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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823123/carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-spineless-cactus-as-a-replacement-for-sugarcane
#1
Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo, Ida Barbosa de Andrade, Stela Antas Urbano, Juraci Marcos Alves Suassuna, Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Tobias Tobit de Barros Melo
Objective: The fresh sugarcane has been a new roughage source for ruminant's in semiarid region, in function of the decadence of sugar and alcohol industry in the last years. However, the date published for lambs fed sugarcane associated with spineless cactus is scared. This study evaluated the effect of sugarcane replacement with spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100%) in the diet of Santa Inês lambs on carcass characteristics. Methods: Thirty-six non-castrated Santa Ines lambs at four months of age and an initial body weight of 22 ± 2...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823062/treatment-of-retinal-artery-occlusion-using-transluminal-nd-yag-laser-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Vitaly Man, Idan Hecht, Michal Talitman, Assaf Hilely, Mohamad Midlij, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash, Asaf Achiron
AIMS: To review clinical experience, efficacy, and safety of transluminal Nd:YAG laser embolectomy/embolysis (TYE) for retinal artery occlusion. METHODS:  Electronic databases were searched for all published clinical studies and case-reports reporting on TYE in central (CRAO) or branch (BRAO) retinal artery occlusion. Individual patient data was evaluated in a weighted pooled analysis. RESULTS: Sixty-one cases were reported, 47 with BRAO and 14 with CRAO...
August 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823046/organochlorine-contaminants-in-wild-mink-from-the-lower-great-lakes-basin-canada-1998-2006
#3
Pamela A Martin, Tana V McDaniel, Kimberley D Hughes, Bruce Hunter
Organochlorine contaminants were measured in livers of wild mink (Neovison vison) trapped in the lower Great Lakes basin from 1998 to 2006. To assess exposure and potential risk in mink feeding on Great Lakes biota, concentrations of contaminants were compared in mink trapped within 7.8 km of the shoreline as well as at inland sites (i.e., 8-40 km). Overall, significant spatial variation in mean hepatic concentrations of sum PCBs and seven other organochlorines was found in mink from 13 Great Lakes sites, many of which are within the Great Lakes Areas of Concern...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823017/near-infrared-spectroscopy-monitoring-during-immediate-transition-after-birth-time-to-obtain-cerebral-tissue-oxygenation
#4
Evelyn Ziehenberger, Berndt Urlesberger, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Bernhard Schwaberger, Nariae Baik-Schneditz, Gerhard Pichler
Feasibility of cerebral tissue oxygenation measurements immediately after birth has been published starting with first values 2 min after birth. Aim of this study was to evaluate, the time periods from birth and from arrival at the resuscitation table to obtain the first cerebral tissue oxygenation values with two different near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) devices. The present study is an analysis of exploratory parameters of two prospective observational studies. Cerebral tissue oxygen saturation was measured by the NIRO 200NX measuring "cerebral-tissue-oxygenation-index" (cTOI) or the INVOS5100C measuring "cerebral-regional-oxygen-saturation" (crSO2)...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822982/evaluation-of-aortic-regurgitation-with-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
James C Lee, Kelley R Branch, Christian Hamilton-Craig, Eric V Krieger
This review summaries the utility, application and data supporting use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to evaluate and quantitate aortic regurgitation. We systematically searched Medline and PubMed for original research articles published since 2000 that provided data on the quantitation of aortic regurgitation by CMR and identified 11 articles for review. Direct aortic measurements using phase contrast allow quantitation of volumetric flow across the aortic valve and are highly reproducible and accurate compared with echocardiography...
August 19, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822909/variation-in-basal-body-localisation-and-targeting-of-trypanosome-rp2-and-for20-proteins
#6
Jane Harmer, Xin Qi, Gabriella Toniolo, Aysha Patel, Hannah Shaw, Fiona E Benson, Michael L Ginger, Paul G McKean
TOF-LisH-PLL motifs define FOP family proteins; some members are involved in flagellum assembly. The critical role of FOP family protein FOR20 is poorly understood. Here, we report relative localisations of the four FOP family proteins in parasitic Trypanosoma brucei: TbRP2, TbOFD1 and TbFOP/FOP1-like are mature basal body proteins whereas TbFOR20 is present on pro- and mature basal bodies - on the latter it localises distal to TbRP2. We discuss how the data, together with published work for another protist Giardia intestinalis, informs on likely FOR20 function...
July 13, 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822884/with-directed-study-before-a-4-day-operating-room-management-course-trust-in-the-content-did-not-change-progressively-during-the-classroom-time
#7
Franklin Dexter, Richard H Epstein, Brenda G Fahy, Lyn M Van Swol
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A 4-day course in operating room (OR) management is sufficient to provide anesthesiologists with the knowledge and problem solving skills needed to participate in projects of the systems-based-practice competency. Anesthesiologists may need to learn fewer topics when the objective is, instead, limited to comprehension of decision-making on the day of surgery, We tested the hypothesis that trust in course content would not increase further after completion of topics related to OR decision-making on the day of surgery...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822876/effect-of-maternal-feed-restriction-on-prenatal-development-in-rats-and-rabbits-a-review-of-published-data
#8
Dana Nitzsche
With respect to hazard classification for developmental toxicity under the CLP Regulation it is important to consider the possible influence of maternal toxicity. The aim of the present review was to characterize to which extent developmental effects could be caused by non-specific maternal toxicity. Such effects would not be relevant for classification. In prenatal developmental toxicity studies, the administration of high doses is given in the guideline. The associated non-specific systemic toxicity often affects the maternal body weight...
August 16, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822833/complete-knockout-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-is-not-directly-protective-in-murine-lupus
#9
Jennifer L Scott, Jena R Wirth, Jackie Eudaly, Phil Ruiz, Melissa A Cunningham
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic and potentially severe autoimmune disease that disproportionately affects women. Despite a known role for hormonal factors impacting autoimmunity and disease pathogenesis, the specific mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. Our laboratory previously backcrossed "estrogen receptor alpha knockout (ERαKO)" mice onto the NZM2410 lupus prone background to generate NZM/ERαKO mice. This original ERαKO mouse, developed in the mid-1990s and utilized in hundreds of published studies, is not in fact ERα null...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822821/what-makes-journal-club-effective-a-survey-of-orthopaedic-residents-and-faculty
#10
Sean T Campbell, Jason R Kang, Julius A Bishop
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs play an important role in the education of orthopaedic surgery residents; however, there are sparse data available on the characteristics that make journal clubs effective. OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to determine the characteristics of effective journal clubs as identified by orthopaedic residents and faculty. We sought to compare the opinions of residents and faculty in order to identify areas that may benefit from future research and discussion...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822810/post-stress-metabolic-trajectories-in-young-and-old-flies
#11
Hervé Colinet, David Renault
Hallmarks of aging and age-related mortality (actuarial senescence) have received major focus in the published literature, while fewer studies have investigated functional senescence. Age-related decline in the performance of organism is particularly important for organisms exposed to environmental stress, as the range of conditions allowing physiological equilibria narrows with age (homeostenosis concept). During aging, compensatory metabolic responses might occur to maintain the redox potential and homeostasis...
August 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822787/global-regional-and-national-deaths-prevalence-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822735/-the-care-of-skin-lesions-caused-by-extravasation-of-intravenous-fluids-in-peripheral-venous-perfusion
#13
C Ly
INTRODUCTION: Infiltration and extravasation account for 23-78 % of the complications stemming from peripheral venous perfusions in neonatal intensive care units. Their consequences, sometimes dramatic, can be pain, infections, or even loss of skin, which can lead to nerve and/or muscle damage, particularly severe for preterm neonates. Today there are no recommendations on the care of these lesions, which can lead to an erroneous choice or to a delay in the possible treatments. OBJECTIVE: This review of the literature aims to explore and propose elements of therapeutic care collected in the scientific literature...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822733/-blood-transfusion-to-pre-term-neonates-what-is-new-in-the-french-guidelines-since-2002
#14
G Favrais, B Wibaut, P Pladys, E Saliba
This document updates the "Guidelines for the Administration of Blood Products: Transfusion of Infants and Neonates" published in 2002 by the French National Authority for Health (HAS). In doing so, it acknowledges changes in transfusion practices during the past decade, particularly with respect to safety issues and additional published transfusion-related guidelines. The major modifications concern irregular agglutinin screening indications before 4 months of age, a limitation of blood irradiation, and a non-recommendation for systematically checking for cytomegalovirus status...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822702/antibody-mediated-extreme-insulin-resistance-a-report-of-three-cases
#15
Han Na Kim, Betiel Fesseha, Laura Anzaldi, Allison Tsao, Panagis Galiatsatos, Aniket Sidhaye
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by relative insulin deficiency and insulin resistance. Features suggesting severe insulin resistance include acanthosis nigricans, hyperandrogenism, weight loss, and recurrent hospital admissions for diabetic ketoacidosis. In rare circumstances, hyperglycemia persists despite administration of massive doses of insulin. In these cases, it is important to consider autoimmune etiologies for insulin resistance such as type B insulin resistance and insulin antibody-mediated extreme insulin resistance, which carry high morbidity and mortality if untreated...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822697/head-and-neck-myiasis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Leni Verônica de Oliveira Silva, Pedro Urquiza Jayme Silva, Eugênia Leal de Figueiredo, Gerhilde Callou, Ricardo Alves Mesquita, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: This study describes 9 cases of myiasis affecting the head and neck region and discusses the demographic distribution, treatment, clinical characteristics, and sequelae of the disease in light of the literature. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed in 2 steps. In the first part, 9 cases seen over a period of 10 years at the Emergency Department of Hospital da Restauração in Brazil were studied. In the second part, a literature search was performed in PubMed for articles on head and neck myiasis published from 1975 to March 2017...
July 5, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822692/complex-clinical-intersection-palliative-care-in-patients-with-dementia
#17
REVIEW
Ellen E Lee, Beverly Chang, Steven Huege, Jeremy Hirst
Because of the rapidly growing older population and increases in longevity, rates of dementia have been rising. Clinical challenges of treating dementia include limited resources and lack of curative therapies. Palliative care approaches improve quality of life and alleviate suffering for dementia patients at the end of life, although implementation may be limited by societal acceptance and feasibility. This review examines the published literature on pain assessments, pain and behavior interventions, tools for advanced care planning, and clinical concerns in dementia patients...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822680/outcomes-of-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-octogenarians-meta-analysis-and-systemic-review
#18
REVIEW
Y Han, S Zhang, J Zhang, C Ji, H-H Eckstein
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to highlight the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to assess safety and effectiveness in patients older than 80 years of age compared with younger patients. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used; quality was appraised, and data were extracted and analysed following the Cochrane collaboration. The MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched on December 31, 2016...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822645/diphtheria-vaccine-who-position-paper-august-2017-recommendations
#19
World Health Organization
This article presents the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations on the use of diphtheria vaccines excerpted from the Diphtheria vaccines: WHO position paper, August 2017, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record (Diphtheria vaccine, 2017) [1]. This position paper replaces the 2006 WHO position paper on diphtheria vaccine (Diphtheria vaccine, 2006) [2]. The position paper incorporates recent evidence on diphtheria and provides revised recommendations on the optimal number of doses and timing of diphtheria vaccination...
August 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822594/-grade-evidence-to-decision-etd-frameworks-a-systematic-and-transparent-approach-to-making-well-informed-healthcare-choices-1-introduction
#20
Pablo Alonso-Coello, Holger J Schünemann, Jenny Moberg, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Elie A Akl, Marina Davoli, Shaun Treweek, Reem A Mustafa, Gabriel Rada, Sarah Rosenbaum, Angela Morelli, Gordon H Guyatt, Andrew D Oxman
Clinicians, guideline developers, and policymakers sometimes neglect important criteria, give undue weight to criteria, and do not use the best available evidence to inform their judgments. Explicit and transparent systems for decision making can help to ensure that all important criteria are considered and that decisions are informed by the best available research evidence. The GRADE Working Group has developed Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks for the different type of recommendations or decisions. The purpose of EtD frameworks is to help people use evidence in a structured and transparent way to inform decisions in the context of clinical recommendations, coverage decisions, and health system or public health recommendations and decisions...
August 16, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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