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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#1
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334306/learning-science-as-a-potential-new-source-of-understanding-and-improvement-for-continuing-education-and-continuing-professional-development
#2
Thomas J Van Hoof, Terrence J Doyle
Learning science is an emerging interdisciplinary field that offers educators key insights about what happens in the brain when learning occurs. In addition to explanations about the learning process, which includes memory and involves different parts of the brain, learning science offers effective strategies to inform the planning and implementation of activities and programs in continuing education and continuing professional development. This article provides a brief description of learning, including the three key steps of encoding, consolidation and retrieval...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334178/factors-associated-with-perceived-accuracy-of-the-undetectable%C3%A2-%C3%A2-untransmittable-slogan-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implications-for-messaging-scale-up-and-implementation
#3
H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has shown high efficacy of HIV treatment for reducing the risk of HIV transmission to sexual partners. As the efficacy of treatment as prevention (TasP) has proliferated, a new messaging campaign, Undetectable = Untransmittable, has been gaining popularity. The purpose of this paper was to assess factors associated with the perceived accuracy of this TasP messaging strategy among a large and diverse sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in order to inform subsequent efforts at large-scale and implementation of the HIV prevention message...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333882/vaginoplasty-what-s-new-from-1946-to-date-commentary-on-vaginoplasty-with-acellular-dermal-matrix-after-radical-resection-for-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#4
Roberto Cuomo, Luca Grimaldi, Cesare Brandi, Andrea Sisti, Giuseppe Nisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333730/day-to-day-mastery-and-self-efficacy-changes-during-a-smoking-quit-attempt-two-studies
#5
Lisa M Warner, Gertraud Stadler, Janina Lüscher, Nina Knoll, Sibylle Ochsner, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz
OBJECTIVE: In social-cognitive theory, it is hypothesized that mastery experiences (successfully implementing behaviour change) are a source of self-efficacy, and self-efficacy increases the opportunity for experiencing mastery. Vicarious experiences (seeing others succeed) are suggested as another source of self-efficacy. However, the hypothesis of this reciprocal relationship has not been tested using a day-to-day design. DESIGN: This article reports findings from two intensive longitudinal studies, testing the reciprocal relationship of self-efficacy and its two main sources within the naturally occurring process of quitting smoking (without intervention)...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333562/have-you-ever-googled-a-patient-or-been-friended-by-a-patient-social-media-intersects-the-practice-of-genetic-counseling
#6
NinaMarie F Omaggio, Maria J Baker, Laura J Conway
Patients and healthcare providers are becoming increasingly connected via social media, bringing new opportunities and challenges. Direct connection can occur between patients and providers using online tools such as Facebook and LinkedIn. In addition, providers can gather information about patients using a search engine such as Google, referred to as patient-targeted Googling (PTG). An online 54-item survey was used to gain information on (1) how and to what extent genetic counseling students and genetic counselors connect directly with patients via social media sites, and (2) gather information on providers using PTG...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333473/charge-migration-and-charge-transfer-in-molecular-systems
#7
REVIEW
Hans Jakob Wörner, Christopher A Arrell, Natalie Banerji, Andrea Cannizzo, Majed Chergui, Akshaya K Das, Peter Hamm, Ursula Keller, Peter M Kraus, Elisa Liberatore, Pablo Lopez-Tarifa, Matteo Lucchini, Markus Meuwly, Chris Milne, Jacques-E Moser, Ursula Rothlisberger, Grigory Smolentsev, Joël Teuscher, Jeroen A van Bokhoven, Oliver Wenger
The transfer of charge at the molecular level plays a fundamental role in many areas of chemistry, physics, biology and materials science. Today, more than 60 years after the seminal work of R. A. Marcus, charge transfer is still a very active field of research. An important recent impetus comes from the ability to resolve ever faster temporal events, down to the attosecond time scale. Such a high temporal resolution now offers the possibility to unravel the most elementary quantum dynamics of both electrons and nuclei that participate in the complex process of charge transfer...
November 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332030/what-is-a-more-effective-method-of-cranio-cervical-flexion-exercises
#8
Junhyung Park, Do-Heung Ko, Jingang Her, Jihea Woo
BACKGROUND: Cranio-cervical flexion exercise (CCFE) is a representative exercise that activates the deep muscles of neck pain patients. However, there are a lack of studies that propose specific exercise methods to examine the more effective activity level of the deep cervical flexor. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to propose a more effective exercise method through effect comparison based on an optimal degree of mouth-opening, a mouth-open versus mouth-closed position, eye gaze, and body position change during CCFE...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331709/what-do-the-genetic-association-data-say-about-the-high-risk-of-suicide-in-people-with-depression-a-novel-network-based-approach-to-find-common-molecular-basis-for-depression-and-suicidal-behavior-and-related-therapeutic-targets
#9
Ali Bozorgmehr, Fatemeh Alizadeh, Sattar Norouzi Ofogh, Mohammad Reza Abdollahzadeh Hamzekalayi, Sara Herati, Atefeh Moradkhani, Ali Shahbazi, Mohammad Ghadirivasfi
BACKGROUND: Available sources indicate that the risk of suicide in people with major depression is higher than other psychiatric disorders. Although it seems that these two conditions may have a shared cause in some cases, no studies have been conducted to identify a common basis for them. METHODS: In this study, following an extensive review of literature, we found almost all the genes that are involved in major depression and suicidal behavior, and we isolated genes shared between the two conditions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331630/mrna-function-after-intracellular-delivery-and-release
#10
Vladimir P Zhdanov
Nanocarrier-mediated mRNA delivery and release into the cells with subsequent translation to protein is of interest in the context of the development of a new generation of drugs. In particular, this protein can play a role of a transcription factor and be used as a tool to regulate temporarily the genetic networks. The corresponding transient kinetics of gene expression are expected to depend on the mechanism and duration of mRNA release. Assuming the release to be rapid on the time scale of other steps, the author shows theoretically the mRNA-related transient features of gene expression occurring in stable, bistable, and oscillatory regimes in a single cell...
January 10, 2018: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331616/paediatric-video-laryngoscopy-and-airway-management-what-s-the-clinical-evidence
#11
Xue Fu-Shan, Liu Ya-Yang, Li Hui-Xian, Yang Gui-Zhen
The major complications of paediatric airway management are uncommon, but the outcomes are often severe. Over the last decade, additions and advancements in the devices and technology have significantly improved our ability to manage difficult paediatric airways safely. Videolaryngoscopy involves the use of video and optical technology to facilitate indirect visualisation of the larynx during intubation and has been seen as an evolutionary step in intubation technology. Over the past few years, video laryngoscopes have been receiving plenty of attention as new airway devices for use in paediatric patients...
January 10, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331450/mapping-stimulus-feature-selectivity-in-macaque-v1-by-two-photon-ca2-imaging-encoding-model-analysis-of-fluorescence-responses-to-natural-movies
#12
REVIEW
Koji Ikezoe, Mahya Amano, Shinji Nishimoto, Ichiro Fujita
In vivo calcium (Ca2+) imaging using two-photon microscopy allows activity to be monitored simultaneously from hundreds of individual neurons within a local population. While this allows us to gain important insights into how cortical neurons represent sensory information, factors such as photo-bleaching of the Ca2+ indicator limit imaging duration (and thus the numbers of stimuli that can be tested), which in turn hampers the full characterization of neuronal response properties. Here, we demonstrate that using an encoding model combined with presentation of natural movies results in detailed characterization of receptive field (RF) properties despite the relatively short time for data collection...
January 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330240/structured-management-of-chronic-nonmalignant-pain-with-opioids-in-a-rural-primary-care-office
#13
Kevin S McCann, Shawndra Barker, Raymond Cousins, Adam Franks, Clinton McDaniel, Stephen Petrany, Eric Riley
INTRODUCTION: The use of opioid medication for nonmalignant chronic pain (NMCP) increased dramatically during the last 20 years. There have been regulatory changes implemented to reduce the risk of harm to both patients and society. Much of the burden of monitoring these patients is falling on primary care physicians (PCPs), who do not have the time or resources to handle what is entailed in a best-practice approach to NMCP. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with all patients on opioid medication for NMCP who were enrolled onto an individual PCP's practice...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330132/an-overview-of-the-safety-pharmacology-society-strategic-plan
#14
M K Pugsley, S Authier, J E Koerner, W S Redfern, C G Markgraf, T Brabham, K Correll, M V Soloviev, A Botchway, M Engwall, M Traebert, J-P Valentin, T J Mow, A Greiter-Wilke, D J Leishman, H M Vargas
Safety Pharmacology studies are conducted to characterize the confidence by which biologically active new chemical entities (NCE) may be anticipated as safe. Non-clinical safety pharmacology studies aim to detect and characterize potentially undesirable pharmacodynamic activities using an array of in silico, in vitro and in vivo animal models. While a broad spectrum of methodological innovation and advancement of the science occurs within the Safety Pharmacology Society, the society also focuses on partnerships with health authorities and technology providers and facilitates interaction with organizations of common interest such as pharmacology, physiology, neuroscience, cardiology and toxicology...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329935/tick-borne-pathogen-detection-what-s-new
#15
Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Gilbert Greub
Ticks and the pathogens they transmit constitute a growing burden for human and animal health worldwide. Traditionally, tick-borne pathogen detection has been carried out using PCR-based methods that rely in known sequences for specific primers design. This approach matches with the view of a 'single-pathogen' epidemiology. Recent results, however, have stressed the importance of coinfections in pathogen ecology and evolution with impact in pathogen transmission and disease severity. New approaches, including high-throughput technologies, were then used to detect multiple pathogens, but they all need a priori information on the pathogens to search...
January 9, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329234/poor-people-are-hospitalized-three-times-more-for-mental-health-services-than-the-non-poor-in-central-valley-california
#16
Gyanesh Lama, Emmanuel Alcala, John A Capitman
Introduction: Providing health insurance to the poor has become a standard policy response to health disparities between the poor and the non-poor. It is often assumed that if the poor people are given health insurance, they will use preventative care, which will prevent more expensive emergency visits and inpatient hospitalization, and in turn, it will save healthcare cost in the long run. This paper presents the findings from our study in California about what happens to the poor when they are given health insurance...
January 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329170/what-s-new-in-shock-february-2018
#17
Lorrie A Langdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329025/the-midwifery-services-framework-the-process-of-implementation
#18
Andrea Nove, Nester T Moyo, Martha Bokosi, Shantanu Garg
In 2015, the International Confederation of Midwives launched the Midwifery Services Framework: a new evidence-based tool to guide countries through the process of improving their sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health services through strengthening and developing the midwifery workforce. The Midwifery Services Framework is aligned with key global architecture for sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health and human resources for health, and with the recommendations of the 2014 Lancet Series on Midwifery...
December 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327140/children-s-experiences-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#19
REVIEW
Lauren S H Chong, Dominic A Fitzgerald, Jonathan C Craig, Karine E Manera, Camilla S Hanson, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer, Nadine A Kasparian, Allison Tong
We aimed to describe the experiences of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Electronic databases were searched until August 2016. Qualitative studies of children's perspectives on CHD were included. Data was extracted using thematic synthesis. From 44 studies from 12 countries involving 995 children, we identified 6 themes: disrupting normality (denying the diagnosis, oscillating between sickness and health, destabilizing the family dynamic), powerlessness in deteriorating health (preoccupation with impending mortality, vulnerability to catastrophic complications, exhaustion from medical testing), enduring medical ordeals (traumatized by invasive procedures, disappointed by treatment failure, displaced by transition, valuing empathy and continuity in care, overcoming uncertainty with information), warring with the body (losing stamina, distressing inability to participate in sport, distorted body image, testing the limits), hampering potential and goals (feeling disabled, unfair judgment and exclusion, difficulties with academic achievement, limiting attainment and maintenance of life milestones), and establishing one's own pace (demarcating disease from life, determination to survive, taking limitations in their stride, embracing the positives, finding personal enrichment, relying on social or spiritual support)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327139/galectin-3-levels-relate-in-children-to-total-body-fat-abdominal-fat-body-fat-distribution-and-cardiac-size
#20
Magnus Dencker, Daniel Arvidsson, Magnus K Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Lars B Andersen, Ola Thorsson
Galectin-3 has recently been proposed as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular disease in adults. The purpose of this investigation was to assess relationships between galectin-3 levels and total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood pressure, left ventricular mass, left atrial size, and increase in body fat over a 2-year period in a population-based sample of children. Our study included 170 children aged 8-11 years. Total fat mass and abdominal fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
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