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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757000/adolescent-nocturnal-fears-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-fear-of-sleep-inventory-fosi
#1
Tyish S Hall Brown, E'leyna Garcia, Ameenat Akeeb, Angelique C Lynch-Jiles, Davene White, Michal Young
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. METHODS: De-identified clinical data were utilized from a mental health screening battery...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754117/sleep-problems-six-months-after-continuous-earthquake-activity-in-a-greek-island
#2
H Lazaratou, Th Paparrigopoulos, Chr Anomitri, N Alexandropoulou, G Galanos, Ch Papageorgiou
Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are traumatic events causing both acute and enduring stress to affected individuals. Psychosocial consequences include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reactions of anxiety and depression and sleep problems. The island of Cephalonia in Ionian Sea is characterized by its high seismic activity. More specifically, this activity has been considered to be the highest of the Balkan Peninsula and Europe in general. In January and February of 2014 a long sequence of earthquakes, which included two main shocks of 6...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745445/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-united-states-military-spouses-the-millennium-cohort-family-study
#3
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734974/differentiating-single-and-multiple-suicide-attempters-what-nightmares-can-tell-us-that-other-predictors-cannot
#4
Katrina J Speed, Christopher W Drapeau, Michael R Nadorff
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although nightmares have been associated with suicidal behavior beyond well-known risk factors, the association between nightmares and multiple suicide attempts remains largely unexplored. This study addressed this gap in the literature by examining whether nightmares differentiated between individuals who reported single versus multiple suicide attempts. The individual contributions of nightmare frequency, distress/severity, and chronicity were also investigated to determine which variable contributed the most variance...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713096/characterizing-the-effects-of-quetiapine-in-military-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Gerardo Villarreal, Mark B Hamner, Clifford Qualls, José M Cañive
Objectives: A previous randomized placebo-controlled trial in military veterans posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) found that quetiapine improved global PTSD symptoms severity, depression and anxiety as well as the re-experiencing and hypearousal clusters. However, it is not known if individual symptoms had a preferential response to this medication. The goal of this study was to analyze the individual symptom response in this group of patients. Methods: Data from a previous trial was re-analyzed...
February 5, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618098/impact-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-disorder-on-sleep-and-comorbid-symptoms-in-military-personnel-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Daniel J Taylor, Alan L Peterson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Willie J Hale, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Allison Wilkerson, Karin Nicholson, Brett T Litz, Katherine A Dondanville, John D Roache, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Jim Mintz
Study Objectives: To compare the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTi) disorder and a Control condition on reducing insomnia and comorbid symptoms in a sample of active duty military personnel. Methods: Randomized clinical trial of 151 active duty US Army personnel at Fort Hood, Texas. Results: This study replicated Original (n = 66) findings (CBTi outperformed Control) in a Follow-on sample (n = 85) on diary-assessed sleep efficiency (d = 1...
March 29, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589520/insomnia-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-danger-their-impact-on-victims-return-to-court-for-orders-of-protection
#8
Catherine M Mazzotta, Hugh F Crean, Wilfred R Pigeon, Catherine Cerulli
The linkages between intimate partner violence (IPV), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and insomnia have been the subject of inquiry. This study is the first to explore the associations between clinical-level insomnia, PTSD symptoms, danger, and victim socio-demographics, and whether IPV victims pursue permanent orders of protection (OPs). Data for this secondary analysis were collected through surveys, interviews, and reviews of court records on 112 women who resided in upstate New York. Women initiated actions to obtain OPs from the Domestic Violence Intensive Intervention Court (DVIIC), from 2007 to 2008...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580220/pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-trauma-focused-guided-self-help-programme-versus-individual-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-rapid-trial-protocol
#9
Claire Nollett, Catrin Lewis, Neil Kitchiner, Neil Roberts, Katy Addison, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Sarah Cosgrove, Katherine Cullen, Anke Ehlers, Sarah Heke, Mark Kelson, Karina Lovell, Kim Madden, Kirsten McEwan, Rachel McNamara, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Natalie Simon, Jonathan Bisson
BACKGROUND: There is good evidence that trauma-focused therapies for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder are effective. However, they are not always feasible to deliver due a shortage of trained therapists and demands on the patient. An online trauma-focused Guided Self-Help (GSH) programme which could overcome these barriers has shown promise in a pilot study. This study will be the first to evaluate GSH against standard face-to-face therapy to assess its suitability for use in the NHS. METHODS: The study is a large-scale multi-centre pragmatic randomised controlled non-inferiority trial, with assessors masked to treatment allocation...
March 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553787/qualitative-exploration-of-traumatic-brain-injury-related-beliefs-among-u-s-military-veterans
#10
Paul R King, Gregory P Beehler, Bonnie M Vest, Kerry Donnelly, Laura O Wray
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Explore cognitive, affective, and experiential factors that inform veterans' traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related beliefs. Research Method/Design: Qualitative descriptive study of 22 veterans who received care for TBI at a VA Medical Center in the Northeastern United States using directed content analysis. Measures included a semistructured interview, demographic survey, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption Items (AUDIT-C), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), PTSD Checklist (PCL), Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524908/going-direct-to-the-consumer-examining-treatment-preferences-for-veterans-with-insomnia-ptsd-and-depression
#11
Cassidy A Gutner, Eric R Pedersen, Sean P A Drummond
Inclusion of consumer preferences to disseminate evidence-based psychosocial treatment (EBPT) is crucial to effectively bridge the science-to-practice quality chasm. We examined this treatment gap for insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and comorbid symptoms in a sample of 622 young adult veterans through preference in symptom focus, treatment modality, and related gender differences among those screening positive for each problem. Data were collected from veteran drinkers recruited through targeted Facebook advertisements as part of a brief online alcohol intervention...
March 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523117/prevalence-of-and-characteristics-associated-with-insomnia-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-veterans-with-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#12
Shannon Stark Taylor, Jaime M Hughes, Cynthia J Coffman, Amy S Jeffreys, Christi S Ulmer, Eugene Z Oddone, Hayden B Bosworth, William S Yancy, Kelli D Allen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined patterns of specific sleep problems among individuals with osteoarthritis (OA). The primary objective of this study was to examine prevalence of symptoms of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among Veterans with OA. Secondary objectives were to assess proportions of individuals with insomnia and OSA symptoms who may have been undiagnosed and to examine Veterans' characteristics associated with insomnia and OSA symptoms. METHODS: Veterans (n = 300) enrolled in a clinical trial completed the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) at baseline; proportions of participants with symptoms consistent with insomnia and OSA were calculated, using standard cut-offs for ISI and BQ...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510796/nightmares-in-united-states-military-personnel-with-sleep-disturbances
#13
Jennifer L Creamer, Matthew S Brock, Panagiotis Matsangas, Vida Motamedi, Vincent Mysliwiec
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances are common in United States military personnel. Despite their exposure to combat and trauma, little is known about nightmares in this population. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and associated clinical and polysomnographic characteristics of nightmares in United States military personnel with sleep disturbances. METHODS: Retrospective review of 500 active duty United States military personnel who underwent a sleep medicine evaluation and polysomnography at our sleep center...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505189/assessing-and-treating-insomnia-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-part-2
#14
Ruth M Benca, Daniel J Buysse
Tune in to this podcast as experts discuss 2 patient cases-one involving co-occurring insomnia and depression and another comprising PTSD, substance abuse, insomnia, and nightmares. Drs Benca and Buysse explain how to effectively diagnose and manage these complex cases based on the latest diagnostic criteria and evidence from clinical trials.
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502530/successful-use-of-closed-loop-allostatic-neurotechnology-for-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-military-personnel-self-reported-and-autonomic-improvements
#15
Catherine L Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Jared F Cook, Sean L Simpson, Sung W Lee, Charles H Tegeler
BACKGROUND: Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is a noninvasive, closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology that produces real-time translation of dominant brain frequencies into audible tones of variable pitch and timing to support the auto-calibration of neural oscillations. We report clinical, autonomic, and functional effects after the use of HIRREM® for symptoms of military-related PTS...
December 22, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449026/validity-of-a-single-ptsd-checklist-item-to-screen-for-insomnia-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#16
Elizabeth C Parsons, Catherine L Hough, Michael V Vitiello, Brian Palen, Douglas Zatzick, Dimitry S Davydow
BACKGROUND: There is no insomnia screening tool validated in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. OBJECTIVES: To examine the validity of a single item from the PTSD checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C) to detect insomnia by Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a longitudinal investigation in 120 medical-surgical ICU survivors. At 1 year post-ICU, patients completed ISI, PCL-C, and Medical Short-Form 12 (SF-12) by telephone...
March 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415222/military-tailored-yoga-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun, Susan W Alden C-Iayt, Alan R Katz
Introduction: Among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts, estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 9% shortly after returning from deployment to 31% a year after deployment. Clinical and pharmaceutically based treatments are underutilized. This could be due to concerns related to lost duty days, as well as PTSD patients' fears of stigma of having a mental health condition. Yoga has been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms in the civilian population, but few studies have tested the impact of yoga on veterans of post-9/11 conflicts...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364693/examining-insomnia-and-ptsd-over-time-in-veterans-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-and-ptsd
#18
Peter J Colvonen, Jennifer Ellison, Moira Haller, Sonya B Norman
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Insomnia occurs in 66-90% of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 36-72% of individuals with substance use disorder (SUD). Individuals with both PTSD and SUD are more likely to have insomnia than individuals with only one disorder. Insomnia is associated with poorer treatment outcomes for both PTSD and SUD, increased daytime symptomology for PTSD, and increased relapse for SUDs. As such, it is important to understand how sleep affects PTSD treatment among patients dually diagnosed with SUD and how sleep changes over time in a residential unit for SUDs...
January 24, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360821/patterns-of-zolpidem-use-among-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#19
Ramona Shayegani, Kangwon Song, Megan E Amuan, Carlos A Jaramillo, Blessen C Eapen, Mary Jo Pugh
BACKGROUND: Although concern exists regarding the adverse effects and rate of zolpidem use, especially long-term use, limited information is available concerning patterns of zolpidem use. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of zolpidem exposure in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAVs). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of zolpidem prescriptions was performed with National Veterans Health Administration (VHA) data. We gathered national VA inpatient, outpatient, and pharmacy data files for IAV's who received VA care between fiscal years (FY) 2013 and 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346627/severe-and-protracted-sleep-disruptions-in-mouse-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Rishi Sharma, Pradeep Sahota, Mahesh M Thakkar
Increasing evidences suggest that the predator threat model is a valid animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, sleep has never been examined in this model. Since sleep disturbances, including insomnia and excessive daytime sleepiness, are severe and protracted symptoms of PTSD, we hypothesized that mice exposed to predator odor trauma (POT) will display contextual fear conditioning along with severe and protracted sleep disruptions. Adult male C57BL/6J mice, instrumented with wire electrodes (to record hippocampal local field potentials [LFP] and nuchal muscle [electromyogram, EMG] activity), were exposed to contextual conditioning using soiled cat litter as unconditional stimulus (US)...
March 1, 2018: Sleep
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