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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101323/gabapentin-treatment-in-clozapine-induced-restless-legs-syndrome-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Vijaya Kumar, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neuro-sensorimotor disorder affecting 2-4% of adults. It is characterized by intense urges to move the legs, associated with unpleasant sensory disturbances in the legs occurring at rest and manifests mostly in the evening and night, relieved by movement. Diagnosis is primarily based on clinical presentation and the consensus criteria for the diagnosis have been established. Antipsychotics, the dopamine antagonists, have been reported to induce RLS. Dopamine agonists, the effective first-line treatment of RLS, carry the risk of inducing or worsening psychosis...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065687/restless-legs-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-research-roadmap
#2
REVIEW
Daniel J Gottlieb, Virend K Somers, Naresh M Punjabi, John W Winkelman
In this paper, we first critically appraise the epidemiologic literature examining the association of restless legs syndrome (RLS) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and then consider whether lessons learned from the study of cardiovascular consequences of other sleep disorders might inform a research agenda to examine the potential mechanisms of cardiovascular morbidity of RLS. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are both mixed as to whether there is a meaningful association of RLS and CVD. On the other hand, numerous cross-sectional and longitudinal observational studies have shown a strong association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with CVD risk...
October 27, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065402/genetics-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#3
Juliane Winkelmann, Barbara Schormair, Lan Xiong, Patrick A Dion, David B Rye, Guy A Rouleau
At the outset of genetic studies in restless legs syndrome (RLS), the disorder was assumed to be a classical monogenic disorder that runs in families. However, years of family studies did not reveal any causally-related genes or genetic variants. The advent of high-throughput genotyping technology led to a change; genome-wide association studies in large case-control samples became feasible, which led to the identification of first genetic risk variants for RLS. Variants detected by this approach are common ones, which that individually confer only a minor increase in risk of disease...
November 12, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019055/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-an-idiopathic-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behaviour-disorder-in-korea
#4
Keun Tae Kim, Gholam K Motamedi, Yong Won Cho
There have been few quality of life studies in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. We compared the quality of life in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder patients to healthy controls, patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus without complication and idiopathic restless legs syndrome. Sixty patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (24 female; mean age: 61.43 ± 8.99) were enrolled retrospectively. The diagnosis was established based on sleep history, overnight polysomnography, neurological examination and Mini-Mental State Examination to exclude secondary rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017182/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-during-detoxification-from-alcohol-and-opioids
#5
Susan E Mackie, R Kathryn McHugh, Katherine McDermott, Margaret L Griffin, John W Winkelman, Roger D Weiss
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a movement disorder associated with adverse health outcomes and decreased quality of life. Small case series suggest that symptoms of RLS occur during opioid withdrawal. However, the prevalence is unknown. METHODS: We conducted an observational study to determine the prevalence of RLS among inpatients patients receiving buprenorphine detoxification from opioids. To assess the specificity of RLS to opioid detoxification, we also evaluated patients receiving detoxification from alcohol as a comparison group...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908587/higher-nocturnal-systolic-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-restless-legs-syndrome-compared-with-patients-with-insomnia
#6
Mariusz Sieminski, Kamil Chwojnicki, Markku Partinenen
BACKGROUND: There is evidence linking restless legs syndrome (RLS) with increased blood pressure (BP), but the mechanism of this relation remains unclear. Is the BP increased due to some features of RLS or to deterioration of sleep caused by RLS? This study compared values of nocturnal BP in patients with RLS and patients with insomnia. If increased BP in RLS is a consequence of disordered sleep, then it should be similar to increased BP in insomnia. METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings of patients admitted to a sleep center with RLS or insomnia were analyzed...
November 1, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890390/world-association-of-sleep-medicine-wasm-2016-standards-for-recording-and-scoring-leg-movements-in-polysomnograms-developed-by-a-joint-task-force-from-the-international-and-the-european-restless-legs-syndrome-study-groups-irlssg-and-eurlssg
#7
R Ferri, S Fulda, R P Allen, M Zucconi, O Bruni, S Chokroverty, L Ferini-Strambi, B Frauscher, D Garcia-Borreguero, M Hirshkowitz, B Högl, Y Inoue, A Jahangir, M Manconi, C L Marcus, D L Picchietti, G Plazzi, J W Winkelman, R S Zak
This report presents the results of the work by a joint task force of the International and European Restless Legs Syndrome Study Groups and World Association of Sleep Medicine that revised and updated the current standards for recording and scoring leg movements (LM) in polysomnographic recordings (PSG). First, the background of the decisions made and the explanations of the new rules are reported and then specific standard rules are presented for recording, detecting, scoring and reporting LM activity in PSG...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863901/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-disorders-of-sleep-and-wakefulness-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-2005-to-2015
#8
REVIEW
Lama M Chahine, Amy W Amara, Aleksandar Videnovic
Sleep disorders are among the most common non-motor manifestations in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on quality of life. While sleep disorders in PD share most characteristics with those that occur in the general population, there are several considerations specific to this patient population regarding diagnosis, management, and implications. The available research on these disorders is expanding rapidly, but many questions remain unanswered. We thus conducted a systematic review of the literature published from 2005 to 2015 on the following disorders of sleep and wakefulness in PD: REM sleep behavior disorder, insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements, sleep disordered breathing, excessive daytime sleepiness, and circadian rhythm disorders...
August 31, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856776/practice-guideline-summary-treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-adults-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#9
John W Winkelman, Melissa J Armstrong, Richard P Allen, K Ray Chaudhuri, William Ondo, Claudia Trenkwalder, Phyllis C Zee, Gary S Gronseth, David Gloss, Theresa Zesiewicz
OBJECTIVE: To make evidence-based recommendations regarding restless legs syndrome (RLS) management in adults. METHODS: Articles were classified per the 2004 American Academy of Neurology evidence rating scheme. Recommendations were tied to evidence strength. RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: In moderate to severe primary RLS, clinicians should consider prescribing medication to reduce RLS symptoms. Strong evidence supports pramipexole, rotigotine, cabergoline, and gabapentin enacarbil use (Level A); moderate evidence supports ropinirole, pregabalin, and IV ferric carboxymaltose use (Level B)...
December 13, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823719/individual-and-socio-demographic-factors-related-to-presenting-problem-and-diagnostic-impressions-at-a-pediatric-sleep-clinic
#10
Sonia L Rubens, Kristina E Patrick, Ariel A Williamson, Melisa Moore, Jodi A Mindell
OBJECTIVE: Individual and socio-demographic factors have been found to be associated with sleep disturbances in children. Few studies have examined these factors among children presenting for care at pediatric sleep clinics. This study examined individual and socio-demographic factors in association with presenting problems and diagnostic impressions for new patients at an interdisciplinary pediatric sleep clinic. METHODS: Data were collected from electronic medical records of 207 consecutive patients (54% male, 59% White, Meanage = 7...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819409/interventions-for-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-restless-legs-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Seerapani Gopaluni, Mohamed Sherif, Naim A Ahmadouk
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is defined as the spontaneous movement of the limbs (mainly legs) associated with unpleasant, sometimes painful sensation which is relieved by moving the affected limb. Prevalence of RLS among people on dialysis has been estimated between 6.6% and 80%. RLS symptoms contribute to impaired quality of life and people with RLS are shown to have increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Various pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions have been used to treat primary RLS...
7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792799/characterization-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#12
David Bonenfant, Pierre H Rompré, Nathalie Rei, Nicolas Jodoin, Valerie Lynn Soland, Veronica Rey, Christine Brefel-Courbon, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Olivier Rascol, Pierre J Blanchet
AIMS: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) in a Parkinson's disease (PD) population through a self-administered, custom-made survey. METHODS: A total of 218 surveys were collected during regular outpatient visits at two Movement Disorders Clinics in Montreal (Canada) and Toulouse (France) to gather information about pain experience, PD-related symptoms, and oral and general health. A neurologist confirmed the diagnosis of PD, drug treatment, Hoehn-Yahr stage, and Schwab & England Activity of Daily Living score...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702420/clinical-management-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#13
Zeyad T Sahli, Jae Jo, Shaker A Mousa, Frank I Tarazi
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological movement disorder, characterized by restless and unpleasant sensations in the deep inside of legs. The symptoms of RLS are less noticeable during daytime, but more prevalent at night. Therefore, the disorder can induce low quality of life, insomnia, and impairment of daytime activity. RLS in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is especially problematic due to premature discontinuation of dialysis and increased mortality. The prevalence of RLS among dialysis patients is much higher compared to the prevalence of the same disorder in patients with normal renal functions...
October 5, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630539/the-comparisons-of-cerebral-hemodynamics-induced-by-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-arousal-and-periodic-limb-movement-with-arousal-a-pilot-nirs-study
#14
Zhongxing Zhang, Maja Schneider, Marco Laures, Ming Qi, Ramin Khatami
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and restless legs syndrome (RLS) with periodic limb movement during sleep (PLMS) are two sleep disorders characterized by repetitive respiratory or movement events associated with cortical arousals. We compared the cerebral hemodynamic changes linked to periodic apneas/hypopneas with arousals (AHA) in four OSA-patients with periodic limb movements (PLMA) with arousals in four patients with RLS-PLMS using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). AHA induced homogenous pattern of periodic fluctuations in oxygenated (HbO2) and deoxygenated (HHb) hemoglobin, i...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600688/adenosine-receptors-as-markers-of-brain-iron-deficiency-implications-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#15
César Quiroz, Seema Gulyani, Wan Ruiqian, Jordi Bonaventura, Roy Cutler, Virginia Pearson, Richard P Allen, Christopher J Earley, Mark P Mattson, Sergi Ferré
Deficits of sensorimotor integration with periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and hyperarousal and sleep disturbances in Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) constitute two pathophysiologically distinct but interrelated clinical phenomena, which seem to depend mostly on alterations in dopaminergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission, respectively. Brain iron deficiency is considered as a main pathogenetic mechanism in RLS. Rodents with brain iron deficiency represent a valuable pathophysiological model of RLS, although they do not display motor disturbances...
December 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584711/sleep-disorders-in-machado-joseph-disease
#16
José Luiz Pedroso, Pedro Braga-Neto, Alberto R M Martinez, Carlos R Martins, Flávio M Rezende Filho, Manoel A Sobreira-Neto, Lucila B F Prado, Gilmar F do Prado, Marcondes C França, Orlando G P Barsottini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a description on clinical features and pathophysiology of the main sleep disorders observed in Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). RECENT FINDINGS: Pathological studies have clearly demonstrated that degenerative process in MJD is widespread in the nervous system, and not restricted to the cerebellum. Nonmotor manifestations are frequent and may include pain, cramps, dysautonomia, cognitive deficits, psychiatric manifestations, olfactory deficits, fatigue, nutritional issues, and sleep disorders...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569842/a-trappc6b-splicing-variant-associates-to-restless-legs-syndrome
#17
Paolo Aridon, Maurizio De Fusco, Juliane W Winkelmann, Marco Zucconi, Valentina Arnao, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Giorgio Casari
INTRODUCTION: RLS is a common movement disorders with a strong genetic component in its pathophysiology, but, up to now, no causative mutation has been reported. METHODS: We re-evaluated the previously described RLS2 family by exome sequencing. RESULTS: We identified fifteen variations in the 14q critical region. The c.485G > A transition of the TRAPPC6B gene segregates with the RLS2 haplotype, is absent in 200 local controls and is extremely rare in 12988 exomes from the Exome Variant Server (EVS)...
October 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563420/repetitive-arm-movements-during-sleep-a-polysomnographic-assessment
#18
Mohammad Torabi-Nami, Samrad Mehrabi, Sabri Derman
Sleep-related movement disorders should be differentiated from parasomnias, sleep-associated behavioral disorders, and epilepsy. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard in evaluating such disorders. Periodic leg movement disorder during sleep (PLMS), hypnic jerks, bruxism, rhythmic movement disorder, restless legs syndrome, and nocturnal leg cramps have broadly been discussed in the literature. However, periodic arm movement disorder in sleep (PAMS) is a less-appreciated entity perhaps because arm surface electromyography is not an integral part of the standard polysomnography...
July 2016: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544840/brain-iron-deficiency-in-idiopathic-restless-legs-syndrome-measured-by-quantitative-magnetic-susceptibility-at-7-tesla
#19
Xu Li, Richard P Allen, Christopher J Earley, Hongjun Liu, Tiana E Cruz, Richard A E Edden, Peter B Barker, Peter C M van Zijl
OBJECTIVES: Altered brain iron homeostasis with regional iron deficiency has been previously reported in several studies of restless legs syndrome (RLS) patients. Inconsistencies still exist, however, in the reported iron changes in different brain regions and different RLS phenotypes. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in brain iron concentrations between RLS patients and healthy controls and their relation to severity of disease and periodic limb movement during sleep (PLMS)...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540540/parent-report-and-actigraphically-defined-sleep-in-children-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder-links-with-fatigue-and-sleepiness
#20
Luci Wiggs, Masako Sparrowhawk, Anna L Barnett
BACKGROUND: Impaired sleep is associated with negative effects on quality of life and daytime functioning. Higher rates of sleep disturbance are reported in children with various developmental disorders. However, little is known about sleep in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), a condition characterized by everyday movement difficulties. Previously, in a preliminary study, we found higher rates of parent-reported sleep disturbance in children with DCD compared to controls...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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