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Sara Shamsabadipour, Seyed Mohammad Zarei, Mustafa Ghanadian, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Mohammad Reza Rahimnejad, Hojjatollah Saeedi, Mahmoud Aghaei
In this research, aerial parts of Euphorbia denticulata Lam were collected from Sanandaj city in Kurdistan province at the West of Iran. It was extracted by maceration using acetone as solvent. The isolation of compounds were carried out with repeated column chromatography using silica gel and normal preparative HPLC using YMC-Pack-Sil column and hexane: ethyl acetate as mobile phase. The structures of isolated compounds were elucidated by extensive 1 and 2D-NMR as well as HRESI-MS spectra and the cytotoxicity was done against DU-145 human prostate cancer cell line using standard MTT assay...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Parvaneh Golmohammadi, Bahman Ghaitasi, Haidar Nadrian, Athareh Najafi
PURPOSE: Even though Kurdistan, the western province of Iran, has a cancer surveillance system, a detailed analysis of incidence rate has not been yet performed. We describe Age Standardized Incidence Rates (ASRs) for esophageal cancer (EC) in Kurdistan Province of Iran in 2001-2015. METHODS: Incidence cases of EC were obtained from a population-based cancer registry. We obtained ASRs and 95% confidence intervals (CI) per 100,000 populations for each calendar year group...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Ramin Rezai, Elham Ahmadi, Behnam Salimi
Listeria species are important foodborne pathogens, among which L. monocytogenes and L. ivanovii cause human listeriosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Listeria species in farmed and on-sale rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Kurdistan province, western Iran. A total of 240 fresh rainbow trout fish (120 samples from farms and 120 samples from retail outlets) were collected and analyzed phenotypically for the presence of Listeria. All Listeria isolates were differentiated with molecular techniques, and L...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Elnaz Zareei, Taimoor Javadi, Rishi Aryal
BACKGROUND: The physiological and metabolic processes involved with grapevine growth and production are influenced by key macro and micro-nutrients. Potassium is an essential plant nutrient that affects growth and fruit quality. In this study, the impact of foliar spraying of potassium sulfate (K2 SO4 ) on qualitative characteristics of grape berries was evaluated in the cultivar 'Rasha', a commonly cultivated cultivar in Kurdistan province of Iran. Leaves of the fully-grown vines were sprayed with each of the 1...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Shadi Kohzadi, Behzad Shahmoradi, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Hozan Loqmani, Afshin Maleki
A trend toward the use of traditional and herbal medicines has developed nowadays, and there is a growing concern regarding them being polluted with heavy metals. This study measured the heavy metal concentrations in eight different types of medicinal herbs and eight different types of herbal distillates sold in the markets in Sanandaj, Kurdistan, Iran. The concentration of some metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Fe, Zn, Al, Co, Ni, Cr, Pb, and Mg) was quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and the associated health risk for adults and children was estimated...
April 26, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Suad Abdul-Sattar Khudhur Ali, Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmed
Labor is one of the most painful events in a women's life. Frequent change in positions and back massage may be effective in reducing pain during the first stage of labor. The focus of this study was to identify the impact of either change in position or back massage on pain perception during first stage of labor. A quasi-experimental study. Teaching hospital, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, November 2014 to October 2015. Eighty women were interviewed as a study sample when admitted to the labor and delivery area and divided into three groups: 20 women received frequent changes in position (group A), 20 women received back massage (Group B), and 40 women constituted the control group (group C)...
April 18, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Anahit Nazari-Ghadikolaei, Hassan Mehrabani-Yeganeh, Seyed R Miarei-Aashtiani, Elizabeth A Staiger, Amir Rashidi, Heather J Huson
The Markhoz goat provides an opportunity to study the genetics underlying coat color and mohair traits of an Angora type goat using genome-wide association studies (GWAS). This indigenous Iranian breed is valued for its quality mohair used in ceremonial garments and has the distinction of exhibiting an array of coat colors including black, brown, and white. Here, we performed 16 GWAS for different fleece (mohair) traits and coat color in 228 Markhoz goats sampled from the Markhoz Goat Research Station in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, located in western Iran using the Illumina Caprine 50K beadchip...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Ruj Al-Sindy, Heleen Alaqrawy, Mahmood Sh Hafdullah, Christine Butts
Point-of-care ultrasound has become indispensable in the evaluation of trauma, particularly in low resource areas, where it may be the only rapidly available imaging modality. The FAST (Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma) in particular can be lifesaving, by rapidly detecting signs of intra-abdominal hemorrhage. However, the FAST is primarily designed to identify free fluid associated with solid organ injury and is thought to have less sensitivity and power in identifying evidence of hollow viscus injury...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
M Khezri, M Moharrami, H Modirrousta, M Torkaman, B Rokhzad, H Khanbabaie
Aim: Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae is the etiological agent of American foulbrood (AFB), the most virulent bacterial disease of honey bee brood worldwide. In many countries, AFB is a notifiable disease since it is highly contagious, in most cases incurable, and able to kill affected colonies. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of P. larvae subsp . larvae in Kurdistan province apiaries by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 samples were randomly purchased from apiaries in Kurdistan, Iran...
March 2018: Veterinary World
Jamal Seidi, Fatemeh Alhani, Farasat Ardalan
Background: Clinical judgment of nurses to conduct medication orders is based on patient assessment, medication knowledge, observation, and interpretation of the data collected. This process is influenced by many factors. Objective: This study aims to explore nurses' experience about facilitating factors in medication administration based on clinical judgment of nurses. Methods: This qualitative study was part of an approved project research of the Iranian National Institute of Health Research, which was conducted in Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Maryam Parvareh, Asrin Karimi, Satar Rezaei, Abraha Woldemichael, Sairan Nili, Bijan Nouri, Nader Esmail Nasab
Background: Road traffic accidents are commonly encountered incidents that can cause high-intensity injuries to the victims and have direct impacts on the members of the society. Iran has one of the highest incident rates of road traffic accidents. The objective of this study was to model the patterns of road traffic accidents leading to injury in Kurdistan province, Iran. Methods: A time-series analysis was conducted to characterize and predict the frequency of road traffic accidents that lead to injury in Kurdistan province...
2018: Burns and Trauma
Hamdia M Ahmed, Mosleh S Kareem, Nazar P Shabila, Barzhang Q Mzori
BACKGROUND: Religious leaders are one of the key actors in the issue of female genital cutting (FGC) due to the influential position they have in the community and the frequent association of FGC with the religion. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and perspectives of the local religious leaders in Erbil governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan Region about different aspects of FGC. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a sample of 29 local religious leaders...
March 7, 2018: Reproductive Health
Hamid Reza Maghamnia, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Abdolbaset Azizi
The complete genome sequence of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus strain Kurdistan (ZYMV-Kurdistan) infecting squash from Iran was determined from 13 overlapping fragments. Excluding the poly (A) tail, ZYMV-Kurdistan genome consisted of 9593 nucleotides (nt), with 138 and 211 nt at the 5' and 3' non-translated regions, respectively. It contained two open-reading frames (ORFs), the large ORF encoding a polyprotein of 3080 amino acids (aa) and the small overlapping ORF encoding a P3N-PIPO protein of 74 aa. This isolate had six unique aa differences compared to other ZYMV isolates and shared 79...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Shahin Fakour, Salahedin Naserabadi, Elham Ahmadi
Background & objectives: Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic vector-borne disease that primarily affects domestic animals but can also infect humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of antibodies against RVF virus (RVFV) in ruminants, viz. cattle, sheep, and goats in Kurdistan Province of western Iran. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 288 ruminants (118 cattle, 142 sheep and 28 goats) of both sexes, under age groups ≤1, 1-3, 3-5 and ≥5 yr, from January 2016 to December 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Sherko Abdullah Molah Karim, Karzan Seerwan Abdulla, Qalandar Hussein Abdulkarim, Fattah Hama Rahim
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the most difficult and complex surgery that carries a high rate of major complications, including delayed gastric emptying (DGE), pancreatic fistula, bleeding, intra-abdominal collection, and pulmonary complications. In this study, we have tried to demonstrate the outcomes, and rates of complications from patients who had undergone this procedure by our surgical team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study has been constructed on 98 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from May 2010 to November 2017 in three different hospitals of the Sulaimanyah governorate in the Kurdistan region of Iraq by the same surgical team...
April 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Mohammad Ahmadi Jebelli, Afshin Maleki, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Enayatollah Kalantar, Fardin Gharibi, Neda Darvish, Hamidreza Tashayoe
Health of millions of people is threatened by the risk of drinking arsenic-contaminated water worldwide. Arsenic naturally conflicts with the concept of life, but recent studies showed that some microorganisms use toxic minerals as the source of energy. Hence, the researchers should consider the development of cost-effective and highly productive procedures to remove arsenic. The current study was conducted on a native bacterial population of Seyed-Jalaleddin Spring Kurdistan, Iran. Accordingly, the arsenic amount in water samples was measured >500 μg/L by the two field and in vitro methods...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Nawfal R Hussein
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a public health problem. The lack of information about the seroprevalence and risk factors is an obstacle for preventive public health plans to reduce the burden of viral hepatitis. Therefore, this study was conducted in Iraq, where no studies had been performed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of HBV infection. Methods: Blood samples were collected form 438 blood donors attending blood bank in Duhok city...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Sarbast Ihsan Mustafa, Trude Schwarzacher, J S Heslop-Harrison
The geographical centre of domestication and species diversity for sheep (Ovis aries) lies around the Kurdistan region of Northern Iraq, within the 'Fertile Crescent'. From whole genome sequence reads, we assembled the mitochondrial genomes (mtDNA or mitogenome) of five animals of the two main Kurdistani sheep breeds Hamdani and Karadi and found they fitted into known sheep haplogroups (or matrilineages), with some SNPs. Haplotyping 31 animals showed presence of the main Asian (hpgA) and European (hpgB) haplogroups, as well as the rarer Anatolian haplogroup hpgC...
January 31, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Mozaffar Aznab, Sayed Mojtaba Akhmadi
Objective: Despite the development of two significant classifications for recurrence risk evaluation among patients engaged with gastrointestinal stromal tumor and corresponding treatment criteria, recurrence happens in a number of the patients who were once classified as ineligible for treatment and hence removed from treatment program. As such, the aim of the present study is to increase the number of patients recognized as eligible for treatment, so as to further reduce recurrence rate of this disease. Materials and Methods: A total of 26 patients from Ilam, Kermanshah, Lorestan, Kurdistan, and some parts of Hamedan, entered this study from 2006 until 2016...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Barbod Safaei-Mahroo, Hanyeh Ghaffari, Aram Ghafoor, Saywan Amini
We describe a new species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus from the oak woodlands of Zagros Forest Steppe of Qara Dagh Mountains, Sulaimani, northeastern Iraq, based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Hemidactylus kurdicus sp. nov. is distinguished from all other related Arid clade Hemidactylus species in the Middle East by having a single pair of postmental scales; it differs H. turcicus, H. robustus, H. ulii, H. sinaitus, H. shihraensis and H. yerburii based on the number of lamellae under the first and fourth toes of pes...
December 12, 2017: Zootaxa
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