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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898697/risk-of-death-influences-regional-variation-in-intensive-care-unit-admission-rates-among-the-elderly-in-the-united-states
#1
Colin R Cooke
RATIONALE: The extent to which geographic variability in ICU admission across the United States is driven by patients with lower risk of death is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients at low to moderate risk of death contribute to geographic variation in ICU admission. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of hospitalizations among Medicare beneficiaries (age > 64 years) admitted for ten common medical and surgical diagnoses (2004 to 2009)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885750/they-re-nice-and-neat-but-are-they-useful-a-grounded-theory-of-clinical-psychologists-beliefs-about-and-use-of-nice-guidelines
#2
Alex John Court, Anne Cooke, Amanda Scrivener
Guidelines are ubiquitous but inconsistently used in UK mental health services. Clinical psychologists are often influential in guideline development and implementation, but opinion within the profession is divided. This study utilized grounded theory methodology to examine clinical psychologists' beliefs about and use of NICE guidelines. Eleven clinical psychologists working in the NHS were interviewed. The overall emerging theme was; NICE guidelines are considered to have benefits but to be fraught with dangers...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882266/community-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-their-effects-on-confidence-and-eating-behaviour
#3
REVIEW
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Matthew McDonald, Elisa J Vargas-Garcia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Community-based interventions aiming to improve cooking skills are a popular strategy to promote healthy eating. We reviewed current evidence on the effectiveness of these interventions on different confidence aspects and fruit and vegetable intake. RECENT FINDINGS: Evaluation of cooking programmes consistently report increased confidence in cooking skills in adults across different age groups and settings. The effectiveness of these programmes on modifying eating behaviour is less consistent, but small increases in self-reported consumption of fruit and vegetables are also described...
2016: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872273/-what-s-cooking-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-head-start-parent-child-pilot-cooking-program
#4
M Elizabeth Miller, Julia L Kaesberg, Victoria B Thompson, Rachel A Wyand
Providing access to nutritious foods is crucial for low-income populations, but increasing nutrition-related skills and attitudes such as food preparation, feeding practices, and positive perceptions around healthy foods to establish sustainable behavior change are paramount for the development of healthy lifestyles. This qualitative study was designed to evaluate the What's Cooking pilot program. A total of 15 participants were recruited from two Head Start schools through flyers, text messages, and e-mails...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853832/old-drugs-with-new-skills-fenoprofen-as-an-allosteric-enhancer-at-melanocortin-receptor-3
#5
Trinidad Montero-Melendez, Rachel A E Forfar, Jennifer M Cook, Jeffrey C Jerman, Debra L Taylor, Mauro Perretti
The efficiency of drug research and development has paradoxically declined over the last decades despite major scientific and technological advances, promoting new cost-effective strategies such as drug repositioning by systematic screening for new actions of known drugs. Here, we performed a screening for positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) at melanocortin (MC) receptors. The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug fenoprofen, but not the similar compound ibuprofen, presented PAM activity at MC3, MC4, and MC5 receptors...
November 16, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842556/learning-cooking-skills-at-different-ages-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Lynsey Hollywood, Laura McGowan, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Cooking skills are increasingly included in strategies to prevent and reduce chronic diet-related diseases and obesity. While cooking interventions target all age groups (Child, Teen and Adult), the optimal age for learning these skills on: 1) skills retention, 2) cooking practices, 3) cooking attitudes, 4) diet quality and 5) health is unknown. Similarly, although the source of learning cooking skills has been previously studied, the differences in learning from these different sources has not been considered...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836830/using-alcohol-unit-marked-glasses-enhances-capacity-to-monitor-intake-evidence-from-a-mixed-method-intervention-trial
#7
Richard de Visser, Clare Brown, Richard Cooke, Greg Cooper, Anjum Memon
AIMS: In the UK, people tend to have poor knowledge of government guidelines for alcohol use, and lack the motivation and skills required to use them to monitor their drinking. The study aim was to determine whether using glasses marked with such guidelines would improve knowledge and attitudes, increase frequency of counting units and lower alcohol intake. METHODS: A total of 450 adults in the UK participated in an intervention vs control study with 1-month follow-up...
November 10, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829398/food-safety-knowledge-of-undergraduate-students-at-a-canadian-university-results-of-an-online-survey
#8
Sarah M Courtney, Shannon E Majowicz, Joel A Dubin
BACKGROUND: Foodborne diseases are an important public health issue, and young adults are an important demographic to target with food safety education. Our objective was to assess the food safety knowledge of undergraduate students at a Canadian university, to identify potential areas for such education. METHODS: In February 2015, we conducted an online survey of 485 undergraduate students at a university in Ontario, Canada. We assessed various food-related factors, including cooking frequency and prior food handling or preparation education...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791220/food-accessibility-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-elderly-people-living-alone-in-japan
#9
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, T Nakaya, Y Fukuda, Y Takemi, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVES: This aim of this study was to describe the association between shopping difficulty and food accessibility for elderly people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectoral, multilevel survey was designed to measure shopping difficulty from a food accessibility perspective. The questionnaire was distributed by mail. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A geographic information system was used to select the sample: it identified the proximity of elderly people living alone to a supermarket...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782841/the-influence-of-socio-demographic-psychological-and-knowledge-related-variables-alongside-perceived-cooking-and-food-skills-abilities-in-the-prediction-of-diet-quality-in-adults-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#10
Laura McGowan, Gerda K Pot, Alison M Stephen, Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Monique Raats, Lynsey Hollywood, Dawn McDowell, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase cooking skills (CS) and food skills (FS) as a route to improving overall diet are popular within public health. This study tested a comprehensive model of diet quality by assessing the influence of socio-demographic, knowledge- and psychological-related variables alongside perceived CS and FS abilities. The correspondence of two measures of diet quality further validated the Eating Choices Index (ECI) for use in quantitative research. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a quota-controlled nationally representative sample of 1049 adults aged 20-60 years drawn from the Island of Ireland...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779904/food-and-culinary-knowledge-and-skills-perceptions-of-undergraduate-dietetic-students
#11
Marcia J Cooper, Leanne Mezzabotta, Joseph Murphy
PURPOSE: The objective of the current study was to examine food and culinary skills and knowledge of dietetic students. METHODS: An online bilingual survey was created using Survey Monkey(TM) to explore the skills, knowledge, and perceptions of undergraduate dietetic students regarding food and cooking. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to compare skills and knowledge of food and culinary concepts. RESULTS: The final sample included second- (n = 22) and third-year (n = 22) students within the Baccalauréat specialisé en sciences de la nutrition program at the University of Ottawa...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764897/the-barriers-and-enablers-of-healthy-eating-among-young-adults-a-missing-piece-of-the-obesity-puzzle-a-scoping-review
#12
A E Munt, S R Partridge, M Allman-Farinelli
Young adults in Western countries are gaining weight faster than their parents and are more likely to gain weight than any other age cohort. Despite this, investigation into the complex young adults' food choice motives, which enable and prevent healthy eating, has not been widely investigated. A scoping review was conducted involving an extensive literature search of four major electronic databases: Medline, Embase, PsychInfo and CINAHL. Data were collected from 34 articles: study descriptions numerically analysed and key findings thematically analysed...
October 20, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737771/factors-influencing-mothers-decisions-on-whether-to-provide-seafood-during-early-years-feeding-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sharon A Carstairs, Leone C A Craig, Debbi Marais, Kirsty Kiezebrink
The first year of a child's life is a key period of transition from an exclusive milk diet to solid foods to meet growing nutritional demands. An increased requirement for nutrients includes the introduction of protein-rich solid foods, such as seafood, which additionally provides valuable omega-3 fatty acids. However, consumption of seafood is low in the British child population. The aim of this study was to identify maternal perceptions of the factors that can influence the decision on whether to provide seafood during early years' feeding using a multi-method qualitative study design...
October 11, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730109/early-mobilization-of-critically-ill-adults-a-survey-of-knowledge-perceptions-and-practices-of-canadian-physicians-and-physiotherapists
#14
Karen K Y Koo, Karen Choong, Deborah J Cook, Margaret Herridge, Anastasia Newman, Vincent Lo, Gordon Guyatt, Fran Priestap, Eileen Campbell, Karen E A Burns, FranÇois Lamontagne, Maureen O Meade
BACKGROUND: The promotion of early mobilization following critical illness is tempered by national reports of patient and institutional barriers to this approach. We carried out a survey to assess current knowledge, perceptions and practices of Canadian physicians and physiotherapists with respect to acquired weakness and early mobilization in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, self-administered postal survey among critical care physicians and physiotherapists in all 46 academic ICUs in Canada in 2011-2012...
July 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720707/perspectives-on-learning-to-cook-and-public-support-for-cooking-education-policies-in-the-united-states-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Julia A Wolfson, Shannon Frattaroli, Sara N Bleich, Katherine Clegg Smith, Stephen P Teret
Declines in cooking skills in the United States may contribute to poor diet quality and high obesity rates. Little is known about how Americans learn to cook or their support for cooking education policies. The objective of this study was to examine how Americans learn to cook, attributions of responsibility for teaching children how to cook, and public support for policies to teach cooking skills. We used a concurrent, triangulation mixed-methods design that combined qualitative focus group data (from 7 focus groups in Baltimore, MD (N = 53)) with quantitative survey data from a nationally representative, web-based survey (N = 1112)...
October 5, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692630/employees-expectations-of-internet-based-workplace-interventions-promoting-the-mediterranean-diet-a-qualitative-study
#16
Angeliki Papadaki, Andreas Thanasoulias, Rachael Pound, Simon J Sebire, Russell Jago
OBJECTIVE: Explore employees' perceptions of ability to follow the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), preferences for setting goals if asked to follow the MedDiet, and expectations of an Internet-based, workplace MedDiet intervention. DESIGN: Seven focus groups to guide intervention development. SETTING: Four workplaces (business/professional services, government branches) in Southwest England. PARTICIPANTS: Employees (n = 29, 51...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679501/a-national-survey-of-practical-airway-training-in-uk-anaesthetic-departments-time-for-a-national-policy
#17
N H Lindkaer Jensen, T M Cook, F E Kelly
The Fourth National Audit Project (NAP4) recommended airway training for trainee and trained anaesthetists. As the skills required for management of airway emergencies differ from routine skills and these events are rare, practical training is likely to require training workshops. In 2013, we surveyed all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine the current practices regarding airway training workshops. We received responses from 206 hospitals (62%) covering all regions. Regarding airway workshops, 16% provide none and 51% only for trainees...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650661/-cooking-skills-and-consumption-of-ready-meal-in-university-students-of-barcelona-spain
#18
Pedro Sainz García, María Carmen Ferrer Svoboda, Emilia Sánchez Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: Confidence in cooking skills is relevant in health. The objective was to study the status of cooking skills and consumption of ready meal among university students in the city of Barcelona, assessing their association with sociodemographic variables and confidence in some culinary skills and knowing how to cook. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, carried out during the 2014-2015 academic year, 525 students (81.3% women, median age 21 years) using an on-line questionnaire...
2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592360/environmental-and-occupational-health-needs-assessment-in-west-africa-opportunities-for-research-and-training
#19
Edrisa Sanyang, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Marek A Mikulski, Thomas Cook, Rex A Kuye, Kristina Venzke, Laurence J Fuortes
OBJECTIVES: Data are lacking on environmental and occupational health risks and resources available for the prevention of related diseases in the West African subregion. METHODS: A needs assessment survey was conducted to identify environmental and occupational health concerns, and needs and strategies for skills training in the region. The survey was followed by a consensus-building workshop to discuss research and training priorities with representatives from countries participating in the study...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577015/anatomy-radiology-and-practical-procedure-education-for-foundation-doctors-in-england-a-national-observational-study
#20
Thomas L Lewis, Markus L Sagmeister, George W Miller, Matthew A Boissaud-Cooke, Peter H Abrahams
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns regarding the anatomy knowledge amongst medical school graduates and foundation doctors. Clinical procedures performed without relevant anatomical knowledge could result in serious harm to patients. The aim of this quantitative study was to assess education provision in the domains of anatomy, radiology and practical procedures for foundation year doctors during their first two years of training (FY1, FY2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey of acute hospital trusts in England was conducted...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
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