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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245379/a-new-species-of-i-hemidactylus-i-squamata-gekkota-gekkonidae-%C3%A2-from-qara-dagh-mountains-kurdistan-region-with-a-key-to-the-genus-in-iraq
#1
Barbod Safaei-Mahroo, Hanyeh Ghaffari, Aram Ghafoor, Saywan Amini
We describe a new species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus from the oak woodlands of Zagros Forest Steppe of Qara Dagh Mountains, Sulaimani, northeastern Iraq, based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Hemidactylus kurdicus sp. nov. is distinguished from all other related Arid clade Hemidactylus species in the Middle East by having a single pair of postmental scales; it differs H. turcicus, H. robustus, H. ulii, H. sinaitus, H. shihraensis and H. yerburii based on the number of lamellae under the first and fourth toes of pes...
December 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244631/initial-results-of-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-mobilization-collection-cryopreservation-and-engraftment-after-autologous-transplantation-confirm-that-the-capacity-building-approach-offers-good-chances-of-success-in-critical-contexts-a-kurdish-italian-cooperative
#2
Ignazio Majolino, Dereen Mohammed, Dastan Hassan, Francesco Ipsevich, Chra Abdullah, Rebar Mohammed, Angelo Palmas, Marco Possenti, Diana Noori, Dlir Ali, Harem Karem, Salah Salih, Michele Vacca, Claudia Del Fante, Angelo Ostuni, Andrea Frigato, Maria Speranza Massei, Annunziata Manna, Stefania Vasta, Marcela Gabriel, Marta Verna, Attilio Rovelli, Valentino Conter, Kosar Ali, Dosti Othman
Introduction At Hiwa Cancer Hospital (Sulaymaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan) after the center was started by a cooperative project in June 2016, autologous transplantation was developed. Patients and Methods To develop the project, the capacity-building approach was adopted, with on-site training and coaching of personnel, educational meetings, lectures, on-the-job training, and the implementation of quality management planning. Results Here, we report initial results of peripheral-blood stem-cell mobilization and collection of the first 27 patients (age 12 to 61 years; 19 males and 8 females; multiple myeloma, n = 10; plasma cell leukemia, n = 1; Hodgkin lymphoma, n = 12; non-Hodgkin lymphoma, n = 3; and acute myeloid leukemia, n = 1)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238503/designing-and-validation-a-questionnaire-of-hope-for-family-members-of-patients-hospitalized-in-intensive-care-unit
#3
Foad Rahimi, Fatemeh Oskouie, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Families of patients are faced with stressors in the intensive care unit (ICU) that cannot be controlled sometimes. Having hope is one of the strategies for obtaining self-control in patients' families, which deals with such situations. Objective: The purpose of this study was to design and validate a questionnaire of hope for family members of patients hospitalized in intensive care units. Methods: This study was conducted for family members of patients hospitalized in the intensive care units of Kurdistan and Tehran provinces, in Iran, between the years 2015-2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238501/the-effect-of-perineal-massage-during-the-second-stage-of-birth-on-nulliparous-women-perineal-a-randomization-clinical-trial
#4
Roonak Shahoei, Farzaneh Zaheri, Lila Hashemi Nasab, Fariba Ranaei
Background: Childbirth and puerperium are of the most important periods in women's lives and can affect different aspects of their lives. Objective: To determine the effect of perineal massage in the second stage of labor on perineal lacerations, episiotomy, and perineal pain in nulliparous women. Methods: This randomization clinical trial was conducted at Be'sat Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran, from 2013 to 2014. A total of 195 nulliparous women were included in the study...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226187/tracheobronchial-foreign-bodies-in-children-the-role-of-emergency-rigid-bronchoscopy
#5
Aram Baram, Hewa Sherzad, Sara Saeed, Fahmi H Kakamad, Adnan M H Hamawandi
Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common and lethal accident in the pediatric age group. It requires early recognition and treatment by rigid bronchoscopy to avoid fatal outcomes. Objective. The aim of this study was to study the pattern of FBA in the tracheobronchial tree as well as the success rate of rigid bronchoscopy in children admitted to a single center and to analyze the relationship of the type of foreign body (FB) with patients' age, presentation, and complications. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study of FBA was conducted in children in the Sulaimani/Kurdistan region, Iraq, admitted to the emergency teaching hospital of the University of Sulaimani from January 2014 to March 2016...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159211/the-relationship-between-knowledge-of-leadership-and-knowledge-management-practices-in-the-food-industry-in-kurdistan-province-iran
#6
Seyyed Mohammad Moosavi Jad, Sahar Geravandi, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Rashin Alizadeh, Mohammad Sarvarian, Babak Rastegarimehr, Abolhasan Afkar, Ahmad Reza Yari, Mahboobeh Momtazan, Aliasghar Valipour, Mohammad Mahboubi, Azimeh Karimyan, Alireza Mazraehkar, Ali Soleimani Nejad, Hafez Mohammadi
The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between the knowledge of leadership and knowledge management practices. This research strategy, in terms of quantity, procedure and obtain information, is descriptive and correlational. Statistical population, consist of all employees of a food industry in Kurdistan province of Iran, who were engaged in 2016 and their total number is about 1800 people. 316 employees in the Kurdistan food industry (Kurdistan FI) were selected, using Cochran formula. Non-random method and valid questions (standard) for measurement of the data are used...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121582/intermammary-pilonidal-sinus-the-first-case-series
#7
Seerwan Hama Shareef, Tahir A Hawrami, Abdulwahid M Salih, Fahmi H Kakamad, Hawbash M Rahim, Hunar A Hassan, Dahat A Hussein
INTRODUCTION: Pilonidal sinus (PNS) is an inflammatory condition caused by hair penetration into the epidermis. It occurs usually in sacro-coccygeal area. Intermammary pilonidal sinus is a very rare variant with a few case reports in literature. The aim of this study is to highlight the presentation and management of intermammary pilonidal sinus. METHOD: A retrospective multicenter case series. Including all cases of intermammary PNS admitted to either of 5 major tertiary hospitals in Kurdistan region of Iraq...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069930/long-term-health-effects-of-chemical-warfare-agents-on-children-following-a-single-heavy-exposure
#8
J M Talabani, A I Ali, A M Kadir, R Rashid, F Samin, D Greenwood, Awm Hay
In the 1980s, villages in the Kurdistan region of Iraq were exposed to chemical weapons (CWs), which killed and injured thousands of civilians. There has been no clinical assessment of the long-term effects of CWs exposure on those injured. We report the first such evaluation of CW effects on long-term health of children. Patients from the CW-exposed areas were interviewed to assess previous and current clinical history and underwent clinical examination. The status of organs known to be targets of CWs, including skin, eyes, respiratory and neuromuscular systems, was assessed...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020760/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-oral-health-of-people-aged-15-40-years-in-kurdistan-iran-in-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ghobad Moradi, Ardavan Moinafshar, Hemen Adabi, Mona Sharafi, Farideh Mostafavi, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of dental caries among an urban population. Methods: This study was conducted among 2000 people 15-40 years of age living in Kurdistan, Iran in 2015. Using a questionnaire, data were collected by 4 trained dental students. The dependent variable was the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMF) index. Using principal component analysis, the socioeconomic status (SES) of families was determined based on their household assets...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979359/external-ophthalmomyiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-challiphoride-larva
#10
Roghayeh Norouzi, Arman Manochehri, Saman Zarrin
Myiasis is an animal or human pathogenic condition initiated by parasitic dipterous fly larvae feeding in the host's necrotic or living tissue. Here we report a case of external ophthalmomyiasis caused by Lucilia sericata in a 78-yr-old with a vascular tumor of the retina and surgery history, from Bijar City of Kurdistan Province, Iran in 2015. Associated symptoms included right eye pain with mucoid ocular discharge, headache, sensing the presence of a foreign body in the eye and itching. Examination revealed a L...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949473/out-of-pocket-and-informal-payment-before-and-after-the-health-transformation-plan-in-iran-evidence-from-hospitals-located-in-kurdistan-iran
#11
Bakhtiar Piroozi, Arash Rashidian, Ghobad Moradi, Amirhossein Takian, Hooman Ghasri, Tayyeb Ghadimi
BACKGROUND: One of the objectives of the health transformation plan (HTP) in Iran is to reduce out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for inpatient services and eradicate informal payments. The HTP has three phases: the first phase (launched in May 5, 2014) is focused on reducing OOP payments for inpatient services; the second phase (launched in May 22, 2014) is focused on primary healthcare (PHC) and the third phase utilizes an updated relative value units for health services (launched in September 29, 2014) and is focused on the elimination of informal payments...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937713/two-decades-of-humanitarian-surgical-outreach-and-capacity-building-in-kurdistan
#12
Quyen D Chu, Gazi B Zibari, A Anand Annamalai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920947/the-capacity-building-approach-was-successful-in-the-start-up-process-of-the-first-hsct-center-in-iraqi-kurdistan
#13
I Majolino, A Rovelli, M Vacca, M Verna, M Canesi, V Conter, D Othman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899376/perceptions-about-iranian-kurds-ethnic-inequality-in-health
#14
Arezoo Yari, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants. METHODS: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). The study was conducted through 34 in-depth interviews and ten focus group discussions with health services users, academic graduates and health delivery service personnel...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874265/newly-discovered-neanderthal-remains-from-shanidar-cave-iraqi-kurdistan-and-their-attribution-to-shanidar-5
#15
Emma Pomeroy, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Federica Crivellaro, Lucy Farr, Tim Reynolds, Chris O Hunt, Graeme Barker
The Neanderthal remains from Shanidar Cave, excavated between 1951 and 1960, have played a central role in debates concerning diverse aspects of Neanderthal morphology and behavior. In 2015 and 2016, renewed excavations at the site uncovered hominin remains from the immediate area where the partial skeleton of Shanidar 5 was found in 1960. Shanidar 5 was a robust adult male estimated to have been aged over 40 years at the time of death. Comparisons of photographs from the previous and recent excavations indicate that the old and new remains were directly adjacent to one another, while the disturbed arrangement and partial crushing of the new fossils is consistent with descriptions and photographs of the older discoveries...
October 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841367/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-health-professionals-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-a-qualitative-study-in-iraqi-kurdistan-region
#16
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safari
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semistructured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation that prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they do not support its continuation...
November 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835274/primary-care-in-an-unstable-security-humanitarian-economic-and-political-context-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#17
Ali R Shukor, Niek S Klazinga, Dionne S Kringos
BACKGROUND: This study presents a descriptive synthesis of Kurdistan Region of Iraq's (KRI) primary care system, which is undergoing comprehensive primary care reforms within the context of a cross-cutting structural economic adjustment program and protracted security, humanitarian, economic and political crises. METHODS: The descriptive analysis used a framework operationalizing Starfield's classic primary care model for health services research. A scoping review was performed using relevant sources, and expert consultations were conducted for completing and validating data...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#18
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750899/evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-food-allergens-based-on-skin-prick-test-in-children-in-kurdistan-province-iran
#19
R Kalmarzi, P Ataee, Gh Homagostar, M Tagik, E Ghaderi, W Kooti
INTRODUCTION: Food allergy refers to abnormal reactions of the body caused by an immune system response to food. This study was conducted aiming to investigate allergy to food allergens in children with food allergies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional one on 304 children aged six months to seven years with food allergies admitted to the tertiary referral hospital in Kurdistan Province - Iran, during 2014-2015. All the patients were examined for skin prick test using 49 allergens...
July 24, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748803/serial-mri-scan-of-posterior-fossa-tumours-predict-patients-at-risk-of-developing-neurocognitive-impairment
#20
Ramadhan Othman, Kurdistan Gh Abdullah
Background: Brain tumours are the most common solid tumours in children. More than 50% of these tumours develop in the posterior cranial fossa. Long term survivors of posterior fossa tumours (PFT) suffer from neurocognitive and memory issues. We hypothesized that serial MRI scanning of brain would show differences in hippocampal and ACC volume change in PFT patients treated with and without chemo-radiotherapy. Material and Methods: Twelve patients (8 females and 4 males) underwent 76 serial MR imaging examinations before and during treatment for posterior fossa tumours...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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