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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918605/food-or-threat-wild-capuchin-monkeys-sapajus-libidinosus-as-both-predators-and-prey-of-snakes
#1
Tiago Falótico, Michele P Verderane, Olívia Mendonça-Furtado, Noemi Spagnoletti, Eduardo B Ottoni, Elisabetta Visalberghi, Patrícia Izar
Snakes present a hazard to primates, both as active predators and by defensive envenomation. This risk might have been a selective pressure on the evolution of primate visual and cognitive systems, leading to several behavioral traits present in human and non-human primates, such as the ability to quickly learn to fear snakes. Primates seldom prey on snakes, and humans are one of the few primate species that do. We report here another case, the wild capuchin monkey (Sapajus libidinosus), which preys on snakes...
September 16, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914660/mediterranean-diet-impact-on-cardiovascular-diseases-a-narrative-review
#2
Anna V Mattioli, Pasquale Palmiero, Olivia Manfrini, Paolo E Puddu, Savina Nodari, Alessandra Dei Cas, Giuseppe Mercuro, Domenico Scrutinio, Pietro Palermo, Susanna Sciomer, Simona Di Francesco, Giuseppina Novo, Salvatore Novo, Roberto F E Pedretti, Annapaola Zito, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pedrinelli, Alberto Farinetti, Maria Maiello, Federica Moscucci, Raffaele L Tenaglia, Vincenzo Sucato, Marco Triggiani, Lucia Cugusi, Pietro Scicchitano, Pier S Saba, Marco M Ciccone
: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more than 17 million deaths per year worldwide. It has been estimated that the influence of lifestyle on CVD mortality amounts to 13.7% for smoking, 13.2% for poor diet, and 12% for inactive lifestyle. These results deeply impact both the healthy status of individuals and their skills in working. The impact of CVD on productivity loss accounts for the 24% in total costs for CVD management.Mediterranean diet (MedD) can positively impact on natural history of CVD. It is characterized by a relatively high consumption of inexpensive and genuine food such as cereals, vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, fresh fruits, and olive oil as the principal source of fat, low meat consumption and low-to-moderate consumption of milk, dairy products, and wine...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912107/a-short-food-literacy-questionnaire-sflq-for-adults-findings-from-a-swiss-validation-study
#3
Corinna Gréa Krause, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Katrin Sommerhalder, Stefanie Hayoz, Thomas Abel
The short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) was developed to measure a broad range of skills including functional, interactive, and critical elements of FL. This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Exploratory factor analysis showed a unidimensional structure of the final 12-item questionnaire...
September 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902480/the-ontario-food-and-nutrition-strategy-identifying-indicators-of-food-access-and-food-literacy-for-early-monitoring-of-the-food-environment
#4
Beatrice A Boucher, Elizabeth Manafò, Meaghan R Boddy, Lynn Roblin, Rebecca Truscott
INTRODUCTION: To address challenges Canadians face within their food environments, a comprehensive, multistakeholder, intergovernmental approach to policy development is essential. Food environment indicators are needed to assess population status and change. The Ontario Food and Nutrition Strategy (OFNS) integrates the food, agriculture and nutrition sectors, and aims to improve the health of Ontarians through actions that promote healthy food systems and environments. This report describes the process of identifying indicators for 11 OFNS action areas in two strategic directions (SDs): Healthy Food Access, and Food Literacy and Skills...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899234/a-youth-leader-program-in-baltimore-city-recreation-centers-lessons-learned-and-applications
#5
Angela C B Trude, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Cara Shipley, Pamela J Surkan, Priscila de Morais Sato, Tracey Estep, Stella Clanton, Lisa Lachenmayr, Joel Gittelsohn
Peer-led interventions may be an effective means of addressing the childhood obesity epidemic; however, few studies have looked at the long-term sustainability of such programs. As part of a multilevel obesity prevention intervention, B'More Healthy Communities for Kids, 16 Baltimore college students were trained as youth-leaders (YLs) to deliver a skill-based nutrition curriculum to low-income African American children (10-14 years old). In April 2015, formative research was used to inform sustainability of the YL program in recreation centers...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890587/the-swedish-communicative-development-inventory-iii-parent-reports-on-language-in-preschool-children
#6
Mårten Eriksson
A revised form of MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory III (SCDI-III) was presented designed for Swedish speaking children aged 2 years 6 months-4 years 0 months with the objective to give a proxy measure of their language competence. The instrument contains a vocabulary checklist with 100 words, mainly predicates, from four areas; Food words, Body words, Mental words and Emotion words. Two sections assess the child's grammar skills and a final section appraises the child's metalinguistic awareness...
September 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889854/the-association-between-consumer-competency-and-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participation-on-food-insecurity
#7
Yunhee Chang, Jinhee Kim, Swarn Chatterjee
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants exhibited lower food insecurity when they also demonstrated desirable behaviors in the areas of financial management, nutrition literacy, and conscientious food shopping. DESIGN: Using data from the US Department of Agriculture's newly launched National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey, this study examined whether consumer competency is a factor that affects food insecurity...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888928/an-update-on-new-and-unique-uses-of-botulinum-toxin-in-movement-disorders
#8
Joseph Jankovic
The therapeutic applications of botulinum toxin (BoNT) have grown manifold since its initial approval in 1989 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, and other facial spasms. Although it is the most potent biologic toxin known to man, long-term studies have established its safety in the treatment of a variety of neurologic and non-neurologic disorders. This review focuses on some novel and uncommon uses of BoNT in the treatment of movement disorders, such as oromandibular dystonia, including bruxism, anterocollis, camptocormia, tremor, tics, tardive and levodopa-induced dyskinesia, and restless legs syndrome...
September 6, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887758/perceived-sodium-reduction-barriers-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-which-barriers-are-important-and-which-patients-experience-barriers
#9
Yvette Meuleman, Tiny Hoekstra, Friedo W Dekker, Paul J M van der Boog, Sandra van Dijk
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess the importance of perceived sodium reduction barriers among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify associated sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors. METHOD: A total of 156 patients with CKD completed a questionnaire assessing sodium reduction barriers (18 self-formulated items), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), perceived autonomy support (Modified Health Care Climate Questionnaire), and self-efficacy (Partners in Health Questionnaire)...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887566/the-syntactic-organization-of-pasta-eating-and-the-structure-of-reach-movements-in-the-head-fixed-mouse
#10
Ian Q Whishaw, Jamshid Faraji, Jessica R Kuntz, Behroo Mirza Agha, Gerlinde A S Metz, Majid H Mohajerani
Mice are adept in the use of their hands for activities such as feeding, which has led to their use in investigations of the neural basis of skilled-movements. We describe the syntactic organization of pasta-eating and the structure of hand movements used for pasta manipulation by the head-fixed mouse. An ethogram of mice consuming pieces of spaghetti reveals that they eat in bite/chew bouts. A bout begins with pasta lifted to the mouth and then manipulated with hand movements into a preferred orientation for biting...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878997/social-learning-in-otters
#11
Zosia Ladds, William Hoppitt, Neeltje J Boogert
The use of information provided by others to tackle life's challenges is widespread, but should not be employed indiscriminately if it is to be adaptive. Evidence is accumulating that animals are indeed selective and adopt 'social learning strategies'. However, studies have generally focused on fish, bird and primate species. Here we extend research on social learning strategies to a taxonomic group that has been neglected until now: otters (subfamily Lutrinae). We collected social association data on captive groups of two gregarious species: smooth-coated otters (Lutrogale perspicillata), known to hunt fish cooperatively in the wild, and Asian short-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus), which feed individually on prey requiring extractive foraging behaviours...
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870208/the-role-of-self-regulatory-skills-and-automaticity-on-the-effectiveness-of-a-brief-weight-loss-habit-based-intervention-secondary-analysis-of-the-10-top-tips-randomised-trial
#12
Nathalie Kliemann, Victoria Vickerstaff, Helen Croker, Fiona Johnson, Irwin Nazareth, Rebecca J Beeken
BACKGROUND: Habit-interventions are designed to promote the automaticity of healthy behaviours and may also enhance self-regulatory skills during the habit-formation process. A recent trial of habit-based advice for weight loss (10 Top Tips; 10TT), found that patients allocated to 10TT lost significantly more weight over 3 months than those allocated to usual care, and reported greater increases in automaticity for the target behaviours. The current study aimed to test the hypothesis that i) 10TT increased self-regulatory skills more than usual care, and ii) that self-regulatory skills and automaticity changes mediated the effect of 10TT on weight loss...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865452/the-development-and-validation-of-measures-to-assess-cooking-skills-and-food-skills
#13
Fiona Lavelle, Laura McGowan, Lynsey Hollywood, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: With the increase use of convenience food and eating outside the home environment being linked to the obesity epidemic, the need to assess and monitor individuals cooking and food skills is key to help intervene where necessary to promote the usage of these skills. Therefore, this research aimed to develop and validate a measure for cooking skills and one for food skills, that are clearly described, relatable, user-friendly, suitable for different types of studies, and applicable across all sociodemographic levels...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857604/kea-nestor-notabilis-decide-early-when-to-wait-in-food-exchange-task
#14
Raoul Schwing, Stefan Weber, Thomas Bugnyar
The ability to forego an immediate reward in favor of a bigger or better one at a later point has been linked with advanced cognitive skills, such as impulse control and forward-planning, and can be assessed by the classic food exchange paradigm. While the ability to perform in such tasks has long been regarded as an exclusive trait of humans and some mammals, that is, primates and dogs, in recent years some bird species have been found to perform similarly as primates. Here we test 10 captive kea (Nestor notabilis), using a food exchange paradigm standardized in earlier experiments, but adding the use of a container to hold the initial item...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854594/transparent-collaboration-between-industry-and-academia-can-serve-unmet-patient-need-and-contribute-to-reproductive-public-health
#15
Thomas D'Hooghe
The pharmaceutical and device industry has greatly contributed to diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in reproductive medicine in a very highly regulated environment, ensuring that development and manufacturing follow the highest standards. In spite of these achievements, collaboration between industry and physicians/academia is often presented in a negative context. However, today more than ever, partnership between industry and academia is needed to shorten the timeline between innovation and application, and to achieve faster access to better diagnostics, drugs and devices for the benefit of patients and society, based on complementary knowledge, skills and expertise...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851398/exploring-the-dynamics-of-food-related-policymaking-processes-and-evidence-use-in-fiji-using-systems-thinking
#16
Gade Waqa, Marj Moodie, Wendy Snowdon, Catherine Latu, Jeremaia Coriakula, Steven Allender, Colin Bell
BACKGROUND: Obesity and non-communicable diseases are significant public health issues globally and particularly in the Pacific. Poor diet is a major contributor to this issue and policy change is a powerful lever to improve food security and diet quality. This study aims to apply systems thinking to identify the causes and consequences of poor evidence use in food-related policymaking in selected government ministries in Fiji and to illicit strategies to strengthen the use of evidence in policymaking...
August 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841892/the-impact-of-financial-incentives-on-participants-food-purchasing-patterns-in-a-supermarket-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Dana Lee Olstad, David A Crawford, Gavin Abbott, Sarah A McNaughton, Ha Nd Le, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Christina Pollard, Kylie Ball
BACKGROUND: The impacts of supermarket-based nutrition promotion interventions might be overestimated if participants shift their proportionate food purchasing away from their usual stores. This study quantified whether participants who received price discounts on fruits and vegetables (FV) in the Supermarket Healthy Eating for Life (SHELf) randomized controlled trial (RCT) shifted their FV purchasing into study supermarkets during the intervention period. METHODS: Participants were 642 females randomly assigned to a 1) skill-building (n = 160), 2) price reduction (n = 161), 3) combined skill-building and price reduction (n = 160), or 4) control (n = 161) group...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837103/activities-participation-and-quality-of-life-concepts-in-children-and-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Sonya Meyer, Sara Rosenblum
Celiac disease (CD) is a food-related chronic condition and adherence to a strict gluten-free diet is the only available treatment. Adherence to the restrictive diet is challenging among children, especially adolescents. The aim was to describe existing knowledge about food-related activities, participation, and quality of life in daily life among children and adolescents with CD and to illuminate gaps in knowledge. The scoping review methodology was applied and literature searches were conducted in electronic databases...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783108/professionals-recommended-strategies-to-improve-australian-adolescents-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#19
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: Education and policy measures within schools are valuable strategies to promote health. This study explored views of experienced food-related educators, researchers and policy-makers regarding their recommended strategies to improve Australian adolescents' knowledge of nutrition and food systems (N&FS). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-one experienced food-related experts from across Australia. Interviews were conducted either by telephone or face-to-face...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782997/pathogen-decontamination-of-food-crop-soil-a-review
#20
Joshua B Gurtler
The purpose of this review is to delineate means of decontaminating soil. This information might be used to mitigate soil-associated risks of foodborne pathogens. The majority of the research in the published literature involves inactivation of plant pathogens in soil, i.e., those pathogens harmful to fruit and vegetable production and ornamental plants. Very little has been published regarding the inactivation of foodborne human pathogens in crop soil. Nevertheless, because decontamination techniques for plant pathogens might also be useful methods for eliminating foodborne pathogens, this review also includes inactivation of plant pathogens, with appropriate discussion and comparisons, in the hopes that these methods may one day be validated against foodborne pathogens...
September 2017: Journal of Food Protection
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