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Keyvan Amjadian, Elisa Sacchi, Meisam Rastegari Mehr
Urban soil contamination is a growing concern for the potential health impact on the increasing number of people living in these areas. In this study, the concentration, the distribution, the contamination levels, and the role of land use were investigated in Erbil metropolis, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. A total of 74 soil samples were collected, treated, and analyzed for their physicochemical properties, and for 7 heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn) and 16 PAH contents. High concentrations, especially of Cd, Cu Pb, and Zn, were found...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Jörg Freyhof, Younis Sabir Abdullah, Korsh Ararat, Hamad Ibrahim, Matthias F Geiger
Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, new species, is described from subterranean waters in the Little Zab River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. After the discovery of E. smithi in 1976, E. proudlovei is the second troglomorphic nemacheilid loach found in the Middle East and the second species placed in Eidinemacheilus. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei is distinguished from E. smithi by having 8+8 or 8+7 branched caudal-fin rays, no adipose keel on the caudal peduncle, enlarged jaws and a fully developed head canal system. It furthers differs substantially in its DNA barcode (>8% K2P distance) from all other nemacheilid loaches in the Middle East, Europe and Western India...
October 4, 2016: Zootaxa
Behnam Salimi, Kazem Abdi
Leeches have been reported to harbor several important fish pathogens, including spring viremia of carp virus, infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), and also may contain blood protozoa. In the present study, leeches were collected from water bodies located in Kurdistan province, Iran. The specimens were tested for IHNV, VHSV, and infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) using the PCR method. The results showed that two different species of leeches, Hemiclepsis marginata and Hirudo medicinalis, were infected by IPNV among the seven species studied...
December 2016: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Ramadhan T Othman, Nawfal R Hussein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Judith Bass, Sarah McIvor Murray, Thikra Ahmed Mohammed, Mary Bunn, William Gorman, Ahmed Mohammed Amin Ahmed, Laura Murray, Paul Bolton
Supportive counseling type interventions are frequently provided to meet the mental health needs of populations in emergency and post-conflicts contexts, but it has seldom been rigorously evaluated. Existing evaluations from low- and middle-income countries provide mixed evidence of effectiveness. While Iraqi Kurdistan experienced relative stability following the fall of Saddam Hussein's government, the population in the northern Dohuk region has continued to experience periodic violence due to conflicts with neighboring Turkey as well as more recent ISIS-associated violence...
September 28, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Saber Esmaeili, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Fahimeh Bagheri Amiri, Mohammad Karimi, Ehsan Mostafavi
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis and a major public health problem. Blood sampling was done in the province of Kurdistan from 250 members of different groups, including hunters and their families, butchers and slaughterhouse workers, healthcare workers (HCWs) and those referred to medical diagnostic laboratories for routine testing. Sera were tested using an ELISA method to detect specific Leptsopira IgG antibodies. We found 20.80% (95% confidence interval, 16.23-26.25%) to be positive. The highest and lowest seroprevalence were in hunters (26%) and HCWs (18%)...
September 2, 2016: Tropical Doctor
Nasir Al-Allawi, Ameen M Mohammad, Shakir Jamal
To determine the frequency, clinical and laboratory associations of pulmonary hypertension in Iraqi Kurds with sickle cell anemia, a total of ninety four such patients attending a major hemoglobinopathy center in Iraqi Kurdistan were enrolled. All patients were re-evaluated clinically and had their blood counts, HbF, serum ferritin, LDH, renal and liver function assessed. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography with measurement of tricuspid valve regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) was performed. A TRV in excess of 2...
2016: PloS One
Samim A Al-Dabbagh, Huda J Qasim, Nadia A Al-Derzi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of Salvadora persica (Miswak) products on cariogenic bacteria in comparison with ordinary toothpaste.  METHODS: The study was conducted in Zakho city, Kurdistan region, Iraq during the period from October 2013 to January 2014. A randomized controlled clinical trial of 40 students randomly allocated into 4 groups. They were instructed to use Mismark toothpaste, Miswak mouthwash, and ordinary toothpaste with water or with normal saline...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Ghobad Moradi, Kohsar Karimi, Nader Esmailnasab, Daem Roshani
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of death from cancer in the world. In Iran, this type of cancer has high rates of incidence and mortality. This study aimed to assess the survival rate of patients with stomach cancer and its determinants in Kurdistan, a province with one of the highest incidence rates of stomach cancer in the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a total of 202 patients with stomach cancer who were admitted to Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj from 2009 to 2013...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Nawfal R Hussein, Amer A Balatay, Mahde S Assafi, Tamara Abdulezel AlMufty
BACKGROUND: The human papilloma virus (HPV) is considered as the major risk factor for the development of cervical cancer. This virus is of different genotypes and generally can be classified into high and low risk types. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of high risk HPV genotypes in women with vaginal discharge and lower abdominal pain in Kurdistan region, Iraq. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cervical swabs were taken from 104 women. DNA was extracted and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was used to determine the presence of high risk genotypes...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ghobad Moradi, Reza Majdzadeh, Kazem Mohammad, Hossein Malekafzali, Saeede Jafari, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
BACKGROUND: About 80% of deaths in 350 million cases of diabetes in the world occur in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to determine the status of diabetes socioeconomic inequality and the share of determinants of inequalities in Kurdistan Province, West of Iran, using two surveys in 2005 and 2009. METHODS: Data were collected from non-communicable disease surveillance surveys in Kurdistan in 2005 and 2009. In this study, the socioeconomic status (SES) of the participants was determined based on the residential area and assets using principal component analysis statistical method...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
J F Magidson, C W Lejuez, T Kamal, E J Blevins, L K Murray, J K Bass, P Bolton, S Pagoto
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence supports the use of Western therapies for the treatment of depression, trauma, and stress delivered by community health workers (CHWs) in conflict-affected, resource-limited countries. A recent randomized controlled trial (Bolton et al. 2014a) supported the efficacy of two CHW-delivered interventions, cognitive processing therapy (CPT) and brief behavioral activation treatment for depression (BATD), for reducing depressive symptoms and functional impairment among torture survivors in the Kurdish region of Iraq...
December 2015: Global Mental Health
Rasoul Nasiri Kalmarzi, A Zamani, A Fathallahpour, E Ghaderi, Ramesh Rahehagh, W Kooti
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterised by chronic inflammatory airways, and is affected by several immunological factors. One of the most discussed and researched hypotheses is the relationship between vitamin D serum levels with asthma. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vitamin D serum levels with asthma and pulmonary functions in children in Kurdistan province, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 120 children ranging from 6 to 18 years were referred in summer for investigation...
July 28, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Himen Salimizand, Shaho Menbari, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Masomeh Khonsha, Mohammad Saleh Vahedi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aims of this study were to establish antibiotic profile and the molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, with considering the effectiveness of control infection measures across three hospitals in the Kurdistan, west part of Iran. METHODS: Fifty-four A. baumannii isolates were collected from patients and environmental specimens. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns (Antibio-type) were evaluated for 17 different antibiotics and MIC for imipenem was done...
August 2016: Journal of Chemotherapy
Kahee A Mohammed, Eric Adjei Boakye, Honer A Ismail, Christian J Geneus, Betelihem B Tobo, Paula M Buchanan, Alan P Zelicoff
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the incidence of Pineal Gland Calcification (PGC) by age group and gender among the populations living in the Kurdistan Region-Iraq. METHODS: This prospective study examined skull X-rays of 480 patients between the ages of 3 and 89 years who sought care at a large teaching public hospital in Duhok, Iraq from June 2014 to November 2014. Descriptive statistics and a binary logistic regression were used for analysis...
2016: PloS One
Ebrahim Darvishi, Afshin Maleki, Omid Giahi, Arash Akbarzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of subjective mental workload (SMWL) and its correlation with musculoskeletal disorders among bank staff members in Kurdistan Province located in western Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 bank staff members in Kurdistan Province, Iran. The mental workload was assessed using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration-Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) computerized version...
July 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Chiya Jalali, Bayazid Ghaderi, Sabrieh Amini, Mohammad Abdi, Daem Roshani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of this polymorphism as a risk factor for breast cancer in Kurdish patients and to investigate the possible association between Arg194Trp x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene polymorphisms with clinical and histopathological outcomes of patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 100 breast cancer patients and 200 cancer-free controls in Kurdish population of Kurdistan state admitted to Tohid Hospital, Sanandaj, Kurdistan, Iran between January 2012 and May 2015 were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
June 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Shayesteh Hajizadeh, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Farshad Farzadfar
A family physician program has been implemented in rural areas of the country since the early 2005.Therefore, due to the increase in the density of midwives in this project, it is expected that more services would be provided to pregnant women. This cross-sectional study used the difference-in-differences model and Matchit statistical model to compare the indices of maternal health program before and after the implementation of a family physician program. It compared health centres that had increase in their density of midwives in the course of the study with those that did not...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Bashdar A Sadee, Mike E Foulkes, Steve J Hill
Samples of soil, the broad bean plant, Vicia faba and irrigation water were collected from the same agricultural site in Dokan, in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Total arsenic and arsenic speciation were determined in all materials by ICP-MS and HPLC-ICP-MS, respectively. Available arsenic (11%) was also determined within the soil, together with Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn, Fe and Mn. The concentrations of total arsenic were: soil (5.32μgg(-1)), irrigation water (1.06μgL(-1)), roots (2.065μgg(-1)) and bean (0.133μgg(-1))...
November 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Hawraz Ibrahim M Amin, Mohammed F Ibrahim, Faiq H S Hussain, Abdullah Sh Sardar, Giovanni Vidari
The majority of Kurds inhabit a region that includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. This review shows that the traditional medicine is still used by Kurdish peoples and underlines the medicinal value of a great number of plants used locally. The medicinal uses include the treatment of a variety of diseases, ranging from simple stomach-ache to highly complicate male and female disorders; even sexual weakness and kidney stones are treated by plants. The majority of the plants that are used are for curing gastro-intestinal disorders and inflammation, followed by urinary tract disorders, skin burns, irritations and liver problems...
March 2016: Natural Product Communications
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