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Jiuyang Liu, Fudong Li, Hongyu Bao, Yiyang Jiang, Shuya Zhang, Rongsheng Ma, Jia Gao, Jihui Wu, Ke Ruan
Tripartite motif-containing protein 24 (TRIM24) is closely correlated with multiple cancers, and a recent study demonstrated that the bromodomain of TRIM24 is essential for the proliferation of lethal castration-resistant prostate cancer. Here, we identify three new inhibitors of the TRIM24 bromodomain using NMR fragment-based screening. The crystal structures of two new inhibitors in complex with the TRIM24 bromodomain reveal that the water-bridged interaction network is conserved in the same fashion as those for known benzoimidazolone inhibitors...
February 16, 2017: FEBS Journal
Ziling Fang, Ling Zhang, Quan Liao, Yi Wang, Feng Yu, Miao Feng, Xiaojun Xiang, Jianping Xiong
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence highlights the important roles of tripartite motif containing 24 (TRIM24) in tumor initiation and malignant progression in many tumors, including gastric cancer (GC). Although TRIM24 expression is remarkably upregulated during GC carcinogenesis, the molecular mechanisms underlying TRIM24 dysregulation remain unexplored. METHODS: In this study, miRNA target prediction tools were applied to explore miRNAs that potentially target TRIM24...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Sheng-Lin Zhu, Xi Chen, Liang-Jie Wang, Wei-Wei Wan, Qi-Lin Xin, Wei Wang, Gengfu Xiao, Lei-Ke Zhang
Sendai virus is an enveloped non-segmented negative-strand RNA virus that belongs to the genus Respirovirus of the Paramyxoviridae family. As a model pathogen, SeV has been extensively studied to define the basic biochemical and molecular biologic properties of the paramyxoviruses. In addition, SeV-infected host cells were widely employed to uncover the mechanism of innate immune response. To identify proteins involved in the SeV infection process or the SeV-induced innate immune response process, system-wide evaluations of SeV-host interactions have been performed...
January 9, 2017: Proteomics
Yu-Chan Chang, Li-Hsing Chi, Wei-Ming Chang, Chia-Yi Su, Yuang-Feng Lin, Chi-Long Chen, Ming-Huang Chen, Peter Mu-Hsin Chang, Alex T H Wu, Michael Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents a unique and major health concern worldwide. Significant increases in glucose uptake and aerobic glycolysis have been observed in HNSCC cells. Glucose transporters (GLUTs) represent a major hub in the glycolysis pathway, with GLUT4 having the highest glucose affinity. However, GLUT4's role in HNSCC has not been fully appreciated. METHODS: An in silico analysis was performed in HNSCC cohorts to identify the most significant glucose transporter associated with HNSCC patient prognosis...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Shengjiang Tu, Gary LeRoy, Danny Reinberg
In an effort to identify a chromatin-associated pluripotent network, Rafiee et al., (2016) developed a powerful ChIP-MS technique and discovered a novel protein, TRIM24, enriched on OCT4-, SOX2-, and NANOG-associated chromatin, paving the way for future proteomic studies on chromatin.
November 3, 2016: Molecular Cell
V V Nenasheva, E V Novosadova, I V Makarova, O S Lebedeva, M A Grefenshtein, E L Arsenyeva, S A Antonov, I A Grivennikov, V Z Tarantul
Over the last few years, in vitro models, based on patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), have received considerable attention for modeling different neurodegenerative disorders. Using this model, we analyzed transcription of 15 tripartite motif (trim) genes in iPSCs, derived from the different groups: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients bearing mutations in different genes, patient with the sporadic form of PD, and the healthy individuals. The transcription was observed during neuronal differentiation of the cells in vitro into neuronal stem cells and terminally differentiated neurons...
October 29, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Mahmoud-Reza Rafiee, Charles Girardot, Gianluca Sigismondo, Jeroen Krijgsveld
Maintenance of pluripotency is regulated by a network of transcription factors coordinated by Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog (OSN), yet a systematic investigation of the composition and dynamics of the OSN protein network specifically on chromatin is still missing. Here we have developed a method combining ChIP with selective isolation of chromatin-associated proteins (SICAP) followed by mass spectrometry to identify chromatin-bound partners of a protein of interest. ChIP-SICAP in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) identified over 400 proteins associating with OSN, including several whose interaction depends on the pluripotent state...
November 3, 2016: Molecular Cell
Wylie S Palmer
The entry of small molecule inhibitors of the bromodomain and extra C-terminal domain (BET) family of bromodomains into the clinic has demonstrated the therapeutic potential for this class of epigenetic acetyl-lysine reader proteins. Within the past two years, the development of potent inhibitors for the bromodomain and PHD finger containing protein (BRPF) family and the tripartite motif containing protein 24 (TRIM24) have been reported and are the subject of this review. Both proteins contain other domains with diverse functions and can also be part of a complex of proteins which have implications in epigenetic signaling and disease...
March 2016: Drug Discovery Today. Technologies
Srikanth Appikonda, Kaushik N Thakkar, Michelle Craig Barton
Tripartite Motif-containing protein 24 (TRIM24) functions as an E3 ligase targeting p53 for ubiquitination, a histone 'reader' that interacts with a specific signature of histone post-translational modifications and a co-regulator of nuclear receptor-regulated transcription. Although mouse models of Trim24 depletion suggest that TRIM24 may be a liver-specific tumor suppressor, several studies show that human TRIM24 is an oncogene when aberrantly over expressed. This review focuses on the mechanisms of TRIM24 functions in oncogenesis and metabolic reprogramming, which underlie recent interest in therapeutic targeting of aberrant TRIM24 in human cancers...
March 2016: Drug Discovery Today. Technologies
Jun Chi, Qing Yang, Xiao-Feng Xie, Xian-Zi Yang, Mei-Yin Zhang, Hui-Yun Wang, Guo-Liang Xu
Tripartite motif-containing 24 (TRIM24), a member of the transcription intermediary factor 1 family, is defined as a co-regulator with several nuclear receptors, such as RARα. TRIM24 has been reported to be involved in many cancers. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression pattern and prognostic significance of TRIM24 and its relationship with RARα in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). Both mRNA and protein expression levels of TRIM24 were found to be significantly decreased in ESCC, as judged by qRT-PCR and western blot...
September 28, 2016: Aging
Mihaela Ignat, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Véronique Lindner, Konstantin Khetchoumian, Marius Teletin, Didier Muttter, Pierre Marc Aprahamian, Jacques Marescaux
BACKGROUND: Genetically induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) models are generally used to investigate carcinogenesis pathways, but very few attempts were made to valorize them for pharmacological testing. This study describes a micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) - based methodology for the diagnostic and lifelong follow-up of HCC in the hepatocyte-specific Trim24-null mouse line. Myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP) was tested as anti-cancer drug. METHODS: Partial hepatectomy was performed in 2 months-old Trim24-null mice, in order to accelerate the carcinogenesis process...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Li Ma, Lili Yuan, Jing An, Michelle C Barton, Qingyuan Zhang, Zhaoliang Liu
Acetylated H3 lysine 23 (H3K23ac) is a specific histone post-translational modification recognized by oncoprotein TRIM24. However, it is not clear whether H3K23ac levels are correlated with TRIM24 expression and what role H3K23ac may have in cancer. In this study, we collected breast carcinoma samples from 121 patients and conducted immunohistochemistry to determine the levels of TRIM24 and H3K23ac in breast cancer. Our results demonstrated that TRIM24 expression is positively correlated with H3K23ac levels, and high levels of both TRIM24 and H3K23ac predict shorter overall survival of breast cancer patients...
November 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Lalit R Patel, Michelle C Barton
Prostate cancer is lethal when tumors evolve to activate androgen receptor signaling, which circumvents ligand-deprivation therapy. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Groner et al. show that histone reader and transcription co-regulator TRIM24 occupies a central role in this evolution, nominating inhibitors of TRIM24's bromodomain as a new therapeutic avenue.
June 13, 2016: Cancer Cell
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
(no author information available yet)
TRIM24 promotes cell proliferation in SPOP-mutant and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
July 2016: Cancer Discovery
Anna C Groner, Laura Cato, Jonas de Tribolet-Hardy, Tiziano Bernasocchi, Hana Janouskova, Diana Melchers, René Houtman, Andrew C B Cato, Patrick Tschopp, Lei Gu, Andrea Corsinotti, Qing Zhong, Christian Fankhauser, Christine Fritz, Cédric Poyet, Ulrich Wagner, Tiannan Guo, Ruedi Aebersold, Levi A Garraway, Peter J Wild, Jean-Philippe Theurillat, Myles Brown
Androgen receptor (AR) signaling is a key driver of prostate cancer (PC). While androgen-deprivation therapy is transiently effective in advanced disease, tumors often progress to a lethal castration-resistant state (CRPC). We show that recurrent PC-driver mutations in speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) stabilize the TRIM24 protein, which promotes proliferation under low androgen conditions. TRIM24 augments AR signaling, and AR and TRIM24 co-activated genes are significantly upregulated in CRPC. Expression of TRIM24 protein increases from primary PC to CRPC, and both TRIM24 protein levels and the AR/TRIM24 gene signature predict disease recurrence...
June 13, 2016: Cancer Cell
Jinmai Zhang, Huajie Luo, Hao Liu, Wei Ye, Ray Luo, Hai-Feng Chen
Histone modification plays a key role in gene regulation and gene expression. TRIM24 as a histone reader can recognize histone modification. However the specific recognition mechanism between TRIM24 and histone modification is unsolved. Here, systems biology method of dynamics correlation network based on molecular dynamics simulation was used to answer the question. Our network analysis shows that the dynamics correlation network of H3K23ac is distinctly different from that of wild type and other modifications...
2016: Scientific Reports
Reto Walser, Jonathan Renshaw, Alexander G Milbradt
Plant homeodomains (PHD) and Bromo domains are both chromatin reader domains that recognise histone methylation degree and acetylation state, respectively. The tripartite motif protein TRIM24 is a multidomain protein carrying a PHD-Bromo motif at its C-terminus, through which it is able to bind to histone 3 (H3) N-terminal tails with a specific modification pattern, namely unmethylated at K4 and acetylated at K23 (H3-K4me0K23ac). Here we report the 1H, 13C and 15N backbone resonance assignment of this 23 kDa motif, which we have obtained by heteronuclear multidimensional NMR spectroscopy...
April 2016: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Haiying Li, Qingling Wang, Haijun Bao, Heng Zhang, Ying Zhuang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) resistance significantly limits its use in clinical practice. Study found that TRIM24 was overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and regulate cell growth, cell cycle and apoptosis in lung cell lines. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of TRIM24 to regulate resistance of Gefitinib in NSCLC cells. METHODS: MTT and apoptosis were used to detect the change of cell grow and cell apoptosis with down-expression TRIM24 and ShTRIM24 with presence of Gefitinib...
January 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Jimena Perez-Lloret, Isobel S Okoye, Riccardo Guidi, Yashaswini Kannan, Stephanie M Coomes, Stephanie Czieso, Gabrielle Mengus, Irwin Davidson, Mark S Wilson
There is a paucity of new therapeutic targets to control allergic reactions and forestall the rising trend of allergic diseases. Although a variety of immune cells contribute to allergy, cytokine-secreting αβ(+)CD4(+) T-helper 2 (TH2) cells orchestrate the type-2-driven immune response in a large proportion of atopic asthmatics. To identify previously unidentified putative targets in pathogenic TH2 cells, we performed in silico analyses of recently published transcriptional data from a wide variety of pathogenic TH cells [Okoye IS, et al...
February 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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