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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169223/comparison-of-pfge-is6110-rflp-and-24-locus-miru-vntr-for-molecular-epidemiologic-typing-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-with-known-epidemic-connections
#1
Semi Jeon, Nara Lim, Sanghee Park, Misun Park, Seonghan Kim
Two molecular epidemiologic methods, IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (IS6110-RFLP) and 24-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR), are used worldwide in studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Conversely, because of its poor resolution, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is not widely used for MTB. In this study, we improved 24-locus MIRU-VNTR and PFGE protocols and compared the effectiveness of these approaches for the molecular typing of MTB using 75 clinical isolates obtained from a cohort investigation of high-risk populations infected with MTB...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169075/maternal-intention-to-exclusively-breast-feed-among-mainland-chinese-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Xiao Yang, Wan-Yim Ip, Ling-Ling Gao
OBJECTIVE: to examine postpartum maternal recall of their intentions to exclusively breast feed among breastfeeding women and identify its predictors. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a regional teaching hospital at Guangzhou, China between April 1 and July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 571 mothers who were within four days after delivery were recruited to the study. MEASUREMENTS: data were collected by four research assistants with maternal intention to breast feed data sheet, the Network Support for Breastfeeding Scale (NSBS), and a socio-demographic data sheet...
November 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169068/effects-of-a-service-earning-experience-on-confidence-and-clinical-skills-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#3
Jennifer Saylor, Lindsey Hertsenberg, Malissa McQuillan, Ashley O'Connell, Kimberly Shoe, Christina J Calamaro
BACKGROUND: Camp programs yield positive and lasting benefits for children. Integrating a summer camp into a nurse course with a service learning design fosters learning beyond the classroom and enhances community engagement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the nursing students' experience and perceived confidence after completing a service learning nursing course. DESIGN: This is a descriptive, qualitative research study that used reflection and a perceived confidence questionnaire...
November 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169067/the-role-of-personal-resilience-and-personality-traits-of-healthcare-students-on-their-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-collaboration
#4
Michal Avrech Bar, Michal Katz Leurer, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168973/prevalence-of-obesity-among-youths-in-mississippi-united-states-1999-2015
#5
REVIEW
Rasaki Aranmolate
Background The prevalence of obesity among youths has become a public health problem. The trend in the prevalence of obesity among high school students in Mississippi has not been examined in the last 17 years. Methods The data from the Mississippi High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey from 1999 to 2015 were used to determine the prevalence of obesity. The definition of obesity was based on age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) of more than 95th percentile, according to 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168969/comparing-health-promotion-behaviors-of-male-and-female-high-school-students-in-southeast-of-iran
#6
Nasibeh Salari, Jamileh Farokhzadian, Faroukh Abazari
Background Adolescence is one of the most challenging periods of human life. Many healthy or risky behaviors may be formed during this period and continue to the end of life. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the health promotion behaviors of male and female students in high schools. Methods In this descriptive-comparative study, 609 high school students were selected using multi-stage random sampling method. Data were collected using demographic and health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLPII) questionnaires...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168967/menstrual-irregularity-and-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-female-adolescent-athletes-in-swedish-national-sports-high-schools
#7
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Fridén
Objective Female adolescent athletes seem to use oral contraceptives (OCs) in the same proportion as the general population. In athletes not using OCs, menstrual irregularity (MI) is reported to be common but there are few studies of MI in adolescent athletes. The aim of the study was to survey menarche, menstrual irregularity and use of OCs in adolescent athletes in the National Sports High Schools in Sweden. A further aim was to study the associations between current sport injury and menstrual irregularity as well as use of OCs...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168966/increased-risk-of-sadness-and-suicidality-among-victims-of-bullying-experiencing-additional-threats-to-physical-safety
#8
Tammy B Pham, Andrew Adesman
Objective To examine, in a nationally-representative sample of high school students, to what extent one or more additional threats to physical safety exacerbates the risk of sadness and suicidality among victims of school and/or cyber-bullying. Methods National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) were analyzed for grades 9-12 (n = 15,624). Victimization groups were characterized by school-bullying and cyber-bullying, with and without additional threats to physical safety: fighting at school, being threatened/injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168962/assessment-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-involved-in-a-study-abroad-program-a-prospective-study
#9
Yulia Roitblat, Ryan Cleminson, Aaron Kavin, Edan Schonberger, Michael Shterenshis
Objective The aim of the study was to measure the effects on levels of anxiety in healthy teenagers caused by a temporary change of country and school during a study abroad program. Methods In a prospective study we gathered the data from six anxiety level related tests on high school participants in a study abroad program (age 15-17, n = 364, M 172, F 192). These volunteer participants were divided into two separate groups: with self-reported elevated levels of anxiety (n = 111; YES-group) and with self-reported normal levels of anxiety (n = 253; NO-group)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168961/differences-and-similarities-in-medicine-use-perceptions-and-sharing-among-adolescents-in-two-different-educational-settings
#10
Stense Vestergaard, Pernille Ravn, Christine Erikstrup Hallgreen, Susanne Kaae
Background Evidence suggests that there are differences in medicine habits among adolescents with different sociodemographic backgrounds and that peers might also influence medicine use. More knowledge is needed regarding how these aspects together affect how different young people use medicines. Objective To explore the differences in medicine use, perceptions and sharing between adolescents at two different educational (and socio-demographic) settings and assess the influence of parents and peers. Subjects Fifty-nine students from a private high school (HS) and 34 students from a public vocational school (VS) in Denmark between the ages of 15 and 19 years old were subjects in this study...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168960/using-the-internet-to-access-health-related-information-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-new-zealand-secondary-school-students
#11
Jennifer Utter, Mathijs Lucassen, Simon Denny, Terry Fleming, Roshini Peiris-John, Terryann Clark
Objective To determine if secondary school students in New Zealand who report greater health concerns (e.g. significant depressive symptoms) are more likely to use the Internet to access health-related information. Methods A nationally representative health and wellbeing survey was undertaken in 2012 (n = 8500). Multiple regression models were used to examine the associations between students' use of the Internet to access health-related information and selected outcomes or indicators. Results Over 90% of students used the Internet on a daily basis, with 15...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168957/the-effects-of-introducing-tabata-interval-training-and-stability-exercises-to-school-children-as-a-school-based-intervention-program
#12
Annika Ekström, Anna Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Glenn Björklund, Marie Alricsson
Background Physical activities during leisure time as well as school hours have changed over the past few years, with adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary lifestyle. Objective The overall objective of this mixed-methods study was to evaluate the feasibility of introducing a 4-min Tabata interval training into a lower secondary school context. A further aim was to evaluate the possible effects on: coordination, balance, and strength. Methods The study was conducted as an intervention study with a mixed-method approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168955/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-female-adolescents-in-iran
#13
Fatemeh Sedaghat, Farah Naja, Mina Darand, Bita Beyzai, Bahram Rashidkhani
Background Given the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Iran, identification of a healthy diet is essential. Objective This study aimed to assess the association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and overweight and obesity in female adolescents. Methods Two hundred and eighty female adolescents from high schools in Tehran were recruited. General information, physical activity and food frequency questionnaires were completed. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Style Dietary Pattern Score (MSDPS)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#14
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168884/transformation-of-a-geriatric-department-in-china
#15
Birong Dong, Jirong Yue, Li Cao, Ming Yang, Ning Ge, Hao Qiukui, Lujia He, Ying Wang, Joseph H Flaherty
China has the world's largest elderly population, and the oldest-old population, with a current disability rate greater than 50%, will triple in the next 35 years. The field of geriatrics is young, because almost all geriatric departments were established after 2000, and so faces many challenges. Management of diseases and hospital care is the focus. Senior physicians were trained in other subspecialties, such as pulmonary or cardiology, and junior physicians entered geriatrics departments as masters or doctorate students after medical school...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168780/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition-in-a-non-fluoridated-rural-community-of-new-south-wales-australia
#16
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, James Rufus John
Dental caries persists as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children worldwide. This study aims to determine factors that influence dental caries in primary dentition among primary school children residing in the rural non-fluoridated community of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. A total of 495 children aged 5-10 years old from all the six primary schools in Lithgow were approached to participate in a cross-sectional survey prior to implementation of water fluoridation in 2014. Following parental consent, children were clinically examined for caries in their primary teeth, and parents were requested to complete a questionnaire on previous fluoride exposure, diet and relevant socio-demographic characteristics that influence oral health...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168610/rural-placement-experiences-in-dental-education-and-the-impact-on-professional-intentions-and-employment-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#17
G Johnson, F C Wright, K Foster, A Blinkhorn
CONTEXT/INTRODUCTION: The availability of clinical dental services in rural locations is a major concern for many countries as dental care professionals gravitate to work in metropolitan areas. This systematic review examines the literature on Rural Placement Programs within dentistry and their impact on workforce intentions and employment outcomes. The review provides a detailed analysis of the methodological characteristics of the literature, considers the quality of the evidence and compares the outcomes within an international context...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168590/clustering-patterns-of-oral-and-general-health-risk-behaviours-in-brazilian-adolescents-findings-from-a-national-survey
#18
Lidia M R Jordão, Deborah C Malta, Maria do Carmo M Freire
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how oral and general health-risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School-based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self-reported questionnaire...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168573/oral-health-status-among-children-and-adolescents-in-governmental-and-private-schools-of-the-palestinian-territories
#19
Lamis Abuhaloob, Poul Erik Petersen
BACKGROUND: Political conflicts in the Palestinian Territories (PT) have resulted in systematic deterioration of socio-economic conditions and health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasised the negative impacts of social crisis on children' oral health and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and trends in dental caries and poor gingival health of schoolchildren in the PT through the scholastic years 1998/1999 to 2012/2013. METHODS: This is a retrospective study...
November 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168569/point-of-use-fortification-of-foods-with-micronutrient-powders-containing-iron-in-children-of-preschool-and-school-age
#20
REVIEW
Luz Maria De-Regil, Maria Elena D Jefferds, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas
BACKGROUND: Approximately 600 million children of preschool and school age are anaemic worldwide. It is estimated that at least half of the cases are due to iron deficiency. Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders (MNP) has been proposed as a feasible intervention to prevent and treat anaemia. It refers to the addition of iron alone or in combination with other vitamins and minerals in powder form, to energy-containing foods (excluding beverages) at home or in any other place where meals are to be consumed...
November 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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