keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775962/preterm-birth-and-oxidative-stress-effects-of-acute-physical-exercise-and-hypoxia-physiological-responses
#1
Agnès Martin, Camille Faes, Tadej Debevec, Chantal Rytz, Grégoire Millet, Vincent Pialoux
Preterm birth is a global health issue that can induce lifelong medical sequela. Presently, at least one in ten newborns are born prematurely. At birth, preterm newborns exhibit higher levels of oxidative stress (OS) due to the inability to face the oxygen rich environment in which they are born into. Moreover, their immature respiratory, digestive, immune and antioxidant defense systems, as well as the potential numerous medical interventions following a preterm birth, such as oxygen resuscitation, nutrition, phototherapy and blood transfusion further contribute to high levels of OS...
May 1, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775886/sprint-interval-training-sit-substantially-reduces-depressive-symptoms-in-major-depressive-disorder-mdd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Alice Minghetti, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Lukas Zahner, Markus Gerber, Lars Donath
Continuous aerobic exercise training (CAT) is considered a complementary treatment option in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Intermittent exercise training protocols, such as sprint interval training (SIT) have gained increasing popularity, but no studies on depressive symptoms following SIT in patients with MDD are available. Fifty-nine in-patients with MDD were randomly assigned to a SIT or CAT group. Medication was counterbalanced in both intervention arms. Both intervention groups received 3 weekly training sessions for 4-weeks (12 sessions in total)...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774312/breast-cancer-prevention-current-approaches-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
Edward R Sauter
The topic of breast cancer prevention is very broad. All aspects of the topic, therefore, cannot be adequately covered in a single review. The objective of this review is to discuss strategies in current use to prevent breast cancer, as well as potential approaches that could be used in the future. This review does not discuss early detection strategies for breast cancer, including breast cancer screening. The breast is the most common site among women worldwide of noncutaneous cancer. Many clinical and genetic factors have been found to increase a woman's risk of developing the disease...
April 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773516/lymphoedema-management-to-prevent-acute-dermatolymphangioadenitis-in-podoconiosis-in-northern-ethiopia-golbet-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Henok Negussie, Meseret Molla, Moses Ngari, James A Berkley, Esther Kivaya, Patricia Njuguna, Greg Fegan, Abreham Tamiru, Abebe Kelemework, Trudie Lang, Melanie J Newport, Andy McKay, Fikre Enquoselassie, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis (also known as endemic, non-filarial elephantiasis) affects about 4 million subsistence farmers in tropical Africa. Poor awareness of the condition and inadequate evidence for the efficacy of treatment mean that no government in an endemic country yet offers lymphoedema management for patients with podoconiosis. Among patients with filarial lymphoedema, trials suggest that limb care is effective in reducing the most disabling sequelae: episodes of acute dermatolymphangioadenitis...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771953/mitochondrial-disease-patient-motivations-and-barriers-to-participate-in-clinical-trials
#5
Zarazuela Zolkipli-Cunningham, Rui Xiao, Amy Stoddart, Elizabeth M McCormick, Amy Holberts, Natalie Burrill, Shana McCormack, Lauren Williams, Xiaoyan Wang, John L P Thompson, Marni J Falk
BACKGROUND: Clinical treatment trials are increasingly being designed in primary mitochondrial disease (PMD), a phenotypically and genetically heterogeneous collection of inherited multi- system energy deficiency disorders that lack effective therapy. We sought to identify motivating factors and barriers to clinical trial participation in PMD. METHODS: A survey study was conducted in two independent mitochondrial disease subject cohorts. A discovery cohort invited subjects with well-defined biochemical or molecularly- confirmed PMD followed at a single medical center (CHOP, n = 30/67 (45%) respondents)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771450/effects-of-intense-aerobic-exercise-and-or-antihypertensive-medication-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
M Ramirez-Jimenez, F Morales-Palomo, J F Ortega, R Mora-Rodriguez
We studied the blood pressure lowering effects of a bout of exercise and/or antihypertensive medicine with the goal of studying if exercise could substitute or enhance pharmacologic hypertension treatment. Twenty-three hypertensive metabolic syndrome patients chronically medicated with angiotensin II receptor 1 blockade antihypertensive medicine underwent 24-hr monitoring in four separated days in a randomized order; a) after taking their habitual dose of antihypertensive medicine (AHM trial), b) substituting their medicine by placebo medicine (PLAC trial), c) placebo medicine with a morning bout of intense aerobic exercise (PLAC+EXER trial) and d) combining the exercise and antihypertensive medicine (AHM+EXER trial)...
May 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769433/medical-imaging-dose-optimization-from-ground-up-expert-opinion-of-an-international-summit
#7
Ehsan Samei, Hannu Jarvinen, Mika Kortesniemi, Georgios Simantirakis, Charles Goh, Anthony Wallace, Eliseo Vano, Adrian Bejan, M M Rehani, J Vassileva
As in any medical intervention, there is either a known or an anticipated benefit to the patient from undergoing a medical imaging procedure. This benefit is generally significant as demonstrated by the manner in which medical imaging has transformed clinical medicine. At the same time, when it comes to imaging that deploys ionizing radiation, there is a potential associated risk from radiation. Radiation risk has been recognized as a key liability in the practice of medical imaging, creating a motivation for radiation dose optimization...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768290/intense-aerobic-exercise-lowers-blood-pressure-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome-taking-antihypertensive-medicine
#8
Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Valentin Fernandez-Elias, Felix Morales-Palomo, Juan F Ortega, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing tendency for physicians to prescribe exercise in accordance with the 'exercise is medicine' global health initiative. However, the exercise-pharmacologic interactions for controlling blood pressure are not well described. Our purpose was to study whether angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker (ARB) antihypertensive medicine enhances the blood pressure-lowering effects of intense exercise. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Fifteen hypertensive individuals with metabolic syndrome chronically medicated with ARB underwent two exercise trials in a blind randomized order...
May 15, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#9
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766307/the-laparoscopic-inguinal-and-diaphragmatic-defect-lidd-model-a-validation-study-of-a-novel-box-trainer-model
#10
Damir Ljuhar, Samuel Alexander, Sarah Martin, Ramesh Nataraja
BACKGROUND: Paediatric laparoscopic procedures are now becoming routine practice. Therefore, there is a need for simulated laparoscopic models to acquire part-procedural competency prior to direct patient contact in a safe learning environment. For this reason, we chose two paediatric conditions; inguinal hernia (IH) and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), which were combined to create the laparoscopic inguinal and diaphragmatic defect (LIDD) model. Our aim was to assess this novel surgical simulation model by determining its construct and content validity...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764885/compliance-with-current-vte-prophylaxis-guidelines-and-risk-factors-linked-to-complications-of-vte-prophylaxis-in-medical-inpatients-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-spanish-internal-medicine-department
#11
Ignacio Novo-Veleiro, Lucía Alvela-Suárez, Alba Costa-Grille, Javier Suárez-Dono, Fernando Ferrón-Vidan, Antonio Pose-Reino
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the degree of compliance with the current guidelines regarding venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in medical patients during admission and to identify risk factors linked to complications of VTE prophylaxis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Internal Medicine Department of the University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela (tertiary referral hospital). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 396 hospitalised, elderly patients who did not undergo surgery and had no active or previous oral anticoagulation or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment (during the previous year) and who received VTE prophylaxis during admission...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#12
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760272/physical-activity-assessment-and-counseling-in-quebec-family-medicine-groups
#13
Aurélie Baillot, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon, Alex Paré, Thomas G Poder, Christine Brown, Marie-France Langlois
OBJECTIVE: To determine how often primary health care providers (PHCPs) in family medicine groups (FMGs) assess physical activity (PA) levels, provide PA counseling (PAC), and refer patients to exercise professionals; to describe patients' PA levels, physical fitness, and satisfaction regarding their PA management in FMGs; to describe available PA materials in FMGs and PHCPs' PAC self-efficacy and PA knowledge; and to identify characteristics of patients and PHCPs that determine the assessment of PA and PAC provided by PHCPs...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759716/atrial-fibrillation-in-athletes-a-lesson-in-the-virtue-of-moderation
#14
REVIEW
N A Mark Estes, Christopher Madias
Although the cardiovascular benefits of moderate exercise are well established, there is growing epidemiological support for the notion that high-intensity endurance athletics increases the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). There are many gaps in evidence related to epidemiology and mechanisms of AF in endurance athletes. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms include alterations of autonomic tone, electrical remodeling, anatomical remodeling, fibrosis, and inflammation. Clinical management of the athlete with AF often includes a period of decreased frequency, intensity, and duration of exercise with assessment for improvement in AF recurrence...
September 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756487/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-loneliness-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Dilek Kusaslan Avci
Objective The emotional status of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is important in the course of treatment. The present study aimed to determine the level of loneliness among patients with DM and to evaluate the relationship between the patients' level of loneliness and medication adherence. Method This cross-sectional study used a semi-structured questionnaire and the University of California, Los Angeles Loneliness Scale to collect data from 325 patients who were diagnosed with DM. Results We found that loneliness scores were significantly elevated in individuals with a low level of education, unmarried individuals, and students...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755757/need-to-improve-awareness-and-treatment-compliance-in-high-risk-patients-for-diabetic-complications-in-nepal
#16
Raju P Sapkota, Tirthalal Upadhyaya, Govind Gurung, Mike Parker, Rajiv Raman, Shahina Pardhan
Objective/introduction: It is known that knowledge, awareness, and practice influence diabetic control. We compared factors pertaining to healthy lifestyle (exercising, avoiding smoking), self-help (attending appointments, following treatment regimens), and diabetic awareness in high-risk patients for diabetic complications, specifically, those on insulin versus non-insulin treatment, and also those with a longer diabetic duration (≥5 years) versus a shorter duration. Methods: 200 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes (52...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755224/no-differences-in-energy-cost-of-a-predetermined-exercise-among-young-overweight-obese-and-undernourished-individuals
#17
D V Muralidhara, Mohd Nasir Mat Nor, Ahmad L Zubaidi
Background: Physical activity is an integral part of one's daily life. Obese (Ob) and undernourished (UN) persons are known to underperform physically as compared to normal weight (N) individuals. In this study, we have measured the energy spent to perform a prefixed exercise on treadmill walking and basal heart rate and blood pressure. Body mass index (BMI) and body fat of participating individuals were assessed. Fasting blood sugar and lipid profile were also evaluated. Materials and Methods: Eighty-three young individuals (male: 41; female: 42) of medical faculty, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, who volunteered for the study, were recruited...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754812/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-cardiac-contractility-modulation
#18
William T Abraham, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Rochelle L Goldsmith, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Vivek Y Reddy, Peter E Carson, Douglas L Mann, Benjamin Saville, Helen Parise, Rodrigo Chan, Phi Wiegn, Jeffrey L Hastings, Andrew J Kaplan, Frank Edelmann, Lars Luthje, Rami Kahwash, Gery F Tomassoni, David D Gutterman, Angela Stagg, Daniel Burkhoff, Gerd Hasenfuß
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to confirm a subgroup analysis of the prior FIX-HF-5 (Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of the OPTIMIZER System in Subjects With Moderate-to-Severe Heart Failure) study showing that cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) improved exercise tolerance (ET) and quality of life in patients with ejection fractions between 25% and 45%. BACKGROUND: CCM therapy for New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III and IV heart failure (HF) patients consists of nonexcitatory electrical signals delivered to the heart during the absolute refractory period...
May 5, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754673/prevalent-digoxin-use-and-subsequent-risk-of-death-or-hospitalization-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-with-a-reduced-ejection-fraction-findings-from-the-heart-failure-a-controlled-trial-investigating-outcomes-of-exercise-training-hf-action-randomized-controlled
#19
Andrew P Ambrosy, Ankeet S Bhatt, Amanda L Stebbins, Lisa M Wruck, Marat Fudim, Stephen J Greene, William E Kraus, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, David J Whellan, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Despite more than 200 years of clinical experience and a pivotal trial, recently published research has called into question the safety and efficacy of digoxin therapy in heart failure (HF). METHODS: HF-ACTION (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00047437) enrolled 2331 outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% between April 2003 and February 2007 and randomized them to aerobic exercise training versus usual care. Patients were grouped according to prevalent digoxin status at baseline...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754467/teaching-treatment-planning-for-protons-with-educational-open-source-software-experience-with-foca-and-matrad
#20
Daniel Sanchez-Parcerisa, Jose Udías
Open-source, MATLAB-based treatment planning systems FoCa and matRAD were used in a pilot project for training prospective medical physicists and postgraduate physics students in treatment planning and beam modeling techniques for proton therapy. In the four exercises designed, students learnt how proton pencil beams are modeled and how dose is calculated in three-dimensional voxelized geometries, how pencil beam scanning plans (PBS) are constructed, the rationale behind the choice of spot spacing in patient plans, and the dosimetric differences between photon IMRT and proton PBS plans...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
61819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"