keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Consumer science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035219/an-embedded-real-time-processing-platform-for-optogenetic-neuroprosthetic-applications
#1
Boyuan Yan, Sheila Nirenberg
Optogenetics offers a powerful new approach for controlling neural circuits. It has numerous applications in both basic and clinical science. These applications require stimulating devices with small processors that can perform real-time neural signal processing, deliver high intensity light with high spatial and temporal resolution, and do not consume a lot of power. In this paper, we demonstrate the implementation of neuronal models in a platform consisting of an embedded system module and a portable DLP projector...
October 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034240/dark-chocolate-opportunity-for-an-alliance-between-medical-science-and-the-food-industry
#2
Ivan M Petyaev, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Dark chocolate (DC) was originally introduced in human nutrition as a medicinal product consumable in a liquid form. Century-long efforts of food industry transformed this hardly appealing product into a valuable modern culinary delight with clear predominance of confectionery brands of DC on the market. However, current epidemiological data as well as multiple experimental and clinical observations reveal that DC consumption may have a profound effect on cardiovascular, central nervous systems, hemostasis, and lipid metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033994/effect-of-dates-in-late-pregnancy-on-the-duration-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women
#3
Masoumeh Kordi, Fatemeh Aghaei Meybodi, Fatemeh Tara, Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Mohsen Nemati, Mohammadtaghi Shakeri
BACKGROUND: Long-term delivery is an important significant issue which is associated with mortality and fetal and maternal disorders. Based on the previous studies, consumption of dates affects uterine contractions and duration of delivery processes. This study aimed to study the effect of date consumption in late pregnancy on the duration of delivery processes in nulliparous women in 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted among 182 nulliparous women 18-35 years who presented to OmAlBanin Hospital in Mashhad in 2013...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033988/comparing-the-effect-of-auriculotherapy-and-vitamin-b6-on-the-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome-among-the-students-who-lived-in-the-dorm-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#4
Sharareh Koleini, Mahboubeh Valiani
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a series of physical and psychological symptoms before menstruation which its prevalence around the world has been reported to be 80%. Consumption of vitamin B6 is a common treatment for this syndrome, and this study was conducted to compare the effect of auriculotherapy and vitamin B6 on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial. Eighty-four female students who lived at the university dorm were randomly selected and allocated into two groups of 42...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028269/acceptance-and-adoption-of-biofortified-crops-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
Elise F Talsma, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Inge D Brouwer
Biofortification of staple crops is a promising strategy for increasing the nutrient density of diets in order to improve human health. The willingness of consumers and producers to accept new crop varieties will determine whether biofortification can be successfully implemented. This review assessed sensory acceptance and adoption of biofortified crops and the determining factors for acceptance and adoption among consumers and producers in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched for published reports...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023703/use-of-multi-intake-temporal-dominance-of-sensations-tds-to-evaluate-the-influence-of-wine-on-cheese-perception
#6
Mara V Galmarini, Anne-Laure Loiseau, Doëtte Debreyer, Michel Visalli, Pascal Schlich
Even if wine and cheese have long been consumed together, there is little sensory evidence on how wine can influence the perception of cheese. In this work 4 cheeses were dynamically characterized in terms of dominant sensations without and with wine consumption in between intakes. The tasting protocol was based on multi-intake temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) coupled with hedonic rating. Frequent wine and cheese consumers (n = 31) evaluated 4 cheeses (Epoisses, Chaource, and 2 different Comté) over 3 consecutive bites...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021551/the-utility-of-bioenergetics-modelling-in-quantifying-predation-rates-of-marine-apex-predators-ecological-and-fisheries-implications
#7
A Barnett, M Braccini, C L Dudgeon, N L Payne, K G Abrantes, M Sheaves, E P Snelling
Predators play a crucial role in the structure and function of ecosystems. However, the magnitude of this role is often unclear, particularly for large marine predators, as predation rates are difficult to measure directly. If relevant biotic and abiotic parameters can be obtained, then bioenergetics modelling offers an alternative approach to estimating predation rates, and can provide new insights into ecological processes. We integrate demographic and ecological data for a marine apex predator, the broadnose sevengill shark Notorynchus cepedianus, with energetics data from the literature, to construct a bioenergetics model to quantify predation rates on key fisheries species in Norfolk Bay, Australia...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016274/mind-the-hype-a-critical-evaluation-and-prescriptive-agenda-for-research-on-mindfulness-and-meditation
#8
Nicholas T Van Dam, Marieke K van Vugt, David R Vago, Laura Schmalzl, Clifford D Saron, Andrew Olendzki, Ted Meissner, Sara W Lazar, Catherine E Kerr, Jolie Gorchov, Kieran C R Fox, Brent A Field, Willoughby B Britton, Julie A Brefczynski-Lewis, David E Meyer
During the past two decades, mindfulness meditation has gone from being a fringe topic of scientific investigation to being an occasional replacement for psychotherapy, tool of corporate well-being, widely implemented educational practice, and "key to building more resilient soldiers." Yet the mindfulness movement and empirical evidence supporting it have not gone without criticism. Misinformation and poor methodology associated with past studies of mindfulness may lead public consumers to be harmed, misled, and disappointed...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981269/estimating-electron-density-support-for-individual-atoms-and-molecular-fragments-in-x-ray-structures
#9
Agnes Meyder, Eva Nittinger, Gudrun Lange, Robert Klein, Matthias Rarey
Macromolecular structures resolved by X-ray crystallography are essential for life science research. While some methods exist to automatically quantify the quality of the electron density fit, none of them is without flaws. Especially the question of how well individual parts like atoms, small fragments, or molecules are supported by electron density is difficult to quantify. While taking experimental uncertainties correctly into account, they do not offer an answer on how reliable an individual atom position is...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979933/introducing-stable-radicals-into-molecular-machines
#10
REVIEW
Yuping Wang, Marco Frasconi, J Fraser Stoddart
Ever since their discovery, stable organic radicals have received considerable attention from chemists because of their unique optical, electronic, and magnetic properties. Currently, one of the most appealing challenges for the chemical community is to develop sophisticated artificial molecular machines that can do work by consuming external energy, after the manner of motor proteins. In this context, radical-pairing interactions are important in addressing the challenge: they not only provide supramolecular assistance in the synthesis of molecular machines but also open the door to developing multifunctional systems relying on the various properties of the radical species...
September 27, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979349/seroprevalence-of-human-fasciolosis-in-lorestan-province-western-iran-in-2015-16
#11
Peyman Heydarian, Keyhan Ashrafi, Mehdi Mohebali, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Mojgan Aryaeipour, Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Hamid Mokhayeri, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Mohammad Bagher Rokni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the seroepidemiological survey for detecting the status of human fasciolosis in Lorestan Province, western Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015-16. Based on statistical estimations, 1256 serum samples were collected from different parts of Lorestan Province, western Iran, and stored at -20 °C until use. The collected serum samples were analyzed at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran using indirect ELISA method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974481/lack-of-adoption-of-a-mobile-app-to-support-patient-self-management-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center-interview-analysis-of-staff-and-patients-in-a-failed-randomized-trial
#12
Kathleen Thies, Daren Anderson, Benjamin Cramer
BACKGROUND: Thousands of mobile health (mHealth) apps have been developed to support patients' management of their health, but the effectiveness of many of the apps remains unclear. While mHealth apps appear to hold promise for improving the self-management of chronic conditions across populations, failure to balance the system demands of the app with the needs, interests, or resources of the end users can undermine consumers' adoption of these technologies. OBJECTIVE: The original aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a commercial mHealth app in improving clinical outcomes for adult patients in a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) with uncontrolled diabetes and/or hypertension...
October 3, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969593/biocarian-search-engine-for-exploratory-searches-in-heterogeneous-biological-databases
#13
Nazar Zaki, Chandana Tennakoon
BACKGROUND: There are a large number of biological databases publicly available for scientists in the web. Also, there are many private databases generated in the course of research projects. These databases are in a wide variety of formats. Web standards have evolved in the recent times and semantic web technologies are now available to interconnect diverse and heterogeneous sources of data. Therefore, integration and querying of biological databases can be facilitated by techniques used in semantic web...
October 2, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967343/are-large-dinners-associated-with-excess-weight-and-does-eating-a-smaller-dinner-achieve-greater-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mackenzie Fong, Ian D Caterson, Claire D Madigan
There are suggestions that large evening meals are associated with greater BMI. This study reviewed systematically the association between evening energy intake and weight in adults and aimed to determine whether reducing evening intake achieves weight loss. Databases searched were MEDLINE, PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane Library of Clinical Trials, EMBASE and SCOPUS. Eligible observational studies investigated the relationship between BMI and evening energy intake. Eligible intervention trials compared weight change between groups where the proportion of evening intake was manipulated...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962637/knowledge-translation-tools-for-parents-on-child-health-topics-a-scoping-review
#15
Lauren Albrecht, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: An emerging field of knowledge translation (KT) research has begun to focus on health consumers, particularly in child health. KT tools provide health consumers with research knowledge to inform health decision-making and may foster 'effective consumers'. Thus, the purpose of this scoping review was to describe the state of the field of previously published effectiveness research on child health-related KT tools for parents/caregivers to understand the evidence-base, identify gaps, and guide future research efforts...
September 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955314/nanotechnology-an-untapped-resource-for-food-packaging
#16
REVIEW
Chetan Sharma, Romika Dhiman, Namita Rokana, Harsh Panwar
Food commodities are packaged and hygienically transported to protect and preserve them from any un-acceptable alteration in quality, before reaching the end-consumer. Food packaging continues to evolve along-with the innovations in material science and technology, as well as in light of consumer's demand. Presently, the modern consumers of competitive economies demands for food with natural quality, assured safety, minimal processing, extended shelf-life and ready-to-eat concept. Innovative packaging systems, not only ascertains transit preservation and effective distribution, but also facilitates communication at the consumer levels...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950802/we-get-the-algorithms-of-our-ground-truths-designing-referential-databases-in-digital-image-processing
#17
Florian Jaton
This article documents the practical efforts of a group of scientists designing an image-processing algorithm for saliency detection. By following the actors of this computer science project, the article shows that the problems often considered to be the starting points of computational models are in fact provisional results of time-consuming, collective and highly material processes that engage habits, desires, skills and values. In the project being studied, problematization processes lead to the constitution of referential databases called 'ground truths' that enable both the effective shaping of algorithms and the evaluation of their performances...
September 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945656/use-of-electrically-evoked-compound-action-potentials-for-cochlear-implant-fitting-a-systematic-review
#18
Johan J de Vos, Jan Dirk Biesheuvel, Jeroen J Briaire, Pieter S Boot, Margriet J van Gendt, Olaf M Dekkers, Marta Fiocco, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVES: The electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) is widely used in the clinic as an objective measure to assess cochlear implant functionality. During the past decade, there has been increasing interest in applying eCAPs for fitting of cochlear implants. Several studies have shown that eCAP-based fitting can potentially replace time-consuming behavioral fitting procedures, especially in young children. However, a closer look to all available literature revealed that there is no clear consensus on the validity of this fitting procedure...
September 22, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944288/the-wisdom-study-breaking-the-deadlock-in-the-breast-cancer-screening-debate
#19
REVIEW
Laura J Esserman
There are few medical issues that have generated as much controversy as screening for breast cancer. In science, controversy often stimulates innovation; however, the intensely divisive debate over mammographic screening has had the opposite effect and has stifled progress. The same two questions-whether it is better to screen annually or bi-annually, and whether women are best served by beginning screening at 40 or some later age-have been debated for 20 years, based on data generated three to four decades ago...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936651/in-vivo-ploidy-determination-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-male-and-female-gametophytes
#20
Burcu Nur Keçeli, Nico De Storme, Danny Geelen
Organ- or tissue-specific ploidy level determination is often used for answering biological, molecular, genetic, or evolutionary questions in plant sciences. However, current techniques for ploidy determination either cannot provide information on single cell level, require destructive sample preparation, or are laborious and time-consuming. Here, we present a new approach developed in Arabidopsis thaliana, which is not only less labor intensive but also allows in vivo ploidy determination on single cell level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
61837
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"