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Chronic coronary disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729411/recognized-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-improved-in-hospital-outcomes-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#1
Divyanshu Mohananey, Pedro A Villablanca, Tanush Gupta, Sahil Agrawal, Michael Faulx, Venugopal Menon, Samir R Kapadia, Brian P Griffin, Stephen G Ellis, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for many cardiovascular conditions such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke. However, the association of OSA with outcomes in patients hospitalized for ST-elevation myocardial infarction remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the nation-wide inpatient sample between 2003 and 2011 to identify patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and then used the International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification code 327...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart%C3%A2-disease-in-u-s-adults
#2
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726979/chronic-disease-registries-trends-and-challenges
#3
Joachim Schüz, Michael Fored
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial is an introduction to the focus theme of "chronic disease registries - trends and challenges". METHODS: A call for papers was announced on the website of Methods of Information in Medicine in April 2016 with submission deadline in September 2016. A peer review process was established to select the papers for the focus theme, managed by two guest editors. RESULTS: Three papers were selected to be included in the focus theme...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726652/investigation-of-bone-mineralization-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-complicated-by-chronic-heart-failure-stage-ii-a
#4
I Krynytska, M Marushchak, T Zaets, I Savchenko, H Habor
The majority of the studies have shown that individuals with cardiovascular diseases have a higher risk of experiencing bone loss and thus greater predisposition to risk of fracture. On the other hand there is growing evidence that individuals with low bone mass have higher mortality for cardiovascular events compared to patients with cardiovascular disease with normal bone mass. This research aims to investigate bone mineralization in patients with coronary heart disease complicated by stage II-A chronic heart failure...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722454/-chronic-urticaria-new-views-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-disease
#5
Dana Prusíková
Interest in chronic urticaria has grown in recent years, largely owing to the advent of new modes treatment especially in the form of the biologic preparation omalizumab. New scientific and clinical findings have not only facilitated a more comprehensive view of the disease but have streamlined the classification and diagnostic approach as well. Diagnostics are no longer burdened by cumbersome and lengthy investigative procedures into the etiology of urticaria, but are much more rapid and targeted bringing about more timely relief of the patient's symptoms...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721980/risk-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-celiac-disease-population
#6
Rama D Gajulapalli, Deepak J Pattanshetty
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease (CD), a chronic autoimmune condition, is associated with systemic inflammation capable of causing extra intestinal manifestations. Chronic inflammatory process has been implicated in the pathogenesis of accelerated atherosclerosis. Studies examining the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with CD are lacking. We evaluated the prevalence of CAD in patients with CD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic health records from different health care systems were obtained utilizing a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant, patient de-identified web application...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721145/increased-plasma-concentrations-of-interleukin-35-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Paulina Gorzelak-Pabiś, Maciej Chalubinski, Katarzyna Wojdan, Emilia Luczak, Iwona Duraj, Monika Mozdzan, Marlena Broncel
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis leading to coronary artery disease (CAD) is a chronic inflammatory condition. Interleukin 35 (IL-35) released by regulatory T cells (Tregs) has been found to be associated with CAD in the Chinese population. However, nothing is known about the relation between IL-35 concentrations and cholesterol levels. The aim of the study was to assess the levels of IL-35 in CAD patients and healthy subjects from a Caucasian population, and to analyze the relationship between IL-35 and the levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), sex and postmenopausal status...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720557/comparing-mobile-health-strategies-to-improve-medication-adherence-for-veterans-with-coronary-heart-disease-mobile4meds-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Linda G Park, Eileen G Collins, Janet K Shim, Mary A Whooley
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiplatelet medications is critical to prevent life threatening complications (ie, stent thrombosis) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), yet rates of nonadherence range from 21-57% by 12 months. Mobile interventions delivered via text messaging or mobile apps represent a practical and inexpensive strategy to promote behavior change and enhance medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: The Mobile4Meds study seeks to determine whether text messaging or a mobile app, compared with an educational website control provided to all Veterans, can improve adherence to antiplatelet therapy among patients following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or PCI...
July 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718249/frequency-of-undiagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Raza Ullah, Shahid Salam, Tahir Ghaffar, Rahim Muhammad, Imran Khan
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD) is considered as risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) along with other risk factors. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pulmonology and Cardiology wards/OPD's of Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Patients more than 35 years of age, diagnosed with CAD of either gender were included...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716335/management-of-chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-in-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-medical-therapy
#10
Mony Shuvy, Feng Qiu, Alyssandra Chee-A-Tow, John J Graham, Wael Abuzeid, Christopher Buller, Bradley H Strauss, Harindra C Wijeysundera
Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in approximately 20% of angiograms. We sought to assess the variation in the management of patients with CTOs and to compare the clinical outcomes of CTO lesions with those of non-CTO lesions. We conducted a population-based cohort study and included all patients with stable angina who underwent cardiac catheterization from October 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality and hospitalization for myocardial infarction...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716059/major-adverse-cardiac-events-and-mortality-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Chakshu Gupta, Guang Ma Xu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to systematically compare Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACEs) and mortality following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in patients with and without Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD) through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic databases (Cochrane library, EMBASE and Medline/PubMed) were searched for English publications comparing in-hospital and long-term MACEs and mortality following PCI in patients with a past medical history of COPD...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715823/myeloperoxidase-activity-and-oxidized-amino-acids-as-biomarkers-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Kumar Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713825/the-serum-analysis-of-dampness-syndrome-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-chronic-renal-failure-based-on-the-theory-of-same-syndromes-in-different-diseases
#13
Yiming Hao, Xue Yuan, Peng Qian, Guanfeng Bai, Yiqin Wang
AIM: To analyze the serum metabolites in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) showing dampness syndrome and patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) showing dampness syndrome and to seek the substance that serves as the underlying basis of dampness syndrome in "same syndromes in different diseases." Methods. Metabolic spectrum by GC-MS was performed using serum samples from 29 patients with CHD showing dampness syndrome and 32 patients with CRF showing dampness syndrome. The principal component analysis and statistical analysis of partial least squares were performed to detect the metabolites with different levels of expression in patients with CHD and CRF...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712580/single-dose-del-nido-cardioplegia-in-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-surgery
#14
Daniel Ziazadeh, Regina Mater, Ben Himelhoch, Andrew Borgman, Jessica L Parker, Charles L Willekes, Tomasz A Timek
BACKGROUND: The del Nido cardioplegia (DC) procedure offers prolonged cardiac protection with single-dose administration and has proven safe in adult coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. We set out to evaluate the efficacy of cardiac protection and clinical outcomes of DC versus standard blood cardioplegia (BC) in minimally invasive aortic valve surgery. METHODS: Between August 2011 and May 2016, 178 patients underwent minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (AVR) with BC (n = 101) or DC (n = 77)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711889/-peculiarities-of-primary-health-care-organization-for-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-jointly-with-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Любов Й Власик, Ганна Я Ступницька, Анастасія Л Сухолотюк
INTRODUCTION: Combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) leads to some difficulties for diagnostics and for prescription of complex differential treatment as well as increasings risk of complications from the illness and drug's side effects. AIM: To develope peculiarities of Primary Health Care (PHC) organisation for patients suffering from COPD jointly with CHD; and to improve the patients surveillance for optimization of early diagnosis of named join pathology and well-timed prescription of appropriate health-promoting treatment...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711332/predictors-of-operating-room-extubation-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#16
Kathirvel Subramaniam, Diana S DeAndrade, Daniel R Mandell, Andrew D Althouse, Rajan Manmohan, Stephen A Esper, Jeffrey M Varga, Vinay Badhwar
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to identify perioperative factors associated with successful immediate extubation in the operating room after adult cardiac surgery. The secondary objective was to derive a simplified predictive scoring system to guide clinicians in operating room extubation. METHODS: All 1518 patients in this retrospective cohort study underwent standardized fast-track cardiac anesthetic protocol during adult cardiac surgery. Perioperative variables between patients who had successful extubation in the operating room versus in the intensive care unit were retrospectively analyzed using both univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709443/severity-of-acute-gastrointestinal-injury-grade-is-a-predictor-of-all-cause-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#17
Bangchuan Hu, Renhua Sun, Aiping Wu, Yin Ni, Jingquan Liu, Feng Guo, Lijun Ying, Guoping Ge, Aijun Ding, Yunchao Shi, Changwen Liu, Lei Xu, Ronglin Jiang, Jun Lu, Ronghai Lin, Yannan Zhu, Weidong Wu, Bo Xie
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine proposed a definition for acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) based on current medical evidence and expert opinion. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of using the current AGI grading system and to investigate the association between AGI severity grades with clinical outcome in critically ill patients. METHODS: Adult patients at 14 general intensive care units (ICUs) with an expected ICU stay ≥24 h were prospectively studied...
July 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708039/comparison-of-endothelial-function-in-healthy-chronic-periodontitis-and-myocardial-infarction-patients
#18
Anahita Punj, Santhosh B Shenoy, Subramanyam K
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory burden as a result of severe periodontal disease acts as an insult to the endothelium. This disruption in the function of the endothelium, predisposes it towards formation of atherosclerotic plaque, which may be a subsequent risk for coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare endothelial function via flow mediated dilation (FMD) assessment in periodontal health and disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients were selected and categorized equally into three groups of healthy, chronic periodontitis and myocardial infarction patients...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707308/baseline-anemia-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-after-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-paradox-of-high-bleeding-risk-high-ischemic-risk-and-complex-coronary-disease
#19
Khaled Yazji, Fairoz Abdul, Senthil Elangovan, Muhammad Z Ul Haq, Nick Ossei-Gerning, Keith Morris, Richard Anderson, Tim Kinnaird
OBJECTIVES: To define more clearly the associations between baseline anemia, bleeding/ischemia risk, coronary disease severity, and outcomes by revascularization completeness. BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with adverse outcomes in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Data was sourced from hospital databases for patients admitted with an ACS to a single center between 2011 and 2014. Using WHO anemia criteria, 468 (26...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706597/an-infrequent-cause-of-apical-ventricular-aneurysm-in-the-united-states
#20
Mohammed M Taleb
Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) is a late complication of Chagas disease with various manifestations including arrhythmia, heart failure, thromboembolism, and stroke. In a patient with symptoms of heart failure and left ventricular apical aneurysm unexplained by structural heart or coronary vascular abnormalities, CCC should be strongly considered and inquiry made about exposure status. Typical electrocardiographic findings of bundle branch block, complete heart blocks, and ventricular arrhythmia are helpful clues...
April 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
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