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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094261/a-preliminary-report-on-psychiatric-impairments-and-quality-of-life-among-kaohsiung-gas-explosion-victims-6-months-after-the-event
#1
Joh-Jong Huang, Tsyr-En Grace Wu, Yi-Chen Chen, Ju-Yu Chiu, Pesus Chou, Frank Huang-Chih Chou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and related risk factors for probable disaster-related psychiatric disorders, such as major depressive episodes (MDEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), among the victims of a petrochemical gas explosion in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 6 months after the event. Additionally, the quality of life (QOL) of victims with related risk factors was simultaneously investigated. METHODS: A community-based screening survey with cross-sectional assessments was conducted...
November 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079958/fukushima-triple-disaster-and-the-road-to-recovery-a-qualitative-exploration-of-resilience-in-internally-displaced-residents
#2
Claire L Mann, Christina N Gillezeau, Alessandro Massazza, Daniel J Lyons, Kanata Tanaka, Kazuma Yonekura, Hideharu Sekine, Robert Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Six years after the March 2011 Triple Disaster, over 35,000 Japanese individuals remain in temporary housing. Evacuated residents, many of who are elderly, face mental health challenges. This study evaluates the well being of individuals living in temporary housing within Fukushima. Reactions to relocation were explored using Photovoice, a community-based participatory research method, in which a set of research questions are examined qualitatively through photographs and interviews. Seven participants (average age = 69...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069108/the-prevalence-characteristics-and-correlates-of-anger-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#3
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: Anger is a prominent and common emotion in postdisaster settings. However, there has been little systematic investigation of the association of anger with psychopathology or other individual characteristics in disaster survivors. This study examined anger responses reported by disaster survivors and correlates of that anger. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with a volunteer sample of 379 employees of 7 agencies that were highly affected by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056100/international-adoption-of-children-surviving-the-haitian-earthquake
#4
Julie Pascal, Marion Décombas-Marion, Véronique Poirier, Alexandre Lautrette, Emilie Rigal, Julie Sciauvaud, Bruno Pereira, André Labbe, Olivier Lesens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate resilience and frequency of behavioral symptoms in Haitian children internationally adopted before and after the earthquake of January 12, 2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative study in 40 Haitian children. Families were also asked to participate in a qualitative study (individual interview at 18-24 months after the earthquake) and to complete State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and STAI for children (STAI-C) questionnaires...
October 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041992/understanding-patterns-of-socioeconomic-and-demographic-factors-along-with-health-services-provider-availability-for-zika-outbreak-in-south-florida
#5
Linda McQuade, Mya Rao, Roger Miller, Winnie Zhou, Rinku Deol, Brian Sato
In this study, we analyzed the patterns of socioeconomic and demographic factors along with health services provider availability for the current Zika outbreak in Miami-Dade County, South Florida. We used Center for Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight (CCIIO) Machine-Readable Public Use Files (MR-PUFs) to examine provider availability in combination with socioeconomic and demographic factors that could potentially lead to healthcare disparities between any underserved population of the Wynwood neighborhood and the broader population of Miami-Dade County...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032775/noncommunicable-diseases-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-systematic-review-2011-2016
#6
Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Dyshelly Nurkartika Pascapurnama, Shinichi Egawa
OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including mental disorders, have become major threats to human health worldwide. People with NCDs are particularly vulnerable to disasters. We systematically reviewed reports describing studies of NCDs at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) to clarify the circumstances of people with NCDs and to build strong measures to support them. METHODS: Relevant articles published from March 2011 through December 2016 were collected by searching the PubMed database (National Library of Medicine)...
October 16, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017025/global-nursing-in-an-ebola-viral-haemorrhagic-fever-outbreak-before-during-and-after-deployment
#7
Eva von Strauss, Stéphanie Paillard-Borg, Jessica Holmgren, Panu Saaristo
BACKGROUND: Nurses are on the forefront and play a key role in global disaster responses. Nevertheless, they are often not prepared for the challenges they are facing and research is scarce regarding the nursing skills required for first responders during a disaster situation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how returnee nursing staff experienced deployment before, during and after having worked for the Red Cross at an Ebola Treatment Center in Kenema, West Africa, and to supply knowledge on how to better prepare and support staff for viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992035/does-the-type-of-residential-housing-matter-for-depressive-symptoms-in-the-aftermath-of-a-disaster-insights-from-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#8
Yuri Sasaki, Jun Aida, Taishi Tsuji, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Yukako Tani, Shihoko Koyama, Yusuke Matsuyama, Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Yuiko Nagamine, Yoshihito Kameda, Tami Saito, Kazuhiro Kakimoto, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi
The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami resulted in widespread property destruction and over 250,000 displaced residents. We sought to examine whether the type of housing arrangement available to the affected victims was associated with a differential incidence of depressive symptoms. In this prospective cohort study comprising participants (65 years or older) from Iwanuma as a part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, we had information about the residents' mental health both pre-dating the disaster in 2010 as well as 2...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#9
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964957/dsm-5-based-latent-ptsd-models-assessing-structural-relations-with-gad-in-filipino-post-relocatees
#10
Imelu G Mordeno, Brian J Hall
An increasing number of studies investigated the latent factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology following the new fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). To date, there is no consensus on the best representation of PTSD. This study examined six latent PTSD models in a sample of Filipino post-disaster relocatees (N = 523). Further investigation on the relationship of the best-fitting model to generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in the latent level was conducted...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961651/embedding-a-social-work-led-behavioral-health-program-in-a-primary-care-system-a-2012-2018-case-study
#11
Tim Rehner, Michelle Brazeal, Stephanie T Doty
INTRODUCTION: The focus of this case study was the implementation of a fully integrated system of care that brought mental health into a federally qualified health center's primary care activities. OBJECTIVE: The Mississippi Integrated Health and Disaster Program aimed to increase the federally qualified health center's capacity for providing mental health services and in so doing increase patients' access to mental and behavioral health services in primary care...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956168/continuity-of-midwifery-carer-moderates-the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-postnatal-maternal-wellbeing-the-queensland-flood-study
#12
Sue Kildea, Gabrielle Simcock, Aihua Liu, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Adele Kahler, Marie-Paule Austin, Sally Tracy, Sue Kruske, Mark Tracy, Michael W O'Hara, Suzanne King
Poor postnatal mental health is a major public health issue, and risk factors include experiencing adverse life events during pregnancy. We assessed whether midwifery group practice, compared to standard hospital care, would protect women from the negative impact of a sudden-onset flood on postnatal depression and anxiety. Women either received midwifery group practice care in pregnancy, in which they were allocated a primary midwife who provided continuity of care, or they received standard hospital care provided by various on-call and rostered medical staff...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953817/working-in-psychiatry-in-new-zealand-experiences-of-international-non-new-zealand-medical-graduates
#13
Ahmed Hankir, Mohammad Shuaib, Sohail Akthtar, Aala Ali, Rashid Zaman
On the 11(th) of February 2016, the Health Secretary in the United Kingdom (UK) Jeremy Hunt announced his plan to impose the Junior Doctor Contract despite thousands of healthcare professionals storming the streets of Westminster in defiant protest. A leading member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists Psychiatric Trainee Committee described the Junior Doctor Contract as 'poisonous', exclaiming that it would be a 'disaster for mental health' and that it would 'disincentivize doctors to work in an already desperately under-resourced specialty'...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950925/psychiatric-epidemiology-and-disaster-exposure-in-australia
#14
L Reifels, K Mills, M L A Dückers, M L O'Donnell
AIMS: To examine the lifetime prevalence and risk of psychiatric disorders associated with natural and man-made disaster exposure in Australia. METHODS: We utilised data from a nationally representative population survey (N = 8841) which were analysed through univariate and multivariate logistic regression in order to examine the full spectrum of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) affective, anxiety and substance use disorders associated with exposure to natural and man-made disaster...
September 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950110/predicting-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-a-natural-disaster
#15
Anthony J Rosellini, Francisca Dussaillant, José R Zubizarreta, Ronald C Kessler, Sherri Rose
Earthquakes are a common and deadly natural disaster, with roughly one-quarter of survivors subsequently developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite progress identifying risk factors, limited research has examined how to combine variables into an optimized post-earthquake PTSD prediction tool that could be used to triage survivors to mental health services. The current study developed a post-earthquake PTSD risk score using machine learning methods designed to optimize prediction. The data were from a two-wave survey of Chileans exposed to the 8...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949304/resilience-psychiatry-and-religion-from-public-and-global-mental-health-perspective-dialogue-and-cooperation-in-the-search-for-humanistic-self-compassionate-society-and-empathic-civilization
#16
Miro Jakovljevic
Psychiatry has increasingly devoted its attention to the role of religion and spirituality in mental health and illness. All religions offer explanations for meaning and purpose of life, involving rationales for the reality of human suffering and traumas related to natural disasters, war, civil violence, torture, etc. In many countries different religious organizations have funded and operated mental health services as well as supported better understanding, empathy and compassion among cultures. A rapprochement between psychiatry and religion has been predicated on their overlapping goals to promote individual and community resilience, growth, and well-being...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941097/mental-health-interventions-for-people-involved-in-disasters-what-not-to-do
#17
EDITORIAL
Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925342/a-study-of-selected-ethnic-affiliations-in-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-psychopathology-after-a-terrorist-bombing-in-nairobi-kenya
#18
Carol S North, Tatiana Dvorkina, Samuel Thielman, Betty Pfefferbaum, Pushpa Narayanan, David E Pollio
OBJECTIVES: Despite the frequency of disasters in Africa, almost nothing is known about ethnic affiliations in relation to psychopathology after such incidents. This study examined the mental health outcomes of members of 7 major ethnic groups exposed to the 1998 terrorist bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Approximately 8 to 10 months after the disaster, 229 civilian employees, 99 locally engaged staff workers of the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development, and 64 workers of the Kenyan Red Cross Society (total N=392) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition)...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919115/global-regional-and-national-under-5-mortality-adult-mortality-age-specific-mortality-and-life-expectancy-1970-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can identify exemplars for best practice. To accomplish this, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) estimated age-specific and sex-specific all-cause mortality between 1970 and 2016 for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for the five countries with a population greater than 200 million in 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914809/perception-of-radiation-risk-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-mental-health-after-a-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#20
Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Misari Oe, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki, Hideto Takahashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
Predictive factors including risk perception for mid-term mental health after a nuclear disaster remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between perceived radiation risk and other factors at baseline and mid-term mental health after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of 2011 in Japan. A mail-based questionnaire survey was conducted in January 2012 and January 2013. Mental health status was assessed using the K6 scale. Psychological distress over the 2-year period was categorized into the following four groups: chronic, recovered, resistant, or worsened...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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