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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900514/process-evaluation-of-a-community-garden-at-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#1
Brandy-Joe Milliron, Mara Z Vitolins, Elizabeth Gamble, Robert Jones, Margaret C Chenault, Janet A Tooze
In addition to expediting patient recovery, community gardens that are associated with medical facilities can provide fresh produce to patients and their families, serve as a platform for clinic-based nutrition education, and help patients develop new skills and insights that can lead to positive health behavior change. While community gardening is undergoing resurgence, there is a strong need for evaluation studies that employ valid and reliable measures. The objective of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of a community garden program at an urban medical clinic to estimate the prevalence of patient awareness and participation, food security, barriers to participation, and personal characteristics; garden volunteer satisfaction; and clinic staff perspectives in using the garden for patient education/treatment...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893940/community-healthcare-professionals-overestimate-the-risk-of-fatal-anaphylaxis-for-food-allergic-children
#2
H J Hanna, J Emmanuel, S Naim, T Umasunthar, R J Boyle
BACKGROUND: Fatal food anaphylaxis is rare, but a major concern for people with food allergy and their carers. We evaluated whether community healthcare professionals accurately estimate risk of fatal anaphylaxis for food allergic children, and whether accurate risk estimation is related to competence in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis. METHODS: We enrolled 90 community healthcare professionals in a cross-sectional survey - 30 primary care nurses, 30 school first aiders, 30 community pharmacists...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885519/domestic-horses-send-signals-to-humans-when-they-face-with-an-unsolvable-task
#3
Monamie Ringhofer, Shinya Yamamoto
Some domestic animals are thought to be skilled at social communication with humans due to the process of domestication. Horses, being in close relationship with humans, similar to dogs, might be skilled at communication with humans. Previous studies have indicated that they are sensitive to bodily signals and the attentional state of humans; however, there are few studies that investigate communication with humans and responses to the knowledge state of humans. Our first question was whether and how horses send signals to their potentially helpful but ignorant caretakers in a problem-solving situation where a food item was hidden in a bucket that was accessible only to the caretakers...
November 24, 2016: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883046/holding-on-co-evolution-between-infant-carrying-and-grasping-behaviour-in-strepsirrhines
#4
Louise Peckre, Anne-Claire Fabre, Christine E Wall, David Brewer, Erin Ehmke, David Haring, Erin Shaw, Kay Welser, Emmanuelle Pouydebat
The origin and evolution of manual grasping remain poorly understood. The ability to cling requires important grasping abilities and is essential to survive in species where the young are carried in the fur. A previous study has suggested that this behaviour could be a pre-adaptation for the evolution of fine manipulative skills. In this study we tested the co-evolution between infant carrying in the fur and manual grasping abilities in the context of food manipulation. As strepsirrhines vary in the way infants are carried (mouth vs...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882266/community-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-their-effects-on-confidence-and-eating-behaviour
#5
REVIEW
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Matthew McDonald, Elisa J Vargas-Garcia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Community-based interventions aiming to improve cooking skills are a popular strategy to promote healthy eating. We reviewed current evidence on the effectiveness of these interventions on different confidence aspects and fruit and vegetable intake. RECENT FINDINGS: Evaluation of cooking programmes consistently report increased confidence in cooking skills in adults across different age groups and settings. The effectiveness of these programmes on modifying eating behaviour is less consistent, but small increases in self-reported consumption of fruit and vegetables are also described...
2016: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882246/the-impact-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-adequacy-on-the-health-of-nurses-a-pilot-investigation
#6
Timothy R Jordan, Jagdish Khubchandani, Michael Wiblishauser
Stress and coping abilities influence the health and work performance of nurses. However, little is known about the combined influence of stress perception and perceived coping adequacy and its impact on the health of nurses. This study examined the relationship between stress, coping, and the combined influences of perceived stress and coping abilities on health and work performance. A valid and reliable questionnaire was completed by 120 nurses in a Midwestern hospital in the USA. In general, the nurses were not healthy: 92% had moderate-to-very high stress levels; 78% slept less than 8 hours of sleep per night; 69% did not exercise regularly; 63% consumed less than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day; and 22% were classified as binge drinkers...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876322/teen-cuisine-impacting-dietary-habits-and-food-preparation-skills-in-adolescents
#7
Tonya T Price, Anne-Carter S Carrington, Lynn Margheim, Elena Serrano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872273/-what-s-cooking-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-head-start-parent-child-pilot-cooking-program
#8
M Elizabeth Miller, Julia L Kaesberg, Victoria B Thompson, Rachel A Wyand
Providing access to nutritious foods is crucial for low-income populations, but increasing nutrition-related skills and attitudes such as food preparation, feeding practices, and positive perceptions around healthy foods to establish sustainable behavior change are paramount for the development of healthy lifestyles. This qualitative study was designed to evaluate the What's Cooking pilot program. A total of 15 participants were recruited from two Head Start schools through flyers, text messages, and e-mails...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845292/effects-of-selective-cholinergic-and-gabaergic-lesions-of-the-nucleus-basalis-magnocellularis-on-place-or-responce-learning-in-plus-shaped-maze
#9
L Kruashvili, M Demurishvili, M Burjanadze, M Dashniani, G Beselia
In the present study we evaluated effects of selective cholinergic or GABAergic lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) using immunotxins 192 IgG-saporin and GAT1-SAP on place and response learning in plus-shaped maze. In current behavioral paradigm rats learned food-rewarded mazes that were efficiently learned using either place or turning strategies. A histological evaluation indicated that 192 IgG-saporin lesions specifically depleted cholinergic neurons but did not result in noticeable damage to the GABAergic cells within NBM...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842556/learning-cooking-skills-at-different-ages-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Lynsey Hollywood, Laura McGowan, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Cooking skills are increasingly included in strategies to prevent and reduce chronic diet-related diseases and obesity. While cooking interventions target all age groups (Child, Teen and Adult), the optimal age for learning these skills on: 1) skills retention, 2) cooking practices, 3) cooking attitudes, 4) diet quality and 5) health is unknown. Similarly, although the source of learning cooking skills has been previously studied, the differences in learning from these different sources has not been considered...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829398/food-safety-knowledge-of-undergraduate-students-at-a-canadian-university-results-of-an-online-survey
#11
Sarah M Courtney, Shannon E Majowicz, Joel A Dubin
BACKGROUND: Foodborne diseases are an important public health issue, and young adults are an important demographic to target with food safety education. Our objective was to assess the food safety knowledge of undergraduate students at a Canadian university, to identify potential areas for such education. METHODS: In February 2015, we conducted an online survey of 485 undergraduate students at a university in Ontario, Canada. We assessed various food-related factors, including cooking frequency and prior food handling or preparation education...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824638/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#12
Jennifer Lucarelli, Demetra Pappas, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
Kendra is a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who presents for follow-up of feeding problems to her pediatric clinician. She is an only child in a family where both parents are scientists. Feeding concerns date to infancy, when she was diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) associated with persistent bottle refusal and the acceptance of few pureed foods. At 13 months, milk and peanut allergies were diagnosed. Following a feeding clinic evaluation at 24 months, she was prescribed a soy milk supplement and an H2 blocker...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823746/postmenopausal-women-with-abdominal-obesity-choosing-a-nutritional-approach-for-weight-loss-a-decisional-needs-assessment
#13
Nadine Poirier, France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Simone Lemieux, Catherine Bégin, Annie Lapointe, Sophie Desroches
OBJECTIVES: To identify the decisional needs of postmenopausal women with abdominal obesity choosing between two nutritional approaches for weight loss: a low-fat diet or a diet rich in fruit and vegetables. STUDY DESIGN: Our descriptive qualitative study was based on the Ottawa Decision Support Framework. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Four focus groups were conducted with postmenopausal women. A thematic content analysis was performed to determine the decisional needs influencing the choice of a low-fat diet or a diet rich in fruit and vegetables...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803197/just-a-subtle-difference-findings-from-a-systematic-review-on-definitions-of-nutrition-literacy-and-food-literacy
#14
Corinna Krause, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Thomas Abel
Nutrition literacy and food literacy have become increasingly important concepts in health promotion. Researchers use one or the other term to describe the competencies needed to maintain a healthy diet. This systematic review examines whether these terms are synonymous or if their meanings are substantially different.We searched major bibliographic databases (Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, SocIndex and ERIC) for publications that provided an original definition of nutrition or food literacy...
November 1, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791220/food-accessibility-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-elderly-people-living-alone-in-japan
#15
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, T Nakaya, Y Fukuda, Y Takemi, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVES: This aim of this study was to describe the association between shopping difficulty and food accessibility for elderly people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectoral, multilevel survey was designed to measure shopping difficulty from a food accessibility perspective. The questionnaire was distributed by mail. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A geographic information system was used to select the sample: it identified the proximity of elderly people living alone to a supermarket...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788696/relate-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-a-mealtime-intervention-on-social-cognitive-factors-and-energy-intake-among-older-adults-living-alone
#16
Joanna E McHugh Power, Olga Lee, Niamh Aspell, Emma McCormack, Michelle Loftus, Leona Connolly, Brian Lawlor, Sabina Brennan
Mealtime interventions typically focus on institutionalised older adults, but we wanted to investigate whether they may also be effective among those living independently. Using a randomised controlled trial design, we assessed the effects of a novel mealtime intervention on self-efficacy, food enjoyment and energy intake. A total of 100 adults living alone aged over 60 years were randomised to the treatment or control conditions: all received a guidebook on nutrition and culinary skills. Treatment group participants received a weekly visit from a trained volunteer who prepared and shared a meal with them...
October 28, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782841/the-influence-of-socio-demographic-psychological-and-knowledge-related-variables-alongside-perceived-cooking-and-food-skills-abilities-in-the-prediction-of-diet-quality-in-adults-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#17
Laura McGowan, Gerda K Pot, Alison M Stephen, Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Monique Raats, Lynsey Hollywood, Dawn McDowell, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase cooking skills (CS) and food skills (FS) as a route to improving overall diet are popular within public health. This study tested a comprehensive model of diet quality by assessing the influence of socio-demographic, knowledge- and psychological-related variables alongside perceived CS and FS abilities. The correspondence of two measures of diet quality further validated the Eating Choices Index (ECI) for use in quantitative research. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a quota-controlled nationally representative sample of 1049 adults aged 20-60 years drawn from the Island of Ireland...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782781/co-creating-healthful-eating-behaviors-with-very-young-children-the-impact-of-information-overload-on-primary-caregivers
#18
Julie L Norton, Maria M Raciti
Primary caregivers of very young children are subject to excessive and often disparate information regarding the instilling of healthful eating behaviors. Our study focuses on the integration of the operant resources of primary caregivers (i.e., their knowledge and modeling skills) and that of their very young children (i.e., their self-regulation of energy intake and food preferences) to co-create healthful eating behaviors as a measure to curb overweight and obesity in adulthood. Our two-stage qualitative study makes original contributions demonstrating that primary caregivers' efforts to co-create healthful eating behaviors with their very young children are adversely affected by information overload...
October 26, 2016: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779904/food-and-culinary-knowledge-and-skills-perceptions-of-undergraduate-dietetic-students
#19
Marcia J Cooper, Leanne Mezzabotta, Joseph Murphy
PURPOSE: The objective of the current study was to examine food and culinary skills and knowledge of dietetic students. METHODS: An online bilingual survey was created using Survey Monkey(TM) to explore the skills, knowledge, and perceptions of undergraduate dietetic students regarding food and cooking. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to compare skills and knowledge of food and culinary concepts. RESULTS: The final sample included second- (n = 22) and third-year (n = 22) students within the Baccalauréat specialisé en sciences de la nutrition program at the University of Ottawa...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777128/learning-about-activity-and-understanding-nutrition-for-child-health-launch-rationale-design-and-implementation-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-family-based-pediatric-weight-management-program-for-preschoolers
#20
Lori J Stark, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Christopher Bolling, Megan B Ratcliff, Jessica C Kichler, Shannon L Robson, Stacey L Simon, Mary Beth McCullough, Lisa M Clifford, Cathleen O Stough, Cynthia Zion, Richard F Ittenbach
Obesity affects nearly 2 million preschool age children in the United States and is not abating. However, research on interventions for already obese preschoolers is limited. To address this significant gap in the literature, we developed an intervention targeting obesity reduction in 2 to 5year olds, Learning about Activity and Understanding Nutrition for Child Health (LAUNCH). This paper describes the rationale, design, participant enrollment, and implementation of a 3-arm randomized, parallel-group clinical trial comparing LAUNCH to a motivational-interviewing intervention (MI) and standard care (STC), respectively...
October 21, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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