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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917146/a-unified-theoretical-framework-for-cognitive-sequencing
#1
Tejas Savalia, Anuj Shukla, Raju S Bapi
The capacity to sequence information is central to human performance. Sequencing ability forms the foundation stone for higher order cognition related to language and goal-directed planning. Information related to the order of items, their timing, chunking and hierarchical organization are important aspects in sequencing. Past research on sequencing has emphasized two distinct and independent dichotomies: implicit vs. explicit and goal-directed vs. habits. We propose a theoretical framework unifying these two streams...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895909/retained-surgical-items-after-abdominal-and-pelvic-surgery-incidence-trend-and-predictors-observational-study
#2
Ahmad Elsharydah, Kimberly O Warmack, Abu Minhajuddin, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce
INTRODUCTION: Surgical retained items (RSIs) are associated with increase in perioperative morbidity and mortality. We used a large national database to investigate the incidence, trends and possible predictors for RSIs after major abdominal and pelvic procedures. METHODS: The nationwide inpatient sample data were queried to identify patients who underwent major abdominal and pelvic procedures and discharged with secondary ICD-9-CM diagnosis code of (998.44 and 998...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894561/apneic-oxygenation-may-not-prevent-severe-hypoxemia-during-rapid-sequence-intubation-a-retrospective-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-study
#3
Sattha Riyapan, Jeffrey Lubin
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the effectiveness of apneic oxygenation in preventing hypoxemia during prehospital rapid sequence intubation (RSI). METHODS: We performed a case-cohort study using a pre-existing database looking at intubation management by a single helicopter emergency medical service between July 2013 and June 2015. Apneic oxygenation using high-flow nasal cannula (15 L/min) was introduced to the standard RSI protocol in July 2014. Severe hypoxemia was defined as an incidence of oxygen saturation less than 90%...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833390/oropharyngeal-acid-reflux-and-motility-abnormalities-of-the-proximal-esophagus
#4
Sandro Passaretti, Giorgia Mazzoleni, Cristian Vailati, Pier Alberto Testoni
AIM: To investigate the relationship between pathological oropharyngeal (OP) acid exposure and esophageal motility in patients with extra-esophageal syndromes. METHODS: In this prospective study we enrolled consecutive outpatients with extra-esophageal symptoms suspected to be related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We enrolled only patients with a reflux symptom index (RSI) score-higher than 13 and with previous lung, allergy and ear, nose and throat evaluations excluding other specific diagnoses...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825368/impact-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-on-subjective-and-objective-voice-assessments-a-prospective-study
#5
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
BACKGROUND: Laryngopharyngeal reflux is a prevalent, not well-understood disease affecting a high proportion of patients who seek laryngology consultation. The objective of this prospective case series is to explore the subjective and objective voice modifications in Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), especially the usefulness of acoustic parameters as treatment outcomes, and to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of voice disorder. METHODS: Forty-one patients with a reflux finding score (RFS) > 7 and a reflux symptom index (RSI) > 13 were enrolled and treated with pantoprazole 20 mg twice daily for three months...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785883/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-first-pass-success-rates-in-emergency-department-intubation-creating-a-benchmark-for-emergency-airway-care
#6
Louise Park, Irene Zeng, Andrew Brainard
OBJECTIVE: Many EDs have begun to evaluate their airway performance. The first-pass success (FPS) rate is a commonly used marker of proficiency, and has been associated with rates of adverse events. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to quantify the ED FPS rates and summarise the rates of adverse events associated with endotracheal intubation. METHODS: A structured literature search was performed through MEDLINE and EMBASE. Research published since 2000 was included if it prospectively collected data on all patients intubated in the ED and reported the FPS rates...
October 27, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735051/restriction-spectrum-imaging-reveals-decreased-neurite-density-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#7
Richard Q Loi, Kelly M Leyden, Akshara Balachandra, Vedang Uttarwar, Donald J Hagler, Brianna M Paul, Anders M Dale, Nathan S White, Carrie R McDonald
OBJECTIVE: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has become a popular tool for delineating the location and extent of white matter injury in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). However, DTI yields nonspecific measures that are confounded by changes occurring within both the intracellular and extracellular environments. This study investigated whether an advanced diffusion method, restriction spectrum imaging (RSI) could provide a more robust measure of white matter injury in TLE relative to DTI due to RSI's ability to separate intraaxonal diffusion (i...
November 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727068/accuracy-of-rapid-sequence-intubation-medication-dosing-in-obese-patients-intubated-in-the-ed
#8
Rahul Bhat, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Christie Sun, Janelle Vaughns, Maria Dynin, Eshetu Tefera, Daryn Towle, Munish Goyal
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data regarding appropriateness of sedative and paralytic dosing of obese patients undergoing rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the emergency department. The goal of this study was to compare rates of appropriate succinylcholine and etomidate doses in obese and nonobese patients. METHODS: Retrospective review using a database of endotracheally intubated patients using RSI in an urban, tertiary care academic emergency department, from November 2009 to June 2011...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706036/synthesis-of-a-1-aryl-2-2-chlorosilyl-phospha-silene-coordinated-by-an-n-heterocyclic-carbene
#9
Andreas Wolfgang Kyri, Paresh Kumar Majhi, Takahiro Sasamori, Tomohiro Agou, Vitaly Nesterov, Jing-Dong Guo, Shigeru Nagase, Norihiro Tokitoh, Rainer Streubel
Phosphasilenes, P=Si doubly bonded compounds, have received considerable attention due to their unique physical and chemical properties. We report on the synthesis and structure of a chlorophosphasilene coordinated by an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC), which has the potential of functionalization at the Si-Cl moiety. Treatment of a silylphosphine, ArPH-SiCl₂RSi (Ar = bulky aryl group, RSi = Si(SiMe₃)₃) with two equivalents of Im-Me₄ (1,3,4,5-tetramethylimidazol-2-ylidene) afforded the corresponding NHC-coordinated phosphasilene, ArP=SiClRSi(Im-Me₄) as a stable compound...
September 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697705/pentachlorophenol-affected-both-reproductive-and-interrenal-systems-in-silico-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-evidence
#10
Lihua Yang, Jinmiao Zha, Zijian Wang
The present study investigated the effects on reproductive and interrenal system by pentachlorophenol (PCP) using in silico and in vivo assays. Molecular docking results indicated interacting potency of PCP with steroid receptors (ERα, ERβ, AR, GR) but not Cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs). In the in vivo assay, sexually matured rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) was exposed to environmental relevant concentrations of PCP (0, 0.5, 5, 50 μg L(-1)). In male fish, 14-d exposure caused up-regulation of mRNA levels of hepatic erα, erβ, ar, gr, vtg and gonadal erα, vtg, ar, dmrt1, providing evidence for agonistic activities for steroid receptors by PCP...
January 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27675988/differences-in-the-radiosensitivity-index-rsi-between-lung-metastases-based-upon-primary-histology
#11
K A Ahmed, A E Berglund, E A Welsh, A O Naghavi, B A Perez, T J Dilling, S A Eschrich, J F Torres-Roca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27675869/the-radiosensitivity-index-rsi-and-the-connectivity-map-a-genomically-guided-approach-for-the-identification-of-novel-radiosensitizers
#12
K A Ahmed, T Strom, J G Scott, E A Welsh, H L McLeod, L B Harrison, S A Eschrich, J F Torres-Roca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668304/regiodiscriminating-reactivity-of-isolable-nhc-coordinated-disilenyl-germylene-and-its-cyclic-isomer
#13
David Nieder, Volker Huch, Cem B Yildiz, David Scheschkewitz
An isolable NHC-coordinated disilenyl germylene R2Si═SiR-GePh·NHC(iPr2)(Me2) (5b: R = 2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl, NHC(iPr2)(Me2) = 1,3-diisopropyl-4,5-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene) is obtained from the reaction of the α-chloro silyl functionalized heavier vinylidene analogue R2(Cl)Si-RSi═Ge·NHC(iPr2)(Me2) with phenyllithium. The disilenyl germylene 5b isomerizes at 40 °C to the NHC-adduct of the corresponding heavier cyclopropylidene analogue 6b. Both 5b and 6b display near perfect regiodiscrimination in their reactions with phenylacetylene and xylyl isocyanide, affording in the case of each reagent two different regioisomers of NHC-coordinated cyclic germylenes...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666704/-preliminary-application-of-dx-ph-monitoring-system-in-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-disease
#14
H L Han, J H Zhao, Y L Zhang, M Wang, H F Wang, J N Cheng, Y Feng, K Q Luo, Q P Lyu
Objective: To summarize the application and significance of Dx-pH monitoring system in laryngopharyngeal reflux disease. Methods: Fifty-four patients who had symptoms of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease in our department from February to December in 2015 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. All patients were evaluated with reflux symptoms index(RSI), flexible laryngoscope and reflux finding score(RFS), and larygopharygeal Dx-pH monitoring. Results: Among all 54 patients, there were 26 patients whose Ryan score were positive(48...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666703/-a-comparison-of-ph-4-and-ph-5-as-thresholds-for-24-hour-ph-monitoring-in-the-diagnosis-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#15
J S Wang, J R Li
Objective: To evaluate the consistency between 24-hour pH monitoring, reflux symptom index(RSI) and reflux finding score(RFS) when using pH<4 or pH<5 as threshold for 24-hour pH monitoring in the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux. Methods: Patients who presented with suspicious laryngopharyngeal reflux between February 2014 and December 2015 were included in this study. pH<4 and pH<5 reflux episodes, RSI and RFS were collected. The consistency between 24-hour pH monitoring and scale results were analyzed when pH<4 or pH<5 as threshold respectively...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650474/simple-and-robust-methods-for-remote-sensing-of-canopy-chlorophyll-content-a-comparative-analysis-of-hyperspectral-data-for-different-types-of-vegetation
#16
Yoshio Inoue, Martine Guérif, Frédéric Baret, Andrew Skidmore, Anatoly Gitelson, Martin Schlerf, Roshanak Darvishzadeh, Albert Olioso
Canopy chlorophyll content (CCC) is an essential ecophysiological variable for photosynthetic functioning. Remote sensing of CCC is vital for a wide range of ecological and agricultural applications. The objectives of this study were to explore simple and robust algorithms for spectral assessment of CCC. Hyperspectral datasets for six vegetation types (rice, wheat, corn, soybean, sugar beet and natural grass) acquired in four locations (Japan, France, Italy and USA) were analysed. To explore the best predictive model, spectral index approaches using the entire wavebands and multivariable regression approaches were employed...
September 21, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647519/a-mixed-methods-study-of-patient-views-on-reflux-symptoms-and-medication-routines
#17
Jessica M Pisegna, Sky Yang, Audrey Purcell, Alix Rubio
OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic disorder often accompanied by laryngopharyngeal reflux. Speech-language pathologists are tasked with treating these patients with voice, dysphagia, and/or reflux therapy. This study investigated patient-reported reasons for reduced compliance with recommended reflux treatment and the top symptoms in patients with reflux, dysphagia, and voice symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative mixed-methods design to identify and describe patients' reflux symptoms and reflux medication routines...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646281/collective-review-of-the-status-of-rapid-sequence-intubation-drugs-of-choice-in-trauma-in-low-and-middle-income-settings-prehospital-emergency-department-and-operating-room-setting
#18
Leressè Pillay, Timothy Hardcastle
INTRODUCTION: Establishing a definitive airway in order to ensure adequate ventilation and oxygenation is an important aspect of resuscitation of the polytrauma patient . AIM: To review the relevant literature that compares the different drugs used for rapid sequence intubation (RSI) of trauma patients, specifically reviewing: premedication, induction agents and neuromuscular blocking agents across the prehospital, emergency department and operating room setting, and to present the best practices based on the reviewed evidence...
September 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633493/the-revised-strain-index-an-improved-upper-extremity-exposure-assessment-model
#19
Arun Garg, J Steven Moore, Jay M Kapellusch
The Revised Strain Index (RSI) is a distal upper extremity (DUE) physical exposure assessment model based on: intensity of exertion, frequency of exertion, duration per exertion, hand/wrist posture and duration of task per day. The RSI improves upon the 1995 Strain Index (SI) by using continuous rather than categorical multipliers, and replacing duty cycle with duration per exertion. In a simulation of 13,944 tasks, the RSI and 1995 SI showed good agreement in risk predictions for 1995 SI scores ≤3 (safe) and >13...
October 14, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618527/the-relationship-between-maximal-strength-and-reactive-strength
#20
Kris Beattie, Brian P Carson, Mark Lyons, Ian C Kenny
Maximum- and reactive-strength qualities both have important roles in athletic movements and sporting performance. Very little research has investigated the relationship between maximum-strength and reactive-strength. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between maximum-strength (isometric mid-thigh pull peak force; IMTP PF) and reactive-strength (drop-jump reactive-strength index; DJ-RSI) variables at 0.3 m, 0.4 m, 0.5 m and 0.6 m box heights. A secondary aim investigated the between- and within-group differences in reactive-strength characteristics between relatively 'strong' and 'weak' athletes...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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