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Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Giulio Conti, Alessandra Majorana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Abolfazl Aslani, Behzad Zolfaghari, Fatemeh Davoodvandi
Purpose: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a disease with unknown etiology that's mostly treated symptomatically and has no definite cure. Pomegranate (Punica granatum) flowers have been used as medicinal herb that due to its antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and healing effects, has been useful in treatment of oral aphthous. Therefore, we decided to formulate a mucoadhesive gel with pomegranate flower extract to reduce the need for corticosteroid therapy in patients. Methods: Pomegranate flowers are extracted by percolation method...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Nasrin Rafieian, Hamidreza Abdolsamadi, Aliakbar Moghadamnia, Mina Jazayeri, Mohammadali Seif-Rabiee, Mina Salmanzadeh, Shahrbanoo Radi
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common painful ulcers of oral mucosal which can cause many sufferings. Treatment of RAS often includes administration of corticosteroids, analgesics and regulators of the immune system. However, considering the side effects of these medications, even their topical application must be done with caution. Alum is used in traditional medicine for treatment of oral ulcers without significant side effect. This study sought to assess the effect of topical application of alum on aphthous ulcers...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Kena Shah, Juan Guarderas, Guha Krishnaswamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Sana Zohaib, Bilal Najeeb, Saad Bin Qasim, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The exact etiology of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAS) is unknown. The management of RAS is not always straightforward. The aim of this review is to critically analyze and summarize the clinical literature focusing on the management of aphthous ulcers using low-level lasers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline (PubMed), Web of Knowledge (ISI), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Embase databases were searched electronically for studies published in last 20 years (1995-2015) using the keywords "recurrent aphthous stomatitis," "aphthous ulcers," and "laser...
September 15, 2016: Medicina
Farid Abbasi, Maryam Raoof, Roya Khatami, Niloofar Shadman, Farnaz Borjian-Boroojeni, Farahnaz Nazari
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common condition that affects approximately 20% of the general population. The ulcers can interfere with speech and eating and cause significant pain and discomfort. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Amlexanox and Adcortyl in the treatment of aphthous ulcers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this randomized double blind clinical trial with sequential patient entry, a total of 40 patients who presented with aphthous ulcers were included...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Mohaddese Mahboubi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Iranian Traditional Medicine, M. communis is a famous plant in treatment of oral ulcers and "Gholaa"- the ancient name of aphthous. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to create a bridge between the traditional claims about the application of M. communis in treatment of "Gholaa" and its prescription for aphthous, the current form of "Gholaa" in modern medicine. METHODS: We extracted the information about the application of M...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ulla Lantto, Petri Koivunen, Terhi Tapiainen, Marjo Renko
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of tonsillectomy and the long-term outcome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome in patients fulfilling the classic diagnostic criteria and in those with regularly recurring fever as the only symptom or with onset of symptoms after age 5 years or both. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the medical records of 3852 children who underwent tonsillectomy between 1990 and 2007 and identified 108 children who did so because of regularly recurring fevers...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Hafize Emine Sönmez, Ezgi Deniz Batu, Yelda Bilginer, Seza Özen
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is inherited autosomal recessively; however, heterozygotes may express FMF phenotype. We aimed to define the characteristics of FMF patients heterozygous for MEFV (MEditerranean FeVer) mutations in whom colchicine was stopped after a period of treatment, with close follow-up. We reviewed the charts of 182 children who were heterozygous for MEFV variants. We excluded the patients (n = 34) heterozygous for MEFV variants of unknown significance and patients with typical periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis syndrome (n = 2)...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Nicolás Roberto Robles, Ramón Peces, Álvaro Gómez-Ferrer, Felipe Villacampa, Jose Luis Álvarez-Ossorio, Pedro Pérez-Segura, Juan Morote, Bernardo Herrera-Imbroda, Javier Nieto, Joaquín Carballido, Urbano Anido, Marian Valero, Cristina Meseguer, Roser Torra
BACKGROUND: Renal angiomyolipomas (AML) are usual manifestations of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) that may cause aneurism-related haemorrhages and renal impairment. Everolimus has emerged as an alternative to surgery/embolization. We provide further insight into everolimus safety and efficacy for TSC-related AML. METHODS: This was a Spanish expanded access trial including patients aged ≥18 years with TSC-related AML. They received 10 mg everolimus once daily until AML progression, unacceptable toxicity, death/withdrawal, commercialisation for TSC-related AML, or 1 year after first patient enrolment...
September 26, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Genevieve T Ostring, Davinder Singh-Grewal
Recurrent fever is a common presentation in paediatric practice and can be caused by a wide variety of diseases including autoinflammatory conditions. The innate immune system plays an essential role in the 'first line' response to infection through mediation of inflammatory responses. Inflammasomes are part of the regulatory process for this system and result in the production of the powerful pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1B. Dysregulation of inflammasomes, and Interleukin 1 production, contributes to the pathogenesis of autoinflammatory diseases...
September 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Kadri Ila, Aziz Tunc
Acute or chronic laryngitis, laryngeal trauma, vocal cord paralysis, cysts of the vocal cord, and benign or malignant tumors of the vocal folds are frequent causes of hoarseness. It is important to identify the cause of hoarseness to rule out potential malignancies. In this case report, we describe a patient with a bilateral aphthous ulcer in the vocal cords who was admitted with hoarseness and had been previously diagnosed with Behcet disease. Behcet disease is characterized by mucosal aphthous lesions, which are found primarily in oral and genital regions...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Azadeh Akar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplement as an effective, safe and inexpensive medicine for the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. METHODS: In this double-blind clinical trial, 50 patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis were randomly divided into the omega-3 group and placebo group. Patients in the omega-3 group received 1000 mg omega-3 group capsules (Daroupakhsh Company, Tehran, Iran) for 6 months; while those in the placebo group received placebo capsules with the same instructions...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
Shigeru Koba, Toshio Sekioka, Sorou Takeda, Aya Miyagawa-Hayashino, Keisuke Nishimura, Shinsaku Imashuku
A previously healthy 74-year-old Japanese female was hospitalized with fever and high C-reactive protein. She developed palatal herpangina-like aphthous ulcers, localized intestinal wall thickening, terminal ileum ulcers, and an erythematous acneiform rash; thus Behçet's disease-like illness was suspected. Significant peripheral blood acute monocytosis developed during her hospitalization and acute monocytic leukemia (FAB M5b) with normal karyotype was diagnosed. By immunostaining, the infiltrating cells in the skin and the terminal ileum were identified as monocytic leukemic cells...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Yalçın Baş, Havva Yıldız Seçkin, Göknur Kalkan, Zennure Takcı, Yalçın Önder, Rıza Çıtıl, Selim Demir, Şafak Şahin
BACKGROUND: The Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is the most frequently observed painful pathology of the oral mucosa in the society. It appears mostly in idiopathic form; however, it may also be related with systemic diseases like Behçet's Disease (BD). AIMS: Determining the prevalence of RAS and BD in the Northern Anatolian Region, which is one of the important routes on the Antique Silk Road. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 85 separate exemplification groups were formed to reflect the population density, and the demographic data of the region they represent...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Ali Beddouche, Hicham Ouaziz, Sinane Zougaghi, Abdelilah Alaoui, Hamza Dergamoun, Hachem El Sayegh, Ali Iken, Lounis Benslimane, Yassine Nouini
Deep dorsal penile vein thrombosis (DDPVT)is a rare and little known urologic emergency. It requires an early etiological and symptomatic approach to preserve erectile function and prevent recurrences. This study reports a case of dorsal penile vein thrombosis revealed by spontaneous priapism that didn't resolve adequately and confirmed by penile Doppler ultrasound. After management of priapism and DDPVT, the etiological investigation revealed Behcet's disease whose diagnosis was based on the association of a major criteria, such as oral aphthous ulcers with 3 minor criteria such as: genital aphthous ulcers, ocular involvement, and a positive skin pathergy test within 24h...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Kalpana Manthiram, Emily Nesbitt, Thomas Morgan, Kathryn M Edwards
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe family history and inheritance patterns in patients with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. METHODS: We performed a case-control study to compare the family histories of patients with PFAPA recruited from Vanderbilt University Medical Center and matched healthy control subjects from a pediatric primary care practice in Nashville, Tennessee, by using a structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Ching Chang Cho, Ruey-Hwang Chou, Chin Yu
The human S100A4 protein binds calcium, resulting in a change in its conformation to promote the interaction with its target protein. Human epidermal growth factor (EGF) is the target protein of S100A4 and a critical ligand of the receptor EGFR. The EGF/EGFR system promotes cell survival, differentiation, and growth by activating several signaling pathways. Amlexanox is an anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic drug that is used to treat recurrent aphthous ulcers. In the present study, we determined that amlexanox interacts with S100A4 using heteronuclear single quantum correlation titration...
2016: PloS One
Minyue R Dai, Daniel K Ho, Lihua Huang, Ryan L Quock, Catherine M Flaitz
PURPOSE: To characterize traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) use, emphasizing herbal remedies, for oral conditions among two Chinese pediatric populations in the United States. METHODS: 318 unique ethnic Chinese parental units in Houston and Boston with children younger than 12 years old were interviewed for themselves and their children. Questionnaire included age, gender, duration in the United States, frequency of TCM use, and the five selected oral conditions for which TCM agents might be used...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
D B Gandhi Babu, Sunanda Chavva, Shefali Waghray, Neeharika Satya Jyothi Allam, Marella Kondaiah
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic, relapsing multisystemic vascular condition. Behçet's disease was described by Hulusi Behçet in 1937. This rare multisystem relapsing-remitting inflammatory disease is poorly understood but is thought to be an autoimmune inflammatory vasculitic process in a genetically predisposed population. Diagnosis of Behçet's disease is based on International Criteria of Behçet's Disease (ICBD). The present paper describes a case report of Behçet's syndrome where aphthous stomatitis was treated with low level laser therapy...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
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