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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#1
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404818/quantitative-abilities-in-a-reptile-podarcis-sicula
#2
Maria Elena Miletto Petrazzini, Isabel Fraccaroli, Francesco Gariboldi, Christian Agrillo, Angelo Bisazza, Cristiano Bertolucci, Augusto Foà
The ability to identify the largest amount of prey available is fundamental for optimizing foraging behaviour in several species. To date, this cognitive skill has been observed in all vertebrate groups except reptiles. In this study we investigated the spontaneous ability of ruin lizards to select the larger amount of food items. In Experiment 1, lizards proved able to select the larger food item when presented with two alternatives differing in size (0.25, 0.50, 0.67 and 0.75 ratio). In Experiment 2 lizards presented with two groups of food items (1 versus 4, 2 versus 4, 2 versus 3 and 3 versus 4 items) were unable to select the larger group in any contrast...
April 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402414/inter-sectoral-transfer-of-the-food-for-life-settings-framework-in-england
#3
Selena Gray, Matthew Jones, Robin Means, Judy Orme, Hannah Pitt, Debra Salmon
Organisational settings such as schools, workplaces and hospitals are well recognised as key environments for health promotion. Whilst there is extensive literature on specific types of settings, little empirical research has investigated the transfer of frameworks between sectors. This study analyses Food for Life, an England-wide healthy and sustainable food programme that evolved in schools and is being adapted for children's centres, universities, care homes, and hospital settings. Following a case study design, we interviewed 85 stakeholders in nine settings...
April 11, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394736/what-do-providers-want-to-know-about-opioid-prescribing-a-qualitative-analysis-of-their-questions
#4
Phoebe A Cushman, Jane M Liebschutz, Joseph G Hodgkin, Christopher W Shanahan, Julie L White, Ilana Hardesty, Daniel P Alford
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) responded to the opioid crisis with a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy, requiring manufacturers of extended-release/long-acting opioids to fund continuing medical education based on the "FDA Blueprint for Prescriber Education." Topics in the Blueprint are "Assessing Patients for Treatment," "Initiating Therapy, Modifying Dosing, and Discontinuing Use," "Managing Therapy," "Counseling Patients and Caregivers about Safe Use," "General Drug Information," and "Specific Drug Information...
April 10, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390403/farm-fresh-foods-for-healthy-kids-f3hk-an-innovative-community-supported-agriculture-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-in-low-income-families-and-strengthen-local-agricultural-economies
#5
Rebecca A Seguin, Emily H Morgan, Karla L Hanson, Alice S Ammerman, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Florence A Becot, Leah M Connor, Jennifer A Garner, Jared T McGuirt
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity persists in the United States and is associated with serious health problems. Higher rates of obesity among children from disadvantaged households may be, in part, attributable to disparities in access to healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Community supported agriculture can improve access to and consumption of fresh produce, but the upfront payment structure, logistical barriers, and unfamiliarity with produce items may inhibit participation by low-income families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386304/results-of-a-pilot-intervention-in-food-shelves-to-improve-healthy-eating-and-cooking-skills-among-adults-experiencing-food-insecurity
#6
Caitlin Eicher Caspi, Cynthia Davey, Robin Friebur, Marilyn S Nanney
Since the start of the 2007 economic downturn, reliance on emergency food assistance suppliers (e.g., food pantries, also known as food shelves) has increased. Many food shelves strive to provide effective nutrition programs to serve their clients, even while they are faced with a scarcity of resources. Rigorous evaluation of the impact of such programming on dietary outcomes is, therefore, warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot cooking and nutrition education intervention among food shelf clients...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376310/improving-patient-s-home-cooking-a-case-series-of-participation-in-a-remote-culinary-coaching-program
#7
Rani Polak, David M Pober, Maggi A Budd, Julie K Silver, Edward M Phillips, Martin J Abrahamson
This case series describes and examines the outcomes of a remote culinary coaching program, aimed at improving nutrition through home cooking. Participants (n=4) improved attitudes about the perceived ease of home cooking (p<0.01) and self-efficacy to perform various culinary skills (p=0.02); and also in confidence to continue e-learning culinary skills and consume healthier food. We believe this program might be a viable response to the need for effective and scalable health related culinary interventions...
April 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375186/evaluation-of-the-eat-better-feel-better-cooking-programme-to-tackle-barriers-to-healthy-eating
#8
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Elizabeth Hammond, Alison Parrett, Anne Gebbie-Diben
We evaluated a 6-week community-based cooking programme, "Eat Better Feel Better", aimed at tackling barriers to cooking and healthy eating using a single-group repeated measures design. 117 participants enrolled, 62 completed baseline and post-intervention questionnaires, and 17 completed these and a 3-4 months follow-up questionnaire. Most participants were female, >45 years, and socioeconomically deprived. Confidence constructs changed positively from baseline to post-intervention (medians, scale 1 "not confident" to 7 "very confident"): "cooking using raw ingredients" (4, 6 p < 0...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373062/a-summer-health-program-for-african-american-high-school-students-in-baltimore-maryland-community-partnership-for-integrative-health
#9
Beverly Pierce, Brandin Bowden, Molly McCullagh, Alica Diehl, Zachary Chissell, Rebecca Rodriguez, Brian M Berman, Christopher R D Adamo
CONTEXT: Physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and chronic stress threaten the health of African-American youth in urban environments. Conditions often worsen in summer with diminished access to healthy foods and safe venues for physical activity. OBJECTIVE: A public-private partnership was formed to develop and evaluate an integrative health intervention entitled "Mission Thrive Summer" (MTS). METHODS: The MTS setting was an urban farm and adjacent school in a low-income community in Baltimore, Maryland...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368321/sport-nutrition-knowledge-behaviors-and-beliefs-of-high-school-soccer-players
#10
Melinda M Manore, Megan M Patton-Lopez, Yu Meng, Siew Sun Wong
For adolescent athletes (14-18 years), data on sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs are limited, especially based on sex, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. High school soccer players (n = 535; 55% female; 51% White, 41% Latino; 41% National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants (80% Latino)) completed two questionnaires (demographic/health history and sport nutrition). The sport nutrition knowledge score was 45.6% with higher scores in NSLP-Whites vs. NSLP-Latinos (p < 0.01). Supplement knowledge differed by sex (16% lower in females; p = 0...
April 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#11
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352509/evaluating-the-ability-of-the-pbs-children-s-show-daniel-tiger-s-neighborhood-to-teach-skills-to-two-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Wesley H Dotson, Eric E Rasmussen, Autumn Shafer, Malinda Colwell, Rebecca L Densley, Adam T Brewer, Marisol C Alonzo, Laura A Martinez
Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood is a children's television show incorporating many elements of video modeling, an intervention that can teach skills to children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study evaluated the impact of watching Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood episodes on the accurate performance of trying new foods and stopping play politely with two five-year-old children with ASD. Both children showed improved performance of skills only following exposure to episodes of Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood, suggesting that watching episodes can help children with ASD learn specific skills...
March 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337847/efficacy-of-environmental-and-acceptance-based-enhancements-to-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-the-enact-trial
#13
Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman, Michael R Lowe, Amy A Gorin, Fengqing Zhang, Katherine Schaumberg
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare weight loss through a traditional behavioral treatment (BT) approach that integrated skills for managing the obesogenic food environment (BT + E) with an approach that integrated environmental and acceptance-based skills (BT + EA). Moderators were examined as an exploratory aim. METHODS: Adults (N = 283) were randomly assigned to treatment condition and provided with 26 group-based sessions over the course of 12 months...
March 23, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336913/fission-fusion-dynamics-over-large-distances-in-raven-non-breeders
#14
Matthias-Claudio Loretto, Richard Schuster, Christian Itty, Pascal Marchand, Fulvio Genero, Thomas Bugnyar
The influence of fission-fusion dynamics, i.e., temporal variation in group size and composition, on social complexity has been studied in large-brained mammals that rely on social bonds. Little is known about birds, even though some species like ravens have recently received attention for their socio-cognitive skills and use of social bonds. While raven breeders defend territories year-round, non-breeders roam through large areas and form groups at food sources or night roosts. We here examined the fission-fusion patterns of non-breeding ravens over years, investigating whether birds meet repeatedly either at the same or at different locations...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330707/structure-based-feeding-strategies-a-key-component-of-child-nutrition
#15
Maija B Taylor, Elizabeth Emley, Mercedes Pratt, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between structure, autonomy promotion, and control feeding strategies and parent-reported child diet. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 497) were parents of children ages 2.5 to 7.5 recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk. This sample was a Caucasian (79%), educated sample (61% college graduates) with most reports from mothers (76%). METHODS AND MEASURES: Online survey including measures of parent feeding strategies and child dietary intake...
March 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325973/building-a-database-for-long-term-monitoring-of-benthic-macrofauna-in-the-pertuis-charentais-2004-2014
#16
Anne S Philippe, Christine Plumejeaud-Perreau, Jérôme Jourde, Philippe Pineau, Nicolas Lachaussée, Emmanuel Joyeux, Frédéric Corre, Philippe Delaporte, Pierrick Bocher
BACKGROUND: Long-term benthic monitoring is rewarding in terms of science, but labour-intensive, whether in the field, the laboratory, or behind the computer. Building and managing databases require multiple skills, including consistency over time as well as organisation via a systematic approach. Here, we introduce and share our spatially explicit benthic database, comprising 11 years of benthic data. It is the result of intensive benthic sampling that has been conducted on a regular grid (259 stations) covering the intertidal mudflats of the Pertuis-Charentais (Marennes-Oléron Bay and Aiguillon Bay)...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321849/associations-between-household-food-insecurity-in-early-childhood-and-children-s-kindergarten-skills
#17
Anna D Johnson, Anna J Markowitz
Using nationally representative data on a recent birth cohort of U.S.-born children in low-income households (n = 2,800-3,700), this study investigates associations between the timing and intensity of early childhood food insecurity and children's kindergarten reading, math, and social-emotional outcomes. Descriptive patterns reveal that approximately 20% of low-income 0- to 5-year-old children reside in food-insecure households. Food insecurity experienced during early childhood is unfavorably associated with social-emotional outcomes in kindergarten, controlling for household income and prior assessments of child social-emotional skills...
March 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318292/from-play-to-proficiency-the-ontogeny-of-stone-tool-use-in-coastal-foraging-long-tailed-macaques-macaca-fascicularis-from-a-comparative-perception-action-perspective
#18
Amanda W Y Tan
Macaques crack shellfish in coastal environments with specialized stone-hammering techniques. I provide the first examination of skill development from 866 object-manipulation and 7,400 tool-use bouts, collected over 15 months, using longitudinal analyses of infants' object manipulation (N = 7) and cross-sectional comparisons of manipulative and tool-use behavior (N = 69). I adopt a Perception-action approach, examining how the emergence of actions on objects relate to the spatial-relational and percussive challenges of tool use...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315885/advancement-in-texture-in-early-complementary-feeding-and-the-relevance-to-developmental-outcomes
#19
Jordan R Green, Meg Simione, Benjamin Le Révérend, Erin M Wilson, Brian Richburg, Marc Alder, Mirna Del Valle, Chrystel Loret
A child's transition to independent eating is a protracted process that progresses over the course of many years. Although major health agencies, such as the World Health Organization, now offer clear guidance when to begin introducing solids, advice about how to safely transition to progressively challenging foods is varied and comes from a staggering number of sources. The resulting conflicting views have promoted parental confusion and anxiety about what foods are appropriate and when to advance to new textures...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315883/complementary-foods-guidelines-and-practices
#20
Merryn J Netting, Maria Makrides
Complementary feeding, the transition from a breast milk-based diet to inclusion of other sources of nutrition in an infant's diet, is a major milestone in infant development. This transition period is important as it is a time when infants are vulnerable to developing nutritional deficiencies and occurs during a developmental stage when important food-related behavioral patterns are being established. As under- and overnutrition may coexist in children from the same country, it is important that advice provided by complementary feeding guidelines meets the needs of all children helping them to grow and develop into healthy adults...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
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