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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792492/evaluation-of-second-step-on-early-elementary-students-academic-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Clayton R Cook, Sabina Low, Joanne Buntain-Ricklefs, Kelly Whitaker, Michael D Pullmann, Jaclyn Lally
Research has consistently linked social-emotional learning to important educational and life outcomes. Early elementary represents an opportune developmental period to proactively support children to acquire social-emotional skills that enable academic success. Using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the 4th edition of Second Step on early elementary students' academic-related outcomes. Participants were Kindergarten to 2nd grade students in 61 schools (310 teachers; 7,419 students) across six school districts in Washington State and Arizona...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753052/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-influence-of-perceived-food-environment-and-self-efficacy
#2
Mariana Carvalho Menezes, Ana Victoria Diez Roux, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
OBJECTIVE: Identify the effects of food environment and self-efficacy perceptions on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a representative sample population from a public health service in a Brazilian city. Participants (3414) aged ≥20 years were recruited from 18 Health Academy Program centres via stratified cluster sampling. Perceptions of the food environment were measured by survey; participants indicated how confident they were about FV availability in their food environment...
May 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752850/role-modelling-and-the-hidden-curriculum-new-graduate-nurses-professional-socialisation
#3
Kiri Hunter, Catherine Cook
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences of professional socialisation by registered nurses in hospital-based practice settings, and identify strategies that support professional identity development. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is reinforced and stabilised in the clinical environment through the 'hidden curriculum', with major learning coming from practice role-models. New graduates observe attitudes, behaviours, decision-making and skills, and gain feedback from registered nurses, which they translate into their own practice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730505/a-comparison-of-functional-academic-and-daily-living-skills-in-males-with-fragile-x-syndrome-with-and-without-autism
#4
Melissa Raspa, Vitor Franco, Ellen Bishop, Anne C Wheeler, Amanda Wylie, Donald B Bailey
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behaviors, such as functional academic and daily living skills, are critical for independence in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. However, little is known about these skills in fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. AIMS: The purposes of this study were to describe the functional academic and daily living skills of males diagnosed with FXS across different age groups and compare skill attainment by autism status and other common co-occurring conditions...
May 3, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710863/pilot-testing-of-an-intensive-cooking-course-for-new-zealand-adolescents-the-create-our-own-kai-study
#5
Katherine Black, Carla Thomson, Themis Chryssidis, Rosie Finigan, Callum Hann, Rosalie Jackson, Caleb Robinson, Olivia Toldi, Paula Skidmore
The role of cooking on health and wellbeing is a recent area of scientific interest. In order to investigate this role, a cooking program that is suitable for each target population is needed e.g., a program designed for American or Australian children might not be appropriate for teenagers in New Zealand. As there was no similar previously evaluated program already available, the study’s purpose was to test an intensive cooking intervention on cooking confidence and knowledge amongst a group of adolescents from Dunedin, New Zealand, and to assess its acceptability to participants...
April 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704540/-a-bumpy-road-kindergarten-staff-s-experiences-with-an-intervention-to-promote-healthy-diets-in-toddlers
#6
Berit Johannessen, Sissel H Helland, Elling Bere, Nina Cecilie Øverby, Liv Fegran
This study explores the experiences of kindergarten staff with a multi-component kindergarten-based intervention, the aims of which were to reduce levels of food neophobia and to promote healthy diets in toddlers (aged 2-3 years). A qualitative design was chosen for the study, and the data are based on three focus group interviews. Altogether, 15 kindergarten staff were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The focus group interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Five main themes emerged from the interviews: i) Successful development of sensory knowledge, ii) Food neophobia, iii) Implementing new routines, a challenge for some, iv) Lack of cooking skills, and v) Inspired to continue...
April 25, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700935/a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-playgroups-in-building-community-capacity
#7
Georgia Keam, Kay Cook, Sarah Sinclair, Ian McShane
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Given that approximately half of all Australian families with children aged 2-3 years participate in playgroups, these settings may provide an important venue for social support and community capacity building. The aim of this study is to assess the benefits that parents and the wider community derive from such participation. METHODS: We examined community capacity building opportunities through qualitative interviews conducted with a self-selected sample of 33 playgroup participants...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655761/the-relationship-between-culinary-skills-and-eating-behaviors-challenges-and-opportunities-for-parents-and-families
#8
Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Darin Leonard
Unhealthy dietary intake among American children and adults is of great concern to public health practitioners, nutritional scientists, and child development experts. Cooking skills are related to healthier dietary intake among Americans of all ages, but remain a substantial barrier for many parents who want to serve healthy meals for their families at home. Culinary education interventions are effective solutions for many parents who do not know how to cook, but issues with participation bias mean that these programs are not effective solutions for all individuals...
April 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624720/case-study-behavior-changes-in-the-family-focused-obesity-prevention-home-plus-program
#9
Michelle L Myers, Jayne A Fulkerson, Sarah E Friend, Melissa L Horning, Colleen F Flattum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study is to describe two successful HOME Plus participants and highlight how an intervention with individual and group components can help families make lifestyle changes that result in improvements in child weight status. DESIGN: One hundred and sixty families participated in the HOME Plus study, and were randomized to either a control or intervention group. SAMPLE: Two successful HOME Plus participants were chosen because of their healthful changes in weight status and behavior and high engagement in the program...
April 6, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621947/comparison-of-two-music-training-approaches-on-music-and-speech-perception-in-cochlear-implant-users
#10
Christina D Fuller, John J Galvin, Bert Maat, Deniz Başkent, Rolien H Free
In normal-hearing (NH) adults, long-term music training may benefit music and speech perception, even when listening to spectro-temporally degraded signals as experienced by cochlear implant (CI) users. In this study, we compared two different music training approaches in CI users and their effects on speech and music perception, as it remains unclear which approach to music training might be best. The approaches differed in terms of music exercises and social interaction. For the pitch/timbre group, melodic contour identification (MCI) training was performed using computer software...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606413/fellowship-training-in-extracorporeal-life-support-characterization-and-educational-needs-assessment
#11
Mackenzie R Cook, Jenelle Badulak, Başak Çoruh, Laszlo N Kiraly, David Zonies, Joseph Cuschieri, Eileen M Bulger
PURPOSE: Adult Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) use is rapidly increasing. The structure of fellowship ECLS education is unknown. We sought to define current ECLS education and identify curricular needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous survey with Likert, binary and free response questions was sent to Critical Care Program Directors (CCPDs). RESULTS: A total of 103 CCPDs responded, a response rate of 31. ECLS training was provided by 64% (66/103) of fellowships...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606224/individual-versus-group-female-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#12
Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Kevin A Hallgren, Ayorkor Gaba, Sharon Cook, Noelle Jensen, Thomas Hildebrandt, Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Mark D Litt
OBJECTIVES: To test group-based Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (G-FS-CBT) for women with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) against an individual Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (I-FS-CBT). This aims of this paper are to describe G-FS-CBT development, content, feasibility, acceptability, group process, engagement in treatment, and within- and post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Women with AUD (n=155) were randomly assigned to 12 manual-guided sessions of G-FS-CBT or I-FS-CBT; 138 women attended at least one treatment session...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566696/how-do-nhs-organisations-plan-research-capacity-development-strategies-strengths-and-opportunities-for-improvement
#13
Melanie Gee, Jo Cooke
Research that is integral into a 'learning healthcare system' can promote cost effective services and knowledge creation. As such, research is defined as a 'core function' in UK health service organisations, and is often planned through research and development (R&D) strategies that aim to promote research activity and research capacity development (RCD). The discussion focuses around the content of ten R&D strategies for healthcare organisations in England and Scotland, with respect to RCD. These organisations were engaged with a research interest network called ACORN (Addressing Organisational Capacity to do Research Network) that included two Scottish Health Boards, four community and mental health trusts, two provincial district hospitals, and two teaching hospitals...
March 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551743/automatic-assessment-of-functional-health-decline-in-older-adults-based-on-smart-home-data
#14
Ane Alberdi Aramendi, Alyssa Weakley, Asier Aztiria Goenaga, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe, Diane J Cook
In the context of an aging population, tools to help elderly to live independently must be developed. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the possibility of using unobtrusively collected activity-aware smart home behavioral data to automatically detect one of the most common consequences of aging: functional health decline. After gathering the longitudinal smart home data of 29 older adults for an average of >2 years, we automatically labeled the data with corresponding activity classes and extracted time-series statistics containing 10 behavioral features...
May 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533465/the-airway-app-exploring-the-role-of-smartphone-technology-to-capture-emergency-front-of-neck-airway-experiences-internationally
#15
L V Duggan, S L Lockhart, T M Cook, E P O'Sullivan, T Dare, P A Baker
In this exploratory study we describe the utility of smartphone technology for anonymous retrospective observational data collection of emergency front-of-neck airway management. The medical community continues to debate the optimal technique for emergency front-of-neck airway management. Although individual clinicians infrequently perform this procedure, hundreds are performed annually worldwide. Ubiquitous smartphone technology and internet connectivity have created the opportunity to collect these data. We created the 'Airway App', a smartphone application to capture the experiences of healthcare providers involved in emergency front-of-neck airway procedures...
June 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530444/technology-enhanced-simulation-improves-trainee-readiness-transitioning-to-cardiothoracic-training
#16
Patrick G Chan, Lara W Schaheen, Ernest G Chan, Chris C Cook, James D Luketich, Jonathan D'Cunha
OBJECTIVE: Transitioning from medical school and general surgery training to cardiothoracic (CT) surgical training poses unique challenges for trainees and patient care. We hypothesized that participation in technology-enhanced simulation modules that provided early exposure to urgent/emergent CT patient problems would improve cognitive skills and readiness to manage common urgencies/emergencies. DESIGN: Traditional and integrated cardiothoracic residents at our institution participated in a technology-enhanced simulation curriculum...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527080/bidirectional-linkages-between-emotion-recognition-and-problem-behaviors-in-elementary-school-children
#17
Vanessa L Castro, Alison N Cooke, Amy G Halberstadt, Patricia Garrett-Peters
Cross-sectional studies support negative associations between children's skills in recognizing emotional expressions and their problem behaviors. Few studies have examined these associations over time, however, precluding our understanding of the direction of effects. Emotion recognition difficulties may contribute to the development of problem behaviors; additionally, problem behaviors may constrain the development of emotion recognition skill. The present study tested the bidirectional linkages between children's emotion recognition and teacher-reported problem behaviors in 1st and 3rd grade...
June 2018: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525525/self-perceived-cooking-skills-in-emerging-adulthood-predict-better-dietary-behaviors-and-intake-10-years-later-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Jennifer Utter, Nicole Larson, Melissa N Laska, Megan Winkler, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perceived cooking skills in emerging adulthood predicts better nutrition a decade later. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults longitudinal study. Participants reported on adequacy of cooking skills in 2002-2003 (age 18-23 years) and subsequently reported on nutrition-related outcomes in 2015-2016 (age 30-35 years) (n = 1,158). Separate regression models were used to examine associations between cooking skills at age 18-23 years and each subsequent outcome...
May 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477143/utility-of-ebutton-images-for-identifying-food-preparation-behaviors-and-meal-related-tasks-in-adolescents
#19
Margaret Raber, Monika Patterson, Wenyan Jia, Mingui Sun, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Food preparation skills may encourage healthy eating. Traditional assessment of child food preparation employs self- or parent proxy-reporting methods, which are prone to error. The eButton is a wearable all-day camera that has promise as an objective, passive method for measuring child food preparation practices. PURPOSE: This paper explores the feasibility of the eButton to reliably capture home food preparation behaviors and practices in a sample of pre- and early adolescents (ages 9 to 13)...
February 24, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471069/what-s-technology-cooking-up-a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-technology-in-adolescent-food-literacy-programs
#20
REVIEW
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
Over one-third of adolescents are overweight or obese. Food literacy (FL), the ability to plan and manage, select, prepare, and eat healthy foods, is a contemporary concept that provides a mechanism to understand the relationship between food-related knowledge and skills and dietary intake. Innovative interventions which focus on the core concepts of FL and include generationally appropriate technology have the potential to provide positive impact on the dietary habits of adolescents. This systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines and employed the Downs and Black criteria for rating studies...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
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