keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

School

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107741/building-related-symptoms-are-linked-to-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-indoor-dust-and-airborne-microbial-propagules-in-schools-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
J T Salin, M Salkinoja-Salonen, P J Salin, K Nelo, T Holma, P Ohtonen, H Syrjälä
INTRODUCTION: Indoor microbial toxicity is suspected to cause some building-related symptoms, but supporting epidemiological data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the in vitro toxicity of indoor samples from school buildings was associated with work-related health symptoms (building-related symptoms, BRS). METHODS: Administrators of the Helsinki City Real Estate Department selected 15 schools for the study, and a questionnaire on symptoms connected to work was sent to the teachers in the selected schools for voluntary completion...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107681/enhancement-of-numeric-cognition-in-children-with-low-achievement-in-mathematic-after-a-non-instrumental-musical-training
#2
Fabiana Silva Ribeiro, Flávia H Santos
Studies suggest that musical training enhances spatial-temporal reasoning and leads to greater learning of mathematical concepts. The aim of this prospective study was to verify the efficacy of a Non-Instrumental Musical Training (NIMT) on the Numerical Cognition systems in children with low achievement in math. For this purpose, we examined, with a cluster analysis, whether children with low scores on Numerical Cognition would be grouped in the same cluster at pre and post-NIMT. Participants were primary school children divided into two groups according to their scores on an Arithmetic test...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107555/participation-in-sports-body-composition-and-fitness-characteristics-in-children-according-to-ethnic-background
#3
Stefania Toselli, Maria Giovanna Belcastro
Participation in sports has important implications, being associated with health and social features. The objectives of this study were to verify whether there were any differences in sport participation between immigrant and Italian children, and if there was any relation with their body composition and fitness characteristics. A survey was conducted on 1432 children attending primary school in the Emilia-Romagna (northern Italy). Anthropometric measurements, fitness characteristics and data about participation in sports were considered...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107400/when-contact-is-not-enough-affecting-first-year-medical-students-image-towards-older-persons
#4
Sasmita Kusumastuti, Esther van Fenema, Eugenie C F Polman-van Stratum, Wilco Achterberg, Jolanda Lindenberg, Rudi G J Westendorp
CONTEXT: Many medical schools have initiated care internships to familiarize their students with older persons and to instil a professional attitude. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of care internships on the image that first-year medical students have of older persons and to explore the underlying concepts that may play a role in shaping this image. DESIGN: Survey before and after a two-week compulsory care internship using the Aging Semantic Differential (ASD; 32 adjectives) and the Attitudes toward Old People (AOP; 34 positions) questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107330/tell-me-about-you-experiences-teach-a-nurse-the-importance-of-listening%C3%A2
#6
Julie Beck
Unexpected cardiac issues at an early age inspired me to return to school to pursue a career in nursing. While in school, a close relationship with a family member facing a terminal cancer diagnosis gave me insight into the importance of listening as a tool for keeping patients safe and delivering the most appropriate care. These insights have shaped my career as I moved from student to RN to oncology nurse practitioner.
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107154/taking-up-the-mantle-of-human-trafficking-education-who-should-be-responsible
#7
Carrie A Bohnert, Aaron W Calhoun, Olivia F Mittel
Human trafficking is a global human rights issue with long-range health consequences about which physicians are largely uneducated. Medical schools are uniquely positioned to address this gap. All future physicians, regardless of specialty, must learn to identify victims and refer them to trauma-informed treatment. Research and advocacy are needed to address the lack of rigorously evaluated curricula in this area, impact policy, and improve services for victims of this heinous form of exploitation.
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107151/saving-the-starfish-physicians-roles-in-responding-to-human-rights-abuses-in-global-health-practice
#8
Monir Moniruzzaman
This paper examines how an overseas medical student can improve the life of a kamlari, an indentured servant girl in Nepal. I argue that physicians and students should not only provide care for the health and well-being of patients but also act to ameliorate the suffering of their patients, particularly when patients' social, cultural, economic, and political vulnerabilities overshadow their immediate clinical needs. I also address the point that medical schools need to offer courses on health advocacy and activism in order to promote health equity and social justice for all...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107027/generating-attention-inhibition-and-memory-a-pilot-randomized-trial-for-preschoolers-with-executive-functioning-deficits
#9
Leanne Tamm, Jeffery N Epstein, Richard E A Loren, Stephen P Becker, Sarah B Brenner, Morgan E Bamberger, James Peugh, Jeffrey M Halperin
This goal of this study was to assess the initial feasibility and efficacy of a play-based intervention targeting executive functions (EF) and parent-child relationships in preschoolers compared with an active control group. Preschoolers with EF deficits (M age = 3.7 ± 0.47, predominantly White boys) and their parents were randomized to intervention (n = 36) or active control (n = 32) conditions. Child performance on EF tasks, parent and masked teacher ratings of EF and behavior, and masked clinician ratings of severity were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months postbaseline...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106811/prevalence-and-social-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-in-chinese-children-a-national-survey
#10
Chunfeng Yun, Zhenjie Wang, Jiamin Gao, Ping He, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
Hearing impairment may affect children's communication skills, social development, and educational achievement. Little is known about the prevalence of hearing impairment among Chinese children. Data were taken from the 2006 second China National Survey on Disability (CNSD). Hearing impairment was defined as moderate (41-60 dB HL), severe (61-80 dB HL), profound (81-90 dB HL), or complete (>91 dB HL). Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). A weighted number of 567,915 hearing impairment children were identified, yielding a prevalence of 17...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106779/water-quality-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-in-schools-and-households-in-dolakha-and-ramechhap-districts-nepal-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Akina Shrestha, Subodh Sharma, Jana Gerold, Séverine Erismann, Sanjay Sagar, Rajendra Koju, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
This study assessed drinking water quality, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions among 708 schoolchildren and 562 households in Dolakha and Ramechhap districts of Nepal. Cross-sectional surveys were carried out in March and June 2015. A Delagua water quality testing kit was employed on 634 water samples obtained from 16 purposively selected schools, 40 community water sources, and 562 households to examine water quality. A flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to test lead and arsenic content of the same samples...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106664/ethnic-differences-regarding-arterial-stiffness-of-6-8-year-old-black-and-white-boys
#12
Gontse G Mokwatsi, Aletta E Schutte, Ruan Kruger
OBJECTIVES: Vascular deterioration is suggested to occur earlier in black than white populations, thereby increasing their risk for developing hypertension. To establish whether this is the case, we compared different estimates of arterial stiffness in black and white children and investigated the links with body composition and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) as potential contributors. METHODS: We included 40 black and 41 white boys (aged 6-8 years) from similar schools and measured arterial stiffness [pulse wave velocity (PWV) in different arterial sections, systemic arterial compliance and carotid stiffness estimates], anthropometry as well as urinary pentosidine as a marker of AGEs...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106637/educating-nurses-in-the-united-states-about-pressure-injuries
#13
Elizabeth A Ayello, Karen Zulkowski, Elizabeth Capezuti, Wendy Harris Jicman, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about the current state of educating nurses about wound care and pressure injuries with recommendations for the future. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
February 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106588/technology-based-healthcare-for-nursing-education-within-the-netherlands-past-present-and-future
#14
Ybranda Koster, Cornelis T M van Houwelingen
At the present time, nearly all Dutch nursing schools are searching for suitable ways to implement technology-based healthcare in their curriculum. Some Universities chose elective education, others a mandatory solution. Several studies were executed to determine competencies needed by nurses in order to work with technology-based healthcare. In 2016 a nationwide new curriculum for nurses has been published. Providing technology-based healthcare is included under the core competencies of this new curriculum...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105964/bullying-and-victimization-the-effect-of-close-companionship
#15
Sabine A M Veldkamp, Elsje van Bergen, Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Dorret I Boomsma, Meike Bartels
Peer bullying and victimization are a widespread phenomenon among school-age children and can have detrimental effects on the development of children. To examine whether having a close companion during childhood increases or decreases risk of victimization and bullying, this study compared twins to singleton children. A large group of twins (n = 9,909) were included who were compared to their related non-twin siblings (n = 1,534) aged 7-12 from the Netherlands Twin Register, thus creating optimal matching between twins and non-twins...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105890/multitasking-during-degraded-speech-recognition-in-school-age-children
#16
Tina M Grieco-Calub, Kristina M Ward, Laurel Brehm
Multitasking requires individuals to allocate their cognitive resources across different tasks. The purpose of the current study was to assess school-age children's multitasking abilities during degraded speech recognition. Children (8 to 12 years old) completed a dual-task paradigm including a sentence recognition (primary) task containing speech that was either unprocessed or noise-band vocoded with 8, 6, or 4 spectral channels and a visual monitoring (secondary) task. Children's accuracy and reaction time on the visual monitoring task was quantified during the dual-task paradigm in each condition of the primary task and compared with single-task performance...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105710/experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-at-school-entry-a-mixed-method-approach
#17
A Siddiqua, M Janus
BACKGROUND: The transition from pre-school to kindergarten can be complex for children who need special assistance due to mental or physical disabilities (children with 'special needs'). We used a convergent mixed method approach to explore parents' experiences with service provision as their children transitioned to school. METHODS: Parents (including one grandparent) of 37 children aged 4 to 6 years completed measures assessing their perceptions of and satisfaction with services...
January 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105650/what-is-the-long-run-impact-of-learning-mathematics-during-preschool
#18
Tyler W Watts, Greg J Duncan, Douglas H Clements, Julie Sarama
The current study estimated the causal links between preschool mathematics learning and late elementary school mathematics achievement using variation in treatment assignment to an early mathematics intervention as an instrument for preschool mathematics change. Estimates indicate (n = 410) that a standard deviation of intervention-produced change at age 4 is associated with a 0.24-SD gain in achievement in late elementary school. This impact is approximately half the size of the association produced by correlational models relating later achievement to preschool math change, and is approximately 35% smaller than the effect reported by highly controlled ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models (Claessens et al...
January 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105643/peer-groups-as-a-context-for-school-misconduct-the-moderating-role-of-group-interactional-style
#19
Wendy Ellis, Lynne Zarbatany, Xinyin Chen, Megan Kinal, Lisa Boyko
Peer group interactional style was examined as a moderator of the relation between peer group school misconduct and group members' school misconduct. Participants were 705 students (Mage  = 11.59 years, SD = 1.37) in 148 peer groups. Children reported on their school misconduct in fall and spring. In the winter, group members were observed in a limited-resource task and a group conversation task, and negative and positive group interactional styles were assessed. Multilevel modeling indicated that membership in groups that were higher on school misconduct predicted greater school misconduct only when the groups were high on negative or low on positive interactional style...
January 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105612/-imperative-trend-towards-the-establishment-of-training-qualification-and-certification-system-for-colorectal-and-anal-surgeons
#20
Jianping Wang
Compared to Europe and America, the specialization of colorectal and anal surgery in China started a bit late, and so far there has been no standardized residency program and expert-access system. This review introduces different training systems of colorectal and anal surgery residency in the United States, Europe, and Japan, aiming to provide references for the establishment of residency program in China, which is imperative. Firstly, national uniform identification standards for standardization training bases of colorectal and anal surgeons are required...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
keyword
keyword
6180
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"