keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

kurdistan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217589/relationship-between-attachment-styles-and-happiness-in-medical-students
#1
Marzyeh Moghadam, Farzin Rezaei, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Negar Rostamian
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory is one of the most important achievements of contemporary psychology. Role of medical students in the community health is important, so we need to know about the situation of happiness and attachment style in these students. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the relationship between medical students' attachment styles and demographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected students of Medical Sciences in Kurdistan University, in 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178134/prognostic-factors-and-survival-of-colorectal-cancer-in-kurdistan-province-iran-a-population-based-study-2009-2014
#2
Mohammad Aziz Rasouli, Ghobad Moradi, Daem Roshani, Bahram Nikkhoo, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Bahman Ghaytasi
Colorectal cancer (CRC) survival varies at individual and geographically level. This population-based study aimed to evaluating various factors affecting the survival rate of CRC patients in Kurdistan province.In a retrospective cohort study, patients diagnosed as CRC were collected through a population-based study from March 1, 2009 to 2014. The data were collected from Kurdistan's Cancer Registry database. Additional information and missing data were collected reference to patients' homes, medical records, and pathology reports...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165869/a-field-study-of-plague-and-tularemia-in-rodents-western-iran
#3
Ehsan Mostafavi, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Alireza Japoni-Nejad, Saber Esmaeili, Jamshid Darvish, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Ali Mohammadi, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Behzad Pourhossein, Ahmad Ghasemi, Miklós Gyuranecz, Elisabeth Carniel
INTRODUCTION: Kurdistan Province in Iran is a historical focus for plague and tularemia. This study aimed at assessing the current status of these two foci by studying their rodent reservoirs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rodents were trapped and their ectoparasites were collected. The genus and species of both rodents and ectoparasites were determined. Serological analyses of rodent blood samples were done by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for plague and by standard tube agglutination assay for tularemia...
February 6, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118142/modified-activated-carbon-prepared-from-acorn-shells-as-a-new-solid-phase-extraction-sorbent-for-the-preconcentration-and-determination-of-trace-amounts-of-nickel-in-food-samples-prior-to-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry
#4
Bahram Ebrahimi
A new solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbent was introduced based on acidic-modified (AM) activated carbon (AC) preparedfrom acorn shells of native oak trees in Kurdistan. Hydrochloric acid (15%, w/w) and nitric acid (32.5%, w/w) were used to condition and modify AC. The IR spectra of AC and AM-AC showed that AM lead to the formation of increasing numbers of acidic functional groups on AM-AC. AM-AC was used in the SPE method for the extraction and preconcentration of Ni<sup>+2</sup> prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination at ng/mL levels in model and real food samples...
November 17, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107395/prevalence-of-pre-analytical-errors-in-clinical-chemistry-diagnostic-labs-in-sulaimani-city-of-iraqi-kurdistan
#5
Dereen Najat
BACKGROUND: Laboratory testing is roughly divided into three phases: a pre-analytical phase, an analytical phase and a post-analytical phase. Most analytical errors have been attributed to the analytical phase. However, recent studies have shown that up to 70% of analytical errors reflect the pre-analytical phase. The pre-analytical phase comprises all processes from the time a laboratory request is made by a physician until the specimen is analyzed at the lab. Generally, the pre-analytical phase includes patient preparation, specimen transportation, specimen collection and storage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077096/rates-and-trends-in-cesarean-sections-between-2008-and-2012-in-iraq
#6
Nazar P Shabila
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cesarean sections is increasing globally; however, it can lead to significant increases in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the rates and trends of cesarean sections in Iraq. METHODS: The cesarean section rates of all births and public and private hospital-based births were calculated from the data on births provided by the annual reports of the Iraqi Ministry of Health for the years 2008 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054533/application-of-accelerated-failure-time-models-for-breast-cancer-patients-survival-in-kurdistan-province-of-iran
#7
Asrin Karimi, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri
CONTEXT: Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second common cause of cancer-induced mortalities in Iranian women. There has been a rapid development in hazard models and survival analysis in the last decade. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients using accelerated failure time models (AFT). SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a retrospective-analytic cohort study...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029062/the-main-constituents-of-tulipa-systola-stapf-roots-and-flowers-their-antioxidant-activities
#8
Mohammed Farhad Ibrahim, Faiq Hama Saeed Hussain, Giuseppe Zanoni, Giovanni Vidari
People living on the mountains of the Kurdistan Region, Iraq make a large use of herbs in the local traditional medicine. Among them, Tulipa systola, which grows under and between rocks, is very popular as an anti-inflammatory remedy and pain-relief. The phytochemical study of an ethanolic extract obtained from flowers and roots of Tulip (T systola Stapf.) afforded three compounds, identified as (+)-1-O-E-feruloyl-3-O-E-p-coumaroylglycerol (1), (+)-6-tuliposide A (2), and (-)-kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (3). The significant radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of the isolated compounds were evaluated on three tests, by determining the DPPH free radical scavenging activity, the total antioxidant activity and the hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity...
December 28, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028521/beijing-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-smear-positive-tuberculosis-patients-in-north-west-and-west-of-iran
#9
Leyla Sahebi, Khalil Ansarin, Sven Hoffner, Parviz Mohajeri, Abolghasem Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among chronic infectious diseases. The goal of this cross-sectional study (2012-2014) was to examine the prevalence of Mycobacterium TB (MTB) Beijing strains in regions near the Iranian border and to identify any epidemiological links. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To this end, MTB isolates were harvested, from 64 HIV-negative, pulmonary smear-positive TB patients from the Iranian border provinces of East Azerbaijan (North-West), Kurdistan (West), and Kermanshah (West) (2012-2014)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998156/reliability-and-validity-of-kurdish-language-version-of-health-promoting-lifestyle-profile-ii-among-kurdish-healthcare-providers-kurdish-version-of-hplp-ii
#10
Aram Salih Mohammed Amin Kamali, Roya Sadeghi, Azar Tol, Mahdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles pose significant threat to public health. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a Kurdish version of the HPLP-II instrument among Kurdish healthcare providers, whose society and culture differ from that of North America and Spain, where the instrument was developed. METHODS: The instrument was translated into Kurdish, back translated, and pilot tested to ascertain cultural sensitivity. It was then evaluated using a convenience sample of 460 healthcare providers in the Kurdistan region, northern Iraq using a principal components factor analysis...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982513/a-new-iridoid-dimer-and-other-constituents-from-the-traditional-kurdish-plant-pterocephalus-nestorianus-nab
#11
Fuad O Abdullah, Faiq H S Hussain, Marco Clericuzio, Alessio Porta, Giovanni Vidari
Accompanied by other rare compounds, a new iridoid dimer, named kurdnestorianoside (1), showing an unprecedented secologanol stereochemistry, has been isolated for the first time from the Kurdish medicinal plant Pterocephalus nestorianus, which is used in Kurdistan for treating oral diseases and inflammation. The structure of 1 was established from 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. Kaempferol 3-O-(3'',6''-di-O-E-p-coumaroyl) β-D-glucopyranoside (7) showed a remarkable antiproliferative activity against several human tumor cell lines...
December 16, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938869/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-on-sexual-functions
#12
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Alireza Farnam, Parvaneh Abotalebi, Sahar Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) or female circumcision is the procedure of eliminating some or all parts of the external female genitalia. FGM/C is carried out by traditional circumcisers. They usually use cutting tools like a blade or straight-razor. Although FGM/C is well described in the African continent and some Arabic countries, data from Iran are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The major objective of this current study was to investigate the effects of FGM/C on the female sexual function of married women compared to the non-circumcised women in the Kurdistan province of Iran...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917183/responses-of-soil-microbial-biomass-and-enzyme-activities-to-tillage-and-fertilization-systems-in-soybean-glycine-max-l-production
#13
Gholamreza Heidari, Khosro Mohammadi, Yousef Sohrabi
Tillage operation and fertilizer type play important roles in soil properties as far as soil microbial condition is concerned. Information regarding the simultaneous evaluation of the effect of long-term tillage and fertilization on the soil microbial traits of soybean farms is not available. Accordingly, it was hypothesized that, the microbial biomass and enzyme activity, more often than not, respond quickly to changes in soil tillage and fertilization. Therefore, the experiments were aimed at analyzing the responses of soil microbial traits to tillage and fertilization in a soybean field in Kurdistan University, Iran...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912188/bacillus-flexus-strain-as-12-a-new-arsenic-transformer-bacterium-isolated-from-contaminated-water-resources
#14
Mohammad Ahmadi Jebeli, Afshin Maleki, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Enayatollah Kalantar, Hassan Izanloo, Fardin Gharibi
A total of 14 arsenic-resistant bacteria were isolated from an arsenic-contaminated travertine spring water in the central district of Qorveh county, Kurdistan Province, Iran. One of strains designated As-12 was selected for further investigation because of its ability to transform arsenic. The strain was identified by cultural, morphological and biochemical tests, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Finally, the growth characteristics of the isolate were investigated in a chemically defined medium which included varied ranges of environmental factors such as pH, temperature and salinity...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#15
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847016/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-duhok-province-kurdistan-are-hbsag-and-anti-hcv-prerequisite-screening-parameters-in-tuberculosis-control-program
#16
Muayad A Merza, Safer M Haji, Abid Mohialdeen Hasan Alsharafani, Shivan U Muhammed
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), infections and tuberculosis (TB) are a global public health concern. Co-infection with HBV or HCV among TB patients may potentiate the risk of hepatotoxicity induced by anti-TB drugs. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HBV and HCV among TB patients included in the Duhok National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). METHODS: The Duhok NTP Center is a specialized institution in Duhok City, Iraq, concerned with management and follow-up of TB patients...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832433/biodegradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-by-bacteria-with-highly-antibiotic-resistant-pattern-isolated-from-wheat-field-soils-in-kurdistan-iran
#17
Solmaz Karami, Afshin Maleki, Ebrahim Karimi, Helen Poormazaheri, Shiva Zandi, Behrooz Davari, Yahya Zand Salimi, Fardin Gharibi, Enayatollah Kalantar
Recently, there has been increasing interest to clean up the soils contaminated with herbicide. Our aim was to determine the bioremediation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) from wheat fields which have a long history of herbicide in Sanandaj. Based on our literature survey, this study is the first report to isolate and identify antimicrobial resistant bacteria from polluted wheat field soils in Sanandaj which has the capacity to degrade 2,4-D. From 150 2,4-D-exposed soil samples, five different bacteria were isolated and identified based on biochemical tests and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790342/meanings-of-health-for-iranian-diabetic-patients-a-qualitative-study
#18
Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Golnaz Esmaeil Nasab, Shahnaz Khaledi
INTRODUCTION: Health is an exclusive and subjective phenomenon, and one of the most important situations with regard to perception of health, arises when patients suffer from a chronic disease. This study was conducted within the qualitative research framework and aimed to explore the meanings of health as perceived by a group of Iranian diabetic patients. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative analysis design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants among diabetic patients, who were admitted to the diabetes care centre of Tohid Hospital of the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran during a ten-month period in 2014...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766236/economic-inequalities-amongst-women-with-osteoporosis-related-fractures-an-application-of-concentration-index-decomposition
#19
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Farzaneh Golboni, Mohammad Hasan Kazemi-Galougahi, Nasrin Moghimi
Background: Considering the renewed emphasis on women's health, attention to the new aspects of their health, such as equity, among different groups is warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the economic inequalities among women with osteoporosis-related bone fractures (ORBFs) in Sanandaj, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, convenient sampling was employed to recruit 220 women with osteoporosis referring to the only rheumatology clinic in Sanandaj (the center of Kurdistan province in Iran) from January to April 2013...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709464/heavy-metals-hms-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-soils-of-different-land-uses-in-erbil-metropolis-kurdistan-region-iraq
#20
Keyvan Amjadian, Elisa Sacchi, Meisam Rastegari Mehr
Urban soil contamination is a growing concern for the potential health impact on the increasing number of people living in these areas. In this study, the concentration, the distribution, the contamination levels, and the role of land use were investigated in Erbil metropolis, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. A total of 74 soil samples were collected, treated, and analyzed for their physicochemical properties, and for 7 heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn) and 16 PAH contents. High concentrations, especially of Cd, Cu Pb, and Zn, were found...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
keyword
keyword
61856
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"