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Trainee cataract

Dong Young Park, Andrew Walkden, Timothy A De Klerk
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of specialty training on cataract operation times and operating room efficiency. SETTING: Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series. METHODS: Specialty training and consultant case times with preparation times were recorded between August 2014 and May 2015. Cases with posterior capsule rupture requiring anterior vitrectomy or iris hook insertion were analyzed...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Bia Z Kim, Dipika V Patel, Trevor Sherwin, Charles Nj McGhee
PURPOSE: To evaluate two preoperative risk stratification systems for assessing the risk of complications in phacoemulsification cataract surgery, performed by residents, fellows and attending physicians in a public teaching hospital. DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: One observer assessed the clinical data of 500 consecutive cases, prior to phacoemulsification cataract surgery performed between April and June 2015 at Greenlane Clinical Centre, Auckland, New Zealand...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Kevin Dunne, Alex J Buller
AIM: To describe a useful technique utilizing lens thickness from biometric data as well as phacoemulsification (phaco) probe tip dimensions, in order to more accurately determine safe groove depth during divide and conquer techniques for cataract surgery. METHODS: Single center, selection of patients for cataract surgery deemed low risk and suitable for surgical teaching cases. Individual lens thickness measurements from biometry were calculated with known phaco tip dimensions to give an individualized safe number of phaco tip depths for grooving during divide and conquer...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Alexander C Day, Sandeep K Dhallu, Vincenzo Maurino, Mark R Wilkins
OBJECTIVES: To describe the initial outcomes following installation of a cataract surgery laser system. SETTING: National Health Service cataract surgery day care unit in North London, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 158 eyes of 150 patients undergoing laser-assisted cataract surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Laser cataract surgery using the AMO Catalys femtosecond laser platform. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: HASH(0x350d100) PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: intraoperative complications including anterior and posterior capsule tears...
2016: BMJ Open
Seema Ramakrishnan, Prabu Baskaran, Romana Fazal, Syed Mohammad Sulaiman, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Rengaraj Venkatesh
Achieving a formed and firm eyeball which is stably fixed in a holding device is a major challenge of surgical wet-lab training. Our innovation, the 'Spring-action Apparatus for Fixation of Eyeball (SAFE)' is a robust, simple and economical device to solve this problem. It consists of a hollow iron cylinder to which a spring-action syringe is attached. The spring-action syringe generates vacuum and enables reliable fixation of a human or animal cadaveric eye on the iron cylinder. The rise in intraocular pressure due to vacuum fixation can be varied as per need or nature of surgery being practised...
October 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Meenakshi Swaminathan, Srikanth Ramasubramanian, Rachel Pilling, Junhong Li, Karl Golnik
Pediatric cataract surgical skill assessment is important to ensure the competency of the trainees, especially pediatric ophthalmology fellows. Using a rubric would ensure objectivity in this process. The ICO-OSCAR pediatric cataract surgery rubric has been developed with global variations in techniques of pediatric cataract surgery in mind.
August 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Alexander C Day, Paul H J Donachie, John M Sparrow, Robert L Johnston
PURPOSE: To investigate time to pseudophakic retinal detachment (RD) after cataract surgery with posterior capsule rupture (PCR) to provide an evidence-based guide for postoperative management. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 61 907 eyes of 46 824 patients undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: Subanalysis of the United Kingdom Royal College of Ophthalmologists' National Ophthalmology Database from 13 sites where data on both cataract and vitreoretinal surgery were recorded on the same electronic medical records system...
August 2016: Ophthalmology
Abigail T Fahim, Matthew P Simunovic, Zaid Mammo, Danny Mitry, Kaivon Pakzad-Vaezi, Patrick Bradley, Omar A Mahroo
OBJECTIVE: To compare key characteristics of ophthalmology training programs in 6 different English-speaking countries: Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Seven ophthalmologists with personal knowledge of all 6 systems contributed. METHODS: The main features examined were career pathway, duration of training, surgical training, governing bodies, and examination structure. Data were collected from the literature, online resources, and personal experience...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Danson V Muttuvelu, Carl Uggerhøj Andersen
PURPOSE: To address the use of and knowledge about skills assessment and competency-based training in cataract surgery in European Board of Ophthalmology (EBO) member countries. METHODS: A survey was emailed directly to all directors of the European societies in ophthalmology. The survey included queries about criteria to undergo training in cataract surgery, regulation of education in cataract surgery, and skills assessment and training methods. In addition, all Danish Eye Departments were further asked to what extent they find assessment tools useful, if competency-based training in cataract surgery would be an improvement, and if an assessment tool would be considered for use in future training of cataract surgeons...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Avni P Finn, Sheila Borboli-Gerogiannis, Stacey Brauner, Han-Ying Peggy Chang, Sherleen Chen, Matthew Gardiner, Scott H Greenstein, Carolyn Kloek, Joan W Miller, Teresa C Chen
OBJECTIVES: To assess resident cataract surgery outcomes at an academic teaching institution using 2 Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) cataract measures, which are intended to serve as a proxy for quality of surgical care. DESIGN: A retrospective review comparing cataract surgery outcomes of resident and attending surgeries using 2 PQRS measures: (1) 20/40 or better best-corrected visual acuity following cataract surgery and (2) complications within 30 days following cataract surgery requiring additional surgical procedures...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Milind Suryawanshi, Parikshit Gogate, Anil N Kulkarni, Archana Biradar, Pooja Bhomaj
PURPOSE: Comparison of the rates of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) associated with conventional versus a reverse method of teaching phacoemulsification. METHODS: Trainees were taught conventional (start-to-finish) phacoemulsification beginning with an incision (tunnel construction) to capsulorhexis, sculpting, nucleus cracking, segment removal, cortex aspiration, intraocular lens implantation, and viscoelastic removal. In the reverse method, after incision and capsulorhexis, the trainees were progressively taught viscoelastic wash, cortex aspiration, segment removal, nucleus cracking, sculpting, and intraocular lens implantation...
April 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
A-Yong Yu, Qin-Mei Wang, Jin Li, Fang Huang, Karl Golnik
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether a short-term training program can produce competent cataract surgeons. METHODS: This observational pilot study enrolled 12 trainees who could not perform phacoemulsification independently. The training consisted of 2 phases. During the first 3-month phase, trainees were taught phacoemulsification through wet laboratory exposure and deliberate practice in patients at the training center in the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University in China...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
A M J Turnbull, S C Lash
PurposeTo ascertain ophthalmology trainee confidence in managing posterior capsule rupture (PCR) and vitreous loss.MethodsAn electronic survey was distributed to ophthalmology trainees in a single UK postgraduate training Deanery. Data collected included the stage of training, number of completed cataract operations, cumulative PCR rate, number of PCRs personally managed by the trainee, previous vitrectomy experience during vitreoretinal rotations, and attendance at advanced phacoemulsification courses. Trainees self-evaluated their confidence in managing PCR with vitreous loss, including the management of specific aspects of the procedure...
July 2016: Eye
Santosh Dnyanmote
At the invitation of the director of The National Eye Center, Kaduna, Nigeria and The Makkah Eye Hospital of Khartoum, Sudan I visited both these institutions to teach phacoemulsification surgery to their aspiring surgeons on Visalis 100 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Germany). This article highlights the experience of teaching phacoemulsification surgery in foreign African countries like Nigeria and Sudan. In Nigeria I had the opportunity to give training in both wet lab and live surgery settings whereas in Sudan only hands-on live surgery...
April 2015: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Fabiana Lorencatto, Alice M Harper, Jill J Francis, John G Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a risk factor for a number of eye conditions, including age-related macular degeneration, cataracts and thyroid eye disease. Smoking cessation interventions have been shown to be highly cost-effective when delivered by a range of healthcare professionals. Optometrists are well placed to deliver smoking cessation advice to a wide population of otherwise healthy smokers. Yet optometrists remain a relatively neglected healthcare professional group in smoking cessation research and policy...
July 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
Tomoichiro Ogawa, Takuya Shiba, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
Purpose. This study retrospectively analyzed cataract surgeries to examine the usefulness of Surgical Media Center (SMC) (Abbott Medical Optics Inc.), a new cataract surgery recording device, for training of cataract surgery. Methods. We studied five hundred cataract surgeries conducted with a phacoemulsification system connected to the SMC. After surgery, the surgical procedures were reviewed, with changes in aspiration rate, vacuum level, and phaco power displayed as graphs superimposed on the surgical video...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Eric Singman, Divya Srikumaran, Kathy Hackett, Brian Kaplan, Albert Jun, Derek Preece, Pradeep Ramulu
BACKGROUND: The Wilmer General Eye Services (GES) at the Johns Hopkins Hospital is the clinic where residents provide supervised comprehensive medical and surgical care to ophthalmology patients. The clinic schedule and supervision structure allows for a progressive increase in trainee responsibility, with graduated autonomy and longitudinal continuity of care over the three years of ophthalmology residency training. This study sought to determine the number of cases the GES contributes to the resident surgical experiences...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Edward J Casswell, Tahrina Salam, Paul M Sullivan, Daniel G Ezra
AIMS: To investigate whether ophthalmology trainees are able to assess their own competence in cataract surgery and whether this judgement improves as they progress through training. METHODS: A prospective, blinded, single-centre comparative study of ophthalmology trainee surgeons was performed. 16 junior trainees (150-499 cataract operations) and 16 senior trainees (>500 cataract operations) were recruited. They performed a single videotaped cataract operation and filled in the validated Objective Structured Assessment of Cataract Surgical Skill (OSACSS) assessment form...
June 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Biswarup Mukherjee, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
In ophthalmic anesthesia administration prior to surgeries for problems such as cataracts or glaucoma, the training of new doctors, as in other surgical specialties, is based on a model in which a student trains on a patient under the expert supervision of an experienced doctor. However, the traditional apprenticeship approach is problematic in eye surgery because ocular structures could potentially be damaged by those administering ophthalmic anesthesia for the first time. Apart from the obvious risk to patients, there is also the inability to quantify the performance of a trainee...
July 2015: IEEE Pulse
Oluwatosin O O Haastrup, John C Buchan, Andy Cassels-Brown, Colin Cook
PURPOSE: To evaluate the current quality "assurance" and "improvement" mechanisms, the knowledge, attitudes and practices of cataract surgeons in a large South African city. METHODOLOGY: A total of 17 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with ophthalmologists in June 2012 at 2 tertiary institutions in the Republic of South Africa. Recruitment of the purposive sample was supplemented by snowball sampling. The study participants were 5 general ophthalmologists and 2 pediatric ophthalmologists; 4 senior and 4 junior registrars and a medical officer...
April 2015: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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