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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647548/the-bioeconomy-in-poland-within-the-context-of-the-european-union
#1
REVIEW
Ewa Woźniak, Tomasz Twardowski
This article outlines the potential of the development of bioeconomy in Poland in the context of the European Union (EU). The analyses take into account the concept of bioeconomy, the overview of documents referring to the bioeconomy in the EU, including policy frameworks and agendas. Many countries including Poland emphasise the importance of bioeconomy, but have not yet developed a complex strategy. The state of bioeconomy in Poland is characterised by the sectors of agriculture, forestry and food production, as well as parts of the chemical, biotechnology and energy industries...
June 21, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645870/impact-on-environment-ecosystem-diversity-and-health-from-culturing-and-using-gmos-as-feed-and-food
#2
REVIEW
Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Victor A Tutelyan, Kirill S Golokhvast, Olga-Ioanna Kalantzi, Duck Hwa Chung, Sung Jo Kang, Michael D Coleman, Nadia Tyshko, Seung Hwan Yang, Gyuhwa Chung
Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible environmental, ecological, and health risks. Scientific-and-political debates can even influence legislation and prospective risk assessment procedure. Currently, the scientifically-assessed direct hazardous impacts of GM food and feed on fauna and flora are conflicting; indeed, a review of literature available data provides some evidence of GM environmental and health risks...
June 20, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644869/status-of-chemistry-lab-safety-in-nepal
#3
Krishna Prasad Kandel, Bhanu Bhakta Neupane, Basant Giri
Chemistry labs can become a dangerous environment for students as the lab exercises involve hazardous chemicals, glassware, and equipment. Approximately one hundred thousand students take chemistry laboratory classes annually in Nepal. We conducted a survey on chemical lab safety issues across Nepal. In this paper, we assess the safety policy and equipment, protocols and procedures followed, and waste disposal in chemistry teaching labs. Significant population of the respondents believed that there is no monitoring of the lab safety in their lab (p<0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636665/monitoring-obesity-prevalence-in-the-united-states-through-bookmarking-activities-in-online-food-portals
#4
Christoph Trattner, Denis Parra, David Elsweiler
Studying the impact of food consumption on people's health is a serious matter for its implications on public policy, but it has traditionally been a slow process since it requires information gathered through expensive collection processes such as surveys, census and systematic reviews of research articles. We argue that this process could be supported and hastened using data collected via online social networks. In this work we investigate the relationships between the online traces left behind by users of a large US online food community and the prevalence of obesity in 47 states and 311 counties in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636462/are-commercial-complementary-food-distributions-to-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe-conforming-to-international-policies-and-guidelines-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies
#5
Melissa Ann Theurich, Veit Grote
In 2015, more than one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe. Commercial complementary foods, processed foods marketed for infants and young children 6-23 months of age, were distributed by various humanitarian actors along migrant routes and in European refugee camps. Unsolicited donations and distributions of commercial complementary food products were problematic and divergent from international policies on infant and young child feeding during humanitarian emergencies. Interim guidance regarding commercial complementary foods was published during the peak of the emergency but implemented differently by various humanitarian actors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636338/contributions-of-local-farming-to-urban-sustainability-in-the-northeast-united-states
#6
Benjamin P Goldstein, Michael Z Hauschild, John E Fernández, Morten Birkved
Food consumption is an important contributor to a city's environmental impacts (carbon emissions, land occupation, water use, etc.) Urban farming (UF) has been advocated as a means to increase urban sustainability by reducing food-related transport and tapping into local resources. Taking Boston as an illustrative Northeast U.S. city, we developed a novel method to estimate sub-urban, food-borne carbon and land footprints using multiregion-input-output modeling and nutritional surveys. Computer simulations utilizing primary data explored UF's ability to reduce these footprints using select farming technologies, building on previous city-scale UF assessments which have hitherto been dependent on proxy data for UF...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#7
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633456/feeding-during-dialysis-risks-and-uncertainties
#8
Rajiv Agarwal, Panagiotis Georgianos
Allowing dialysis patients to eat during the treatment is controversial. It is, therefore, no surprise that practices and policies with respect to intradialytic food consumption vary considerably from unit to unit and from country to country. Those who defend the position of feeding during dialysis reason that intradialytic meals offer a supervised and effective therapy for protein-energy wasting. Those who take the opposite view argue that intradialytic food intake should be avoided for the following three reasons...
June 19, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630807/an-overview-of-food-patterns-and-diet-quality-in-qatar-findings-from-the-national-household-income-expenditure-survey
#9
Mohammed Al-Thani, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Nasser Al-Mahdi, Hefzi Al-Kareem, Darine Barakat, Walaa Al-Chetachi, Afaf Tawfik, Hammad Akram
INTRODUCTION: Availability of accurate data pertaining to a population's dietary patterns and associated health outcomes is critical for proper development and implementation of related policies. This article is a first attempt to share the food patterns, amounts and diet quality among households (HH) in Qatar. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 Qatar National Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) was used. This cross-sectional survey included 3723 HH (1826 Qatari HH and 1897 non-Qatari HH)...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#10
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629146/emerging-disparities-in-dietary-sodium-intake-from-snacking-in-the-us-population
#11
Elizabeth K Dunford, Jennifer M Poti, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: The US population consumes dietary sodium well in excess of recommended levels. It is unknown how the contribution of snack foods to sodium intake has changed over time, and whether disparities exist within specific subgroups of the US population. OBJECTIVE: To examine short and long term trends in the contribution of snack food sources to dietary sodium intake for US adults and children over a 37-year period from 1977 to 2014. METHODS: We used data collected from eight nationally representative surveys of food intake in 50,052 US children aged 2-18 years, and 73,179 adults aged 19+ years between 1977 and 2014...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626807/the-association-between-western-and-prudent-dietary-patterns-and-fasting-blood-glucose-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-and-normal-glucose-metabolism-in-older-australian-adults
#12
Erin I Walsh, Felice N Jacka, Peter Butterworth, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin
High blood glucose and type 2 diabetes are associated with a range of adverse health and cognitive outcomes. One factor that contributes to high blood glucose and type 2 diabetes is dietary intake. This study investigated the relationship between dietary patterns, fasting blood glucose and diabetes status in a sample of 209 participants aged 60-65. Blood plasma glucose was measured from venous blood samples. Individual Prudent and Western dietary patterns were estimated from a self-completed food frequency questionnaire...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626249/knowledge-of-free-delivery-policy-among-women-who-delivered-at-health-facilities-in-oudomxay-province-lao-pdr
#13
Tengbriacheu Chankham, Eiko Yamamoto, Joshua A Reyer, Rahman Arafat, Innoukham Khonemany, Sayamoungkhoun Panome, Dalavong Hongkham, Phommalaysith Bounfeng, Xeuthvongsa Anonh, Nobuyuki Hamajima
To promote the utilization of maternal health services and reduce financial barriers, the Laos government introduced its "Free Maternal Health Services Policy" in 2012. This policy provides free maternal health services for pregnant women, which includes costs related to treatment, transportation, food fees, referral and an incentive for four antenatal care appointments. This study aims to ascertain the knowledge level regarding this policy among Lao women and determine their level of satisfaction with the maternal service provision...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625855/children-s-purchase-behavior-in-the-snack-market-can-branding-or-lower-prices-motivate-healthier-choices
#14
Monika Hartmann, Sean B Cash, Ching-Hua Yeh, Stefanie C Landwehr, Anna R McAlister
BACKGROUND: Children's dietary-related diseases and their associated costs have expanded dramatically in many countries, making children's food choice a policy issue of increasing relevance. As children spend a considerable amount of money on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) products, a better understanding of the main drivers of children's independent food purchase decisions is crucial to move this behavior toward healthier options. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to investigate the role of branding and price in motivating children to choose healthier snack options...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623747/results-of-a-national-survey-of-high-frequency-fish-consumers-in-the-united-states
#15
Katherine von Stackelberg, Miling Li, Elsie Sunderland
Exposure to contaminants in fish may be associated with adverse health outcomes even as fish consumption is generally considered beneficial. Risk assessments conducted to support regulatory analyses rely on quantitative fish consumption estimates. Here we report the results of a national survey of high-frequency fish consumers (n = 2099) based on a survey population statistically representative of ~17.6 million U.S. individuals consuming three or more fish meals per week. The survey was conducted during 2013 using an on-line survey instrument...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#16
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621808/primary-care-interventions-to-reduce-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-food-for-thought-for-oral-health-professionals
#17
Diane Dooley, Nicolette M Moultrie, Elsbeth Sites, Patricia B Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity remains a significant threat to America's children. Health care leaders have increasingly called upon oral health professionals to integrate healthy weight promotion and enhanced sugar-sweetened beverage counseling into their professional practices. The aim of this scoping review is to examine recent evidence regarding the effectiveness of primary care childhood obesity interventions that have potential for adoption by oral health professionals. METHODS: Medine, and PubMed were searched from 2010 to 2016 for review articles and studies reporting patient outcomes or policy outcomes relevant to primary care childhood obesity interventions for children ages 2-11 years...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621651/the-economic-benefits-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-canada
#18
Hans Krueger, Jacqueline Koot, Ellie Andres
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of the population that meets or exceeds Canada's Food Guide (CFG) recommendations regarding the number of daily servings of fruits and vegetables (F/V), to assess trends in this proportion between 2000 and 2013, to estimate the annual economic burden attributable to inadequate F/V consumption within the context of other important risk factors, and to estimate the short- and long-term costs that could be avoided if modest improvements were made to F/V consumption in Canada...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621649/a-natural-experimental-study-of-the-protective-effect-of-home-ownership-on-household-food-insecurity-in-canada-before-and-after-a-recession-2008-2009
#19
Lynn McIntyre, Xiuyun Wu, Cynthia Kwok, J C Herbert Emery
OBJECTIVES: Home ownership as opposed to renting is associated with lower rates of food insecurity, the latter being a marker of household economic deprivation associated with adverse health outcomes. It is unclear whether this relationship persists during a major economic decline, or whether different subgroups of home owners are equally protected. The 2008-2009 recession in Canada was tied to events in the United States related to inappropriate mortgage financing; the impact of the recession on food insecurity among home owners may identify policies to mitigate recessionary outcomes...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621648/high-vulnerability-to-household-food-insecurity-in-a-sample-of-canadian-renter-households-in-government-subsidized-housing
#20
Andrée-Anne Fafard St-Germain, Valerie Tarasuk
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and severity of household food insecurity and examine household material circumstances related to food insecurity in a sample of renter households in government-subsidized housing. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2010 Survey of Household Spending were used to determine the food insecurity status of 455 renter households living in the 10 provinces and receiving a government housing subsidy. Multivariable logistic regressions were conducted to examine the relationship between household characteristics describing material circumstances and food insecurity...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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