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American college of sports medicine

Jennifer O'Neil, Daniel McEwen, Michael J Del Bel, Donguk Jo, Odette Thevenot, Olivia S MacKiddie, Lucie Brosseau
Purpose/Rationale: Physical exercise interventions for the management of knee osteoarthritis are well known to be effective and accessible forms of rehabilitation and symptom management. However, without adequate reporting of these interventions, accurate replication and clinical use is negatively impacted. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this article was to assess content reporting using The Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template list and 2016 American College of Sports Medicine guidelines among moderate- to high-quality exercise interventions randomized controlled trials (total score of ≥6/10 on the PEDro scale) involving individuals with knee osteoarthritis...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) have long been known to have high rates of depression. Depression in patients with PC can be linked to sleep disturbance. The American College of Sports Medicine notes that physical exercise is safe for most patients with cancer and physical inactivity should be avoided. However, clinical impacts of exercise interventions (EIs) on patients with PC have been poorly investigated. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of EIs on sleep disturbance in patients with PC using actigraphy, which is an objective measurement of motor activity and sleep...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Yelena N Tarasenko, Daniel F Linder, Eric A Miller
PURPOSE: This study examined the association between adherence to American College of Sports Medicine and American Cancer Society guidelines on aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities and mortality risks among 3+ year cancer survivors in the U.S. METHODS: The observational study was based on 1999-2009 National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files with follow-up through 2011. After applying exclusion criteria, there were 13,997 observations. The hazard ratios (HRs) for meeting recommendations on muscle-strengthening activities only, on aerobic activities only, and on both types of physical activity (i...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Theresa Coles, Antonia V Bennett, Xianming Tan, Claudio L Battaglini, Hanna K Sanoff, Ethan Basch, Roxanne E Jensen, Bryce B Reeve
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between exercise and sleep disturbance in a sample of individuals diagnosed with stage I, II, and III colorectal cancer (CRC) as patients transitioned off first-line treatment. We also sought to identify heterogeneity in the relationship between sleep disturbance and exercise. METHODS: Data were obtained from the MY-Health study, a community-based observational study of adults diagnosed with cancer...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Philippe Gendron, Claude Lajoie, Louis Laurencelle, François Trudeau
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to document the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and symptoms in Québec firefighters. METHODS: Seven hundred and seventy-nine (779) male firefighters (age: 41.6 ± 10.4 years; body mass index (BMI): 28.0 ± 3.6 kg/m) answered an online questionnaire evaluating lifestyle and the presence of CVD risk factors and symptoms. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m), diagnosed hypertension, diagnosed dyslipidemia and diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus was respectively 23...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Martin J Gibala
The paper by Søgaard et al.1 in this issue of Acta Physiologica sheds new light on the potential for high-intensity interval training (HIIT) to improve insulin sensitivity and other indices of cardiometabolic health in older individuals. While interval training has been practiced by high-level athletes for more than a century, the last decade in particular has seen a resurgence of interest in the method as a means to enhance health in a wide range of individuals. Renewed scientific inquiry has been accompanied by increased attention from fitness enthusiasts, as evidenced by the fact that HIIT was again recently named the top fitness trend worldwide in an annual survey by the American College of Sports Medicine...
February 12, 2018: Acta Physiologica
Andrew J Grundstein, Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:   Weather-based activity modification in athletics is an important way to minimize heat illnesses. However, many commonly used heat-safety guidelines include a uniform set of heat-stress thresholds that do not account for geographic differences in acclimatization. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if heat-related fatalities among American football players occurred on days with unusually stressful weather conditions based on the local climate and to assess the need for regional heat-safety guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Leanne Hassett, Anne M Moseley, Alison R Harmer
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training improves body function and structure (physical and cognitive impairments, psychological responses resulting from the injury), activity limitations and participation restrictions in people who have sustained a TBI as well as to evaluate its safety, acceptance, feasibility and suitability...
December 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Earl Cooper, Andrew Grundstein, Adam Rosen, Jessica Miles, Jupil Ko, Patrick Curry
CONTEXT:   Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) is the gold standard for assessing environmental heat stress during physical activity. Many manufacturers of commercially available instruments fail to report WBGT accuracy. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the accuracy of several commercially available WBGT monitors compared with a standardized reference device. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Field test. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Six commercially available WBGT devices...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
Eduardo Borba Neves, Ana Carla Chierighini Salamunes, Rafael Melo de Oliveira, Adriana Maria Wan Stadnik
It is well known that body composition can influence peripheral heat loss and skin temperature. That the distribution of body fat is affected by gender is well known; however, there is little information on how body composition and gender influences the measure of skin temperature. This study evaluated skin temperature distribution according to body fat percentage (BF%) and gender. A sample of 94 apparently healthy volunteers (47 women and 47 men) was assessed with Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) and infrared thermography (mean, maximum and minimum temperatures - TMean, TMax and TMin)...
December 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
R Bultijnck, B Van Ruymbeke, S Everaert, H Bagué, E Rammant, S Rimbaut, V Fonteyne, N Lumen, K Decaestecker, P Ost
Exercise is recommended for prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy. The goal of the study was to assess the availability of hospital-based rehabilitation resources and national practice patterns for PCa in Belgium. A questionnaire was conducted with rehabilitation physical therapists in all Belgian hospital with urology and rehabilitation departments. Practice patterns were compared with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. PCa prevalence data were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry and attitude of physicians towards physical activity was documented...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
Yutaka Igarashi, Nobuhiko Akazawa, Seiji Maeda
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of regular aerobic exercise on blood pressure in East Asians. The inclusion criteria of the randomized controlled trials were healthy East Asian adults, exercise group performing regular aerobic exercise and control group not exercising, and a description of the mean systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure at rest. This study included 31 study groups and 1994 subjects. Pooled changes in blood pressure showed significant reductions (systolic blood pressure: -4...
October 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Anna L Schwartz, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Jennifer W Bea
Exercise is associated with significant reductions in the recurrence and mortality rates of several common cancers. Cancer survivors who exercise can potentially benefit from reduced levels of fatigue, and improved quality of life, physical function, and body composition (ie, healthier ratios of lean body mass to fat mass). The amount of activity required to achieve protective effects is moderate (eg, walking 30 minutes per day at 2.5 miles per hour). However, many healthcare providers report a lack of awareness of the appropriate exercise recommendations across the phases of cancer survivorship, considerations regarding the timing of exercise interventions, and the ability to refer patients to exercise programs specifically aimed at cancer survivors...
October 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Brendan Humphries, Rob Stanton, Aaron Scanlan, Mitch J Duncan
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training research highlights the importance of training intensity to resistance exercise training (RET) and the associated benefits to health and function for healthy and at-risk populations. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommend specific intensities, frequencies, repetitions, and number of exercises of RET to be performed to maintain health. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of achieving recommended levels of RET in relation to ACSM guidelines for intensity, frequency, repetitions, and number of exercises in a regional Australian population...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Aaron L Baggish, Robert W Battle, James G Beckerman, Alfred A Bove, Rachel J Lampert, Benjamin D Levine, Mark S Link, Matthew W Martinez, Silvana M Molossi, Jack Salerno, Meagan M Wasfy, Rory B Weiner, Michael S Emery
The last few decades have seen substantial growth in the populations of competitive athletes and highly active people (CAHAP). Although vigorous physical exercise is an effective way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, CAHAP remain susceptible to inherited and acquired CV disease, and may be most at risk for adverse CV outcomes during intense physical activity. Traditionally, multidisciplinary teams comprising athletic trainers, physical therapists, primary care sports medicine physicians, and orthopedic surgeons have provided clinical care for CAHAP...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
William R Vanwye, Alyssa M Weatherholt, Alan E Mikesky
To improve muscular strength and hypertrophy the American College of Sports Medicine recommends moderate to high load resistance training. However, use of moderate to high loads are often not feasible in clinical populations. Therefore, the emergence of low load (LL) blood flow restriction (BFR) training as a rehabilitation tool for clinical populations is becoming popular. Although the majority of research on LL-BFR training has examined healthy populations, clinical applications are emerging. Overall, it appears BFR training is a safe and effective tool for rehabilitation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
S Nichols, D O Gleadall-Siddall, R Antony, A L Clark, J G F Cleland, S Carroll, L Ingle
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the 'gold standard' method of determining VO2peak . When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equivalents (METs). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes use estimated VO2peak (METs) to report changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, the accuracy of determining changes in VO2peak based on estimated functional capacity is not known. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with coronary heart disease (88·9% male; age 59·5 ± 10·0 years, body mass index 29·6 ± 3·8 kg m(-2) ) performed maximal CPET before and after an exercise-based CR intervention...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
Genevieve Hendrey, Anne E Holland, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Ross A Clark, Gavin Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resistance training to improve mobility outcomes after stroke adheres to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines, and whether adherence was associated with better outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Online databases searched from 1975 to October 30, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of lower limb strength training on mobility outcomes in adult participants with stroke...
March 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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