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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902944/psychiatric-disorders-suicidal-ideation-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-post-deployment-veterans-who-utilize-digital-social-media-for-sexual-partner-seeking
#1
Jack L Turban, Marc N Potenza, Rani A Hoff, Steve Martino, Shane W Kraus
INTRODUCTION: Digital social media platforms represent outlets through which individuals may find partners for sexual encounters. Using a sample of US post-deployment military veterans, the current study evaluated the prevalence of digital sex seeking as well as clinical correlates of psychopathology, suicidal ideation, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: Using data from a baseline telephone interview and follow-up internet-based survey, we examined the prevalence of sexual partnering via digital social media platforms in a national sample of 283 US combat veterans...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867101/regulation-of-fear-extinction-by-long-term-depression-the-roles-of-endocannabinoids-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#2
REVIEW
Maxwell R Bennett, Jonathon Arnold, Sean N Hatton, Jim Lagopoulos
The extinction of a conditioned fear response is of great interest in the search for a means of ameliorating adverse neurobiological changes resulting from stress. The discovery that endocannibinoid (EC) levels are inversely related to the extent of such stress, and that the amygdala is a primary site mediating stress, suggests that ECs in this brain region might play a major role in extinction. Supporting this are the observations that the basolateral complex of the amygdala shows an increase in ECs only during extinction and that early clinical trials indicate that cannabinoid-like agents, when taken orally by patients suffering from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reduce insomnia and nightmares...
November 17, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863313/an-examination-of-sleep-quality-in-veterans-with-a-dual-diagnosis-of-ptsd-and-severe-mental-illness
#3
Wilson J Brown, Allison K Wilkerson, Melissa E Milanak, Peter W Tuerk, Thomas W Uhde, Bernadette M Cortese, Anouk L Grubaugh
Poor sleep quality is one of the most frequently reported symptoms by veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and by veterans with severe mental illness (SMI; i.e., schizophrenia spectrum disorders, bipolar disorder, major depression with or without psychotic features). However, little is known about the compounding effects of co-occurring PTSD/SMI on sleep quality in this population. Given the high rates of comorbidity and poor functional outcomes associated with sleep dysfunction, there is a need to better understand patterns of poor sleep quality in this population...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859588/influence-of-sleep-disturbance-on-global-functioning-after-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-treatment
#4
Janeese A Brownlow, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman, Gerlinde C Harb, Richard J Ross, Edna B Foa
Chronic insomnia and recurrent nightmares are prominent features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Evidence from adult research indicates that these sleep disturbances do not respond as well to cognitive-behavioral therapies for PTSD and are associated with poorer functional outcomes. This study examined the effect of prolonged exposure therapy for adolescents versus client-centered therapy on posttraumatic sleep disturbance, and the extent to which sleep symptoms impacted global functioning among adolescents with sexual abuse-related PTSD...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835720/a-novel-therapy-for-chronic-sleep-onset-insomnia-a-retrospective-nonrandomized-controlled-study-of-auto-adjusting-dual-level-positive-airway-pressure-technology
#5
Barry Krakow, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver, Michael R Nadorff
Objective: Evidence indicates that behavioral or drug therapy may not target underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms for chronic insomnia, possibly due to previously unrecognized high rates (30%-90%) of sleep apnea in chronic insomnia patients. Although treatment studies with positive airway pressure (PAP) demonstrate decreased severity of chronic sleep maintenance insomnia in patients with co-occurring sleep apnea, sleep-onset insomnia has not shown similar results. We hypothesized advanced PAP technology would be associated with decreased sleep-onset insomnia severity in a sample of predominantly psychiatric patients with comorbid sleep apnea...
September 29, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803679/relationships-between-sleep-problems-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-among-china-s-wenchuan-earthquake-survivors-remaining-in-temporary-housing-camps
#6
Suo Jiang, Zheng Yan, Pan Jing, Changjin Li, Tiansheng Zheng, Jincai He
Earthquake survivors are a diverse population. This study focused on a special group of earthquake survivors, who had still stayed in temporary housing camps for about 2 years after China's Wenchuan Earthquake rather than those who moved back to rebuild their lives or immigrated to large cities to seek new lives. The research goals were to (1) assess their sleep problems as well as their PTSD, depression and anxiety and (2) examine the relationship between different dimensions of sleep quality and PTSD, depression, and anxiety among these survivors...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773950/sleep-disturbances-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-updated-review-and-implications-for-treatment
#7
Erin Koffel, Imran S Khawaja, Anne Germain
Sleep disturbances are common in adults with PTSD and range from insomnia and nightmares to periodic leg movements and disruptive nocturnal behaviors. Together these findings suggest profound disturbances in rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep, although there is a lack of consensus regarding a distinct profile of objective sleep disturbances associated with PTSD. Prospective, longitudinal studies have established that sleep disturbances represent a risk factor for the development and course of PTSD, suggesting that sleep is an important neurobiological mechanism in the etiology and maintenance of this disorder...
March 2016: Psychiatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768570/effectiveness-of-cannabidiol-oil-for-pediatric-anxiety-and-insomnia-as-part-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-case-report
#8
Scott Shannon, Janet Opila-Lehman
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and sleep disorders are often the result of posttraumatic stress disorder and can contribute to an impaired ability to focus and to demonstration of oppositional behaviors. CASE PRESENTATION: These symptoms were present in our patient, a ten-year-old girl who was sexually abused and had minimal parental supervision as a young child under the age of five. Pharmaceutical medications provided partial relief, but results were not long-lasting, and there were major side effects...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744763/a-review-of-trazodone-use-in-psychiatric-and-medical-conditions
#9
Hani Raoul Khouzam
Trazodone is an antidepressant that is FDA-approved for the treatment of depression. It has been used by mental health and primary care providers for the treatment of multiple psychiatric and medical conditions .This review describes trazodone mechanism of action, formulation, dosage and adverse effects and then summarizes the beneficial effects of trazodone in the treatment of various psychiatric and medical conditions such as major depression, as well non-approved FDA indications such as insomnia,anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, feeding and eating disorders, substance use disorders, behavioral disturbances associated with cognitive dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, certain pain conditions, and rehabilitation after acute ischemic stroke...
October 17, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609845/long-term-health-effects-of-the-eyjafjallaj%C3%A3-kull-volcanic-eruption-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-2010-and-2013
#10
Heidrun Hlodversdottir, Gudrun Petursdottir, Hanne Krage Carlsen, Thorarinn Gislason, Arna Hauksdottir
OBJECTIVES: To examine the long-term development of physical and mental health following exposure to a volcanic eruption. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: In spring 2010, the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted. Data were collected at 2 time points: in 2010 and 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Adult residents in areas close to the Eyjafjallajökull volcano (N=1096), divided according to exposure levels, and a non-exposed sample (n=475), with 80% participation rate in 2013...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543343/eft-emotional-freedom-techniques-and-resiliency-in-veterans-at-risk-for-ptsd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Dawson Church, Terry Sparks, Morgan Clond
Prior research indicates elevated but subclinical posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a risk factor for a later diagnosis of PTSD. This study examined the progression of symptoms in 21 subclinical veterans. Participants were randomized into a treatment as usual (TAU) wait-list group and an experimental group, which received TAU plus six sessions of clinical emotional freedom techniques (EFT). Symptoms were assessed using the PCL-M (Posttraumatic Checklist-Military) on which a score of 35 or higher indicates increased risk for PTSD...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525960/efficacy-of-the-mantram-repetition-program-for-insomnia-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#12
Danielle Beck, Lindsay Cosco Holt, Joseph Burkard, Taylor Andrews, Lin Liu, Pia Heppner, Jill E Bormann
Statistics show that more than 80% of Veterans mention posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related symptoms when seeking treatment. Sleep disturbances and nightmares are among the top 3 presenting problems. Current PTSD trauma-focused therapies generally do not improve sleep disturbances. The mantram repetition program (MRP), a mind-body-spiritual intervention, teaches a portable set of cognitive-spiritual skills for symptom management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the MRP on insomnia in Veterans with PTSD in a naturalistic, clinical setting...
August 11, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520015/epigenetic-effects-of-ptsd-remediation-in-veterans-using-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#13
Dawson Church, Garret Yount, Kenneth Rachlin, Louis Fox, Jerrod Nelms
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of measuring changes in gene expression associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment using emotional freedom techniques (EFT). DESIGN: Participants were randomized into an EFT group receiving EFT and treatment as usual (TAU) throughout a 10-week intervention period and a group receiving only TAU during the intervention period and then receiving EFT. SETTING: A community clinic and a research institute in California...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450687/prevalence-correlates-and-predictors-of-insomnia-in-the-us-army-prior-to-deployment
#14
Daniel J Taylor, Kristi E Pruiksma, Willie J Hale, Kevin Kelly, Douglas Maurer, Alan L Peterson, Jim Mintz, Brett T Litz, Douglas E Williamson
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, correlates, and predictors of insomnia in US Army personnel prior to deployment. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort design assessing insomnia and other psychosocial variables in active duty service members (n = 4,101), at Fort Hood, Texas, prior to military deployment. Insomnia was defined as an Insomnia Severity Index ≥ 15. RESULTS: The prevalence of insomnia was 19.9%. Enlisted personnel were five times more likely to report insomnia than officers (odds ratio [OR] = 5...
October 1, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448466/childhood-adversity-and-insomnia-in-adolescence
#15
Yan Wang, Miriam R Raffeld, Natalie Slopen, Lauren Hale, Erin C Dunn
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the association between exposure to childhood adversity and insomnia, with an emphasis on the role of adversity type, timing, and accumulation (i.e., the number of specific types of adversities the child reported being exposed to). METHODS: Our analytic sample comprised 9582 adolescents from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), a nationally representative population-based sample. We examined the association between 18 different types of retrospectively reported adversities (capturing interpersonal violence, accidents and injuries, social network or witnessing events, and other adverse events) and risk of self-reported past-year insomnia...
May 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243567/residual-sleep-disturbances-following-ptsd-treatment-in-active-duty-military-personnel
#16
Kristi E Pruiksma, Daniel J Taylor, Jennifer Schuster Wachen, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Brett T Litz, Elizabeth A Hembree, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances, including nightmares and insomnia, are frequently reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Insomnia is one of the most common symptoms to persist after evidence-based PTSD treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of sleep disturbances in a sample of active duty military personnel before and after receiving therapy for PTSD in a clinical trial and to explore the associations of insomnia and nightmares with PTSD diagnosis after treatment...
May 30, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138076/medical-approach-to-the-management-of-traumatized-refugees
#17
J David Kinzie
Refugees are a highly traumatized and culturally diverse group of patients who present many clinical challenges. Refugees have a high prevalence of traumas from torture, ethnic cleansing, and the effects of long civil wars. The most common diagnoses associated with the effects of such traumas are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or PTSD with comorbid depression; however, psychosis and neurocognitive disorders are also common. For those with PTSD, a suggested treatment approach is long-term supportive psychotherapy with drug treatment directed at reducing the most disruptive symptoms, such as insomnia, nightmares, and irritability or psychosis...
March 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124208/objective-and-subjective-measurement-of-sleep-disturbance-in-female-trauma-survivors-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Kimberly B Werner, Michael G Griffin, Tara E Galovski
Sleep disturbance may be the most often endorsed symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Much of this research is based on subjective reports from trauma survivors; however, objective measures of sleep-related impairment have yielded findings inconsistent with self-report data. More studies investigating subjective and objective assessments concordantly are needed to understand sleep impairment in PTSD. The current study examined PTSD-related sleep disturbance in a female interpersonal violence cohort with full PTSD diagnoses (N=51) assessing subjective (global and daily diary measures) and objective (actigraphy) sleep measures concurrently...
June 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093088/sleep-disturbances-in-veterans-with-chronic-war-induced-ptsd
#19
Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Maryam Masoudi
Post-traumatic stress disorder is related to a wide range of medical problems, with a majority of neurological, psychological, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, as well as sleep disorders. Although the majority of studies reveal the association between PTSD and sleep disturbances, there are few studies on the assessment of sleep disruption among veterans with PTSD. In this review, we attempt to study the sleep disorders including insomnia, nightmare, sleep-related breathing disorders, sleep-related movement disorders and parasomnias among veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883756/long-term-fluctuations-in-traumatic-symptoms-of-high-school-girls-who-survived-from-the-2011-japan-tsunami-series-of-questionnaire-based-cross-sectional-surveys
#20
Masahide Usami, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Kyota Watanabe, Masaki Kodaira, Hirokage Ushijima, Tetsuya Tanaka, Kazuhiko Saito
On March 11, 2011, Japan was struck by a massive earthquake and tsunami. The tsunami caused tremendous damage and traumatized children. We aimed to evaluate and compare the changes in the traumatic symptoms of high school girls 8, 20, 30, and 42 months after the 2011 tsunami. The Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children 15 items (PTSSC-15), a self-rating questionnaire on traumatic symptoms, was administered to 811 high school girls at the above-mentioned intervals. We calculated the total score, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subscale, and depression subscale of PTSSC-15...
February 16, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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