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American college of sports medicine

Jafra D Thomas, J Mark Vanness, Bradley J Cardinal
The purpose of this study was to perform a construct validity assessment of Kendzierski's exercise self-schema theory questionnaire using objective measures of health-related physical fitness. This study tested the hypothesis that individuals with an exercise self-schema would possess significantly greater physical fitness than those who did not across three domains of health-related physical fitness: Body composition, cardiovascular fitness, and upper-body muscular endurance. Undergraduate student participants from one private university on the west coast of the United States completed informed consent forms and the exercise self-schema questionnaire within a classroom setting or at an on-campus outside tabling session...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Shannon Jordan, Justin Karcher, Rebecca Rogers, Kathleen Kennedy, Anne Lawrence, Jenny Adams
PURPOSE: Updated cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and return-to-work guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) now include specificity of training for industrial athletes (exercise training that involves the muscle groups, movements, and energy systems that these patients use during occupational tasks). However, many CR facilities do not apply this principle, relying instead on the traditional protocol that consists primarily of aerobic exercise. This study was conducted to measure the metabolic cost of typical farming tasks and to compare 2 methods of calculating training intensities...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Scott J Dankel, Kevin T Mattocks, Matthew B Jessee, Samuel L Buckner, J Grant Mouser, Brittany R Counts, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
The principle of progressive overload must be adhered to for individuals to continually increase muscle size with resistance training. While the majority of trained individuals adhere to this principle by increasing the number of sets performed per exercise session, this does not appear to be an effective method for increasing muscle size once a given threshold is surpassed. Opposite the numerous studies examining differences in training loads and sets of exercise performed, a few studies have assessed the importance of training frequency with respect to muscle growth, none of which have tested very high frequencies of training (e...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
C Schwarzwald
Heart murmurs and arrhythmias are common in horses. Assessment of their clinical relevance concerning health, performance, safety and longevity of sports horses is of highest importance. A comprehensive cardiovascular examination is crucial for diagnosis and assessment of the severity of disease. Recently, an expert panel of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) and the European College of Equine Internal Medicine (ECEIM) developed a consensus statement containing recommendations for sports horses with heart disease...
October 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Ardalan Shariat, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin, Manohar Arumugam, Mahmoud Danaee, Rajesh Ramasamy
Pain in specific areas of the body (including the lower back, neck, and shoulders) due to extended periods of sitting and inactivity is the most widespread musculoskeletal disorder worldwide and has consequences that are both socio-economic and personal. This condition is particularly prevalent in industrialised countries, affecting roughly 70% to 80% of adults at some point in their lives; approximately 1% of the U.S. population is chronically disabled by this type of pain disorder. A practical way to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among office workers would have a significant positive impact...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O'Donnell, R Agricola, T Awan, M Beck, J C Clohisy, H P Dijkstra, E Falvey, M Gimpel, R S Hinman, P Hölmich, A Kassarjian, H D Martin, R Martin, R C Mather, M J Philippon, M P Reiman, A Takla, K Thorborg, S Walker, A Weir, K L Bennell
The 2016 Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome was convened to build an international, multidisciplinary consensus on the diagnosis and management of patients with FAI syndrome. 22 panel members and 1 patient from 9 countries and 5 different specialties participated in a 1-day consensus meeting on 29 June 2016. Prior to the meeting, 6 questions were agreed on, and recent relevant systematic reviews and seminal literature were circulated. Panel members gave presentations on the topics of the agreed questions at Sports Hip 2016, an open meeting held in the UK on 27-29 June...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Valerie J Silfee, Milagros C Rosal, Meera Sreedhara, Vilma Lora, Stephenie C Lemon
BACKGROUND: U.S. Latinos experience high rates of cardio-metabolic diseases and have high rates of physical inactivity and sedentary behavior. Understanding the environmental factors associated with physical activity and sedentary behaviors among Latinos could inform future interventions. The purpose of this study is to explore the neighborhood environment correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in a sample of U.S. Latino adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 602 Latino adults in Lawrence, MA...
2016: BMC Public Health
Seyed Mohammad Seyedmehdi, Mirsaeed Attarchi, Afsaneh Safar Cherati, Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Ramin Tofighi, Hamidreza Jamaati
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies on the general population have shown that increased physical activity and aerobic fitness (AF) significantly decrease the risk of coronary artery disease. Finding ways to decrease such risk factors can promote the health of firefighters. METHODS: This study was conducted in a large industrial facility in Tehran. AF assessment and submaximal aerobic fitness testing of participants were performed according to the guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)...
September 7, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Ana A S Santos, Anne K F Silva, Franciele M Vanderlei, Diego G D Christofaro, Aline F L Gonçalves, Luiz C M Vanderlei
BACKGROUND: Cardiac risk stratification is related to the risk of the occurrence of events induced by exercise. Despite the existence of several protocols to calculate risk stratification, studies indicating that there is similarity between these protocols are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the agreement between the existing protocols on cardiac risk rating in cardiac patients. METHOD: The records of 50 patients from a cardiac rehabilitation program were analyzed, from which the following information was extracted: age, sex, weight, height, clinical diagnosis, medical history, risk factors, associated diseases, and the results from the most recent laboratory and complementary tests performed...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Benjamin G Druss
In a recent issue of this journal, Pratt et al report on an important new position statement by the Society of Behavioral Medicine and the American College of Sports Medicine to improve access to exercise programming as a treatment for patients treated in community mental health settings. If implemented, these recommendations could greatly expand access to these services and improve outcomes for patients treated in community mental health settings.
August 22, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Joann H Rion, Donald D Kautz
Hospital immobilization after a cardiac event can cause complications. The pathophysiology of complications, research concerning benefits of early ambulation, and recommendations from the American College of Sports Medicine are discussed.
May 2016: Medsurg Nursing: Official Journal of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses
A Delextrat, J Bateman, P Esser, N Targen, H Dawes
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of Zumba Gold(®) in people with PD, and to investigate the effects of dance styles and number of sessions on activity levels and physiological load. DESIGN: Repeated measure uncontrolled (single group) feasibility study. SETTING: Eleven participants (age: 64.0±8.1years) with mild-to-moderate idiopathic PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage<3.0) took part in a screening session, followed by six Zumba Gold(®) workouts each separated by one week, and a follow-up interview six months later...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Earl R Cooper, Michael S Ferrara, Douglas J Casa, John W Powell, Steven P Broglio, Jacob E Resch, Ronald W Courson
CONTEXT: Knowledge about the specific environmental and practice risks to participants in American intercollegiate football during preseason practices is limited. Identifying risks may mitigate occurrences of exertional heat illness (EHI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations among preseason practice day, session number, and wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and the incidence of EHI. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Sixty colleges and universities representing 5 geographic regions of the United States...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Rachel E Cowan
To support rehabilitation health care professionals' efforts to increase physical activity levels among their outpatient rehabilitation and postdischarge patients, we review the Exercise is Medicine (EIM) initiative. The EIM initiative was launched in 2007 jointly by the American College of Sports Medicine and American Medical Association. Three principles underlie the EIM initiative. First, physical activity should be monitored as a vital sign; second, physical activity is an effective medical modality and should be prescribed; and third, success of their vision requires top down and bottom up efforts by 3 key stakeholder groups: health care providers, exercise professionals, and the community...
September 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Rachele M Pojednic, Rani Polak, Fred Arnstein, Mary A Kennedy, Amy Bantham, Edward M Phillips
OBJECTIVES: This study examined sports medicine physicians with an established interest in physical activity to investigate attitudes surrounding exercise, physical activity and patient-counseling behavior. The degree to which physicians' personal knowledge of physical activity and related resources, involvement with common activities, and perceived barriers were assessed. DESIGN: An internet survey was designed in four domains: (1) counseling behavior, (2) tools and resources, (3) appropriateness of common physical activities for patients and (4) barriers...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Reginald O'Hara, Christopher Vojta, Amy Henry, Lydia Caldwell, Molly Wade, Stacie Swanton, Jon K Linderman, Jason Ordway
INTRODUCTION: Heat-related illness is a critical factor for military personnel operating in hyperthermic environments. Heat illness can alter cognitive and physical performance during sustained operations missions. Therefore, the primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of a novel cooling shirt on core body temperature in highly trained US Air Force personnel. METHODS: Twelve trained (at least 80th percentile for aerobic fitness according to the American College of Sports Medicine, at least 90% on the US Air Force fitness test), male Air Force participants (mean values: age, 25 ± 2...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Amie J Dirks-Naylor, Carrie L Griffiths, Jacob L Gibson, Jacqueline A Luu
Exercise training has proven to be beneficial in the prevention of disease. In addition, exercise can improve the pathogenesis and symptoms associated with a variety of chronic disease states and can attenuate drug-induced adverse effects. Exercise is a drug-free polypill. Because the benefits of exercise are clear and profound, Exercise is Medicine, a joint initiative between the American Medical Association and American College of Sports Medicine, was launched in 2007 to call on all health care providers to counsel patients and prescribe exercise in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease states...
September 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
D Enette Larson-Meyer
PURPOSE: With the increasing popularity of Hatha yoga, it is important to understand the energy cost and METs of yoga practice within the context of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American Heart Association (AHA) physical activity guidelines. METHODS: This systematic review evaluated the energy cost and metabolic intensity of yoga practice including yoga asanas (poses/postures) and pranayamas (breath exercises) measured by indirect calorimetry...
August 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Elizabeth A Joy, Linda S Pescatello
Participation in regular physical activity is associated with a multitude of benefits including a reduction in chronic disease and premature mortality, and improved quality of life. All segments of society need to collaborate with one another in an effort to promote active lives. The Israeli "Gymnasium Law" requires pre-exercise evaluation prior to exercise participation in a health club. Recently that law was modified to allow for participant pre-screening with the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire for Everyone (PAR-Q+)...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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