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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165779/resilience-to-post-traumatic-stress-among-world-trade-center-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Lisa M Gargano, Sindhushree Hosakote, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Robyn R Gershon
The purpose of this study was to identify individual characteristics, behaviors, and psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among World Trade Center (WTC) disaster evacuation survivors. The study utilized a mixed-method design. In-depth interviews were conducted using a prepared script. PTSD was assessed using the PTSD checklist-civilian (PCL-C; a score ≥ 50 indicates probable PTSD). Thematic analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with PTSD. A purposive sample of 29 WTC evacuees was recruited using a multimodal recruitment strategy...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158344/effects-of-walking-in-water-on-gut-hormone-concentration-and-appetite-comparison-with-walking-on-land
#2
Shin-Ya Ueda, Hidehiro Nakahara, Eriko Kawai, Tatsuya Usui, Shintaro Tsuji, Tadayoshi Miyamoto
The effects of water exercise on gut hormone levels and appetite currently remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of treadmill walking in water on gut hormone levels and appetite. Thirteen men (mean±S.D. age: 21.6±2.2 years, body mass index: 22.7±2.8 kg/m2, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak): 49.8±7.8 ml/kg per min) participated in the walking in water and on land challenge. During the study period, ratings of subjective feelings of hunger, fullness, satiety, and motivation to eat were reported on a 100-mm visual analogue scale...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155372/gut-feeling-researchers-are-discovering-a-link-between-depression-and-gut-bacteria
#3
Mary Bates
The human gut is home to an abundant and diverse community of microbes–each of us carries roughly 100 trillion, representing more than 1,000 different species. The composition of one?s gut microbiota is individually specific, dynamic, and influenced by genetics, diet, age, metabolism, medication use, stress, and geography. These bacteria perform a range of necessary and beneficial functions, including breaking down our food and supporting our immune systems.
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081522/g-protein-coupled-receptors-gut-feeling-on-bacterial-gpcr-agonists
#4
Megan Cully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070534/a-gut-feeling-about-developmental-programming-mechanisms-trimethylamine-n-oxide-may-enhance-atherosclerosis-in-offspring-of-hypercholesterolemic-mice
#5
EDITORIAL
Wulf Palinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057769/exploring-how-a-traditional-diluted-yoghurt-drink-may-mitigate-heat-strain-during-medium-intensity-intermittent-work-a-multidisciplinary-study-of-occupational-heat-strain
#6
Karin Lundgren-Kownacki, Mats Dahl, Chuansi Gao, Kristina Jakobsson, Caroline Linninge, Danping Song, Kalev Kuklane
It is common practice in India to consume the dairy drink buttermilk as a way of mitigating occupational heat strain. This paper explores the thermoregulatory and hydration benefits of drinking buttermilk but also the impacts of work in a hot environment on the gut microbiota, renal and cognitive function. Twelve healthy participants were subjected to a 3-hour period of medium load physical intermittent work in a climatic chamber (34°C, 60 % RH). The subjects were given water, buttermilk (700 ml) or no rehydration at random...
October 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042097/routine-preoperative-thoracic-angiography-or-just-follow-the-gut-feeling
#7
EDITORIAL
Antonio M Calafiore, Carlo De Filippo, Massimiliano Foschi, Fabrizio Tancredi, Michele Di Mauro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031472/catching-on-it-early-bodily-and-brain-anticipatory-mechanisms-for-excellence-in-sport
#8
Ana M Abreu, Matteo Candidi, Salvatore M Aglioti
Programming and executing a subsequent move is inherently linked to the ability to anticipate the actions of others when interacting. Such fundamental social ability is particularly important in sport. Here, we discuss the possible mechanisms behind the highly sophisticated anticipation skills that characterize experts. We contend that prediction in sports might rely on a finely tuned perceptual system that endows experts with a fast, partially unconscious, pickup of relevant cues. Furthermore, we discuss the role of the multimodal, perceptuomotor, multiple-duty cells (mirror neurons) that play an important function in action anticipation by means of an inner motor simulation process...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027509/multiply-adjusted-comparisons-a-meta-analysis-method-to-compare-single-arm-clinical-trial-data-to-literature-results-regarding-a-competitor
#9
Dietmar Boethig, Hartmut Hecker
Prospective randomized controlled trials are difficult to obtain if a promising new therapy has to be tested against seemingly obsolete alternatives. One method to address this problem is to compare the results of (multicentre) trials to literature results. However, previous treatment-era changes and population-dependent results complicate objective comparisons. The presented approach describes a method to objectify such comparisons in cases in which individual raw data regarding a new therapy have to be compared to summary results regarding a conventional alternative published in the literature...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023380/the-gut-microbiome-feelings-of-the-brain-a-perspective-for-non-microbiologists
#10
REVIEW
Aaron Lerner, Sandra Neidhöfer, Torsten Matthias
Objectives: To comprehensively review the scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis. Methods: Various publications on the gut-brain axis, until 31 July 2017, were screened using the Medline, Google, and Cochrane Library databases. The search was performed using the following keywords: "gut-brain axis", "gut-microbiota-brain axis", "nutrition microbiome/microbiota", "enteric nervous system", "enteric glial cells/network", "gut-brain pathways", "microbiome immune system", "microbiome neuroendocrine system" and "intestinal/gut/enteric neuropeptides"...
October 12, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975805/associations-between-narrative-transportation-risk-perception-and-behaviour-intentions-following-narrative-messages-about-skin-cancer
#11
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Jessica D Welch
OBJECTIVE: Narrative messages may be an effective strategy to increase risk perceptions and motivate preventive behaviours related to cancer. The aim of this research was to examine associations between narrative transportation (i.e. psychological absorption into a narrative), risk perceptions, and intentions following narrative messages about skin cancer. DESIGN: In two studies, women who reported indoor tanning read first-person narrative messages about skin cancer...
October 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975691/gut-feelings-studying-enteric-nervous-system-development-function-and-disease-in-the-zebrafish-model-system
#12
REVIEW
Julia Ganz
The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the largest part of the peripheral nervous system and is entirely neural crest-derived. It provides the intrinsic innervation of the gut, controlling different aspects of gut function, such as motility. In this review, we will discuss key points of Zebrafish ENS development, genes, and signaling pathways regulating ENS development, as well as contributions of the Zebrafish model system to better understand ENS disorders. During their migration, enteric progenitor cells (EPCs) display a gradient of developmental states based on their proliferative and migratory characteristics, and show spatiotemporal heterogeneity based on gene expression patterns...
October 4, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973867/a-gut-feeling-about-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Francisco J Quintana, Marco Prinz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873387/just-a-gut-feeling-central-nervous-effects-of-peripheral-gastrointestinal-hormones
#14
Christian L Roth, Robert Patrick Doyle
Despite greater health education, obesity remains one of the greatest health challenges currently facing the world. The prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents and the rising rates of prediabetes and diabetes are of particular concern. A deep understanding of regulatory pathways and development of new anti-obesity drugs with increased efficacy and safety are of utmost necessity. The 2 major biological players in the regulation of food intake are the gut and the brain as peptides released from the gut in response to meals convey information about the energy needs to brain centers of energy homeostasis...
2017: Endocrine Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870194/a-yeast-fermentate-improves-gastrointestinal-discomfort-and-constipation-by-modulation-of-the-gut-microbiome-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-pilot-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Iris Pinheiro, Larry Robinson, An Verhelst, Massimo Marzorati, Björn Winkens, Pieter Van den Abbeele, Sam Possemiers
BACKGROUND: Constipation and symptoms of gastrointestinal discomfort such as bloating are common among otherwise healthy individuals, but with significant impact on quality of life. Despite the recognized contribution of the gut microbiome to this pathology, little is known about which group(s) of microorganism(s) are playing a role. A previous study performed in vitro suggests that EpiCor® fermentate has prebiotic-like properties, being able to favorably modulate the composition of the gut microbiome...
September 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836619/beyond-gut-feelings-how-the-gut-microbiota-regulates-blood-pressure
#16
REVIEW
Francine Z Marques, Charles R Mackay, David M Kaye
Hypertension is the leading risk factor for heart disease and stroke, and is estimated to cause 9.4 million deaths globally every year. The pathogenesis of hypertension is complex, but lifestyle factors such as diet are important contributors to the disease. High dietary intake of fruit and vegetables is associated with reduced blood pressure and lower cardiovascular mortality. A critical relationship between dietary intake and the composition of the gut microbiota has been described in the literature, and a growing body of evidence supports the role of the gut microbiota in the regulation of blood pressure...
August 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816070/correction-to-rossi-e-et%C3%A2-al-it-s-a-gut-feeling-escherichia-coli-biofilm-formation-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-environment
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808865/glucagon-like-peptides-1-and-2-are-involved-in-satiety-modulation-after-modified-biliopancreatic-diversion-results-of-a-pilot-study
#18
Everton Cazzo, José Carlos Pareja, Elinton Adami Chaim, Cláudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy, Daniéla Oliveira Magro
BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to evaluate the influence of modified biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) on the levels of GLP-1 and GLP-2 and correlate them with satiety regulation. METHODS: This is a pilot prospective cohort study that evaluated six mildly obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which underwent modified BPD and were followed-up for 12 months. Levels of GLP-1 and GLP-2 after a standard meal tolerance test were determined and correlated with satiety scores obtained by means of a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736009/beliefs-of-living-donors-about-recipients-end-stage-liver-failure-and-surgery-for-organ-donation
#19
M R Krespi, A Tankurt, K Acarli, T Kanmaz, Y Yankol, M Kalayoglu
BACKGROUND: The concept of beliefs could provide a basis for how donors may perceive recipients' end-stage liver failure (ESLF) and surgery for organ donation. However, there is no such quantitative study. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore beliefs of living donors about recipients' ESLF and surgery for organ donation. METHODS: The sample comprised 16 living donors who donated a part of their liver to a patient who had ESLF. The data were analyzed by following established procedures for inductive qualitative analysis...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726028/should-we-all-be-scientists-re-thinking-laboratory-research-as-a-calling
#20
Louise Bezuidenhout, Nathaniel A Warne
In recent years there have been major shifts in how the role of science-and scientists-are understood. The critical examination of scientific expertise within the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS) are increasingly eroding notions of the "otherness" of scientists. It would seem to suggest that anyone can be a scientist-when provided with the appropriate training and access to data. In contrast, however, ethnographic evidence from the scientific community tells a different story. Scientists are quick to recognize that not everyone can-or should-be a scientist...
July 19, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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