keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgical residents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344791/sages-s-advanced-gi-mis-fellowship-curriculum-pilot-project
#1
Joshua J Weis, Matthew Goldblatt, Aurora Pryor, Brian J Dunkin, L Michael Brunt, Daniel B Jones, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: The American health care system faces deficits in quality and quantity of surgeons. SAGES is a major stakeholder in surgical fellowship training and is responsible for defining the curriculum for the Advanced GI/MIS fellowship. SAGES leadership is actively adapting this curriculum. METHODS: The process of reform began in 2014 through a series of iterative meetings and discussions. A working group within the Resident and Fellow Training Committee reviewed case log data from 2012 to 2015...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342066/resident-participation-in-fixation-of-intertrochanteric-hip-fractures-analysis-of-the-nsqip-database
#2
Alexander L Neuwirth, Russell N Stitzlein, Madalyn G Neuwirth, Rachel K Kelz, Samir Mehta
BACKGROUND: Future generations of orthopaedic surgeons must continue to be trained in the surgical management of hip fractures. This study assesses the effect of resident participation on outcomes for the treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2010 to 2013) was queried for intertrochanteric hip fractures (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] code 820...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339299/is-there-a-difference-in-the-outcome-of-mid-urethral-sling-operations-performed-by-urogynecologists-as-compared-to-supervised-residents
#3
Osnat Elyashiv, Noa Mevorach Zussman, Masha Ben-Zvi, Jacob Bar, Ron Sagiv, Alexander Condrea, Shimon Ginath
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the operative results of midurethral sling (MUS) surgeries for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) performed by residents under the guidance of an attending specialist in urogynecology, to those done by attendings. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: University hospital PATIENTS: A retrospective analysis of all MUS's performed between January 2009 to December 2013, in a single public tertiary medical center, was carried out...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338059/hemodynamic-characteristics-of-hyperplastic-remodeling-lesions-in-cerebral-aneurysms
#4
Kazuhiro Furukawa, Fujimaro Ishida, Masanori Tsuji, Yoichi Miura, Tomoyuki Kishimoto, Masato Shiba, Hiroshi Tanemura, Yasuyuki Umeda, Takanori Sano, Ryuta Yasuda, Shinichi Shimosaka, Hidenori Suzuki
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Hyperplastic remodeling (HR) lesions are sometimes found on cerebral aneurysm walls. Atherosclerosis is the results of HR, which may cause an adverse effect on surgical treatment for cerebral aneurysms. Previous studies have demonstrated that atherosclerotic changes had a correlation with certain hemodynamic characteristics. Therefore, we investigated local hemodynamic characteristics of HR lesions of cerebral aneurysms using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). METHODS: Twenty-four cerebral aneurysms were investigated using CFD and intraoperative video recordings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337170/virtual-cerebral-aneurysm-clipping-with-real-time-haptic-force-feedback-in-neurosurgical-education
#5
Matthias Gmeiner, Johannes Dirnberger, Wolfgang Fenz, Maria Gollwitzer, Gabriele Wurm, Johannes Trenkler, Andreas Gruber
OBJECTIVE: Realistic, safe and efficient modalities for simulation-based training are highly warranted to enhance the quality of surgical education and should be incorporated in resident training. The aim of this study was to develop a patient-specific virtual cerebral aneurysm-clipping simulator with haptic force-feedback and real-time deformation of the aneurysm and vessels. METHODS: A prototype simulator was developed from 2012-2016. Evaluation of virtual clipping by blood flow simulation was integrated in this software and the prototype was evaluated by 18 neurosurgeons...
January 11, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336346/future-of-urology-training
#6
Selcuk Sarikaya, Aurus Dourado Meneses, Giovanni Enrico Cacciamani, Juan Gómez Rivas
Urology has become more complex through the years, as it comprises increasingly sophisticated medical and surgical technologies such as advanced medical tumour therapies, and endourological, laparoscopicand robotic surgical techniques. Training in urology starts during medical school and once a medical student chooses to specialize on it, becomes life-long. Becoming a good urologist requires a highly qualified education and sufficient experience. To devise a training programme of high proficiency, several important factors must be considered...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336341/-academic-opportunities-for-urology-residents-in-spain
#7
Maria J Ribal, Mireia Musquera
The development of an academic career gives a new dimension to the chosen specialty. It consists in combining clinical activity with teaching and research activity. In the area of surgical specialties there is currently a lack of academic positions which is necessary to overcome to maintain the quality standards. Residency and the immediate posterior period it is a good time to star our academic career. This side of our specialty demands an additional effort, great motivation, clear and determined objectives and especially dedication...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336340/-training-program-on-medical-urology-future-perspectives
#8
Javier Gil Moradillo, Fernando Cabrera Meiras, Manuel Alonso Isa, Alba Lara Isla, Juan Justo Quintas, Esther García Rojo, Daniel González Padilla, Borja García Gómez, José Medina Polo, Javier Romero Otero
Urology is defined as the medical-surgical specialty that includes the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions of the urinary system. It is well specified by the National Commission of Specialties that we must know the medical pathology that concerns us. However, on occasions, resident training focuses on the surgical field and oncological pathology, which, although one of the main pillars of the specialty, is usually to the detriment of training in medical and functional pathology. We conducted a survey of residents in the fourth year of Urology in Spain, where we asked about the quality of training in Andrology and Functional Urology...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336337/-training-program-in-endourological-surgery-future-perspectives
#9
Federico Soria, Felipe Villacampa, Alvaro Serrano, Jesús Moreno, Jorge Rioja, Francisco Miguel Sánchez
Current training in urological endoscopy lacks a specific training program. However, there is a clear need for a specific and uniform program, which will ensure the training, regardless of the unit where it is carried out. So, the goal is to first evaluate the current model and then bring improvements for update. The hospital training accreditation programme are only the adjustment of the official program of the urology specialty to the specific circumstances of each center, which causes variability in training of residents...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336328/needs-realities-and-expectations-for-urology-training-questionaire-based-study
#10
Selcuk Sarikaya
OBJECTIVE: Urology residency training is a difficult and complex education period for urology residents. This education period differs in countries and mainly for 5 years. In this study, we aimed to assess the expectations and the realities for Turkish urology residents and to evaluate the adequacy of their education in the field of urology. METHODS: In this study, 113 Turkish urology residents have been included and residents were asked 24 questions related with their surgical skills, thoughts towards their educations, their future plans and including demographic information...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336327/current-status-of-urological-training-in-europe
#11
Diego M Carrion, Juan Gómez Rivas, Francesco Esperto, Giulio Patruno, Juan L Vasquez
Modern urological training has changed drastically in the past years, due to the global surgical training trends, advances in technology, subspecialization of the field and, working hour regulations for doctors. The lack of a standardized curriculum across Europe, puts in evidence the great difference in the requirements in every country, from the start of the residency, to obtaining the accreditation. We sought to identify problems related to medical, scientific and surgical activity during urological training, and summarize data obtained from surveys realized during the European Urology Residents Education Programme (EUREP) in 2013, and from countries such as Germany, Italy and Spain...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336326/-current-status-of-urological-education-in-spain
#12
Juan Gómez Rivas, Ramiro Cabello-Benavente, Gonzalo Bueno-Serrano, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
INTRODUCTION: Urology is a medicalsurgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical conditions of the urinary tract and retroperitoneum in both sexes and of the male genital tract without age limit. The traditional method of training is based on the imitation of the skills and behaviors of the tutors, creating variability in the training between different centers and giving a passive role to resident internal physicians (MIR). LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK: The 2006 BOE establishes the specific formative content in its theoretical, practical and scientific facets...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#13
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334259/development-of-three-dimensional-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-model-for-patient-communication-and-young-neurosurgeon-education
#14
Mengqi Dong, Guangzhong Chen, Kun Qin, Xiaowen Ding, Dong Zhou, Chao Peng, Shaojian Zeng, Xianming Deng
PURPOSE: Rapid prototyping technology is used to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) models and facilitate presurgical patient communication and medical education for young surgeons. METHODS: Two intracranial AVM cases were selected for this study. Using 3D CT angiography or 3D rotational angiography images, the brain AVM models were reconstructed on personal computer and the rapid prototyping process was completed using a 3D printer...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333208/integrating-cadaver-needle-forces-into-a-haptic-robotic-simulator
#15
David F Pepley, Mary A Yovanoff, Katelin A Mirkin, Scarlett R Miller, David C Han, Jason Z Moore
Accurate force simulation is essential to haptic simulators for surgical training. Factors such as tissue inhomogeneity pose unique challenges for simulating needle forces. To aid in the development of haptic needle insertion simulators, a handheld force sensing syringe was created to measure the motion and forces of needle insertions. Five needle insertions were performed into the neck of a cadaver using the force sensing syringe. Based on these measurements a piecewise exponential needle force characterization, was implemented into a haptic central venous catheterization (CVC) simulator...
March 2018: Journal of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330711/boosting-tendon-repair-interplay-of-cells-growth-factors-and-scaffold-free-and-gel-based-carriers
#16
REVIEW
Zexing Yan, Heyong Yin, Michael Nerlich, Christian G Pfeifer, Denitsa Docheva
BACKGROUND: Tendons are dense connective tissues and critical components for the integrity and function of the musculoskeletal system. Tendons connect bone to muscle and transmit forces on which locomotion entirely depends. Due to trauma, overuse and age-related degeneration, many people suffer from acute or chronic tendon injuries. Owing to their hypovascularity and hypocellularity, tendinopathies remain a substantial challenge for both clinicians and researchers. Surgical treatment includes suture or transplantation of autograft, allograft or xenograft, and these serve as the most common technique for rescuing tendon injuries...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325763/clinical-experience-with-three-dimensional-printing-techniques-in-orthopedic-trauma
#17
Ji Wan Kim, Yongkoo Lee, Joonho Seo, Jai Hyung Park, Yong Min Seo, Sung Soo Kim, Hyun Chul Shon
BACKGROUND: To report our experiences with the use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in the field of orthopedic trauma. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 24 patients from three university teaching hospitals in whom 3D printing technique was applied: 14 patients with acetabular fractures and 10 patients with clavicular shaft fractures. We summarized our experiences with 3D printed bone models. RESULTS: Three-dimensional printed acetabular models improved understanding of complex acetabular anatomy and fracture pattern to plan the optimal positioning of a reduction clamp and the trajectory of screws...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323794/skills-transfer-to-sinus-surgery-via-a-low-cost-simulation-based-curriculum
#18
R Alex Harbison, Jennifer Dunlap, Ian M Humphreys, Greg E Davis
BACKGROUND: Surgical skill development outside the operating room aims to improve technique and subsequent patient safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between technical and cognitive skills with cadaveric endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performance and change in ESS performance before and after implementation of a dedicated ESS simulation-based and knowledge-based curriculum. METHODS: A before-after study design was implemented among 10 medical students and 10 junior otolaryngology residents...
January 11, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322173/association-of-surgical-practice-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-with-surgeon-training-in-university-or-nonuniversity-based-residency-program
#19
Morgan M Sellers, Luke J Keele, Catherine E Sharoky, Christopher Wirtalla, Elizabeth A Bailey, Rachel R Kelz
Importance: Important metrics of residency program success include the clinical outcomes achieved by trainees after transitioning to practice. Previous studies have shown significant differences in reported training experiences of general surgery residents at nonuniversity-based residency (NUBR) and university-based residency (UBR) programs. Objective: To examine the differences in practice patterns and clinical outcomes between surgeons trained in NUBR and those trained in UBR programs...
January 10, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319476/canmeds-scholars-a-national-survey-on-urology-residents-attitudes-towards-research-during-training
#20
Ogi Solaja, Thomas A A Skinner, Thomas B Mcgregor, D Robert Siemens
INTRODUCTION: Participation in scholarly activity is an important tenet of residency training and is firmly entrenched in Canada since the introduction of CANMEDS roles by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. As Canadian residency programs transition to competency-based training, it will remain important to understand how to best implement and encourage scholarly pursuits among resident trainees. The objective of this study was to understand the experiences, attitudes, and barriers that surgical residents face when pursuing research during their training...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
keyword
keyword
61763
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"