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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535616/drug-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-the-state-of-the-art
#1
A Fassio, F Bertoldo, L Idolazzi, O Viapiana, M Rossini, D Gatti
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare adverse event of antiresorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DMAb). The diagnosis of ONJ is considered in cases where exposed bone in the maxillofacial region does not heal within 8 weeks in a patient previously treated with an antiresorptive agent. In patients with osteoporosis, ONJ is reported as a very rare adverse event while in oncologic patients with bone metastases or malignant hypercalcemia the incidence is significantly higher (up to the 1-10% of the patients)...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533807/malignant-soft-tissue-sarcoma-of-the-shoulder-treated-by-surface-mould-brachytherapy-boost-in-an-adjuvant-setting
#2
Ashutosh Mukherji, Mourougan Sinnatamby
PURPOSE: Soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities account for half of all soft tissue sarcomas. Radiotherapy and surgery have been the standard modalities in the treatment of this type of cancer. Brachytherapy can be used as the sole therapy, if the target volume is localized and easily accessible. This work reports three cases of shoulder soft tissue sarcomas with positive deep resected margins, treated with a combination of external beam radiotherapy and surface mould brachytherapy boost technique...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531377/following-surgically-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-do-tooth-borne-or-bone-borne-appliances-provide-more-skeletal-expansion-and-dental-expansion
#3
Adrien Hamedi-Sangsari, Zahra Chinipardaz, Lee Carrasco
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare outcome measurements of skeletal and dental expansion with bone-borne (BB) versus tooth-borne (TB) appliances after surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). This study was performed to provide quantitative measurements that will help the oral surgeon and orthodontist in selecting the appliance with, on average, the greatest amount of skeletal expansion and the least amount of dental expansion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized database search was performed using PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar on publications in reputable oral surgery and orthodontic journals...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530133/efficacy-of-a-self-assembling-peptide-hydrogel-spg-178-gel-for-bone-regeneration-and-three-dimensional-osteogenic-induction-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#4
Jun Tsukamoto, Keiko Naruse, Yusuke Nagai, Shuhei Kan, Nobuhisa Nakamura, Masaki Hata, Maiko Omi, Tatsuhide Hayashi, Tatsushi Kawai, Tatsuaki Matsubara
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a self-assembling peptide hydrogel as a scaffold for bone regeneration. We used a neutral and injectable self-assembling peptide hydrogel, SPG-178-Gel. Bone defects (5 mm in diameter) in rat calvarial bones were filled with a mixture of alpha-modified Eagle's medium and the peptide hydrogel. Three weeks after surgery, soft X-ray and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) images of the gel-treated bones showed new bone formations in the periphery and in central areas of the defects...
May 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529934/coronoid-impingement-syndrome-literature-review-and-clinical-management
#5
Priti Acharya, Andrew Stewart, Farhad B Naini
BACKGROUND: This case report discusses the unusual presentation of limited mouth opening as a result of bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14.5-year-old male patient of white Caucasian ethnicity presented with limited mouth opening, mandibular asymmetry, and dental crowding. Investigations confirmed bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia and management involved bilateral intraoral coronoidectomy surgery under general anaesthesia, followed by muscular rehabilitation...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529095/understanding-operator-stent-choice-in-the-catheterization-laboratory-using-a-pre-procedure-survey-opportunities-for-quality-improvement
#6
Matthew J Chung, Jonathan D Hansen, Ryan D Schulteis, Joel C Boggan, W Schuyler Jones, Thomas J Povsic, Susan Roberts, Mitchell W Krucoff, Sunil V Rao
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize how the perceived risk of early dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation is incorporated into operator decision-making regarding stent choice, using a simple pre-procedure survey screening for clinical variables that may lead to early DAPT discontinuation. BACKGROUND: Understanding which factors influence operator decision-making regarding stent choice during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could help identify areas for quality improvement...
May 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526831/selection-of-a-horizontal-reference-plane-in-3d-evaluation-identifying-facial-asymmetry-and-occlusal-cant-in-orthognathic-surgery-planning
#7
Daniel Lonic, Ali Sundoro, Hsiu-Hsia Lin, Pei-Ju Lin, Lun-Jou Lo
Facial asymmetry and dental occlusal cant have been detected in two-dimensional cephalometry using different horizontal reference lines, but equivalent 3-dimensional (3D) reference planes have not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, 3D cone-beam computed tomography scans of 83 consecutive patients were evaluated using a standardized 3D frame and three horizontal reference planes, Supraorbitale (Sor), Frontozygomatic (Z), and Frankfurt horizontal (FH) for cant detection. Canting was defined as a vertical difference between left and right sides of 2 mm or more, and in at least two investigated planes...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#8
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523641/sandwich-bone-graft-for-vertical-augmentation-of-the-posterior-maxillary-region-a-case-report-with-9-year-follow-up
#9
Kenko Tanaka, Irena Sailer, Yoshihiro Kataoka, Shinnosuke Nogami, Tetsu Takahashi
The loss of teeth followed by bone resorption often lead to defects in the alveolar ridge, making installation of dental implants difficult. Correction of such bone defects, especially lack of height of the ridge, is a difficult problem for all dental surgeons. This report describes the outcome of treatment after alveolar ridge augmentation in the atrophic posterior maxillary region via segmental sandwich osteotomy combined with placement of an interpositional autograft prior to placement of endosseous implants...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523324/anatomical-features-and-prosthetic-considerations-of-edentulous-patients-with-mandibular-reconstruction-with-autograft-performed-more-than-40-years-ago
#10
Cătălina Murariu-Măgureanu, Cristina Teodora Preoteasa, Laura Iosif, Marina Imre, Marian Cuculescu, Elena Preoteasa
In this manuscript there are presented two cases, both with mandibular reconstruction with autograft harvested from the iliac crest, performed more than 40 years ago, but with different bone defect etiology, i.e., mandibular dysplasia and mandibular fracture, both having currently extensive tooth loss in the mandible, being in need for prosthetic rehabilitation. These cases confirm that reconstructive surgery of mandibular bone defects with autograft from iliac crest has a satisfactory long-term outcome, providing acceptable conditions for prosthetic rehabilitation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522447/photofunctionalised-ti6al4v-implants-enhance-early-phase-osseointegration
#11
R Yamauchi, T Itabashi, K Wada, T Tanaka, G Kumagai, Y Ishibashi
OBJECTIVES: Ultraviolet (UV) light-mediated photofunctionalisation is known to improve osseointegration of pure titanium (Ti). However, histological examination of titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V), which is frequently applied in orthopaedic and dental surgery, has not yet been performed. This study examined the osseointegration of photofunctionalised Ti6Al4V implants. METHODS: Ti and Ti6Al4V implants were treated with UV light, and the chemical composition and contact angle on the surfaces were evaluated to confirm photofunctionalisation...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514868/phytochemical-composition-and-in-vitro-screening-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-essential-oils-on-oral-pathogenic-bacteria
#12
Roberta Tardugno, Federica Pellati, Ramona Iseppi, Moreno Bondi, Giacomo Bruzzesi, Stefania Benvenuti
In this study, the activity of essential oils (EOs) against microorganisms involved in oral diseases was evaluated. Fourteen EOs were selected and subjected to gas chromatographic analysis, including Illicium verum, Eucaliptus globulus, Eugenia caryophyllata, Leptospermum scoparium, Mentha arvensis, Mentha piperita, Myrtus communis, Salvia officinalis, Melaleuca alternifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Lavandula x intermedia, Thymus capitatus and Thymus vulgaris. These EOs were tested for their antimicrobial activity on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species clinically isolated from dental surgery patients...
May 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513977/use-of-high-performance-polymers-as-dental-implant-abutments-and-frameworks-a-case-series-report
#13
Mohammad Al-Rabab'ah, Wala'a Hamadneh, Ismail Alsalem, Ameen Khraisat, Ashraf Abu Karaky
Dental implant abutments can be made of different materials including titanium, gold, zirconia, alumina, and polymeric materials. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a high performance thermoplastic polymer that can be used as a dental implant abutment material. It has an elastic modulus comparable to bone and can reduce stress shielding. PEEK is a radiolucent material that can allow better radiographic imaging of peri-implant tissues and can be veneered with composite materials or bonded to ceramics. PEEK is widely used in orthopedic and spinal surgeries, and it possesses mechanical and biological characteristics that encourage its use as dental implant abutments...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512550/analysis-of-scientific-production-in-spanish-implantology
#14
Beatriz Tarazona, Antonio Vidal-Infer, Pablo Tarazona-Alvarez, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to quantify the scientific productivity of researchers, organizations, and regions in Spain that publish articles on implantology in dental journals indexed in Journal Citation Reports. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was conducted among the core collection of Thomson Reuters' Web of Science database, on the basis of its broad thematic and geographic coverage of health sciences. The search identified original articles - the main vehicle for the dissemination of research results...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512281/intricate-assessment-and-evaluation-of-long-term-implant-success-as-affected-by-clinicomicrobial-and-salivary-diagnostics-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Deepti Raghav, Fawaz Alqahtani, Fatima J Albaker, Tushar V Bhagat, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Replacement of missing teeth by dental implants is one of the most common methods employed these days. Because of significant advancement in the design of implants and modifications in the procedure of dental implant surgery, the survival rate of the dental implants has reached up to approximately 95%. Osseointegration is one of the important factors affecting the survival of dental implants. Apart from these, the body's physiologic alterations can also predispose the dental implants for failure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512278/use-of-collagen-matrix-for-augmentation-of-the-peri-implant-soft-tissue-at-the-time-of-immediate-implant-placement
#16
Gregor-Georg Zafiropoulos, Gordon John
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the treatment outcome of the use of a porcine monolayer collagen matrix (mCM) to augment peri-implant soft tissue in conjunction with immediate implant placement as an alternative to patient's own connective tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 implants were placed immediately in 27 patients (14 males and 13 females, with a mean age of 52.2 years) with simultaneous augmentation of the soft tissue by the use of a mCM...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#17
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509680/analyzing-dental-implant-sites-from-cone-beam-computed-tomography-scans-on-a-tablet-computer-a-comparative-study-between-ipad-and-3-display-systems
#18
Alejandro Carrasco, Elnaz Jalali, Ajay Dhingra, Alan Lurie, Sumit Yadav, Aditya Tadinada
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare a medical-grade PACS (picture archiving and communication system) monitor, a consumer-grade monitor, a laptop computer, and a tablet computer for linear measurements of height and width for specific implant sites in the posterior maxilla and mandible, along with visualization of the associated anatomical structures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were evaluated. The images were reviewed using PACS-LCD monitor, consumer-grade LCD monitor using CB-Works software, a 13″ MacBook Pro, and an iPad 4 using OsiriX DICOM reader software...
May 15, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#19
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509514/lay-public-s-use-of-a-support-group-for-general-dental-problems
#20
K K Walker, R D Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To categorize and tabulate layperson inquiries made to an Internet dental health support site to identify oral conditions and associated behaviors of concern. METHODS: A retrospective tabulation of wall postings was made from an established dental health support website hosted by WebMD over a 2-year period (April 2013-April 2015). A mixed method approach of content and thematic analysis was used. Content analysis identified content of oral health concerns, while thematic analysis using grounded theory identified themes and beliefs concerning associated behaviors...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
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