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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679939/semi-volatile-organic-compounds-in-the-snow-of-russian-arctic-islands-archipelago-novaya-zemlya
#1
A T Lebedev, D M Mazur, O V Polyakova, D S Kosyakov, A Yu Kozhevnikov, T B Latkin, I Andreeva Yu, V B Artaev
Environmental contamination of the Arctic has widely been used as a worldwide pollution marker. Various classes of organic pollutants such as pesticides, personal care products, PAHs, flame retardants, biomass burning markers, and many others emerging contaminants have been regularly detected in Arctic samples. Although numerous papers have been published reporting data from the Canadian, Danish, and Norwegian Arctic regions, the environmental situation in Russian Arctic remains mostly underreported. Snow analysis is known to be used for monitoring air pollution in the regions with cold climate in both short-term and long-term studies...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679851/electronic-journal-clubs-for-capacity-building-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-as-a-model-for-medical-disciplines-in-developing-countries
#2
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679749/matching-adjusted-comparisons-demonstrate-better-clinical-outcomes-with-sc-peginterferon-beta-1a-every-two-weeks-than-with-sc-interferon-beta-1a-three-times-per-week
#3
Patricia K Coyle, Shulian Shang, Zhen Xiao, Qunming Dong, Carmen Castrillo-Viguera
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous (SC) peginterferon beta-1a and SC interferon beta-1a (IFN beta-1a) have demonstrated efficacy in treating relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) but have never been compared in direct head-to-head clinical trials, the gold-standard comparison. A well-balanced matching-adjusted comparison of weighted individual patient data on SC peginterferon beta-1a, and aggregate data from published phase 3 clinical trials of SC IFN beta-1a, was conducted to provide additional information on the comparative efficacy of these two agents...
February 18, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679657/eleven-loci-with-new-reproducible-genetic-associations-with-allergic-disease-risk
#4
Manuel Ar Ferreira, Judith M Vonk, Hansjörg Baurecht, Ingo Marenholz, Chao Tian, Joshua D Hoffman, Quinta Helmer, Annika Tillander, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Yi Lu, Franz Rüschendorf, David A Hinds, Norbert Hübner, Stephan Weidinger, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Eric Jorgenson, Young-Ae Lee, Dorret I Boomsma, Robert Karlsson, Catarina Almqvist, Gerard H Koppelman, Lavinia Paternoster
BACKGROUND: A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified 99 loci that contain genetic risk variants shared between asthma, hay fever and eczema. Many more risk loci shared between these common allergic diseases remain to be discovered, which could point to new therapeutic opportunities. OBJECTIVE: To identify novel risk loci shared between asthma, hay fever and eczema by applying a gene-based test of association to results from a published GWAS that included data from 360,838 individuals...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679540/the-free-energy-of-biomembrane-and-nerve-excitation-and-the-role-of-anesthetics
#5
Tian Wang, Tea Mužić, Andrew D Jackson, Thomas Heimburg
In the electromechanical theory of nerve stimulation, the nerve impulse consists of a traveling region of solid membrane in a liquid environment. Therefore, the free energy necessary to stimulate a pulse is directly related to the free energy difference necessary to induce a phase transition in the nerve membrane. It is a function of temperature and pressure, and it is sensitively dependent on the presence of anesthetics which lower melting transitions. We investigate the free energy difference of solid and liquid membrane phases under the influence of anesthetics...
April 18, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679513/weight-suppression-as-a-predictor-variable-in-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Paul E Jenkins, Jocelyn Lebow, Renee D Rienecke
INTRODUCTION: Weight suppression (WS - the difference between highest body weight and current body weight) has been proposed as a predictor of treatment outcome within eating disorders (EDs), although this hypothesis has not been consistently supported. AIM/QUESTION: Review the association between pre-treatment WS and outcome following psychological treatment for EDs. METHOD: A comprehensive electronic database search for published and unpublished literature from 1979 to 2017...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679491/ionizing-radiation-induced-acoustics-for-radiotherapy-and-diagnostic-radiology-applications
#7
Susannah Hickling, Liangzhong Xiang, Kevin C Jones, Katia Parodi, Walter Assmann, Stephen Avery, Maritza Hobson, Issam El Naqa
Acoustic waves are induced via the thermoacoustic effect in objects exposed to a pulsed beam of ionizing radiation. This phenomenon has interesting potential applications in both radiotherapy dosimetry and treatment guidance as well as low dose radiological imaging. After initial work in the field in the 1980s and early 1990s, little research was done until 2013 when interest was rejuvenated, spurred on by technological advances in ultrasound transducers and the increasing complexity of radiotherapy delivery systems...
April 21, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679443/a-20-year-review-the-use-of-exception-from-informed-consent-and-waiver-of-informed-consent-in-emergency-research
#8
Lauren Klein, Johanna Moore, Michelle Biros
BACKGROUND: Due to the acuity and time sensitive needs of their clinical condition, patients presenting with certain emergent pathologies may lack capacity to provide meaningful prospective informed consent to participate in clinical research. For these reasons, these populations have often been excluded from research investigations. To mitigate this, regulations allowing Exception from Informed Consent (EFIC) (21 CFR 50.24) or Waiver of Informed Consent (WIC) (45 CFR 46.101) were developed in 1996...
April 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679367/a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-of-reporting-of-simulation-studies-about-methods-for-the-analysis-of-complex-longitudinal-patient-reported-outcomes-data
#9
REVIEW
Aynslie M Hinds, Tolulope T Sajobi, Véronique Sebille, Richard Sawatzky, Lisa M Lix
PURPOSE: This study describes the characteristics and quality of reporting for published computer simulation studies about statistical methods to analyze complex longitudinal (i.e., repeated measures) patient-reported outcomes (PROs); we included methods for longitudinal latent variable measurement and growth models and response shift. METHODS: Scopus, PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, and Social Science Citation Index were searched for English-language studies published between 1999 and 2016 using selected keywords...
April 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679361/correction-to-floral-development-of-petaloid-alismatales-as-an-insight-into-the-origin-of-the-trimerous-bauplan-in-monocot-flowers
#10
Akitoshi Iwamoto, Ayaka Nakamura, Shinichi Kurihara, Ayumi Otani, Louis P Ronse De Craene
The caption of Figure 5 was published incorrectly in the original publication of the article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679316/cost-effectiveness-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reviewing-the-available-evidence
#11
Didik Setiawan, Abrham Wondimu, KohJun Ong, Albert Jan van Hoek, Maarten J Postma
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men require special attention for human papillomavirus vaccination given elevated infection risks and the development of, in particular, anal cancer. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to review the cost effectiveness of human papillomavirus vaccination for both currently vaccine-eligible and non-eligible individuals, particularly the men-who-have-sex-with-men population, and synthesize the available evidence. METHODS: We systematically searched for published articles in two main databases (PubMed and EMBASE)...
April 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679315/correction-to-comparing-the-uk-eq-5d-3l-and-english-eq-5d-5l-value-sets
#12
Brendan Mulhern, Yan Feng, Koonal Shah, Mathieu F Janssen, Michael Herdman, Ben van Hout, Nancy Devlin
The article Comparing the UK EQ-5D-3L and English EQ-5D-5L Value Sets, written by Brendan Mulhern, Yan Feng, Koonal Shah, Mathieu F. Janssen, Michael Herdman, Ben van Hout, Nancy Devlin was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on February 23, 2018 without open access.
April 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679308/correction-to-interactions-between-%C3%AE-adrenergic-vasodilation-and-cervical-sympathetic-nerves-are-mediated-by-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptors-in-the-rat-masseter-muscle
#13
Hisayoshi Ishii, Toshiya Sato
The article Interactions between β-adrenergic vasodilation and cervical sympathetic nerves are mediated by α2-adrenoceptors in the rat masseter muscle, written by Hisayoshi Ishii and Toshiya Sato, was originally published Online First without open access.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679307/correction-to-nicotine-inhibits-activation-of-microglial-proton-currents-via-interactions-with-%C3%AE-7-acetylcholine-receptors
#14
Mami Noda, A I Kobayashi
The article Nicotine inhibits activation of microglial proton currents via interactions with α7 acetylcholine receptors, written by Mami Noda and AI Kobayashi, was originally published Online First without open access. After publication in volume 67, issue 1, pages 235-245.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679281/correction-to-onabotulinumtoxina-a-review-in-the-prevention-of-chronic-migraine
#15
James E Frampton, Stephen Silberstein
The article OnabotulinumtoxinA: A Review in the Prevention of Chronic Migraine, written by James E. Frampton and Stephen Silberstein, was originally published Online First without open access. After publication in volume 78, issue 5, pages 589-600 [funder] requested that the article be Open Choice to make the article an open access publication. Post-publication open access was funded by [funder]. Further details may be found at [MedEngine webpage link].
April 20, 2018: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679215/diagnostic-role-of-serum-tryptase-in-anaphylactic-deaths-in-forensic-medicine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Kai-Jian Sun, Jie-Tao He, Hong-Yan Huang, Ye Xue, Xiao-Li Xie, Qi Wang
Postmortem diagnosis of sudden death due to anaphylaxis can be very difficult due to the non-specific pathological findings in forensic practice. Postmortem serum tryptase has been used as an indicator of possible ante-mortem anaphylaxis. Though many previous studies have been conducted to explore the diagnostic significance of serum tryptase for lethal anaphylaxis, inconsistent results were documented. In this study, we made a retrospective study and presented a systematic review and meta-analysis that aims to summarize the diagnostic significance of postmortem serum tryptase in the deceased with and without anaphylactic shock and to calculate a cutoff value for future reference in the identification of deaths due to anaphylactic shock...
April 21, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679209/quadriceps-tendon-autograft-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#17
REVIEW
Christian Fink, Robert Steensen, Peter Gföller, Robert Lawton
PURPOSE: Critically evaluate the published literature related to quadriceps tendon (QT) medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. RECENT FINDINGS: Hamstring tendon (HT) MPFL reconstruction techniques have been shown to successfully restore patella stability, but complications including patella fracture are reported. Quadriceps tendon (QT) reconstruction techniques with an intact graft pedicle on the patella side have the advantage that patella bone tunnel drilling and fixation are no longer needed, reducing risk of patella fracture...
April 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679206/injury-prevention-and-return-to-play-strategies-in-elite-football-no-consent-between-players-and-team-coaches
#18
Oliver Loose, Leonard Achenbach, Birgit Fellner, Jennifer Lehmann, Petra Jansen, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are a common problem in football. To improve prevention strategies, the players' (p) and coaches' (c) views need to be disclosed as they have a strong impact on return to play decisions. The aim of this study is to reveal current opinions with regard to injury prevention and return to play strategies to introduce new strategies in elite football. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective data analysis of elite salaried football players (n = 486) and team coaches (n = 88), a detailed investigation by means of a standardized questionnaire was carried out...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679204/efficacy-of-curcumin-for-age-associated-cognitive-decline-a-narrative-review-of-preclinical-and-clinical-studies
#19
REVIEW
Marjana Rahman Sarker, Susan F Franks
Processes such as aberrant redox signaling and chronic low-grade systemic inflammation have been reported to modulate age-associated pathologies such as cognitive impairment. Curcumin, the primary therapeutic component of the Indian spice, Turmeric (Curcuma longa), has long been known for its strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity attributable to its unique molecular structure. Recently, an interest in this polyphenol as a cognitive therapeutic for the elderly has emerged. The purpose of this paper is to critically review preclinical and clinical studies that have evaluated the efficacy of curcumin in ameliorating and preventing age-associated cognitive decline and address the translational progress of preclinical to clinical efficacy...
April 21, 2018: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679162/circulating-troponin-i-level-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#20
REVIEW
Jacob VanHouten, Gregory Fricker, Bridget Collins, Ritwik Bhatia, Christopher Ellis, Matthew Schrag
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiac troponin levels in the blood are an important biomarker of acute coronary events, but may also be elevated in the context of acute ischemic stroke without an obvious concurrent myocardial insult. The objective of this study and systematic review is to determine how high the circulating troponin I level can rise due to ischemic stroke. RECENT FINDINGS: Anonymized medical records from Vanderbilt University Medical Center were reviewed identifying 151,972 unique acute ischemic stroke events, of which 1226 met criteria for inclusion in this study...
April 20, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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