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Central serous retinopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306346/risk-factors-for-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-multivariate-approach-in-a-case-control-study
#1
Irini Chatziralli, Stamatina A Kabanarou, Efstratios Parikakis, Alexandros Chatzirallis, Tina Xirou, Panagiotis Mitropoulos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the potential risk factors associated independently with central serous retinopathy (CSR) in a Greek population, using multivariate approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in the study were 183 consecutive patients diagnosed with CSR and 183 controls, matched for age. All participants underwent complete ophthalmological examination and information regarding their sociodemographic, clinical, medical and ophthalmological history were recorded, so as to assess potential risk factors for CSR...
March 17, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237171/atypical-transient-subretinal-exudation-following-photodynamic-therapy-for-chronic-central-serous-retinopathy-a-case-report
#2
Ahmad Al-Awadi, Efrem D Mandelcorn, Sohel Somani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210185/neoplastic-leptomeningeal-disease-masquerading-as-central-serous-retinopathy-a-case-report
#3
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Hanif J Suleman, Peter Cikatricis, Helen Palmer
A 69-year-old man became aware of people's speech being out of synch with their lip movements alongside persistent headaches, both of which progressively worsened. A few weeks later, he developed progressive and painless visual loss in one eye. Initial neurological evaluation, inflammatory markers and head computed tomography scan were normal. Ophthalmological examination and OCT scan revealed right macular subretinal fluid with choroidal indentation, which prompted urgent further investigations including head MRI revealing extensive leptomeningeal disease...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186886/joint-segmentation-of-retinal-layers-and-focal-lesions-in-3d-oct-data-of-topologically-disrupted-retinas
#4
Jelena Novosel, Koenraad Vermeer, Jan H de Jong, Ziyuan Wang, Lucas Van Vliet
Accurate quantification of retinal structures in 3D optical coherence tomography data of eyes with pathologies provides clinically relevant information. We present an approach to jointly segment retinal layers and lesions in eyes with topology-disrupting retinal diseases by a loosely coupled level sets framework. In the new approach, lesions are modelled as an additional space-variant layer delineated by auxiliary interfaces. Furthermore, the segmentation of interfaces is steered by local differences in the signal between adjacent retinal layers thereby allowing the approach to handle local intensity variations...
February 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181178/the-ocular-manifestations-of-drugs-used-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis
#5
REVIEW
Gregory Heath, Archana Airody, Richard Peter Gale
Recent times have seen an increase in the number of options to treat multiple sclerosis. Ocular manifestations of multiple sclerosis are well known to treating physicians; however, the medications used to treat multiple sclerosis can also have ocular side effects. This review article focuses on the ocular manifestations of corticosteroids and disease-modifying agents such as interferon, fingolomod, natalizumab, alemtuzumab and mitoxantron used to treat the disease. The ocular manifestations of multiple sclerosis treatments can be varied depending on the drug used, and include retinopathy, chronic central serous chorioretinopathy, macular oedema, Graves' ophthalmopathy and cortical blindness...
March 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110716/automated-diagnosis-of-macular-edema-and-central-serous-retinopathy-through-robust-reconstruction-of-3d-retinal-surfaces
#6
Adeel M Syed, Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram, Samra Naz, Shehzad Khalid
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Macular diseases tend to damage macula within human retina due to which the central vision of a person is affected. Macular edema (ME) and central serous retinopathy (CSR) are two of the most common macular diseases. Many researchers worked on automated detection of ME from optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus images, whereas few researchers have worked on diagnosing central serous retinopathy. But this paper proposes a fully automated method for the classification of ME and CSR through robust reconstruction of 3D OCT retinal surfaces...
December 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902541/central-serous-chorioretinopathylike-mimicking-multifocal-vitelliform-macular-dystrophy-an-ocular-side-effect-of-mitogen-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-inhibitors
#7
Chiara Giuffrè, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Giulio Modorati, Adriano Carnevali, Alessandro Marchese, Lea Querques, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To describe a case of multiple detachments of the neurosensory retina mimicking multifocal vitelliform macular dystrophy after chemotherapy with mitogen/extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor for metastatic ovarian cancer. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 38-year-old woman presented to our clinic for eye examination before the initiation of chemotherapy with trametinib. One month after starting treatment, the patient complained of vision loss and metamorphopsia in both eyes...
November 29, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847643/novel-perspectives-on-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
REVIEW
Fabio Lavinsky, Daniel Lavinsky
Technologies for multimodal digital imaging of vitreoretinal diseases have improved the accuracy of diagnosis and the depth of the knowledge of the mechanisms of disease and their response to treatments. Optic coherence tomography (OCT) has become a mandatory tool for the management and for the follow-up of retinal pathologies. OCT technology evolved in the last two decades from time-domain to spectral domain and recently to the swept-source OCTs (SS-OCT). SS-OCT improved the depth of imaging and the scan speed, thus adding novel algorithms and features such as for vitreous and vitreoretinal interface evaluation, choroid segmentation and mapping, OCT angiography and En-face OCT...
2016: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843240/choroidal-melanoma-masquerading-as-multifocal-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#9
Pukhraj Rishi, Ramya Appanraj, Tarun Sharma
A 56 year-old-male presented with diminution of vision in right eye of 2 months duration. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/25. Anterior segment examination was bilaterally normal. Right fundus revealed oval, raised, pigmented lesion in superotemporal quadrant with subfoveal fluid. Fundus fluroscein angiography (FFA) showed multiple pinpoint leakages. Acoustic hollowing on ultrasound (USG) was typical of choroidal melanoma. A high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis of small choroidal melanoma that could present with multiple focal leaks and subretinal fluid simulating multifocal central serous retinopathy (CSR)...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800255/the-choroid-and-optical-coherence-tomography
#10
REVIEW
Taha Sezer, Muhammet Altınışık, İbrahim Arif Koytak, Mehmet Hakan Özdemir
The choroid is the most vascular tissue in the eye and it plays an important role in the pathophysiology of various common chorioretinal diseases such as central serous retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration and degenerative myopia. Quantitative assessment of the choroid has been quite challenging with traditional imaging modalities such as indocyanine green angiography and ultrasonography due to limited resolution and repeatability. With the advent of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, detailed visualization of the choroid in vivo is now possible...
January 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780174/clinical-spectrum-of-macular-foveal-capillaries-evaluated-with-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#11
Maria V Cicinelli, Adriano Carnevali, Alessandro Rabiolo, Lea Querques, Ilaria Zucchiatti, Vincenzo Scorcia, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: To describe macular-foveal capillaries (MFC) by means of optical coherence tomography angiography and to identify the clinical spectrum of this angiographic feature. METHODS: Patients with MFC presenting at the Medical Retina & Imaging Unit of the Department of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute San Raffaele in Milan were recruited. Patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination that included slit-lamp examination, fundus examination, measurement of best-corrected visual acuity, fundus autofluorescence, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis HRA + OCT; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
March 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756232/acute-vision-loss-in-post-partum-period-as-presenting-symptom-of-hiv-associated-cryptococcal-meningitis-an-unusual-case-report
#12
Aniruddha More, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Ravi Uniyal
BACKGROUND: Acute vision loss in the post-partum period can occur due to many reasons. Eclampsia, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), pituitary apoplexy, and central serous retinopathy are some of the important causes. Cryptococcal meningitis as a cause of acute vision loss in the post-partum period has not been mentioned in literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old female presented to us with acute bilateral complete vision loss in the post-partum period...
October 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475933/long-term-results-and-recurrence-rates-after-spironolactone-treatment-in-non-resolving-central-serous-chorio-retinopathy-cscr
#13
Tina Rike Herold, Kristina Rist, Siegfried Georg Priglinger, Michael Werner Ulbig, Armin Wolf
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of spironolactone in non-resolving central serous chorio-retinopathy (CSCR) and recurrence rates of CSCR. METHODS: Interventional uncontrolled open-label prospective clinical trial of patients with non-resolving CSCR who were treated with spironolactone 50 mg daily (Spironolacton AL® 50 mg, ALIUD PHARMA) for up to 16 weeks. Follow-up visits were performed at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Retreatment criteria for recurrence were: gain in sub-retinal fluid (SRF) of more than 25 % plus/or increase of central retinal thickness (CRT) of more than 50 μm plus visual symptoms compared to last visit...
February 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445073/bilateral-central-serous-retinopathy-in-a-patient-with-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-treated-with-deferoxamine
#14
Kaveh Vahdani, Georgios Makrygiannis, Harikesh Kaneshyogan, Inderpaul S Sian, Osama Giasin
PURPOSE: To report a case of acute bilateral central serous retinopathy associated with deferoxamine therapy in the context of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. METHODS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence were used to investigate posterior segment changes. RESULTS: A 76-year-old man with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and hereditary spherocytosis was started on deferoxamine for iron overload secondary to previous blood transfusions...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309887/subretinal-fluid-associated-with-mek-inhibitor-use-in-the-treatment-of-systemic-cancer
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marissa L Weber, Michelle C Liang, Keith T Flaherty, Jeffrey S Heier
IMPORTANCE: The use of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase (MEK) inhibitors has become more common in the treatment of systemic cancer. These agents have been associated with a central serous-like retinopathy in some patients. Recognition of such retinal findings and the relatively benign nature of these events is important to avoid unnecessary intervention, including the cessation of a potentially life-prolonging medication. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence and characteristics of subretinal fluid (SRF) associated with the use of MEK inhibitors in the treatment of systemic cancer and to correlate the presence of SRF with visual acuity and symptoms over time...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296490/outcomes-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-a-subanalysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-antimetabolite-therapies
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elizabeth Shen, Sivakumar R Rathinam, Manohar Babu, Anuradha Kanakath, Radhika Thundikandy, Salena M Lee, Erica N Browne, Travis C Porco, Nisha R Acharya
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease from a clinical trial of antimetabolite therapies. DESIGN: Subanalysis from an observer-masked randomized clinical trial for noninfectious intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis. METHODS: setting: Clinical practice at Aravind Eye Hospitals, India. PATIENT POPULATION: Forty-three of 80 patients enrolled (54%) diagnosed with VKH. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized to either 25 mg oral methotrexate weekly or 1 g mycophenolate mofetil twice daily, with a corticosteroid taper...
August 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149889/efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-steroid-associated-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-a-case-control-study
#17
Myrte B Breukink, Danial Mohabati, Elon H C van Dijk, Anneke I den Hollander, Eiko K de Jong, Greet Dijkman, Jan E E Keunen, Carel B Hoyng, Camiel J F Boon
PURPOSE: To investigate whether patients who developed chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (cCSC) in association with corticosteroid treatment respond differently to photodynamic therapy (PDT) as compared to patients who have not used corticosteroids. METHODS: Clinical evaluation included visual acuity (VA), fundoscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography. The main outcome measure was a complete resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF) on OCT after PDT...
September 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27140751/structure-tensor-based-automated-detection-of-macular-edema-and-central-serous-retinopathy-using-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#18
Bilal Hassan, Gulistan Raja, Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram
Macular edema (ME) and central serous retinopathy (CSR) are two macular diseases that affect the central vision of a person if they are left untreated. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging is the latest eye examination technique that shows a cross-sectional region of the retinal layers and that can be used to detect many retinal disorders in an early stage. Many researchers have done clinical studies on ME and CSR and reported significant findings in macular OCT scans. However, this paper proposes an automated method for the classification of ME and CSR from OCT images using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier...
April 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003789/short-term-retinal-sensitivity-and-metamorphopsia-changes-following-half-fluence-photodynamic-therapy-in-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#19
Giuseppe Casalino, Claudia Del Turco, Federico Corvi, Omer Rafaeli, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term retinal sensitivity and metamorphopsia changes after half-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: Patients with acute CSC and evidence of angiographic leakage and subretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography (OCT) were enrolled. Before, and 1 week (W-1) and 2 months (M-2) after PDT, all patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity, enhanced depth imaging OCT, microperimetry (MP) and preferential hyperacuity perimetry (PHP)...
2016: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915021/retinal-disease-in-the-c3-glomerulopathies-and-the-risk-of-impaired-vision
#20
J Savige, L Amos, Frank Ierino, H G Mack, R C Andrew Symons, P Hughes, K Nicholls, D Colville
BACKGROUND: Dense deposit disease and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome are often caused by Complement Factor H (CFH) mutations. This study describes the retinal abnormalities in dense deposit disease and, for the first time, atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome. It also reviews our understanding of drusen pathogenesis and their relevance for glomerular disease. METHODS: Six individuals with dense deposit disease and one with atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome were studied from 2 to 40 years after presentation...
February 25, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
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