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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077096/rates-and-trends-in-cesarean-sections-between-2008-and-2012-in-iraq
#1
Nazar P Shabila
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cesarean sections is increasing globally; however, it can lead to significant increases in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the rates and trends of cesarean sections in Iraq. METHODS: The cesarean section rates of all births and public and private hospital-based births were calculated from the data on births provided by the annual reports of the Iraqi Ministry of Health for the years 2008 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054533/application-of-accelerated-failure-time-models-for-breast-cancer-patients-survival-in-kurdistan-province-of-iran
#2
Asrin Karimi, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri
CONTEXT: Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second common cause of cancer-induced mortalities in Iranian women. There has been a rapid development in hazard models and survival analysis in the last decade. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients using accelerated failure time models (AFT). SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a retrospective-analytic cohort study...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029062/the-main-constituents-of-tulipa-systola-stapf-roots-and-flowers-their-antioxidant-activities
#3
Mohammed Farhad Ibrahim, Faiq Hama Saeed Hussain, Giuseppe Zanoni, Giovanni Vidari
People living on the mountains of the Kurdistan Region, Iraq make a large use of herbs in the local traditional medicine. Among them, Tulipa systola, which grows under and between rocks, is very popular as an anti-inflammatory remedy and pain-relief. The phytochemical study of an ethanolic extract obtained from flowers and roots of Tulip (T systola Stapf.) afforded three compounds, identified as (+)-1-O-E-feruloyl-3-O-E-p-coumaroylglycerol (1), (+)-6-tuliposide A (2), and (-)-kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (3). The significant radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of the isolated compounds were evaluated on three tests, by determining the DPPH free radical scavenging activity, the total antioxidant activity and the hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity...
December 28, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028521/beijing-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-smear-positive-tuberculosis-patients-in-north-west-and-west-of-iran
#4
Leyla Sahebi, Khalil Ansarin, Sven Hoffner, Parviz Mohajeri, Abolghasem Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among chronic infectious diseases. The goal of this cross-sectional study (2012-2014) was to examine the prevalence of Mycobacterium TB (MTB) Beijing strains in regions near the Iranian border and to identify any epidemiological links. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To this end, MTB isolates were harvested, from 64 HIV-negative, pulmonary smear-positive TB patients from the Iranian border provinces of East Azerbaijan (North-West), Kurdistan (West), and Kermanshah (West) (2012-2014)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998156/reliability-and-validity-of-kurdish-language-version-of-health-promoting-lifestyle-profile-ii-among-kurdish-healthcare-providers-kurdish-version-of-hplp-ii
#5
Aram Salih Mohammed Amin Kamali, Roya Sadeghi, Azar Tol, Mahdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles pose significant threat to public health. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a Kurdish version of the HPLP-II instrument among Kurdish healthcare providers, whose society and culture differ from that of North America and Spain, where the instrument was developed. METHODS: The instrument was translated into Kurdish, back translated, and pilot tested to ascertain cultural sensitivity. It was then evaluated using a convenience sample of 460 healthcare providers in the Kurdistan region, northern Iraq using a principal components factor analysis...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982513/a-new-iridoid-dimer-and-other-constituents-from-the-traditional-kurdish-plant-pterocephalus-nestorianus-nab
#6
Fuad O Abdullah, Faiq H S Hussain, Marco Clericuzio, Alessio Porta, Giovanni Vidari
Accompanied by other rare compounds, a new iridoid dimer, named kurdnestorianoside (1), showing an unprecedented secologanol stereochemistry, has been isolated for the first time from the Kurdish medicinal plant Pterocephalus nestorianus, which is used in Kurdistan for treating oral diseases and inflammation. The structure of 1 was established from 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. Kaempferol 3-O-(3'',6''-di-O-E-p-coumaroyl) β-D-glucopyranoside (7) showed a remarkable antiproliferative activity against several human tumor cell lines...
December 16, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938869/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-on-sexual-functions
#7
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Alireza Farnam, Parvaneh Abotalebi, Sahar Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) or female circumcision is the procedure of eliminating some or all parts of the external female genitalia. FGM/C is carried out by traditional circumcisers. They usually use cutting tools like a blade or straight-razor. Although FGM/C is well described in the African continent and some Arabic countries, data from Iran are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The major objective of this current study was to investigate the effects of FGM/C on the female sexual function of married women compared to the non-circumcised women in the Kurdistan province of Iran...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917183/responses-of-soil-microbial-biomass-and-enzyme-activities-to-tillage-and-fertilization-systems-in-soybean-glycine-max-l-production
#8
Gholamreza Heidari, Khosro Mohammadi, Yousef Sohrabi
Tillage operation and fertilizer type play important roles in soil properties as far as soil microbial condition is concerned. Information regarding the simultaneous evaluation of the effect of long-term tillage and fertilization on the soil microbial traits of soybean farms is not available. Accordingly, it was hypothesized that, the microbial biomass and enzyme activity, more often than not, respond quickly to changes in soil tillage and fertilization. Therefore, the experiments were aimed at analyzing the responses of soil microbial traits to tillage and fertilization in a soybean field in Kurdistan University, Iran...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912188/bacillus-flexus-strain-as-12-a-new-arsenic-transformer-bacterium-isolated-from-contaminated-water-resources
#9
Mohammad Ahmadi Jebeli, Afshin Maleki, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Enayatollah Kalantar, Hassan Izanloo, Fardin Gharibi
A total of 14 arsenic-resistant bacteria were isolated from an arsenic-contaminated travertine spring water in the central district of Qorveh county, Kurdistan Province, Iran. One of strains designated As-12 was selected for further investigation because of its ability to transform arsenic. The strain was identified by cultural, morphological and biochemical tests, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Finally, the growth characteristics of the isolate were investigated in a chemically defined medium which included varied ranges of environmental factors such as pH, temperature and salinity...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#10
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847016/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-duhok-province-kurdistan-are-hbsag-and-anti-hcv-prerequisite-screening-parameters-in-tuberculosis-control-program
#11
Muayad A Merza, Safer M Haji, Abid Mohialdeen Hasan Alsharafani, Shivan U Muhammed
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), infections and tuberculosis (TB) are a global public health concern. Co-infection with HBV or HCV among TB patients may potentiate the risk of hepatotoxicity induced by anti-TB drugs. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HBV and HCV among TB patients included in the Duhok National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). METHODS: The Duhok NTP Center is a specialized institution in Duhok City, Iraq, concerned with management and follow-up of TB patients...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832433/biodegradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-by-bacteria-with-highly-antibiotic-resistant-pattern-isolated-from-wheat-field-soils-in-kurdistan-iran
#12
Solmaz Karami, Afshin Maleki, Ebrahim Karimi, Helen Poormazaheri, Shiva Zandi, Behrooz Davari, Yahya Zand Salimi, Fardin Gharibi, Enayatollah Kalantar
Recently, there has been increasing interest to clean up the soils contaminated with herbicide. Our aim was to determine the bioremediation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) from wheat fields which have a long history of herbicide in Sanandaj. Based on our literature survey, this study is the first report to isolate and identify antimicrobial resistant bacteria from polluted wheat field soils in Sanandaj which has the capacity to degrade 2,4-D. From 150 2,4-D-exposed soil samples, five different bacteria were isolated and identified based on biochemical tests and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790342/meanings-of-health-for-iranian-diabetic-patients-a-qualitative-study
#13
Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Golnaz Esmaeil Nasab, Shahnaz Khaledi
INTRODUCTION: Health is an exclusive and subjective phenomenon, and one of the most important situations with regard to perception of health, arises when patients suffer from a chronic disease. This study was conducted within the qualitative research framework and aimed to explore the meanings of health as perceived by a group of Iranian diabetic patients. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative analysis design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants among diabetic patients, who were admitted to the diabetes care centre of Tohid Hospital of the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran during a ten-month period in 2014...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766236/economic-inequalities-amongst-women-with-osteoporosis-related-fractures-an-application-of-concentration-index-decomposition
#14
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Farzaneh Golboni, Mohammad Hasan Kazemi-Galougahi, Nasrin Moghimi
Background: Considering the renewed emphasis on women's health, attention to the new aspects of their health, such as equity, among different groups is warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the economic inequalities among women with osteoporosis-related bone fractures (ORBFs) in Sanandaj, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, convenient sampling was employed to recruit 220 women with osteoporosis referring to the only rheumatology clinic in Sanandaj (the center of Kurdistan province in Iran) from January to April 2013...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709464/heavy-metals-hms-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-soils-of-different-land-uses-in-erbil-metropolis-kurdistan-region-iraq
#15
Keyvan Amjadian, Elisa Sacchi, Meisam Rastegari Mehr
Urban soil contamination is a growing concern for the potential health impact on the increasing number of people living in these areas. In this study, the concentration, the distribution, the contamination levels, and the role of land use were investigated in Erbil metropolis, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. A total of 74 soil samples were collected, treated, and analyzed for their physicochemical properties, and for 7 heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn) and 16 PAH contents. High concentrations, especially of Cd, Cu Pb, and Zn, were found...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701182/eidinemacheilus-proudlovei-a-new-subterranean-loach-from-iraqi-kurdistan-teleostei-nemacheilidae
#16
Jörg Freyhof, Younis Sabir Abdullah, Korsh Ararat, Hamad Ibrahim, Matthias F Geiger
Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, new species, is described from subterranean waters in the Little Zab River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. After the discovery of E. smithi in 1976, E. proudlovei is the second troglomorphic nemacheilid loach found in the Middle East and the second species placed in Eidinemacheilus. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei is distinguished from E. smithi by having 8+8 or 8+7 branched caudal-fin rays, no adipose keel on the caudal peduncle, enlarged jaws and a fully developed head canal system. It furthers differs substantially in its DNA barcode (>8% K2P distance) from all other nemacheilid loaches in the Middle East, Europe and Western India...
October 4, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687675/detection-of-infectious-pancreatic-necrosis-virus-from-the-leeches-hemiclepsis-marginata-and-hirudo-medicinalis
#17
Behnam Salimi, Kazem Abdi
Leeches have been reported to harbor several important fish pathogens, including spring viremia of carp virus, infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), and also may contain blood protozoa. In the present study, leeches were collected from water bodies located in Kurdistan province, Iran. The specimens were tested for IHNV, VHSV, and infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) using the PCR method. The results showed that two different species of leeches, Hemiclepsis marginata and Hirudo medicinalis, were infected by IPNV among the seven species studied...
December 2016: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644681/increased-trend-of-haematological-malignancies-in-kurdistan-region-iraq
#18
Ramadhan T Othman, Nawfal R Hussein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609624/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-trauma-informed-support-skills-and-psychoeducation-intervention-for-survivors-of-torture-and-related-trauma-in-kurdistan-northern-iraq
#19
Judith Bass, Sarah McIvor Murray, Thikra Ahmed Mohammed, Mary Bunn, William Gorman, Ahmed Mohammed Amin Ahmed, Laura Murray, Paul Bolton
Supportive counseling type interventions are frequently provided to meet the mental health needs of populations in emergency and post-conflicts contexts, but it has seldom been rigorously evaluated. Existing evaluations from low- and middle-income countries provide mixed evidence of effectiveness. While Iraqi Kurdistan experienced relative stability following the fall of Saddam Hussein's government, the population in the northern Dohuk region has continued to experience periodic violence due to conflicts with neighboring Turkey as well as more recent ISIS-associated violence...
September 28, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589994/serological-survey-of-leptospirosis-among-different-groups-in-western-iran
#20
Saber Esmaeili, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Fahimeh Bagheri Amiri, Mohammad Karimi, Ehsan Mostafavi
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis and a major public health problem. Blood sampling was done in the province of Kurdistan from 250 members of different groups, including hunters and their families, butchers and slaughterhouse workers, healthcare workers (HCWs) and those referred to medical diagnostic laboratories for routine testing. Sera were tested using an ELISA method to detect specific Leptsopira IgG antibodies. We found 20.80% (95% confidence interval, 16.23-26.25%) to be positive. The highest and lowest seroprevalence were in hunters (26%) and HCWs (18%)...
September 2, 2016: Tropical Doctor
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