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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296104/addressing-the-dual-health-epidemics-of-hiv-and-sexual-abuse-among-children-and-adolescents-in-kenya-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#1
Carolyne Ajema, Charity Mbugua, Peter Memiah, Camille Wood, Courtney Cook, Ronald Kotut, Lina Digolo
Purpose: Child sexual abuse and HIV are key health challenges in Kenya. In 2015, LVCT Health conducted a study aimed at assessing the quality of HIV-related services offered to child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities. Materials and methods: A qualitative data collection approach was utilized. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 31 providers. Quantitative methods included a retrospective review of 164 records of child survivors of rape who had accessed services 6 months prior to the commencement of the study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289390/personalized-video-feedback-improves-suturing-skills-of-incoming-general-surgery-trainees
#2
Nimesh D Naik, Eduardo F Abbott, Becca L Gas, Brittany L Murphy, David R Farley, David A Cook
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery encourages graduating medical students to prepare for surgical residency before day 1. We sought to determine the impact of personalized video feedback on an advance preparation task. METHODS: We conducted a nonrandomized study comparing video feedback versus no feedback. We sent incoming surgical interns a preparatory package 2 months before starting residency. Trainees video-recorded themselves performing a subcuticular wound closure, 3 times at 3-week intervals, and submitted these for appraisal...
December 27, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242140/positive-impacts-of-a-vegetable-cooking-skills-program-among-low-income-parents-and-children
#3
Francine Overcash, Allison Ritter, Traci Mann, Elton Mykerezi, Joseph Redden, Aaron Rendahl, Zata Vickers, Marla Reicks
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a vegetable-focused cooking skills and nutrition program on parent and child psychosocial measures, vegetable liking, variety, and home availability. DESIGN: Baseline and postcourse surveys collected 1-week after the course. SETTING: Low-income communities in Minneapolis-St Paul. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child dyads (n = 89; one third each Hispanic, African American, and white) with complete pre-post course data; flyer and e-mail recruitment...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242138/a-high-prevalence-of-food-insecurity-among-university-students-in-appalachia-reflects-a-need-for-educational-interventions-and-policy-advocacy
#4
Laura Helena McArthur, Lanae Ball, Ariel C Danek, Donald Holbert
OBJECTIVES: To measure prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among college students in Appalachia, compare food-insecure and food-secure students on correlates, and identify predictor variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online questionnaire. SETTING: University in Appalachia. PARTICIPANTS: Nonprobability, random sample of 1,093 students (317 male [30.1%]; 723 females [68.4%]). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Food insecurity, coping strategies, money expenditure, academic progress, and demographics...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220645/the-value-of-a-learning-needs-analysis-to-establish-educational-priorities-in-a-new-clinical-workforce
#5
Adrienne Hudson, Elayne Ellis-Cohen, Shari Davies, Desley Horn, Alison Dale, Lorelle Malyon, Rachel Edwards, Jane Harnischfeger, Glenda Radel, Rebecca Bundy, Jacqueline Jauncey-Cooke
A learning needs analysis was undertaken in a newly formed workforce. The goal of the learning needs analysis was to establish both the skill set and educational needs in the nursing workforce prior to moving to a new purpose built facility. The results would then enable nurse educators to develop, plan and deliver appropriate educational strategies. Staff (73%) completed an online survey; the results were collated and analysed. The results of the learning needs analysis suggested an experienced workforce that had great capacity to care for children across a wide spectrum of acute clinical needs...
November 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202393/designing-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-postpartum-mothers-following-gestational-diabetes-an-online-survey-with-mothers-and-health-professionals
#6
Amanda P Moore, Maria I D'Amico, Natalie A M Cooper, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify what components of a postpartum lifestyle intervention would engage postpartum mothers who had a diagnosis of gestational diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Two online surveys were conducted, one involving postnatal mothers with GDM (n=83), and a second for health professionals (n=46). RESULTS: Seventy-eight percent of mothers were aware that healthy eating, exercise and weight management were all important to reduce risk of subsequent type 2 diabetes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198402/introduction-scientific-rigor-in-paleopathology
#7
Jane E Buikstra, Della C Cook, Katelyn L Bolhofner
This introductory chapter to the Special Issue on "Scientific Rigor in Paleopathology" serves to orient and introduce the chapters that follow through a detailed consideration of paleopathology as a 21st century intellectual field. In this vein, we first make the significant point that paleopathology is a profoundly interdisciplinary endeavor, encompassing aspects of the biomedical science, the humanities, and the social sciences. Thus, we suggest that no one practitioner can personally command the range of skills necessary for a 21st century paleopathologist...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180228/telehealth-and-telenursing-using-simulation-for-pre-licensure-usa-students
#8
M Lister, J Vaughn, J Brennan-Cook, M Molloy, M Kuszajewski, R J Shaw
An innovative simulation was used to teach pre-licensure USA nursing students about telenursing for screening, assessment, and patient education during a home visit. The students used telepresence technology to deliver nursing care to a homebound geriatric patient. After the simulation, students (N = 73) felt increased confidence with the skills needed to deliver telenursing care and in using telepresence technology. Students reported that they modified and improved their communication in order to adapt to perceived barriers posed by the new technology...
October 28, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173221/convenience-based-food-purchase-patterns-identification-and-associations-with-dietary-quality-sociodemographic-factors-and-attitudes
#9
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to derive food purchase patterns considering the convenience level of foods. Associations between identified patterns and dietary quality were analysed, as well as household characteristics associated with the dietary patterns. DESIGN: A Convenience Food Classification Scheme (CFCS) was developed. After classifying basic food groups into the CFCS, the formed groups were used to apply a factor analysis to identify convenience-based food purchase patterns...
November 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170057/barriers-and-enablers-to-implementation-of-dietary-guidelines-in-early-childhood-education-centers-in-australia-application-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#10
Alice Grady, Kirsty Seward, Meghan Finch, Alison Fielding, Fiona Stacey, Jannah Jones, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong
OBJECTIVE: To identify perceived barriers and enablers to implementation of dietary guidelines reported by early childhood education center cooks, and barriers and enablers associated with greater implementation based on assessment of center menu compliance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone interview. SETTING: Early childhood education centers, New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 202 cooks responsible for menu planning; 70 centers provided a menu for review of compliance with dietary guidelines...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159932/barriers-to-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-in-northern-european-adults-at-high-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#11
S E Moore, C T McEvoy, L Prior, J Lawton, C C Patterson, F Kee, M Cupples, I S Young, K Appleton, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: Strong evidence links the consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MD) with a reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, there is uncertainty as to whether non-Mediterranean regions will adopt this diet. The present qualitative research aimed to investigate attitudes towards a MD in individuals at high CVD risk in a Northern European population. This information is needed to inform development of MD interventions in non-Mediterranean high-risk populations. METHODS: Focus groups (n = 12) were held with individuals at high CVD risk from Northern Europe (≥2 CVD risk factors, aged ≥50 years, no established CVD/type 2 diabetes)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155173/domestic-food-practices-a-study-of-food-management-behaviors-and-the-role-of-food-preparation-planning-in-reducing-waste
#12
Simona Romani, Silvia Grappi, Richard P Bagozzi, Ada Maria Barone
Recent research has started to show the key role of daily food provision practices in affecting household food waste. Building on and extending these previous contributions, the objective of this paper is to investigate how individuals' everyday practices regarding food (e.g., shopping, cooking, eating, etc.) lead to food waste, and how policy makers and the food industry can implement effective strategies to influence such practices and ultimately help consumers reduce food waste. The research performs three Studies; a critical incident qualitative study (Study 1) and a quantitative, survey-based study (Study 2) to identify and examine relevant food management behaviors associated with domestic waste...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139337/do-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-benefit-from-making-errors-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-error-based-and-errorless-learning
#13
Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Robyn Tate, Elizabeth Beadle, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, Julia Schmidt, Amanda Lane-Brown, Mathilde Chevignard, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Errorless learning (ELL) and error-based learning (EBL) are commonly used approaches to rehabilitation for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unknown whether making errors is beneficial in the learning process to promote skills generalization after severe TBI. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of ELL and EBL for improving skills generalization, self-awareness, behavioral competency, and psychosocial functioning after severe TBI...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121316/routine-videolaryngoscopy-is-likely-to-improve-skills-needed-to-use-a-videolaryngoscope-when-laryngoscopy-is-difficult
#14
F E Kelly, T M Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106479/establishing-a-distributed-national-research-infrastructure-providing-bioinformatics-support-to-life-science-researchers-in-australia
#15
Maria Victoria Schneider, Philippa C Griffin, Sonika Tyagi, Madison Flannery, Saravanan Dayalan, Simon Gladman, Nathan Watson-Haigh, Philipp E Bayer, Michael Charleston, Ira Cooke, Rob Cook, Richard J Edwards, David Edwards, Dominique Gorse, Malcolm McConville, David Powell, Marc R Wilkins, Andrew Lonie
EMBL Australia Bioinformatics Resource (EMBL-ABR) is a developing national research infrastructure, providing bioinformatics resources and support to life science and biomedical researchers in Australia. EMBL-ABR comprises 10 geographically distributed national nodes with one coordinating hub, with current funding provided through Bioplatforms Australia and the University of Melbourne for its initial 2-year development phase. The EMBL-ABR mission is to: (1) increase Australia's capacity in bioinformatics and data sciences; (2) contribute to the development of training in bioinformatics skills; (3) showcase Australian data sets at an international level and (4) enable engagement in international programs...
June 30, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092631/around-the-corner-to-better-health-a-milwaukee-corner-store-initiative
#16
Staci Young, Melissa DeNomie, JoAnne Sabir, Eric Gass, Jessie Tobin
PURPOSE: To discuss successes and challenges of a collaborative pilot project to increase healthy food availability in corner stores in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Lindsay Heights Healthy Corner Store Initiative aimed to help corner stores sell high-quality produce by increasing supply of healthy foods and funding minor store upgrades to facilitate change. DESIGN: Evaluation research. SETTING: Milwaukee, Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Corner stores; youth and adult community members...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073316/observational-study-of-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-outcomes-in-adult-hospitalized-patients-a-multivariable-analysis-of-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-failure
#17
Nicole Marsh, Joan Webster, Emily Larson, Marle Cooke, Gabor Mihala, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Almost 70% of hospitalized patients require a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV), yet up to 69% of PIVs fail prior to completion of therapy. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with PIV failure. DESIGN: A single center, prospective, cohort study. SETTING: Medical and surgical wards of a tertiary hospital located in Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients requiring a PIV...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065020/personalized-video-feedback-and-repeated-task-practice-improve-laparoscopic-knot-tying-skills-two-controlled-trials
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eduardo F Abbott, Whitney Thompson, T K Pandian, Benjamin Zendejas, David R Farley, David A Cook
PURPOSE: Compare the effect of personalized feedback (PF) vs. task demonstration (TD), both delivered via video, on laparoscopic knot-tying skills and perceived workload; and evaluate the effect of repeated practice. METHOD: General surgery interns and research fellows completed four repetitions of a simulated laparoscopic knot-tying task at one-month intervals. Midway between repetitions, participants received via e-mail either a TD video (demonstration by an expert) or a PF video (video of their own performance with voiceover from a blinded senior surgeon)...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061226/scientific-overview-on-csci-citac-annual-general-meeting-and-2016-young-investigators-forum
#19
Tianwei E Zhou, Kristen I Barton, Elina Cook, Matthew G K Benesch, Nicholas Jette, Christophe Moderie, Katarina Ondrusova, Caitlin Lees, Patrick E Steadman, Tina B Marvasti, Sara Mirali, Peter J Liu, Ege M Babadagli, Kara J Abraham, Kirill J Zaslavsky
The 2016 Annual General Meeting of the Canadian Society of Clinician Investigators (CSCI) and Clinician Investigator Trainee Association of Canada/Association des Cliniciens-Chercheurs en Formation du Canada (CITAC/ACCFC) was a national conference held in Toronto November 21-23, 2016, in conjunction with The University of Toronto Clinician Investigator Program Research Day. The theme for this year's meeting was "Mapping Your Career as a Clinician-Scientist"; emphasizing essential skills for developing a fruitful career as clinician-scientist...
October 19, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047323/cooking-classes-a-diabetes-self-management-support-intervention-enhancing-clinical-values
#20
Cally Byrne, Neal Kurmas, Christopher J Burant, Anne Utech, Alison Steiber, Mary Julius
Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Healthy Teaching Kitchen (HTK) attendance among veterans who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and clinical outcomes as measured by A1C and blood pressure. Methods This retrospective chart review collected data from veterans with T2DM who participated in the Diabetes Self-Management Support (DSMS) HTK program at the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center (LSCVAMC) between February 2013 and May 2016. Data collected included demographic information, frequency of DSMS HTK attendance, 3 A1C values, and 3 blood pressure values...
December 2017: Diabetes Educator
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