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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#1
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#2
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771875/predictors-of-insomnia-symptoms-and-nightmares-among-individuals-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#3
Nicole A Short, Nicholas P Allan, Lauren Stentz, Amberly K Portero, Norman B Schmidt
Despite the high levels of comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbance, little research has examined the predictors of insomnia and nightmares in this population. The current study tested both PTSD-specific (i.e. PTSD symptoms, comorbid anxiety and depression, nightmares and fear of sleep) and insomnia-specific (i.e. dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, insomnia-related safety behaviours and daily stressors) predictors of sleep quality, efficiency and nightmares in a sample of 30 individuals with PTSD...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732289/effects-of-psychotherapies-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-sleep-disturbances-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Elizabeth Woodward, Ann Hackmann, Jennifer Wild, Nick Grey, David M Clark, Anke Ehlers
The effectiveness and mechanisms of psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in treating sleep problems is of interest. This study compared the effects of a trauma-focused and a non-trauma-focused psychotherapy on sleep, to investigate whether 1) sleep improves with psychotherapy for PTSD; 2) the degree of sleep improvement depends on whether the intervention is trauma or nontrauma-focused; 3) the memory-updating procedure in cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD) is associated with sleep improvements; 4) initial sleep duration affects PTSD treatment outcome; and 5) which symptom changes are associated with sleep duration improvements...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711610/night-eating-among-veterans-with-obesity
#5
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
The obesity rate is higher among veterans than the general population, yet few studies have examined their eating behaviors, and none have examined the presence of night eating and related comorbidities. This study examines night eating syndrome (NES) among veterans seeking weight management treatment, and relationships between NES and weight, insomnia, disordered eating, and psychological variables. The sample consisted of 110 veterans referred to a weight management program at VA Connecticut Healthcare System...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632358/increased-beta-power-in-the-bereaved-families-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-a-paradoxical-compensatory-phenomenon-a-two-channel-electroencephalography-study
#6
Kuk-In Jang, Miseon Shim, Sang Min Lee, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji-Young Joo, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
AIM: The Sewol ferry capsizing accident in South Korea's southern coast had resulted in the death of 304 people, and serious bereavement problems of their families. Electroencephalography (EEG) beta frequency is associated with psychiatric symptoms such as insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between frontal beta power, psychological symptoms, and insomnia in the bereaved families. METHODS: Eighty-four family members of the Sewol ferry victims (32 men and 52 women) were recruited and their EEG was compared with that of 25 (13 men and 12 women) healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628764/psychiatric-disorders-moderate-the-relationship-between-insomnia-and-cognitive-problems-in-military-soldiers
#7
Janeese A Brownlow, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Elaine M Boland, Glenna S Brewster, Philip R Gehrman
BACKGROUND: There has been a great deal of research on the comorbidity of insomnia and psychiatric disorders, but much of the existing data is based on small samples and does not assess the full diagnostic criteria for each disorder. Further, the exact nature of the relationship between these conditions and their impact on cognitive problems are under-researched in military samples. METHOD: Data were collected from the All Army Study of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members (unweighted N = 21, 449; weighted N = 674,335; 18-61 years; 13...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618286/insomnia-severity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-mental-health-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-in-young-adult-veterans
#8
Mary Beth Miller, Angelo M DiBello, Kate B Carey, Brian Borsari, Eric R Pedersen
PURPOSE: Prior research has documented associations between mental health and alcohol use, mental health and insomnia, and insomnia and alcohol use. This study examined insomnia severity as a mediator of the association between mental health and alcohol-related outcomes in young adult veterans. PROCEDURES: Veterans aged 18-34 years (N=622, 83% male) who reported drinking in the past year completed assessments at baseline and one-month follow-up as part of a larger intervention trial...
August 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616860/insomnia-as-a-precipitating-factor-in-new-onset-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-recent-findings
#9
REVIEW
Wilfred R Pigeon, Todd M Bishop, Kelsey M Krueger
PURPOSE: We aimed to systematically review recent publications (01/2014-03/2017) with longitudinal designs allowing for the assessment of the prospective risk of insomnia on new onset mental illness in key conditions: anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: A literature yielded 1859 unique articles meeting search criteria were identified; 16 articles met all selection criteria and reviewed with some studies reporting on more than one mental health outcome...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#10
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609150/caffeine-use-in-military-personnel-with-ptsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-sleep
#11
Carmen P McLean, Laurie Zandberg, John D Roache, Hayley Fitzgerald, Kristi E Pruiksma, Daniel J Taylor, Katherine A Dondanville, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Caffeine use is highly prevalent among active duty military personnel and can be beneficial to performance in the short term. However, regular caffeine use has been found to contribute to sleep disturbances, which are elevated among the significant number of military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is the first to examine caffeine use and its relationship with sleep disturbances in military personnel seeking treatment for PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: Active duty military personnel (N = 366) who had returned from deployments to Afghanistan or Iraq and were seeking treatment for PTSD...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583100/insomnia-psychiatric-disorders-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-national-representative-sample-of-active-canadian-forces-members
#12
J D Richardson, A Thompson, L King, B Corbett, P Shnaider, K St Cyr, C Nelson, J Sareen, J Elhai, M Zamorski
BACKGROUND: Past research on the association between insomnia and suicidal ideation (SI) has produced mixed findings. The current study explored the relationship between insomnia, SI, and past-year mental health status among a large Canadian Forces (CF) sample. METHOD: Data was obtained from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (CFMHS), and included a large representative sample of Canadian Regular Forces personnel (N = 6700). A series of univariate logistic regressions were conducted to test individual associations between past-year mental health status, insomnia, and potential confounds and SI...
June 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463021/identifying-the-demographic-and-mental-health-factors-that-influence-insomnia-treatment-recommendations-within-a-veteran-population
#13
Adam D Bramoweth, Jenna G Renqvist, Barbara H Hanusa, Jon D Walker, Anne Germain, Charles W Atwood
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a pervasive and costly disorder that is particularly prevalent within the U.S. Veteran population. Although Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended first-line treatment for insomnia, high rates of sedative-hypnotic prescribing continue. There is little research investigating the rates and factors impacting insomnia treatment recommendations, both behavioral and pharmacological. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 5,254 Veterans referred for either CBT-I or prescribed a sedative-hypnotic medication at a single VA Medical Center composed the group of participants...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363448/trauma-associated-sleep-disorder-a-parasomnia-induced-by-trauma
#14
REVIEW
Vincent Mysliwiec, Matthew S Brock, Jennifer L Creamer, Brian M O'Reilly, Anne Germain, Bernard J Roth
Nightmares and disruptive nocturnal behaviors that develop after traumatic experiences have long been recognized as having different clinical characteristics that overlap with other established parasomnia diagnoses. The inciting experience is typically in the setting of extreme traumatic stress coupled with periods of sleep disruption and/or deprivation. The limited number of laboratory documented cases and symptomatic overlap with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have contributed to difficulties in identifying what is a unique parasomnia...
January 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349316/cannabis-cannabinoids-and-sleep-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Kimberly A Babson, James Sottile, Danielle Morabito
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review aims to summarize the state of research on cannabis and sleep up to 2014 and to review in detail the literature on cannabis and specific sleep disorders from 2014 to the time of publication. RECENT FINDINGS: Preliminary research into cannabis and insomnia suggests that cannabidiol (CBD) may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of insomnia. Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) may decrease sleep latency but could impair sleep quality long-term...
April 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#16
REVIEW
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323566/racial-differences-in-the-associations-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-insomnia-with-body-mass-index-among-trauma-exposed-veterans
#17
Aaron A Lee, Jeanne M Gabriele
Posttraumatic stress is associated with increased body mass index (BMI) and rates of obesity. Black adults are at greater risk for obesity, trauma exposure, development of posttraumatic stress disorder, and comorbid sleep problems compared to White adults. Accordingly, Black adults with a history of trauma exposure may be at greater risk for elevated BMI associated with posttraumatic stress and insomnia. Multiple linear regression was used to examine race as a moderator of the relationship between posttraumatic symptoms and insomnia with BMI in a sample of Black and White trauma-exposed Veterans (N = 171), controlling for age and sex...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218249/complexity-variability-assessment-of-nonlinear-time-varying-cardiovascular-control
#18
Gaetano Valenza, Luca Citi, Ronald G Garcia, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Nicola Toschi, Riccardo Barbieri
The application of complex systems theory to physiology and medicine has provided meaningful information about the nonlinear aspects underlying the dynamics of a wide range of biological processes and their disease-related aberrations. However, no studies have investigated whether meaningful information can be extracted by quantifying second-order moments of time-varying cardiovascular complexity. To this extent, we introduce a novel mathematical framework termed complexity variability, in which the variance of instantaneous Lyapunov spectra estimated over time serves as a reference quantifier...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164355/analysis-of-the-appropriateness-of-off-label-antipsychotic-use-for-mental-health-indications-in-a-veteran-population
#19
Jacob T Painter, Richard Owen, Kathy L Henderson, Mark S Bauer, Dinesh Mittal, Teresa J Hudson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A substantial proportion of antipsychotic (AP) use in veterans is for nonapproved indications (i.e., off-label prescribing). Not all off-label use is necessarily detrimental to patients, however, and in certain situations, off-label prescribing could be considered justifiable. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which off-label AP prescribing in a veteran population was potentially appropriate. DESIGN: Expert panel and retrospective analysis...
April 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161453/rhythms-dysregulation-a-new-perspective-for-understanding-ptsd
#20
Jacques Dayan, Géraldine Rauchs, Bérengère Guillery-Girard
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex syndrome that may occur after exposure to one or more traumatic events. It associates physiological, emotional, and cognitive changes Brain and hormonal modifications contribute to some impairments in learning, memory, and emotion regulation. Some of these biological dysfunctions may be analyzed in terms of rhythms dysregulation that would be expressed through endocrine rhythmicity, sleep organization, and temporal synchrony in brain activity. In the first part of this article, we report studies on endocrine rhythmicity revealing that some rhythms abnormalities are frequently observed, although not constantly, for both cortisol and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
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