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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526477/increasing-intention-to-cook-from-basic-ingredients-a-randomised-controlled-study
#1
Fiona Lavelle, Lynsey Hollywood, Martin Caraher, Laura McGowan, Michelle Spence, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
The promotion of home cooking is a strategy used to improve diet quality and health. However, modern home cooking typically includes the use of processed food which can lead to negative outcomes including weight gain. In addition, interventions to improve cooking skills do not always explain how theory informed their design and implementation. The Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) taxonomy successfully employed in other areas has identified essential elements for interventions. This study investigated the effectiveness of different instructional modes for learning to cook a meal, designed using an accumulating number of BCTs, on participant's perceived difficulty, enjoyment, confidence and intention to cook from basic ingredients...
May 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509402/a-combined-hands-on-teaching-program-and-clinical-pathway-focused-on-pleural-ultrasound-and-procedure-supervision-transforms-pleural-procedure-outcomes
#2
Timothy Edwards, Alistair Cook, Matthew Salamonsen, Farzad Bashirzadeh, David Fielding
INTRODUCTION: Management of pleural effusions is a common diagnostic and management problem. We reviewed the outcomes from pleural procedures after the instigation of pleural effusion management guidelines focusing on pleural ultrasound and a hands-on teaching program followed with procedure supervision that enabled many operators to perform such procedures. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all procedures performed for pleural effusions on medical patients. Outcomes were assessed prior to the instigation of pleural effusion management guidelines (pleural pathway) and hands-on teaching (January 2010 to June 2011) and following these interventions (January 2012 to June 2013)...
May 16, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506241/socio-demographic-determinants-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-in-migrant-workers-of-peninsular-malaysia
#3
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
BACKGROUND: The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499931/empowered-to-cook-the-crucial-role-of-food-agency-in-making-meals
#4
Amy B Trubek, Maria Carabello, Caitlin Morgan, Jacob Lahne
What makes an individual, on any given occasion, able and willing to prepare a meal for themselves: that is, to cook? As home cooking has increasingly become the focus of public-health, nutrition, and policy interventions and campaigns, the need for a better understanding has become apparent. It is clear that cooking is not merely a matter of mechanical skill or rote training; beyond this, it is difficult to explain why similar individuals have such different capacities for setting and achieving food-related goals...
May 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480225/diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-strategies-for-college-students
#5
Yannica Theda S Martinez, Brook E Harmon, Claudio R Nigg, Erin O Bantum, Shaila Strayhorn
OBJECTIVES: To understand perceived barriers of a diverse sample of college students and their suggestions for interventions aimed at healthy eating, cooking, and physical activity. METHODS: Forty students (33% Asian American, 30% mixed ethnicity) were recruited. Six focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and coded. Coding began with a priori codes, but allowed for additional codes to emerge. Analysis of questionnaires on participants' dietary and physical activity practices and behaviors provided context for qualitative findings...
July 2016: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461761/managing-the-pediatric-patient-with-refractory-asthma-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#6
REVIEW
James Cook, Fran Beresford, Valentina Fainardi, Pippa Hall, Georgie Housley, Angela Jamalzadeh, Michelle Nightingale, David Winch, Andrew Bush, Louise Fleming, Sejal Saglani
Children with asthma that is refractory to high levels of prescribed treatment are described as having problematic severe asthma. Those in whom persistent symptoms result from a failure of basic asthma management are described as having "difficult asthma", while those who remain symptomatic despite these factors having been addressed are described as having "severe therapy-resistant asthma" (STRA). The majority of children have difficult asthma; asthma that is poorly controlled because of a failure to get the basics of asthma management right...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459273/changes-in-behavior-and-salivary-cortisol-after-targeted-cognitive-training-in-typical-12-month-old-infants
#7
Sam V Wass, Clare Cook, Kaili Clackson
Previous research has suggested that early development may be an optimal period to implement cognitive training interventions, particularly those relating to attention control, a basic ability that is essential for the development of other cognitive skills. In the present study, we administered gaze-contingent training (95 min across 2 weeks) targeted at voluntary attention control to a cohort of typical 12-month-old children (N = 24) and sham training to a control group (N = 24). We assessed training effects on (a) tasks involving nontrained aspects of attention control: visual sustained attention, habituation speed, visual recognition memory, sequence learning, and reversal learning; (b) general attentiveness (on-task behaviors during testing); and (c) salivary cortisol levels...
May 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454068/biochar-based-water-treatment-systems-as-a-potential-low-cost-and-sustainable-technology-for-clean-water-provision
#8
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura, Chicgoua Noubactep, Fungai N D Mukome
Approximately 600 million people lack access to safe drinking water, hence achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030) calls for rapid translation of recent research into practical and frugal solutions within the remaining 13 years. Biochars, with excellent capacity to remove several contaminants from aqueous solutions, constitute an untapped technology for drinking water treatment. Biochar water treatment has several potential merits compared to existing low-cost methods (i...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#9
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406100/medication-calculation-and-administration-workshop-and-hurdle-assessment-increases-student-awareness-towards-the-importance-of-safe-practices-to-decrease-medication-errors-in-the-future
#10
Darlene Wallace, Torres Woolley, David Martin, Roy Rasalam, Maria Bellei
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are the second most frequently reported hospital incident in Australia and are a global concern. A "Medication Calculation and Administration" workshop followed by a "hurdle" assessment (compulsory task mandating a minimum level of performance as a condition of passing the course) was introduced into Year 2 of the James Cook University medical curriculum to decrease dosage calculation and administration errors among graduates. This study evaluates the effectiveness of this educational activity as a long-term strategy to teach medical students' essential skills in calculating and administering medications...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403414/a-national-survey-of-videolaryngoscopy-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
T M Cook, F E Kelly
Background.: There are increasing numbers of videolaryngoscopes marketed and increasing interest in the technology. The Difficult Airway Society's 2015 guidelines recommend that videolaryngoscopes should be immediately available at all times and that all anaesthetists should be trained and skilled in their use. Methods.: An electronic survey was sent to all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine availability, use, and attitudes to videolaryngoscopy, and closed in January 2014...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392424/vegetarianism-and-meat-consumption-a-comparison-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-between-vegetarian-semi-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-subjects-in-belgium
#12
Amy Mullee, Leen Vermeire, Barbara Vanaelst, Patrick Mullie, Peter Deriemaeker, Tobias Leenaert, Stefaan De Henauw, Aoibheann Dunne, Marc J Gunter, Peter Clarys, Inge Huybrechts
High levels of meat consumption in Belgium may be contributing to increased risk of non-communicable diseases in this population. The objective of this study is to investigate the attitudes and beliefs about vegetarianism and meat consumption among the Belgian population, ultimately to better understand the motivations underlying these dietary behaviours. This cross-sectional study was initiated in March 2011. A total of 2436 individuals from a representative consumer panel from the Flemish and Brussels communities participated...
April 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386304/results-of-a-pilot-intervention-in-food-shelves-to-improve-healthy-eating-and-cooking-skills-among-adults-experiencing-food-insecurity
#13
Caitlin Eicher Caspi, Cynthia Davey, Robin Friebur, Marilyn S Nanney
Since the start of the 2007 economic downturn, reliance on emergency food assistance suppliers (e.g., food pantries, also known as food shelves) has increased. Many food shelves strive to provide effective nutrition programs to serve their clients, even while they are faced with a scarcity of resources. Rigorous evaluation of the impact of such programming on dietary outcomes is, therefore, warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot cooking and nutrition education intervention among food shelf clients...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376310/improving-patient-s-home-cooking-a-case-series-of-participation-in-a-remote-culinary-coaching-program
#14
Rani Polak, David M Pober, Maggi A Budd, Julie K Silver, Edward M Phillips, Martin J Abrahamson
This case series describes and examines the outcomes of a remote culinary coaching program, aimed at improving nutrition through home cooking. Participants (n=4) improved attitudes about the perceived ease of home cooking (p<0.01) and self-efficacy to perform various culinary skills (p=0.02); and also in confidence to continue e-learning culinary skills and consume healthier food. We believe this program might be a viable response to the need for effective and scalable health related culinary interventions...
April 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375186/evaluation-of-the-eat-better-feel-better-cooking-programme-to-tackle-barriers-to-healthy-eating
#15
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Elizabeth Hammond, Alison Parrett, Anne Gebbie-Diben
We evaluated a 6-week community-based cooking programme, "Eat Better Feel Better", aimed at tackling barriers to cooking and healthy eating using a single-group repeated measures design. 117 participants enrolled, 62 completed baseline and post-intervention questionnaires, and 17 completed these and a 3-4 months follow-up questionnaire. Most participants were female, >45 years, and socioeconomically deprived. Confidence constructs changed positively from baseline to post-intervention (medians, scale 1 "not confident" to 7 "very confident"): "cooking using raw ingredients" (4, 6 p < 0...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373062/a-summer-health-program-for-african-american-high-school-students-in-baltimore-maryland-community-partnership-for-integrative-health
#16
Beverly Pierce, Brandin Bowden, Molly McCullagh, Alica Diehl, Zachary Chissell, Rebecca Rodriguez, Brian M Berman, Christopher R D Adamo
CONTEXT: Physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and chronic stress threaten the health of African-American youth in urban environments. Conditions often worsen in summer with diminished access to healthy foods and safe venues for physical activity. OBJECTIVE: A public-private partnership was formed to develop and evaluate an integrative health intervention entitled "Mission Thrive Summer" (MTS). METHODS: The MTS setting was an urban farm and adjacent school in a low-income community in Baltimore, Maryland...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363814/the-impact-of-video-technology-on-learning-a-cooking-skills-experiment
#17
Dawn Surgenor, Lynsey Hollywood, Sinéad Furey, Fiona Lavelle, Laura McGowan, Michelle Spence, Monique Raats, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Moira Dean
This study examines the role of video technology in the development of cooking skills. The study explored the views of 141 female participants on whether video technology can promote confidence in learning new cooking skills to assist in meal preparation. Prior to each focus group participants took part in a cooking experiment to assess the most effective method of learning for low-skilled cooks across four experimental conditions (recipe card only; recipe card plus video demonstration; recipe card plus video demonstration conducted in segmented stages; and recipe card plus video demonstration whereby participants freely accessed video demonstrations as and when needed)...
March 28, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345402/clinical-and-functional-correlates-of-processing-speed-in-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Nathan E Cook, Ellen B Braaten, Craig B H Surman
It is well established that processing speed is negatively impacted in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Unfortunately, exactly how processing speed vulnerabilities manifest in daily functioning has not been well established. To support clinical care of youth with ADHD, it is important to better understand the functional consequences and relevant outcomes associated with processing speed deficits. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify the association between processing speed and clinical or functional correlates among children or adolescents diagnosed with ADHD...
March 27, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274986/use-of-simulation-training-to-prepare-pharmacy-residents-for-medical-emergencies
#19
Melissa L Thompson Bastin, Aaron M Cook, Alexander H Flannery
PURPOSE: The use of high-fidelity simulation training for preparing pharmacy residents for various high-stress and high-impact medical emergencies and the impact of this training on pharmacy residents' perception of preparedness are described. SUMMARY: During the 2015-16 residency year at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, simulation training, in addition to lecture-based orientation training, was chosen as a method to reinforce skills and knowledge learned throughout the orientation, before residents began working on-call shifts...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252370/adults-food-skills-and-use-of-gardens-are-not-associated-with-household-food-insecurity-in-canada
#20
Anne Huisken, Sarah K Orr, Valerie Tarasuk
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which Canadian adults' food preparation and cooking skills and use of home or community gardens relate to their household food insecurity status; and to compare the food shopping and cooking behaviours of adults in food-secure and food-insecure households. METHODS: Data were drawn from two Rapid Response Modules appended to the Canadian Community Health Survey in 2012 and 2013. The analytic sample comprised 16,496 respondents 18 years and older...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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