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Psychopath psychotherapy

Ian B Penzel, Jessica Bair, Tianwei Liu, Michael D Robinson
At least some forms of interpersonal violence could follow from a vision of the self as a fierce, dominant creature. This should be particularly true when psychopathic (more proactive, less reactive) tendencies are involved. Possible relations of this type were examined in two studies (total N = 278) in which college student samples were presented with a new, structured version of an old projective test typically used in psychotherapy contexts. Participants were presented with predator-prey animal pairs (e...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Katarzyna Cyranka, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Michał Mielimąka, Jerzy A Sobański, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj, Katarzyna Klasa, Edyta Dembińska, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Paweł Rodziński
AIM: The study of group psychotherapy influence on the personality functioning of patients on treatment for neurotic disorders and selected personality disorders (F4-F6 under ICD-10). METHODS: The study concerned 82 patients (61 women and 21 men) who underwent intensive short-term group psychotherapy in a day ward. A comprehensive assessment of the patients' personality functioning was carried out at the outset and the end of the psychotherapy utilising the MMPI-2 questionnaire...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
Ting-Wei Fan
In August 1908, the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the Qing Dynasty established a pauper reformatory, attached to it was a lunatic asylum, which was the first of its kind set up by the Government. In December 1917, with the restructuring of the pauper reformatory, the asylum became an independent organization called asylum for the maniac which was jointly reorganized by Peping Union Medical College (PUMC) and the Bureau of Public Welfare and renamed it as Peiping Municipal Psychopathic Hospital, with Wei Yu-lin as the director...
November 2013: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Harri Virtanen
The paper discusses negative individuation and the hero myth as developmental concepts. It is suggested that in negative individuation healthy psychological development is hindered and goes astray. Aggression then becomes the central psychic system. Repressed anger is the core element in psychopathic narcissism (Diamond) and malignant narcissism (Kernberg). Both Diamond and Kernberg extend narcissistic personality structure to antisocial, psychopathic personality in an effort to better understand extreme violence...
November 2013: Journal of Analytical Psychology
J Tew, L Dixon, L Harkins, A Bennett
BACKGROUND: Chromis was accredited by the Correction Services Accreditation Panel in 2005 as an intervention designed to reduce violence in offenders whose level or combination of psychopathic traits disrupts their ability to engage in treatment and change. It runs as part of the regime in the dangerous and severe personality disorder unit in HM Prison Frankland (Westgate). A multiple case study investigation into changes over time in participants is currently underway, part of which is reported here...
July 2012: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
(no author information available yet)
I would like to describe the initial extreme physical and psychological effects of my posttraumatic stress disorder that appeared after multiple shocks from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, my surprise about my physical awareness, which I and apparently also the physicians could not understand, the feeling of helplessness, the lack of knowledge, the ignorance, and the unfairness of some of the physicians concerning my psychological illness, feelings of being stamped as a psychopath, not being believed, and being let down, my improvements during the course of the last 6 years, my current condition, and my appeal to physicians that better care be offered to patients with a similar illness...
September 2011: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Devon L L Polaschek, Elizabeth C Ross
BACKGROUND: Examination of the extent of offenders' engagement in change, and in rehabilitation programmes, is important to understanding success or failure following rehabilitation. In treatment programmes, the alliance between therapist and offender, and the therapy process itself appear central to progress offenders make that may reduce their criminal risk. But research with offenders seldom has measured therapeutic alliance and clinical writing suggests that it is difficult to form an alliance with those not ready to change their behaviour; especially with higher risk and psychopathic offenders...
April 2010: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Michael H Stone
Sexual sadism has been defined ambiguously in the DSM to include both preoccupation with sadistic sexual fantasies and the acting out of such fantasies (with resultant harm or death to the victims). Ideally, the term should be used only for persons in whom such fantasies are acted out in actual behavior. Almost all such persons will be men. There is an overlap between the psychiatric diagnosis of sexual sadism (as behavior) and the concept of evil as the word is used in everyday parlance. The word evil is evoked generally when one comes to learn of (or witness) violent actions of such a nature as to horrify, shock, and disgust us...
2010: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry
Seyed M Mousavinasab, Mohsen Gorganinezhad-Moshiri, Mehdi Saberifirouzi, Gholamreza Dehbozorgi, Davood Mehrabani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder, and its definite etiology is still unclear. It has been shown that personality characteristics can affect the disease presentation and attitude of patient toward symptoms. This study was undertaken to evaluate the personality characteristics in patients with IBS in Shiraz, southern Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the personality characteristics of 60 patients with IBS and 55 healthy persons were compared using Minnesota II Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2)...
October 2007: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Daniel C Murrie, Marcus T Boccaccini, Wendy McCoy, Dewey G Cornell
This study examined the influence of diagnostic criteria and diagnostic labels for psychopathy or conduct disorder on judicial decisions. A national sample of judges (N = 326) rendered hypothetical dispositions based on 1 of 12 mock psychological evaluations. The evaluations varied the presence of 2 sets of diagnostic criteria (antisocial behavioral history and psychopathic personality traits) and 3 diagnostic labels (conduct disorder, psychopathy, no diagnosis) to distinguish diagnostic criterion effects from diagnostic labeling effects...
April 2007: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Karen D'Silva, Conor Duggan, Lucy McCarthy
We aimed to evaluate critically the evidence behind the perceived inverse association between the degree of psychopathy as reflected by a high score on the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and treatment response. A literature search with the key identifiers of PCL-R (or its derivatives) and treatment response produced 24 studies that were then systematically evaluated. This showed that only three studies were of an appropriate research design to answer the question and of these, none met our standard for an acceptable study...
April 2004: Journal of Personality Disorders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1950: Folia Psychiatrica, Neurologica et Neurochirurgica Neerlandica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1964: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1964: Social-Medicinsk Tidskrift
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1964: New Zealand Medical Journal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 1963: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 1958: Nordisk Medicin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 1953: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Karen A Nolan, Pál Czobor, Biman B Roy, Meredith M Platt, Constance B Shope, Leslie L Citrome, Jan Volavka
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which psychosis, disordered impulse control, and psychopathy contribute to assaults among psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: The authors used a semistructured interview to elicit reasons for assaults from assailants and their victims on an inpatient research ward. Video monitoring provided supplemental information to confirm participants' identities and activities before and during the assault. RESULTS: Consensus clinical ratings indicated that approximately 20 percent of the assaults in this sample were directly related to positive psychotic symptoms...
July 2003: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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