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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783108/professionals-recommended-strategies-to-improve-australian-adolescents-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#1
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: Education and policy measures within schools are valuable strategies to promote health. This study explored views of experienced food-related educators, researchers and policy-makers regarding their recommended strategies to improve Australian adolescents' knowledge of nutrition and food systems (N&FS). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-one experienced food-related experts from across Australia. Interviews were conducted either by telephone or face-to-face...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782997/pathogen-decontamination-of-food-crop-soil-a-review
#2
Joshua B Gurtler
The purpose of this review is to delineate means of decontaminating soil. This information might be used to mitigate soil-associated risks of foodborne pathogens. The majority of the research in the published literature involves inactivation of plant pathogens in soil, i.e., those pathogens harmful to fruit and vegetable production and ornamental plants. Very little has been published regarding the inactivation of foodborne human pathogens in crop soil. Nevertheless, because decontamination techniques for plant pathogens might also be useful methods for eliminating foodborne pathogens, this review also includes inactivation of plant pathogens, with appropriate discussion and comparisons, in the hopes that these methods may one day be validated against foodborne pathogens...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782300/associations-between-social-support-psychological-well-being-decision-making-empowerment-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-ugandan-children-ages-0-to-24%C3%A2-months
#3
Scott B Ickes, Michael Wu, Maia P Mandel, Alison C Roberts
Maternal capabilities-qualities of mothers that enable them to leverage skills and resources into child health-hold potential influence over mother's adoption of child caring practices, including infant and young child feeding. We developed a survey (n = 195) that assessed the associations of 4 dimensions of maternal capabilities (social support, psychological health, decision making, and empowerment) with mothers' infant and young child feeding practices and children's nutritional status in Uganda. Maternal responses were converted to categorical subscales and an overall index...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766752/unlocking-opportunities-in-food-design-for-infants-children-and-the-elderly-understanding-milestones-in-chewing-and-swallowing-across-the-lifespan-for-new-innovations
#4
REVIEW
Julie A Y Cichero
Intake of a variety of foods increases the likelihood of good general health. From as early as life in utero, humans are exposed to flavor. Further flavor imprinting occurs via breast milk, increasing the likelihood of acceptance of a variety flavors when solids are introduced. While first foods need to be smooth and runny, experience managing soft lumps is required for rudimentary development of chewing skills. Texture experiences are critical to providing building blocks for food acceptance and gradual increase in the range of food textures eaten...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766183/guided-imagery-targeting-exercise-food-cravings-and-stress-a-multi-modal-randomized-feasibility-trial
#5
Peter Giacobbi, Dustin Long, Richard Nolan, Samantha Shawley, Kelsey Johnson, Ranjita Misra
The purpose of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a guided imagery based multi-behavior intervention intended to address psychological stress, food cravings, and physical activity. Personalized guided imagery scripts were created and participants were instructed to practice guided imagery every day for 35 consecutive days. Of 48 women who enrolled, we report comparisons between 16 randomized to treatment with 19 who were wait-listed (overall Mage = 45...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760184/perceived-influences-on-farmers-market-use-among-urban-wic-enrolled-women
#6
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Karen Weber Cullen, Debbe Thompson
OBJECTIVES: We identified perceived barriers and facilitators to purchasing fruits and vegetables (FV) at farmers' markets, FV shopping practices, and reactions to a planned online lesson to promote farmers' market use among urban, inner-city WIC-enrolled women. METHODS: Thirteen focus groups were conducted with 3-5 participants each (N = 54). RESULTS: Common barriers were structural (transportation issues) and informational (not knowing the locations of markets)...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751813/urinary-ph-reflects-dietary-acid-load-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Akane Miki, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Muhei Tanaka, Yukiko Kobayashi, Sayori Wada, Masashi Kuwahata, Yasuhiro Kido, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
Dietary acid load is important information, however, survey of food intake needs time and skill. Therefore, it is difficult to survey food intake from all patients. It remains to be elucidated the association between dietary acid load and urinary pH in patients with type 2 diabetes. In this cross-sectional study of 173 patients, we investigated the relationship between urinary pH and dietary acid load, assessed with potential renal acid load. Habitual food and nutrient intake was assessed by a self-administered diet history questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749568/experts-views-regarding-australian-school-leavers-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#8
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
OBJECTIVE: To explore Australian experts' views regarding strengths and gaps in school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems ( N&FS) and factors that influence that knowledge. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 highly experienced food-related experts in Australia. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Attride-Stirling's thematic network framework. RESULTS: Two global themes and several organising themes were identified...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#9
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741081/capuchin-monkeys-use-of-human-and-conspecific-cues-to-solve-a-hidden-object-choice-task
#10
Jennifer L Essler, Lindsay P Schwartz, Mattea S Rossettie, Peter G Judge
Learning by watching others can provide valuable information with adaptive consequences, such as identifying the presence of a predator or locating a food source. The extent to which nonhuman animals can gain information by reading the cues of others is often tested by evaluating responses to human gestures, such as a point, and less often evaluated by examining responses to conspecific cues. We tested whether ten brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus [Sapajus] apella) were able to use cues from monkeys and a pointing cue from a human to obtain hidden rewards...
July 24, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#11
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719394/cochlear-implantation-in-children-under-12-months-of-age
#12
Samantha McKinney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children with congenital hearing loss are being identified earlier, leading to earlier intervention. Current US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria states a child must be 12 months or older for cochlear implantation. The purpose of this article is to review recent publications regarding the benefits of implanting infants under 12 months of age. Topics include: safety and efficacy of surgery, speech and language acquisition outcomes, audiologic components, and limitations...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718981/health-economic-analysis-of-allergen-immunotherapy-ait-for-the-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-asthma-food-allergy-and-venom-allergy-a-systematic-overview
#13
REVIEW
Miqdad Asaria, Sangeeta Dhami, Ronald van Ree, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Antonella Muraro, Graham Roberts, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is developing guidelines for allergen immunotherapy (AIT) for the management of allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, IgE-mediated food allergy and venom allergy. To inform the development of clinical recommendations, we undertook systematic reviews to critically assess evidence on the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions. This paper focusses on synthesizing data and gaps in the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions...
July 18, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715475/free-ranging-dogs-show-age-related-plasticity-in-their-ability-to-follow-human-pointing
#14
Debottam Bhattacharjee, Nikhil Dev N, Shreya Gupta, Shubhra Sau, Rohan Sarkar, Arpita Biswas, Arunita Banerjee, Daisy Babu, Diksha Mehta, Anindita Bhadra
Differences in pet dogs' and captive wolves' ability to follow human communicative intents have led to the proposition of several hypotheses regarding the possession and development of social cognitive skills in dogs. It is possible that the social cognitive abilities of pet dogs are induced by indirect conditioning through living with humans, and studying free-ranging dogs can provide deeper insights into differentiating between innate abilities and conditioning in dogs. Free-ranging dogs are mostly scavengers, indirectly depending on humans for their sustenance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714956/the-uncertainty-of-crop-yield-projections-is-reduced-by-improved-temperature-response-functions
#15
Enli Wang, Pierre Martre, Zhigan Zhao, Frank Ewert, Andrea Maiorano, Reimund P Rötter, Bruce A Kimball, Michael J Ottman, Gerard W Wall, Jeffrey W White, Matthew P Reynolds, Phillip D Alderman, Pramod K Aggarwal, Jakarat Anothai, Bruno Basso, Christian Biernath, Davide Cammarano, Andrew J Challinor, Giacomo De Sanctis, Jordi Doltra, Elias Fereres, Margarita Garcia-Vila, Sebastian Gayler, Gerrit Hoogenboom, Leslie A Hunt, Roberto C Izaurralde, Mohamed Jabloun, Curtis D Jones, Kurt C Kersebaum, Ann-Kristin Koehler, Leilei Liu, Christoph Müller, Soora Naresh Kumar, Claas Nendel, Garry O'Leary, Jørgen E Olesen, Taru Palosuo, Eckart Priesack, Ehsan Eyshi Rezaei, Dominique Ripoche, Alex C Ruane, Mikhail A Semenov, Iurii Shcherbak, Claudio Stöckle, Pierre Stratonovitch, Thilo Streck, Iwan Supit, Fulu Tao, Peter Thorburn, Katharina Waha, Daniel Wallach, Zhimin Wang, Joost Wolf, Yan Zhu, Senthold Asseng
Increasing the accuracy of crop productivity estimates is a key element in planning adaptation strategies to ensure global food security under climate change. Process-based crop models are effective means to project climate impact on crop yield, but have large uncertainty in yield simulations. Here, we show that variations in the mathematical functions currently used to simulate temperature responses of physiological processes in 29 wheat models account for >50% of uncertainty in simulated grain yields for mean growing season temperatures from 14 °C to 33 °C...
July 17, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712165/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-multicomponent-intervention-on-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-bangkok-thailand
#16
Nattapon Chawla, Alessio Panza, Chutima Sirikulchayanonta, Ramesh Kumar, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a major public health issue today. The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing in both adults and children. Childhood obesity in Thailand has more than doubled since the 1960s and a recent study reported that overweight and obesity in Thais is the 5th highest in Asia. The present study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a life-skills, multicomponent, school-based intervention on child nutritional status. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was conducted in two-groups (control and intervention schools) on 453 students attending grade levels 4-5 in Bangkok...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697356/perceptual-learning
#17
Aaron R Seitz
Perceptual learning refers to how experience can change the way we perceive sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and touch. Examples abound: music training improves our ability to discern tones; experience with food and wines can refine our pallet (and unfortunately more quickly empty our wallet), and with years of training radiologists learn to save lives by discerning subtle details of images that escape the notice of untrained viewers. We often take perceptual learning for granted, but it has a profound impact on how we perceive the world...
July 10, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695348/acquisition-of-joint-attention-by-olive-baboons-gesturing-toward-humans
#18
Augustine Lamaury, Hélène Cochet, Marie Bourjade
Joint attention is a core ability of human social cognition which broadly refers to the coordination of attention with both the presence and activity of social partners. In both human and non-human primates, joint attention can be assessed from behaviour; gestures and gaze alternation between the partner and a distal object are standard behavioural manifestations of joint attention. Here we examined the acquisition of joint attention in olive baboons as a function of their individual experience of a human partner's attentional states during training regimes...
July 10, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689608/cooking-matters-for-adults-improves-food-resource-management-skills-and-self-confidence-among-low-income-participants
#19
Jennifer A Pooler, Ruth E Morgan, Karen Wong, Margaret K Wilkin, Jonathan L Blitstein
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of Cooking Matters for Adults (CM) on food resource management (FRM) skills and self-confidence 6 months after course completion. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design with nonequivalent comparison group and 6-month follow-up. SETTING: Cooking Matters for Adults programs in CA, CO, ME, MA, MI, and OR. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in CM attending classes in April to July, 2016 (n = 332); comparison group (n = 336)...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678613/identification-of-behaviour-change-techniques-applied-in-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-food-skills-among-adults
#20
Lynsey Hollywood, Dawn Surgenor, Marla Reiks, Laura McGowan, Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Monique Raats, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Cooking and food skills interventions have grown in popularity however there is a lack of transparency as to how these interventions were designed, highlighting a need to identify and understand the mechanisms of behaviour change so that effective components may be introduced in future work. This study critiques cooking and food skills interventions in relation to their design, behaviour change techniques (BCTs), theoretical underpinnings, and outcomes. METHODS: A 40-item CALO-RE taxonomy was used to examine the components of 59 cooking and food skills interventions identified by two systematic reviews...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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