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Mahmoud-Reza Rafiee, Charles Girardot, Gianluca Sigismondo, Jeroen Krijgsveld
Maintenance of pluripotency is regulated by a network of transcription factors coordinated by Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog (OSN), yet a systematic investigation of the composition and dynamics of the OSN protein network specifically on chromatin is still missing. Here we have developed a method combining ChIP with selective isolation of chromatin-associated proteins (SICAP) followed by mass spectrometry to identify chromatin-bound partners of a protein of interest. ChIP-SICAP in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) identified over 400 proteins associating with OSN, including several whose interaction depends on the pluripotent state...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Cell
Wylie S Palmer
The entry of small molecule inhibitors of the bromodomain and extra C-terminal domain (BET) family of bromodomains into the clinic has demonstrated the therapeutic potential for this class of epigenetic acetyl-lysine reader proteins. Within the past two years, the development of potent inhibitors for the bromodomain and PHD finger containing protein (BRPF) family and the tripartite motif containing protein 24 (TRIM24) have been reported and are the subject of this review. Both proteins contain other domains with diverse functions and can also be part of a complex of proteins which have implications in epigenetic signaling and disease...
March 2016: Drug Discovery Today. Technologies
Srikanth Appikonda, Kaushik N Thakkar, Michelle Craig Barton
Tripartite Motif-containing protein 24 (TRIM24) functions as an E3 ligase targeting p53 for ubiquitination, a histone 'reader' that interacts with a specific signature of histone post-translational modifications and a co-regulator of nuclear receptor-regulated transcription. Although mouse models of Trim24 depletion suggest that TRIM24 may be a liver-specific tumor suppressor, several studies show that human TRIM24 is an oncogene when aberrantly over expressed. This review focuses on the mechanisms of TRIM24 functions in oncogenesis and metabolic reprogramming, which underlie recent interest in therapeutic targeting of aberrant TRIM24 in human cancers...
March 2016: Drug Discovery Today. Technologies
Jun Chi, Qing Yang, Xiao-Feng Xie, Xian-Zi Yang, Mei-Yin Zhang, Hui-Yun Wang, Guo-Liang Xu
Tripartite motif-containing 24 (TRIM24), a member of the transcription intermediary factor 1 family, is defined as a co-regulator with several nuclear receptors, such as RARα. TRIM24 has been reported to be involved in many cancers. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression pattern and prognostic significance of TRIM24 and its relationship with RARα in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). Both mRNA and protein expression levels of TRIM24 were found to be significantly decreased in ESCC, as judged by qRT-PCR and western blot...
September 28, 2016: Aging
Mihaela Ignat, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Véronique Lindner, Konstantin Khetchoumian, Marius Teletin, Didier Muttter, Pierre Marc Aprahamian, Jacques Marescaux
BACKGROUND: Genetically induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) models are generally used to investigate carcinogenesis pathways, but very few attempts were made to valorize them for pharmacological testing. This study describes a micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) - based methodology for the diagnostic and lifelong follow-up of HCC in the hepatocyte-specific Trim24-null mouse line. Myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP) was tested as anti-cancer drug. METHODS: Partial hepatectomy was performed in 2 months-old Trim24-null mice, in order to accelerate the carcinogenesis process...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Li Ma, Lili Yuan, Jing An, Michelle C Barton, Qingyuan Zhang, Zhaoliang Liu
Acetylated H3 lysine 23 (H3K23ac) is a specific histone post-translational modification recognized by oncoprotein TRIM24. However, it is not clear whether H3K23ac levels are correlated with TRIM24 expression and what role H3K23ac may have in cancer. In this study, we collected breast carcinoma samples from 121 patients and conducted immunohistochemistry to determine the levels of TRIM24 and H3K23ac in breast cancer. Our results demonstrated that TRIM24 expression is positively correlated with H3K23ac levels, and high levels of both TRIM24 and H3K23ac predict shorter overall survival of breast cancer patients...
September 16, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Lalit R Patel, Michelle C Barton
Prostate cancer is lethal when tumors evolve to activate androgen receptor signaling, which circumvents ligand-deprivation therapy. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Groner et al. show that histone reader and transcription co-regulator TRIM24 occupies a central role in this evolution, nominating inhibitors of TRIM24's bromodomain as a new therapeutic avenue.
June 13, 2016: Cancer Cell
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
(no author information available yet)
TRIM24 promotes cell proliferation in SPOP-mutant and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
July 2016: Cancer Discovery
Anna C Groner, Laura Cato, Jonas de Tribolet-Hardy, Tiziano Bernasocchi, Hana Janouskova, Diana Melchers, René Houtman, Andrew C B Cato, Patrick Tschopp, Lei Gu, Andrea Corsinotti, Qing Zhong, Christian Fankhauser, Christine Fritz, Cédric Poyet, Ulrich Wagner, Tiannan Guo, Ruedi Aebersold, Levi A Garraway, Peter J Wild, Jean-Philippe Theurillat, Myles Brown
Androgen receptor (AR) signaling is a key driver of prostate cancer (PC). While androgen-deprivation therapy is transiently effective in advanced disease, tumors often progress to a lethal castration-resistant state (CRPC). We show that recurrent PC-driver mutations in speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) stabilize the TRIM24 protein, which promotes proliferation under low androgen conditions. TRIM24 augments AR signaling, and AR and TRIM24 co-activated genes are significantly upregulated in CRPC. Expression of TRIM24 protein increases from primary PC to CRPC, and both TRIM24 protein levels and the AR/TRIM24 gene signature predict disease recurrence...
June 13, 2016: Cancer Cell
Jinmai Zhang, Huajie Luo, Hao Liu, Wei Ye, Ray Luo, Hai-Feng Chen
Histone modification plays a key role in gene regulation and gene expression. TRIM24 as a histone reader can recognize histone modification. However the specific recognition mechanism between TRIM24 and histone modification is unsolved. Here, systems biology method of dynamics correlation network based on molecular dynamics simulation was used to answer the question. Our network analysis shows that the dynamics correlation network of H3K23ac is distinctly different from that of wild type and other modifications...
2016: Scientific Reports
Reto Walser, Jonathan Renshaw, Alexander G Milbradt
Plant homeodomains (PHD) and Bromo domains are both chromatin reader domains that recognise histone methylation degree and acetylation state, respectively. The tripartite motif protein TRIM24 is a multidomain protein carrying a PHD-Bromo motif at its C-terminus, through which it is able to bind to histone 3 (H3) N-terminal tails with a specific modification pattern, namely unmethylated at K4 and acetylated at K23 (H3-K4me0K23ac). Here we report the 1H, 13C and 15N backbone resonance assignment of this 23 kDa motif, which we have obtained by heteronuclear multidimensional NMR spectroscopy...
April 2016: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Haiying Li, Qingling Wang, Haijun Bao, Heng Zhang, Ying Zhuang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) resistance significantly limits its use in clinical practice. Study found that TRIM24 was overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and regulate cell growth, cell cycle and apoptosis in lung cell lines. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of TRIM24 to regulate resistance of Gefitinib in NSCLC cells. METHODS: MTT and apoptosis were used to detect the change of cell grow and cell apoptosis with down-expression TRIM24 and ShTRIM24 with presence of Gefitinib...
January 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Jimena Perez-Lloret, Isobel S Okoye, Riccardo Guidi, Yashaswini Kannan, Stephanie M Coomes, Stephanie Czieso, Gabrielle Mengus, Irwin Davidson, Mark S Wilson
There is a paucity of new therapeutic targets to control allergic reactions and forestall the rising trend of allergic diseases. Although a variety of immune cells contribute to allergy, cytokine-secreting αβ(+)CD4(+) T-helper 2 (TH2) cells orchestrate the type-2-driven immune response in a large proportion of atopic asthmatics. To identify previously unidentified putative targets in pathogenic TH2 cells, we performed in silico analyses of recently published transcriptional data from a wide variety of pathogenic TH cells [Okoye IS, et al...
February 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Wylie S Palmer, Guillaume Poncet-Montange, Gang Liu, Alessia Petrocchi, Naphtali Reyna, Govindan Subramanian, Jay Theroff, Anne Yau, Maria Kost-Alimova, Jennifer P Bardenhagen, Elisabetta Leo, Hannah E Shepard, Trang N Tieu, Xi Shi, Yanai Zhan, Shuping Zhao, Michelle C Barton, Giulio Draetta, Carlo Toniatti, Philip Jones, Mary Geck Do, Jannik N Andersen
The bromodomain containing proteins TRIM24 (tripartite motif containing protein 24) and BRPF1 (bromodomain and PHD finger containing protein 1) are involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression and have been implicated in human cancer. Overexpression of TRIM24 correlates with poor patient prognosis, and BRPF1 is a scaffolding protein required for the assembly of histone acetyltransferase complexes, where the gene of MOZ (monocytic leukemia zinc finger protein) was first identified as a recurrent fusion partner in leukemia patients (8p11 chromosomal rearrangements)...
February 25, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
James Bennett, Oleg Fedorov, Cynthia Tallant, Octovia Monteiro, Julia Meier, Vicky Gamble, Pavel Savitsky, Graciela A Nunez-Alonso, Bernard Haendler, Catherine Rogers, Paul E Brennan, Susanne Müller, Stefan Knapp
TRIM24 is a transcriptional regulator as well as an E3 ubiquitin ligase. It is overexpressed in diverse tumors, and high expression levels have been linked to poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. TRIM24 contains a PHD/bromodomain offering the opportunity to develop protein interaction inhibitors that target this protein interaction module. Here we identified potent acetyl-lysine mimetic benzimidazolones TRIM24 bromodomain inhibitors. The best compound of this series is a selective BRPF1B/TRIM24 dual inhibitor that bound with a KD of 137 and 222 nM, respectively, but exerted good selectivity over other bromodomains...
February 25, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Dongwei Xue, Xiuwei Zhang, Xilin Zhang, Jia Liu, Ning Li, Chunlai Liu, Yili Liu, Ping Wang
Tripartite motif-containing 24 (TRIM24), also known as transcription intermediary factor 1-alpha (TIF1α), is a chromatin-associated protein which as been has been implicated in carcinogenesis. However, its expression profile and biological roles in human bladder carcinoma has not been investigated. In this study, we examined its expression in 95 bladder cancer specimens. We found that TRIM24 expression was upregulated in 39 of 95 (41.1 %) specimens compared with normal control. TRIM24 overexpression was associated with local invasion and advanced grade of bladder cancer...
September 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Zhi-Feng Miao, Zhen-Ning Wang, Ting-Ting Zhao, Ying-Ying Xu, Jian-Hua Wu, Xing-Yu Liu, Hao Xu, Yi You, Hui-Mian Xu
The tripartite motif protein tripartite motif-containing 24 (TRIM24) is involved in human cancer progression. However, the expression pattern and biological roles of TRIM24 in human gastric cancer have not been studied. Here, we report that expression of TRIM24 protein was upregulated in 65 of 133 gastric cancer specimens. TRIM24 upregulation positively correlated with clinical stage, local invasion, and poor patient prognosis. We overexpressed TRIM24 by transfection in SGC-7901 cells and used an siRNA strategy to knock down TRIM24 in MKN-1 cells...
May 2015: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Jianwei Wang, Jinhui Zhu, Mingjun Dong, Hua Yu, Xiaoyu Dai, Keqiang Li
Colorectal cancer remains one of the most common cancers in men and women, and it accounts for a large proportion of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Tripartite motif (TRIM) proteins are a novel class of "single protein RING finger" E3 ubiquitin ligases, which have been shown to be involved in many cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of TRIM24 in human colorectal cancer. By using a lentivirus-mediated RNA interference system, we first explored the effect of TRIM24 knockdown on HCT116 cell proliferation and colony formation...
2014: Oncology Research
Denis Bertrand, Kern Rei Chng, Faranak Ghazi Sherbaf, Anja Kiesel, Burton K H Chia, Yee Yen Sia, Sharon K Huang, Dave S B Hoon, Edison T Liu, Axel Hillmer, Niranjan Nagarajan
Extensive and multi-dimensional data sets generated from recent cancer omics profiling projects have presented new challenges and opportunities for unraveling the complexity of cancer genome landscapes. In particular, distinguishing the unique complement of genes that drive tumorigenesis in each patient from a sea of passenger mutations is necessary for translating the full benefit of cancer genome sequencing into the clinic. We address this need by presenting a data integration framework (OncoIMPACT) to nominate patient-specific driver genes based on their phenotypic impact...
April 20, 2015: Nucleic Acids Research
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