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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties (Br Herne 1995;97:12). However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age (Appl Physiol Nutr Keller 2007;32:991) and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543671/patient-centred-dietetic-care-from-the-perspectives-of-older-malnourished-patients
#2
E Hazzard, L Barone, M Mason, K Lambert, A McMahon
BACKGROUND: Governing organisations for health services currently recommend a patient-centred (PC) approach to practice for all health professions, including dietetics. For the vulnerable older malnourished patient, this approach needs to be prioritised to improve outcomes. The paucity of patient experience data likely limits evidence-based, patient-centred care (PCC) from being implemented effectively. The present study aimed to identify quality indicators of dietetic services from the perspectives of older malnourished patients to inform evidence-based PC dietetic care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542302/influence-of-catch-up-growth-on-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-a-mouse-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#3
Cristina Duran Fernandez-Feijoo, Cristina Carrasco Carrasco, Núria Villalmazo Francisco, Judit Cebrià Romero, Jose Ramon Fernández Lorenzo, J C Jiménez-Chillaron, Marta Camprubí Camprubí
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and rapid postnatal weight gain or catch up growth (CUG) increase the susceptibility to metabolic syndrome during adult life. Longitudinal studies have also revealed a high incidence of learning difficulties in children with IUGR. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of nutrition and CUG on learning memory in an IUGR animal model. We hypothesized that synaptic protein expression and transcription, an essential mechanism for memory consolidation, might be affected by intrauterine undernutrition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535769/association-between-home-food-preparation-skills-and-behaviour-and-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-2008-2009
#4
Matthew Chak Leung Lam, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: 'Ultra-processed foods' (UPF) have been industrially processed and tend to be higher in saturated fat, sodium and sugar than other foods. There is some evidence that consumption of UPF is associated with overweight, obesity and related diseases. In developed countries more than half of dietary energy is attributed to UPF. One reason for reliance on UPF may be poor home food preparation skills or infrequent use of these. This relationship has been previously proposed but not tested...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527739/local-people-s-knowledge-with-regard-to-land-use-activities-in-southwest-madagascar-conceptual-insights-for-sustainable-land-management
#5
Nadine V M Fritz-Vietta, H Stone Tahirindraza, Susanne Stoll-Kleemann
Environmental conditions in the Mahafaly Plateau region in southwest Madagascar are harsh, with a long dry season and a short rainy season. The local people's land use capabilities and skills are adapted to these conditions. Nevertheless, they are currently confronted by drastic climatic changes, including longer dry seasons, which have resulted in food and water scarcities. It is therefore essential to ensure sustainable land management in the region. At present, the main land use activities are agriculture, livestock farming, natural resource collection including timber and non-timber forest products, and the practice of local customs...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526477/increasing-intention-to-cook-from-basic-ingredients-a-randomised-controlled-study
#6
Fiona Lavelle, Lynsey Hollywood, Martin Caraher, Laura McGowan, Michelle Spence, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
The promotion of home cooking is a strategy used to improve diet quality and health. However, modern home cooking typically includes the use of processed food which can lead to negative outcomes including weight gain. In addition, interventions to improve cooking skills do not always explain how theory informed their design and implementation. The Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) taxonomy successfully employed in other areas has identified essential elements for interventions. This study investigated the effectiveness of different instructional modes for learning to cook a meal, designed using an accumulating number of BCTs, on participant's perceived difficulty, enjoyment, confidence and intention to cook from basic ingredients...
May 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516175/tummytrials-a-feasibility-study-of-using-self-experimentation-to-detect-individualized-food-triggers
#7
Ravi Karkar, Jessica Schroeder, Daniel A Epstein, Laura R Pina, Jeffrey Scofield, James Fogarty, Julie A Kientz, Sean A Munson, Roger Vilardaga, Jasmine Zia
Diagnostic self-tracking, the recording of personal information to diagnose or manage a health condition, is a common practice, especially for people with chronic conditions. Unfortunately, many who attempt diagnostic self-tracking have trouble accomplishing their goals. People often lack knowledge and skills needed to design and conduct scientifically rigorous experiments, and current tools provide little support. To address these shortcomings and explore opportunities for diagnostic self-tracking, we designed, developed, and evaluated a mobile app that applies a self-experimentation framework to support patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in identifying their personal food triggers...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#8
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513869/transition-of-intravenous-treprostinil-to-oral-therapy-in-a-patient-with-functional-class-iv-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
Kristina M Thurber, Breann M Williams, Ruth E Bates, Robert P Frantz
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) occurs when pulmonary emboli fail to resolve with anticoagulation. For patients with inoperable or residual CTEPH, riociguat is currently the only therapy approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. However, some patients with CTEPH may require therapy beyond riociguat, such as intravenous prostacyclins, which can present significant administration challenges in patients with complex comorbid conditions. We describe a 42-year-old man with T12 paraplegia complicated by CTEPH (functional class IV with substantial right ventricular dysfunction) and severe pressure ulcers...
May 17, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506451/motor-skill-development-in-low-income-at-risk-preschoolers-a-community-based-longitudinal-intervention-study
#10
Laura L Bellows, Patricia L Davies, Jimikaye B Courtney, William J Gavin, Susan L Johnson, Richard E Boles
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to: (1) determine the status of fundamental movement skill (FMS) performance in low-income, at-risk preschoolers; and (2) evaluate the impact of the Food Friends Get Movin' with Mighty Moves (MM) program on improving children's FMS at two-year follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal, quasi-experimental study with matched controls. METHODS: The Colorado LEAP study was conducted in four Head Start/preschools (two intervention, two control) serving children aged 3-5 years...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506241/socio-demographic-determinants-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-in-migrant-workers-of-peninsular-malaysia
#11
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
BACKGROUND: The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499931/empowered-to-cook-the-crucial-role-of-food-agency-in-making-meals
#12
Amy B Trubek, Maria Carabello, Caitlin Morgan, Jacob Lahne
What makes an individual, on any given occasion, able and willing to prepare a meal for themselves: that is, to cook? As home cooking has increasingly become the focus of public-health, nutrition, and policy interventions and campaigns, the need for a better understanding has become apparent. It is clear that cooking is not merely a matter of mechanical skill or rote training; beyond this, it is difficult to explain why similar individuals have such different capacities for setting and achieving food-related goals...
May 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496366/factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-among-young-women-in-kisumu-kenya
#13
Deborah A Gust, Roman Gvetadze, Melissa Furtado, Mumbi Makanga, Victor Akelo, Kenneth Ondenge, Beatrice Nyagol, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal
BACKGROUND: Attention to mental health issues is growing globally. In many countries, including Kenya, however, assessment of psychological distress, especially in rural areas, is limited. METHODS: We analyzed data from young women screened for a longitudinal contraceptive ring study in Kisumu, Kenya. Multivariable regression analysis was used to assess factors associated with recent moderate and high psychological distress, as measured by the Kessler (K-6) psychological distress scale...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487244/defining-food-literacy-a-scoping-review
#14
Emily Truman, Daniel Lane, Charlene Elliott
The term "food literacy" describes the idea of proficiency in food related skills and knowledge. This prevalent term is broadly applied, although its core elements vary from initiative to initiative. In light of its ubiquitous use-but varying definitions-this article establishes the scope of food literacy research by identifying all articles that define 'food literacy', analysing its key conceptualizations, and reporting outcomes/measures of this concept. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to identify all articles (academic and grey literature) using the term "food literacy"...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474988/premedication-with-fentanyl-midazolam-improves-sevoflurane-anesthesia-for-surgical-intervention-in-laboratory-mice
#15
Miriam Lipiski, Margarete Arras, Paulin Jirkof, Nikola Cesarovic
Balanced anesthesia allows for a reduced dosage of each component, while inducing general anesthesia of sufficient depth with potentially fewer side effects. Here, we compare two anesthetic protocols combining sevoflurane anesthesia with pre-medication (ketamine [K] or fentanyl-midazolam [FM]) to a sevoflurane monoanesthesia (S) concerning their ability to provide reliable anesthesia suitable for moderate surgery in laboratory mice. Twenty-one female C57BL/6J mice assigned randomly to one of three protocols underwent a 50-min anesthesia and a sham embryo transfer...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454068/biochar-based-water-treatment-systems-as-a-potential-low-cost-and-sustainable-technology-for-clean-water-provision
#16
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura, Chicgoua Noubactep, Fungai N D Mukome
Approximately 600 million people lack access to safe drinking water, hence achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030) calls for rapid translation of recent research into practical and frugal solutions within the remaining 13 years. Biochars, with excellent capacity to remove several contaminants from aqueous solutions, constitute an untapped technology for drinking water treatment. Biochar water treatment has several potential merits compared to existing low-cost methods (i...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447854/healthy-diet-health-impact-prevalence-correlates-and-interventions
#17
Denise de Ridder, Floor Kroese, Catharine Evers, Marieke Adriaanse, Marleen Gillebaart
OBJECTIVE: To discuss healthy diet from a psychological perspective by considering definitions of healthy diet in terms of consumer understanding; the health effects of specific dietary elements in terms of overweight and (chronic) illness; the prevalence of healthy diet; the psychological and environmental determinants of healthy diet; and the psychological interventions that have been designed to promote healthy diet. DESIGN: A systematic review of the psychological literature on healthy diet...
April 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436102/nutrition-in-adolescents-physiology-metabolism-and-nutritional-needs
#18
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Kent L Thornburg, Andrew M Prentice, Susan Campisi, Zohra S Lassi, Berthold Koletzko, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is the period of development that begins at puberty and ends in early adulthood. Most commonly, adolescence is divided into three developmental periods: early adolescence (10-14 years of age), late adolescence (15-19 years of age), and young adulthood (20-24 years of age). Adolescence is marked by physical and sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity, acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles, and the capacity for abstract reasoning...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#19
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404818/quantitative-abilities-in-a-reptile-podarcis-sicula
#20
Maria Elena Miletto Petrazzini, Isabel Fraccaroli, Francesco Gariboldi, Christian Agrillo, Angelo Bisazza, Cristiano Bertolucci, Augusto Foà
The ability to identify the largest amount of prey available is fundamental for optimizing foraging behaviour in several species. To date, this cognitive skill has been observed in all vertebrate groups except reptiles. In this study we investigated the spontaneous ability of ruin lizards to select the larger amount of food items. In Experiment 1, lizards proved able to select the larger food item when presented with two alternatives differing in size (0.25, 0.50, 0.67 and 0.75 ratio). In Experiment 2 lizards presented with two groups of food items (1 versus 4, 2 versus 4, 2 versus 3 and 3 versus 4 items) were unable to select the larger group in any contrast...
April 2017: Biology Letters
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