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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937097/oral-surgery-ii-part-1-acute-management-of-dentoalveolar-trauma
#1
H Tagar, S Djemal
The aesthetics of the mouth are important in determining overall facial attractiveness. People with a relatively normal dental appearance are perceived as more attractive, more intelligent and more desirable as friends. Although the oral region comprises only 1% of the body area it accounts for 5% of all bodily injuries, and of facial injuries, dental injuries are the most common. A US survey among people aged 6-50 years showed that 1 in 4 had evidence of dental trauma.
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936297/dental-management-in-patients-with-antiplatelet-therapy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Luis-Miguel Sáez-Alcaide, Cristina Sola-Martín, Pedro Molinero-Mourelle, Victor Paredes-Rodríguez, Carmen Zarrias-Caballero, Gonzalo Hernández-Vallejo
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the most frequent cause of death in the Western world. Its treatment frequently needs therapy with antiplatelet agents, which increases the haemorrhage risk after oral surgical procedures. The aim of this study is to present a review on the dental management of the patients under antiplatelet treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was carried out following PRISMA recommendations including studies searched in Pubmed-Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936287/evaluation-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-articular-disc-position-and-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms-in-skeletal-class-ii-patients-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#3
Gholamreza Firoozei, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hasan Momeni, Parisa Soltani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of orthognathic surgery is to correct facial deformity and dental malocclusion and to obtain normal orofacial function. However, there are controversies of whether orthognathic surgery might have any negative influence on temporomandibular (TM) joint. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of orthognathic surgery on articular disc position and temporomandibular joint symptoms of skeletal CI II patients by means of magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this purpose, fifteen patients with skeletal CI II malocclusion, aged 19-32 years (mean 23 years), 10 women and 5 men, from the Isfahan Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery were studied...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932947/integration-of-digital-dental-casts-in-cone-beam-computed-tomography-scans-a-clinical-validation-study
#4
Frits A Rangel, Thomas J J Maal, Martien J J de Koning, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Stefaan J Bergé, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
OBJECTIVES: Images derived from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans lack detailed information on the dentition and interocclusal relationships needed for proper surgical planning and production of surgical splints. To get a proper representation of the dentition, integration of a digital dental model into the CBCT scan is necessary. The aim of this study was to validate a simplified protocol to integrate digital dental models into CBCT scans using only one scan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional protocol A used one combined upper and lower impression and two CBCT scans...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928992/dental-implant-in-the-canalis-sinuosus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
José Alcides Arruda, Pedro Silva, Luciano Silva, Pâmella Álvares, Leni Silva, Ricardo Zavanelli, Cleomar Rodrigues, Marleny Gerbi, Ana Paula Sobral, Marcia Silveira
The canalis sinuosus is a neurovascular canal, a branch of nerve of infraorbital canal, through which the anterior superior alveolar nerve passes and then leans medially in course between the nasal cavity and the maxillary sinus, reaching the premaxilla in the canine and incisor region. The purpose of this article is to report a case with the presence of canalis sinuosus, in order to alert and guide professionals and discuss the morphology of this anatomical variation avoiding trans- and postsurgical disorders in dental implants...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928771/an-analysis-of-patient-perceptions-and-expectations-to-dental-implants-is-there-a-significant-effect-on-long-term-satisfaction-levels
#6
Shane J J McCrea
Here we present an analysis of patient perceptions and expectations to dental implant placement and their prosthetic reconstruction, to then consider whether they have an effect on long-term satisfaction levels. A Post-Treatment Completion Questionnaire was designed to analyse whether patient satisfaction is influenced by age and/or gender; has an effect on patient-reported self-confidence levels; contributes to increased levels of oral hygiene; provides further insight into the average pain levels during and after the surgical intervention; or influences further acceptance of dental implant surgery...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927954/systematic-three-dimensional-analysis-of-wafer-based-maxillary-repositioning-procedures-in-orthognathic-surgery
#7
Timo Dreiseidler, Max-Philipp Lentzen, Matthias Zirk, Ali-Farid Safi, Joachim E Zoeller, Matthias Kreppel
PURPOSE: Little is known about the three-dimensional (3D) transfer accuracy in maxillary repositioning procedures based on conventionally manufactured dental-mounted wafers. The purpose of the present study was a systematic 3D analysis for wafer-based maxillary positioning in orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 92 patients underwent Le Fort I in addition to mandibular bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSO). Alignment of the pre- and postsurgical CBCT data sets allowed measuring maxillary position changes in axial, sagittal and transversal directions...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927926/short-dental-implants-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Faraj Edher, Caroline T Nguyen
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental implants can be essential in the rehabilitation of various cancer defects, but their ideal placement can be complicated by the limited dimensions of the available host bone. Surgical interventions developed to increase the amount of bone are not all predictable or successful and can sometimes be contraindicated. Short dental implants have been suggested as an alternative option in sites where longer implants are not possible. Whether they provide a successful treatment option is unclear...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924826/volumetric-and-linear-changes-at-dental-implants-following-grafting-with-volume-stable-three-dimensional-collagen-matrices-or-autogenous-connective-tissue-grafts-6-month-data
#9
Nadja Naenni, Stefan P Bienz, Goran I Benic, Ronald E Jung, Christoph H F Hämmerle, Daniel S Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to test whether or not soft tissue augmentation with a volume-stable collagen matrix (VCMX) leads to similar volume gain around dental implants compared to autogenous subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 12 adult beagle dogs, immediate implants were placed with simultaneous guided bone regeneration. After 25-45 weeks, soft tissue augmentation was randomly performed using VCMX, SCTG, or a sham-operated control...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924474/evaluation-of-satisfaction-of-individuals-rehabilitated-with-zygomatic-implants-as-regards-anesthetic-and-sedative-procedure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Paulo H T Almeida, Alexander D'Alvia Salvoni, Fabiana M G França
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of individuals with atrophic maxilla, rehabilitated with fixed dental prostheses, anchored on zygomatic implants, with variables being the anesthetic procedure: general anesthesia, or local with sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By means of the clinical record charts from the Training Course in Advanced Hospital Surgeries for Implant Dentists conducted at the Campinas-SP unit of the São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry, 30 individuals were randomly selected...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922615/the-impact-of-incorporating-antimicrobials-into-implant-surfaces
#11
N J Hickok, I M Shapiro, A F Chen
With the increase in numbers of joint replacements, spinal surgeries, and dental implantations, there is an urgent need to combat implant-associated infection. In addition to stringent sterile techniques, an efficacious way to prevent this destructive complication is to create new implants with antimicrobial properties. Specifically, these implants must be active in the dental implant environment where the implant is bathed in the glycoprotein-rich salivary fluids that enhance bacterial adhesion, and propagation, and biofilm formation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921849/effects-of-pre-surgical-nasoalveolar-moulding-on-maxillary-arch-and-nasal-form-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-before-lip-surgery
#12
T Fuchigami, N Kimura, T Kibe, M Tezuka, M S Amir, H Suga, Y Takemoto, M Hashiguchi, A Maeda-Iino, N Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of pre-surgical nasoalveolar moulding (PNAM) on the maxillary arch and nasal form in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: This is a retrospective case series study. The subjects were infants with complete UCLP who were treated with PNAM (n = 18) at Kagoshima University Medical and Dental Hospital (Japan) between 2006 and 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Maxillary dental casts and facial photographs were taken at the time of the first visit and immediately prior to lip surgery to evaluate the maxillary arch and nasal form changes...
September 18, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921521/a-paradigm-for-evaluation-and-management-of-the-maxillary-sinus-before-dental-implantation
#13
Yi-Wei Chen, Fu-Ying Lee, Po-Hung Chang, Chi-Che Huang, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Chien-Chia Huang, Ta-Jen Lee
OBJECTIVES: To determine a paradigm for evaluating and managing maxillary sinus conditions before dental implantation via preoperative sinonasal assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Eighty-four patients who underwent dental implantation with or without sinus augmentation were included. Maxillary sinus conditions were classified into groups 1 to 6 according to cone-beam computed tomography (CT) findings: 1) nonspecific findings, 2) solitary polyp or cyst, 3) mucosal thickening, 4) air-fluid level or fluid accumulation, 5) near-total opacification of the maxillary or other paranasal sinus, and 6) calcification spots in the maxillary sinus...
September 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912943/assessment-of-low-level-laser-therapy-effects-after-extraction-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#14
Shahrokh Raiesian, Mehdi Khani, Kazem Khiabani, Ershad Hemmati, Mohammad Pouretezad
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain, swelling and maximum mouth opening in patients undergoing third molar surgery. Methods: A prospective, randomized double-blind study was undertaken on 44 patients at the Dental School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, in 2015. A low-level laser was randomly applied on one of the two sides after surgery of 15 patients. The experimental side received 18 J/cm(2) of energy density, wavelength of 980 nm, and output power of 1...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912859/multidisciplinary-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-malocclusion-in-a-patient-with-chronic-periodontitis-with-a-five-year-follow-up-a-case-report
#15
Dongmei Zhang, Li Lin, Xiaoling Tang, Chen Li, Jingbo Liu, Hongyang Wang, Yaping Pan
Multidisciplinary therapy is essential in dental practice to achieve optimized outcomes. The present case report describes the application of periodontal surgery with a five-year follow-up in a patient with malocclusion and chronic periodontitis. In the presence of periodontal inflammation, orthodontic therapy may result in further periodontal breakdown due to plaque accumulation. In order to prevent this progression, scaling and root planning with a periodontal endoscope was applied, and continuous clinical monitoring and risk assessment was performed every 3 months using a Florida Probe...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910487/remote-dental-surgery-as-a-medical-civilian-assistance-program-medcap-helping-iraqi-kurdish-and-u-s-forces-win-hearts-and-minds-in-the-fight-against-daesh
#16
Bryan Ferreira
Dr Ferreira discusses the work of the Humanitarian Aid and Security Forces (HASF) in providing volunteer dental services to a local Christian militia in Mosul, Iraq.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906510/retrospective-analysis-on-survival-rate-template-related-complications-and-prevalence-of-peri-implantitis-of-694-anodized-implants-placed-using-computer-guided-surgery-results-between-1-and-10-years-of-follow-up
#17
Marco Tallarico, Silvio Mario Meloni
PURPOSE: To report survival rate, early surgical template-related complications, and prevalence of peri-implantitis of dental implants placed in private practices using computer-guided, template-assisted surgery and followed between 1 and 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective multicenter study evaluated data collected from fully or partially edentulous patients, with anodized-surface implants placed using computer-guided, template-assisted surgery between January 2006 and December 2015...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906271/neurosensory-disturbance-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-3025-implant-placements
#18
Antonio Scarano, Bruna Sinjari, Giovanna Murmura, Felice Lorusso
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lesion and duration of sensitivity disturbances after the insertion of dental implants. METHODS: One thousand sixty-five patients (mean age: 58.9 years) enrolled between February 2004 and July 2015 with partial or full mandibular edentulism were selected to receive dental implants for oral rehabilitation. A total of 3025 implants were placed. After surgical procedures, controls were scheduled at suture removal, that is, 10 days after surgery, and repeated at intervals of 1, 3, and 6 months, and comprised patient interview, clinical examination, and sensitivity tests...
September 12, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903524/pediatric-dental-clinic-associated-outbreak-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection
#19
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Cherie Drenzek, Gianna Peralta, Lisa C Cranmer, Evan J Anderson, Sarah S Milla, Shelly Abramowicz, Jumi Yi, Joseph Hilinski, Roy Rajan, Matthew K Whitley, Verlia Gower, Frank Berkowitz, Craig A Shapiro, Joseph K Williams, Paula Harmon, Andi L Shane
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus is an uncommon cause of invasive odontogenic infection. Methods: M abscessus-associated odontogenic infections occurred in a group of children after they each underwent a pulpotomy. A probable case-child was defined as a child with facial or neck swelling and biopsy-confirmed granulomatous inflammation after a pulpotomy between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015. M abscessus was isolated by culture in confirmed case-children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902255/taking-advantage-of-an-unerupted-third-molar-a-case-report
#20
Igor Figueiredo Pereira, Fernando Zander Mucci Santiago, Augusto Cesar Sette-Dias, Vladimir Reimar Augusto de Souza Noronha
Introduction: Treatments with dental surgery seek to displace tooth to the correct position within the dental arch. Objective: To report a clinical case that took advantage of an unerupted third molar. Case history: A male patient, 18 years of age, was referred by his dentist to evaluate the third molars. The clinical exam revealed no visible lower third molars. The computed tomography (CT) exam showed the presence of a supernumerary tooth in the region of the mandibular ramus, on the left side, and impaction of the third molar, which was causing root resorption on the second molar, thus making it impossible to remain in the buccal cavity...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
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