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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342090/development-of-databases-on-iodine-in-foods-and-dietary-supplements
#1
REVIEW
Abby G Ershow, Sheila A Skeaff, Joyce M Merkel, Pamela R Pehrsson
Iodine is an essential micronutrient required for normal growth and neurodevelopment; thus, an adequate intake of iodine is particularly important for pregnant and lactating women, and throughout childhood. Low levels of iodine in the soil and groundwater are common in many parts of the world, often leading to diets that are low in iodine. Widespread salt iodization has eradicated severe iodine deficiency, but mild-to-moderate deficiency is still prevalent even in many developed countries. To understand patterns of iodine intake and to develop strategies for improving intake, it is important to characterize all sources of dietary iodine, and national databases on the iodine content of major dietary contributors (including foods, beverages, water, salts, and supplements) provide a key information resource...
January 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#2
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337880/the-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-the-most-commonly-available-street-foods-in-tajikistan-and-kyrgyzstan-in-the-context-of-the-feedcities-project
#3
Inês Lança de Morais, Nuno Lunet, Gabriela Albuquerque, Marcello Gelormini, Susana Casal, Albertino Damasceno, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Jo Jewell, João Breda, Patrícia Padrão
This cross-sectional study is aimed at assessing sodium (Na) and potassium (K) content and the molar Na:K ratios of the most commonly available ready-to-eat street foods in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Four different samples of each of these foods were collected and 62 food categories were evaluated through bromatological analysis. Flame photometry was used to quantify sodium and potassium concentrations. The results show that home-made foods can be important sources of sodium. In particular, main dishes and sandwiches, respectively, contain more than 1400 and nearly 1000 mg Na in an average serving and provide approximately 70% and 50% of the maximum daily recommended values...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334935/adoption-and-diffusion-of-zoning-bylaws-banning-fast-food-drive-through-services-across-canadian-municipalities
#4
Candace I J Nykiforuk, Elizabeth J Campbell, Soultana Macridis, Daniel McKennitt, Kayla Atkey, Kim D Raine
BACKGROUND: Healthy public policy is an important tool for creating environments that support human health and wellbeing. At the local level, municipal policies, such as zoning bylaws, provide an opportunity for governments to regulate building location and the type of services offered. Across North America, there has been a recent proliferation of municipal bylaws banning fast food drive-through services. Research on the utilization of this policy strategy, including bylaw adopters and adopter characteristics, is limited within the Canadian context...
January 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331834/land-water-food-nexus-and-indications-of-crop-adjustment-for-water-shortage-solution
#5
Dandan Ren, Yonghui Yang, Yanmin Yang, Keith Richards, Xinyao Zhou
While agriculture places the greatest demand on water resources, increasing agricultural production is worsening a global water shortage. Reducing the cultivation of water-consuming crops may be the most effective way to reduce agricultural water use. However, when also taking food demand into consideration, sustaining the balance between regional water and food securities is a growing challenge. This paper addresses this task for regions where water is unsustainable for food production (Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region for example) by: (i) assessing the different effects of wheat and maize on water use; (ii) analyzing virtual water and virtual land flows associated with food imports and exports between Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and elsewhere in China; (iii) identifying sub-regions where grain is produced using scarce water resources but exported to other regions; and (iv) analyzing the potentiality for mitigating water shortage via Land-Water-Food Nexus...
January 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330032/a-free-sugars-daily-value-dv-identifies-more-less-healthy-prepackaged-foods-and-beverages-than-a-total-sugars-dv
#6
Jodi T Bernstein, Marie-Ève Labonté, Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Alyssa Schermel, Mary R L'Abbé
Regulatory changes in Canada will require food labels to have a benchmark [% Daily Value, %DV] for total sugars, based on 100 g/day, while US labels will require a %DV for added sugars, based on 50 g/day. The objective of this study was to compare two labelling policies, a total sugars DV (100 g/day) and a free sugars DV (50 g/day) on food labels. This cross-sectional analysis of the Food Label Information Program database focussed on top sources of total sugars intake in Canada (n = 6924 foods)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330002/choosing-a-healthy-and-sustainable-diet-a-three-level-approach-for-understanding-the-drivers-of-the-italians-dietary-regime-over-time
#7
Ilaria Benedetti, Tiziana Laureti, Luca Secondi
Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. The aim of this paper is to determine the Italians' prevailing food patterns using a composite indicator and to identify which factors determine a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italy...
January 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329099/accumulation-patterns-and-risk-assessment-of-metals-and-metalloid-in-muscle-and-offal-of-free-range-chickens-cattle-and-goat-in-benin-city-nigeria
#8
Emmanuel Temiotan Ogbomida, Shouta M M Nakayama, Nesta Bortey-Sam, Balazs Oroszlany, Isioma Tongo, Alex Ajeh Enuneku, Ogbeide Ozekeke, Martins Oshioriamhe Ainerua, Iriagbonse Priscillia Fasipe, Lawrence Ikechukwu Ezemonye, Hazuki Mizukawa, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Mayumi Ishizuka
The use of free range animals for monitoring environmental health offers opportunities to detect exposure and assess the toxicological effects of pollutants in terrestrial ecosystems. Potential human health risk of dietary intake of metals and metalloid via consumption of offal and muscle of free range chicken, cattle and goats by the urban population in Benin City was evaluated. Muscle, gizzard, liver and kidney samples were analyzed for Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb concentrations using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) while Hg was determined using Hg analyzer...
January 9, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326146/prior-authorization-requirements-for-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-inhibitors-across-us-private-and-public-payers
#9
Jalpa A Doshi, Justin T Puckett, Michael S Parmacek, Daniel J Rader
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9is) are an innovative treatment option for patients with familial hypercholesterolemia or clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who require further lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, the high costs of these agents have spurred payers to implement utilization management policies to ensure appropriate use. We examined prior authorization (PA) requirements for PCSK9is across private and public US payers...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#10
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#11
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#12
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320517/explaining-the-decline-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-in-the-slovak-republic-between-1993-2008
#13
Marek Psota, Piotr Bandosz, Eva Gonçalvesová, Mária Avdičová, Mária Bucek Pšenková, Martin Studenčan, Jarmila Pekarčíková, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: Between the years 1993 and 2008, mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Slovak Republic have decreased by almost one quarter. However, this was a smaller decline than in neighbouring countries. The aim of this modelling study was therefore to quantify the contributions of risk factor changes and the use of evidence-based medical therapies to the CHD mortality decline between 1993 and 2008. METHODS: We identified, obtained and scrutinised the data required for the model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317011/declaration-of-nutrition-information-on-and-nutritional-quality-of-thai-ready-to-eat-packaged-food-products
#14
Suladda Pongutta, Pitipa Chongwatpol, Parwin Tantayapirak, Stefanie Vandevijvere
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the nutrition information displayed on ready-to-eat packaged foods and the nutritional quality of those food products in Thailand. DESIGN: In March 2015, the nutrition information panels and nutrition and health claims on ready-to-eat packaged foods were collected from the biggest store of each of the twelve major retailers, using protocols developed by the International Network for Food and Obesity/Non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS)...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316699/arizona-registered-dietitians-show-gaps-in-knowledge-of-bean-health-benefits
#15
Donna M Winham, Andrea M Hutchins, Sharon V Thompson, Mariah K Dougherty
Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans...
January 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316639/optimization-of-location-routing-problem-for-cold-chain-logistics-considering-carbon-footprint
#16
Songyi Wang, Fengming Tao, Yuhe Shi
In order to solve the optimization problem of logistics distribution system for fresh food, this paper provides a low-carbon and environmental protection point of view, based on the characteristics of perishable products, and combines with the overall optimization idea of cold chain logistics distribution network, where the green and low-carbon location-routing problem (LRP) model in cold chain logistics is developed with the minimum total costs as the objective function, which includes carbon emission costs...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315400/the-potential-of-a-human-rights-approach-for-accelerating-the-implementation-of-comprehensive-restrictions-on-the-marketing-of-unhealthy-foods-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-to-children
#17
Sabrina Ionata Granheim, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Liv Elin Torheim
Overweight and obesity in children is rising at the global level, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Among the causes for this increase is the marketing of unhealthy food and beverage products, which affects children's food preferences, purchasing requests and consumption patterns. The need to address harmful marketing to children has been recognized at the World Health Organization, with Member States having agreed in 2010 to implement a set of recommendations to restrict such practices. Concurrently, there is an increasing understanding of unhealthy food and malnutrition as human rights concerns...
January 5, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313201/water-and-nitrate-dynamics-in-safflower-field-lysimeters-under-different-irrigation-strategies-planting-methods-and-nitrogen-fertilization-and-application-of-hydrus-1d-model
#18
Mohammad Hossein Shahrokhnia, Ali Reza Sepaskhah
World recent concerns about the shortage of water resources and contamination of groundwater supplies have motivated scientists seeking for more efficient techniques in irrigation and fertilization of farms while taking the advantage of models. The objective of this study is to address how water and nitrogen (N) dynamics are affected by efficient management strategies and to evaluate the application of HYDRUS-1D model in these conditions. In terms of using management policies, different irrigation strategies, planting methods, and different N fertilization rates applied on safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L...
January 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310629/the-canadian-urban-environmental-health-research-consortium-a-protocol-for-building-a-national-environmental-exposure-data-platform-for-integrated-analyses-of-urban-form-and-health
#19
Jeffrey R Brook, Eleanor M Setton, Evan Seed, Mahdi Shooshtari, Dany Doiron
BACKGROUND: Multiple external environmental exposures related to residential location and urban form including, air pollutants, noise, greenness, and walkability have been linked to health impacts or benefits. The Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium (CANUE) was established to facilitate the linkage of extensive geospatial exposure data to existing Canadian cohorts and administrative health data holdings. We hypothesize that this linkage will enable investigators to test a variety of their own hypotheses related to the interdependent associations of built environment features with diverse health outcomes encompassed by the cohorts and administrative data...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304014/environmental-risk-factors-for-developing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Tashi Dendup, Xiaoqi Feng, Stephanie Clingan, Thomas Astell-Burt
Different elements of the environment have been posited to influence type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This systematic review summarizes evidence on the environmental determinants of T2DM identified in four databases. It proposes a theoretical framework illustrating the link between environment and T2DM, and briefly discusses some methodological challenges and potential solutions, and opportunities for future research. Walkability, air pollution, food and physical activity environment and roadways proximity were the most common environmental characteristics studied...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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