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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330769/comorbid-insomnia-and-sleep-apnea-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Ali A El-Solh, David Adamo, Thomas Kufel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of insomnia in Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on health-related outcomes before and after 12 weeks of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of Veterans with PTSD and documented apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5 with and without clinically significant insomnia as determined by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)...
January 10, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302923/different-polysomnographic-patterns-in-military-veterans-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-those-with-and-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Naghmeh Mokhber, Yalda Ravanshad, Soheila Saberi, Fariba Rezaeetalab
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder among military veterans. The goal of this study is to compare the polysomnographic patterns of OSA in military veterans who have a history of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with those of veterans who have not PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two Iranian military male veterans were classified into two groups: those with PTSD (40 cases) and those without PTSD (32 cases). Each participant was diagnosed with OSA using an overnight polysomnography, during which sleep-related parameters such as sleep efficiency (SE) and apnea-related events were detected...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276963/media-use-and-insomnia-after-terror-attacks-in-france
#3
Robin Goodwin, Sakari Lemola, Menachem Ben-Ezra
Direct exposure to traumatic events often precipitates sleep disorders. Sleep disturbance has also been observed amongst those indirectly exposed to trauma, via mass media. However, previous work has focused on traditional media use, rather than contemporary social media. We tested associations between both traditional and social media consumption and insomnia symptoms following 2015 terror attacks in Paris France, controlling for location and post-traumatic symptomology. 1878 respondents, selected to represent the national French population, completed an internet survey a month after the Bataclan attacks (response rate 72%)...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241028/a-latent-class-analysis-of-ptsd-symptoms-among-inner-city-primary-care-patients
#4
Akm Fazlur Rahman, Amita Manatunga, Ying Guo, Limin Peng, Megan Warnock, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
OBJECTIVES: Examine evidence for different subclasses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of trauma exposed, low-income, predominantly African American men and women. Assess the relationship between PTSD subclasses with major depressive disorder (MDD) and types of trauma experienced. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) using a multivariate normal mixture model on the 17-item PTSD Symptom Scale (PSS) was used to identify latent subclasses of PTSD symptoms (N = 5063)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154597/interactive-effects-of-insomnia-symptoms-and-trauma-exposure-on-ptsd-examination-of-symptom-specificity
#5
Rebecca C Cox, W Alex McIntyre, Bunmi O Olatunji
OBJECTIVE: Although symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common following exposure to a traumatic event, most people who experience trauma do not develop PTSD. Thus, the identification of risk factors that may interact with trauma exposure to confer vulnerability for the development of PTSD may highlight important targets for prevention and treatment. Recent research suggests that sleep disturbance amplifies the effect of maladaptive emotional processes on PTSD symptom severity...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#6
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130694/initial-validation-of-brief-measures-of-suicide-risk-factors-common-data-elements-used-by-the-military-suicide-research-consortium
#7
Fallon B Ringer, Kelly A Soberay, Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Carol Chu, Matt Schneider, Matthew C Podlogar, Tracy Witte, Jill Holm-Denoma, E Ashby Plant, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
The Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC) developed a 57-item questionnaire assessing suicide risk factors, referred to as the Common Data Elements (CDEs), in order to facilitate data sharing and improve collaboration across independent studies. All studies funded by MSRC are required to include the CDEs in their assessment protocol. The CDEs include shortened measures of the following: current and past suicide risk, lethality and intent of past suicide attempts, hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, anxiety sensitivity, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, traumatic brain injury, insomnia, and alcohol abuse...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#8
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059134/aripiprazole-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#9
Sara R Britnell, Anna D Jackson, Jamie N Brown, Bruce P Capehart
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the safety and efficacy of aripiprazole as monotherapy and adjunct therapy for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: A search of both MEDLINE (1956 to May 2017) and EMBASE (1957 to May 2017) was conducted using the terms "aripiprazole" and "post-traumatic stress disorder," "posttraumatic stress disorder," or "PTSD." Studies evaluating the primary endpoint of PTSD in patients taking aripiprazole as monotherapy or adjunct therapy were analyzed for relevance...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017388/pathophysiological-bases-of-comorbidity-traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Gary B Kaplan, Kimberly A Leite-Morris, Lei Wang, Kendra K Rumbika, Stephen C Heinrichs, Xiang Zeng, Liquan Wu, Danielle T Arena, Yang D Teng
The high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnoses encountered in recent years by the United States Veterans Affairs Healthcare System have increased public awareness and research investigation into these conditions. In this review, we analyze the neural mechanisms underlying the TBI/PTSD comorbidity. TBI and PTSD present with common neuropsychiatric symptoms including anxiety, irritability, insomnia, personality changes, and memory problems, and this overlap complicates diagnostic differentiation...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950755/pilot-study-comparing-telephone-to-in-person-delivery-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-trauma-related-insomnia-for-rural-veterans
#11
C Laurel Franklin, Jessica L Walton, Amanda M Raines, Jessica L Chambliss, Sheila A Corrigan, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Nancy J Petersen, Karin E Thompson
Introduction It is estimated that 70% of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have chronic insomnia. A recent meta-analysis examined cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in veterans with and without PTSD, and suggested that most studies had questionable methodology, but generally supported its effectiveness in this population. Further, while CBT-I via telehealth (i.e. using telecommunication and information technology to deliver health services) has shown effectiveness for primary insomnia, it has not been applied to PTSD-related insomnia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880713/sexual-violence-as-a-key-contributor-to-poor-mental-health-among-japanese-women-subjected-to-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Tomoko Honda, Karen Wynter, Jinko Yokota, Thach Tran, Yuri Ujiie, Madoka Niwa, Michi Nakayama, Fumie Ito, Yoshiharu Kim, Jane Fisher, Toshiko Kamo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health among Japanese women and to explore to what extent sexual IPV is an important contributor to the severity of mental health problems in comparison with physical and psychological IPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of the medical records of participants during psychiatric consultation at the Institute of Women's Health, Tokyo Women's Medical University, including 62 women who experienced IPV without sexual violence and 83 women who experienced IPV with sexual violence...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874927/six-sessions-of-emotional-freedom-techniques-remediate-one-veteran-s-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Lorna Minewiser
Background: Reports show high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Veterans who served in the Gulf Wars. Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) comprises an evidence-based practice that is highly effective at reducing symptom severity in Veterans with PTSD. The case report here is of one of the Veterans who participated in a replication study of the first Veteran Stress Research Study conducted by Church et al. Results of that study demonstrated that EFT was highly effective at treating the psychologic symptoms of PTSD...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871848/personality-characteristics-and-individual-factors-associated-with-ptsd-in-firefighters-one-month-after-extended-wildfires
#14
Constantin Psarros, Christos Theleritis, Nikolaos Kokras, Dimitris Lyrakos, Angelos Koborozos, Olga Kakabakou, Georgios Tzanoulinos, Panagiota Katsiki, Joanna Despoina Bergiannaki
BACKGROUND: Firefighters participate in activities with intense physical and psychological stress and are constantly at risk to develop various psychopathological reactions. AIMS: To investigate psychological reactions in firefighters one month after devastating wildfires in Greece, during August 2007, which lead to the devastation of large areas and the death of 43 people among whom three were firefighters. METHODS: One month after the wildfires, a joint task force of mental health clinicians was organized in order to provide psychological support and to investigate the psychological consequences of wildfires to firefighters...
September 5, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869721/the-utility-and-feasibility-of-assessing-sleep-disruption-in-a-men-s-health-clinic-using-a-mobile-health-platform-device-a-pilot-study
#15
Hai H Le, Rachel Marie E Salas, Alyssa Gamaldo, Kevin L Billups, Peter Dziedzic, Seulah Choi, Neftali Bermudez, Roland J Thorpe, Charlene E Gamaldo
INTRODUCTION: Evidence linking sleep disruption and sexual dysfunction in men is mounting; yet the characterisation of sleep patterns and complaints utilising a clinically feasible method within this patient population remain largely under-reported. AIM: A pilot study aiming to demonstrate a clinically feasible method to characterise the sleep patterns and complaints in a representative sample of patients treated in a men's health clinic. METHODS: Male patients (n = 48) completed a battery of validated sleep questionnaires using an mHealth mobile platform, MySleepScript, at the Johns Hopkins Men's Health and Vitality Center...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843074/effects-of-military-service-and-deployment-on-clinical-symptomatology-the-role-of-trauma-exposure-and-social-support
#16
Tyler M Moore, Victoria B Risbrough, Dewleen G Baker, Gerald E Larson, Daniel E Glenn, Caroline M Nievergelt, Adam Maihofer, Allison M Port, Chad T Jackson, Kosha Ruparel, Ruben C Gur
The Marine Resiliency Study-II examined changes in symptomatology across a deployment cycle to Afghanistan. U.S. Servicemembers (N = 1041) received clinical testing at two time points either bracketing a deployment (855) or not (186). Factor analyses were used to generate summary and change scores from Time 1 to Time 2. A between-subject design was used to examine changes across the deployment cycle with deployment (low-trauma, high-trauma, and non-deployed) and social support (low vs. high) as the grouping variables...
December 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838093/sex-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-cardiovascular-patients-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-report-from-the-chart-2-study
#17
Takeo Onose, Yasuhiko Sakata, Kotaro Nochioka, Masanobu Miura, Takeshi Yamauchi, Kanako Tsuji, Ruri Abe, Takuya Oikawa, Shintaro Kasahara, Masayuki Sato, Takashi Shiroto, Satoshi Miyata, Jun Takahashi, Hiroaki Shimokawa
Aims: The temporal changes and sex differences in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after natural disasters remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the prevalence, prognostic impacts, and determinant factors of PTSD after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) of 11 March 2011 in cardiovascular (CV) patients registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Analysis and Registry in the Tohoku District (CHART)-2 Study (n = 10 219), with a special reference to sex. Methods and results: By self-completion questionnaires of the Japanese-language version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R-J), the prevalence of PTSD, defined as IES-R-J score ≥25, was 14...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828641/sleep-and-dreaming-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Katherine E Miller, Janeese A Brownlow, Steve Woodward, Philip R Gehrman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep disturbances are core features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This review aims to characterize sleep disturbances, summarize the knowledge regarding the relationships between trauma exposure and sleep difficulties, and highlight empirically supported and/or utilized treatments for trauma-related nightmares and insomnia. RECENT FINDINGS: Trauma-related nightmares and insomnia, and other sleep disorders, are frequently reported among trauma survivors...
August 22, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#19
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#20
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
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