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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915443/successful-combination-of-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-and-balloon-dilatation-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-an-older-child-a-novel-procedure
#1
Satoshi Yokoyama, Shiro Uyama, Hiroyoshi Iwagami, Yukitaka Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction beyond infancy. Ramstedt pyloromyotomy remains the gold standard treatment for HPS. This type of HPS can be managed successfully with pyloromyotomy under laparoscopic or open procedures. Endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation (EPBD) has not been recommended in the treatment of HPS, and there are only a small number of reported cases who had had successful endoscopic pyloromyotomy (EP) for HPS only in infants...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913077/pyloric-obstruction-secondary-to-epicardial-pacemaker-implantation-a-case-report
#2
G Bedoya Nader, H B Kellihan, D E Bjorling, J McAnulty
A 10-year old Lhasa Apso dog was presented for an acute history of exercise intolerance and hind limb weakness. High grade second degree atrioventricular block with an atrial rate of 200 beats per minute, ventricular rate of 40 beats per minute and an intermittent ventricular escape rhythm, was diagnosed on electrocardiograph. A transdiaphragmatic, unipolar, epicardial pacemaker was implanted without immediate surgical complications. Severe vomiting was noted 12 h post-operatively. Abdominal ultrasound and a barium study supported a diagnosis of pyloric outflow obstruction and exploratory abdominal surgery was performed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911065/-gastric-tube-esophagoplasty-using-the-retroesternal-route-in-children
#3
L García Martínez, J A Molino Gahete, S Redecillas Ferreiro, E Bordón Cabrera, J Bueno Recio, G Guillén Burrieza, C Giné Prades, A Lara Valtueña, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal replacement is a surgical alternative once native esophagus can't be preserved. Different organs and routes for the replacement have been described, being the retroesternal route the least used. The aim is to present our results using gastric tube esophagoplasty with a retroesternal approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study of 11 patients operated from 2000 to 2015. Median age at surgery was 2.2 years (5 months-9 years) and median weight was 11...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904579/comparison-of-pyloromyotomy-pyloric-buginage-and-intact-pylorus-on-gastric-drainage-in-gastric-pull-up-surgery-after-esophagectomy
#4
Gholamreza Mohajeri, Seyed Abbas Tabatabaei, Seyed Mozafar Hashemi, Hamidreza Hemmati
BACKGROUND: There are controversies regarding the usefulness of the pyloric drainage methods after esophagectomy as well as differences among various pyloric drainage techniques. Therefore, we compared the outcome of pyloromyotomy, pylorus buginage, and no intervention methods on gastric emptying among patients undergone esophagectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, patients with diagnosed esophageal cancer or any other benign lesions candidate for esophagectomy were selected...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896151/alimentary-tract-atresias-associated-with-anorectal-malformations-10-years-experience
#5
Manoj Saha
Anorectal malformation (ARM) is one of the most common congenital anomaly that requires emergency surgery in the neonatal period. ARMs are frequently associated with other life threatening congenital anomalies. Commonly associated anomalies are genito-urinary, cardiovascular, gastro-intestinal, skeletal and spinal. Alimentary tract anomalies are frequently masked by the intestinal obstruction produced by the anorectal atresia. This retrospective study was carried out to find out the incidence of associated alimentary tract atresias with ARM...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895400/esophagogastric-anastomosis-in-rats-improved-healing-by-bpc-157-and-l-arginine-aggravated-by-l-name
#6
Zeljko Djakovic, Ivka Djakovic, Vedran Cesarec, Goran Madzarac, Tomislav Becejac, Goran Zukanovic, Domagoj Drmic, Lovorka Batelja, Anita Zenko Sever, Danijela Kolenc, Alen Pajtak, Nikica Knez, Mladen Japjec, Kresimir Luetic, Dinko Stancic-Rokotov, Sven Seiwerth, Predrag Sikiric
AIM: To cure typically life-threatening esophagogastric anastomosis in rats, lacking anastomosis healing and sphincter function rescue, in particular. METHODS: Because we assume esophagogastric fistulas represent a particular NO-system disability, we attempt to identify the benefits of anti-ulcer stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157, which was in trials for ulcerative colitis and currently for multiple sclerosis, in rats with esophagocutaneous fistulas. Previously, BPC 157 therapies have promoted the healing of intestinal anastomosis and fistulas, and esophagitis and gastric lesions, along with rescued sphincter function...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874944/rupture-of-liver-abscess-following-hepatogastric-fistula-caused-by-perforation-of-remnant-gastric-carcinoma-a-case-report
#7
L-M Qian, J-G Ge, J-M Huang
OBJECTIVE: We report the case of a 73-year-old man, with a history of proximal subtotal gastrectomy, who suffered acute abdominal symptoms and signs. Laparotomy showed rupture of liver abscess and hepatogastric fistula formation caused by perforation of remnant stomach. CASE REPORT: Residual stomach resection, incision and drainage of liver abscess were performed, and the patient was smoothly discharged from hospital nineteen days after the emergency operation. RESULTS: The final pathology confirmed the remnant gastric adenocarcinoma...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857647/nutrition-chez-le-br%C3%A3-l%C3%A3
#8
G Perro
Nutrition is a challenge for burn patients. Emphasized points are early enteral amounts by means of a naso-gastric tube, semi-recumbent position > 30°, gastro-intestinal survey improved by kinetics, weight evolution, nutritional amounts assessment to prevent proteino-energetic deficiency. Feeding is difficult with children, as with seniors often associating a preexisting starvation. Nutritional supplements are useful in medium severity patients. For overweight patients, hypo caloric and hyperprotidic diet is the better choice...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855150/a-novel-missense-mutation-in-the-transcription-factor-foxf1-co-segregating-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-the-extended-pedigree-linked-to-ihps5-on-chromosome-16q24
#9
Kate V Everett, Paris Ataliotis, Barry A Chioza, Charles Shaw-Smith, Eddie Mk Chung
BACKGROUND: The aim was to identify susceptibility alleles for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in a pedigree previously linked to IHPS5 on chromosome 16q24. METHODS: We screened the positional and functional candidate gene FOXF1 by Sanger sequencing in a single affected individual. All family members for whom DNA was available were genotyped to determine co-segregation status of the putative causal variant. Immunofluorescence studies were performed to compare the cellular localisation of wildtype and mutant form of the protein...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837525/a-case-report-of-curative-distal-gastrectomy-for-stage-iv-gastric-cancer-after-chemoradiotherapy-in-a-patient-with-a-gastrojejunal-gastric-bypass
#10
Masataka Shimonosono, Sumiya Ishigami, Takaaki Arigami, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yasuto Uchikado, Yoshiaki Kita, Yuko Kijima, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yuko Mataki, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
BACKGROUND: Advanced gastric cancer in the lower third of the stomach often results in stricture of the gastric cavity and digestive symptoms. Gastrojejunostomy has been suggested to improve such symptoms, and the advent of new anticancer agents for gastric cancer has improved the response rate of the disease, which makes it possible to perform R0 gastrectomy in part of patients with stage IV gastric cancer. We experienced a rare case in which a patient with stage IV gastric cancer and cancerous pyloric stenosis was treated with R0 surgery after undergoing a gastrojejunal bypass procedure and multidisciplinary treatment...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835805/perforated-duodenal-diverticulum-case-report
#11
Julie Glener, Stephenie Poris, Brandon Foles, Rhonda Harmon
INTRODUCTION: The duodenum is the second most common location of intestinal diverticula following the colon (Juler et al., 1969) [1]. Only 1-5% of patients with duodenal diverticula become symptomatic (Oukachbi, 2013) [2]. The least common but most serious complication of duodenal diverticula is perforation, which has a mortality rate of 20% (Oukachbi, 2013; Yin et al., 2001; Song, 2015; Schnueriger et al., 2008) [2-5]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 65year old female presented with sudden onset periumbilical and epigastric pain...
October 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829521/a-randomized-trial-to-assess-advancement-of-enteral-feedings-following-surgery-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#12
Troy A Markel, Melissa R Scott, Samantha M Stokes, Alan P Ladd
PURPOSE: The rate of feeding advancement following surgery for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) affects length of stay. We hypothesized that: 1) a relaxed feeding regimen following pyloromyotomy would allow infants to achieve feeding goals more quickly without affecting postoperative emesis, and 2) preoperative metabolic derangements would impair the ability to advance feedings following pyloromyotomy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized trial compared two postoperative feeding methods...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822237/the-superiority-of-paracostal-endoscopic-assisted-gastropexy-over-open-incisional-and-belt-loop-gastropexy-in-dogs-a-comparison-of-three-prophylactic-techniques
#13
A Tavakoli, M Mahmoodifard, A H Razavifard
Prophylactic gastropexy is a procedure that prevents the occurrence of a life threatening condition known as gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV) in dogs. The objective of this study was to compare incisional, belt loop and minimally invasive endoscopically assisted gastropexy by evaluating different parameters such as surgical time, length of scar and score of pain in dogs. Twenty-one healthy, mixed-breed adult dogs weighting 14.3 ± 2.6 kg were randomly divided into three groups. Three gastropexy techniques applied in the following order: incisional (group I), belt loop (group B), and endoscopically assisted gastropexy (group E)...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815708/preserving-infrapyloric-vein-reduces-postoperative-gastric-stasis-after-laparoscopic-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy
#14
Takashi Kiyokawa, Naoki Hiki, Souya Nunobe, Michitaka Honda, Manabu Ohashi, Takeshi Sano
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LPPG) is performed to preserve function in treating early gastric cancer. However, gastric stasis is a potential complication of LPPG that could decrease postoperative quality of life, possibly due to gastric edema of the pyloric cuff caused by venous stasis. We introduced an infrapyloric vein (IPV)-preserving LPPG (iLPPG) procedure to prevent pyloric cuff edema and thus minimize the incidence of gastric stasis and investigated the early clinical outcomes of iLPPG...
November 4, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815276/genome-dynamics-and-molecular-infection-epidemiology-of-multi-drug-resistant-helicobacter-pullorum-isolates-obtained-from-broiler-and-country-chickens-in-india
#15
Shamsul Qumar, Mohammad Majid, Narender Kumar, Sumeet K Tiwari, Torsten Semmler, Savita Devi, Ramani Baddam, Arif Hussain, Sabiha Shaik, Niyaz Ahmed
: Some of the life-threatening, foodborne, and zoonotic infections are transmitted through poultry birds. Inappropriate and indiscriminate use of antimicrobials in livestock industry has led to increased prevalence of multidrug resistant bacteria of epidemic potentials. Herein, we present the functional molecular epidemiological analysis entailing phenotypic as well as whole genome sequence based characterization of eleven H. pullorum isolates from broiler and free range chickens sampled from retail wet markets of Hyderabad city in India...
November 4, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813154/epidermolysis-bullosa-with-pyloric-atresia-and-significant-urologic-involvement
#16
Gregory D Walker, Meghan Woody, Elizabeth Orrin, Jemima E Mellerio, Moise L Levy
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a rare inherited disease that causes epidermal fragility, blistering, and erosions. EB results from a variety of mutations in proteins of the skin and mucous membranes of the body. Mutations in plectin a protein involved in hemidesmosome integrity and function, are associated with subtypes of EB, including EB with pyloric atresia and EB with muscular dystrophy. We present two cases of EB with significant urologic involvement resulting from mutations in plectin.
November 4, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803770/update-on-endoscopic-management-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Hsun-Chin Chao
Endoscopic balloon dilatation (EBD) and surgical intervention are two most common and effective treatments for gastric outlet obstruction. Correction of gastric outlet obstruction without the need for surgery is an issue that has been tried to be resolved in these decades; this management has developed with EBD, advanced treatments like local steroid injection, electrocauterization, and stent have been added recently. The most common causes of pediatric gastric outlet obstruction are idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, peptic ulcer disease followed by the ingestion of caustic substances, stenosis secondary to surgical anastomosis; antral web, duplication cyst, ectopic pancreas, and other rare conditions...
October 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790462/antiulcer-activity-of-ethanolic-extract-of-salvadora-indica-w-leaves-on-albino-rats
#18
Saroj Kumar Sahoo, Himanshu Bhusan Sahoo, D Priyadarshini, G Soundarya, Ch Kishore Kumar, K Usha Rani
BACKGROUND: Ulcer can be developed inside the inner lining of the stomach (gastric ulcer) or the small intestine (duodenal ulcer). Both the ulcers are also cumulatively referred as peptic ulcers. It affects nearly 10% of world population. AIM: To investigate the antiulcer activity of ethanolic extract of Salvadora indica W. leaves (ESIL) on albino rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was carried by pylorus ligation, ethanol and cysteamine induced ulcer models in albino rats...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785323/increased-expression-of-pyloric-er%C3%AE-is-associated-with-diabetic-gastroparesis-in-streptozotocin-induced-male-diabetic-rats
#19
Stephen Crimmins, Rebecca Smiley, Kerry Preston, Amy Yau, Richard Mccallum, Mohammed Showkat Ali
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a significant co-morbidity affecting up to 50% of patients with diabetes and is disproportionately found in women. Prior studies have suggested that loss of interstitial cells of Cajal, hyperglycemia, and nitric oxide dysfunction are potential causes of gastroparesis. Since diabetic gastroparesis affects more women than men, we performed an exploratory study with a diabetic rat model to determine if sex hormone signaling is altered in those where gastroparesis develops...
June 2016: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784838/pyloric-localisation-in-57-dogs-of-breeds-susceptible-to-gastric-dilatation-volvulus-in-the-uk-using-computed-tomography
#20
A W Tomlinson, S M Lillis, A J German, R D Burrow
OBJECTIVE: Describe the location of the pylorus using CT in dog breeds susceptible to gastric dilatation-volvulus in the UK. METHODS: Descriptive anatomical study. Abdominal CT scans of 57 client-owned dogs were reviewed to assess pyloric position relative to the 9th, 10th, 11th and 13th ribs and 2 and 3 cm caudal to the 13th rib at the 8, 9 and 10 o'clock positions. The angle of the pylorus from the centre of the abdominal cavity relative to the sagittal plane was also determined...
October 26, 2016: Veterinary Record
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