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Central serous retinopathy

Chiara Giuffrè, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Giulio Modorati, Adriano Carnevali, Alessandro Marchese, Lea Querques, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To describe a case of multiple detachments of the neurosensory retina mimicking multifocal vitelliform macular dystrophy after chemotherapy with mitogen/extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor for metastatic ovarian cancer. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 38-year-old woman presented to our clinic for eye examination before the initiation of chemotherapy with trametinib. One month after starting treatment, the patient complained of vision loss and metamorphopsia in both eyes...
November 29, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Fabio Lavinsky, Daniel Lavinsky
Technologies for multimodal digital imaging of vitreoretinal diseases have improved the accuracy of diagnosis and the depth of the knowledge of the mechanisms of disease and their response to treatments. Optic coherence tomography (OCT) has become a mandatory tool for the management and for the follow-up of retinal pathologies. OCT technology evolved in the last two decades from time-domain to spectral domain and recently to the swept-source OCTs (SS-OCT). SS-OCT improved the depth of imaging and the scan speed, thus adding novel algorithms and features such as for vitreous and vitreoretinal interface evaluation, choroid segmentation and mapping, OCT angiography and En-face OCT...
2016: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
Pukhraj Rishi, Ramya Appanraj, Tarun Sharma
A 56 year-old-male presented with diminution of vision in right eye of 2 months duration. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/25. Anterior segment examination was bilaterally normal. Right fundus revealed oval, raised, pigmented lesion in superotemporal quadrant with subfoveal fluid. Fundus fluroscein angiography (FFA) showed multiple pinpoint leakages. Acoustic hollowing on ultrasound (USG) was typical of choroidal melanoma. A high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis of small choroidal melanoma that could present with multiple focal leaks and subretinal fluid simulating multifocal central serous retinopathy (CSR)...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Taha Sezer, Muhammet Altınışık, İbrahim Arif Koytak, Mehmet Hakan Özdemir
The choroid is the most vascular tissue in the eye and it plays an important role in the pathophysiology of various common chorioretinal diseases such as central serous retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration and degenerative myopia. Quantitative assessment of the choroid has been quite challenging with traditional imaging modalities such as indocyanine green angiography and ultrasonography due to limited resolution and repeatability. With the advent of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, detailed visualization of the choroid in vivo is now possible...
January 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Maria V Cicinelli, Adriano Carnevali, Alessandro Rabiolo, Lea Querques, Ilaria Zucchiatti, Vincenzo Scorcia, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: To describe macular-foveal capillaries (MFC) by means of optical coherence tomography angiography and to identify the clinical spectrum of this angiographic feature. METHODS: Patients with MFC presenting at the Medical Retina & Imaging Unit of the Department of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute San Raffaele in Milan were recruited. Patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination that included slit-lamp examination, fundus examination, measurement of best-corrected visual acuity, fundus autofluorescence, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis HRA + OCT; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
July 12, 2016: Retina
Aniruddha More, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Ravi Uniyal
BACKGROUND: Acute vision loss in the post-partum period can occur due to many reasons. Eclampsia, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), pituitary apoplexy, and central serous retinopathy are some of the important causes. Cryptococcal meningitis as a cause of acute vision loss in the post-partum period has not been mentioned in literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old female presented to us with acute bilateral complete vision loss in the post-partum period...
October 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Tina Rike Herold, Kristina Rist, Siegfried Georg Priglinger, Michael Werner Ulbig, Armin Wolf
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of spironolactone in non-resolving central serous chorio-retinopathy (CSCR) and recurrence rates of CSCR. METHODS: Interventional uncontrolled open-label prospective clinical trial of patients with non-resolving CSCR who were treated with spironolactone 50 mg daily (Spironolacton AL® 50 mg, ALIUD PHARMA) for up to 16 weeks. Follow-up visits were performed at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Retreatment criteria for recurrence were: gain in sub-retinal fluid (SRF) of more than 25 % plus/or increase of central retinal thickness (CRT) of more than 50 μm plus visual symptoms compared to last visit...
July 31, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Kaveh Vahdani, Georgios Makrygiannis, Harikesh Kaneshyogan, Inderpaul S Sian, Osama Giasin
PURPOSE: To report a case of acute bilateral central serous retinopathy associated with deferoxamine therapy in the context of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. METHODS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence were used to investigate posterior segment changes. RESULTS: A 76-year-old man with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and hereditary spherocytosis was started on deferoxamine for iron overload secondary to previous blood transfusions...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Marissa L Weber, Michelle C Liang, Keith T Flaherty, Jeffrey S Heier
IMPORTANCE: The use of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase (MEK) inhibitors has become more common in the treatment of systemic cancer. These agents have been associated with a central serous-like retinopathy in some patients. Recognition of such retinal findings and the relatively benign nature of these events is important to avoid unnecessary intervention, including the cessation of a potentially life-prolonging medication. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence and characteristics of subretinal fluid (SRF) associated with the use of MEK inhibitors in the treatment of systemic cancer and to correlate the presence of SRF with visual acuity and symptoms over time...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Elizabeth Shen, Sivakumar R Rathinam, Manohar Babu, Anuradha Kanakath, Radhika Thundikandy, Salena M Lee, Erica N Browne, Travis C Porco, Nisha R Acharya
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease from a clinical trial of antimetabolite therapies. DESIGN: Subanalysis from an observer-masked randomized clinical trial for noninfectious intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis. METHODS: setting: Clinical practice at Aravind Eye Hospitals, India. PATIENT POPULATION: Forty-three of 80 patients enrolled (54%) diagnosed with VKH. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized to either 25 mg oral methotrexate weekly or 1 g mycophenolate mofetil twice daily, with a corticosteroid taper...
August 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Myrte B Breukink, Danial Mohabati, Elon H C van Dijk, Anneke I den Hollander, Eiko K de Jong, Greet Dijkman, Jan E E Keunen, Carel B Hoyng, Camiel J F Boon
PURPOSE: To investigate whether patients who developed chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (cCSC) in association with corticosteroid treatment respond differently to photodynamic therapy (PDT) as compared to patients who have not used corticosteroids. METHODS: Clinical evaluation included visual acuity (VA), fundoscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography. The main outcome measure was a complete resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF) on OCT after PDT...
September 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Bilal Hassan, Gulistan Raja, Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram
Macular edema (ME) and central serous retinopathy (CSR) are two macular diseases that affect the central vision of a person if they are left untreated. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging is the latest eye examination technique that shows a cross-sectional region of the retinal layers and that can be used to detect many retinal disorders in an early stage. Many researchers have done clinical studies on ME and CSR and reported significant findings in macular OCT scans. However, this paper proposes an automated method for the classification of ME and CSR from OCT images using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier...
April 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Giuseppe Casalino, Claudia Del Turco, Federico Corvi, Omer Rafaeli, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term retinal sensitivity and metamorphopsia changes after half-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: Patients with acute CSC and evidence of angiographic leakage and subretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography (OCT) were enrolled. Before, and 1 week (W-1) and 2 months (M-2) after PDT, all patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity, enhanced depth imaging OCT, microperimetry (MP) and preferential hyperacuity perimetry (PHP)...
2016: Ophthalmic Research
J Savige, L Amos, Frank Ierino, H G Mack, R C Andrew Symons, P Hughes, K Nicholls, D Colville
BACKGROUND: Dense deposit disease and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome are often caused by Complement Factor H (CFH) mutations. This study describes the retinal abnormalities in dense deposit disease and, for the first time, atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome. It also reviews our understanding of drusen pathogenesis and their relevance for glomerular disease. METHODS: Six individuals with dense deposit disease and one with atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome were studied from 2 to 40 years after presentation...
February 25, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
Erkan Celık, Emine Doğan, Elıf Betul Turkoglu, Burçın Çakır, Gursoy Alagoz
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate visual acuity (VA) and central macular thickness (CMT) to assess the influence of serous retinal detachment (SRD) in eyes with macular edema (ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: Sixty-one eyes with BRVO from 61 patients with ME were analyzed and divided into two groups according to the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings of SRD and cystoid macular edema (CME)...
February 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Lauren Y Chan, Robert S Adam, David N Adam
OBJECTIVES: The link between topical steroid use and central serous retinopathy (CSR) is poorly understood as there are a limited number of reported cases, with most cases typically occurring in patients using oral or inhaled steroids. CSR is a common retinal disease that can cause loss of vision as a result of accumulated subretinal fluid leading to localized serous retinal detachments. CSR is associated with systemic steroid use. The objective of this case series and the review was to further understand the relationship between localized topical steroid use and CSR...
October 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Esra Omay, Ufuk Elgin, Emine Sen, Pelin Yilmazbas
To investigate the early effects of two intravitreal (IV) anti vascular endothelial growth factor agents (anti-VEGF), bevacizumab and ranibizumab, on intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) within the first post-injection month. This prospective study comprised 109 eyes of 109 adult cases who had IV bevacizumab or ranibizumab injections because of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), retinal venous occlusion (RVO), diabetic retinopathy, and macular edema or central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR)...
October 2016: International Ophthalmology
Dinushi Weerasinghe, Christian Lueck
Optic neuritis is a common problem and most neurologists are familiar with it. Recent studies have suggested that it can be overdiagnosed in as many as 10% of cases. The major reasons for this relate to confusion regarding terminology and lack of familiarity with common mimics. This article covers typical 'idiopathic' demyelinating optic neuropathy (IDON) and several possible variations in the way it can present (chameleons). We then discuss several conditions that can mimic IDON, including neuromyelitis optica, sarcoidosis, chronic relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy, anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, infectious/parainfectious optic neuropathy, neuroretinitis, Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, and some 'ocular' mimics including autoimmune retinopathy and central serous choroidoretinopathy...
April 2016: Practical Neurology
Libuse Krizova, Marta Kalousova, Ales Antonin Kubena, Oldrich Chrapek, Barbora Chrapkova, Martin Sin, Tomas Zima
Purpose. We investigated two factors linked to diabetic macular edema (DME), vitreous and serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and uric acid (UA) in patients with DME, and compared the results with changes in optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual acuity (VA). Methods. A prospective study of 29 eyes, 16 cystoid DME and nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR) and 13 nondiabetic controls. Biochemical analysis of vitreous and serum samples was performed and OCT scans were graded according to central retinal thickness (CRT), cube volume (CV), cube average thickness (CAT), and serous retinal detachment (SRD)...
2015: Journal of Ophthalmology
V Castro Navarro, J Montero Hernández, C Navarro Palop, P Palomares Fort, E Cervera Taulet
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical findings and its complications in 2 patients with focal choroidal excavation (FCE). METHODS: A retrospective case-series including 4 eyes of 2 patients with FCE that underwent a comprehensive ophthalmological examination including slit-lamp examination, colour fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fluorescein angiography (FA), and indocyanine green angiography. RESULTS: In the 2 patients, both the anterior and posterior segment evaluations were mostly normal despite the of presence yellowish spots in the macular area of the right eye of patient 1, and of a small yellowish elevated lesion with serous macular detachment in the macular area of the left eye in patient 2...
January 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
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