Read by QxMD icon Read

Dental surgery

Samuel D Clark, Rachel Mikofsky, Jacqueline Lawson, David Sulzer
Multiphoton microscopy has been widely adapted for imaging neurons in vivo. Repeated imaging requires implantation of a cranial window or repeated thinning of the skull. Cranial window surgery is typically performed with a high speed rotary drill, and many investigators find it challenging to prevent the drill from damaging the delicate dura and blood vessels. Extensive training and practice is required to remove the bone without damage to underlying tissue and thus cranial window surgery can be difficult, time consuming, and produce tissue damage...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Fabio Rodríguez Sánchez, Carlos Rodríguez Andrés, Iciar Arteagoitia
OBJECTIVE: To assess which antibiotic regimen prevents dental implant failures or postoperative infections following dental implant placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, Cochrane, Science Direct, and EMBASE via OVID were searched up to August 2017. Only randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT) using antibiotics were included. Outcome measures were set on dental implant failures or postoperative infection incidence after dental implant surgery...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
K Waskiewicz, O Oth, N Kochan, L Evrard
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread throughout the world. Vitamin D has an important role in the regulation of phosphocalcic metabolism as well as in a large number of biological and metabolic processes. According to some studies, there is a correlation between vitamin D and LDL-cholesterol levels. A deficiency of vitamin D and / or a high level of LDL-cholesterol could represent risk factors for bone healing and osteointegration of dental implants. The purpose of our study is to demonstrate the reality of the problem of deficiency or deprivation in vitamin D in a population of patients requiring oral and / or implant surgery...
February 23, 2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Hassan Al Moussawi, Michael Krzyzak, Zainab Awada, Jean M Chalhoub
A brain abscess is defined as a focal intracerebral infection consisting of an encapsulated collection of pus, which can be a life-threatening complication of infections, trauma, or surgery. While immunocompromised patients can have a wide array of causative organisms, bacterial species represent the most common etiology in immunocompetent individuals. The incidence of brain abscesses ranges from 0.4 to 0.9 per 100,000, with a high predisposition among immunocompromised patients and in those with disruption of the blood-brain barrier...
January 13, 2018: Curēus
Daniel B Rodrigues, Paulo S F Campos, Larry M Wolford, Jaqueline Ignácio, João R Gonçalves
PURPOSE: Maxillary segmentation involving interdental osteotomies can have an adverse effect on the interdental crestal bone and adjacent teeth. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of interdental osteotomies on surrounding osseous and dental structures, including adjacent teeth, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), in patients who underwent segmental maxillary osteotomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study evaluated interdental osteotomy (IDO) sites between the lateral incisors and canines in patients treated with 3-piece Le Fort I osteotomies...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Pedro C Aravena, Camila P Oyarzún, María F Arias, Héctor Monardes, Alejandro Jerez, Bruna Benso
PURPOSE: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant surgery is a routine dental practice to prevent implant failure. Current systematic reviews have yet to confirm the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment at reducing postoperative infection rates in implant procedures. The aim of this study was to quantify amoxicillin plasma levels at the peripheral venous blood and at the surgical implant site in patients undergoing dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Philipp Kauffmann, Anna Rau, Wilfried Engelke, Markus Troeltzsch, Phillip Brockmeyer, Lauer-Saridakis Dagmar, Robert Cordesmeyer
PURPOSE: Preoperative planning of the implant position as part of a coordinated prosthetic and surgical concept is becoming increasingly important regarding function and esthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate the transmission accuracy of template fixation during surgery in edentulous arches with hand fixation in comparison to intermediary screw fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperatively, 10 implant positions were planned using computed tomography (CT) with the system med3D for implant placement in four mandible models of the Goettingen study model, using a prosthetic diagnostic template...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Suprakash Chaudhury, Ajay Kumar Bakhla, Subhas Soren
Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS; Ranchi Indian Mental Hospital; Ranchi Manasik Aryogyashala) traces its origin from a lunatic asylum for Indian soldiers established at Munghyr in Bihar in 1795 and thus is the first mental hospital in India established by the British purely for Indian patients as well as the second oldest functioning mental hospital in India. The hospital made great strides in improving patients care and using modern methods of assessment and treatment as well as education and research during the tenure of Dr J E Dhunjibhoy the first Indian medical superintendent...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Maha A Bahammam
OBJECTIVE: This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted to determine whether the application of a platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) palatal bandage after harvesting free gingival grafts (FGG) would improve healing of donor sites and decrease pain scores and patient discomfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients received FGG to augment keratinized tissue dimensions. The application of a PRF bandage was decided randomly (n = 12 in each group). Patients reported their pain levels for the first 7 days of healing using the visual analog scale (VAS), 101-point numerical rating scale (NRS-101), and 4-point verbal rating scale (VRS-4)...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Y Klazen, F Van der Cruyssen, M Vranckx, M Van Vlierberghe, C Politis, T Renton, R Jacobs
With the growing demand for dental work, trigeminal nerve injuries are increasingly common. This retrospective cohort study examined 53 cases of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury seen at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven between 2013 and 2014 (0.6% among 8845 new patient visits). Patient records were screened for post-traumatic trigeminal nerve neuropathy caused by nerve injury incurred during implant surgery, endodontic treatment, local anaesthesia, tooth extraction, or specifically third molar removal...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Reda Mohamed
The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric values of the skull and the mandible of the common opossum from the Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago. The skulls and mandibles were obtained from ten opossums captured for research purposes. The skulls and mandibles were prepared and cleaned using standard method. Some anatomical landmarks of the skulls and mandibles were identified and measured. The results were important for identification of the common opossum via comparison and discussion of our results with that of other marsupial species...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
H Hande Aydinli, Colin Peirce, Erman Aytac, Feza H Remzi
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wound closure is a challenge in patients undergoing colorectal surgery with a complex history of multiple abdominopelvic operations. Loss of domain of the abdominal fascia because of prior laparotomies precludes the use of simple, everyday abdominal wound closure techniques. Furthermore, ongoing intra-abdominal sepsis, with or without a concurrent entero- or colocutaneous fistula, increases the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality in this patient population...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Karina Rosso, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini, Angelo José Pavan
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS), also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder with high penetrance and variable expressivity. The classic triad originally described by Gorlin and Goltz in 1960 is composed of multiple nevoid basal cell carcinomas (NBCCs), odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) in the jaws and bifid ribs. in 1977, this triad was modified by Rayner et al, and to GGS diagnosis, the OKCs had to appear in combination with calcification of the cerebellar falx or palmar and plantar pits...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Woo Shik Jeong, Jang Yeol Lee, Jong Woo Choi
The surgery-first approach (SFA) is a new paradigm in orthognathic surgery. In our experience over the last 10 years, SFA, particularly for the correction of the class III dentofacial deformity and facial asymmetry, has demonstrated high success rates without any major complications. However, many craniofacial surgeons remain concerned about the skeletal stability of SFA. In the present study, the authors aimed to compare the traditional and SFA with regard to the long-term outcomes of vertical skeletal stability using large-scale data...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
D Pauchet, J-L Pigot, F Chabolle, C-A Bach
Free fibula transplant is routinely used for mandibular reconstruction in head and neck cancer. Dental rehabilitation, the objective of mandibular reconstruction, requires the use of dental implants as supports for fixed or removable dentures. Positioning of fibular bone grafts and implants determines implant osseointegration and the possibilities of dental rehabilitation. Prefabrication of a fibula free flap with dental implants prior to harvesting as a free flap can promote implant osseointegration. The position of the implants must then be precisely planned...
March 2, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Eugenia Iglesias, Ravin Sajnani, Roy C Levitt, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency and risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) after cataract surgery, defined as mild or greater dry eye (DE)-like symptoms 6 months after surgery. METHODS: This single-center study included 86 individuals who underwent cataract surgery between June and October 2016 and had DE symptom information available 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: controls were defined as those without DE symptoms 6 months after surgery (defined by a Dry Eye Questionnaire 5 (DEQ5) score <6), cases were defined as those with mild or greater DE-like symptoms 6 months after surgery (DEQ5 ≥6)...
December 7, 2017: Cornea
I Floris, J Lechner, B Lejeune
Regulated-on-activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (also called RANTES, CCL5 or R/C) is a chemotactic cytokine that plays a key role in recruiting immune cells to inflammatory sites. R/C is involved in the pathogenesis of many systemic immune-mediated diseases (SIDs) and is upregulated in fatty-degenerative osteolysis jawbone (FDOJ) cavitations. Surgical cleaning of degenerative areas reduces the source of chronic R/C but might not be sufficient to re-establish the altered immunological patterns...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Mark Krauthammer, Amir Shuster, Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Benjamin Shlomi, Chaim Stolovitch, Igal Leibovitch
Purpose: To demonstrate an unusual case of orbital trauma due to dental surgery complication. Observations: An elderly patient who underwent dental implantation to the zygomatic bone was hospitalized in the ophthalmology department with impaired abduction of her right eye, also evident on ocular examination. Head computed tomography demonstrated damage to the lateral rectus and to the inferior oblique muscles. Clinical assessment determined these muscles could not be repaired and reattached...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Jennifer R Beaudette, Peter C Fritz, Philip J Sullivan, Assunta Piccini, Wendy E Ward
AIMS: To determine the relationship between anticipated pain and actual pain experienced following soft tissue grafting or implant surgery; and to identify the factors that predict actual pain experienced and the use of pain medication following soft tissue grafting or implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prior to dental implant placement (n=98) or soft tissue grafting (n=115) and for seven days following the procedure, patients completed a visual analog scale indicating anticipated or experienced pain, respectively...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"