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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344969/media-experiences-and-associations-with-mental-health-among-the-bereaved-of-the-mh17-disaster-a-latent-profile-analysis
#1
Peter G van der Velden, Erik van der Meulen, Lonneke I M Lenferink, Joris C Yzermans
Research has shown that the amount of media exposure is associated with post-event mental health problems. Whether bereaved individuals have negative experiences with media reports and whether they are associated with post-event mental health is unclear. This study evaluated these experiences and associations following the MH17-disaster. How media reports were experienced (nine topics, modified MAS), depression symptoms (QIDS-SR), functional problems (WSAS) and event-related coping-self-efficacy (CSE) were assessed about one year post-disaster (May-August 2015) among Dutch bereaved (N = 152)...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334877/utilization-of-mental-health-services-by-children-displaced-by-hurricane-katrina
#2
Troy Quast, Sean Gregory, Eric A Storch
OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in utilization of mental health services after Hurricane Katrina among children with preexisting conditions who were displaced from their homes in Louisiana disaster counties and resettled in Texas. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on Medicaid claims data for 101,950 children from 2004 to 2006. Pre-post changes in utilization of mental health services by the displaced children and three control groups were compared...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334643/longitudinal-determinants-of-depression-among-world-trade-center-health-registry-enrollees-14-15-years-after-the-9-11-attacks
#3
Melanie H Jacobson, Christina Norman, Angela Nguyen, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks has been found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid PTSD and depression up to 10-11 years post-disaster. However, little is known about the longitudinal predictors of mental health conditions over time. METHODS: We examined longitudinal determinants of depression within strata of PTSD among 21,258 enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry who completed four questionnaires over 14 years of follow-up (Wave 1 in 2003-04; Wave 2 in 2005-06; Wave 3 in 2011-12; and Wave 4 in 2015-16)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313459/mental-health-effects-following-the-eruption-in-eyjafjallaj%C3%A3-kull-volcano-in-iceland-a-population-based-study
#4
Ólöf Sunna Gissurardóttir, Heidrun Hlodversdóttir, Edda Bjork Thordardóttir, Gudrún Pétursdóttir, Arna Hauksdóttir
AIM: Volcanic eruptions and other natural disasters may affect survivor's physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to examine the mental health effects of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption in Iceland on nearby residents, by exposure level and experience. METHODS: This population-based study included 1615 residents living in an area close to the Eyjafjallajökull volcano at the time of the eruption and a sample of 697 residents from a non-exposed area...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311436/legionnaires-disease-as-an-occupational-risk-related-to-decontamination-work-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster-a-case-report
#5
Toyoaki Sawano, Masaharu Tsubokura, Akihiko Ozaki, Claire Leppold, Shigeaki Kato, Toshiyuki Kambe
OBJECTIVES: Legionnaires' disease (LD), which is atypical pneumonia with a broad variety of clinical symptoms, can lead to death despite its low incidence. There are multiple risk factors for LD, yet little information is available concerning what kind of environmental factors are linked to higher risk of LD development. We have experienced a fatal case of LD, which occurred in a decontamination worker after the Fukushima nuclear disaster. CASE: A 53-year-old Japanese male visited our hospital with symptoms of fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and altered mental status, but not with respiratory manifestations...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302150/the-forgotten-plague-psychiatric-manifestations-of-ebola-zika-and-emerging-infectious-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Veronica Tucci, Nidal Moukaddam, Jonathan Meadows, Suhal Shah, Sagar C Galwankar, G Bobby Kapur
The media and public health generally focus on the biological and physical ramifications of epidemics. Mental health issues that coincide with emerging diseases and epidemics are rarely examined and sometimes, even eschewed due to cultural considerations. Psychiatric manifestations of various infectious diseases, especially with a focus on Ebola Virus disease (EVD) and Zika Virus, are discussed in this commentary to illustrate the continued need of care after the resolution of the actual illness. Various infectious diseases have associations with mental illness, such as an increased risk of obsessive-compulsive disorders and Tourette syndrome in children with Group B streptococcal infection...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301235/factors-associated-with-maintaining-the-mental-health-of-employees-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster-findings-from-companies-located-in-the-evacuation-area
#7
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Aya Goto, Seiji Yasumura
After the nuclear disaster in Fukushima on 11 March 2011, some businesses were permitted to continue operating even though they were located in the evacuation area designated by the Japanese government. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the mental health status, workplace, living environment, and lifestyle of employees in the evacuation and non-evacuation areas. We also investigated factors related to their mental health status. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from the questionnaire responses of 647 employees at three medium-sized manufacturing companies in the evacuation and non-evacuation areas...
December 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285896/increase-in-the-number-of-admissions-to-psychiatric-hospitals-immediately-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#8
Atsushi Sakuma, Ikki Ueda, Shigehito Rengi, Toshiyasu Shingai, Hiroo Matsuoka, Kazunori Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Major natural disasters have a significant impact on the mental health of survivors in affected communities. Although it has been speculated that the number of survivors requiring admission to psychiatric hospital increases immediately after a major disaster, few studies have examined the issue. METHODS: On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami devastated the relatively isolated city of Kesennuma. We therefore compared the weekly number of patients admitted to 2 psychiatric hospitals in Kesennuma in the 4 weeks immediately after the earthquake with those in the 4 weeks immediately preceding the earthquake...
December 28, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283953/content-accessibility-and-dissemination-of-disaster-information-via-social-media-during-the-2016-louisiana-floods
#9
Katherine K Scott, Nicole A Errett
CONTEXT: Social media is becoming increasingly integrated into disaster response communication strategies of public health and emergency response agencies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the content, accessibility, and dissemination of social media communications made by government agencies during a disaster response. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of social media posts made by federal, state, and local government, public health and emergency management agencies before, during, and after the 2016 Louisiana floods was conducted to determine their content, accessibility, and dissemination by level of government and time relative to disaster onset...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280904/rapid-patient-discharge-contribution-to-bed-surge-capacity-during-a-mass-casualty-incident-findings-from-an-exercise-with-new-york-city-hospitals
#10
Jasmine L Jacobs-Wingo, Heather A Cook, William H Lang
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incidents may increase patient volume suddenly and dramatically, requiring hospitals to expeditiously manage bed inventories to release acute care beds for disaster victims. Electronic patient tracking systems combined with unit walk-throughs can identify patients for rapid discharge. The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's 2013 Rapid Patient Discharge Assessment (RPDA) aimed to determine the maximum number of beds NYC hospitals could make available through rapid patient discharge and to characterize discharge barriers...
January 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277063/effect-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-women-who-are-pregnant
#11
Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran, Sushil Baral, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal mental health problems are of concern globally not only because of the burden and limits to participation experienced by women but also because of risks for foetal neurocognitive development and adverse birth outcomes. The aim was to describe the indicative prevalence of and risk and protective factors for clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) among women who experienced the 2015 Nepal earthquakes during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study in Bhaktapur, one of 14 districts highly affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquakes...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249908/parent-physical-and-mental-health-comorbidity-and-adolescent-behavior
#12
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Robert M Brackbill
The objectives of this study were to ascertain behavioral outcomes 10-11 years after 9/11 in adolescents ages 11-18 years (0-8 years old at the time of 9/11) enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry (Registry), and relate these outcomes to their 9/11-exposures and to parent health. Behavioral difficulties among adolescents were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was assessed using a 9/11-specific PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, a cut-off score of 44 or greater was considered probable PTSD...
2017: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240794/radiocesium-contamination-and-estimated-internal-exposure-doses-in-edible-wild-plants-in-kawauchi-village-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster
#13
Rimi Tsuchiya, Yasuyuki Taira, Makiko Orita, Yoshiko Fukushima, Yuukou Endo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
Kawauchi Village, in Fukushima Prefecture, is located within a 30-km radius of the nuclear disaster site of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). "Sansai" (edible wild plants) in this village have been evaluated by gamma spectrometry after the residents had returned to their homes, to determine the residents' risk of internal exposure to artificial radionuclides due to consumption of these plants. The concentrations of radiocesium (cesium-134 and cesium-137) were measured in all 364 samples collected in spring 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238401/health-needs-of-older-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Emma Massey, James Smith, Bayard Roberts
Background: The combination of global demographic changes and a growing number of humanitarian crises in middle-income countries that have a higher life expectancy has led to an increase in the number of older populations affected by humanitarian crises. The aim of this review was to systematically examine evidence on the health needs of older populations in humanitarian crises, including both armed conflicts and natural disasters, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: A systematic review methodology was used...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237989/the-characteristics-of-non-respondents-and-respondents-of-a-mental-health-survey-among-evacuees-in-a-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#15
Naoko Horikoshi, Hajime Iwasa, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda
The Fukushima Medical University conducted a mental health care program for evacuees after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. However, the mental health status of non-respondents has not been considered for surveys using questionnaires. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of non-respondents and respondents. The target population of the survey (FY2011-2013) is people living in the nationally designated evacuation zone of Fukushima prefecture. Among these, the participants were 967 people (20 years or older)...
December 12, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230312/internet-and-mobile-technologies-addressing-the-mental-health-of-trauma-survivors-in-less-resourced-communities
#16
REVIEW
J I Ruzek, C M Yeager
Internet and mobile technologies offer potentially critical ways of delivering mental health support in low-resource settings. Much evidence indicates an enormous negative impact of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and many of these problems are caused, or worsened, by exposure to wars, conflicts, natural and human-caused disasters, and other traumatic events. Though specific mental health treatments have been found to be efficacious and cost-effective for low-resource settings, most individuals living in these areas do not have access to them...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230254/a-cross-lingual-mobile-medical-communication-system-prototype-for-foreigners-and-subjects-with-speech-hearing-and-mental-disabilities-based-on-pictograms
#17
Krzysztof Wołk, Agnieszka Wołk, Wojciech Glinkowski
People with speech, hearing, or mental impairment require special communication assistance, especially for medical purposes. Automatic solutions for speech recognition and voice synthesis from text are poor fits for communication in the medical domain because they are dependent on error-prone statistical models. Systems dependent on manual text input are insufficient. Recently introduced systems for automatic sign language recognition are dependent on statistical models as well as on image and gesture quality...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199841/cumulative-effects-of-the-gulf-oil-spill-and-other-disasters-on-mental-health-among-reproductive-aged-women-the-gulf-resilience-on-women-s-health-study
#19
Emily W Harville, Arti Shankar, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Maureen Lichtveld
OBJECTIVE: To test whether effects of multiple (up to 5) disasters on mental health responses were cumulative (additive effects), or whether an earlier disaster produced sensitization (higher) or habituation (lower) responses to a later one. METHOD: The Gulf Resilience on Women's Health study interviewed 1,366 southern Louisiana women regarding their exposure to Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Gustav, and Ike and the Gulf oil spill (measured several ways), and administered validated measures of symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198044/lifestyle-factors-and-social-ties-associated-with-the-frequency-of-laughter-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-fukushima-health-management-survey
#20
Mayumi Hirosaki, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Mayumi Harigane, Hideto Takahashi, Michio Murakami, Yuriko Suzuki, Hironori Nakano, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Masafumi Abe, Kenji Kamiya
PURPOSE: Although mental health problems such as depression after disasters have been reported, positive psychological factors after disasters have not been examined. Recently, the importance of positive affect to our health has been recognised. We therefore investigated the frequency of laughter and its related factors among residents of evacuation zones after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study on 52,320 participants aged 20 years and older who were included in the Fukushima Health Management Survey in Japan's fiscal year 2012, associations of the frequency of laughter with changes in lifestyle after the disaster, such as a changed work situation, the number of family members, and the number of address changes, and other sociodemographic, psychological, and lifestyle factors were examined using logistic regression analysis...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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