Wstęp: Nowotwory mające swoją etiologię w gruczołach ślinowych występują rzadko i stanowią ok. 3-10% wszystkich guzów w obrębie głowy i szyi. Materiał i metody: W latach 2006-2016 w Klinicznym Oddziale Chirurgii Czaszkowo-Szczękowo-Twarzowej Wojskowego Instytutu Medycznego w Warszawie z powodu nowotworów ślinianek przyusznych hospitalizowano i leczono 149 pacjentów. Podstawą do analizy były historie chorób pacjentów, wyniki badań histopatologicznych oraz protokoły zabiegów operacyjnych...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528730/sir-charles-bell-unheralded-laryngologist
#5
Elliot Abemayor
INTRODUCTION: Sir Charles Bell is renowned and revered as an outstanding surgeon, anatomist, clinician and teacher and his many contributions to various medical fields have been amply described. What are less well-known are his contributions to the field of laryngology. METHODS: Selected clinical and physiological publications by Bell were examined that addressed issues related specifically to the airway or pharynx. These included both case reports and case series...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485299/increase-in-the-incidence-of-parotid-gland-tumors-in-the-years-2005-2014
#6
Grażyna Stryjewska-Makuch, Bogdan Kolebacz, Małgorzata A Janik, Agnieszka Wolnik
INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland tumours account for 3-6% of tumours of the head and neck. About 80% of salivary gland tumors occur in parotid glands, 10-17% of which are malignant The aim of the study was to assess whether there is an upward trend in cancer incidence within the parotid glands, with particular emphasis on cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 322 patients underwent surgery and 328 parotid gland tumours were removed in the years 2005-2014 at the Department of Laryngology and Laryngological Oncology of the Upper Silesian Medical Centre in Katowice-Ochojec...
April 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485297/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx-cancer-in-the-authors-own-material
#7
Joanna Nowosielska-Grygiel, Kalina Owczarek, Marzena Bielińska, Magdalena Wacławek, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to analyse the risk factors for oral cavity and oropharynx cancer in peopled examined under the Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Week in 2016, Lodz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In Lodz, 21st September 2016, under the Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Week, 106 people, including 67 women aged 29-77 and 39 men aged 23-84, underwent preventive examinations in the hospital department. Prior to the laryngological examination, the patients were asked to answer questions that referred to their education, medical case history, symptoms, smoking habits with the number of cigarettes per day, alcohol intake, the number of lifetime sexual partners, oral sex engagement, incidents of head and neck cancer in the family history...
April 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485288/the-influence-of-the-body-mass-index-bmi-on-selected-parameters-of-the-coagulation-system-in-patients-with-disorders-of-the-balance-system-taking-oral-contraceptives
#8
Marzena Bielińska, Joanna Urbaniak, Krzysztof Kuśmierczyk, Jurek Olszewski, Piotr Pietkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the paper is to evaluate the influence of the body mass index (BMI) on selected parameters of the coagulation system in patients with disorders of the balance system taking oral contraceptives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 105 young women participated in the study who were divided into 2 groups. Group I: 52 women disorders of the balance system taking hormonal contraceptives for at least 2 months, between the age of 20-49; Group II: 53 women with no disorders of the balance system taking hormonal contraceptives for at least 2 months, between the age of 18-40...
July 10, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485287/clinical-outcomes-of-treatment-of-sinonasal-inverted-papillomas-ips-depending-on-the-surgical-technique-and-learning-curve
#9
Roland Zydroń, Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Grażyna Greczka
INTRODUCTION: Sinonasal inverted papillomas (IPs) are a major challenge for ENT specialists. In the last decades, the number of endoscopic procedures has increased, while the percentage of external or double approach procedures has decreased. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term IP treatment outcomes according to the applied surgical method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the retrospective study included 69 patients (28 women and 41 men) treated during 2002-2012 in the Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology of Poznań University of Medical Sciences...
November 20, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484788/-narrow-band-imaging-for-evaluation-of-laryngeal-mucosal-lesions
#10
N Davaris, S Voigt-Zimmermann, A Roessner, C Arens
The use of narrow band imaging (NBI) and further technological achievements concerning the resolution and magnification of endoscopic images have revolutionized laryngology in the past 10 years. The diagnosis and therapy of dysplasia and early laryngeal carcinoma have become significantly easier. There are also clear benefits for benign laryngeal lesions. Central to these techniques is the assessment of epithelial, connective tissue and vascular changes caused by diverse diseases.
May 8, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463539/treatment-of-neurogenic-cough-with-tramadol-a-pilot-study
#11
Gregory R Dion, Stephanie E Teng, Efstratios Achlatis, Yixin Fang, Milan R Amin
This study employs validated cough assessment tools to prospectively determine the impact of tramadol on cough severity and quality of life in subjects with neurogenic cough. The study was a prospective case series with planned data collection at a tertiary care academic medical center laryngology practice. Sixteen consecutive collected subjects with neurogenic cough prospectively completed pre- and posttreatment validated cough assessment tools, the cough severity index (CSI) and Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ)...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462766/vocal-fold-paresis-a-debilitating-and-underdiagnosed-condition
#12
G Harris, C O'Meara, C Pemberton, J Rough, P Darveniza, S Tisch, I Cole
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical signs of vocal fold paresis on laryngeal videostroboscopy, to quantify its impact on patients' quality of life and to confirm the benefit of laryngeal electromyography in its diagnosis. METHODS: Twenty-nine vocal fold paresis patients were referred for laryngeal electromyography. Voice Handicap Index 10 results were compared to 43 patients diagnosed with vocal fold paralysis. Laryngeal videostroboscopy analysis was conducted to determine side of paresis...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457223/pepsina-as-a-marker-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-detected-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#13
Jian-Jun Ren, Yu Zhao, Jing Wang, Xue Ren, Yang Xu, Wenlong Tang, Zhaoping He
Objectives We aimed to confirm the presence of pepsinA in the nasal secretions and tissues of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients and reveal the relationship between CRS and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Study Design Cross-sectional study. Setting The study was conducted at the Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Subjects and Methods A total of 32 CRS patients with or without nasal polyps (CRSwNP and CRSsNP, respectively) and 10 normal controls were enrolled in our study...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455592/-88th-annual-meeting-of-the-german-society-of-oto-rhino-laryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-with-good-hearing-and-without-vertigo-through-everyday-life-but-how
#14
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435401/head-and-neck-lymphomas-a-retrospective-ten-year-observation
#15
Marcelina Niemiec, Grażyna Stryjewska-Makuch, Małgorzata Janik, Bogdan Kolebacz, Grażyna Lisowska, Wojciech Ścierski
AIM OF THE STUDY: Lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of tumours of lymphoid tissue in which there is an abnormal proliferation of cells of the lymphatic system. The literature notes a gradual increase in the incidence of this type of cancer in the whole population. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the above tendency occurs in the head and neck area. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the years 2005-2014, at the Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology Department of the Upper Silesian Medical Centre in Katowice, 77 cases of lymphoma were recorded, 58 of which were analysed in terms of location, histological type, age and sex of the patient, and the presence of risk factors...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407258/a-cardiovascular-prescreening-protocol-for-unmonitored-in-office-laryngology-procedures
#16
Lyndsay L Madden, John Ward, Anne Ward, VyVy N Young, Libby J Smith, David G Lott, Paul C Bryson, Matthew S Clary, Phillip A Weissbrod, Jonathan M Bock, Joel H Blumin, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are no cardiovascular (CV) preprocedure screening parameters for patients undergoing in-office laryngeal procedures (IOLP). Studies have shown significant changes in CV measures for IOLP. The aim was to develop and evaluate a pre-IOLP CV screening protocol. METHODS: Review of IOLP literature and consultation with an anesthesiologist and cardiologist led to the development of CV parameters and questions related to four metabolic equivalents (METS) of work as a patient-screening tool before IOLP...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266945/allergic-laryngitis-unraveling-the-myths
#17
Robert J Stachler, James P Dworkin-Valenti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a thorough review of the literature highlighting the articles that have advanced our knowledge about the sensitivity of the larynx to allergens in the air or ones consumed. This area of inquiry requires continued interest and investigation. As the field of clinical laryngology changes, and more information is discovered about the possible causal association between allergy and vocal pathologies, practicing otolaryngologists, allergists, and other medical professionals may discover more comprehensive methods to evaluate and treat their allergic patients, particularly those who present with complaints of dysphonia, dysphagia, laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), and/or dyspnea...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195753/subjective-assessment-of-videofluoroscopic-swallow-studies
#18
Janet W Lee, Derrick R Randall, Lisa M Evangelista, Maggie A Kuhn, Peter C Belafsky
Objective The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is the gold standard diagnostic tool to evaluate oropharyngeal dysphagia. Although objective measurements on VFSS have been described, there is no universal method of analysis, and the majority of clinicians use subjective interpretation alone. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the accuracy of subjective VFSS analysis. Study Design Double-blinded experiment. Setting Tertiary care laryngology center. Subjects and Methods Seventy-six de-identified videos from VFSS evaluations of patients with dysphagia were presented to blinded, experienced speech-language pathologists and laryngologists individually...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190646/vocal-cord-paralysis-in-charcot-marie-tooth-type-4b1-disease-associated-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-myotubularin-related-protein-2-gene-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Alberto Andrea Zambon, Maria Grazia Natali Sora, Giovanna Cantarella, Federica Cerri, Angelo Quattrini, Giancarlo Comi, Stefano Carlo Previtali, Alessandra Bolino
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B1 (CMT4B1) is an autosomal recessive motor and sensory demyelinating neuropathy characterized by the association of early-onset neurological symptoms and typical histological findings. The natural history and the clinical variability of the disease are still poorly known, thus further clarification of the different phenotypes is needed. We report on the case of a Pakistani girl born to consanguineous parents harboring a novel mutation in the MTMR2 gene. When aged 18 months, reduced limb tone, muscle wasting associated with proximal and distal weakness prevalent in lower limbs, absence of tendon reflexes, hoarseness and inspiratory stridor were detected...
May 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164775/a-comparative-study-of-voice-outcomes-and-complication-rates-in-patients-undergoing-injection-laryngoplasty-performed-under-local-versus-general-anaesthesia-an-adelaide-voice-specialist-s-experience
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D Chandran, C Woods, S Ullah, E Ooi, T Athanasiadis
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes and complication rates in patients undergoing injection laryngoplasty performed under local versus general anaesthesia. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent injection laryngoplasty performed by a single laryngologist in a tertiary Australian laryngology centre, between February 2013 and December 2014. Patient demographics, anaesthetic modality and complications were recorded. Voice Handicap Index 10 and the Grade, Breathiness, Roughness, Asthenia, Strain scale were evaluated...
January 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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