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Cooking skills

Ane Alberdi Aramendi, Alyssa Weakley, Asier Aztiria Goenaga, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe, Diane J Cook
In the context of an aging population, tools to help elderly to live independently must be developed. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the possibility of using unobtrusively collected activity-aware smart home behavioral data to automatically detect one of the most common consequences of aging: functional health decline. After gathering the longitudinal smart home data of 29 older adults for an average of > 2 years, we automatically labeled the data with corresponding activity classes and extracted time-series statistics containing 10 behavioral features...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
L V Duggan, S L Lockhart, T M Cook, E P O'Sullivan, T Dare, P A Baker
In this exploratory study we describe the utility of smartphone technology for anonymous retrospective observational data collection of emergency front-of-neck airway management. The medical community continues to debate the optimal technique for emergency front-of-neck airway management. Although individual clinicians infrequently perform this procedure, hundreds are performed annually worldwide. Ubiquitous smartphone technology and internet connectivity have created the opportunity to collect these data. We created the 'Airway App', a smartphone application to capture the experiences of healthcare providers involved in emergency front-of-neck airway procedures...
March 13, 2018: Anaesthesia
Patrick G Chan, Lara W Schaheen, Ernest G Chan, Chris C Cook, James D Luketich, Jonathan D'Cunha
OBJECTIVE: Transitioning from medical school and general surgery training to cardiothoracic (CT) surgical training poses unique challenges for trainees and patient care. We hypothesized that participation in technology-enhanced simulation modules that provided early exposure to urgent/emergent CT patient problems would improve cognitive skills and readiness to manage common urgencies/emergencies. DESIGN: Traditional and integrated cardiothoracic residents at our institution participated in a technology-enhanced simulation curriculum...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Vanessa L Castro, Alison N Cooke, Amy G Halberstadt, Patricia Garrett-Peters
Cross-sectional studies support negative associations between children's skills in recognizing emotional expressions and their problem behaviors. Few studies have examined these associations over time, however, precluding our understanding of the direction of effects. Emotion recognition difficulties may contribute to the development of problem behaviors; additionally, problem behaviors may constrain the development of emotion recognition skill. The present study tested the bidirectional linkages between children's emotion recognition and teacher-reported problem behaviors in 1st and 3rd grade...
June 2018: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
Jennifer Utter, Nicole Larson, Melissa N Laska, Megan Winkler, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perceived cooking skills in emerging adulthood predicts better nutrition a decade later. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults longitudinal study. Participants reported on adequacy of cooking skills in 2002-2003 (age 18-23 years) and subsequently reported on nutrition-related outcomes in 2015-2016 (age 30-35 years) (n = 1,158). Separate regression models were used to examine associations between cooking skills at age 18-23 years and each subsequent outcome...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Margaret Raber, Monika Patterson, Wenyan Jia, Mingui Sun, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Food preparation skills may encourage healthy eating. Traditional assessment of child food preparation employs self- or parent proxy-reporting methods, which are prone to error. The eButton is a wearable all-day camera that has promise as an objective, passive method for measuring child food preparation practices. PURPOSE: This paper explores the feasibility of the eButton to reliably capture home food preparation behaviors and practices in a sample of pre- and early adolescents (ages 9 to 13)...
February 24, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
Over one-third of adolescents are overweight or obese. Food literacy (FL), the ability to plan and manage, select, prepare, and eat healthy foods, is a contemporary concept that provides a mechanism to understand the relationship between food-related knowledge and skills and dietary intake. Innovative interventions which focus on the core concepts of FL and include generationally appropriate technology have the potential to provide positive impact on the dietary habits of adolescents. This systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines and employed the Downs and Black criteria for rating studies...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
Ángela García-González, María Achón, Elena Alonso-Aperte, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
This study focuses on understanding factors that influence food agency in the Spanish population, specifically with regard to cooking habits, knowledge, and determinants and their possible relationship with body weight. A cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted. Individuals were asked about their cooking responsibilities, how they learned to cook, factors that affect their food choices, and their preferred cooking techniques. Anthropometric data were also recorded. Participants were randomly selected, and we finally had 2026 respondents aged ≥18 years (60% women, 40% men)...
February 15, 2018: Nutrients
John Wesley McWhorter, Margaret Raber, Shreela Sharma, Laura S Moore, Deanna Hoelscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
David A Cook, Dana K Andersen, John R Combes, David L Feldman, Ajit K Sachdeva
Simulation has become an integral part of physician education, and abundant evidence confirms that simulation-based education improves learners' skills and behaviors and is associated with improved patient outcomes. The resources required to implement simulation-based education, however, have led some stakeholders to question the overall value proposition of simulation-based education. This paper summarizes the information from a special panel on this topic and defines research priorities for the field. Future work should focus on both outcomes and costs, with robust measurement of resource investments, provider performance (in both simulation and real settings), patient outcomes, and impact on the health care organization...
February 13, 2018: Surgery
Peymane Adab, Miranda J Pallan, Emma R Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew, Tim Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Joanne L Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan J Deeks, Joan L Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Eleanor McGee, Kiya Hurley, James Martin, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore, K K Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a school and family based healthy lifestyle programme (WAVES intervention) compared with usual practice, in preventing childhood obesity. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: UK primary schools from the West Midlands. PARTICIPANTS: 200 schools were randomly selected from all state run primary schools within 35 miles of the study centre (n=980), oversampling those with high minority ethnic populations...
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Germano Gallicchio, Andrew Cooke, Christopher Ring
Eye-tracking research has revealed that, compared to novices, experts make longer ocular fixations on the target of an action when performing motor skills; that is, they have a longer quiet eye. Remarkably, the reason why a longer quiet eye aids movement has yet to be established. There is a need for interdisciplinary research and new measures to accelerate progress on the mechanistic understanding of the phenomenon. With the aim to provide researchers with new tools, we assessed the utility of electrooculography (EOG) to examine ocular activity while 10 experts and 10 novices putted golf balls...
February 9, 2018: Psychophysiology
Becca L Gas, EeeLN H Buckarma, David A Cook, David R Farley, Martin V Pusic
PURPOSE: To determine if "chronometric pressure" (i.e., a verbal prompt to increase speed) could predictably alter medical learners' speed-accuracy trade-off during a simulated surgical task, thus modifying the challenge. METHOD: The authors performed a single-task, interrupted time-series study, enrolling surgery residents and medical students from two institutions in September and October 2015. Participants completed ten repetitions of a simulated blood vessel ligation (placement of two ligatures 1 cm apart)...
February 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
David Noakes, David Pittaway, Graham 'Nick' Nicholson, Jerry Cook
A widely respected veterinary surgeon and an innovator within the profession, Michael Pittaway was also a man of great charm and huge energy, who applied his skills across a wide range of interests.
January 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Chad Cook, Rogelio A Coronado, Janet Prvu Bettger, James E Graham
BACKGROUND: As defined by Medicare (United States), post-acute rehabilitation services include care provided in inpatient rehabilitation units and facilities, skilled nursing facilities, long-term acute hospitals, and by home health services. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the use of rehabilitation-based post-acute services among Medicare beneficiaries who were hospitalized for lumbar spinal fusion (ICD-9-CM procedure codes 81.04-81.08) in 2012-2014, examined the case-mix for those discharged to rehabilitation- and non-rehabilitation based services, and determined the association between these categories of discharge disposition and 30-day rehospitalization...
April 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Orii McDermott, Georgina Charlesworth, Eef Hogervorst, Charlotte Stoner, Esme Moniz-Cook, Aimee Spector, Emese Csipke, Martin Orrell
OBJECTIVES: Over the last 10 years there has been a multitude of studies of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia. However, clinical services face a dilemma about which intervention should be introduced into clinical practice because of the inconsistency in some of the findings between different studies and the differences in the study qualities and trustworthiness of evidence. There was a need to provide a comprehensive summary of the best evidence to illustrate what works...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Carolyne Ajema, Charity Mbugua, Peter Memiah, Camille Wood, Courtney Cook, Ronald Kotut, Lina Digolo
Purpose: Child sexual abuse and HIV are key health challenges in Kenya. In 2015, LVCT Health conducted a study aimed at assessing the quality of HIV-related services offered to child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities. Materials and methods: A qualitative data collection approach was utilized. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 31 providers. Quantitative methods included a retrospective review of 164 records of child survivors of rape who had accessed services 6 months prior to the commencement of the study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Nimesh D Naik, Eduardo F Abbott, Becca L Gas, Brittany L Murphy, David R Farley, David A Cook
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery encourages graduating medical students to prepare for surgical residency before day 1. We sought to determine the impact of personalized video feedback on an advance preparation task. METHODS: We conducted a nonrandomized study comparing video feedback versus no feedback. We sent incoming surgical interns a preparatory package 2 months before starting residency. Trainees video-recorded themselves performing a subcuticular wound closure, 3 times at 3-week intervals, and submitted these for appraisal...
December 27, 2017: Surgery
Francine Overcash, Allison Ritter, Traci Mann, Elton Mykerezi, Joseph Redden, Aaron Rendahl, Zata Vickers, Marla Reicks
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a vegetable-focused cooking skills and nutrition program on parent and child psychosocial measures, vegetable liking, variety, and home availability. DESIGN: Baseline and postcourse surveys collected 1-week after the course. SETTING: Low-income communities in Minneapolis-St Paul. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child dyads (n = 89; one third each Hispanic, African American, and white) with complete pre-post course data; flyer and e-mail recruitment...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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