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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633000/nutrition-support-for-critically-ill-patients-with-cancer
#1
Kristen Lach, Sarah J Peterson
Oncology patients often experience the classic signs of malnutrition-weight loss as well as fat and muscle wasting, which have been associated with poor tolerance to treatment and increased morbidity and mortality. Nutrition status may be an important factor in determining tolerance to treatment and outcomes associated with it. Thus, identification of those with preexisting malnutrition or who are at risk for developing malnutrition is crucial not only at time of cancer diagnosis but also throughout the treatment course so that nutrition interventions may be implemented to prevent development or worsening of malnutrition in this high-risk population...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631820/dietary-intake-of-structured-lipids-with-different-contents-of-medium-chain-fatty-acids-on-obesity-prevention-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#2
Shengmin Zhou, Yueqiang Wang, Yuanrong Jiang, Zhongfei Zhang, Xiangjun Sun, Liangli Lucy Yu
Three medium- and long-chain triacylglycerols (MLCT) with different contents of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) (10% to 30%, w/w) were prepared and evaluated for their anti-obesity potential in C57BL/6J mice. The group fed with a high fat diet of MLCT containing 30% (w/w) MCFA showed significantly decreased body weight and fat mass (P < 0.05) relative to the control mice fed an obesity-inducing high fat rapeseed oil diet. In addition, serum parameters including triacylglycerols, total cholesterol, glucose, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein A1 and apolipoprotein B in the treatment group fed with 30% (w/w) MCFA were close to those of mice fed with a low fat rapeseed oil diet, but significantly different (P < 0...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631813/high-fat-diet-attenuates-hyperglycemia-body-composition-changes-and-bone-loss-in-male-streptozotocin-induced-type-1-diabetic-mice
#3
Adriana Lelis Carvalho, Victoria E DeMambro, Anyonya R Guntur, Phuong Le, Kenichi Nagano, Roland Baron, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Katherine J Motyl
There is a growing and alarming prevalence of obesity and the metabolic syndrome in type I diabetic patients (T1DM), particularly in adolescence. In general, low bone mass, higher fracture risk and increased marrow adipose tissue (MAT) are features of diabetic osteopathy in insulin deficient subjects. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with normal or high bone mass, a greater risk of peripheral fractures and no change in MAT. Therefore, we sought to determine the effect of weight gain on bone turnover in insulin deficient mice...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630601/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-diets-and-body-composition
#4
REVIEW
Alan A Aragon, Brad J Schoenfeld, Robert Wildman, Susan Kleiner, Trisha VanDusseldorp, Lem Taylor, Conrad P Earnest, Paul J Arciero, Colin Wilborn, Douglas S Kalman, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Bill Campbell, Shawn M Arent, Laurent Bannock, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jose Antonio
Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature regarding the effects of diet types (macronutrient composition; eating styles) and their influence on body composition. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1) There is a multitude of diet types and eating styles, whereby numerous subtypes fall under each major dietary archetype. 2) All body composition assessment methods have strengths and limitations. 3) Diets primarily focused on fat loss are driven by a sustained caloric deficit...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628125/enhanced-insulin-sensitivity-in-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintainers-compared-with-matched-controls-with-no-weight-loss-history
#5
L D Clamp, D J Hume, E V Lambert, J Kroff
BACKGROUND: Weight gain is associated with deterioration in metabolic health, whereas weight loss improves insulin sensitivity. This study assesses the impact of long-term, successfully maintained weight loss and weight-loss relapse on measures of insulin sensitivity and identifies factors that explain variability in insulin sensitivity. METHODS: Women (20-45 years) were recruited into four groups: reduced-overweight/obese (RED, n=15); body mass index (BMI)-matched controls (stable low-weight, n=19), BMI⩽27 kg m(-2); relapsed-overweight/obese subjects (REL, n=11); and BMI-matched controls (obese stable weight, n=11), BMI⩾27 kg m(-2)...
June 19, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627205/a-low-fermentable-oligo-di-mono-saccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-is-a-balanced-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-with-nutritional-and-symptomatic-benefits
#6
Ana Paula Marum, Cátia Moreira, Pablo Tomas-Carus, Fernando Saraiva, Catarina Sousa Guerreiro
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a chronic rheumatic disease producing widespread pain, associated to a major comorbidity -irritable bowel syndrome. Low FODMAPS diet (low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet) has been effective in controlling irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Overweight is an aggravating factor for fibromyalgia. We studied effects of low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diets on fibromyalgia symptoms and weight status. METHODS: A longitudinal study was performed on 38 fibromyalgia patients using a four-week, repeated assessment as follow: M1 = first assessments/presentation of individual low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet; M2 = second assessments/reintroduction of FODMAPs; M3 = final assessments/nutritional counselling...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627053/recovery-of-insulin-sensitivity-and-optimal-body-composition-after-rapid-weight-loss-in-obese-dogs-fed-a-high-protein-medium-carbohydrate-diet
#7
A André, I Leriche, G Chaix, C Thorin, M Burger, P Nguyen
This study investigated the effects of an experimental high-protein medium-carbohydrate diet (protein level, 46% metabolizable energy, ME). First, postprandial plasma glucose and insulin kinetics were determined in steady-state overweight/obese Beagle dogs (28%-41% excess body weight) for an experimental high-protein medium-carbohydrate diet (protein level, 46% ME) and a commercial high-carbohydrate medium-protein diet (protein level, 24%ME) in obese dogs. Secondly, all the dogs were included in a weight loss programme...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624756/fat-is-fashionable-and-fit-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-fatspiration-and-health-at-every-size-%C3%A2-instagram-images
#8
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Adrienne S Bonar, Alexandria E Davies, Lena Etzel
In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size(®)-themed hashtags on Instagram...
June 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623225/high-peripheral-temperatures-in-king-penguins-while-resting-at-sea-thermoregulation-versus-fat-deposition
#9
Agnes Lewden, Manfred R Enstipp, Baptiste Picard, Tessa van Walsum, Yves Handrich
Marine endotherms living in cold water face an energetically challenging situation. Unless properly insulated these animals will lose heat rapidly. The field metabolic rate of king penguins at sea is about twice that on land. However, when at sea, their metabolic rate is higher during extended resting periods at the surface than during foraging, when birds descend to great depth in pursuit of their prey. This is most likely explained by differences in thermal status. During foraging peripheral vasoconstriction leads to a hypothermic shell, which is rewarmed during extended resting bouts at the surface...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621564/the-emerging-role-of-anamorelin-hydrochloride-in-the-management-of-patients-with-cancer-anorexia-cachexia
#10
David C Currow, Richard Je Skipworth
Cancer cachexia affects many patients with advanced cancer. This multifactorial syndrome, which involves loss of muscle mass and body weight, profoundly affects patients' physical functioning and quality of life. Pharmacologic interventions that target weight loss and also improve patient-reported measures are required. Anamorelin hydrochloride is an oral ghrelin receptor agonist for the treatment of cancer anorexia-cachexia that stimulates release of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1, and improves food intake and body weight...
June 16, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612554/-the-preliminary-investigation-of-glp-1-receptor-agonist-on-liver-steatosis-in-obese-mice
#11
Xia Wang, He He, Li-Bo Liang, Mei Zhang, She-Yu Li, Shuang-Qing Li, Zhen-Mei An, Heng-Jian Huang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, exenatide, on liver function and steatosis in obese mice. METHODS: Male c57BL/6J mice (8 weeks old) were divided into high-fat-diet group (for obesity model construction) and chow diet group. 12 weeks later, mice of high-fat diet group were randomly divided into high-dose exenatide group [H group, intraperitoneal injection 0.02 μg/ (g·d) , high-fat-diet], low-dose exenatide group [L group, intraperitoneal injection 0...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611859/ipragliflozin-improves-glycemic-control-and-decreases-body-fat-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Takehiro Kawata, Takashi Iizuka, Kotaro Iemitsu, Masahiro Takihata, Masahiko Takai, Shigeru Nakajima, Nobuaki Minami, Shinichi Umezawa, Akira Kanamori, Hiroshi Takeda, Shogo Ito, Taisuke Kikuchi, Hikaru Amemiya, Mizuki Kaneshiro, Atsuko Mokubo, Tetsuo Takuma, Hideo Machimura, Keiji Tanaka, Taro Asakura, Akira Kubota, Sachio Aoyanagi, Kazuhiko Hoshino, Masashi Ishikawa, Yoko Matsuzawa, Mitsuo Obana, Nobuo Sasai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Fuyuki Minagawa, Tatsuya Saito, Kazuaki Shinoda, Masaaki Miyakawa, Yasushi Tanaka, Yasuo Terauchi, Ikuro Matsuba
BACKGROUND: Ipragliflozin, a sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitor, was administered to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 24 weeks to evaluate its effect on glycemic control and body composition. METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated multicenter prospective intervention study in which ipragliflozin (50 mg) was administered once daily and glycemic control, blood pressure, body weight (BW), body composition (measured by a biological impedance method), the lipid profile, and adverse events were evaluated after 4, 12, and 24 weeks of treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602265/diep-flap-for-breast-reconstruction-is%C3%A2-abdominal-fat-thickness-associated-with-post-operative-complications
#13
Ali Modarressi, Camillo Theo Müller, Xavier Montet, Eva Meia Rüegg, Brigitte Pittet-Cuénod
INTRODUCTION: Some surgeons consider a high body mass index (BMI) or important abdominal fat excess as contraindications for breast reconstruction with free deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap. This study aimed to identify factors associated with post-operative complications by using this type of flap, with an emphasis on BMI and abdominal subcutaneous fat thickness. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 105 consecutive patients who underwent DIEP flap breast reconstruction at our institution was performed to assess post-operative complications...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601987/the-association-of-snp276g-t-at-adiponectin-gene-with-insulin-resistance-and-circulating-adiponectin-in-morbid-obese-patients-after-a-biliopancreatic-diversion-surgery
#14
Daniel Antonio de Luis, David Pacheco, D Primo, Olatz Izaola, R Aller
BACKGROUND: The effects of rs1501299 variant of ADIPO gene on weight loss after bariatric surgery have not been evaluated. We decided to investigate the role of this genetic variant on anthropometric and biochemical outcomes such as serum adiponectin levels after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) surgery in morbidly obese patients during 3 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 64 patients with morbid obesity without diabetes mellitus was operated. Biochemical and anthropometric evaluation were realized at basal visit and at each visit during 3 years (1, 2, and 3 years)...
June 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601864/effect-of-a-high-protein-diet-versus-standard-protein-diet-on-weight-loss-and-biomarkers-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Ismael Campos-Nonato, Lucia Hernandez, Simon Barquera
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that protein-enriched diets can lead to greater weight loss and improvements in biomarkers of metabolic syndrome (MeS) than standard protein diets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of increased protein intake on weight loss in Mexican adults with MeS. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in 118 adults aged 47.4 ± 11.5 years and meeting the established criteria for MeS were randomized to prescribed hypocaloric diets (500 kcal less than resting metabolic rate) providing either 0...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600706/effects-of-resistance-exercise-in-prostate-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
M Keilani, T Hasenoehrl, L Baumann, R Ristl, M Schwarz, M Marhold, T Sedghi Komandj, R Crevenna
PURPOSE: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantify effects of resistance exercise (RE) on physical performance and function, body composition, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and fatigue in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: Trial data were obtained from the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane Library as of inception to 31st of December 2016. Thirty-two trials with 1199 patients were included. Results that were measured by using the same assessment method in five or more of the original studies were pooled in a meta-analysis...
June 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595173/effects-of-weight-loss-with-and-without-exercise-on-regional-body-fat-distribution-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Monica C Serra, Jacob B Blumenthal, Odessa R Addison, Ann J Miller, Andrew P Goldberg, Alice S Ryan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose was to determine whether lifestyle interventions have different effects on regional fat in women with normal glucose tolerance vs. impaired glucose tolerance (NGT vs. IGT). METHODS: Changes in glucose metabolism (2-h oral glucose-tolerance tests), android to gynoid fat mass ratio (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]), visceral to subcutaneous abdominal fat area ratio (CT), and abdominal to gluteal subcutaneous fat cell weight (FCW; adipose tissue biopsies) were determined in 60 overweight postmenopausal women (45-80 years) following 6 months of weight loss alone (WL; n = 28) or with aerobic exercise (AEX + WL; n = 32)...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594375/a-high-protein-diet-reduces-weight-gain-decreases-food-intake-decreases-liver-fat-deposition-and-improves-markers-of-muscle-metabolism-in-obese-zucker-rats
#18
William W French, Sami Dridi, Stephanie A Shouse, Hexirui Wu, Aubree Hawley, Sun-Ok Lee, Xuan Gu, Jamie I Baum
A primary factor in controlling and preventing obesity is through dietary manipulation. Diets higher in protein have been shown to improve body composition and metabolic health during weight loss. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a high-protein diet versus a moderate-protein diet on muscle, liver and fat metabolism and glucose regulation using the obese Zucker rat. Twelve-week old, male, Zucker (fa/fa) and lean control (Fa/fa) rats were randomly assigned to either a high-protein (40% energy) or moderate-protein (20% energy) diet for 12 weeks, with a total of four groups: lean 20% protein (L20; n = 8), lean 40% protein (L40; n = 10), obese 20% protein (O20; n = 8), and obese 40% protein (O40; n = 10)...
June 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594101/effects-of-different-n-6-to-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-ratio-on-reproductive-performance-fecal-microbiota-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-gestation-lactating-sows-and-suckling-piglets
#19
Jia Yin, Kwang Yong Lee, Jong Keun Kim, In Ho Kim
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary ratios of n-6:n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on reproductive performance, fecal microbiota and nutrient digestibility of gestation-lactating sows and suckling piglets. Fifteen primiparous sows (Landrace × Yorkshire) were randomly allotted into three treatments. Fed diets contained different ratios of n-6:n-3 PUFA, including 20:1, 15:1 and 10:1. No differences were detected among the treatments for average daily feed intake (ADFI) of sows and the back fat levels during lactation (P > 0...
June 8, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591061/effects-of-elastic-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-capacity-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-a-consort-compliant-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Li-Fong Lin, Shih-Wei Huang, Jan-Wen Ku, Lin-Chuan Chou, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is associated with loss of muscle mass and an increased risk of physical disability in elderly people. However, the prevalence of sarcopenia has increased in obese elderly populations. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical efficacy of elastic resistance exercise training (RET) in patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: This study was conducted at the rehabilitation center of a university-based teaching hospital and was designed as a prospective and randomized controlled trial with an intention-to-treat analysis...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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