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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548709/-polka-dot-macrophages-on-cytology-of-bilateral-adrenal-masses-nailing-disseminated-histoplasmosis
#1
Sumit Grover, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Neena Sood, Ridhi Sood, Harpreet Kaur
Histoplasma capsulatum is a saprophytic fungus that in immunocompetent individuals causes self-limited pulmonary infection; however, in immunosuppressed patients involvement of the reticuloendothelial system, alimentary tract, urinary tract, and central nervous system is fairly common. Rarely patients present with bilateral adrenal masses which mimic tuberculosis and metastasis on radiology because of associated central necrosis. Ultrasound guided FNAC aided by special stains like Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS) and Gomori Methenamine Silver (GMS) may help in early diagnosis in such dubious cases...
May 26, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547956/pap-smears-in-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-does-it-have-a-role
#2
Asma Nadaf, Hephzibah Rani, Parinitha S S, Ravikala Rao, Dinesh Shastri
Background: Historically the conventional Pap smear has been an effective screening tool for Carcinoma cervix. However the reporting of benign and malignant endometrial cells on Pap smear has remained controversial. There are very few studies addressing the utility of Pap smears in diagnosing endometrial carcinomas. Objective: To rescreen the Pap smears of patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma for the detection of normal/ atypical endometrial cells and to correlate with clinico-pathological parameters. Methods: The present study was carried out at SDM College of Medical Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India for a period of 7 years...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546878/effects-of-medicare-coverage-of-a-welcome-to-medicare-visit-on-use-of-preventive-services-among-new-medicare-enrollees
#3
Boon Peng Ng, Gail A Jensen, Heather Fritz
In January 2005, Medicare began covering a one-time initial preventive physical examination (IPPE), also called a "Welcome-to-Medicare" visit, during a beneficiary's first 6 months under Part B. This paper examines the effects of offering Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of mammograms, breast self-exams, Pap smears, prostate cancer screenings, cholesterol screenings, and flu vaccines among beneficiaries new to Part B. We adopt a difference-in-difference estimator and estimate a set of multivariate logit models to quantify the effects of introducing Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of preventive services...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542640/correction-the-high-prevalence-of-hpv-and-hpv16-european-variants-in-cervical-and-anal-samples-of-hiv-seropositive-women-with-normal-pap-test-results
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176422.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541229/deeppap-deep-convolutional-networks-for-cervical-cell-classification
#5
Ling Zhang, Le Lu, Isabella Nogues, Ronald Summers, Shaoxiong Liu, Jianhua Yao
Automation-assisted cervical screening via Pap smear or liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a highly effective cell imaging based cancer detection tool, where cells are partitioned into "abnormal" and "normal" categories. However, the success of most traditional classification methods relies on the presence of accurate cell segmentations. Despite sixty years of research in this field, accurate segmentation remains a challenge in the presence of cell clusters and pathologies. Moreover, previous classification methods are only built upon the extraction of hand-crafted features, such as morphology and texture...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540065/dynamic-and-quantitative-evaluation-of-degenerative-mitral-valve-disease-a-dedicated-framework-based-on-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Francesco Sturla, Francesco Onorati, Giovanni Puppini, Omar A Pappalardo, Matteo Selmi, Emiliano Votta, Giuseppe Faggian, Alberto Redaelli
BACKGROUND: Accurate quantification of mitral valve (MV) morphology and dynamic behavior over the cardiac cycle is crucial to understand the mechanisms of degenerative MV dysfunction and to guide the surgical intervention. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has progressively been adopted to evaluate MV pathophysiology, although a dedicated framework is required to perform a quantitative assessment of the functional MV anatomy. METHODS: We investigated MV dynamic behavior in subjects with normal MV anatomy (n=10) and patients referred to surgery due to degenerative MV prolapse, classified as fibro-elastic deficiency (FED, n=9) and Barlow's disease (BD, n=10)...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539875/trait-rumination-influences-neural-correlates-of-the-anticipation-but-not-the-consumption-phase-of-reward-processing
#7
Natália Kocsel, Edina Szabó, Attila Galambos, Andrea Édes, Dorottya Pap, Rebecca Elliott, Lajos R Kozák, György Bagdy, Gabriella Juhász, Gyöngyi Kökönyei
Cumulative evidence suggests that trait rumination can be defined as an abstract information processing mode, which leads people to constantly anticipate the likely impact of present events on future events and experiences. A previous study with remitted depressed patients suggested that enhanced rumination tendencies distort brain mechanisms of anticipatory processes associated with reward and loss cues. In the present study, we explored the impact of trait rumination on neural activity during reward and loss anticipation among never-depressed people...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538217/the-significance-of-glandular-cells-on-conventional-cervicovaginal-smears-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-coastal-india
#8
Pooja K Suresh, Hema Kini, Jessica Minal, Neha Dhavalpure, Sridevi H Basavaiah, Deepa S Adiga, Laveena Maben
INTRODUCTION: Glandular lesions of the female genital tract (FGT) are quite uncommon compared to squamous lesions. Their cytological diagnosis is difficult because of their architectural and cytological complexity, as well as the lack of experience of many cytopathologists in this field. The aim of this study was to determine the significance of Papanicolaou (Pap) smears in the diagnosis of glandular FGT lesions. METHODOLOGY: All Pap smears reported during the period of January 2012 to December 2013 were retrieved...
May 25, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534768/personalized-age-progression-with-bi-level-aging-dictionary-learning
#9
Xiangbo Shu, Jinhui Tang, Zechao Li, Hanjiang Lai, Liyan Zhang, Shuicheng Yan
Age progression is defined as aesthetically re-rendering the aging face at any future age for an individual face. In this work, we aim to automatically render aging faces in a personalized way. Basically, for each age group, we learn an aging dictionary to reveal its aging characteristics (e.g., wrinkles), where the dictionary bases corresponding to the same index yet from two neighboring aging dictionaries form a particular aging pattern cross these two age groups, and a linear combination of all these patterns expresses a particular personalized aging process...
May 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533992/ambulatory-heart-failure-monitoring-a-systemic-review
#10
REVIEW
Muhammad A Mangi, Hiba Rehman, Muhammad Rafique, Michael Illovsky
Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and has a large effect on the country's economy. Although there have been major advances in HF monitoring, including more advanced pharmacological management and device-based therapy, HF-related mortality remains high. It is important to monitor HF so that HF-related hospitalization and mortality can be prevented. Due to the lower sensitivity of clinical features and biochemical markers, as well as the failure of telemonitoring in early detection of HF, more advanced techniques have been sought to more accurately predict impending HF, in order to address timely pharmacological management and prevent heart failure hospitalization (HFH)...
April 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533903/using-paco2-values-to-grade-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-severity-a-retrospective-study
#11
Mario Francesco Damiani, Vito Antonio Falcone, Pierluigi Carratù, Cristina Scoditti, Elioda Bega, Silvano Dragonieri, Alfredo Scoditti, Onofrio Resta
BACKGROUND: To date, an important aspect that has still not been clarified is the assessment of OHS severity. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate whether grading OHS severity according to PaCO2 values may be useful in order to provide a more definite characterization and targeted management of patients. In this regard, baseline anthropometric and sleep polygraphic characteristics, treatment options, and follow up outcomes, were compared between OHS patients with different degree of severity (as assessed according to PaCO2 values)...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530319/-implementation-of-a-national-screening-program-for-detection-of-malignant-and-pre-malignant-cervical-morbidity-in-israel
#12
REVIEW
Ravit Bassal, Eduardo Schejter, Daniel Cohen, Lital Keinan-Boker
The natural development of cervical cancer, which takes many years, is mostly initiated by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) and is characterized by the development of precancerous lesions, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3), which are defined as abnormal changes in epithelial cells that cover the cervix surface. Since the pre-cancerous process is microscopic and asymptomatic, early detection is based on cytological screening, the Pap test. In Israel, Pap tests are performed based on selfreferral for testing and not within the framework of a national screening program because of the low incidence rate of cervical cancer in Israel...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530153/baseline-sleep-efficiency-and-arousal-index-do-not-predict-who-will-benefit-from-sedatives-in-improving-positive-airway-pressure-adherence-in-sleep-apnea-to-90
#13
R Bart Sangal
Positive airway pressure (PAP) is the preferred treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but adherence is low. Educational or ongoing supportive intervention improves the number of PAP adherent patients from the 50% to the 70% range. A common side effect of PAP is increased awakenings. This prospective trial examined baseline polysomnographically derived sleep efficiency and arousal index in PAP adherent and nonadherent patients, and in patients needing sedating medicines to attain PAP adherence versus those who did not need such medicines...
May 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530082/-cervical-cancer-in-israel-2016-facts-insights-and-thoughts-for-the-future
#14
REVIEW
Menahem Fisher, Eduardo Schejter, Ido Solt, Gad Renart
The natural history of precancerous lesions and cervical cancer in Israeli women differs from that reported in the world. In 2011, 244 women were diagnosed in Israel with invasive cervical cancer, with the mortality of 79 women. The incidence of cervical cancer in Israel is about 5 new cases per year per 100,000 women (5.4 Jewish, 3.2 Arab). This figure is very low compared with statistics presented in other countries and has not changed over the last decades. The vast majority of Israeli women were diagnosed due to symptoms and not following Pap smear screening...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529603/risk-factors-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-cervical-cancer-in-chinese-women-large-study-in-jiexiu-shanxi-province-china
#15
Zhilian Wang, Jintao Wang, Jinrong Fan, Weihong Zhao, Xin Yang, Lingmei Wu, Dongyan Li, Ling Ding, Wei Wang, Junjie Xu, Michelle Stram, Chengquan Zhao, Min Hao
We aimed to investigate the risk factors for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in Jiexiu, Shanxi Province, China. Twenty thousand eligible married women (age: 18-65 years) were administered with a questionnaire on potential risk factors for CIN and underwent liquid based Pap test. All women with abnormal cytological results underwent colposcopy with biopsy. Based on the biopsy pathology results, women were then assigned to either study group (with CIN) or control group (negative for histological results and volunteered to participate in the follow up study)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528521/myeloid-populations-in-systemic-autoimmune-diseases
#16
REVIEW
María Morell, Nieves Varela, Concepción Marañón
Systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) encompass a wide spectrum of clinical signs as a reflection of their complex physiopathology. A variety of mechanisms related with the innate immune system are in the origin of the loss of self-tolerance in these diseases, and for most of them, the myeloid leukocytes are key actors. Monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and neutrophils are first-line immune effectors located in the interface between innate and adaptive immunity. They are crucial in the organization of the local and systemic responses to damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and determine the intensity, orientation, and duration of the local immune response through the expression of chemokines, costimulatory or protolerogenic factors...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525552/septally-located-left-atrial-hematoma-as-a-consequence-of-a-steam-pop
#17
Gábor Bencsik, Róbert Pap, Kálmán Havasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522286/increased-proportions-of-functionally-impaired-regulatory-t-cell-subsets-in-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Emese Ugor, Diána Simon, Giovanni Almanzar, Ramóna Pap, József Najbauer, Péter Németh, Péter Balogh, Martina Prelog, László Czirják, Tímea Berki
Treg abnormalities have been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Treg subpopulations and their cytokines, IL-10 and TGF-β in the peripheral blood of early stage SSc patients were investigated. We hypothesized that epigenetically regulated methylation of the FOXP3 promoter and enhancer regions are altered in Tregs of SSc patients, which might be involved in the T cell imbalance. CD4+CD25+Foxp3+CD127- Treg cells were significantly elevated in patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc and in patients with anti-Scl-70/RNA-Pol-III autoantibody positivity and with lung fibrosis...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515109/updated-review-of-prevalence-of-major-risk-factors-and-use-of-screening-tests-for-cancer-in-the-united-states
#19
Ann Goding Sauer, Rebecca L Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal, Stacey A Fedewa
Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use and obesity, improve diet, and increase physical activity and use of established vaccines and screening tests. Monitoring the prevalence of cancer risk factors and preventive tests helps guide cancer prevention and early detection efforts. We provide an updated review, using data through 2015, of the prevalence of major risk factors, cancer screening, and vaccination for U.S. adults and youth. Cigarette smoking among adults decreased to 15...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514278/impact-of-screening-and-art-on-anal-cancer-incidence-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-mathematical-modeling-study
#20
Nello Blaser, Barbara Bertisch, Roger D Kouyos, Alexandra Calmy, Heiner C Bucher, Matthias Cavassini, Janne Estill, Olivia Keiser, Matthias Egger
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anal cancer is high in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). We modeled the impact of screening strategies and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) coverage on anal cancer incidence in Switzerland. METHODS: Individual-based, dynamic simulation model parameterized with Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) and literature data. We assumed all men to be HPV infected. CD4 cell count trajectories were the main predictors of anal cancer...
May 16, 2017: AIDS
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