keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body fat loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146657/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-sleeve-device-endobarrier-compared-with-standard-medical-therapy-for-the-management-of-obese-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Michael Alan Glaysher, Aruchuna Mohanaruban, Christina Gabriele Prechtl, Anthony P Goldstone, Alexander Dimitri Miras, Joanne Lord, Navpreet Chhina, Emanuela Falaschetti, Nicholas Andrew Johnson, Werd Al-Najim, Claire Smith, Jia V Li, Mayank Patel, Ahmed R Ahmed, Michael Moore, Neil Poulter, Stephen Bloom, Ara Darzi, Carel Le Roux, James P Byrne, Julian P Teare
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is increasing. Exclusion of the foregut, as occurs in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, has a key role in the metabolic improvements that occur following bariatric surgery, which are independent of weight loss. Endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve devices, such as the EndoBarrier (GI Dynamics, Lexington, Massachusetts, USA), have been designed to create an impermeable barrier between chyme exiting the stomach and the mucosa of the duodenum and proximal jejunum...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146410/cart-neurons-in-the-arcuate-nucleus-and-lateral-hypothalamic-area-exert-differential-controls-on-energy-homeostasis
#3
Jackie Lau, Aitak Farzi, Yue Qi, Regine Heilbronn, Mario Mietzsch, Yan-Chuan Shi, Herbert Herzog
OBJECTIVE: The cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) codes for a pivotal neuropeptide important in the control of appetite and energy homeostasis. However, limited understanding exists for the defined effector sites underlying CART function, as discrepant effects of central CART administration have been reported. METHODS: By combining Cart-cre knock-in mice with a Cart adeno-associated viral vector designed using the flip-excision switch (AAV-FLEX) technology, specific reintroduction or overexpression of CART selectively in CART neurons in the arcuate nucleus (Arc) and lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), respectively, was achieved...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143803/use-of-novel-high-protein-functional-food-products-as-part-of-a-calorie-restricted-diet-to-reduce-insulin-resistance-and-increase-lean-body-mass-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Carol S Johnston, Barry Sears, Mary Perry, Jessica R Knurick
Significant reductions in insulin resistance (IR) can be achieved by either calorie restriction or by the increase of lean mass. However, calorie restriction usually results in significant loss of lean mass. A 6-week randomized controlled feeding trial was conducted to determine if a calorie-restricted, high-protein diet (~125 g protein/day consumed evenly throughout the day) using novel functional foods would be more successful for reducing IR in comparison to a conventional diet (~80 g protein/day) with a similar level of calorie restriction...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142891/assessment-of-severity-of-malnutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-via-malnutrition-inflammatory-score
#5
Afsoon Emami Naeeni, Nazila Poostiyan, Zahra Teimouri, Mojgan Mortazavi, Mojgan Soghrati, Elnaz Poostiyan, Zamzam Paknahad
Background: Regarding to the complications of malnutrition in dialysis patients, using an easy and reliable method for evaluating of malnutrition is important in patients with the end-stage renal disease. Based on the effect of inflammatory factors in malnutrition, A new scale has been designed which is called malnutrition-inflammatory scale (MIS). We designed current study to assess the severity of malnutrition in peritoneal dialysis patients in Isfahan via MIS. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional MIS was used for evaluation of malnutrition...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142243/genetic-risk-scores-for-body-fat-distribution-attenuate-weight-loss-in-women-during-dietary-intervention
#6
M Svendstrup, K H Allin, T I A Sørensen, T H Hansen, N Grarup, T Hansen, H Vestergaard
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The well-established link between body fat distribution and metabolic health has been suggested to act through an impact on the remodeling capacity of the adipose tissue. Remodeling of the adipose tissue has been shown to affect body fat distribution and might affect the ability to lose weight. We aimed to study the effect of weighted genetic risk scores (GRSs) on weight loss based on single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with waist-hip-ratio adjusted for body mass index (WHRadjBMI)...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142011/effect-of-distinct-lifestyle-interventions-on-mobilization-of-fat-storage-pools-the-central-mri-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Oded Komy, Arik Wolak, Yoash Chassidim, Rachel Golan, Hilla Avni-Hassid, Avital Bilitzky, Benjamin Sarusi, Eyal Goshen, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background -We aimed to assess whether distinct lifestyle strategies can differentially affect specific body adipose depots. Methods -We performed an eighteen-month randomized controlled trial among 278 sedentary adults with abdominal obesity (75%) or dyslipidemia in an isolated workplace with a monitored provided lunch. Participants were randomized to iso-caloric low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet+28g walnuts/day with/without added moderate physical activity (PA;80% aerobic; supervised/free gym membership)...
November 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138133/effects-of-weight-loss-interventions-for-adults-who-are-obese-on-mortality-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Chenhan Ma, Alison Avenell, Mark Bolland, Jemma Hudson, Fiona Stewart, Clare Robertson, Pawana Sharma, Cynthia Fraser, Graeme MacLennan
Objective To assess whether weight loss interventions for adults with obesity affect all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and body weight.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using random effects, estimating risk ratios, and mean differences. Heterogeneity investigated using Cochran's Q and I(2) statistics. Quality of evidence assessed by GRADE criteria.Data sources Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and full texts in our trials' registry for data not evident in databases...
November 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135892/-lower-body-lift-in-the-massive-weight-loss-patient-a-new-classification-and-algorithm-for-gluteal-augmentation
#9
Taliah Schmitt, Samer Jabbour, Rani Makhoul, Warren Noel, Anne-Sophie Reguesse, Philippe Levan
BACKGROUND: An often neglected part of the lower body lift procedure is the gluteal region. The objective of this study is to classify the massive weight loss (MWL) patients undergoing a body lift procedure and provide a safe, standardized approach for gluteal augmentation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all body lift procedures performed between January 2012 and January 2017 was conducted. Patients undergoing a lower body lift with or without gluteal augmentation were included for analysis...
November 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132737/discordance-between-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-and-the-new-espen-definition-of-malnutrition-for-the-diagnosis-of-hospital-malnutrition
#10
Edgar Dehesa-López, Jesús Israel Martínez-Felix, Arturo Ruiz-Ramos, Ximena Atilano-Carsi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: No universally accepted diagnostic criteria for malnutrition are available to date. The aim was to assess the concordance for the diagnosis of hospital malnutrition between the bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) and the new definition of malnutrition proposed by the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). METHODS: A total of 140 adult hospitalized patients were included. The malnutrition risk was assessed by the Nutritional Risk Screening...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131966/activation-of-the-central-melanocortin-system-in-rats-persistently-reduces-body-and-fat-mass-independently-of-caloric-reduction
#11
Isabelle Côté, Sara M Green, Drake Morgan, Christy Carter, Nihal Tümer, Philip James Scarpace
Recent evidence indicate that Melanotan II (MTII) reduces body mass independently of caloric reduction. Because MTII induces a transient hypophagia, caloric reduction is still considered a primary mechanism for MTII-mediated body mass loss. To examine the contribution of caloric reduction to long-term body mass loss in response to Melanotan II (MTII), we centrally infused MTII or vehicle in ad libitum fed (MTII and Control) animals in comparison to a group of animals that were pair-fed (PF) to the MTII group...
November 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131158/ucp1-independent-signaling-involving-serca2b-mediated-calcium-cycling-regulates-beige-fat-thermogenesis-and-systemic-glucose-homeostasis
#12
Kenji Ikeda, Qianqian Kang, Takeshi Yoneshiro, Joao Paulo Camporez, Hiroko Maki, Mayu Homma, Kosaku Shinoda, Yong Chen, Xiaodan Lu, Pema Maretich, Kazuki Tajima, Kolapo M Ajuwon, Tomoyoshi Soga, Shingo Kajimura
Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) plays a central role in nonshivering thermogenesis in brown fat; however, its role in beige fat remains unclear. Here we report a robust UCP1-independent thermogenic mechanism in beige fat that involves enhanced ATP-dependent Ca(2+) cycling by sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2b (SERCA2b) and ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2). Inhibition of SERCA2b impairs UCP1-independent beige fat thermogenesis in humans and mice as well as in pigs, a species that lacks a functional UCP1 protein...
November 13, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130068/diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-primary-care-patients-with-recent-intentional-weight-loss
#13
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Dana Tudorascu, Cindy L Bryce, Diane Comer, Gary S Fischer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly A Huber, Kathleen M McTigue, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Molly B Conroy
Purpose: Lifestyle habits of primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss are unclear and need to be better understood to aid in translational health promotion efforts. We aimed to characterize diet and exercise habits in primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss, comparing those with greater (≥10%) vs. lesser (5 to <10%) weight loss. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial comparing weight loss maintenance interventions...
2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129795/orexin-a-hypocretin-1-immunoreactivity-in-the-lateral-hypothalamus-is-reduced-in-genetically-obese-but-not-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#14
J Antonio González, Jochen H M Prehn
The mechanisms that link diet and body weight are not fully understood. A diet high in fat often leads to obesity, and this in part is the consequence of diet-induced injury to specific hypothalamic nuclei. It has been suggested that a diet high in fat leads to cell loss in the lateral hypothalamus, which contains specific populations of neurones that are essential for regulating energy homoeostasis; however, we do not know which cell types are affected by the diet. We studied the possibility that high-fat diet leads to a reduction in orexin-A/hypocretin-1 (Hcrt1) and/or melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) immunoreactivity in the lateral hypothalamus...
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128557/the-effect-of-diet-adiposity-and-weight-loss-on-the-secretion-of-incretin-hormones-in-cats
#15
K E McCool, A J Rudinsky, V J Parker, C O Herbert, C Gilor
Degree of adiposity and dietary macronutrient composition affect incretin hormone secretion in humans and mice, but little is known about their effect in cats. In this study, 7 overweight cats were fed a maintenance diet (MD) for at least 2 wk followed by a reduced calorie diet (RCD), which was lower in fat and higher in carbohydrates and fiber. Cats were fed ad libitum initially, and then, food was restricted to achieve 1%-2% loss of body weight weekly (11 wk). When lean, cats were fed MD for 2 wk. A standardized meal test (SMT) using a third diet was performed after at least 7 d on each diet, before and after weight loss (four SMT's total)...
October 20, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127602/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-total-abdominal-and-visceral-fat-mass-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Florie Maillard, Bruno Pereira, Nathalie Boisseau
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is promoted as a time-efficient strategy to improve body composition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of HIIT in reducing total, abdominal, and visceral fat mass in normal-weight and overweight/obese adults. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify all related articles on HIIT and fat mass. Stratified analysis was performed using the nature of HIIT (cycling versus running, target intensity), sex and/or body weight, and the methods of measuring body composition...
November 10, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123163/imidacloprid-and-chlorpyrifos-insecticides-impair-migratory-ability-in-a-seed-eating-songbird
#17
Margaret L Eng, Bridget J M Stutchbury, Christy A Morrissey
Birds that travel long distances between their wintering and breeding grounds may be particularly susceptible to neurotoxic insecticides, but the influence of insecticides on migration ability is poorly understood. Following acute exposure to two widely used agricultural insecticides, imidacloprid (neonicotinoid) and chlorpyrifos (organophosphate), we compared effects on body mass, migratory activity and orientation in a seed-eating bird, the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys). During spring migration, sparrows were captured, held and dosed by gavage daily for 3 days with either the vehicle control, low (10% LD50) or high (25% LD50) doses of imidacloprid or chlorpyrifos and tested in migratory orientation trials pre-exposure, post-exposure and during recovery...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115953/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-improves-body-composition-and-alleviates-insulin-resistance-in-obesity-related-acanthosis-nigricans
#18
Yi Zhang, Cuiling Zhu, Xin Wen, Xingchun Wang, Liang Li, Sharvan Rampersad, Liesheng Lu, Donglei Zhou, Chunhua Qian, Ran Cui, Manna Zhang, Peng Yang, Shen Qu, Le Bu
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) has a close relationship with obesity. It is believed that obesity and AN have the common pathophysiological basis such as hyperinsulinism. This study is aimed to observe the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on body composition and insulin resistance in Chinese obese patients with acanthosis nigricans. METHODS: A total of 37 obese patients who underwent LSG in our hospital were selected for analysis. They were divided into simple obesity (OB n = 14) and obesity with acanthosis nigricans (AN n = 23) group respectively...
November 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114979/weight-cycling-in-adults-with-severe-obesity-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave
AIM: Although weight cycling is a common phenomenon in treatment-seeking patients with obesity, its consequences on health outcomes have not yet been completely clarified. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of one cycle of intentional weight loss and regain on energy expenditure, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors and psychosocial variables in patients with severe obesity. METHODS: Clinical and psychosocial variables were measured in 38 adult patients with severe obesity (body mass index (BMI): 43...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114515/responses-of-inflammatory-cytokines-following-moderate-intensity-walking-exercise-in-overweight-or-obese-individuals
#20
Yunsuk Koh, Kyung-Shin Park
This study investigated the effects of a 4-week moderate intensity walking exercise on the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and adiponectin in overweight or obese individuals. Twenty-seven (13 men and 14 women) physically inactive, over-weight or obese (body mass index>25.0 kg/m(2)) individuals participated in the study. Each participant was randomly assigned to either exercise (EX; n=15) or control (CON; n=12) group. The EX group performed moderate intensity walking exercise on a treadmill for 60 min at 70% of maximal heart rate for 4 weeks (3 days/wk)...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
61820
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"