keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Methotrexate inflamation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571554/methotrexate-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-mechanistic-insights-current-issues-and-novel-delivery-approaches
#1
P Rajitha, Raja Biswas, M Sabitha, R Jayakumar
Our review is focused on the use of methotrexate in drug therapy of two autoimmune diseases, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The article describes the pathogenesis of psoriasis and RA, the role of methotrexate in the treatment of these diseases with more focused review on the mechanism behind the clinical benefits of methotrexate therapy. Methotrexate due to its cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory and immune modulatory activities provides clinical benefits in the therapy of the selected diseases. This review also gives a panorama of the problems associated with the use of methotrexate in the selected diseases and the guidelines provided by FDA for its safe use...
May 31, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560307/lupus-profundus-limited-to-a-site-of-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
María Adriana Castrillón, Dédée F Murrell
Lupus erythematosus profundus (LEP) is a rare form of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. We report on a case of a 56-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with a single, persistent, painful rash on the left hip and lateral aspect of the left upper thigh, which had been present for 2.5 years. The patient had a history of previous injury to this area before the rash started. Clinical findings showed an inflamed, hyperpigmented, and indurated plaque with a linear skin invagination and no associated systemic symptoms...
June 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523450/a-review-of-the-clinical-pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-immunogenicity-of-vedolizumab
#3
REVIEW
Maria Rosario, Nathanael L Dirks, Catherine Milch, Asit Parikh, Michael Bargfrede, Tim Wyant, Eric Fedyk, Irving Fox
Vedolizumab is a humanized anti-α4β7 integrin monoclonal antibody that selectively blocks trafficking of memory T cells to inflamed gut tissue by inhibiting the α4β7-mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) interaction. Approved for treating patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD), vedolizumab is administered as a 300 mg intravenous infusion. Vedolizumab undergoes a rapid, saturable, non-linear, target-mediated elimination process at low concentrations and a slower, linear, non-specific elimination process at higher concentrations...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428089/enhanced-anti-rheumatic-activity-of-methotrexate-entrapped-ultradeformable-liposomal-gel-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-rat-model
#4
Alam Zeb, Omer Salman Qureshi, Chan-Hee Yu, Muhammad Akram, Hyung-Seo Kim, Myung-Sic Kim, Jong-Ho Kang, Arshad Majid, Sun-Young Chang, Ok-Nam Bae, Jin-Ki Kim
The aim of this study is to investigate in vivo anti-rheumatic activity of methotrexate-entrapped ultradeformable liposomal gel (MTX-UDLs-gel) in adjuvant-induced arthritis rat model. Methotrexate-entrapped ultradeformable liposomes (MTX-UDLs) with the optimal phosphatidylcholine to Tween 80 ratio (7:3, w/w) were incorporated into 1% Carbopol gel. MTX-UDLs-gel was characterized in terms of appearance, clarity, homogeneity, pH and drug content. The permeation of MTX-UDLs-gel across rat skin was investigated using Franz diffusion cell...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371624/dextran-sulfate-nanoparticles-as-a-theranostic-nanomedicine-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Roun Heo, Dong Gil You, Wooram Um, Ki Young Choi, Sangmin Jeon, Jong-Sung Park, Yuri Choi, Seunglee Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim, Ick Chan Kwon, Dong-Gyu Jo, Young Mo Kang, Jae Hyung Park
With the aim of developing nanoparticles for targeted delivery of methotrexate (MTX) to inflamed joints in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an amphiphilic polysaccharide was synthesized by conjugating 5β-cholanic acid to a dextran sulfate (DS) backbone. Due to its amphiphilic nature, the DS derivative self-assembled into spherical nanoparticles (220 nm in diameter) in aqueous conditions. The MTX was effectively loaded into the DS nanoparticles (loading efficiency: 73.0%) by a simple dialysis method. Interestingly, the DS nanoparticles were selectively taken up by activated macrophages, which are responsible for inflammation and joint destruction, via scavenger receptor class A-mediated endocytosis...
July 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128085/antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-anti%C3%AE-2glicoprotein-1-antibodies-as-the-cause-of-recurrent-tibial-vein-thrombosis-in-sapho-syndrome
#6
Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Marek Brzosko
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with recurrent venous or arterial thromboembolism (1). SAPHO syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by specific clinical manifestations of synovitis, acne pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. It is a disease that manifests with a combination of osseous and articular manifestations associated with skin lesions (2). Venous thrombosis complicating SAPHO syndrome seems to be uncommon with an unclear pathogenesis (3-9)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875630/eosinophilic-fasciitis-with-subjacent-myositis
#7
Julia B Whitlock, Elliot L Dimberg, Duygu Selcen, Devon I Rubin
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare disorder that can present with muscle symptoms that mimic other neuromuscular diseases. METHODS: We report the case of a 43-year-old woman with chronic muscle aches, tightness, and stiffness with hypertrophied, well-defined muscles despite physical inactivity, and thickened skin with reduced elasticity and discoloration. RESULTS: Except for mild peripheral eosinophilia, laboratory studies, including blood count, electrolytes, paraneoplastic panel, muscle enzymes, thyroid function, and serum protein electrophoresis, were normal...
November 22, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829671/adenosine-and-adenosine-receptors-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-rheumatic-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Bruce N Cronstein, Michail Sitkovsky
Adenosine, a nucleoside derived primarily from the extracellular hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides, is a potent regulator of inflammation. Adenosine mediates its effects on inflammatory cells by engaging one or more cell-surface receptors. The expression and function of adenosine receptors on different cell types change during the course of rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Targeting adenosine receptors directly for the treatment of rheumatic diseases is currently under study; however, indirect targeting of adenosine receptors by enhancing adenosine levels at inflamed sites accounts for most of the anti-inflammatory effects of methotrexate, the anchor drug for the treatment of RA...
January 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785332/epstein-barr-virus-positive-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-involving-the-colon-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-pancolitis-and-polymyositis-on-long-term-methotrexate-therapy
#9
Michael D Chang, Merry-Jennifer Markham, Xiuli Liu
The link between immunosuppressive therapy and increased lymphoma risk is well established in patients with solid organ transplantation. Epstein-Barr virus-positive (EBV) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is known to be a complication in patients receiving methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis, and the risk of lymphoma in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has raised concerns regarding the lymphoproliferative potential of immunomodulatory therapy. In this report, we describe a case of EBV-positive DLBCL arising within the colon of a patient affected by ulcerative pancolitis...
October 2016: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663265/using-dermal-temperature-to-identify-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-radiologic-progressive-disease-in-less-than-one-minute
#10
Maria Greenwald, Joann Ball, Kelly Guerrettaz, Harold Paulus
OBJECTIVE: To explore development of a screening test for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients most likely to develop radiographic damage in the next year. The test is a simple, objective measurement of elevated dermal temperature over an inflamed joint in this observational, prospective cohort study. METHODS: Seropositive RA patients were sequentially enrolled into cohorts with hot or cool joints, as determined by a dermal thermometer. Patients naive to biologic therapy were maintained on a stable dosage of methotrexate (20-25 mg/week)...
August 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26653415/the-experience-of-taking-methotrexate-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey-with-children-and-young-people
#11
Kathleen Mulligan, Lucy R Wedderburn, Stanton Newman
BACKGROUND: Children and young people (CYP) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are known to have impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which is improved significantly for many by treatment with methotrexate (MTX). However, a significant proportion of CYP experience difficulties in taking MTX, which may reduce its potential benefits for HRQoL. The aim of this research was to examine how CYP with JIA perceive MTX treatment and how this relates to HRQoL. METHODS: CYP aged 8-16 years taking MTX for JIA completed an adapted Parent Adherence Report Questionnaire, which contains 100 mm visual analogue scales, to assess difficulty taking MTX, adherence, frequency of negative reactions and helpfulness of MTX...
December 12, 2015: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25964048/stealth-nanogels-of-histinylated-poly-ethyleneimine-for-sustained-delivery-of-methotrexate-in-collagen-induced-arthritis-model
#12
SamiraSadat Abolmaali, AliMohammad Tamaddon, Eskandar Kamali-Sarvestani, MohammadJavad Ashraf, Rasoul Dinarvand
PURPOSE: The study aimed to illustrate application of polycation Stealth nanogels for sustained delivery of methotrexate (MTX) in collagen induced arthritis (CIA) model in C57Bl/6 mice. METHODS: Nanogel synthesis involves metal ion coordinated self-assembly of PEGylated poly ethyleneimine (L-histidine substituted), chemical crosslinking and subsequent removal of the coordinated metal. The nanogels were characterized by TEM and DLS-zeta potential. Comparative efficacy and pharmacokinetics of the i...
October 2015: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25793532/defining-immunological-impact-and-therapeutic-benefit-of-mild-heating-in-a-murine-model-of-arthritis
#13
Chen-Ting Lee, Kathleen M Kokolus, Nicholas D Leigh, Maegan Capitano, Bonnie L Hylander, Elizabeth A Repasky
Traditional treatments, including a variety of thermal therapies have been known since ancient times to provide relief from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptoms. However, a general absence of information on how heating affects molecular or immunological targets relevant to RA has limited heat treatment (HT) to the category of treatments known as "alternative therapies". In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of mild HT in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model which has been used in many previous studies to evaluate newer pharmacological approaches for the treatment of RA, and tested whether inflammatory immune activity was altered...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25609739/maintenance-therapy-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-who-needs-what-and-for-how-long
#14
REVIEW
Anoek A E de Joode, Jan Stephan F Sanders, Abraham Rutgers, Coen A Stegeman
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are severe chronic auto-immune diseases in which the small vessels are inflamed. Nowadays, in the majority of patients disease can be brought into remission with cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids. However, depending upon disease characteristics patients with AAV have a risk of 29-60% to experience relapses of disease within 5 years despite maintenance therapy after induction of remission with less toxic agents, such as azathioprine, methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil...
April 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25355728/mri-assessment-of-suppression-of-structural-damage-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-receiving-rituximab-results-from-the-randomised-placebo-controlled-double-blind-ra-score-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Charles Peterfy, Paul Emery, Paul P Tak, Mikkel Østergaard, Julie DiCarlo, Kati Otsa, Federico Navarro Sarabia, Karel Pavelka, Marie-Agnes Bagnard, Lykke Hinsch Gylvin, Corrado Bernasconi, Annarita Gabriele
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in structural damage and joint inflammation assessed by MRI following rituximab treatment in a Phase 3 study of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite methotrexate (MTX) who were naive to biological therapy. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive two infusions of placebo (n=63), rituximab 500 mg (n=62), or rituximab 1000 mg (n=60) intravenously on days 1 and 15. MRI scans and radiographs of the most inflamed hand and wrist were acquired at baseline, weeks 12 (MRI only), 24 and 52...
January 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25249397/cxcl13-predicts-disease-activity-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-could-be-an-indicator-of-the-therapeutic-window-of-opportunity
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stinne Ravn Greisen, Karen Kræmmer Schelde, Tue Kruse Rasmussen, Tue Wenzel Kragstrup, Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen, Merete Lund Hetland, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Peter Junker, Mikkel Østergaard, Bent Deleuran, Malene Hvid
INTRODUCTION: A key phenomenon in rheumatoid arthritis is the formation of lymphoid follicles in the inflamed synovial membrane. C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13) is central in this process as it attracts C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXCR5)-expressing B cells and T follicular helper cells to the follicle. We here examine the role of CXCL13 and its association with disease in patients with treatment-naïve early rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Plasma samples from patients in the OPERA trial were examined for CXCL13 at treatment initiation and after 6 months of treatment with either methotrexate plus placebo (DMARD) (n = 37) or methotrexate plus adalimumab (DMARD + ADA) (n = 39)...
September 24, 2014: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25236343/could-albumin-affect-the-self-assembling-properties-of-a-block-co-polymer-system-and-drug-release-an-in-vitro-study
#17
Diego R Perinelli, Giulia Bonacucina, Stefania Pucciarelli, Marco Cespi, Luca Casettari, Valeria Polzonetti, Francesco Martino Carpi, Giovanni F Palmieri
PURPOSE: This work investigated the influence of a model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), on the properties of a thermogelling formulation intended for administration inside body compartments where there is high albumin content, as in the case of inflamed joints; it also explored the relation between the variation of these properties and release performance of methotrexate (MTX), a drug used to treat forms of arthritis and rheumatic conditions. METHODS: The influence of BSA on the micellisation and gelation behaviour of Poloxamer 407, chosen as a model copolymer, was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (microDSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), fluorescence spectroscopy and rheology studies...
March 2015: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25151858/the-effectiveness-of-leflunomide-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#18
Alhussain Asiri, Arane Thavaneswaran, Gideon Kalman-Lamb, Vinod Chandran, Dafna D Gladman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of leflunomide alone and in combination with methotrexate in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Patients were followed at the University of Toronto PsA Clinic. PsA patients who received leflunomide alone or in combination with methotrexate were identified from the PsA clinic database. Effectiveness was defined by drug persistence, a ≥40% reduction in actively inflamed joints, a ≥40% reduction in swollen joint count, and PASI50 and PASI75 response following treatment with leflunomide...
September 2014: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25073614/ultrasound-assessment-of-enthesis-thickening-in-psoriatic-arthritis-patients-treated-with-adalimumab-compared-to-methotrexate
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Irena Litinsky, Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Jonathan Wollman, Uri Arad, Daphna Paran, Dan Caspi, Ori Elkayam
The objective of the study was to combine ultrasonographic (US) with clinical findings for comparing the effect of adalimumab (ADA) to methotrexate (MTX) on the thickness of tendons and enthesis in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. Forty-three consecutive PsA patients were examined at baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks of treatment with ADA or MTX. The US assessment included thickness measurement of the extensor (ET) and flexor tendons (FT) of the second and third finger of both hands, plantar aponeurosis (PA) and the Achilles tendon (AT) bilaterally...
February 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24893961/a-hyaluronic-acid-methotrexate-conjugate-for-targeted-therapy-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Jung Min Shin, Seol-Hee Kim, Thavasyappan Thambi, Dong Gil You, Jueun Jeon, Jong Oh Lee, Bong Youl Chung, Dong-Gyu Jo, Jae Hyung Park
In an effort to improve the therapeutic efficacy of methotrexate (MTX), we prepared the hyaluronic acid-MTX conjugate for targeted therapy of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Owing to the pH-sensitive nature of the conjugate, MTX was rapidly released under the mildly acidic conditions, similar to the environment of inflamed synovial tissue in RA.
July 21, 2014: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
keyword
keyword
61789
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"