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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102154/effectiveness-of-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-by-spinecor-dynamic-bracing-with-special-physiotherapy-programme-in-spinecor-system
#1
Karina Rożek, Tomasz Potaczek, Maja Zarzycka, Ewa Lipik, Barbara Jasiewicz
BACKGROUND: The SpineCor dynamic brace for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis is designed to maintain the correct position of the spine and a new movement strategy for 20 hours per day. The SpineCor exercise system intensifies and complements the brace treatment. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a comprehensive treatment of idiopathic scoliosis involving the SpineCor system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study assessed a group of 40 patients (38 girls and 2 boys) with idiopathic scoliosis treated with the SpineCor brace...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094315/the-usefulness-of-corvisst-tonometry-and-the-ocular-response-analyzer-to-assess-the-progression-of-glaucoma
#2
Masato Matsuura, Kazunori Hirasawa, Hiroshi Murata, Shunsuke Nakakura, Yoshiaki Kiuchi, Ryo Asaoka
Corneal Visualization Scheimpflug Technology (CST) and Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) measurements were carried out in 105 eyes of 69 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. All patients had axial length (AL), central corneal thickness (CCT), intraocular pressure (IOP) with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and eight visual fields (VF)s with the Humphrey Field Analyzer. VF progression was summarized using a time trend analysis of mean total deviation (mTD) and the association between mTD progression rate and a number of ocular parameters (including CST and ORA measurements) was assessed using mixed linear regression analysis...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093594/fast-and-accurate-mas-dnp-simulations-of-large-spin-ensembles
#3
Frédéric Mentink-Vigier, Shimon Vega, Gaël De Paëpe
A deeper understanding of parameters affecting Magic Angle Spinning Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (MAS-DNP), an emerging nuclear magnetic resonance hyperpolarization method, is crucial for the development of new polarizing agents and the successful implementation of the technique at higher magnetic fields (>10 T). Such progress is currently impeded by computational limitation which prevents the simulation of large spin ensembles (electron as well as nuclear spins) and to accurately describe the interplay between all the multiple key parameters at play...
January 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087935/diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-of-urinary-tract-infection
#4
Paula Pietrucha-Dilanchian, Thomas M Hooton
UTI may involve the lower or upper urinary tract and may be uncomplicated or complicated. The emphasis of this chapter is uncomplicated UTI. The diagnosis of uncomplicated cystitis (bladder infection) and pyelonephritis (kidney infection) is usually easily made based on the clinical presentation, whereas the diagnosis in patients with complicated UTI is often more complex. Thus uncomplicated cystitis is usually manifested by dysuria, frequency and/or urgency without fever, and pyelonephritis is usually manifested by fever and back pain/costovertebral angle tenderness...
December 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087763/circadian-kinetics-of-cell-cycle-progression-in-adult-neurogenic-niches-of-a-diurnal-vertebrate
#5
Veronica Akle, Alexander J Stankiewicz, Vasili Kharchenko, Lili Yu, Peter V Kharchenko, Irina V Zhdanova
: The circadian system may regulate adult neurogenesis via intracellular molecular clock mechanisms or by modifying the environment of neurogenic niches, with daily variation in growth factors or nutrients depending on the animal's diurnal or nocturnal life-style. In a diurnal vertebrate, zebrafish, we studied circadian distribution of immunohistochemical markers of the cell division cycle (CDC) in five of the sixteen neurogenic niches of adult brain, the dorsal telencephalon, habenula, preoptic area, hypothalamus and cerebellum...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086263/observation-of-the-ring-puckering-vibrational-mode-in-thietane-cation
#6
Yu Ran Lee, Chung Bin Park, Jiye Hwang, Bongjune Sung, Hong Lae Kim, Chan Ho Kwon
We have measured the high-resolution vibrational spectra of a thietane (trimethylene sulfide) cation in the gas phase by employing the vacuum ultraviolet mass-analyzed threshold ionization (VUV-MATI) spectroscopic technique. Peaks in the low frequency region of the observed MATI spectrum of thietane originate from a progression of the ring puckering vibrational mode (typical in small heterocyclic molecules), which is successfully reproduced by quantum chemical calculations with one-dimensional (1D) symmetric double-well potentials along the ring puckering coordinates on both the S0 and D0 states, the ground electronic states of neutral and cation of thietane, respectively...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081584/-mini-open-approach-shows-good-results-in-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement
#7
Stephanie Maria Kirschbaum, Frank Sitterlee, Carsten Perka, Michael Müller
Background Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) describes a painful, abnormal (bony) contact between the femoral neck and acetabulum, which, if left untreated, contributes to early osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Despite its flat learning curve and long operation times, hip arthroscopy has been used increasingly often in recent years in the surgery of femoroacetabular impingement. The mini-open technique (MOT) offers a possible alternative that addresses the abnormal morphological prominence and allows minimally invasive clearance of hip motion...
January 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079799/risk-factors-for-recollapse-of-the-augmented-vertebrae-after-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-with-intravertebral-vacuum-cleft
#8
Weibo Yu, De Liang, Zhensong Yao, Ting Qiu, Linqiang Ye, Xuecheng Huang, Xiaobing Jiang
To determine risk factors related to recollapse of the augmented vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC).Fifty-two patients treated with PVP for single OVCFs with the IVC were retrospectively reviewed. The follow-up period was at least 2 years. Vertebral height loss ≥15% or kyphotic angle ≥10° at the final follow-up in relation to the immediately postoperative values were adopted as a definition of recollapse of the augmented vertebrae...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077839/atypical-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-rare-neurological-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Viki Kumar, Jaspinder Kaur, Pallavi Pothuri, Sahiba Bandagi
BACKGROUND Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology which can present at any age with symptoms of mucocutaneous, musculoskeletal, renal, central nervous system, and nonspecific clinical pictures making the disease a "master of mimicry". CASE REPORT A 53-year-old female, who was recently diagnosed with SLE, presented with right-sided sharp and electric shock-like facial pain starting at the side of her right nostril and traveling down the naso-labial fold and then back to the angle of the jaw, mostly in the region of V2-V3 distribution with no radiation beyond trigeminal distribution...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076560/evaluation-of-anterior-segment-parameters-using-scheimpflug-technology-during-the-valsalva-maneuver-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#10
Yusuf Koçluk, Emine Alyamaç Sukgen, Selim Cevher
Purpose: This study aimed to explore the effects of the Valsalva maneuver (VM) on ectatic corneas during anterior segment tomography scans using a Scheimpflug camera. Methods: This prospective observational study included 100 eyes of 50 patients with bilateral keratoconus (KC). Anterior segment tomography was first performed when the patients were in a resting position and immediately repeated as the participant performed VM. Scheimpflug images were taken using a Pentacam®...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074956/tunable-superapolar-lotus-to-rose-hierarchical-nanosurfaces-via-vertical-carbon-nanotubes-driven-electrohydrodynamic-lithography
#11
Chiara Busà, Jonathan James Stanley Rickard, Eugene Chun, Yaw Chong, Viroshan Navaratnam, Pola Goldberg Oppenheimer
The development of a robust, cost-effective, scalable and simple technique that enables the design and construction of well-controlled large area superhydrophobic surface structures which can be easily tuned from lotus-leaf to rose-petal state is essential to enable progress in realising the full applied potential of such surfaces. In this study, we introduce the tuneable carbon nanotubes-based electrohydrodynamic lithography (CNT-EHL) to fabricate unique multiscale structured cones and nanohair-like architectures with various periodicities and dimensions, successfully enabling surface energy minimization...
January 11, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072630/bracing-of-the-reconstructed-and-osteoarthritic-knee-during-high-dynamic-load-tasks
#12
Harvi F Hart, Kay M Crossley, Natalie J Collins, David C Ackland
PURPOSE: Lateral compartment osteoarthritis accompanied by abnormal knee biomechanics are frequently reported in individuals with knee osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in knee biomechanics produced by an adjusted and unadjusted varus knee brace during high dynamic loading activities in individuals with lateral knee osteoarthritis after ACLR and valgus malalignment. METHODS: Nineteen participants who had undergone ACLR 5 to 20 years previously and had symptomatic and radiographic lateral knee osteoarthritis with valgus malalignment were assessed...
January 9, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065922/floral-development-of-berberidopsis-beckleri-can-an-additional-species-of-the-berberidopsidaceae-add-evidence-to-floral-evolution-in-the-core-eudicots
#13
Louis P Ronse De Craene
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Berberidopsis beckleri is one of three species of the family Berberidopsidaceae. The flower of Berberidopsis is unusual for core eudicots in being spiral with an undifferentiated perianth. In a previous study of the sister species B. corallina, it was suggested that Berberidopsidaceae represent a prototype for the origin of the bipartite perianth and pentamery in core eudicots. METHODS: The floral development of B. beckleri was investigated with a scanning electron microscope and compared with previous studies on B...
January 8, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063762/isolated-acetabuloplasty-and-labral-repair-for-combined-type-femoroacetabular-impingement-are-we-doing-too-much
#14
Vehniah K Tjong, Mustafa M Gombera, Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Ronak M Patel, Brian Han, Prashant Deshmane, Michael A Terry
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient outcomes after isolated arthroscopic volumetric acetabular osteoplasty and labral repair for the treatment of patients with combined femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) lesions. METHODS: A review of a prospectively collected registry identified 86 patients (106 hips) with an average age of 38.1 years (range, 17-59 years) with combined-type FAI that underwent isolated acetabular osteoplasty and labral repair. Preoperative α-angle, degree of radiographic degenerative changes, and presence of a crossover sign were recorded...
January 4, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062411/mapping-morphological-shape-as-a-high-dimensional-functional-curve
#15
Guifang Fu, Mian Huang, Wenhao Bo, Han Hao, Rongling Wu
Detecting how genes regulate biological shape has become a multidisciplinary research interest because of its wide application in many disciplines. Despite its fundamental importance, the challenges of accurately extracting information from an image, statistically modeling the high-dimensional shape and meticulously locating shape quantitative trait loci (QTL) affect the progress of this research. In this article, we propose a novel integrated framework that incorporates shape analysis, statistical curve modeling and genetic mapping to detect significant QTLs regulating variation of biological shape traits...
January 6, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057632/are-two-retrograde-3-5-mm-screws-superior-to-one-7-3-mm-screw-for-anterior-pelvic-ring-fixation-in-bones-with-low-bone-mineral-density
#16
Y P Acklin, I Zderic, S Grechenig, R G Richards, P Schmitz, B Gueorguiev
OBJECTIVES: Osteosynthesis of anterior pubic ramus fractures using one large-diameter screw can be challenging in terms of both surgical procedure and fixation stability. Small-fragment screws have the advantage of following the pelvic cortex and being more flexible.The aim of the present study was to biomechanically compare retrograde intramedullary fixation of the superior pubic ramus using either one large- or two small-diameter screws. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 human cadaveric hemipelvises were analysed in a matched pair study design...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056302/-expression-of-cd10-in-cancer-associated-fibroblasts-and-its-effect-on-initiation-and-progression-of-colorectal-carcinoma
#17
Y Zhu, J J Zheng, F Yang, Q Q Nie, Z L Zhu, H Deng
Objective: To study CD10 expression in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) and related effect on colorectal cancer initiation and progression. Methods: A total of 226 surgical removed colorectal cancer specimens were collected with patient follow-up data. A panel of immunohistochemical markers(CD10, Ki-67, p53, cyclin D1 and β-catenin) were evaluated in carcinomas, adjacent adenomas and paired normal colorectal mucosa with correlation of clinicopathological parameters. Results: CD10 expression was not detected in the normal colorectal mucosa by immunohistochemistry...
December 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053499/chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-long-term-follow-up-and-vision-related-quality-of-life
#18
Myrte B Breukink, Alexander Jm Dingemans, Anneke I den Hollander, Jan Ee Keunen, Robert E MacLaren, Sascha Fauser, Giuseppe Querques, Carel B Hoyng, Susan M Downes, Camiel Jf Boon
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical findings and long-term outcome of patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (cCSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case series in 52 eyes of 36 patients with a follow-up period of at least 1 year. Extensive ophthalmic examination and a validated questionnaire concerning vision-related quality of life (National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire [NEI-VFQ]-39) were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean visual acuity showed a significant decline over time of 0...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050819/preventing-fusion-mass-shift-avoids-postoperative-distal-curve-adding-on-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#19
Hideki Shigematsu, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Mauro Bruzzone, Hiroaki Matsumori, Kin-Cheung Mak, Dino Samartzis, Keith Dip Kei Luk
BACKGROUND: Surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is only complete after achieving fusion to maintain the correction obtained intraoperatively. The instrumented or fused segments can be referred to as the "fusion mass". In patients with AIS, the ideal fusion mass strategy has been established based on fulcrum-bending radiographs for main thoracic curves. Ideally, the fusion mass should achieve parallel endplates of the upper and lower instrumented vertebra and correct any "shift" for truncal balance...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048887/su-f-i-18-altered-visual-cortex-responses-by-wide-view-fmri-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-patients
#20
W Zhou, E Muir, S Chalfin, K Nagi, G Clarke, T Duong
PURPOSE: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a common ocular disorder with progressive retinal ganglion cell loss. This study explored the application of wide view fMRI to evaluate neural activity of the whole visual cortex and its relation with visual field functions in POAG patients. METHODS: Nine subjects with diagnosed POAG (age: 59.9±10.9 y.o., 4 males) and nine age-matched healthy volunteers (age: 58.0±4.6 y.o., 6 males) were scanned on a 3T Siemens scanner...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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