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Post-Operative pain control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928811/laparoscopic-versus-open-partial-nephrectomy-for-stage-t1a-of-renal-tumors
#1
Gholam Hossein Rezaeetalab, Hormoz Karami, Farid Dadkhah, Nasser Simforoosh, Nasser Shakhssalim
PURPOSE: Partial nephrectomy is the gold standard treatment for small kidney masses. Data on the comparison oflaparoscopic (LPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) are based on retrospective studies. Thus, we plannedto compare these two techniques in a prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of patients over 18 years old with single renal mass of≤ 4 cm. Patients were divided into two groups considering their preference. Study arms were matched accordingto age, gender, tumor size and location and renal nephrometry score...
December 8, 2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923167/long-term-outcomes-for-different-vaginal-cuff-closure-techniques-in-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ziv Tsafrir, Matthew Palmer, Marisa Dahlman, A Karim Nawfal, Joelle Aoun, Andrew Taylor, Jay Fisher, Evan Theoharis, David Eisenstein
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the outcomes of different vaginal cuff closure techniques in robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety women undergoing robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease were randomized to three vaginal cuff closure techniques: running 2.0 V-Lock™ (Arm 1), 0 Vicryl™ figure-of-eight (Arm 2), and running 0 Vicryl™ with Lapra-Ty(®) (Arm 3). Patients' records were reviewed for age, body mass index, smoking status and relevant co-morbidities...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#3
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908567/the-effect-of-topical-5-flurouracil-application-post-endoscopic-inferior-turbinoplasty
#4
Amjad F Nuseir, Mohammad Alsalem, Mouhamad Alzahr, Muthanna Ababneh, Ahmad I Alomari, Firas Alzoubi
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Adhesions are the most common complication after nasal surgery and revision. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) reduces various adhesions and epithelial growth related complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 5-flurouracil application in the nasal cavity after a multi-procedure nasal surgery in term of complications frequency. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: Institutional ethical approval was granted and a double-blinded prospective clinical trial was conducted to study the effect of 5-fu on post-operative complications...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906951/changes-in-neuroglial-activity-in-multiple-spinal-segments-after-caudal-epidural-pulsed-radiofrequency-in-a-rat-model-of-lumbar-disc-herniation
#5
Hee Kyung Cho, Jae Hoon Kang, So-Yeon Kim, Mi-Jung Choi, Se Jin Hwang, Yun-Woo Cho, Sang-Ho Ahn
BACKGROUND: Herniated lumbar discs can induce sciatica by mechanical compression and/or chemical irritation. It was recently reported that neuroglial cellular activity after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) application to a single dorsal root ganglion (DRG) attenuated neuroglial activity at the corresponding spinal dorsal horn. Recently, caudal epidural PRF has been used to manage neuropathic pain, but evidence of molecular changes after the administration of caudal epidural PRF to attenuate neuropathic pain is lacking, and it has not been determined whether caudal epidural PRF affects neuroglial activity at different spinal levels...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906933/anterior-cingulotomy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
Justin Sharim, Nader Pouratian
BACKGROUND: Anterior cingulotomy for chronic pain aims to modulate patients' attention or emotional reaction to pain rather than to modulate pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy, both short- and long-term, of anterior cingulotomy in the treatment of chronic pain. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: This systematic review assessed studies reporting anterior cingulotomy for the treatment of chronic pain...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904951/pre-emptive-injection-of-peri-articular-multimodal-drug-for-post-operative-pain-management-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Mahdi Motififard, Ali Omidian, Sajad Badiei
PURPOSE: Severe post-operative pain is one of the main problems after total knee arthroplasty. In this study, we investigated the effect of a peri-articular multimodal drugs injections pre-emptively on post-operative pain control and knee functions following total knee arthroplasty. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Eligible cases including 137 patients-aged 30 to 80 years old-were randomly divided into one of two groups: the drug group received a cocktail consisting of bupivacaine hydrochloride, morphine sulphate, epinephrine, and ketorolac...
November 30, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895411/reoperation-in-an-adult-female-with-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-and-cough
#8
Zhi-Jian Wei, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is an intestinal malformation caused by the innate absence of ganglion cells in the neural plexus of the colorectal wall, and is most common in male infants. It is rare in adult, and is usually left-sided. Herein we reported based on the CARE guidelines a case of a 47-year-old adult female suffering from "right-sided" HD complicated by refractory hypertension and cough. The patient with a history of cesarean section and with digestive unfitness (abdominal pain, distention, and constipation) only since 20 years old had recurrence of HD after initial surgery due to the incomplete removal of the HD-affected bowel based on a diagnosis of "chronic ileus", leading to the relapse of the digestive symptoms and the emergence of some intractable circulatory and respiratory complications which could be hardly controlled by conservative treatment...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895352/effect-of-intra-abdominal-pressure-on-post-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-shoulder-tip-pain-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Irum Sabir Ali, Muhammad Fahd Shah, Ahmad Faraz, Mumtaz Khan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of intra-abdominal pressure on postoperative shoulder-tip pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: This was a randomized control study, conducted at Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from January to August 2013 on160 patients, randomized to two groups i.e. the low pressure (LPLC) and the standard pressure group (SPLC) where the intra abdominal pressures were kept 10mmHg and above 10mmHg during surgery respectively. The age, gender, weight, duration of surgery, postoperative pain and frequency of analgesic administration in first 24 hours recorded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences v20...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891453/efficacy-of-ketamine-as-an-adjunct-to-local-anesthesia-in-the-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-split-mouth-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#10
Anand Shah, Rajshekhar Halli, Yash Merchant, Rajesh Kshirsagar, Jyotsana Khurana
INTRODUCTION: The removal of impacted teeth is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Reduction of discomfort post-operatively and efficient local anesthesia are imperative for success in surgical practice. At sub-anesthetic doses, ketamine has a noticeable analgesic action, which can be used to supplement local anesthesia with minimal side effects. AIM: To assess the efficacy of low-dose ketamine as an adjunct to local anesthesia in the management of pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891424/a-study-on-the-efficacy-of-the-addition-of-low-dose-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-lignocaine-in-intravenous-regional-anaesthesia-ivra
#11
Esha Nilekani, Yvonne Menezes, Shirley Ann D'souza
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous Regional Anaesthesia (IVRA) is a simple, effective method of providing anaesthesia for short duration surgical procedures on the extremities, its chief drawbacks are tourniquet pain, short duration of block and absence of post-operative analgesia. Dexmedetomidine is known to reduce anaesthetic requirements and also provide analgesia to the patient. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to lignocaine in IVRA with respect to the quality of the block, tourniquet pain and post-operative analgesia...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891389/a-comparative-study-of-single-incision-versus-conventional-four-ports-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#12
Ranendra Hajong, Debobratta Hajong, Tanie Natung, Madhur Anand, Girish Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cholelithiasis is one of the most common disorders of the digestive tract encountered by general surgeons worldwide. Conventional or open cholecystectomy was the mainstay of treatment for a long time for this disease. In the 1980s laparoscopic surgery revolutionized the management of biliary tract diseases. It brought about a revolutionary change in the basic concepts of surgical principles and minimal access surgery gradually started to be acknowledged as a safe means of carrying out surgeries...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884617/trans-advanced-surface-laser-ablation-transprk-outcomes-using-smartpulsetechnology
#13
Ioannis M Aslanides, George D Kymionis
PURPOSE: To evaluate early visual rehabilitation, post-operative pain, epithelial healing and haze after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK) using the SmartPulseTechnology (SPT) of Schwind Amaris (Schwind eye-tech-solutions GmbH, Kleinostheim, Germany). METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative evaluation of a cohort of myopic patients undergoing TransPRK with SPT (group 1), with one matched control group that underwent conventional TransPRK (group 2)...
November 21, 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879567/collar-fixation-is-not-mandatory-after-cervical-laminoplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Tetsuro Hida, Yoshihito Sakai, Kenyu Ito, Sadayuki Ito, Shiro Imagama, Naoki Ishiguro, Atsushi Harada
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study OBJECTIVES.: To determine the effect of collar-aided fixation on outcomes following laminoplasty for cervical compressive myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients are often placed in a Philadelphia collar for weeks after cervical laminoplasty. However, the benefit of postoperative collar use remains controversial. We hypothesized that treatment outcomes in postoperative pain in patients without collars would not be inferior to the outcomes in patients using Philadelphia collars for two weeks...
November 22, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876007/effect-of-pregnane-x-receptor-1b-genetic-polymorphisms-on-postoperative-analgesia-with-fentanyl-in-chinese-patients-undergoing-gynecological-surgery
#15
Jing-Jing Yuan, Xiao-Jing Ma, Zhi-Song Li, Yan-Zi Chang, Wei Zhang, Quan-Cheng Kan, Jun-Kai Hou, Li-Rong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of the pregnane X receptor (PXR)*1B polymorphisms on CYP3A4 enzyme activity and postoperative fentanyl consumption in Chinese patients undergoing gynecological surgery. METHODS: A total of 287 females of Han ethnicity, aged 20 to 50 years old, ASA I or II, scheduled to abdominal total hysterectomy or myomectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled. The analgesic model used was fentanyl consumption via patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) in the post-operative period...
November 23, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855660/comparison-of-hemodynamic-response-to-tracheal-intubation-and-postoperative-pain-in-patients-undergoing-closed-reduction-of-nasal-bone-fracture-under-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-fentanyl-and-oxycodone
#16
Yeon Sil Lee, Chong Wha Baek, Dong Rim Kim, Hyun Kang, Geun Joo Choi, Yong-Hee Park, Won-Joong Kim, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare the intravenous bolus effect of oxycodone and fentanyl on hemodynamic response after endotracheal intubation and postoperative pain in patients undergoing closed reduction of nasal bone fracture. METHODS: In this prospective randomized double-blinded study, 64 patients undergoing closed reduction of nasal bone fracture were randomized into one of two groups: the fentanyl group (Group F) or the oxycodone group (Group O)...
November 17, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833559/the-opioid-sparing-effect-of-perioperative-dexmedetomidine-plus-sufentanil-infusion-during-neurosurgery-a-retrospective-study
#17
Shiyu Su, Chunguang Ren, Hongquan Zhang, Zhong Liu, Zongwang Zhang
Background: Approximately 60% of patients experience moderate-to-severe pain after neurosurgery, which primarily occurs in the first 24-72 h. Despite this, improved postoperative analgesia solutions after neurosurgery have not yet been devised. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the effect of intra- and post-operative infusions of dexmedetomidine (DEX) plus sufentanil on the quality of postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing neurosurgery. Methods: One hundred and sixty-three post-neurosurgery patients were divided into two groups: Group D (DEX infusion at 0...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833337/eventuality-of-dexamethasone-injected-intra-massetrically-on-post-operative-sequel-following-the-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-prospective-study
#18
G D Nandini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of dexamethasone given intra-massetrically via intra buccal approach on postoperative sequele after surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. METHODOLOGY: Twenty patients, each of who required surgical extraction of a single impacted mandibular third molar under local anesthesia, were randomly set apart to one of the two groups of ten each. The experimental group received dexamethasone 8 mg injected to the masseter muscle intra buccally and the control group did not receive any steroid...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828983/sacrotuberous-ligament-healing-following-surgical-division-during-transgluteal-pudendal-nerve-decompression-a-3-tesla-mr-neurography-study
#19
Jan Fritz, Benjamin Fritz, A Lee Dellon
Pelvic pain due to chronic pudendal nerve (PN) compression, when treated surgically, is approached with a transgluteal division of the sacrotuberous ligament (STL). Controversy exists as to whether the STL heals spontaneously or requires grafting. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine how surgically divided and unrepaired STL heal. A retrospective evaluation of 10 patients who had high spatial resolution 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3T MRI) exams of the pelvis was done using an IRB-approved protocol...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826762/matrix-based-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-in-children-and-adolescents-a-match-paired-analysis-in-a-follow-up-over-three-years-post-operation
#20
Thomas Richard Niethammer, Martin Holzgruber, Mehmet Fatih Gülecyüz, Patrick Weber, Matthias Frank Pietschmann, Peter Ernst Müller
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is the investigation of the clinical results after third generation autologous chondrocyte implantation in the knee in a follow-up over three years post-operation. Our primary focus is on the effects of this procedure on children and adolescent patients as there is a lack of knowledge regarding the clinical outcomes in children/adolescents in particular when compared with adults. METHODS: A total of 40 patients (43 defects) <20 years with cartilage defects of the knee were treated with third generation ACI (Novocart® 3D)...
November 8, 2016: International Orthopaedics
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