keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Food policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433403/-public-health-competencies-and-contents-in-spanish-university-degree-programmes-of-veterinary-medicine
#1
María Del Carmen Davó-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Belén Huerta
OBJECTIVE: To reach a consensus among public health faculty from various Spanish universities about the core public health competencies that should be integrated into the Veterinary Medicine degree training. METHODS: The 3rd Forum of University Professors of Public Health was held at the School of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Cordoba (12-13 January 2016). Forty-two university professors and lecturers from nine Spanish universities with veterinary degrees participated in the forum...
April 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432051/impact-of-study-outcome-on-submission-and-acceptance-metrics-for-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-six-year-retrospective-review-of-all-completed-glaxosmithkline-human-drug-research-studies
#2
Gary Evoniuk, Bernadette Mansi, Barbara DeCastro, Jennie Sykes
Objectives To determine whether the outcome of drug studies influenced submission and/or acceptance rates for publication in peer reviewed medical journals.Design A six year retrospective review of publication status by study outcome for all human drug research studies conducted by a single industry sponsor (GlaxoSmithKline) that completed from 1 January 2009 to 30 June 2014 and were therefore due for manuscript submission (per the sponsor's policy) to peer reviewed journals within 18 months of study completion-that is, 31 December 2015...
April 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#3
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430118/testing-the-capacity-of-a-multi-nutrient-profiling-system-to-guide-food-and-beverage-reformulation-results-from-five-national-food-composition-databases
#4
Emilie Combet, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Famke Mölenberg, Mathilde Gressier, Lisa Privet, Craig Wratten, Sahar Sharif, Florent Vieux, Undine Lehmann, Gabriel Masset
Nutrient profiling ranks foods based on their nutrient composition, with applications in multiple aspects of food policy. We tested the capacity of a category-specific model developed for product reformulation to improve the average nutrient content of foods, using five national food composition datasets (UK, US, China, Brazil, France). Products (n = 7183) were split into 35 categories based on the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling Systems (NNPS) and were then classified as NNPS 'Pass' if all nutrient targets were met (energy (E), total fat (TF), saturated fat (SFA), sodium (Na), added sugars (AS), protein, calcium)...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429916/opportunities-and-barriers-to-public-health-nutrition-education-in-vietnamese-universities
#5
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley, Mark Lawrence, Bernie Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A core challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in combating the negative effects of the nutrition transition is to implement appropriate prevention strategies to halt the increasing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), against a background of prevailing under nutrition. There have been several proposals for the enhancement of university nutrition education for future health and related professionals who are expected to communicate knowledge of health risks to the broad community...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429645/homestead-food-production-and-maternal-and-child-dietary-diversity-in-nepal-variations-in-association-by-season-and-agroecological-zone
#6
Bishnu Dulal, Gary Mundy, Rojee Sawal, Pooja Pandey Rana, Kenda Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Suaahara, a large-scale integrated program, aimed to improve diets and nutritional status among women and children, in part by facilitating enhanced homestead food production (EHFP). OBJECTIVE: This study examines associations between EHFP and maternal and child dietary diversity and variations by season and agroecological zone (AEZ): mountains and terai. METHODS: We used data from household monitoring surveys (n = 2101 mothers; n = 994 children, 6-23 months), which included a 7-day dietary recall and maternal report on participation in 5 EHFP activities-received vegetable seeds, chicks, and technical support and participated in training and EHFP groups...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429300/agroecology-and-health-lessons-from-indigenous-populations
#7
REVIEW
José Suárez-Torres, José Ricardo Suárez-López, Dolores López-Paredes, Hilario Morocho, Luis Enrique Cachiguango-Cachiguango, William Dellai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article aims to systematize and disseminate the main contributions of indigenous ancestral wisdom in the agroecological production of food, especially in Latin America. For this purpose, it is necessary to ask whether such knowledge can be accepted by academia research groups and international forums as a valid alternative that could contribute to overcome the world's nutritional problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Although no new findings are being made, the validity of ancestral knowledge and agroecology is recognized by scientific research, and by international forums organized by agencies of the United Nations...
April 20, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428151/impact-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-and-label-design-on-children-s-choice-of-two-snack-foods-comparison-of-warnings-and-the-traffic-light-system
#8
Alejandra Arrúa, María Rosa Curutchet, Natalia Rey, Patricia Barreto, Nadya Golovchenko, Andrea Sellanes, Guillermo Velazco, Medy Winokur, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
Research on the relative influence of package features on children's perception of food products is still necessary to aid policy design and development. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relative influence of two front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling schemes, the traffic light system and Chilean warning system, and label design on children's choice of two popular snack foods in Uruguay, wafer cookies and orange juice. A total of 442 children in grades 4 to 6 from 12 primary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427843/relative-importance-of-different-exposure-routes-of-heavy-metals-for-humans-living-near-a-municipal-solid-waste-incinerator
#9
Tong Li, Yi Wan, Yujie Ben, Senrong Fan, Jianying Hu
The potential health effects of toxic chemicals (e.g. heavy metals) emitted by municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) are of great concern to local residents, however there have been few studies on the contributions of different exposure pathways and their subsequent effects on the body burden of residents living near MSWIs. In this study, multiple exposure routes of heavy metals including Pb, Cr, Cd and Mn were assessed by investigating the metals in foods (such as vegetables, crops, meats and fruits etc...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427355/identifying-and-characterizing-hepatitis-c-virus-hotspots-in-massachusetts-a-spatial-epidemiological-approach
#10
Thomas J Stopka, Michael A Goulart, David J Meyers, Marga Hutcheson, Kerri Barton, Shauna Onofrey, Daniel Church, Ashley Donahue, Kenneth K H Chui
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have increased during the past decade but little is known about geographic clustering patterns. METHODS: We used a unique analytical approach, combining geographic information systems (GIS), spatial epidemiology, and statistical modeling to identify and characterize HCV hotspots, statistically significant clusters of census tracts with elevated HCV counts and rates. We compiled sociodemographic and HCV surveillance data (n = 99,780 cases) for Massachusetts census tracts (n = 1464) from 2002 to 2013...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#11
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#12
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425902/evidence-for-the-benefits-of-food-chain-interventions-on-e-coli-0157-h7-nm-prevalence-in-retail-ground-beef-and-human-disease-incidence-a-success-story
#13
Frank Pollari, Tanya Christidis, Katarina D M Pintar, Andrea Nesbitt, Jeff Farber, Marie-Claude Lavoie, Alex Gill, Penelope Kirsch, Roger P Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Human infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM has historically been associated with consumption of undercooked ground beef. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of the decline in E. coli O157:H7/NM infections in Canada with the introduction of control efforts in ground beef by industry. METHODS: The human incidence of E. coli O157:H7/NM, prevalence in ground beef and interventions from 1996 to 2014 were analyzed. Pathogen prevalence data were obtained from federal government and industry surveillance and inspection/compliance programs...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425898/compliance-with-school-nutrition-policies-in-ontario-and-alberta-an-assessment-of-secondary-school-vending-machine-data-from-the-compass-study
#14
Michelle M Vine, Daniel W Harrington, Alexandra Butler, Karen Patte, Katelyn Godin, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the extent to which a sample of Ontario and Alberta secondary schools are being compliant with their respective provincial nutrition policies, in terms of the food and beverages sold in vending machines. METHODS: This observational study used objective data on drinks and snacks from vending machines, collected over three years of the COMPASS study (2012/2013-2014/2015 school years). Drink (e.g., sugar-containing carbonated/non-carbonated soft drinks, sports drinks, etc...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424188/nutritional-profile-of-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-household-food-and-beverage-purchases
#15
Anna H Grummon, Lindsey Smith Taillie
Background: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which is the largest federal nutrition assistance program in the United States, serves nearly 1 of 7 Americans. To date, few studies have examined food and beverage purchase behaviors in SNAP participants with the use of electronic purchase data.Objective: In this cross-sectional study, we examined household store purchases of key food, beverage, and nutrient groups in SNAP participants and nonparticipants.Design: Using a data set of US households' (n = 98,256 household-by-quarter observations) packaged food and beverage purchases and SNAP status [current participant, income-eligible nonparticipant (income ≤130% of the Federal Poverty Level [FPL]), and higher-income nonparticipants (income >130% of the FPL)] from 3 quarters during 2012-2013, we estimated pooled ordinary least-squares models, clustered at the household level, to examine the association between SNAP status and purchases while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423928/engaging-parents-to-promote-children-s-nutrition-and-health
#16
Dipti A Dev, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent McBride, Deepa Srivastava, Ashleigh Murriel, Chrisa Arcan, Anna M Adachi-Mejia
PURPOSE: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks as a framework, this study examined childcare providers' (Head Start [HS], Child and Adult Care Food Program [CACFP] funded, and non-CACFP) perspectives regarding communicating with parents about nutrition to promote children's health. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: State-licensed center-based childcare programs. PARTICIPANTS: Full-time childcare providers (n = 18) caring for children 2 to 5 years old from varying childcare contexts (HS, CACFP funded, and non-CACFP), race, education, and years of experience...
March 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421127/using-agent-based-models-to-develop-public-policy-about-food-behaviours-future-directions-and-recommendations
#17
REVIEW
Philippe J Giabbanelli, Rik Crutzen
Most adults are overweight or obese in many western countries. Several population-level interventions on the physical, economical, political, or sociocultural environment have thus attempted to achieve a healthier weight. These interventions have involved different weight-related behaviours, such as food behaviours. Agent-based models (ABMs) have the potential to help policymakers evaluate food behaviour interventions from a systems perspective. However, fully realizing this potential involves a complex procedure starting with obtaining and analyzing data to populate the model and eventually identifying more efficient cross-sectoral policies...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420455/nutrient-profiling-for-product-reformulation-public-health-impact-and-benefits-for-the-consumer
#18
Undine Lehmann, Véronique Rheiner Charles, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Gabriel Masset, Jörg Spieldenner
The food industry holds great potential for driving consumers to adopt healthy food choices as (re)formulation of foods can improve the nutritional quality of these foods. Reformulation has been identified as a cost-effective intervention in addressing non-communicable diseases as it does not require significant alterations of consumer behaviour and dietary habits. Nutrient profiling (NP), the science of categorizing foods based on their nutrient composition, has emerged as an essential tool and is implemented through many different profiling systems to guide reformulation and other nutrition policies...
April 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419708/willingness-to-pay-for-a-maternity-waiting-home-stay-in-zambia
#19
Taryn Vian, Emily E White, Godfrey Biemba, Kaluba Mataka, Nancy Scott
INTRODUCTION: Complications of pregnancy and childbirth can pose serious risks to the health of women, especially in resource-poor settings. Zambia has been implementing a program to improve access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care, including expansion of maternity waiting homes-residential facilities located near a qualified medical facility where a pregnant woman can wait to give birth. Yet it is unclear how much support communities and women would be willing to provide to help fund the homes and increase sustainability...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#20
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
keyword
keyword
61838
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"