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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154695/an-evaluation-of-portable-wet-bulb-globe-temperature-monitor-accuracy
#1
Earl Cooper, Andrew Grundstein, Adam Rosen, Jessica Miles, Jupil Ko, Patrick Curry
CONTEXT:   Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) is the gold standard for assessing environmental heat stress during physical activity. Many manufacturers of commercially available instruments fail to report WBGT accuracy. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the accuracy of several commercially available WBGT monitors compared with a standardized reference device. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Field test. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Six commercially available WBGT devices...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108552/effect-of-body-fat-and-gender-on-body-temperature-distribution
#2
Eduardo Borba Neves, Ana Carla Chierighini Salamunes, Rafael Melo de Oliveira, Adriana Maria Wan Stadnik
It is well known that body composition can influence peripheral heat loss and skin temperature. That the distribution of body fat is affected by gender is well known; however, there is little information on how body composition and gender influences the measure of skin temperature. This study evaluated skin temperature distribution according to body fat percentage (BF%) and gender. A sample of 94 apparently healthy volunteers (47 women and 47 men) was assessed with Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) and infrared thermography (mean, maximum and minimum temperatures - TMean, TMax and TMin)...
December 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094773/availability-of-prostate-cancer-exercise-rehabilitation-resources-and-practice-patterns-in-belgium-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
R Bultijnck, B Van Ruymbeke, S Everaert, H Bagué, E Rammant, S Rimbaut, V Fonteyne, N Lumen, K Decaestecker, P Ost
Exercise is recommended for prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy. The goal of the study was to assess the availability of hospital-based rehabilitation resources and national practice patterns for PCa in Belgium. A questionnaire was conducted with rehabilitation physical therapists in all Belgian hospital with urology and rehabilitation departments. Practice patterns were compared with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. PCa prevalence data were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry and attitude of physicians towards physical activity was documented...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083942/regular-aerobic-exercise-and-blood-pressure-in-east-asians-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Yutaka Igarashi, Nobuhiko Akazawa, Seiji Maeda
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of regular aerobic exercise on blood pressure in East Asians. The inclusion criteria of the randomized controlled trials were healthy East Asian adults, exercise group performing regular aerobic exercise and control group not exercising, and a description of the mean systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure at rest. This study included 31 study groups and 1994 subjects. Pooled changes in blood pressure showed significant reductions (systolic blood pressure: -4...
October 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083464/initiating-exercise-interventions-to-promote-wellness-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#5
REVIEW
Anna L Schwartz, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Jennifer W Bea
Exercise is associated with significant reductions in the recurrence and mortality rates of several common cancers. Cancer survivors who exercise can potentially benefit from reduced levels of fatigue, and improved quality of life, physical function, and body composition (ie, healthier ratios of lean body mass to fat mass). The amount of activity required to achieve protective effects is moderate (eg, walking 30 minutes per day at 2.5 miles per hour). However, many healthcare providers report a lack of awareness of the appropriate exercise recommendations across the phases of cancer survivorship, considerations regarding the timing of exercise interventions, and the ability to refer patients to exercise programs specifically aimed at cancer survivors...
October 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033146/the-prevalence-and-performance-of-resistance-exercise-training-activities-in-an-australian-population-in-relation-to-health-authority-guidelines
#6
Brendan Humphries, Rob Stanton, Aaron Scanlan, Mitch J Duncan
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training research highlights the importance of training intensity to resistance exercise training (RET) and the associated benefits to health and function for healthy and at-risk populations. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommend specific intensities, frequencies, repetitions, and number of exercises of RET to be performed to maintain health. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of achieving recommended levels of RET in relation to ACSM guidelines for intensity, frequency, repetitions, and number of exercises in a regional Australian population...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982505/sports-cardiology-core-curriculum-for-providing-cardiovascular-care-to-competitive-athletes-and-highly-active-people
#7
REVIEW
Aaron L Baggish, Robert W Battle, James G Beckerman, Alfred A Bove, Rachel J Lampert, Benjamin D Levine, Mark S Link, Matthew W Martinez, Silvana M Molossi, Jack Salerno, Meagan M Wasfy, Rory B Weiner, Michael S Emery
The last few decades have seen substantial growth in the populations of competitive athletes and highly active people (CAHAP). Although vigorous physical exercise is an effective way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, CAHAP remain susceptible to inherited and acquired CV disease, and may be most at risk for adverse CV outcomes during intense physical activity. Traditionally, multidisciplinary teams comprising athletic trainers, physical therapists, primary care sports medicine physicians, and orthopedic surgeons have provided clinical care for CAHAP...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966705/blood-flow-restriction-training-implementation-into-clinical-practice
#8
EDITORIAL
William R Vanwye, Alyssa M Weatherholt, Alan E Mikesky
To improve muscular strength and hypertrophy the American College of Sports Medicine recommends moderate to high load resistance training. However, use of moderate to high loads are often not feasible in clinical populations. Therefore, the emergence of low load (LL) blood flow restriction (BFR) training as a rehabilitation tool for clinical populations is becoming popular. Although the majority of research on LL-BFR training has examined healthy populations, clinical applications are emerging. Overall, it appears BFR training is a safe and effective tool for rehabilitation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#9
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857391/estimated-peak-functional-capacity-an-accurate-method-for-assessing-change-in-peak-oxygen-consumption-after-cardiac-rehabilitation
#10
S Nichols, D O Gleadall-Siddall, R Antony, A L Clark, J G F Cleland, S Carroll, L Ingle
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the 'gold standard' method of determining VO2peak . When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equivalents (METs). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes use estimated VO2peak (METs) to report changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, the accuracy of determining changes in VO2peak based on estimated functional capacity is not known. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with coronary heart disease (88·9% male; age 59·5 ± 10·0 years, body mass index 29·6 ± 3·8 kg m(-2) ) performed maximal CPET before and after an exercise-based CR intervention...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#11
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756248/do-trials-of-resistance-training-to-improve-mobility-after-stroke-adhere-to-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Genevieve Hendrey, Anne E Holland, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Ross A Clark, Gavin Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resistance training to improve mobility outcomes after stroke adheres to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines, and whether adherence was associated with better outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Online databases searched from 1975 to October 30, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of lower limb strength training on mobility outcomes in adult participants with stroke...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676154/new-generalized-equation-for-predicting-maximal-oxygen-uptake-from-the-fitness-registry-and-the-importance-of-exercise-national-database
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Impaired cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is closely linked to chronic illness and associated with adverse events. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) regression equations (ACSM equations) developed to estimate oxygen uptake have known limitations leading to well-documented overestimation of CRF, especially at higher work rates. Thus, there is a need to explore alternative equations to more accurately predict CRF. We assessed maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) obtained directly by open-circuit spirometry in 7,983 apparently healthy subjects who participated in the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648741/the-importance-of-dose-in-land-based-supervised-exercise-for-people-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
T Moseng, H Dagfinrud, G Smedslund, N Østerås
PURPOSE: To compare effects of land-based exercise programmes with high vs low or uncertain compliance with dose recommendations among people with hip osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analyses of supervised exercise programmes in people with symptomatic hip OA was conducted. Dose of the exercise interventions was evaluated according to the American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM) recommendations for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength and flexibility in healthy adults...
June 23, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557860/applying-the-acsm-preparticipation-screening-algorithm-to-u-s-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2004
#15
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Deborah Riebe, Meir Magal, Gary Liguori
PURPOSE: For most people, the benefits of physical activity far outweigh the risks. Research has suggested that exercise preparticipation questionnaires might refer an unwarranted number of adults for medical evaluation before exercise initiation, creating a potential barrier to adoption. The new American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) prescreening algorithm relies on current exercise participation; history and symptoms of cardiovascular, metabolic, or renal disease; and desired exercise intensity to determine referral status...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515841/demands-of-simulated-commuting-using-an-electrically-assisted-bicycle
#16
D Taylor LA Salle, Robert Shute, Matthew Heesch, Dustin Slivka
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends adults participate in weekly aerobic activity for a minimum of 30 minutes moderate intensity exercise 5 days per week or 20 minutes of vigorous activity 3 days per week. The electrically assisted bicycle may help individuals achieve the ACSM's aerobic recommendations and introduce inactive individuals to physical activity. To compare the physiological requirements of riding a bicycle with electric pedal assist versus non-assist among healthy active young adults...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513268/effects-of-volume-training-on-strength-and-endurance-of-back-muscles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Rubens A da Silva
CONTEXT: Strength/resistance training volume has historically been supported in the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. However, for the back muscles, exercise prescription related to the number of sets, such as single vs. multiple, is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two training volumes on strength and endurance of back extensor muscles in untrained young participants, with regard to a repeated measures design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498229/not-missing-the-future-a-call-to-action-for-investigating-the-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies-in-pediatric-adolescent-sports-injuries
#18
Thomas M Best, Arnold Caplan, Michael Coleman, Laurie Goodrich, Jason Hurd, Lee D Kaplan, Ben Noonan, Philip Schoettle, Christopher Scott, Henry Stiene, Johnny Huard
In August 2016, a group including sport medicine clinicians, researchers, and a bioethicist met in Vail, Colorado to discuss regenerative medicine and its potential role in youth sports injuries. There was consensus that a call to action is urgently needed to understand the current evidence base, the risks and rewards, and future directions of research and clinical practice for regenerative medicine therapies in youth sports. We present here a summary of our meeting, which was supported by the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute (NYSHSI), a partnership between the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Sanford Health...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461880/step-test-a-method-for-evaluating-maximum-oxygen-consumption-to-determine-the-ability-kind-of-work-among-students-of-medical-emergencies
#19
Payam Heydari, Sakineh Varmazyar, Ahmad Nikpey, Ali Safari Variani, Mojtaba Jafarvand
INTRODUCTION: Maximum oxygen consumption shows the maximum oxygen rate of muscle oxygenation that is acceptable in many cases, to measure the fitness between person and the desired job. Given that medical emergencies are important, and difficult jobs in emergency situations require people with high physical ability and readiness for the job, the aim of this study was to evaluate the maximum oxygen consumption, to determine the ability of work type among students of medical emergencies in Qazvin in 2016...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458924/interrelationship-between-sleep-and-exercise-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, David M Boland, Jennifer L Martin, Christopher B Cooper
Although a substantial body of literature has explored the relationship between sleep and exercise, comprehensive reviews and definitive conclusions about the impact of exercise interventions on sleep are lacking. Electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 2013 and March 2017. Studies were included if they possessed either objective or subjective measures of sleep and an exercise intervention that followed the guidelines recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine. Thirty-four studies met these inclusion criteria...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
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