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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214519/detection-and-quantification-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-in-environmental-samples-a-review-of-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Gulshan Singh, Thor Axel Stenström, Poovendhree Reddy
It is estimated that over a billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) globally with majority occurring in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms (Anclostoma duodenale and Necator americanus) are the main species infecting people. These infections are mostly gained through exposure to faecally contaminated water, soil or contaminated food and with an increase in the risk of infections due to wastewater and sludge reuse in agriculture...
February 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208796/recent%C3%A2-trends%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-marine%C3%A2-phycotoxins%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-australian%C3%A2-coastal%C3%A2-waters
#2
Penelope Ajani, D Tim Harwood, Shauna A Murray
Phycotoxins, which are produced by harmful microalgae and bioaccumulate in the  marine food web, are of growing concern for Australia. These harmful algae pose a threat to  ecosystem and human health, as well as constraining the progress of aquaculture, one of the fastest  growing food sectors in the world. With better monitoring, advanced analytical skills and an  increase in microalgal expertise, many phycotoxins have been identified in Australian coastal  waters in recent years...
February 9, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197197/fine-motor-skill-training-enhances-functional-plasticity-of-the-corticospinal-tract-after-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Jian Liu, Xiao-Yu Yang, Wei-Wei Xia, Jian Dong, Mao-Guang Yang, Jian-Hang Jiao
Following central nervous system injury, axonal sprouts form distal to the injury site and extend into the denervated area, reconstructing neural circuits through neural plasticity. How to facilitate this plasticity has become the key to the success of central nervous system repair. It remains controversial whether fine motor skill training contributes to the recovery of neurological function after spinal cord injury. Therefore, we established a rat model of unilateral corticospinal tract injury using a pyramidal tract cutting method...
December 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187722/effectiveness-of-differing-levels-of-support-for-family-meals-on-obesity-prevention-among-head-start-preschoolers-the-simply-dinner-study
#4
Holly E Brophy-Herb, Mildred Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Jean Kerver, Niko Kaciroti, Mara Stein, Hannah Jong Lee, Brittany Motz, Sheilah Hebert, Erika Prine, Candace Gardiner, Laurie A Van Egeren, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Despite slight decreases in obesity prevalence in children, nearly 25% of preschool-aged children are overweight or obese. Most interventions focused on promoting family meals as an obesity-prevention strategy target meal planning skills, knowledge and modeling of healthy eating without addressing the practical resources that enable implementation of family meals. There is a striking lack of evidence about what level of resources low-income parents need to implement family meals...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178196/image-based-dietary-assessment-ability-of-dietetics-students-and-interns
#5
Erica Howes, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr, Emily J Tomayko, Mary Cluskey
Image-based dietary assessment (IBDA) may improve the accuracy of dietary assessments, but no formalized training currently exists for skills relating to IBDA. This study investigated nutrition and dietetics students' and interns' IBDA abilities, the training and experience factors that may contribute to food identification and quantification accuracy, and the perceived challenges to performing IBDA. An online survey containing images of known foods and serving sizes representing common American foods was used to assess the ability to identify foods and serving sizes...
February 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158208/energy-expenditure-in-caving
#6
Giorgia Antoni, Elisabetta Marini, Nicoletta Curreli, Valerio Tuveri, Ornella Comandini, Stefano Cabras, Silvia Gabba, Clelia Madeddu, Antonio Crisafulli, Andrea C Rinaldi
The aim of this study was to determine the energy expenditure of a group of cavers of both genders and different ages and experience during a 10 hour subterranean exploration, using portable metabolimeters. The impact of caving activity on body composition and hydration were also assessed through bioelectrical impedance, and nutritional habits of cavers surveyed. During cave activity, measured total energy expenditure (TEE) was in the range 225-287 kcal/h for women-men (MET = 4.1), respectively; subjects had an energy intake from food in the range 1000-1200 kcal, thus inadequate to restore lost calories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151831/the-nourishing-role-exploratory-qualitative-research-revealing-unmet-support-needs-in-family-carers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-and-eating-problems
#7
Jane B Hopkinson
BACKGROUND: Family carers of patients with advanced cancer living at home have an important role in providing the patient's food and drink. Little attention has been paid to the support needs, particularly of the nutrition needs, of family carers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report support needs of family carers of patients with advanced cancer and eating problems. METHODS: The research is an inductive secondary analysis of baseline interview data from an exploratory trial conducted in the south of England...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145738/influence-of-a-school-based-cooking-course-on-students-food-preferences-cooking-skills-and-confidence
#8
Rola Zahr, Lindiwe Sibeko
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to evaluate the influence of Project CHEF, a hands-on cooking and tasting program offered in Vancouver public schools, on students' food preferences, cooking skills, and confidence. Grade 4 and 5 students in an intervention group (n = 68) and a comparison group (n = 32) completed a survey at baseline and 2 to 3 weeks later. Students who participated in Project CHEF reported an increased familiarity and preference for the foods introduced through the program. This was statistically significant (P ≤ 0...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141731/growth-and-documentation-deficits-where-to-start-in-helping-families
#9
Wilhelmina Hernandez, Deborah A Frank, Samantha Morton, Carmen Palacios, Marilyn Augustyn
Pedro is a 2-year 7-month-old boy who was presented for the first time after a visit to a local emergency room (ER) for diarrhea. At the time of his birth, his undocumented mother, Clara, was 20 years old, uninsured, and with limited English proficiency living approximately 400 miles south of our practice in a different state. Although she had been brought to the United States as a child, she had never finished high school. Pedro was born what mother thought was full-term at his parent's home, where a lay midwife assisted during the delivery...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139425/factors-influencing-the-food-purchases-of-early-care-and-education-providers
#10
Jennifer J Otten, Tad Hirsch, Catherine Lim
BACKGROUND: With the majority of US children enrolled in some form of early care and education, the settings for early care and education represent a valuable opportunity to positively impact young children's diets and their interactions with food. Little evidence exists on how early care and education providers make food purchasing and service decisions for this population of young children. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the factors that influence early care and education providers' food purchasing and service decisions...
January 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131756/overweight-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients-a-problem-of-general-or-food-specific-impulsivity
#11
Natalie Deux, Angelika A Schlarb, Franziska Martin, Martin Holtmann, Johannes Hebebrand, Tanja Legenbauer
Adolescent psychiatric patients are vulnerable to weight problems and show an overrepresentation of overweight compared to the healthy population. One potential factor that can contribute to the etiology of overweight is higher impulsivity. As of yet, it is unclear whether it is a general impulse control deficit or weight-related aspects such as lower impulse control in response to food that have an impact on body weight. As this may have therapeutic implications, the current study investigated differences between overweight and non-overweight adolescent psychiatric inpatients (N = 98; aged 12-20) in relation to trait impulsivity and behavioral inhibition performance...
January 25, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131560/-eating-behavior-in-pediatric-obesity-of-the-advantages-of-combining-the-neurobiological-and-neuropsychological-approaches
#12
B Schoentgen, C Lancelot, D Le Gall
Obesity is currently considered a major public health concern, as shown by the growing number of people with excess weight, alarmingly in infants, and despite medical care. Many studies have underlined the reasons for medical care failure caused by an inability to sustain a resistant behavior towards palatable food (high sugar and fat content). Hence, previous research has highlighted connections between excessive eating behavior and the activity of neurotransmitters in brain areas involved in affective behavior and the reward circuit...
January 25, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127116/evidence-against-observational-spatial-memory-for-cache-locations-of-conspecifics-in-marsh-tits-poecile-palustris
#13
A Utku Urhan, Ellen Emilsson, Anders Brodin
ABSTRACT: Many species in the family Paridae, such as marsh tits Poecile palustris, are large-scale scatter hoarders of food that make cryptic caches and disperse these in large year-round territories. The perhaps most well-known species in the family, the great tit Parus major, does not store food itself but is skilled in stealing caches from the other species. We have previously demonstrated that great tits are able to memorise positions of caches they have observed marsh tits make and later return and steal the food...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#14
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101556/time-for-food-training-physiatrists-in-nutritional-prescription
#15
Rani Polak, Marie Dacey, Edward M Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Sub-optimal nutrition is a leading factor in all-cause mortality, the preponderance of non-communicable chronic diseases, and various health conditions that are treated by physiatrists, such as stroke and musculoske-letal disorders. Furthermore, patients with chronic pain have a high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies, and malnutrition has been associated with limited rehabilitation outcomes in elderly patients with hospital-associated deconditioning. Thus, physiatrists may find it valuable to include nutrition in their patient services...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#16
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087497/developing-nutrition-label-reading-skills-a-web-based-practice-approach
#17
Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Laurel A Beckett, Jacqueline J Bergman, Machelle D Wilson, Elizabeth A Applegate, Tanja N Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels offer the information needed to follow Dietary Guidelines for Americans, yet many individuals use labels infrequently or ineffectively due to limited comprehension and the effort required to use them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop and test a Web-based label-reading training tool to improve individuals' ability to use labels to select more healthful foods. We were particularly interested in determining whether practice can lead to increased accuracy using labels as well as decreased effort, together reflecting greater efficiency...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086870/a-pilot-study-of-a-community-health-agent-led-type-2-diabetes-self-management-program-using-motivational-interviewing-based-approaches-in-a-public-primary-care-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#18
Thais Moura Ribeiro do Valle Nascimento, Ken Resnicow, Marcia Nery, Alexandra Brentani, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Pooja Agrawal, Simanjit Mand, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Rates of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as type 2 diabetes are escalating in low and middle-income countries such as Brazil. Scalable primary care-based interventions are needed to improve self-management and clinical outcomes of adults with diabetes. This pilot study examines the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of training community health agents (CHAs) in Motivational Interviewing (MI)-based counseling for patients with poorly controlled diabetes in a primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049892/maintenance-of-clinical-expertise-and-clinical-research-by-the-clinical-professors-at-gifu-pharmaceutical-university
#19
Tomoya Tachi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
 The clinical professors at Gifu Pharmaceutical University (GPU) provide pharmaceutical services at GPU Pharmacy, Gifu University Hospital, and Gifu Municipal Hospital to keep their clinical skills up-to-date; they also perform clinical research in collaboration with many clinical institutes. The Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy is part of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, to which the clinical professors belong, and is composed of three clinical professors (a professor, an associate professor, and an assistant professor)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042039/the-photo-elicitation-of-food-worlds-a-study-on-the-eating-behaviors-of-low-socioeconomic-chilean-women
#20
Galvez E Patricia, Marcela Vizcarra, Ana María Palomino, Alejandra Valencia, Lorena Iglesias, Andiara Schwingel
Traditional methods for studying eating behaviors include quantitative methods such as 24-h dietary recalls or food frequency questionnaires. Recently, visual methods such as photo-elicitation (PE) have been recognized as useful for studying and understanding eating behaviors. PE has been defined as the use of images during an interview. The goals of this study are to demonstrate the potential of PE for exploring the eating behaviors of Chilean women of low socioeconomic status and to show the advantages and disadvantages of PE from the participants' points of view...
December 29, 2016: Appetite
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