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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937713/two-decades-of-humanitarian-surgical-outreach-and-capacity-building-in-kurdistan
#1
Quyen D Chu, Gazi B Zibari, A Anand Annamalai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920947/the-capacity-building-approach-was-successful-in-the-start-up-process-of-the-first-hsct-center-in-iraqi-kurdistan
#2
I Majolino, A Rovelli, M Vacca, M Verna, M Canesi, V Conter, D Othman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899376/perceptions-about-iranian-kurds-ethnic-inequality-in-health
#3
Arezoo Yari, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants. METHODS: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). The study was conducted through 34 in-depth interviews and ten focus group discussions with health services users, academic graduates and health delivery service personnel...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874265/newly-discovered-neanderthal-remains-from-shanidar-cave-iraqi-kurdistan-and-their-attribution-to-shanidar-5
#4
Emma Pomeroy, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Federica Crivellaro, Lucy Farr, Tim Reynolds, Chris O Hunt, Graeme Barker
The Neanderthal remains from Shanidar Cave, excavated between 1951 and 1960, have played a central role in debates concerning diverse aspects of Neanderthal morphology and behavior. In 2015 and 2016, renewed excavations at the site uncovered hominin remains from the immediate area where the partial skeleton of Shanidar 5 was found in 1960. Shanidar 5 was a robust adult male estimated to have been aged over 40 years at the time of death. Comparisons of photographs from the previous and recent excavations indicate that the old and new remains were directly adjacent to one another, while the disturbed arrangement and partial crushing of the new fossils is consistent with descriptions and photographs of the older discoveries...
October 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841367/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-health-professionals-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-a-qualitative-study-in-iraqi-kurdistan-region
#5
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safar
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semi-structured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation which prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they don't support its continuation...
August 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835274/primary-care-in-an-unstable-security-humanitarian-economic-and-political-context-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#6
Ali R Shukor, Niek S Klazinga, Dionne S Kringos
BACKGROUND: This study presents a descriptive synthesis of Kurdistan Region of Iraq's (KRI) primary care system, which is undergoing comprehensive primary care reforms within the context of a cross-cutting structural economic adjustment program and protracted security, humanitarian, economic and political crises. METHODS: The descriptive analysis used a framework operationalizing Starfield's classic primary care model for health services research. A scoping review was performed using relevant sources, and expert consultations were conducted for completing and validating data...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#7
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750899/evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-food-allergens-based-on-skin-prick-test-in-children-in-kurdistan-province-iran
#8
R Kalmarzi, P Ataee, Gh Homagostar, M Tagik, E Ghaderi, W Kooti
INTRODUCTION: Food allergy refers to abnormal reactions of the body caused by an immune system response to food. This study was conducted aiming to investigate allergy to food allergens in children with food allergies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional one on 304 children aged six months to seven years with food allergies admitted to the tertiary referral hospital in Kurdistan Province - Iran, during 2014-2015. All the patients were examined for skin prick test using 49 allergens...
July 24, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748803/serial-mri-scan-of-posterior-fossa-tumours-predict-patients-at-risk-of-developing-neurocognitive-impairment
#9
Ramadhan Othman, Kurdistan Gh Abdullah
Background: Brain tumours are the most common solid tumours in children. More than 50% of these tumours develop in the posterior cranial fossa. Long term survivors of posterior fossa tumours (PFT) suffer from neurocognitive and memory issues. We hypothesized that serial MRI scanning of brain would show differences in hippocampal and ACC volume change in PFT patients treated with and without chemo-radiotherapy. Material and Methods: Twelve patients (8 females and 4 males) underwent 76 serial MR imaging examinations before and during treatment for posterior fossa tumours...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688460/chronometric-investigations-of-the-middle-to-upper-paleolithic-transition-in-the-zagros-mountains-using-ams-radiocarbon-dating-and-bayesian-age-modelling
#10
Lorena Becerra-Valdivia, Katerina Douka, Daniel Comeskey, Behrouz Bazgir, Nicholas J Conard, Curtis W Marean, Andreu Ollé, Marcel Otte, Laxmi Tumung, Mohsen Zeidi, Thomas F G Higham
The Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition is often linked with a bio-cultural shift involving the dispersal of modern humans outside of Africa, the concomitant replacement of Neanderthals across Eurasia, and the emergence of new technological traditions. The Zagros Mountains region assumes importance in discussions concerning this period as its geographic location is central to all pertinent hominin migration areas, pointing to both east and west. As such, establishing a reliable chronology in the Zagros Mountains is crucial to our understanding of these biological and cultural developments...
August 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669168/the-160-c-a-cdh1-gene-promoter-polymorphism-and-its-relationship-with-survival-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer-in-kurdistan
#11
Mohammad Nazir Menbari, Sherko Nasseri, Neda Menbari, Ramin Mehdiabadi, Yousef Alipur, Daem Roshani
HASH(0x3d5bec0) Introduction: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common type of neoplasm and the second cause of malignancy-related death across much of the world. Complex multi-factorial processes are involved in its genesis, classified in two determinant clusters: non-genetic and genetic . Variation in CDH1 gene expression may play an important role in increasing risk of diffuse and intestinal subtypes of GC. This tumor suppressor gene, located on chromosome 16q22.1, encodes a trans membrane glycoprotein called epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin)...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610253/-i-oxynoemacheilus-i-i-zarzianus-i-a-new-loach-from-the-lesser-zab-river-drainage-in-iraqi-kurdistan-teleostei-nemacheilidae
#12
Jörg Freyhof, Matthias Geiger
Oxynoemacheilus zarzianus, new species, is described from the Lesser Zab River drainage, a tributary of the lower Tigris. It is distinguished from other Oxynoemacheilus species in the Tigris drainage by having a slightly emarginate caudal fin, no suborbital groove in males, a complete lateral line, the posterior process of the bony air-bladder capsule directed posteriorly, the flank and posterior part of back covered by scales, short barbels and a deep caudal peduncle. It is the fourth Oxynoemacheilus species known from the Lesser Zab drainage, where such loaches seem to be highly isolated in headwaters...
June 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587473/eliminating-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-iraqi-kurdistan-a-challenge
#13
Dilshad Jaff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551886/the-role-of-land-use-change-on-the-sustainability-of-groundwater-resources-in-the-eastern-plains-of-kurdistan-iran
#14
Ata Amini, Ali Hesami
In this study, land use change and its effects on level and volume of groundwater were investigated. Using satellite images and field measurements, change in land uses was determined from 1998 to 2007. By analyzing the observation wells data and preparing the zoning maps in GIS, groundwater level fluctuations were assessed. Considering the area corresponding to these fluctuations, changes in aquifers volume were calculated. The rain gauge and synoptic stations data were used to calculate meteorological parameters and evapotranspiration...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512560/the-start-up-of-the-first-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-center-in-the-iraqi-kurdistan-a-capacity-building-cooperative-project-by-the-hiwa-cancer-hospital-sulaymaniyah-and-the-italian-agency-for-development-cooperation-an-innovative-approach
#15
Ignazio Majolino, Dosti Othman, Attilio Rovelli, Dastan Hassan, Luqman Rasool, Michele Vacca, Nigar Abdalrahman, Chra Abdullah, Zhalla Ahmed, Dlir Ali, Kosar Ali, Chiara Broggi, Cinzia Calabretta, Marta Canesi, Gloria Ciabatti, Claudia Del Fante, Elisabetta De Sapio, Giovanna Dore, Andrea Frigato, Marcela Gabriel, Francesco Ipsevich, Harem Kareem, Dana Karim, Rosa Leone, Tavan Mahmood, Annunziata Manna, Maria Speranza Massei, Andrea Mastria, Dereen Mohammed, Rebar Mohammed, Khoshnaw Najmaddin, Diana Noori, Angelo Ostuni, Angelo Palmas, Marco Possenti, Ali Qadir, Giorgio Real, Rebwar Shrif, Caterina Valdatta, Stefania Vasta, Marta Verna, Mariangela Vittori, Awder Yousif, Francesco Zallio, Alessandro Calisti, Sergio Quattrocchi, Corrado Girmenia
We describe the entire process leading to the start-up of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center at the Hiwa Cancer Hospital, in the city of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Iraqi Region. This capacity building project was funded by the Italian Development Cooperation Agency and implemented with the support of the volunteer work of Italian professionals, either physicians, nurses, biologists and technicians. The intervention started in April 2016, was based exclusively on training and coaching on site, that represent a significant innovative approach, and led to a first autologous transplant in June 2016 and to the first allogeneic transplant in October...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486492/mortality-and-kidnapping-estimates-for-the-yazidi-population-in-the-area-of-mount-sinjar-iraq-in-august-2014-a-retrospective-household-survey
#16
Valeria Cetorelli, Isaac Sasson, Nazar Shabila, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: In August 2014, the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) attacked the Yazidi religious minority living in the area of Mount Sinjar in Nineveh governorate, Iraq. We conducted a retrospective household survey to estimate the number and demographic profile of Yazidis killed and kidnapped. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The survey covered the displaced Yazidi population from Sinjar residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Fieldwork took place between 4 November and 25 December, 2015...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479966/predictors-of-smoking-among-the-secondary-high-school-boy-students-based-on-the-health-belief-model
#17
Samira Mohammadi, Haydeh Ghajari, Rohollah Valizade, Naseh Ghaderi, Fayegh Yousefi, Parvaneh Taymoori, Bejan Nouri
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for health and also health problems, such as heart diseases, especially for young people. This study aimed to investigate the effect of factors related to smoking among the secondary high school students in the city of Marivan (Kurdistan-Iran), in 2015, based on the constructs of health belief model (HBM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 470 secondary high school students in Marivan in 2015...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456598/two-haplotype-clusters-of-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-in-northern-iraq-kurdistan-region-support-the-hypothesis-of-a-parasite-cradle-in-the-middle-east
#18
Zuber Ismael Hassan, Azad Abdullah Meerkhan, Belgees Boufana, Abdullah A Hama, Bayram Dawod Ahmed, Wijdan Mohammed Salih Mero, Serra Orsten, Maria Interisano, Edoardo Pozio, Adriano Casulli
Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by Echinococcus granulosus s.s. is a major public health problem in Iraqi Kurdistan with a reported surgical incidence of 6.3 per 100,000 Arbil inhabitants. A total of 125 Echinococcus isolates retrieved from sheep, goats and cattle were used in this study. Our aim was to determine species/genotypes infecting livestock in Iraqi Kurdistan and examine intraspecific variation and population structure of Echinococcus granulosus s.s. in this region and relate it to that of other regions worldwide...
April 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451960/non-point-source-contribution-and-dynamics-of-soluble-and-particulate-phosphorus-from-main-tributaries-of-the-zarivar-lake-watershed-iran
#19
Seyed Hamidreza Sadeghi, Shirko Ebrahimi Mohammadi, Vijay P Singh, Kamran Chapi
The temporal variability of phosphorus (P) transport and the relationships between discharge, suspended sediment concentration and particulate (PP), and soluble (SP) phosphorus were examined. The study was conducted at the event scale in seven tributaries of the Zarivar Lake watershed in Kurdistan Province (Iran) from March 2011 to April 2012. Based on eight runoff events, 82% of the total P was the PP carried out by suspended sediment. Results showed a high variability of P transport during different runoff events...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435825/assessment-of-the-efficiency-of-hospitals-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-health-sector-evolution-plan-in-iran-based-on-pabon-lasso-model
#20
Ghobad Moradi, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Hossein Safari, Nader Esmail Nasab, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad, Arezoo Yari
BACKGROUND: Pabon Lasso model was applied to assess the relative performance of hospitals affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) before and after the implementation of Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 public hospitals affiliated to KUMS in 2015. Twelve months before and after the implementation of the first phase of HSEP, a checklist was used to collect data from computerized databases within the hospitals' admission and discharge units...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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