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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274986/use-of-simulation-training-to-prepare-pharmacy-residents-for-medical-emergencies
#1
Melissa L Thompson Bastin, Aaron M Cook, Alexander H Flannery
PURPOSE: The use of high-fidelity simulation training for preparing pharmacy residents for various high-stress and high-impact medical emergencies and the impact of this training on pharmacy residents' perception of preparedness are described. SUMMARY: During the 2015-16 residency year at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, simulation training, in addition to lecture-based orientation training, was chosen as a method to reinforce skills and knowledge learned throughout the orientation, before residents began working on-call shifts...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252370/adults-food-skills-and-use-of-gardens-are-not-associated-with-household-food-insecurity-in-canada
#2
Anne Huisken, Sarah K Orr, Valerie Tarasuk
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which Canadian adults' food preparation and cooking skills and use of home or community gardens relate to their household food insecurity status; and to compare the food shopping and cooking behaviours of adults in food-secure and food-insecure households. METHODS: Data were drawn from two Rapid Response Modules appended to the Canadian Community Health Survey in 2012 and 2013. The analytic sample comprised 16,496 respondents 18 years and older...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225693/improving-cooking-skills-and-confidence
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225460/professional-development-perceptions-and-practices-among-u-s-physicians-a-cross-specialty-national-survey
#4
David A Cook, Morris J Blachman, David W Price, Colin P West, Richard A Berger, Christopher M Wittich
PURPOSE: Professional development (PD)-both for-credit continuing medical education (CME) and informal self-directed or point-of-care learning-is vital to all physicians. The authors sought to understand physicians' PD perceptions and practices and how these vary by specialty and practice type. METHOD: The authors administered an Internet and paper survey, from September 2015 to April 2016, to randomly sampled U.S. physicians. Survey items addressed perceived PD needs and barriers and how physicians identify knowledge/skills gaps...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187722/effectiveness-of-differing-levels-of-support-for-family-meals-on-obesity-prevention-among-head-start-preschoolers-the-simply-dinner-study
#5
Holly E Brophy-Herb, Mildred Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Jean Kerver, Niko Kaciroti, Mara Stein, Hannah Jong Lee, Brittany Motz, Sheilah Hebert, Erika Prine, Candace Gardiner, Laurie A Van Egeren, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Despite slight decreases in obesity prevalence in children, nearly 25% of preschool-aged children are overweight or obese. Most interventions focused on promoting family meals as an obesity-prevention strategy target meal planning skills, knowledge and modeling of healthy eating without addressing the practical resources that enable implementation of family meals. There is a striking lack of evidence about what level of resources low-income parents need to implement family meals...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178196/image-based-dietary-assessment-ability-of-dietetics-students-and-interns
#6
Erica Howes, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr, Emily J Tomayko, Mary Cluskey
Image-based dietary assessment (IBDA) may improve the accuracy of dietary assessments, but no formalized training currently exists for skills relating to IBDA. This study investigated nutrition and dietetics students' and interns' IBDA abilities, the training and experience factors that may contribute to food identification and quantification accuracy, and the perceived challenges to performing IBDA. An online survey containing images of known foods and serving sizes representing common American foods was used to assess the ability to identify foods and serving sizes...
February 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166898/identification-of-the-emplacement-of-improvised-explosive-devices-by-experienced-mission-payload-operators
#7
Nathan J McNeese, Nancy J Cooke, Russell Branaghan, Ashley Knobloch, Amanda Taylor
Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) have become one of the deadliest threats to military personnel, resulting in over 50% of American combat casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan. Identification of IED emplacement is conducted by mission payload operators (MPOs). Yet, experienced MPOs are limited in number, making MPO training a critical intervention. In this article, we implement a Cognitive Engineering Based on Expert Skill methodology to better understand how experienced MPOs identify the emplacement of IEDs for the purposes of improving training...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145944/transforming-medical-assessment-integrating-uncertainty-into-the-evaluation-of-clinical-reasoning-in-medical-education
#8
Suzette Cooke, Jean-Francois Lemay
In an age where practicing physicians have access to an overwhelming volume of clinical information and are faced with increasingly complex medical decisions, the ability to execute sound clinical reasoning is essential to optimal patient care. The authors propose two concepts that are philosophically paramount to the future assessment of clinical reasoning in medicine: assessment in the context of "uncertainty" (when, despite all of the information that is available, there is still significant doubt as to the best diagnosis, investigation, or treatment), and acknowledging that it is entirely possible (and reasonable) to have more than "one correct answer...
January 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145738/influence-of-a-school-based-cooking-course-on-students-food-preferences-cooking-skills-and-confidence
#9
Rola Zahr, Lindiwe Sibeko
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to evaluate the influence of Project CHEF, a hands-on cooking and tasting program offered in Vancouver public schools, on students' food preferences, cooking skills, and confidence. Grade 4 and 5 students in an intervention group (n = 68) and a comparison group (n = 32) completed a survey at baseline and 2 to 3 weeks later. Students who participated in Project CHEF reported an increased familiarity and preference for the foods introduced through the program. This was statistically significant (P ≤ 0...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#10
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092429/residents-understanding-of-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Paul Cooper, Morgan Hindes, Timothy M Maul, Stephen C Cook
OBJECTIVE: Medical residents are exposed to increasing numbers of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). While inadequate ACHD knowledge may lead to inappropriate practice, this educational deficit has not been investigated. Our aim was to analyze residents' attitudes, perceived ability, and knowledge of ACHD medicine. DESIGN, METHODS, OUTCOME MEASURES: A single center, multiprogram cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 using an electronic survey to assess 472 medical residents' perceived knowledge and self-assessed skills related to ACHD medicine...
January 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038385/changes-in-quality-of-life-as-a-result-of-ketogenic-diet-therapy-a-new-approach-to-assessment-with-the-potential-for-positive-therapeutic-effects
#12
Susan Bruce, Anita Devlin, Linda Air, Lucy Cook
There are difficulties inherent in measuring Quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness, including agreement on definitions of quality of life and the type of measure used, disease specific or generic. Well validated QoL instruments for epilepsy exist but focus on capturing common themes pertinent to children and families as a group instead of focusing on themes important to individual patients and their families/carers. In addition, it is common for numerous items on these inventories to be left incomplete or responded to with "not applicable" since many of the items are not suitable for children with disabilities and their families...
January 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031946/hyperglycemia-during-the-immediate-period-following-liver-transplantation
#13
K Tuesday Werner, Patricia A Mackey, Janna C Castro, Elizabeth J Carey, Harini A Chakkera, Curtiss B Cook
AIM: High blood glucose levels in the hospital are common among transplant recipients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis, stratified by diagnosis of pretransplant diabetes mellitus (DM). RESULTS: Of 346 patients, 96 had pretransplant DM (insulin, n = 60; no insulin, n = 36) and 250 did not. Patients with pretransplant DM had higher inpatient mean glucose levels and more hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia (all p < 0.01). For patients without pretransplant DM, the need for insulin at discharge increased 23% for every 5-year age increase (odds ratio: 1...
March 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024883/health-and-social-determinants-and-outcomes-of-home-cooking-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#14
REVIEW
Susanna Mills, Martin White, Heather Brown, Wendy Wrieden, Dominika Kwasnicka, Joel Halligan, Shannon Robalino, Jean Adams
Many dietary interventions assume a positive influence of home cooking on diet, health and social outcomes, but evidence remains inconsistent. We aimed to systematically review health and social determinants and outcomes of home cooking. Given the absence of a widely accepted, established definition, we defined home cooking as the actions required for preparing hot or cold foods at home, including combining, mixing and often heating ingredients. Nineteen electronic databases were searched for relevant literature...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936856/contextual-information-and-perceptual-cognitive-expertise-in-a-dynamic-temporally-constrained-task
#15
Colm P Murphy, Robin C Jackson, Karl Cooke, André Roca, Nicolas Benguigui, A Mark Williams
Skilled performers extract and process postural information from an opponent during anticipation more effectively than their less-skilled counterparts. In contrast, the role and importance of contextual information in anticipation has received only minimal attention. We evaluate the importance of contextual information in anticipation and examine the underlying perceptual-cognitive processes. We present skilled and less-skilled tennis players with normal video or animated footage of the same rallies. In the animated condition, sequences were created using player movement and ball trajectory data, and postural information from the players was removed, constraining participants to anticipate based on contextual information alone...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898697/risk-of-death-influences-regional-variation-in-intensive-care-unit-admission-rates-among-the-elderly-in-the-united-states
#16
Colin R Cooke
RATIONALE: The extent to which geographic variability in ICU admission across the United States is driven by patients with lower risk of death is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients at low to moderate risk of death contribute to geographic variation in ICU admission. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of hospitalizations among Medicare beneficiaries (age > 64 years) admitted for ten common medical and surgical diagnoses (2004 to 2009)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885750/they-re-nice-and-neat-but-are-they-useful-a-grounded-theory-of-clinical-psychologists-beliefs-about-and-use-of-nice-guidelines
#17
Alex John Court, Anne Cooke, Amanda Scrivener
Guidelines are ubiquitous but inconsistently used in UK mental health services. Clinical psychologists are often influential in guideline development and implementation, but opinion within the profession is divided. This study utilized grounded theory methodology to examine clinical psychologists' beliefs about and use of NICE guidelines. Eleven clinical psychologists working in the NHS were interviewed. The overall emerging theme was; NICE guidelines are considered to have benefits but to be fraught with dangers...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882266/community-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-their-effects-on-confidence-and-eating-behaviour
#18
REVIEW
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Matthew McDonald, Elisa J Vargas-Garcia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Community-based interventions aiming to improve cooking skills are a popular strategy to promote healthy eating. We reviewed current evidence on the effectiveness of these interventions on different confidence aspects and fruit and vegetable intake. RECENT FINDINGS: Evaluation of cooking programmes consistently report increased confidence in cooking skills in adults across different age groups and settings. The effectiveness of these programmes on modifying eating behaviour is less consistent, but small increases in self-reported consumption of fruit and vegetables are also described...
2016: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872273/-what-s-cooking-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-head-start-parent-child-pilot-cooking-program
#19
M Elizabeth Miller, Julia L Kaesberg, Victoria B Thompson, Rachel A Wyand
Providing access to nutritious foods is crucial for low-income populations, but increasing nutrition-related skills and attitudes such as food preparation, feeding practices, and positive perceptions around healthy foods to establish sustainable behavior change are paramount for the development of healthy lifestyles. This qualitative study was designed to evaluate the What's Cooking pilot program. A total of 15 participants were recruited from two Head Start schools through flyers, text messages, and e-mails...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853832/old-drugs-with-new-skills-fenoprofen-as-an-allosteric-enhancer-at-melanocortin-receptor-3
#20
Trinidad Montero-Melendez, Rachel A E Forfar, Jennifer M Cook, Jeffrey C Jerman, Debra L Taylor, Mauro Perretti
The efficiency of drug research and development has paradoxically declined over the last decades despite major scientific and technological advances, promoting new cost-effective strategies such as drug repositioning by systematic screening for new actions of known drugs. Here, we performed a screening for positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) at melanocortin (MC) receptors. The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug fenoprofen, but not the similar compound ibuprofen, presented PAM activity at MC3, MC4, and MC5 receptors...
April 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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