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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599014/effect-of-the-alexander-technique-on-muscle-activation-movement-kinematics-and-performance-quality-in-collegiate-violinists-and-violists-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#1
Rachelle C Wolf, Harvey P Thurmer, William P Berg, Henry E Cook, L James Smart
Musicians are trained to attend to aural and visual senses, to the detriment of kinesthetic awareness, which often results in unnecessary muscle tension and narrowed attentional focus. The Alexander technique (AT) addresses these concerns by approaching action using a process of whole-body consciousness. Incorporation of AT concepts into skill practice may reduce static tension in playing and result in both prevention of injury and improved quality of performance, but objective evidence of these effects is lacking...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578900/family-home-food-environment-and-nutrition-related-parent-and-child-personal-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-the-healthy-home-offerings-via-the-mealtime-environment-home-plus-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jayne A Fulkerson, Sarah Friend, Melissa Horning, Colleen Flattum, Michelle Draxten, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Olga Gurvich, Ann Garwick, Mary Story, Martha Y Kubik
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a significant positive association between frequent family meals and children's dietary intake; however, the promotion of healthful family meals has not been rigorously tested for key food environment and nutrition-related behavioral outcomes in a randomized trial. OBJECTIVE: To describe family home food environment and nutrition-related parent and child personal and behavioral outcomes of the Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment Plus program, the first rigorously tested family meals intervention targeting childhood obesity prevention...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575774/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-manual-based-psychosocial-group-intervention-for-young-people-with-epilepsy-pie
#3
Liam Dorris, Helen Broome, Margaret Wilson, Cathy Grant, David Young, Gus Baker, Selina Balloo, Susan Bruce, Jo Campbell, Bernie Concannon, Nadia Conway, Lisa Cook, Cheryl Davis, Bruce Downey, Jon Evans, Diane Flower, Jack Garlovsky, Shauna Kearney, Susan Lewis, Victoria Stephens, Stuart Turton, Ingram Wright
We conducted an exploratory RCT to examine feasibility and preliminary efficacy for a manual-based psychosocial group intervention aimed at improving epilepsy knowledge, self-management skills, and quality of life in young people with epilepsy. METHOD: Eighty-three participants (33:50m/f; age range 12-17years) were randomized to either the treatment or control group in seven tertiary paediatric neuroscience centres in the UK, using a wait-list control design. Participants were excluded if they reported suicidal ideation and/or scored above the cut off on mental health screening measures, or if they had a learning disability or other neurological disorder...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574442/electrophysiological-indices-of-audiovisual-speech-perception-in-the-broader-autism-phenotype
#4
Julia Irwin, Trey Avery, Jacqueline Turcios, Lawrence Brancazio, Barbara Cook, Nicole Landi
When a speaker talks, the consequences of this can both be heard (audio) and seen (visual). A novel visual phonemic restoration task was used to assess behavioral discrimination and neural signatures (event-related potentials, or ERP) of audiovisual processing in typically developing children with a range of social and communicative skills assessed using the social responsiveness scale, a measure of traits associated with autism. An auditory oddball design presented two types of stimuli to the listener, a clear exemplar of an auditory consonant-vowel syllable /ba/ (the more frequently occurring standard stimulus), and a syllable in which the auditory cues for the consonant were substantially weakened, creating a stimulus which is more like /a/ (the infrequently presented deviant stimulus)...
June 2, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557950/are-female-applicants-rated-higher-than-males-on-the-multiple-mini-interview-findings-from-the-university-of-calgary
#5
Marshall Ross, Ian Walker, Lara Cooke, Maitreyi Raman, Pietro Ravani, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin
PURPOSE: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) improves reliability and validity of medical school interviews, and many schools have introduced this in an attempt to select individuals more skilled in communication, critical thinking, and ethical decision making. But every change in the admissions process may produce unintended consequences, such as changing intake demographics. In this article, two studies exploring gender differences in MMI ratings are reported. METHOD: Cumulative meta-analysis was used to compare MMI ratings for female and male applicants to the University of Calgary Cumming School of Medicine between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557933/transforming-medical-assessment-integrating-uncertainty-into-the-evaluation-of-clinical-reasoning-in-medical-education
#6
Suzette Cooke, Jean-Francois Lemay
In an age where practicing physicians have access to an overwhelming volume of clinical information and are faced with increasingly complex medical decisions, the ability to execute sound clinical reasoning is essential to optimal patient care. The authors propose two concepts that are philosophically paramount to the future assessment of clinical reasoning in medicine: assessment in the context of "uncertainty" (when, despite all of the information that is available, there is still significant doubt as to the best diagnosis, investigation, or treatment), and acknowledging that it is entirely possible (and reasonable) to have more than "one correct answer...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties (Br Herne 1995;97:12). However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age (Appl Physiol Nutr Keller 2007;32:991) and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539084/creating-safer-health-systems-lessons-from-other-sectors-and-an-account-of-an-application-in-the-safer-clinical-systems-programme
#8
Peter Spurgeon, Hugh Flanagan, Matthew Cooke, Mark Sujan, Stephen Cross, Rose Jarvis
Despite well meaning initiatives over decades, the percentage of inpatients suffering adverse events remains constant in most advanced health systems. The notion of incident reporting as used in other safety critical industries has proved far less effective in healthcare. This article describes a new patient safety paradigm in the search for improved patient safety in healthcare. Underpinned by a holistic use of human factors the Safer Clinical Systems programme involves a proactive, risk-based approach seeking to eliminate or control risk before it is converted to patient harm...
May 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535769/association-between-home-food-preparation-skills-and-behaviour-and-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-2008-2009
#9
Matthew Chak Leung Lam, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: 'Ultra-processed foods' (UPF) have been industrially processed and tend to be higher in saturated fat, sodium and sugar than other foods. There is some evidence that consumption of UPF is associated with overweight, obesity and related diseases. In developed countries more than half of dietary energy is attributed to UPF. One reason for reliance on UPF may be poor home food preparation skills or infrequent use of these. This relationship has been previously proposed but not tested...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526477/increasing-intention-to-cook-from-basic-ingredients-a-randomised-controlled-study
#10
Fiona Lavelle, Lynsey Hollywood, Martin Caraher, Laura McGowan, Michelle Spence, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
The promotion of home cooking is a strategy used to improve diet quality and health. However, modern home cooking typically includes the use of processed food which can lead to negative outcomes including weight gain. In addition, interventions to improve cooking skills do not always explain how theory informed their design and implementation. The Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) taxonomy successfully employed in other areas has identified essential elements for interventions. This study investigated the effectiveness of different instructional modes for learning to cook a meal, designed using an accumulating number of BCTs, on participant's perceived difficulty, enjoyment, confidence and intention to cook from basic ingredients...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509402/a-combined-hands-on-teaching-program-and-clinical-pathway-focused-on-pleural-ultrasound-and-procedure-supervision-transforms-pleural-procedure-outcomes
#11
Timothy Edwards, Alistair Cook, Matthew Salamonsen, Farzad Bashirzadeh, David Fielding
INTRODUCTION: Management of pleural effusions is a common diagnostic and management problem. We reviewed the outcomes from pleural procedures after the instigation of pleural effusion management guidelines focusing on pleural ultrasound and a hands-on teaching program followed with procedure supervision that enabled many operators to perform such procedures. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all procedures performed for pleural effusions on medical patients. Outcomes were assessed prior to the instigation of pleural effusion management guidelines (pleural pathway) and hands-on teaching (January 2010 to June 2011) and following these interventions (January 2012 to June 2013)...
May 16, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506241/socio-demographic-determinants-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-in-migrant-workers-of-peninsular-malaysia
#12
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
BACKGROUND: The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499931/empowered-to-cook-the-crucial-role-of-food-agency-in-making-meals
#13
Amy B Trubek, Maria Carabello, Caitlin Morgan, Jacob Lahne
What makes an individual, on any given occasion, able and willing to prepare a meal for themselves: that is, to cook? As home cooking has increasingly become the focus of public-health, nutrition, and policy interventions and campaigns, the need for a better understanding has become apparent. It is clear that cooking is not merely a matter of mechanical skill or rote training; beyond this, it is difficult to explain why similar individuals have such different capacities for setting and achieving food-related goals...
May 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480225/diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-strategies-for-college-students
#14
Yannica Theda S Martinez, Brook E Harmon, Claudio R Nigg, Erin O Bantum, Shaila Strayhorn
OBJECTIVES: To understand perceived barriers of a diverse sample of college students and their suggestions for interventions aimed at healthy eating, cooking, and physical activity. METHODS: Forty students (33% Asian American, 30% mixed ethnicity) were recruited. Six focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and coded. Coding began with a priori codes, but allowed for additional codes to emerge. Analysis of questionnaires on participants' dietary and physical activity practices and behaviors provided context for qualitative findings...
July 2016: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461761/managing-the-pediatric-patient-with-refractory-asthma-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#15
REVIEW
James Cook, Fran Beresford, Valentina Fainardi, Pippa Hall, Georgie Housley, Angela Jamalzadeh, Michelle Nightingale, David Winch, Andrew Bush, Louise Fleming, Sejal Saglani
Children with asthma that is refractory to high levels of prescribed treatment are described as having problematic severe asthma. Those in whom persistent symptoms result from a failure of basic asthma management are described as having "difficult asthma", while those who remain symptomatic despite these factors having been addressed are described as having "severe therapy-resistant asthma" (STRA). The majority of children have difficult asthma; asthma that is poorly controlled because of a failure to get the basics of asthma management right...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459273/changes-in-behavior-and-salivary-cortisol-after-targeted-cognitive-training-in-typical-12-month-old-infants
#16
Sam V Wass, Clare Cook, Kaili Clackson
Previous research has suggested that early development may be an optimal period to implement cognitive training interventions, particularly those relating to attention control, a basic ability that is essential for the development of other cognitive skills. In the present study, we administered gaze-contingent training (95 min across 2 weeks) targeted at voluntary attention control to a cohort of typical 12-month-old children (N = 24) and sham training to a control group (N = 24). We assessed training effects on (a) tasks involving nontrained aspects of attention control: visual sustained attention, habituation speed, visual recognition memory, sequence learning, and reversal learning; (b) general attentiveness (on-task behaviors during testing); and (c) salivary cortisol levels...
May 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454068/biochar-based-water-treatment-systems-as-a-potential-low-cost-and-sustainable-technology-for-clean-water-provision
#17
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura, Chicgoua Noubactep, Fungai N D Mukome
Approximately 600 million people lack access to safe drinking water, hence achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030) calls for rapid translation of recent research into practical and frugal solutions within the remaining 13 years. Biochars, with excellent capacity to remove several contaminants from aqueous solutions, constitute an untapped technology for drinking water treatment. Biochar water treatment has several potential merits compared to existing low-cost methods (i...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#18
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406100/medication-calculation-and-administration-workshop-and-hurdle-assessment-increases-student-awareness-towards-the-importance-of-safe-practices-to-decrease-medication-errors-in-the-future
#19
Darlene Wallace, Torres Woolley, David Martin, Roy Rasalam, Maria Bellei
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are the second most frequently reported hospital incident in Australia and are a global concern. A "Medication Calculation and Administration" workshop followed by a "hurdle" assessment (compulsory task mandating a minimum level of performance as a condition of passing the course) was introduced into Year 2 of the James Cook University medical curriculum to decrease dosage calculation and administration errors among graduates. This study evaluates the effectiveness of this educational activity as a long-term strategy to teach medical students' essential skills in calculating and administering medications...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403414/a-national-survey-of-videolaryngoscopy-in-the-united-kingdom
#20
T M Cook, F E Kelly
Background.: There are increasing numbers of videolaryngoscopes marketed and increasing interest in the technology. The Difficult Airway Society's 2015 guidelines recommend that videolaryngoscopes should be immediately available at all times and that all anaesthetists should be trained and skilled in their use. Methods.: An electronic survey was sent to all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine availability, use, and attitudes to videolaryngoscopy, and closed in January 2014...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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