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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889430/classification-of-teeth-in-cone-beam-ct-using-deep-convolutional-neural-network
#1
Yuma Miki, Chisako Muramatsu, Tatsuro Hayashi, Xiangrong Zhou, Takeshi Hara, Akitoshi Katsumata, Hiroshi Fujita
Dental records play an important role in forensic identification. To this end, postmortem dental findings and teeth conditions are recorded in a dental chart and compared with those of antemortem records. However, most dentists are inexperienced at recording the dental chart for corpses, and it is a physically and mentally laborious task, especially in large scale disasters. Our goal is to automate the dental filing process by using dental x-ray images. In this study, we investigated the application of a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for classifying tooth types on dental cone-beam computed tomography (CT) images...
November 12, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#2
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880626/psychological-sequelae-of-the-2013-super-typhoon-haiyan-among-survivor-responders
#3
Christian S Chan, Kristen N S Tang, Brian J Hall, Simmy Y T Yip, Melba Maggay
OBJECTIVE: Super Typhoon Haiyan (known as Yolanda in the Philippines), one of the strongest tropical cyclones recorded in history, made landfall in the Philippines in November 2013. This cross-sectional study examined the psychological impact of the typhoon and its aftermath, as well as the impact of individual typhoon-related stressors among a group of survivor-responders. METHOD: A total of 192 Filipino adult survivors who were also disaster-relief responders and 45 unaffected disaster-relief responders (N = 237) completed a questionnaire that assessed their general psychological distress (GPD), symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS), and disaster experiences 1...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873298/place-attachment-and-disasters-knowns-and-unknowns
#4
Mehdi Jamali, Ali Nejat
When considering the factors important for disaster recovery, one must consider the attachment individuals have toward their living area. This article reviews and synthesizes the current literature on the determinants of place attachment in the context of postdisaster recovery. Although the majority of the reviewed articles focused on disaster recovery, there were some which had a broader scope and were included due to their importance. This research categorizes the determinants of place attachment into four categories: demographic, socioeconomic, spatial, and psychosocial...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870076/disaster-mental-health-and-positive-psychology-an-afterward-to-the-special-issue
#5
Steven M Southwick, Ritvij Satodiya, Robert H Pietrzak
The articles in this Special Issue are devoted to integrating the fields of disaster mental health and positive psychology. Their focus on resilience building, individual and community preparation, meaning making, and posttraumatic growth represents an important new development in disaster mental health. The overarching goal of this effort is to inform strategies to help both individuals-including children, adolescent, adult disaster survivors, and relief workers-and communities prepare for, respond to, recover from, and possibly even grow stronger in the face of adversity...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869452/dyadic-effects-of-attachment-on-mental-health-couples-in-a-postdisaster-context
#6
H Colin Gallagher, Dean Lusher, Lisa Gibbs, Philippa Pattison, David Forbes, Karen Block, Louise Harms, Colin MacDougall, Connie Kellett, Greg Ireton, Richard A Bryant
Research on mental health following disasters has led to the identification of many individual protective and risk factors for postdisaster mental health. However, there is little understanding of the exact influence that disasters have on the functioning of intimate relationships. Especially relevant are attachment styles, which are likely to play an important role in the provision and perception of social support between partners, and subsequent mental health outcomes. Heterosexual couples (N = 127) affected by the 2009 Victorian "Black Saturday" Bushfires in southeastern Australia were surveyed for disaster experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, and attachment style between May 2012 and January 2013, approximately 3 years after the disaster...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863575/complicated-realities-mental-health-and-moral-incongruence-in-disaster-humanitarian-response
#7
REVIEW
Suzanne M Boswell
In the course of disaster/humanitarian response, providers are exposed to chaotic environments riddled with morally complex situations. This article disseminates research findings that highlight the impact of moral incongruence on responder mental health within the disaster/humanitarian setting by focusing on the theme "Everything was gray." The information is extracted from a larger, mixed methods study examining numerous variables considered within relevant literature to be influential in the occurrence of psychological distress among disaster/humanitarian responders...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858501/experiences-in-disaster-related-mental-health-relief-work-an-exploratory-model-for-the-interprofessional-training-of-psychological-relief-workers
#8
ZhengJia Ren, HongTao Wang, Wei Zhang
The purpose of this study was to begin to generate an exploratory model of the disaster-related mental health education process associated with the training experiences of psychological relief workers active during the Sichuan earthquake in China. The data consisted of semi-structured interviews with 20 psychological relief workers from four different professions (social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, and counsellors) regarding their experiences in training and ideas for improvement. The model explains the need to use a people-centred community interprofessional education approach, which focuses on role-modelling of the trainer, caring for relief workers, paying attention to the needs of the trainee, and building systematic interprofessional education strategies...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849509/responding-to-trauma-at-sea-a-case-study-in-psychological-first-aid-unique-occupational-stressors-and-resiliency-self-care
#9
Jeffrey Millegan, Eileen M Delaney, Warren Klam
The U.S. Navy deploys Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Teams (SPRINT) to sites of military disasters to assist survivors and the command. SPRINT functions primarily as a consultant to help commands effectively respond to the mental health needs of their service members following a traumatic event. Utilizing the principles of psychological first aid, the overall goal of SPRINT is to mitigate long-term mental health dysfunction and facilitate recovery at both the individual and unit level. We present a case study of a SPRINT mission to a deployed U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#10
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825328/predictors-of-recovery-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-after-the-dongting-lake-flood-in-china-a-13-14-year-follow-up-study
#11
Wenjie Dai, Jieru Wang, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Long Chen, Hongzhuan Tan, Zhiwei Lai, Jing Deng, Aizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Floods are some of the most common and destructive natural disasters in the world, potentially leading to both physical injuries and psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD can damage functional capacity and interfere with social functioning. However, little is known about recovery from PTSD after floods. This study used 2013-2014 follow-up data on survivors of the 1998 Dongting Lake flood who were diagnosed with PTSD in 2000 to measure the prevalence rate of PTSD at follow-up and identify predictors of recovery from the PTSD diagnosis in 2000...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814450/assessing-disaster-preparedness-and-mental-health-of-community-members-in-aceh-indonesia-a-community-based-descriptive-household-survey-of-a-national-program
#12
Nizam Ismail, Nawarat Suwannapong, Nopporn Howteerakul, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Suporn Apinuntavech
INTRODUCTON: Disaster preparedness of the community is an essential disaster-mitigation strategy to protect human life and to prevent injuries and property damage. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of disaster, and the disaster preparedness of community members in Aceh, Indonesia. METHODS: A community-based descriptive household survey was conducted in 40 villages of three tsunami-affected districts in Aceh State, Indonesia. In total, 827 randomly selected community members were interviewed with structured questionnaires during the period September-October 2014...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809947/emergency-preparedness-safety-climate-and-other-factors-associated-with-mental-health-outcomes-among-world-trade-center-disaster-evacuees
#13
Martin F Sherman, Robyn R Gershon, Halley E M Riley, Qi Zhi, Lori A Magda, Mark Peyrot
OBJECTIVE: We examined psychological outcomes in a sample of participants who evacuated from the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2011. This study aimed to identify risk factors for psychological injury that might be amenable to change, thereby reducing adverse impacts associated with emergency high-rise evacuation. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted 2 years after the attacks to classify 789 evacuees into 3 self-reported psychological outcome categories: long-term psychological disorder diagnosed by a physician, short-term psychological disorder and/or memory problems, and no known psychological disorder...
November 4, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798033/predictors-of-severe-psychological-distress-trajectory-after-nuclear-disaster-evidence-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#14
Misari Oe, Masaharu Maeda, Masato Nagai, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki, Mayumi Harigane, Tetsuya Ohira, Masafumi Abe
OBJECTIVES: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in March 2011, may have a considerable long-term impact on the lives of area residents. The aims of this study were to determine the trajectories of psychological distress using 3-year consecutive data, and to find predictive factors of severe distress that may also prove useful for public health intervention. METHODS: Data were obtained on 12 371 residents who were registered in the municipalities categorised as complete evacuation areas for 3 years after the disaster and who completed an assessment in each of the 3 years...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781568/delivering-solid-treatments-on-shaky-ground-feasibility-study-of-an-online-therapy-for-child-anxiety-in-the-aftermath-of-a-natural-disaster
#15
K Stasiak, S N Merry, C Frampton, S Moor
OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility of online cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for children and adolescents with anxiety in the aftermath of a natural disaster. METHOD: 42 children and adolescents with clinical anxiety referred from primary care were invited to complete an internet CBT program (BRAVE-ONLINE). Outcome measures and assessment timelines were chosen to allow a comparison of the results with the program developers' randomised controlled trials. RESULTS: At 6-month post intervention, more than half (55%) of the 33 participants assessed, no longer met criteria for their primary anxiety disorder...
October 26, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778233/schools-and-disasters-safety-and-mental-health-assessment-and-interventions-for-children
#16
Betty S Lai, Ann-Margaret Esnard, Sarah R Lowe, Lori Peek
This article draws on experiences and lessons from global disasters and utilizes the United Nations Comprehensive School Safety Framework to highlight the necessary role of safe schools in protecting children, as well as adult staff, from the immediate threats and long-term implications of disasters. Specifically, we focus on three well-established pillars of school safety: Pillar I: Safe Learning Facilities; Pillar II: Disaster Management; and Pillar III: Risk Reduction and Resilience Education. In addition, we propose a potential fourth pillar, which underscores the function of schools in postdisaster mental health assessment and intervention for children...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771964/reinventing-the-political-role-of-health-professionals-in-conflict-prevention-reconciliation-the-sudanese-model
#17
Alaaddin M Salih, Jasim M Ahmed, Jamal F Mohamed, Musaab M Alfaki
Given the persistent recurrence of armed conflict, influential actors owe it to the affected communities to take action. The legitimacy of health professionals to mitigate the effects of conflict relates to their ability to save lives and address the physical and mental consequences of armed conflict during which thousands of lives may be lost. Medical professionals have unique and potentially far-reaching skills. These become crucial during wartime and disasters in terms of providing medical services and humanitarian aid...
October 24, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764532/disaster-mental-health-and-positive-psychology-considering-the-context-of-natural-and-technological-disasters-an-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#18
Stefan E Schulenberg
This article serves as an introduction to the Journal of Clinical Psychology's special issue on disaster mental health and positive psychology. The special issue comprises two sections. The first section presents a series of data-driven articles and research-informed reviews examining meaning and resilience in the context of natural and technological disasters. The second section presents key topics in the area of disaster mental health, with particular relevance for positive psychology and related frameworks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753542/rural-and-urban-suburban-families-use-of-a-web-based-mental-health-intervention
#19
Brian E Bunnell, Tatiana M Davidson, Daniel Dewey, Matthew Price, Kenneth J Ruggiero
: Background/Introduction: Access to mental healthcare among rural residents is a national concern because unique barriers (e.g., fewer providers, distance to services) create significant challenges for the 60 million Americans who live in these settings. There is now a large body of literature demonstrating the efficacy of a wide range of Internet-based interventions. However, little is known about the extent to which individuals in rural settings will use these approaches and find them acceptable...
October 18, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744270/mental-health-problems-among-children-and-adolescents-experiencing-two-major-earthquakes-in-remote-mountainous-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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