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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771745/national-institute-on-drug-abuse-international-program-improving-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-through-international-research-training
#1
Steven W Gust, Judy McCormally
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For more than 25 years, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has supported research-training programs, establishing a global research network and expanding the knowledge base on substance use disorders. International research to inform approaches to opioid addiction is particularly important and relevant to the United States, where opioid misuse, addiction, and overdose constitute an emerging public health crisis. This article summarizes the NIDA International Program and illustrates its impact by reviewing recent articles about treatment approaches for opioid use disorders (OUD)...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770251/review-of-the-neurological-benefits-of-phytocannabinoids
#2
REVIEW
Joseph Maroon, Jeff Bost
Background: Numerous physical, psychological, and emotional benefits have been attributed to marijuana since its first reported use in 2,600 BC in a Chinese pharmacopoeia. The phytocannabinoids, cannabidiol (CBD), and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) are the most studied extracts from cannabis sativa subspecies hemp and marijuana. CBD and Δ9-THC interact uniquely with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Through direct and indirect actions, intrinsic endocannabinoids and plant-based phytocannabinoids modulate and influence a variety of physiological systems influenced by the ECS...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768070/web-based-intervention-to-reduce-substance-abuse-and-depression-a-three-arm-randomized-trial-in-mexico
#3
Marcela Tiburcio, Ma Asunción Lara, Nora Martínez, Morise Fernández, Araceli Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Web-based cognitive-behavioral interventions to reduce substance use can be a useful low-cost treatment for a large number of people, and an attractive option in countries where a greater availability of treatment is needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and initial effectiveness of a web-based cognitive-behavioral intervention for the reduction of substance use and depression compared with treatment as usual, with and without a printed self-help manual...
May 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767387/no-medication-for-my-child-a-naturalistic-study-on-the-treatment-preferences-for-and-effects-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-versus-psychostimulant-medication-in-clinically-referred-youth-with-adhd
#4
Peter Muris, Dorien Roodenrijs, Lut Kelgtermans, Sonja Sliwinski, Ulrike Berlage, Hanna Baillieux, Anne Deckers, Marieke Gunther, Bertien Paanakker, Ida Holterman
In this naturalistic clinical study, we explored the applicability and clinical effectiveness of Cogmed WMT, pharmacotherapy, and their combination for clinically referred children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Ninety youth with ADHD (ages 6-16 years) and their parents were offered the possibility to choose one of the three interventions. The motives for choosing various interventions were quite different. Medication was chosen because this treatment was expected to be most effective, but also because the Cogmed WMT program was regarded as too taxing...
May 16, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766600/effect-of-childhood-adversities-on-alcohol-problems-is-mainly-mediated-by-depression
#5
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764322/biting-the-hands-that-feed-the-alligators-a-case-study-in-morbid-obesity-extremes-end-of-life-care-and-prohibitions-on-harming-and-accelerating-the-end-of-life
#6
Michael J Malinowski
Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ("CDC"), American Heart Association ("AHA"), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of "extreme morbid obesity" ("EMO")-situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762767/concerns-and-help-seeking-among-patients-using-opioids-for-management-of-chronic-noncancer-pain
#7
Briony Larance, Gabrielle Campbell, Teleri Moore, Suzanne Nielsen, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Wayne Hall, Richard Mattick, Courtney O'Donnell, Louisa Degenhardt
Background: The safety and efficacy of long-term opioid treatment for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This study examined whether patients who report problematic opioid use sought help and/or perceived barriers to help-seeking. Methods: Data were collected from 1,086 people prescribed opioids for CNCP via a large prospective cohort called the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) study. Patients' characteristics and help-seeking were examined according to scores on the Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale (PODS)...
May 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762153/increased-mortality-and-reoperation-rates-after-treatment-for-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-in-people-who-inject-drugs-nationwide-inpatient-sample-2000-2013
#8
David Hyung Won Oh, Alysse Gail Wurcel, David Joseph Tybor, Deirdre Burke, Mariano E Menendez, Matthew Joseph Salzler
BACKGROUND: The United States has a growing opioid epidemic impacting all aspects of health care including orthopaedic surgery. Septic arthritis of the knee is a condition commonly encountered by orthopaedic surgeons related to opioid and injection drug use (IDU). Changes in the frequency of hospitalizations for IDU-related septic arthritis and differences in septic arthritis patient outcomes according to IDU status in the setting of the burgeoning opioid epidemic are unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What proportion of patients with septic arthritis of the knee use injection drugs? (2) Are there any differences in complications, reoperations, length of stay, and leaving against medical advice among patients with septic arthritis of the knee with and without IDU? (3) What are the age and racial trends in IDU-related septic arthritis of the knee from 2000 to 2013? METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample database of years 2000 to 2013 was utilized for patients between ages 15 and 64 years with a principal discharge diagnosis of native septic arthritis of the lower leg, the vast majority of which represents the knee...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760796/b-cell-lymphoma-with-different-metabolic-characteristics-show-distinct-sensitivities-to-metabolic-inhibitors
#9
Xiaoxia Liu, Li Wang, Weiye Jiang, Wenhua Lu, Jing Yang, Wenbiao Yang
Purpose: Cancer cells exhibit profound alterations in their metabolism (abnormal glucose and glutamine metabolism). Targeting cancer metabolism is a promising therapeutic strategy. Lymphoma can be classified into many different types and it is very complicated. Therefore, in this paper, we want to know whether the B cell lymphoma cells with different metabolic characteristics have distinct sensitivities to metabolic inhibitors. Methods: We classified 9 B cell lymphoma cell lines into different metabolic subtypes according to the dependency on glutamine and glucose...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759566/role-of-bevacizumab-in-uterine-leiomyosarcoma
#10
REVIEW
Giorgio Bogani, Antonino Ditto, Fabio Martineli, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Caterina Fonatella, Roberta Sanfilippo, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Simone Ferrero, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
In the recent years, angiogenetic inhibitors have emerged for the treatment of several malignancies. In particular, bevacizumab has proved to be effective in many types of cancers (including sarcoma), but the limitations of antiangiogenic therapy have been shown in practice. Here, we sought to review the current evidence on the role and efficacy of bevacizumab in patients affected by uterine leiomyosarcoma. On April 2017, Literature was searched in order to identify studies reporting outcomes of patients affected either by early stage or advanced/recurred uterine leiomyosarcoma undergoing treatment with bevacizumab, alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutic regimens...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758572/-telephone-counseling-for-pathological-gamblers-as-immediate-access-to-the-health-care-system-acceptance-and-use-of-the-mainzer-behavioral-addiction-helpline
#11
Rebecca Aster, Anke Quack, Martin Wejbera, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVE: Despite extensive psychosocial consequences, just a small number of pathological gamblers participates in counseling or treatment. Telephone helplines should facilitate pathological gamblers' access to the health care system. There is a lack of research on the use and the effects of such facilities in Germany. The present research focuses on the question whether telephone helplines facilitate pathological gamblers' access to the health care system. METHOD: All first time calls due to a gambling problem received by the behavioral addiction helpline of the University Medical Center Mainz between 2013 and 2016 were analyzed by SPSS...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755349/ibogaine-acute-administration-in-rats-promotes-wakefulness-long-lasting-rem-sleep-suppression-and-a-distinctive-motor-profile
#12
Joaquín González, José P Prieto, Paola Rodríguez, Matías Cavelli, Luciana Benedetto, Alejandra Mondino, Mariana Pazos, Gustavo Seoane, Ignacio Carrera, Cecilia Scorza, Pablo Torterolo
Ibogaine is a potent psychedelic alkaloid that has been the focus of intense research because of its intriguing anti-addictive properties. According to anecdotic reports, ibogaine has been originally classified as an oneirogenic psychedelic; i.e., induces a dream-like cognitive activity while awake. However, the effects of ibogaine administration on wakefulness (W) and sleep have not been thoroughly assessed. The main aim of our study was to characterize the acute effects of ibogaine administration on W and sleep...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754729/-femoral-pseudoaneurysms-in-drug-addicts-about-4-cases
#13
M Ben Hammamia, M Fourati, J Ziadi, F Ghedira, M Ben Mrad, R Denguir
PURPOSE: To describe the therapeutic management of false aneurysms of the femoral artery in drug addicts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the cases of four drug addicts with pseudoaneurysms of the femoral artery. RESULTS: All patients were male with a mean age of 36 years. Emergency surgical treatment involved removal of the pseudoaneurysm followed by a venous graft (n=3) or patch (n=1). The post-operative period was uneventful for three patients...
May 2018: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754030/receipt-of-alcohol-related-care-among-patients-with-hcv-and-unhealthy-alcohol-use
#14
Mandy D Owens, George N Ioannou, Judith L Tsui, Jennifer E Edelman, Preston A Greene, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use-particularly unhealthy alcohol use-exacerbates risks associated with Hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, whether unhealthy alcohol use is appropriately addressed among HCV+ patients is understudied. We examined receipt of alcohol-related care among HCV+ patients and unhealthy alcohol use. METHODS: All positive alcohol screens (AUDIT-C score ≥5) documented 10/01/09-5/30/13 were identified from national electronic health records data from the Veterans Health Administration (VA)...
May 8, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753244/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-one-year-going-inside-the-news-of-2017-a-report-of-the-main-advances-in-rcc-cancer-research
#15
REVIEW
Claudia Mosillo, Chiara Ciccarese, Davide Bimbatti, Emanuela Fantinel, Alberto Dalla Volta, Iolanda Bisogno, Ilaria Zampiva, Matteo Santoni, Francesco Massar, Matteo Brunelli, Rodolfo Montironi, Giampaolo Tortora, Roberto Iacovelli
Very interesting issues regarding RCC treatment have been raised during 2017. We analysed the main news that may potentially modified clinical practice. Conflicting data came from trials testing targeted therapies in the adjuvant setting, supporting the necessity of further investigations. One of the key goals of RCC research is focused on the first-line therapy, with particular interest focus on immunotherapy combinations. Redefine the standard of care with the aim of improving patients' survival represents an imperative need...
May 2, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751227/ampa-receptor-positive-allosteric-modulators-attenuate-morphine-tolerance-and-dependence
#16
Xiaoyu Hu, Xuebi Tian, Xiao Guo, Ying He, Haijun Chen, Jia Zhou, Zaijie Jim Wang
Development of opioid tolerance and dependence hinders the use of opioids for the treatment of chronic pain. In searching for the mechanism and potential intervention for opioid tolerance and dependence, we studied the action of two positive allosteric modulators of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR PAMs). In mice treated with morphine (100 mg/kg, s.c.), acute morphine tolerance and dependence developed in 4-6 h. Treatment with aniracetam, a well-established AMPAR PAM, was able to completely prevent and reverse the development of acute antinociceptive tolerance to morphine...
April 25, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749316/the-effectiveness-of-group-spiritual-intervention-on-self-esteem-and-happiness-among-men-undergoing-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#17
Mahmoud Rahmati, Amir Jalali, Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan, Nader Salari, Mahvash Kashkouli Behrouzi
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence or substance use disorder not only affects a person's life but also brings a lot of challenges for families and communities and imposes heavy burdens on them. There are various therapies in the domain of addiction whose main purposes are to reduce or to cut down substance abuse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of group spiritual intervention on self-esteem and happiness among male clients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment...
May 10, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748445/grp94-rewires-and-buffers-the-flt3-itd-signaling-network-and-promotes-survival-of-acute-myeloid-leukemic-stem-cells
#18
Beibei Zhang, Pilar Ayuda Durán, Laure Piechaczyk, Yngvar Fløisand, Mireia Mayoral Safont Safont, Ida Tveit Karlsen, Zina Fandalyuk, Dagim Tadele, Pepijn van Mierlo, Alexander D Rowe, Joseph M Robertson, Bjørn Tore Gjertsen, Emmet McCormack, Jorrit M Enserink
Internal tandem duplications in the tyrosine kinase receptor FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) are among the most common lesions in acute myeloid leukemia and there exists a need for new forms of treatment. Using ex vivo drug sensitivity screening, we found that FLT3-ITD+ patient cells are particularly sensitive to HSP90 inhibitors. While it is well known that HSP90 is important for FLT3-ITD stability, we found that HSP90 family members play a much more complex role in FLT3-ITD signaling than previously appreciated. First, we found that FLT3-ITD activates the unfolded protein response, leading to increased expression of GRP94/HSP90B1...
May 10, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748064/-helping-smoking-cessation-in-copd-asthma-lung-cancer-operated-smokers
#19
J Perriot, M Underner, G Peiffer, B Dautzenberg
Smoking is the cause of addictive behavior. Tobacco addiction is a chronic disease that makes difficult to stop smoking and leads to further use. Smoking is a risk factor for COPD, asthma and lung cancer; it may be the cause of severe perioperative complications. This finding justifies that smokers benefit from advice of stopping smoking and smoking cessation assistance. Helping patients to stop smoking increases the chances of quitting, improves the prognosis of tobacco-related diseases, the effectiveness of their treatments and the quality of life of the patients...
May 7, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747629/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-synergistic-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-the-combined-extracts-from-malaysian-ganoderma-lucidum-and-egyptian-chlorella-vulgaris
#20
Marwa M Abu-Serie, Noha H Habashy, Wafaa E Attia
BACKGROUND: Since oxidative stress and inflammation are two linked factors in the pathogenesis of several human diseases. Thus identification of effective treatment is of great importance. Edible mushroom and microalgae are rich in the effective antioxidant phytochemicals. Hence, their beneficial effects on oxidative stress-associated inflammation are extremely required to be investigated. METHODS: This study evaluated the functional constituents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Malaysian Ganoderma lucidum aqueous extract (GLE) and Egyptian Chlorella vulgaris ethanolic extract (CVE)...
May 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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