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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912188/bacillus-flexus-strain-as-12-a-new-arsenic-transformer-bacterium-isolated-from-contaminated-water-resources
#1
Mohammad Ahmadi Jebeli, Afshin Maleki, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Enayatollah Kalantar, Hassan Izanloo, Fardin Gharibi
A total of 14 arsenic-resistant bacteria were isolated from an arsenic-contaminated travertine spring water in the central district of Qorveh county, Kurdistan Province, Iran. One of strains designated As-12 was selected for further investigation because of its ability to transform arsenic. The strain was identified by cultural, morphological and biochemical tests, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Finally, the growth characteristics of the isolate were investigated in a chemically defined medium which included varied ranges of environmental factors such as pH, temperature and salinity...
November 29, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#2
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847016/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-duhok-province-kurdistan-are-hbsag-and-anti-hcv-prerequisite-screening-parameters-in-tuberculosis-control-program
#3
Muayad A Merza, Safer M Haji, Abid Mohialdeen Hasan Alsharafani, Shivan U Muhammed
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), infections and tuberculosis (TB) are a global public health concern. Co-infection with HBV or HCV among TB patients may potentiate the risk of hepatotoxicity induced by anti-TB drugs. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HBV and HCV among TB patients included in the Duhok National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). METHODS: The Duhok NTP Center is a specialized institution in Duhok City, Iraq, concerned with management and follow-up of TB patients...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832433/biodegradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-by-bacteria-with-highly-antibiotic-resistant-pattern-isolated-from-wheat-field-soils-in-kurdistan-iran
#4
Solmaz Karami, Afshin Maleki, Ebrahim Karimi, Helen Poormazaheri, Shiva Zandi, Behrooz Davari, Yahya Zand Salimi, Fardin Gharibi, Enayatollah Kalantar
Recently, there has been increasing interest to clean up the soils contaminated with herbicide. Our aim was to determine the bioremediation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) from wheat fields which have a long history of herbicide in Sanandaj. Based on our literature survey, this study is the first report to isolate and identify antimicrobial resistant bacteria from polluted wheat field soils in Sanandaj which has the capacity to degrade 2,4-D. From 150 2,4-D-exposed soil samples, five different bacteria were isolated and identified based on biochemical tests and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790342/meanings-of-health-for-iranian-diabetic-patients-a-qualitative-study
#5
Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Golnaz Esmaeil Nasab, Shahnaz Khaledi
INTRODUCTION: Health is an exclusive and subjective phenomenon, and one of the most important situations with regard to perception of health, arises when patients suffer from a chronic disease. This study was conducted within the qualitative research framework and aimed to explore the meanings of health as perceived by a group of Iranian diabetic patients. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative analysis design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants among diabetic patients, who were admitted to the diabetes care centre of Tohid Hospital of the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran during a ten-month period in 2014...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766236/economic-inequalities-amongst-women-with-osteoporosis-related-fractures-an-application-of-concentration-index-decomposition
#6
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Farzaneh Golboni, Mohammad Hasan Kazemi-Galougahi, Nasrin Moghimi
Background: Considering the renewed emphasis on women's health, attention to the new aspects of their health, such as equity, among different groups is warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the economic inequalities among women with osteoporosis-related bone fractures (ORBFs) in Sanandaj, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, convenient sampling was employed to recruit 220 women with osteoporosis referring to the only rheumatology clinic in Sanandaj (the center of Kurdistan province in Iran) from January to April 2013...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709464/heavy-metals-hms-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-soils-of-different-land-uses-in-erbil-metropolis-kurdistan-region-iraq
#7
Keyvan Amjadian, Elisa Sacchi, Meisam Rastegari Mehr
Urban soil contamination is a growing concern for the potential health impact on the increasing number of people living in these areas. In this study, the concentration, the distribution, the contamination levels, and the role of land use were investigated in Erbil metropolis, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. A total of 74 soil samples were collected, treated, and analyzed for their physicochemical properties, and for 7 heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn) and 16 PAH contents. High concentrations, especially of Cd, Cu Pb, and Zn, were found...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701182/eidinemacheilus-proudlovei-a-new-subterranean-loach-from-iraqi-kurdistan-teleostei-nemacheilidae
#8
Jörg Freyhof, Younis Sabir Abdullah, Korsh Ararat, Hamad Ibrahim, Matthias F Geiger
Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, new species, is described from subterranean waters in the Little Zab River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. After the discovery of E. smithi in 1976, E. proudlovei is the second troglomorphic nemacheilid loach found in the Middle East and the second species placed in Eidinemacheilus. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei is distinguished from E. smithi by having 8+8 or 8+7 branched caudal-fin rays, no adipose keel on the caudal peduncle, enlarged jaws and a fully developed head canal system. It furthers differs substantially in its DNA barcode (>8% K2P distance) from all other nemacheilid loaches in the Middle East, Europe and Western India...
October 4, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687675/detection-of-infectious-pancreatic-necrosis-virus-from-the-leeches-hemiclepsis-marginata-and-hirudo-medicinalis
#9
Behnam Salimi, Kazem Abdi
Leeches have been reported to harbor several important fish pathogens, including spring viremia of carp virus, infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), and also may contain blood protozoa. In the present study, leeches were collected from water bodies located in Kurdistan province, Iran. The specimens were tested for IHNV, VHSV, and infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) using the PCR method. The results showed that two different species of leeches, Hemiclepsis marginata and Hirudo medicinalis, were infected by IPNV among the seven species studied...
December 2016: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644681/increased-trend-of-haematological-malignancies-in-kurdistan-region-iraq
#10
Ramadhan T Othman, Nawfal R Hussein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609624/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-trauma-informed-support-skills-and-psychoeducation-intervention-for-survivors-of-torture-and-related-trauma-in-kurdistan-northern-iraq
#11
Judith Bass, Sarah McIvor Murray, Thikra Ahmed Mohammed, Mary Bunn, William Gorman, Ahmed Mohammed Amin Ahmed, Laura Murray, Paul Bolton
Supportive counseling type interventions are frequently provided to meet the mental health needs of populations in emergency and post-conflicts contexts, but it has seldom been rigorously evaluated. Existing evaluations from low- and middle-income countries provide mixed evidence of effectiveness. While Iraqi Kurdistan experienced relative stability following the fall of Saddam Hussein's government, the population in the northern Dohuk region has continued to experience periodic violence due to conflicts with neighboring Turkey as well as more recent ISIS-associated violence...
September 28, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589994/serological-survey-of-leptospirosis-among-different-groups-in-western-iran
#12
Saber Esmaeili, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Fahimeh Bagheri Amiri, Mohammad Karimi, Ehsan Mostafavi
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis and a major public health problem. Blood sampling was done in the province of Kurdistan from 250 members of different groups, including hunters and their families, butchers and slaughterhouse workers, healthcare workers (HCWs) and those referred to medical diagnostic laboratories for routine testing. Sera were tested using an ELISA method to detect specific Leptsopira IgG antibodies. We found 20.80% (95% confidence interval, 16.23-26.25%) to be positive. The highest and lowest seroprevalence were in hunters (26%) and HCWs (18%)...
September 2, 2016: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583566/doppler-defined-pulmonary-hypertension-in-sickle-cell-anemia-in-kurdistan-iraq
#13
Nasir Al-Allawi, Ameen M Mohammad, Shakir Jamal
To determine the frequency, clinical and laboratory associations of pulmonary hypertension in Iraqi Kurds with sickle cell anemia, a total of ninety four such patients attending a major hemoglobinopathy center in Iraqi Kurdistan were enrolled. All patients were re-evaluated clinically and had their blood counts, HbF, serum ferritin, LDH, renal and liver function assessed. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography with measurement of tricuspid valve regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) was performed. A TRV in excess of 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570858/efficacy-of-miswak-toothpaste-and-mouthwash-on-cariogenic-bacteria
#14
Samim A Al-Dabbagh, Huda J Qasim, Nadia A Al-Derzi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of Salvadora persica (Miswak) products on cariogenic bacteria in comparison with ordinary toothpaste.  METHODS: The study was conducted in Zakho city, Kurdistan region, Iraq during the period from October 2013 to January 2014. A randomized controlled clinical trial of 40 students randomly allocated into 4 groups. They were instructed to use Mismark toothpaste, Miswak mouthwash, and ordinary toothpaste with water or with normal saline...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509957/survival-of-patients-with-stomach-cancer-and-its-determinants-in-kurdistan
#15
Ghobad Moradi, Kohsar Karimi, Nader Esmailnasab, Daem Roshani
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of death from cancer in the world. In Iran, this type of cancer has high rates of incidence and mortality. This study aimed to assess the survival rate of patients with stomach cancer and its determinants in Kurdistan, a province with one of the highest incidence rates of stomach cancer in the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a total of 202 patients with stomach cancer who were admitted to Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj from 2009 to 2013...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509950/high-risk-human-papilloma-virus-genotypes-in-kurdistan-region-in-patients-with-vaginal-discharge
#16
Nawfal R Hussein, Amer A Balatay, Mahde S Assafi, Tamara Abdulezel AlMufty
BACKGROUND: The human papilloma virus (HPV) is considered as the major risk factor for the development of cervical cancer. This virus is of different genotypes and generally can be classified into high and low risk types. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of high risk HPV genotypes in women with vaginal discharge and lower abdominal pain in Kurdistan region, Iraq. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cervical swabs were taken from 104 women. DNA was extracted and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was used to determine the presence of high risk genotypes...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493919/is-the-status-of-diabetes-socioeconomic-inequality-changing-in-kurdistan-province-west-of-iran-a-comparison-of-two-surveys
#17
Ghobad Moradi, Reza Majdzadeh, Kazem Mohammad, Hossein Malekafzali, Saeede Jafari, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
BACKGROUND: About 80% of deaths in 350 million cases of diabetes in the world occur in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to determine the status of diabetes socioeconomic inequality and the share of determinants of inequalities in Kurdistan Province, West of Iran, using two surveys in 2005 and 2009. METHODS: Data were collected from non-communicable disease surveillance surveys in Kurdistan in 2005 and 2009. In this study, the socioeconomic status (SES) of the participants was determined based on the residential area and assets using principal component analysis statistical method...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478619/adaptation-of-community-health-worker-delivered-behavioral-activation-for-torture-survivors-in-kurdistan-iraq
#18
J F Magidson, C W Lejuez, T Kamal, E J Blevins, L K Murray, J K Bass, P Bolton, S Pagoto
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence supports the use of Western therapies for the treatment of depression, trauma, and stress delivered by community health workers (CHWs) in conflict-affected, resource-limited countries. A recent randomized controlled trial (Bolton et al. 2014a) supported the efficacy of two CHW-delivered interventions, cognitive processing therapy (CPT) and brief behavioral activation treatment for depression (BATD), for reducing depressive symptoms and functional impairment among torture survivors in the Kurdish region of Iraq...
December 2015: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477034/the-relationship-between-serum-levels-of-vitamin-d-with-asthma-and-its-symptom-severity-a-case-control-study
#19
Rasoul Nasiri Kalmarzi, A Zamani, A Fathallahpour, E Ghaderi, Ramesh Rahehagh, W Kooti
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterised by chronic inflammatory airways, and is affected by several immunological factors. One of the most discussed and researched hypotheses is the relationship between vitamin D serum levels with asthma. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vitamin D serum levels with asthma and pulmonary functions in children in Kurdistan province, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 120 children ranging from 6 to 18 years were referred in summer for investigation...
July 28, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461478/dna-fingerprinting-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-clinical-and-environmental-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-a-multicentre-study
#20
Himen Salimizand, Shaho Menbari, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Masomeh Khonsha, Mohammad Saleh Vahedi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aims of this study were to establish antibiotic profile and the molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, with considering the effectiveness of control infection measures across three hospitals in the Kurdistan, west part of Iran. METHODS: Fifty-four A. baumannii isolates were collected from patients and environmental specimens. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns (Antibio-type) were evaluated for 17 different antibiotics and MIC for imipenem was done...
August 2016: Journal of Chemotherapy
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