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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911406/ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-a-method-of-treating-sialorrhea
#1
Pierangelo Barbero, Marco Busso, Carlo Alberto Artusi, Stefania De Mercanti, Marco Tinivella, Andrea Veltri, Luca Durelli, Marinella Clerico
Neurological diseases can be complicated by sialorrhea, an excessive flow of saliva. Patients suffering from moderate to severe sialorrhea have an impaired quality of life, often worsened by correlated complications such as aspiration pneumonia, oral infections, dental caries, and maceration of the skin. Diverse therapeutic approaches have been proposed for the treatment of sialorrhea, including surgery and the use of anticholinergic agents, with limited results and the possible occurrence of serious adverse events...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909628/deep-brain-stimulation-salvages-a-flourishing-dental-practice-a-dentist-with-essential-tremor-recounts-his-experience
#2
EDITORIAL
Guy Giacopuzzi, Melanie Lising, Casey H Halpern
In recounting his experience with deep brain stimulation (DBS), a practicing dentist challenged with long-standing bilateral essential tremor of the hands shares insights into his diagnosis, treatments, and ultimately successful DBS surgery at Stanford University Medical Center, CA, USA. Now nearly one year after his surgery, his practice continues to flourish and he encourages others in his profession to consider the possibility of DBS as a definitive treatment for tremors of the hand, which may salvage their practice...
October 22, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899019/antibiotic-resistance-in-severe-orofacial-infections
#3
Min Kyoung Kim, Sung-Kiang Chuang, Meredith August
PURPOSE: This study assessed the antibiotic resistance profile in patients with severe orofacial infections treated at a single institution from 2009 through 2014. Factors contributing to resistance were studied. The resistance profile was compared with that of a cohort of similar patients treated a decade previously to identify changes in antibiotic resistance. In addition, the effect of antibiotic resistance on in-hospital course was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a 5-year retrospective cohort study...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898626/dental-trauma-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-referral-center
#4
Emily Hall, Patricia Hickey, Thuy Nguyen-Tran, Jeff Louie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe dental and associated oral injuries in a pediatric population that presents to an emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 2007 to September 2011. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 19 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for any dental or oral injury. Data abstraction included demographics, time of day of presentation, location and identification of tooth (s) injured, management, and disposition...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895348/a-6-year-evaluation-of-223-tapered-dental-implants-and-associated-prosthesis-in-92-patients-at-a-university-hospital
#5
Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali
The aim of the retrospective study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcome of the dental implant surgery and prosthetics. It was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised of medical charts and radiographic records of patients visiting between 2010 and 2015. Variables such as implant dimensions, final prosthesis, method of retention, loading protocol and patient factors were analysed. A total of 223 implants (143(64.1%) in maxilla and 80(35.9%) in mandible) were placed in 92 subjects (50(54...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893553/healing-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#6
Farshid Bastami, Peyman Vares, Arash Khojasteh
Regeneration of peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) has been a major challenging issue in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Inferior alveolar nerve and lingual nerve injuries are the major difficulties and complications of oral surgeries following dental implant placement, etc. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the regeneration of PNIs. Medline NCBI databases were searched for related articles up to and including May 2016. Being published in English papers, use of PRP in peripheral nerve regeneration, in vivo studies, and having histological evaluations was the inclusion criteria...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891314/comparison-of-views-on-the-need-for-continuing-education-on-oral-cancer-between-general-dentists-and-oral-medicine-experts-a-delphi-survey
#7
S Leuci, M Aria, M Nicolò, G Spagnuolo, K Warnakulasuriya, M D Mignogna
OBJECTIVES: The role of dental professionals in screening for oral cancer has been limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the educational priorities of oral medicine specialists, general dental practitioners, and doctors of dental surgery with regards to the diagnosis and management of oral cancers and potential malignant disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This was a longitudinal survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Delphi survey was directed to a panel of 25 oral medicine specialists asking them to identify the major difficulties in diagnosing and managing patients with oral cancer or suspected malignancy...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885569/delayed-retrieval-of-a-displaced-maxillary-third-molar-from-infratemporal-space-via-trans-sinusoidal-approach-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Metin Sencimen, Aydin Gülses, Sencer Secer, Tamer Zerener, Savaş Özarslantürk
AIM: The aim of this case report is to present the trans-sinusoidal pathway used to remove a displaced maxillary third molar from the infratemporal fossa and review the English literature regarding the techniques used. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old male patient was referred with the findings of an oroantral fistula on the left maxillary vestibular first molar region and slight restriction of mouth opening. The patient underwent a maxillary sinus surgery in order to remove a sinus retention cyst via Caldwell-Luc access in a dental clinic 4 years ago...
November 24, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884718/micro-ct-analysis-of-naturally-arrested-brown-spot-enamel-lesions
#9
Mahdi Shahmoradi, Michael V Swain
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the mineral density parameters through natural enamel brown spot lesions (BSLs) and to visualize and map their mineral distribution pattern in comparison to enamel white-spot lesions (WSLs). METHODS: Study specimens included seventeen proximal WSLs (ICDAS 1, 2), seventeen proximal BSLs and seventeen sound proximal specimens (ICDAS 0) collected from The Oral Surgery Department at Sydney Dental Hospital, Sydney, Australia...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883909/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-a-fatty-acid-mixture-with-high-%C3%AF-9-%C3%AF-6-ratio-and-low-%C3%AF-6-%C3%AF-3-ratio-on-rats-submitted-to-dental-extraction
#10
Radamés Bezerra Melo, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Reinaldo Barreto Oriá, José Ulisses de Souza Melo, Conceição da Silva Martins, Aline Matos Cunha, Paulo Roberto Leitão Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of pretreatment for three days with a fatty acid mixture with high ω-9:ω-6 ratio and low ω-6:ω-3 ratio on rats submitted to dental extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (270-310g) were randomly distributed in four groups (n=8/group): the sham control group and the negative control group received saline; the high omega-6/low omega-9 group received isolipid fatty acid with high ω-6:ω-3 ratio and low ω-9:ω-6 ratio; the high omega-3/low omega-6 group received fatty acid with low ω-6:ω-3 ratio and high ω-9:ω-6 ratio...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882311/retrospective-clinical-study-of-an-implant-with-a-sandblasted-large-grit-acid-etched-surface-and-internal-connection-analysis-of-short-term-success-rate-and-marginal-bone-loss
#11
Jae-Wang Lee, Jun Hyeong An, Sang-Hoon Park, Jong-Hyon Chong, Gwang-Seok Kim, JeongJoon Han, Seunggon Jung, Min-Suk Kook, Hee-Kyun Oh, Sun-Youl Ryu, Hong-Ju Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical utility of an implant with a sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) surface and internal connection. METHODS: Six patients who received dental implants in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital, were analyzed by factors influencing the success rate and marginal bone loss. Factors included patient's age, sex, implant installation site, whether bone graft was done, type of bone graft materials, approaching method if sinus lift was done, and the size of the fixture...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881639/enhancement-of-osseointegration-by-direct-coating-of-rhbmp-2-on-target-ion-induced-plasma-sputtering-treated-sla-surface-for-dental-application
#12
Sungwon Kim, Cheonil Park, Byeong-Seok Moon, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Tae-Sik Jang
Owing to the excellent bioactive properties of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs), dentistry considers them as a fascinating adjuvant alternative for enhancing bone regeneration and bone-to-implant junction in the early implantation stages. However, stable loading and delivery efficiency of rhBMPs on the implant surfaces involve major concerns because of the harsh wearing condition under load during implantation. In this study, to achieve successful rhBMP-2 delivery, a nanoporous surface structure is introduced on the sandblasting with large grit and acid-etching (SLA)-treated titanium (Ti) surface via the tantalum (Ta) target-ion induced plasma sputtering (TIPS) technique...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875708/does-restriction-of-public-health-care-dental-benefits-affect-the-volume-severity-or-cost-of-dental-related-hospital-visits
#13
David Salomon, R Eric Heidel, Antonia Kolokythas, Michael Miloro, Thomas Schlieve
PURPOSE: On July 1, 2012, the Illinois legislature passed the Save Medicaid Access and Resources Together (SMART) Act, which restricts adult public dental insurance coverage to emergency-only treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of this restriction on the volume, severity, and treatment costs of odontogenic infections in an urban hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients presenting for odontogenic pain or infection at the University of Illinois Hospital was performed...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875054/the-role-of-dietary-supplements-in-postsurgical-bleeding-an-update-for-the-practitioner
#14
Alessandro Grisa, Salvatore Florio, Elisabetta Bellia, Sang-Choon Cho, Stuart J Froum
In the United States, dietary supplement use in adults aged 20 and older has increased significantly in the last 2 decades. Intraoperative and postoperative bleeding has been among the complications linked with usage, which is particularly problematic if patients do not disclose use to the dental practitioner. The aim of this article is to present a case report of a patient who had been taking dietary supplements for only 1 month and developed severe bleeding after receiving second-stage implant abutment insertion surgery...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871617/management-of-cannabis-induced-periodontitis-via-resective-surgical-therapy-a-clinical-report
#15
Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Philip Kang
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: There is a lack of clinical research on the potential effect of cannabis use on the periodontium as well as its effect on treatment outcomes. The aim of this case report is to illustrate the clinical presentation of periodontal disease in a young woman who was a chronic cannabis user, as well as successful treatment involving motivating the patient to quit cannabis use and undergo nonsurgical and surgical therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 23-year-old woman sought care at the dental clinic for periodontal treatment...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871294/newly-designed-retentive-posts-of-mandibular-reconstruction-plate-in-oral-cancer-patients-based-on-preliminary-fem-study
#16
Ik Jae Kwon, Mi Young Eo, Sung Jae Park, Soung Min Kim, Jong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of a large mandibular defect poses a challenging issue in oral cancer ablation surgery. One popular option for mandibular continuity reconstruction after tumor resection involves the use of a reconstruction plate (R-plate), which maintains space and contour without bone harvesting. An R-plate, however, cannot provide final functional loading rehabilitation with implants or dentures. METHODS: We suggest a new method of functional mandibular reconstruction using retentive posts and an upper prosthesis...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869974/-evaluating-productivity-targets-achievement-in-dental-specialty-centers-from-maranh%C3%A3-o-state-brazil-2011
#17
Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Grazianne Medeiros Carvalho de Sousa, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Liberata Campos Coimbra
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate productivity targets achievement (PTA) in Dental Specialty Centers (DSCs) from Maranhão State, Brazil. METHODS: this was an ecologic study using secondary data; an indicator for PTA was created for each subgroup of procedures. RESULTS: 25 DSCs were evaluated; the PTA was higher for basic procedures (n=19), followed by endodontics (n=11), oral surgery (n=9) and periodontics (n=8); the best results were obtained at DSCs type II; higher PTA was associated with financial anticipation (basic procedures) and higher Human Development Index, life expectancy and social exclusion rate (endodontics); lower PTA was associated with larger population (endodontics/oral surgery), adherence to the Pact for Health (periodontics/endodontics), larger number of specialties (periodontics) and bigger DSC (oral surgery)...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866699/recording-the-trajectory-of-mouth-opening-and-closing-for-the-fabrication-of-an-occlusal-splint
#18
Jong-Eun Kim, Joo Hyun Kwon, Jee-Hwan Kim, June-Sung Shim
Various attempts have been made to transfer the transverse hinge axis and mandibular movement pattern to the mechanical articulator and to fabricate dental prostheses with the fewest errors. However, the occlusal adjustment of a dental prosthesis is always necessary to ensure a precise intraoral fit even when the facebow transfer technique is used in the cast mounting procedure. This is because the true hinge axis is not obtained when the facebow is applied to a patient who exhibits a variable mandible movement pattern rather than a single rotational axis...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866697/development-and-capture-of-soft-tissue-contours-at-time-of-implant-placement
#19
Lambert J Stumpel, Chandur Wadhwani
A technique is described which will generate a customized healing abutment for a dental implant to allow the development of ideal soft tissue contours. With implant position and soft tissue contours defined at surgery, customized impression techniques can be used to capture those details and help generate the definitive implant-supported restoration. This workflow reduces the number of patient visits.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861649/biomechanical-biologic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-undersized-implant-surgical-preparation-a-systematic-review
#20
Michele Stocchero, Marco Toia, Denis Cecchinato, Jonas P Becktor, Paulo G Coelho, Ryo Jimbo
PURPOSE: To compile the current evidence on biomechanical, biologic, and clinical outcomes of undersized surgical preparation protocols in dental implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search using three different databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library) and a manual hand search were performed including in vitro, animal, and clinical studies published prior to October 2015. Studies in which an undersized drilling protocol was compared with a nonundersized drilling protocol were included...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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