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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435825/assessment-of-the-efficiency-of-hospitals-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-health-sector-evolution-plan-in-iran-based-on-pabon-lasso-model
#1
Ghobad Moradi, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Hossein Safari, Nader Esmail Nasab, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad, Arezoo Yari
BACKGROUND: Pabon Lasso model was applied to assess the relative performance of hospitals affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) before and after the implementation of Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 public hospitals affiliated to KUMS in 2015. Twelve months before and after the implementation of the first phase of HSEP, a checklist was used to collect data from computerized databases within the hospitals' admission and discharge units...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429131/the-first-comprehensive-molecular-detection-of-six-honey-bee-viruses-in-iran-in-2015-2016
#2
Mohammadreza Ghorani, Omid Madadgar, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Mohammadreza Rezapanah, Sedigheh Nabian, Hesameddin Akbarein, Reza Kh Farahani, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Hamed Abdollahi, Mohammad Forsi
At least 18 viruses have been reported in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). However, severe diseases in honey bees are mainly caused by six viruses, and these are the most important in beekeeping. These viruses include: deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV), sacbrood virus (SBV), kashmir bee virus (KBV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV). In this study, we evaluated 89 Iranian honey bee apiaries (during the period 2015-2016) suffering from symptoms of depopulation, sudden collapse, paralysis, or dark coloring, by employing reverse transcription-PCR...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419870/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonisation-amongst-healthcare-workers-in-kurdistan-region-iraq
#3
Nawfal R Hussein, Mahde S Assafi, Tayyaba Ijaz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among healthcare workers (HCWs) compared with non-HCWs at Duhok city, Kurdistan Region, northern Iraq. METHODS: A total of 182 HCWs with different occupations and working in different hospital units as well as 198 non-HCWs were recruited. Nasal swab samples were collected and were inoculated on mannitol salt agar and incubated at 35°C for 48h...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411906/serum-levels-of-adiponectin-and-leptin-in-asthmatic-patients-and-its-relation-with-asthma-severity-lung-function-and-bmi
#4
R Nasiri Kalmarzi, P Ataee, M Mansori, G Moradi, S Ahmadi, Z Kaviani, B Khalafi, W Kooti
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is one of the diseases which has a high prevalence in developed and developing countries. The relationship between asthma and obesity has always been focused by researchers. In this field, adipokines, especially adiponectin and leptin have highly attended by the scientist. The aim of this study was to determine the serum level of adiponectin, leptin and the leptin/adiponectin ratio in asthmatic patients and its relationship with disease severity, lung function and BMI (body mass index)...
May 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396693/prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-access-to-health-care-and-medications-among-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#5
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: The increasing caseload of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in displaced populations poses new challenges for humanitarian agencies and host country governments in the provision of health care, diagnostics and medications. This study aimed to characterise the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced by ISIS and currently residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. METHODS: The study covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341263/living-with-burn-scars-caused-by-self-immolation-among-women-in-iraqi-kurdistan-a-qualitative-study
#6
Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Pakestan Mohammad Amin
Patients with burns have to live with a variety of long-term physical and psychosocial consequences. Burns lead to prolonged hospital stay, disfiguring scars, disability, and even death. Since self-immolation is common in women of Iraqi Kurdistan, the present study sought to explore the experiences of women living with scars caused by self-immolation. This paper was part of a qualitative research study. A purposive sample of 18 female self-immolation survivors from Iraqi Kurdistan was selected, and 21 individual interviews were conducted and analyzed using conventional content analysis...
March 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299768/a-case-report-of-human-infection-with-dioctophyma-renale-from-iran
#7
Roghayeh Norouzi, Arman Manochehri, Mustafa Hanifi
A 75-year-old man from Kurdistan province, western part of Iran was diagnosed with a mass in the right kidney by ultrasound and computed tomography. In operation, a parasitic helminth, 30 cm long and 1.2 cm in diameter consistent with D. renale was found in the right kidney. Microscopic examination revealed that the male Dioctophyma renale. Following removal of worm, the symptoms completely resolved within a few hours. Generally, parasitism by D. renale in human is a necropsy finding, nevertheless imaging techniques as ultrasound and computed tomography have been proven to be important tool to achieve diagnosis...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298686/chemical-composition-and-biological-properties-of-satureja-avromanica-maroofi
#8
Elham Abdali, Shima Javadi, Maryam Akhgari, Seyran Hosseini, Dara Dastan
Satureja avromanica is an indigenous plant which is frequently used as a spice in Avraman-Kurdistan region of Iran. The present study aimed to investigate the chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the S. avromanica. In addition, rosmarinic acid and total phenolic content of S. avromanica was assessed by spectrophotometric method and HPTLC. The essential oil and methanolic extract were isolated by hydrodistillation and maceration methods, respectively. A total of 32 compounds representing 98...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265252/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-resulting-from-torture-and-other-traumatic-events-among-syrian-kurdish-refugees-in-kurdistan-region-iraq
#9
Hawkar Ibrahim, Chiya Q Hassan
Political violence is known to cause psychological distress. There is a large body of empirical studies drawing correlations between war trauma, torture, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, there are few studies on the effects of war-related trauma among Syrian refugees after events following the 'Arab Spring' uprisings between 2010 and 2012. This study examines the association of PTSD symptoms with torture and other traumatic events among Syrian Kurdish refugees living in Kurdistan Region, Iraq...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264268/two-new-species-of-i-oxynoemacheilus-i-from-the-tigris-drainage-in-iraqi-kurdistan-teleostei-nemacheilidae
#10
Jörg Freyhof, Younis Sabir Abdullah
Two new species of Oxynoemacheilus are described from the Sirvan River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. Oxynoemacheilus gyndes, new species, is distinguished by having a very short lateral line, reaching behind the pectoral-fin base, no scales except on the posteriormost part of the caudal peduncle, a slightly emarginate caudal fin and no suborbital groove in males. Oxynoemacheilus hanae, new species, is distinguished by having a midlateral row of elongated blotches, isolated patches of dark-brown spots or blotches on lower flank, a deeply emarginate caudal fin and a suborbital groove in males...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243400/the-influence-of-oral-ginger-before-operation-on-nausea-and-vomiting-after-cataract-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Jamal Seidi, Shahrokh Ebnerasooli, Sirous Shahsawari, Simin Nzarian
BACKGROUND: According to Iranian traditional medicine, using safe ginger may contribute to taking less chemical medicines and result in fewer side effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of using ginger before operation on nausea and vomiting, after cataract surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: This study was a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial conducted at Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217589/relationship-between-attachment-styles-and-happiness-in-medical-students
#12
Marzyeh Moghadam, Farzin Rezaei, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Negar Rostamian
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory is one of the most important achievements of contemporary psychology. Role of medical students in the community health is important, so we need to know about the situation of happiness and attachment style in these students. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the relationship between medical students' attachment styles and demographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected students of Medical Sciences in Kurdistan University, in 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178134/prognostic-factors-and-survival-of-colorectal-cancer-in-kurdistan-province-iran-a-population-based-study-2009-2014
#13
Mohammad Aziz Rasouli, Ghobad Moradi, Daem Roshani, Bahram Nikkhoo, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Bahman Ghaytasi
Colorectal cancer (CRC) survival varies at individual and geographically level. This population-based study aimed to evaluating various factors affecting the survival rate of CRC patients in Kurdistan province.In a retrospective cohort study, patients diagnosed as CRC were collected through a population-based study from March 1, 2009 to 2014. The data were collected from Kurdistan's Cancer Registry database. Additional information and missing data were collected reference to patients' homes, medical records, and pathology reports...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165869/a-field-study-of-plague-and-tularemia-in-rodents-western-iran
#14
Ehsan Mostafavi, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Alireza Japoni-Nejad, Saber Esmaeili, Jamshid Darvish, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Ali Mohammadi, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Behzad Pourhossein, Ahmad Ghasemi, Miklós Gyuranecz, Elisabeth Carniel
INTRODUCTION: Kurdistan Province in Iran is a historical focus for plague and tularemia. This study aimed at assessing the current status of these two foci by studying their rodent reservoirs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rodents were trapped and their ectoparasites were collected. The genus and species of both rodents and ectoparasites were determined. Serological analyses of rodent blood samples were done by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for plague and by standard tube agglutination assay for tularemia...
April 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118142/modified-activated-carbon-prepared-from-acorn-shells-as-a-new-solid-phase-extraction-sorbent-for-the-preconcentration-and-determination-of-trace-amounts-of-nickel-in-food-samples-prior-to-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry
#15
Bahram Ebrahimi
A new solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbent was introduced based on acidic-modified (AM) activated carbon (AC) preparedfrom acorn shells of native oak trees in Kurdistan. Hydrochloric acid (15%, w/w) and nitric acid (32.5%, w/w) were used to condition and modify AC. The IR spectra of AC and AM-AC showed that AM lead to the formation of increasing numbers of acidic functional groups on AM-AC. AM-AC was used in the SPE method for the extraction and preconcentration of Ni<sup>+2</sup> prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination at ng/mL levels in model and real food samples...
November 17, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107395/prevalence-of-pre-analytical-errors-in-clinical-chemistry-diagnostic-labs-in-sulaimani-city-of-iraqi-kurdistan
#16
Dereen Najat
BACKGROUND: Laboratory testing is roughly divided into three phases: a pre-analytical phase, an analytical phase and a post-analytical phase. Most analytical errors have been attributed to the analytical phase. However, recent studies have shown that up to 70% of analytical errors reflect the pre-analytical phase. The pre-analytical phase comprises all processes from the time a laboratory request is made by a physician until the specimen is analyzed at the lab. Generally, the pre-analytical phase includes patient preparation, specimen transportation, specimen collection and storage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077096/rates-and-trends-in-cesarean-sections-between-2008-and-2012-in-iraq
#17
Nazar P Shabila
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cesarean sections is increasing globally; however, it can lead to significant increases in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the rates and trends of cesarean sections in Iraq. METHODS: The cesarean section rates of all births and public and private hospital-based births were calculated from the data on births provided by the annual reports of the Iraqi Ministry of Health for the years 2008 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054533/application-of-accelerated-failure-time-models-for-breast-cancer-patients-survival-in-kurdistan-province-of-iran
#18
Asrin Karimi, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri
CONTEXT: Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second common cause of cancer-induced mortalities in Iranian women. There has been a rapid development in hazard models and survival analysis in the last decade. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients using accelerated failure time models (AFT). SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a retrospective-analytic cohort study...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029062/the-main-constituents-of-tulipa-systola-stapf-roots-and-flowers-their-antioxidant-activities
#19
Mohammed Farhad Ibrahim, Faiq Hama Saeed Hussain, Giuseppe Zanoni, Giovanni Vidari
People living on the mountains of the Kurdistan Region, Iraq make a large use of herbs in the local traditional medicine. Among them, Tulipa systola, which grows under and between rocks, is very popular as an anti-inflammatory remedy and pain-relief. The phytochemical study of an ethanolic extract obtained from flowers and roots of Tulip (T systola Stapf.) afforded three compounds, identified as (+)-1-O-E-feruloyl-3-O-E-p-coumaroylglycerol (1), (+)-6-tuliposide A (2), and (-)-kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (3). The significant radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of the isolated compounds were evaluated on three tests, by determining the DPPH free radical scavenging activity, the total antioxidant activity and the hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity...
December 28, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028521/beijing-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-smear-positive-tuberculosis-patients-in-north-west-and-west-of-iran
#20
Leyla Sahebi, Khalil Ansarin, Sven Hoffner, Parviz Mohajeri, Abolghasem Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among chronic infectious diseases. The goal of this cross-sectional study (2012-2014) was to examine the prevalence of Mycobacterium TB (MTB) Beijing strains in regions near the Iranian border and to identify any epidemiological links. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To this end, MTB isolates were harvested, from 64 HIV-negative, pulmonary smear-positive TB patients from the Iranian border provinces of East Azerbaijan (North-West), Kurdistan (West), and Kermanshah (West) (2012-2014)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
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