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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#1
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857391/estimated-peak-functional-capacity-an-accurate-method-for-assessing-change-in-peak-oxygen-consumption-after-cardiac-rehabilitation
#2
S Nichols, D O Gleadall-Siddall, R Antony, A L Clark, J G F Cleland, S Carroll, L Ingle
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the 'gold standard' method of determining VO2peak . When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equivalents (METs). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes use estimated VO2peak (METs) to report changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, the accuracy of determining changes in VO2peak based on estimated functional capacity is not known. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with coronary heart disease (88·9% male; age 59·5 ± 10·0 years, body mass index 29·6 ± 3·8 kg m(-2) ) performed maximal CPET before and after an exercise-based CR intervention...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756248/do-trials-of-resistance-training-to-improve-mobility-after-stroke-adhere-to-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Genevieve Hendrey, Anne E Holland, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Ross Clark, Gavin Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resistance training to improve mobility outcomes after stroke adhere to the ACSM guidelines, and whether adherence was associated with better outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Online databases searched from 1975 to 30 October 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of lower limb strength training on mobility outcomes in adult stroke participants. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two independent reviewers completed data extraction...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676154/new-generalized-equation-for-predicting-maximal-oxygen-uptake-from-the-fitness-registry-and-the-importance-of-exercise-national-database
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Impaired cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is closely linked to chronic illness and associated with adverse events. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) regression equations (ACSM equations) developed to estimate oxygen uptake have known limitations leading to well-documented overestimation of CRF, especially at higher work rates. Thus, there is a need to explore alternative equations to more accurately predict CRF. We assessed maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) obtained directly by open-circuit spirometry in 7,983 apparently healthy subjects who participated in the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648741/the-importance-of-dose-in-land-based-supervised-exercise-for-people-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
T Moseng, H Dagfinrud, G Smedslund, N Østerås
PURPOSE: To compare effects of land-based exercise programmes with high vs low or uncertain compliance with dose recommendations among people with hip osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analyses of supervised exercise programmes in people with symptomatic hip OA was conducted. Dose of the exercise interventions was evaluated according to the American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM) recommendations for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength and flexibility in healthy adults...
June 23, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557860/applying-the-acsm-preparticipation-screening-algorithm-to-u-s-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2004
#7
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Deborah Riebe, Meir Magal, Gary Liguori
PURPOSE: For most people, the benefits of physical activity far outweigh the risks. Research has suggested that exercise preparticipation questionnaires might refer an unwarranted number of adults for medical evaluation before exercise initiation, creating a potential barrier to adoption. The new American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) prescreening algorithm relies on current exercise participation; history and symptoms of cardiovascular, metabolic, or renal disease; and desired exercise intensity to determine referral status...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515841/demands-of-simulated-commuting-using-an-electrically-assisted-bicycle
#8
D Taylor LA Salle, Robert Shute, Matthew Heesch, Dustin Slivka
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends adults participate in weekly aerobic activity for a minimum of 30 minutes moderate intensity exercise 5 days per week or 20 minutes of vigorous activity 3 days per week. The electrically assisted bicycle may help individuals achieve the ACSM's aerobic recommendations and introduce inactive individuals to physical activity. To compare the physiological requirements of riding a bicycle with electric pedal assist versus non-assist among healthy active young adults...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513268/effects-of-volume-training-on-strength-and-endurance-of-back-muscles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Rubens A da Silva
CONTEXT: Strength/resistance training volume has historically been supported in the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. However, for the back muscles, exercise prescription related to the number of sets, such as single vs. multiple, is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two training volumes on strength and endurance of back extensor muscles in untrained young participants, with regard to a repeated measures design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498229/not-missing-the-future-a-call-to-action-for-investigating-the-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies-in-pediatric-adolescent-sports-injuries
#10
Thomas M Best, Arnold Caplan, Michael Coleman, Laurie Goodrich, Jason Hurd, Lee D Kaplan, Ben Noonan, Philip Schoettle, Christopher Scott, Henry Stiene, Johnny Huard
In August 2016, a group including sport medicine clinicians, researchers, and a bioethicist met in Vail, Colorado to discuss regenerative medicine and its potential role in youth sports injuries. There was consensus that a call to action is urgently needed to understand the current evidence base, the risks and rewards, and future directions of research and clinical practice for regenerative medicine therapies in youth sports. We present here a summary of our meeting, which was supported by the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute (NYSHSI), a partnership between the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Sanford Health...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461880/step-test-a-method-for-evaluating-maximum-oxygen-consumption-to-determine-the-ability-kind-of-work-among-students-of-medical-emergencies
#11
Payam Heydari, Sakineh Varmazyar, Ahmad Nikpey, Ali Safari Variani, Mojtaba Jafarvand
INTRODUCTION: Maximum oxygen consumption shows the maximum oxygen rate of muscle oxygenation that is acceptable in many cases, to measure the fitness between person and the desired job. Given that medical emergencies are important, and difficult jobs in emergency situations require people with high physical ability and readiness for the job, the aim of this study was to evaluate the maximum oxygen consumption, to determine the ability of work type among students of medical emergencies in Qazvin in 2016...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458924/interrelationship-between-sleep-and-exercise-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, David M Boland, Jennifer L Martin, Christopher B Cooper
Although a substantial body of literature has explored the relationship between sleep and exercise, comprehensive reviews and definitive conclusions about the impact of exercise interventions on sleep are lacking. Electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 2013 and March 2017. Studies were included if they possessed either objective or subjective measures of sleep and an exercise intervention that followed the guidelines recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine. Thirty-four studies met these inclusion criteria...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455366/effect-of-cardiorespiratory-and-strength-exercises-on-disease-activity-in-patients-with-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Silje Halvorsen Sveaas, Geir Smedslund, Kåre Birger Hagen, Hanne Dagfinrud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of cardiorespiratory and strength exercises on disease activity for patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRDs). DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis registered at PROSPERO (CRD42015020004). PARTICIPANTS: Patients with IRDs. DATA SOURCES: The databases MEDLINE, AMED, Embase and CINAHL were searched from inception up to April 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Trials were included if they were randomised controlled trials of adults with IRDs, comparing the effect of cardiorespiratory and strength exercises with usual care on disease activity and followed the American College of Sports Medicine's exercise recommendations...
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438380/the-role-of-muscle-strengthening-in-exercise-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#14
REVIEW
Cecilie Bartholdy, Carsten Juhl, Robin Christensen, Hans Lund, Weiya Zhang, Marius Henriksen
OBJECTIVES: To analyze if exercise interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) following the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) definition of muscle strength training differs from other types of exercise, and to analyze associations between changes in muscle strength, pain, and disability. METHODS: A systematic search in 5 electronic databases was performed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing exercise interventions with no intervention in knee OA, and reporting changes in muscle strength and in pain or disability assessed as standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
August 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324699/low-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-increased-adrenocortical-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-students-with-high-stress-perceptions
#15
Markus Gerber, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVES: The pathways by which physical activity impacts on participants' health are still not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond existing research by combining methods from survey-based and experimental stress research, and by examining whether the potential of vigorous physical activity (VPA) to attenuate physiological and psychological stress responses is moderated by participants' subjective stress perception. METHODS: The sample consisted of 42 undergraduate students (M=21...
June 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270378/assessing-the-quality-of-mobile-exercise-apps-based-on-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-guidelines-a-reliable-and-valid-scoring-instrument
#16
Yi Guo, Jiang Bian, Trevor Leavitt, Heather K Vincent, Lindsey Vander Zalm, Tyler L Teurlings, Megan D Smith, François Modave
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity can not only help with weight management, but also lower cardiovascular risks, cancer rates, and chronic disease burden. Yet, only approximately 20% of Americans currently meet the physical activity guidelines recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services. With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile apps have the potential to improve participation rates in exercise programs, particularly if they are evidence-based and are of sufficient content quality...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187143/the-relation-between-exercise-and-glaucoma-in-a-south-korean-population-based-sample
#17
Shuai-Chun Lin, Sophia Y Wang, Louis R Pasquale, Kuldev Singh, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between exercise and glaucoma in a South Korean population-based sample. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,246 subjects, 40 years and older who underwent health care assessment as part of the 2008-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Variables regarding the duration (total minutes per week), frequency (days per week), and intensity of exercise (vigorous, moderate exercise and walking) as well as glaucoma prevalence were ascertained for 11,246 survey participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131780/physical-activity-levels-and-counseling-by-health-care-providers-in-cancer-survivors
#18
Yelena N Tarasenko, Eric A Miller, Chen Chen, Nancy E Schoenberg
Physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors issued by the American Cancer Society and the American College of Sports Medicine emphasize the essential role of a health care provider (HCP) in counseling cancer survivors to achieve healthier lifestyles. However, research has not established whether HCP's recommendations to engage in physical activity are associated with increased physical activity levels of cancer survivors. The study examines this potential association using the 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Survey data...
January 26, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113566/moving-real-exergaming-engines-on-the-web-the-webfitforall-case-study-in-an-active-and-healthy-ageing-living-lab-environment
#19
Evdokimos I Konstantinidis, Giorgos Bamparopoulos, Panagiotis D Bamidis
Exergames have been the subject of research and technology innovations for a number of years. Different devices and technologies have been utilized to train the body and the mind of senior people or different patient groups. In the past, we presented FitForAll, the protocol efficacy of which was proven through widely taken (controlled) pilots with more than 116 seniors for a period of two months. The current piece of work expands this and presents the first truly web exergaming platform, which is solely based on HTML5 and JavaScript without any browser plugin requirements...
May 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943255/self-reported-physical-activity-levels-of-older-cancer-survivors-results-from-the-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#20
Yelena Tarasenko, Chen Chen, Nancy Schoenberg
OBJECTIVES: To examine adherence to the American College of Sports Medicine and American Cancer Society guidelines on leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening physical activity (PA) of older cancer survivors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: Young-old (65-74) (n = 627), old-old (≥75) (n = 656), and middle-aged (45-64) (n = 786) cancer survivors and adults without cancer (n = 18,369), stratified according to the same age groups...
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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