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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880713/sexual-violence-as-a-key-contributor-to-poor-mental-health-among-japanese-women-subjected-to-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Tomoko Honda, Karen Wynter, Jinko Yokota, Thach Tran, Yuri Ujiie, Madoka Niwa, Michi Nakayama, Fumie Ito, Yoshiharu Kim, Jane Fisher, Toshiko Kamo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health among Japanese women and to explore to what extent sexual IPV is an important contributor to the severity of mental health problems in comparison with physical and psychological IPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of the medical records of participants during psychiatric consultation at the Institute of Women's Health, Tokyo Women's Medical University, including 62 women who experienced IPV without sexual violence and 83 women who experienced IPV with sexual violence...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874927/six-sessions-of-emotional-freedom-techniques-remediate-one-veteran-s-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Lorna Minewiser
Background: Reports show high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Veterans who served in the Gulf Wars. Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) comprises an evidence-based practice that is highly effective at reducing symptom severity in Veterans with PTSD. The case report here is of one of the Veterans who participated in a replication study of the first Veteran Stress Research Study conducted by Church et al. Results of that study demonstrated that EFT was highly effective at treating the psychologic symptoms of PTSD...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871848/personality-characteristics-and-individual-factors-associated-with-ptsd-in-firefighters-one-month-after-extended-wildfires
#3
Constantin Psarros, Christos Theleritis, Nikolaos Kokras, Dimitris Lyrakos, Angelos Koborozos, Olga Kakabakou, Georgios Tzanoulinos, Panagiota Katsiki, Joanna Despoina Bergiannaki
BACKGROUND: Firefighters participate in activities with intense physical and psychological stress and are constantly at risk to develop various psychopathological reactions. AIMS: To investigate psychological reactions in firefighters one month after devastating wildfires in Greece, during August 2007, which lead to the devastation of large areas and the death of 43 people among whom three were firefighters. METHODS: One month after the wildfires, a joint task force of mental health clinicians was organized in order to provide psychological support and to investigate the psychological consequences of wildfires to firefighters...
September 5, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869721/the-utility-and-feasibility-of-assessing-sleep-disruption-in-a-men-s-health-clinic-using-a-mobile-health-platform-device-a-pilot-study
#4
Hai H Le, Rachel Marie E Salas, Alyssa Gamaldo, Kevin L Billups, Peter Dziedzic, Seulah Choi, Neftali Bermudez, Roland J Thorpe, Charlene E Gamaldo
INTRODUCTION: Evidence linking sleep disruption and sexual dysfunction in men is mounting; yet the characterisation of sleep patterns and complaints utilising a clinically feasible method within this patient population remain largely under-reported. AIM: A pilot study aiming to demonstrate a clinically feasible method to characterise the sleep patterns and complaints in a representative sample of patients treated in a men's health clinic. METHODS: Male patients (n = 48) completed a battery of validated sleep questionnaires using an mHealth mobile platform, MySleepScript, at the Johns Hopkins Men's Health and Vitality Center...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843074/effects-of-military-service-and-deployment-on-clinical-symptomatology-the-role-of-trauma-exposure-and-social-support
#5
Tyler M Moore, Victoria B Risbrough, Dewleen G Baker, Gerald E Larson, Daniel E Glenn, Caroline M Nievergelt, Adam Maihofer, Allison M Port, Chad T Jackson, Kosha Ruparel, Ruben C Gur
The Marine Resiliency Study-II examined changes in symptomatology across a deployment cycle to Afghanistan. U.S. Servicemembers (N = 1041) received clinical testing at two time points either bracketing a deployment (855) or not (186). Factor analyses were used to generate summary and change scores from Time 1 to Time 2. A between-subject design was used to examine changes across the deployment cycle with deployment (low-trauma, high-trauma, and non-deployed) and social support (low vs. high) as the grouping variables...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838093/sex-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-cardiovascular-patients-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-report-from-the-chart-2-study
#6
Takeo Onose, Yasuhiko Sakata, Kotaro Nochioka, Masanobu Miura, Takeshi Yamauchi, Kanako Tsuji, Ruri Abe, Takuya Oikawa, Shintaro Kasahara, Masayuki Sato, Takashi Shiroto, Satoshi Miyata, Jun Takahashi, Hiroaki Shimokawa
Aims: The temporal changes and sex differences in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after natural disasters remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the prevalence, prognostic impacts, and determinant factors of PTSD after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) of 11 March 2011 in cardiovascular (CV) patients registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Analysis and Registry in the Tohoku District (CHART)-2 Study (n = 10 219), with a special reference to sex. Methods and results: By self-completion questionnaires of the Japanese-language version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R-J), the prevalence of PTSD, defined as IES-R-J score ≥25, was 14...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828641/sleep-and-dreaming-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Katherine E Miller, Janeese A Brownlow, Steve Woodward, Philip R Gehrman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep disturbances are core features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This review aims to characterize sleep disturbances, summarize the knowledge regarding the relationships between trauma exposure and sleep difficulties, and highlight empirically supported and/or utilized treatments for trauma-related nightmares and insomnia. RECENT FINDINGS: Trauma-related nightmares and insomnia, and other sleep disorders, are frequently reported among trauma survivors...
August 22, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#8
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#9
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771875/predictors-of-insomnia-symptoms-and-nightmares-among-individuals-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#10
Nicole A Short, Nicholas P Allan, Lauren Stentz, Amberly K Portero, Norman B Schmidt
Despite the high levels of comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbance, little research has examined the predictors of insomnia and nightmares in this population. The current study tested both PTSD-specific (i.e. PTSD symptoms, comorbid anxiety and depression, nightmares and fear of sleep) and insomnia-specific (i.e. dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, insomnia-related safety behaviours and daily stressors) predictors of sleep quality, efficiency and nightmares in a sample of 30 individuals with PTSD...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732289/effects-of-psychotherapies-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-sleep-disturbances-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Elizabeth Woodward, Ann Hackmann, Jennifer Wild, Nick Grey, David M Clark, Anke Ehlers
The effectiveness and mechanisms of psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in treating sleep problems is of interest. This study compared the effects of a trauma-focused and a non-trauma-focused psychotherapy on sleep, to investigate whether 1) sleep improves with psychotherapy for PTSD; 2) the degree of sleep improvement depends on whether the intervention is trauma or nontrauma-focused; 3) the memory-updating procedure in cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD) is associated with sleep improvements; 4) initial sleep duration affects PTSD treatment outcome; and 5) which symptom changes are associated with sleep duration improvements...
October 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711610/night-eating-among-veterans-with-obesity
#12
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
The obesity rate is higher among veterans than the general population, yet few studies have examined their eating behaviors, and none have examined the presence of night eating and related comorbidities. This study examines night eating syndrome (NES) among veterans seeking weight management treatment, and relationships between NES and weight, insomnia, disordered eating, and psychological variables. The sample consisted of 110 veterans referred to a weight management program at VA Connecticut Healthcare System...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632358/increased-beta-power-in-the-bereaved-families-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-a-paradoxical-compensatory-phenomenon-a-two-channel-electroencephalography-study
#13
Kuk-In Jang, Miseon Shim, Sang Min Lee, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji-Young Joo, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
AIM: The Sewol ferry capsizing accident in South Korea's southern coast had resulted in the death of 304 people, and serious bereavement problems of their families. Electroencephalography (EEG) beta frequency is associated with psychiatric symptoms such as insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between frontal beta power, psychological symptoms, and insomnia in the bereaved families. METHODS: Eighty-four family members of the Sewol ferry victims (32 men and 52 women) were recruited and their EEG was compared with that of 25 (13 men and 12 women) healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628764/psychiatric-disorders-moderate-the-relationship-between-insomnia-and-cognitive-problems-in-military-soldiers
#14
Janeese A Brownlow, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Elaine M Boland, Glenna S Brewster, Philip R Gehrman
BACKGROUND: There has been a great deal of research on the comorbidity of insomnia and psychiatric disorders, but much of the existing data is based on small samples and does not assess the full diagnostic criteria for each disorder. Further, the exact nature of the relationship between these conditions and their impact on cognitive problems are under-researched in military samples. METHOD: Data were collected from the All Army Study of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members (unweighted N = 21, 449; weighted N = 674,335; 18-61 years; 13...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618286/insomnia-severity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-mental-health-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-in-young-adult-veterans
#15
Mary Beth Miller, Angelo M DiBello, Kate B Carey, Brian Borsari, Eric R Pedersen
PURPOSE: Prior research has documented associations between mental health and alcohol use, mental health and insomnia, and insomnia and alcohol use. This study examined insomnia severity as a mediator of the association between mental health and alcohol-related outcomes in young adult veterans. PROCEDURES: Veterans aged 18-34 years (N=622, 83% male) who reported drinking in the past year completed assessments at baseline and one-month follow-up as part of a larger intervention trial...
August 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616860/insomnia-as-a-precipitating-factor-in-new-onset-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-recent-findings
#16
REVIEW
Wilfred R Pigeon, Todd M Bishop, Kelsey M Krueger
PURPOSE: We aimed to systematically review recent publications (01/2014-03/2017) with longitudinal designs allowing for the assessment of the prospective risk of insomnia on new onset mental illness in key conditions: anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: A literature yielded 1859 unique articles meeting search criteria were identified; 16 articles met all selection criteria and reviewed with some studies reporting on more than one mental health outcome...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#17
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609150/caffeine-use-in-military-personnel-with-ptsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-sleep
#18
Carmen P McLean, Laurie Zandberg, John D Roache, Hayley Fitzgerald, Kristi E Pruiksma, Daniel J Taylor, Katherine A Dondanville, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Caffeine use is highly prevalent among active duty military personnel and can be beneficial to performance in the short term. However, regular caffeine use has been found to contribute to sleep disturbances, which are elevated among the significant number of military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is the first to examine caffeine use and its relationship with sleep disturbances in military personnel seeking treatment for PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: Active duty military personnel (N = 366) who had returned from deployments to Afghanistan or Iraq and were seeking treatment for PTSD...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583100/insomnia-psychiatric-disorders-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-national-representative-sample-of-active-canadian-forces-members
#19
J D Richardson, A Thompson, L King, B Corbett, P Shnaider, K St Cyr, C Nelson, J Sareen, J Elhai, M Zamorski
BACKGROUND: Past research on the association between insomnia and suicidal ideation (SI) has produced mixed findings. The current study explored the relationship between insomnia, SI, and past-year mental health status among a large Canadian Forces (CF) sample. METHOD: Data was obtained from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (CFMHS), and included a large representative sample of Canadian Regular Forces personnel (N = 6700). A series of univariate logistic regressions were conducted to test individual associations between past-year mental health status, insomnia, and potential confounds and SI...
June 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463021/identifying-the-demographic-and-mental-health-factors-that-influence-insomnia-treatment-recommendations-within-a-veteran-population
#20
Adam D Bramoweth, Jenna G Renqvist, Barbara H Hanusa, Jon D Walker, Anne Germain, Charles W Atwood
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a pervasive and costly disorder that is particularly prevalent within the U.S. Veteran population. Although Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended first-line treatment for insomnia, high rates of sedative-hypnotic prescribing continue. There is little research investigating the rates and factors impacting insomnia treatment recommendations, both behavioral and pharmacological. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 5,254 Veterans referred for either CBT-I or prescribed a sedative-hypnotic medication at a single VA Medical Center composed the group of participants...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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