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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346709/rating-the-quality-of-a-body-of-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-health-and-social-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-mapping-of-evidence-domains
#1
Ani Movsisyan, Jane Dennis, Eva Rehfuess, Sean Grant, Paul Montgomery
INTRODUCTION: Rating the quality of a body of evidence is an increasingly common component of research syntheses on intervention effectiveness. This study sought to identify and examine existing systems for rating the quality of a body of evidence on the effectiveness of health and social interventions. METHODS: We used a multi-component search strategy to search for full-length reports of systems for rating the quality of a body of evidence on the effectiveness of health and social interventions published in English from 1995 onward...
January 18, 2018: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346666/gypsy-roma-and-traveller-access-to-and-engagement-with-health-services-a-systematic-review
#2
Alison McFadden, Lindsay Siebelt, Anna Gavine, Karl Atkin, Kerry Bell, Nicola Innes, Helen Jones, Cath Jackson, Haggi Haggi, Steve MacGillivray
Background: Gypsy, Roma and Traveller people represent the most disadvantaged minority groups in Europe, having the poorest health outcomes. This systematic review addressed the question of how Gypsy, Roma and Traveller people access healthcare and what are the best ways to enhance their engagement with health services. Methods: Searches were conducted in 21 electronic databases complemented by a focussed Google search. Studies were included if they had sufficient focus on Gypsy, Roma or Traveller populations; reported data pertinent to healthcare service use or engagement and were published in English from 2000 to 2015...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346635/a-scoping-study-of-frameworks-for-adapting-public-health-evidence-based-interventions
#3
Cam Escoffery, Erin Lebow-Skelley, Hallie Udelson, Elaine A Böing, Richard Wood, Maria E Fernandez, Patricia D Mullen
Evidence-based public health translation of research to practice is essential to improve the public's health. Dissemination and implementation researchers have explored what happens once practitioners adopt evidence-based interventions (EBIs) and have developed models and frameworks to describe the adaptation process. This scoping study identified and summarized adaptation frameworks in published reports and grey literature. We followed the recommended steps of a scoping study: (a) identifying the research question; (b) identifying relevant studies; (c) selecting studies; (d) charting the data; (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results; and (f) consulting with experts...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346209/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-the-society-of-cardiovascular-anesthesiologists-and-the-american-society-of-extracorporeal-technology-clinical-practice-guidelines-anticoagulation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#4
Linda Shore-Lesserson, Robert A Baker, Victor A Ferraris, Philip E Greilich, David Fitzgerald, Philip Roman, John W Hammon
Despite more than a half century of "safe" cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the evidence base surrounding the conduct of anticoagulation therapy for CPB has not been organized into a succinct guideline. For this and other reasons, there is enormous practice variability relating to the use and dosing of heparin, monitoring heparin anticoagulation, reversal of anticoagulation, and the use of alternative anticoagulants. To address this and other gaps, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, and the American Society of Extracorporeal Technology developed an Evidence Based Workgroup...
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346189/the-impact-of-implementing-tobacco-control-policies-the-2017-tobacco-control-policy-scorecard
#5
David T Levy, Jamie Tam, Charlene Kuo, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank Chaloupka
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous evidence was limited: tobacco control programs, graphic health warnings, and marketing bans...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346146/use-of-oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-collagen-matrix-in-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#6
Gisele Chicone, Viviane Fernandes de Carvalho, André Oliveira Paggiaro
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic wounds that do not heal completely usually exhibit inflammatory markers, increased protease activity, and reduced levels of growth factors and cell count. A systematic review was performed to determine whether there is enough evidence to support the use of an oxidized regenerated cellulose/collagen matrix (ORC+C) to treat diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHODS: Study authors analyzed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on ORC+C dressings for the treatment of DFUs...
February 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346042/treatment-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#7
Hedy L Kindler, Nofisat Ismaila, Samuel G Armato, Raphael Bueno, Mary Hesdorffer, Thierry Jahan, Clyde Michael Jones, Markku Miettinen, Harvey Pass, Andreas Rimner, Valerie Rusch, Daniel Sterman, Anish Thomas, Raffit Hassan
Purpose To provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing physicians and others on the management of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Methods ASCO convened an Expert Panel of medical oncology, thoracic surgery, radiation oncology, pulmonary, pathology, imaging, and advocacy experts to conduct a literature search, which included systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, and prospective and retrospective comparative observational studies published from 1990 through 2017. Outcomes of interest included survival, disease-free or recurrence-free survival, and quality of life...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346004/universal-lead-screening-requirement-a-california-case-study
#8
Sara B McMenamin, Sarah P Hiller, Erin Shigekawa, Troy Melander, Riti Shimkhada
OBJECTIVES: To estimate potential impacts of California Assembly Bill (AB) 1316: a requirement for universal screening and insurance coverage for child blood lead testing. METHODS: In April 2017 the California Health Benefits Review Program (Oakland, CA) analyzed AB 1316 for the California legislature, including a systematic review of lead screening effectiveness, commercial insurer surveys regarding screening coverage, and actuarial utilization and cost implication assessments...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345505/the-pharmacological-management-of-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Julie Rask Larsen, Lorena Dima, Christoph U Correll, Peter Manu
Introduction The metabolic syndrome includes a constellation of several well-established risk factors, which need to be aggressively treated in order to prevent overt type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. While recent guidelines for the treatment of individual components of the metabolic syndrome focus on cardiovascular benefits as resulted from clinical trials, specific recent recommendations on the pharmacological management of metabolic syndrome are lacking. The objective of present paper was to review the therapeutic options for metabolic syndrome and its components, the available evidence related to their cardiovascular benefits, and to evaluate the extent to which they should influence the guidelines for clinical practice...
January 18, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345487/on-the-general-acceptance-of-confessions-research-opinions-of-the-scientific-community
#10
Saul M Kassin, Allison D Redlich, Fabiana Alceste, Timothy J Luke
Eighty-seven experts on the psychology of confessions-many of whom were highly published, many with courtroom experience-were surveyed online about their opinions on 30 propositions of relevance to deception detection, police interrogations, confessions, and relevant general principles of psychology. As indicated by an agreement rate of at least 80%, there was a strong consensus that several findings are sufficiently reliable to present in court. This list includes but is not limited to the proposition that the risk of false confessions is increased not only by explicit threats and promises but by 2 common interrogation tactics-namely, the false evidence ploy and minimization tactics that imply leniency by offering sympathy and moral justification...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345427/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-shoulder-injuries-and-conditions-in-the-emergency-department-part-4-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#11
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Shoulder injuries are a commonly presenting complaint to the ED. In the absence of an obvious deformity, they can be difficult to assess and definitively diagnose because of the multiple structures that cause shoulder pain, the acuity and severity of pain and the lack of range of motion in the ED setting. The quality of ED care provided to patients with musculoskeletal shoulder pain is crucial to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common shoulder injuries and conditions in the ED...
January 18, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345214/deciding-to-adopt-revised-and-new-psychological-and-neuropsychological-tests-an-inter-organizational-position-paper
#12
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345042/a-systematic-review-of-community-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#13
REVIEW
C J Moores, L K Bell, J Miller, R A Damarell, L Matwiejczyk, M D Miller
Adolescent obesity is a risk factor for obesity and other chronic disease in adulthood. Evidence for the effectiveness of community-based obesity treatment programs for adolescents is required to inform policy and clinical decisions. This systematic review aims to evaluate recent effective and scalable community-based weight management programs for adolescents (13-17 years) who are overweight or obese. Eight databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Informit, and Scopus) were searched for studies published between January 2011-2 March 2017 which are scalable in a community setting and reported primary outcome measures relating to weight...
January 17, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344906/mortality-in-patients-with-non-functioning-pituitary-adenoma
#14
REVIEW
Metaxia Tampourlou, Athanasios Fountas, Georgia Ntali, Niki Karavitaki
Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) are benign pituitary neoplasms not associated with clinical evidence of hormonal hypersecretion. A substantial number of patients with NFA have morbidities related to the tumor and possible recurrence(s), as well as to the treatments offered. Studies assessing the long-term mortality of patients with NFA are limited. Based on the published literature of the last two decades, overall, the standardized mortality ratios in this group suggest mortality higher than that of the general population with deaths attributed mainly to circulatory, respiratory and infectious causes...
January 17, 2018: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344847/the-effect-of-surgical-management-of-endometrioma-on-the-ivf-icsi-outcomes-when-compared-with-no-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
M Nickkho-Amiry, R Savant, K Majumder, E Edi-O'sagie, M Akhtar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of surgical management of endometrioma on the outcome of assisted reproduction treatment (ART). DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Department of reproductive medicine at teaching university hospital, UK. PATIENTS: Subfertile women with endometrioma undergoing ART. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical removal of endometrioma or expectant management. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical pregnancy rate, pregnancy rate, live birth rate, number of oocytes retrieved and number of embryos available and ovarian response to gonadotrophins...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344778/the-relationship-between-vancomycin-trough-concentrations-and-auc-mic-ratios-in-pediatric-patients-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Stacey Tkachuk, Kyle Collins, Mary H H Ensom
BACKGROUND: In adults, the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is associated with better clinical and bacteriological response to vancomycin in patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus who achieve target AUC/MIC ≥ 400. This target is often extrapolated to pediatric patients despite the lack of similar evidence. The impracticalities of calculating the AUC in practice means vancomycin trough concentrations are used to predict the AUC/MIC...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344739/what-we-have-learned-from-the-recent-meta-analyses-on-diagnostic-methods-for-atherosclerotic-plaque-regression
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Simona Mastrangeli, Enrico Romagnoli, Mariangela Peruzzi, Giacomo Frati, Leonardo Roever, Arturo Giordano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atherosclerosis has major morbidity and mortality implications globally. While it has often been considered an irreversible degenerative process, recent evidence provides compelling proof that atherosclerosis can be reversed. Plaque regression is however difficult to appraise and quantify, with competing diagnostic methods available. Given the potential of evidence synthesis to provide clinical guidance, we aimed to review recent meta-analyses on diagnostic methods for atherosclerotic plaque regression...
January 17, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344727/work-related-stress-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-factor-in-police-officers-a-systematic-review-of-evidence
#18
N Magnavita, I Capitanelli, S Garbarino, E Pira
PURPOSE: Several studies suggest that work-related stress in police officers may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. A systematic review of studies is, however, still lacking. METHOD: According to PRISMA statement, a systematic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Cinahl and PsychInfo electronic databases was undertaken. Studies published in English between 1/1/2000 and 31/12/2016 were included. A studies quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle Ottawa scale (NOS)...
January 17, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344677/is-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-public-health-concern-for-low-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
Kevin D Cashman, Tony Sheehy, Colette M O'Neill
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency has been receiving increasing attention as a potential public health concern in low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), of which there are currently 83. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive systematic literature review (SLR) of available data on vitamin D status and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in all 83 LMICs. METHODS: We followed the general methodology for SLRs in the area of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Highest priority was placed on identifying relevant population-based studies, followed by cross-sectional studies, and to a lesser extent case-control studies...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344575/mammary-myofibroblastoma-in-a-transgender-patient-on-feminizing-hormones-literature-review-and-case-report
#20
Jane O'Bryan, Carolyn Wolf-Gould, Yoshiro Matsuo
Purpose: Defining the risk of neoplasia associated with gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) is a priority for transgender medical research. The purposes of this article are to present a unique case of breast neoplasia in a transgender individual and to review the existing evidence base on GAHT as a potential risk for breast pathology. Methods: We present the case of a 76-year-old transgender patient who developed an estrogen receptor-positive mammary myofibroblastoma (MFB) after 13 months of treatment on feminizing hormones...
2018: Transgender Health
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