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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930700/economic-analysis-of-the-link-between-diet-quality-and-health-evidence-from-kosovo
#1
Kushtrim Braha, Andrej Cupák, Ján Pokrivčák, Artan Qineti, Marian Rizov
We analyse the link between diet diversity, (which is a proxy of diet quality) and health outcomes measured by body-mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of Kosovar adults using household expenditure micro-data. Building on a household model of health production we devise a two-stage empirical strategy to estimate the determinants of diet diversity and its effect on BMI. Economic factors and demographic characteristics play an important role in the choice of balanced diets. Results from the BMI analysis support the hypothesis that diet diversity is associated with optimal BMI...
September 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930554/diet-microparticles-and-atherothrombosis
#2
Lina Badimon, Rosa Suades, Javier Crespo, Teresa Padro, Gemma Chiva-Blanch
Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death worldwide, and is principally caused by atherosclerosis, with subsequent thrombus formation, eventually provoking an acute myocardial infarction or a stroke. The formation and progression of the atherosclerotic plaques responds to multiple factors including certain diets. Intensive research has elucidated the role of diet in cardiovascular disease and has led to public health policies focusing on educating the population on the role of nutrition in cardiovascular health...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929676/-understanding-and-development-strategy-of-health-food-containing-chinese-materia-medica
#3
REVIEW
Lin-Yuan Wang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chun Wang, Jing-Xia Wang, Ying-Li Zhu, Jia Wang, Xue-Min Gao
Health food containing Chinese materia medica (CMM) conforms to the development demands of the age of big health and the theory of preventive treatment. In the view of health care and improvement of resisting diseases, it plays an important role in the market. It is very necessary to have further study and discussion on health food containing CMM. First of all, by comparing, analyzing and summarizing, the health food containing CMM could be defined as the health food which is qualified in security and functionality evaluation, with the traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) within TCM standards as the main raw materials, and the formulation-composition is based on the theory of TCM...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925724/pistachio-nut-allergy-an-updated-overview
#4
Joana Costa, Isa Silva, António A Vicente, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Isabel Mafra
Pistachio nut (Pistacia vera) is highly appreciated for its organoleptic characteristics and potential health benefits. However, this tree nut is also responsible for triggering moderate to severe IgE-mediated reactions in allergic individuals. Currently, pistachio nut allergy has gained some special attention, mainly due to its intrinsic relation with cashew nut allergy. Like for other nuts, the prevalence of pistachio nut allergy seems to be increasing at a global scale. Until now, there are five allergenic proteins officially listed for pistachio nut (Pis v 1, Pis v 2, Pis v 3, Pis v 4 and Pis v 5)...
September 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925340/british-escherichia-coli-o157-in-cattle-study-becs-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-e-coli-o157-in-herds-with-cattle-destined-for-the-food-chain
#5
M K Henry, S C Tongue, J Evans, C Webster, I J McKENDRICK, M Morgan, A Willett, A Reeves, R W Humphry, D L Gally, G J Gunn, M E Chase-Topping
Escherichia coli O157 are zoonotic bacteria for which cattle are an important reservoir. Prevalence estimates for E. coli O157 in British cattle for human consumption are over 10 years old. A new baseline is needed to inform current human health risk. The British E. coli O157 in Cattle Study (BECS) ran between September 2014 and November 2015 on 270 farms across Scotland and England & Wales. This is the first study to be conducted contemporaneously across Great Britain, thus enabling comparison between Scotland and England & Wales...
September 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#6
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919903/the-role-of-soil-solarization-in-india-how-an-unnoticed-practice-could-support-pest-control
#7
REVIEW
Harsimran K Gill, Iqbal S Aujla, Luigi De Bellis, Andrea Luvisi
Plant protection represents one of the strategies to fill the yield gap and to achieve food security, a key topic for India development. Analysis of climate risks for crops indicates that South Asia is one of the regions most exposed to the adverse impact on many plants that are relevant to inhabitants exposed to food safety risks. Furthermore, accumulation of pesticide residues in the aquatic and other ecosystems is becoming a significant threat in India. These perspectives require to develop programs of crop protection that can be feasible according to Indian rural development and pollution policy...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919654/protecting-energy-intakes-against-income-shocks
#8
Stephanie von Hinke, George Leckie
Whether and how changes in economic circumstances or household income affect individuals' diet and nutritional intakes is of substantial interest for policy purposes. This paper exploits a period of substantial income volatility in Russia to examine the extent to which, as well as how individuals protect their energy intakes in the face of unanticipated shocks to household income. Using rich data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, our results suggest that households use substitution, disproportionally cutting back spending on non-foods to protect spending on foods, change the composition of the consumption basket, and increase the consumption of 'cheaper' calories...
September 2017: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#9
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918870/explaining-the-differences-in-household-food-waste-collection-and-treatment-provisions-between-local-authorities-in-england-and-wales
#10
A D Bees, I D Williams
Separate household food waste collection for anaerobic digestion is one method used in the sustainable management of biodegradable municipal solid waste (MSW). Recycling of food waste contributes to the UK's reuse, recycling and composting targets and can help local authorities boost plateauing rates whilst encouraging landfill diversion. This study explored the reasons for differences in the provision of food waste collections, using two comparable local authorities, one with a collection in Wales (Cardiff), and the other absent of such service in England (Southampton)...
September 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917240/snack-and-beverage-consumption-and-preferences-in-a-sample-of-chinese-children-are-they-influenced-by-advertising
#11
Peng Liu, Yang Yu, Lesley King, Mu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917170/how-do-climatic-and-management-factors-affect-agricultural-ecosystem-services-a-case-study-in-the-agro-pastoral-transitional-zone-of-northern-china
#12
Jianmin Qiao, Deyong Yu, Jianguo Wu
Agricultural ecosystem management needs to ensure food production and minimize soil erosion and nitrogen (N) leaching under climate change and increasingly intensive human activity. Thus, the mechanisms through which climatic and management factors affect crop production, soil erosion, and N leaching must be understood in order to ensure food security and sustainable agricultural development. In this study, we adopted the GIS-based Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) model to simulate crop production, soil erosion, and N leaching, and used a partial least squares regression model to evaluate the contributions of climate variables (solar radiation, precipitation, wind speed, relative humidity, and maximum and minimum temperature) and management factors (irrigation, fertilization, and crop cultivation area) on agricultural ecosystem services (AES) in the agro-pastoral transitional zone (APTZ) of northern China...
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914786/baseline-and-estimated-trends-of-sodium-availability-and-food-sources-in-the-costa-rican-population-during-2004-2005-and-2012-2013
#13
Adriana Blanco-Metzler, Rafael Moreira Claro, Katrina Heredia-Blonval, Ivannia Caravaca Rodríguez, María de Los A Montero-Campos, Branka Legetic, Mary R L'Abbe
In 2012, Costa Rica launched a program to reduce salt and sodium consumption to prevent cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors, but little was known about the level of sodium consumption or its sources. Our aim was to estimate the magnitude and time trends of sodium consumption (based on food and beverage acquisitions) in Costa Rica. Data from the National Household Income and Expenditure Surveys carried out in 2004-2005 (n = 4231) and 2012-2013 (n = 5705) were used. Records of food purchases for household consumption were converted into sodium and energy using food composition tables...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913797/agribusiness-perspectives-on-transgenic-wheat
#14
Bill Malcolm
Declining yields of the major human food crops, looming growth in global population and rise of populism, and ill-founded bans on agricultural and horticultural crops and foodstuffs which are genetically modified have potentially serious implications. It makes the chance less than otherwise would be the case that agribusiness value chains in the future will meet the growing demand around the world for more and different foods from more and wealthier people. In the agribusiness value chain, transgenic wheat, meeting a consumer "trigger need" also must meet the "experience" and "credence," risk-related criteria of well-informed consumers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911604/nanotechnology-in-food-science-functionality-applicability-and-safety-assessment
#15
REVIEW
Xiaojia He, Huey-Min Hwang
Rapid development of nanotechnology is expected to transform many areas of food science and food industry with increasing investment and market share. In this article, current applications of nanotechnology in food systems are briefly reviewed. Functionality and applicability of food-related nanotechnology are highlighted in order to provide a comprehensive view on the development and safety assessment of nanotechnology in the food industry. While food nanotechnology offers great potential benefits, there are emerging concerns arising from its novel physicochemical properties...
October 2016: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910293/attribution-of-global-foodborne-disease-to-specific-foods-findings-from-a-world-health-organization-structured-expert-elicitation
#16
Sandra Hoffmann, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Willy Aspinall, Roger Cooke, Tim Corrigan, Arie Havelaar, Frederick Angulo, Herman Gibb, Martyn Kirk, Robin Lake, Niko Speybroeck, Paul Torgerson, Tine Hald
BACKGROUND: Recently the World Health Organization, Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG) estimated that 31 foodborne diseases (FBDs) resulted in over 600 million illnesses and 420,000 deaths worldwide in 2010. Knowing the relative role importance of different foods as exposure routes for key hazards is critical to preventing illness. This study reports the findings of a structured expert elicitation providing globally comparable food source attribution estimates for 11 major FBDs in each of 14 world subregions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906569/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-predictors-of-food-insecurity-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#17
Stephanie Godrich, Johnny Lo, Christina Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: Inequities can negatively impact the health outcomes of children. The aims of this study were to: i) ascertain the prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among regional and remote Western Australian (WA) children; and ii) determine which socio-demographic factors predicted child FI. METHODS: Caregiver-child dyads (n=219) completed cross-sectional surveys. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS version 23. RESULTS: Overall, 20...
September 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905461/assessment-of-ecosystem-resilience-to-hydroclimatic-disturbances-in-india
#18
Ashutosh Sharma, Manish Kumar Goyal
Recent studies have shown an increasing trend in hydroclimatic disturbances like droughts, which are anticipated to become more frequent and intense under global warming and climate change. Droughts adversely affect the vegetation growth and crop yield, which enhances the risks to food security for a country like India with over 1.2 billion people to feed. Here, we compared the response of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) to hydroclimatic disturbances in India at different scales (i.e., at river basins, land covers, and climate types) to examine the ecosystems' resilience to such adverse conditions...
September 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903785/food-insecurity-and-emotional-health-in-the-usa-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-longitudinal-research
#19
Meg Bruening, Lauren M Dinour, Jose B Rosales Chavez
OBJECTIVE: To examine the causal directionality in the relationship between food insecurity and emotional well-being among US-based populations. DESIGN: Systematic literature review from January 2006 to July 2016 using MEDLINE (PubMed), PsychInfo, Web of Science and CINHAL. Inclusion criteria were: written in English; examined a longitudinal association between food insecurity and emotional well-being. SETTING: The USA. SUBJECTS: Children and adults...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902480/the-ontario-food-and-nutrition-strategy-identifying-indicators-of-food-access-and-food-literacy-for-early-monitoring-of-the-food-environment
#20
Beatrice A Boucher, Elizabeth Manafò, Meaghan R Boddy, Lynn Roblin, Rebecca Truscott
INTRODUCTION: To address challenges Canadians face within their food environments, a comprehensive, multistakeholder, intergovernmental approach to policy development is essential. Food environment indicators are needed to assess population status and change. The Ontario Food and Nutrition Strategy (OFNS) integrates the food, agriculture and nutrition sectors, and aims to improve the health of Ontarians through actions that promote healthy food systems and environments. This report describes the process of identifying indicators for 11 OFNS action areas in two strategic directions (SDs): Healthy Food Access, and Food Literacy and Skills...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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