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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742742/practical-applications-of-physical-activity-for-successful-cognitive-aging
#1
Kelly Conner, Cameron Young Sweeney, Tayla Brown, Lauren Childs, Samantha Rogers, Tanya Gregory
As patients lose cognitive function, they lose autonomy and increasingly use fiscal, social, and medical resources. Healthcare costs for Americans older than age 65 years are three to five times higher than for the remaining population, and dementia is the third most costly disease in the United States. Interventions that promote successful aging can help patients and reduce the financial, workforce, and treatment resource burdens on the population. Because a relationship between physical activity, particularly aerobic exercise, and cognitive decline has been established, physical activity interventions may prove practical, affordable, and effective...
August 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742289/tai-chi-exercise-for-the-quality-of-life-in-a-perimenopausal-women-organization-a-systematic-review
#2
Ying Wang, Weichao Shan, Qing Li, Na Yang, Weiying Shan
BACKGROUND: Improvement of the quality of life in perimenopausal women has recently become an important global health issue. Extensive research reports provide evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life, but no systematic review has individually investigated Tai Chi as a main intervention on the quality of life in perimenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life in perimenopausal women. METHODS: Studies related to the effect of Tai Chi on the quality of life in perimenopausal women in the databases of China and abroad were searched...
August 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741519/cancer-prevention-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
Barbara K Dunn, Barnett S Kramer
In this review, we address selected areas that are central to the state-of-the-art of cancer prevention science. The emphasis on prevention as a viable and critical approach to decreasing cancer mortality has gained traction in recent years, evidenced by its inclusion in the US Vice President's Cancer Initiative (also termed 'Moonshot'). Cancer prevention occurs by arresting, slowing down, or reversing the carcinogenic process before invasion into surrounding tissue or by avoiding or blocking causative exposure...
December 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741094/systolic-function-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-is-a-better-predictor-to-exercise-performance-after-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-tetralogy-of-fallot
#4
Jianhua Li, Shuhua Luo, Fei Liu, Qi An
Debate on the proper timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot is still continuing. We aim to clarify how the different components of right ventricle (RV) changed with relieved volume overload in the remodeling process after pulmonary valve replacement and gain a clear idea of the relationship between different right ventricle components function and exercise capacity after PVR in these patients. The medical records and results of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and cardiopulmonary exercise testing of 25 consecutive eligible patients were reviewed...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740672/effectiveness-of-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-thoracic-surgery
#5
Attila Vagvolgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Maria Kerti, Paul Vadasz, Janos Varga
BACKGROUND: Functional condition is crucial for operability of patients with lung cancer and/or chronic respiratory diseases. The aim of the study was to measure changes of functional and quality of life parameters in terms of the effectiveness of perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: A total of 208 COPD patients (age: 63±9 years, man/woman: 114/94, FEV1: 62±14%pred) participated in a perioperative PR program. The indication was primary lung cancer in 72% of the patients...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739478/an-overview-of-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-vertebral-compression-fracture-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Chris G Maher, Rodrigo Z Megale, Lyn March, Manuela L Ferreira
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Vertebral compression fractures are the most common type of osteoporotic fracture comprising approximately 1.4 million cases worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines can be powerful tools for promoting evidence-based practice, as they integrate research findings in order to support decision-making. However, currently available clinical guidelines and recommendations, established by different medical societies, are sometimes contradictory. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to appraise the recommendations and methodological quality of international clinical guidelines for the management of VCFs...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739020/a-multimodal-approach-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#7
María Segura-Pérez, M Teresa Hernández-Criado, César Calvo-Lobo, Lorena Vega-Piris, Raquel Fernández-Martín, David Rodríguez-Sanz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze pain intensity in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) following a multimodal rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out following the Template for Intervention Description and Replication criteria. Patients were recruited from the rehabilitation unit of a university hospital in Spain between 2009 and 2013. Patients were included if they had a medical diagnosis of MPS in any of the following regions: cervicobrachial (n = 102), lumbosacral (n = 30), elbow (n = 14), ankle and foot (n = 10), and temporomandibular jaw (n = 1)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738059/predicting-diabetes-mellitus-using-smote-and-ensemble-machine-learning-approach-the-henry-ford-exercise-testing-fit-project
#8
Manal Alghamdi, Mouaz Al-Mallah, Steven Keteyian, Clinton Brawner, Jonathan Ehrman, Sherif Sakr
Machine learning is becoming a popular and important approach in the field of medical research. In this study, we investigate the relative performance of various machine learning methods such as Decision Tree, Naïve Bayes, Logistic Regression, Logistic Model Tree and Random Forests for predicting incident diabetes using medical records of cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition, we apply different techniques to uncover potential predictors of diabetes. This FIT project study used data of 32,555 patients who are free of any known coronary artery disease or heart failure who underwent clinician-referred exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems between 1991 and 2009 and had a complete 5-year follow-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737585/biomarkers-in-sports-and-exercise-tracking-health-performance-and-recovery-in-athletes
#9
Elaine C Lee, Maren S Fragala, Stavros A Kavouras, Robin M Queen, J Luke Pryor, Douglas J Casa
Biomarker discovery and validation is a critical aim of the medical and scientific community. Research into exercise and diet-related biomarkers aims to improve health, performance, and recovery in military personnel, athletes, and lay-persons. Exercise physiology research has identified individual biomarkers for assessing health, performance, and recovery during exercise training. However, there are few recommendations for biomarker panels for tracking changes in individuals participating in physical activity and exercise training programs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737303/comparing-cardiovascular-risk-factors-disease-and-treatment-in-participants-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-without-arthritis-in-a-population-based-stud
#10
N O'Driscoll, N Kennedy, S Amjum, A Fraser, A Hannigan
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is associated with a significant increase in mortality compared to the general population, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) the leading cause of death. The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence and treatment of modifiable CV risk factors and history of CVD in those with RA and those without arthritis in Ireland. Data from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), a population-representative cohort study of people in Ireland aged 50 or over, was used. Participants with RA (n=457) were twice as likely to be obese (OR 2...
May 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736343/tfos-dews-ii-management-and-therapy-report
#11
REVIEW
Lyndon Jones, Laura E Downie, Donald Korb, Jose M Benitez-Del-Castillo, Reza Dana, Sophie X Deng, Pham N Dong, Gerd Geerling, Richard Yudi Hida, Yang Liu, Kyoung Yul Seo, Joseph Tauber, Tais H Wakamatsu, Jianjiang Xu, James S Wolffsohn, Jennifer P Craig
The members of the Management and Therapy Subcommittee undertook an evidence-based review of current dry eye therapies and management options. Management options reviewed in detail included treatments for tear insufficiency and lid abnormalities, as well as anti-inflammatory medications, surgical approaches, dietary modifications, environmental considerations and complementary therapies. Following this extensive review it became clear that many of the treatments available for the management of dry eye disease lack the necessary Level 1 evidence to support their recommendation, often due to a lack of appropriate masking, randomization or controls and in some cases due to issues with selection bias or inadequate sample size...
May 6, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735255/ascending-aortic-diameter-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men
#12
Hyejin Chun
This study aimed to evaluate the association of ascending aortic diameter (AAD) measured by low-dose chest CT (LDCT) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Korean men. AAD was measured with LDCT in 1046 healthy Korean men (mean age 50.7±9.7 years, range 28 to 69 years) participating in medical health check-up in a university health promotion center. AAD was defined as the longest length measured from the left main coronary ostium to the level of the right pulmonary artery in the axial plane in LDCT. The association between AAD and MS was examined using logistic regression...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734971/robotic-assistance-confers-ambidexterity-to-laparoscopic-surgeons
#13
Souzana Choussein, Serene S Srouji, Leslie V Farland, Ashley Wietsma, Stacey A Missmer, Michael Hollis, Richard N Yu, Charles N Pozner, Antonio R Gargiulo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a robotic surgical platform can complement the fine motor skills of the non-dominant hand, compensating for the innate difference in dexterity between the surgeon's hands, thereby conferring virtual ambidexterity. DESIGN: Crossover intervention study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Level II-1 evidence. SETTING: Centers for medical simulation of two tertiary care hospitals of Harvard Medical School...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734657/exercise-performance-and-22q11-2-deletion-status-affect-quality-of-life-in-tetralogy-of-fallot
#14
Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Amy Cassedy, Laura Mercer-Rosa, Mark A Fogel, Stephen M Paridon, Bradley S Marino
OBJECTIVE: To identify mediators of health status and quality of life (QOL) in children and adolescents aged 8-18 years old following surgical repair for tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), including resource use, exercise performance, and 22q11.2 deletion status. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a corollary study to a cross-sectional analysis of subjects following repair for TOF that completed cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, cardiopulmonary exercise tests, and instruments assessing health status and QOL...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733378/is-it-time-to-change-the-type-2-diabetes-treatment-paradigm-no-metformin-should-remain-the-foundation-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes
#15
Silvio E Inzucchi
Most treatment guidelines, including those from the American Diabetes Association/European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation, suggest metformin be used as the first-line therapy after diet and exercise. This recommendation is based on the considerable body of evidence that has accumulated over the last 30 years, but it is also supported on clinical grounds based on metformin's affordability and tolerability. As such, metformin is the most commonly used oral antihyperglycemic agent in the U...
August 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733377/is-it-time-to-change-the-type-2-diabetes-treatment-paradigm-yes-glp-1-ras-should-replace-metformin-in-the-type-2-diabetes-algorithm
#16
Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Ralph A DeFronzo
Most treatment guidelines, including those from the American Diabetes Association/European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation, suggest metformin be used as the first-line therapy after diet and exercise. This recommendation is based on the considerable body of evidence that has accumulated over the last 30 years, but it is also supported on clinical grounds based on metformin's affordability and tolerability. As such, metformin is the most commonly used oral antihyperglycemic agent in the U...
August 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733118/the-benefits-of-being-a-video-gamer-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#17
Matthew Sammut, Mark Sammut, Predrag Andrejevic
INTRODUCTION: Video games are mainly considered to be of entertainment value in our society. Laparoscopic surgery and video games are activities similarly requiring eye-hand and visual-spatial skills. Previous studies have not conclusively shown a positive correlation between video game experience and improved ability to accomplish visual-spatial tasks in laparoscopic surgery. This study was an attempt to investigate this relationship. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate whether previous video gaming experience affects the baseline performance on a laparoscopic simulator trainer...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730865/psychological-assessment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#18
Liya Pan, Xiaxi Li, Yi Feng, Li Hong
Objective This study aimed to analyse the psychological conditions and behaviour of a group of Chinese children and adolescents with obesity, and to develop an intervention for these young patients. Methods A group of 72 patients aged from 4 to 15 years were recruited from an obesity clinic. Patients, or the parents of children younger than 12 years, filled out a series of self-report questionnaires, and the responses were recorded and analysed. Results The 72 children and adolescents with obesity had a mean age of 9...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729620/self-management-behaviour-and-support-among-primary-care-copd-patients-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-birmingham-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-cohort
#19
Ainee Khan, Andrew P Dickens, Peymane Adab, Rachel E Jordan
Self-management support for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is recommended by UK national guidelines, but extent of implementation is unknown. We aimed to describe self-management behaviour and support among COPD patients and explore behaviour associated with having a self-management plan. We undertook cross-sectional analysis of self-reported data from diagnosed COPD patients in the Birmingham COPD Cohort study. Questionnaire items relevant to self-management behaviour, knowledge of COPD, receipt of self-management plans and advice from healthcare professionals were examined...
July 20, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729234/mobile-phone-supported-physiotherapy-for-frozen-shoulder-feasibility-assessment-based-on-a-usability-study
#20
Thomas Stütz, Gerlinde Emsenhuber, Daniela Huber, Michael Domhardt, Martin Tiefengrabner, Gertie Janneke Oostingh, Ulrike Fötschl, Nicholas Matis, Simon Ginzinger
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder show limited shoulder mobility often accompanied by pain. Common treatment methods include physiotherapy, pain medication, administration of corticosteroids, and surgical capsulotomy. Frozen shoulder often lasts from months to years and mostly affects persons in the age group of 40 to 70 years. It severely reduces the quality of life and the ability to work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention that supports patients affected by "stage two" frozen shoulder...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
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