keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgical residents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158999/recurrent-primary-suprahepatic-abscess-due-to-providencia-stuartii-a-rare-phenomenon
#1
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157893/a-surgical-residency-preparatory-course-for-senior-medical-students-leads-to-earlier-independence-in-acgme-competencies
#2
Joshua A Wunder, Christopher P Brandt, Jeremy M Lipman
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether surgery residency preparatory courses lead to earlier independent practice. METHODS: A four-week surgical residency preparatory course was offered to graduating medical students. Upon entering residency, participants reported supervised and unsupervised performance of patient management and procedural competencies. Those who participated in the course (Group A) were compared with graduates from our institution who did not participate but entered surgery residency (Group B) and with residents from other medical schools in the same program as Group A (Group C)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154932/correlation-of-virtual-reality-simulation-and-dry-lab-robotic-technical-skills
#3
Laura K Newcomb, Megan S Bradley, Tracy Truong, Michelle Tang, Bryan Comstock, Yi-Ju Li, Anthony G Visco, Nazema Y Siddiqui
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a set of virtual reality (VR) surgical simulation drills have correlative validity when compared to the validated Robotic Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (R-OSATS) dry lab drills. DESIGN: A prospective methods comparison study (Canadian Task Force II-2). SETTING: A teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty current residents, fellows, and faculty from the departments of OB/GYN, Urology, and General Surgery...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153250/mental-skills-training-effectively-minimizes-operative-performance-deterioration-under-stressful-conditions-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
N E Anton, J Beane, A M Yurco, L D Howley, E Bean, E M Myers, D Stefanidis
BACKGROUND: Stress can negatively impact surgical performance, but mental skills may help. We hypothesized that a comprehensive mental skills curriculum (MSC) would minimize resident performance deterioration under stress. METHODS: Twenty-four residents were stratified then randomized to receive mental skills and FLS training (MSC group), or only FLS training (control group). Laparoscopic suturing skill was assessed on a live porcine model with and without external stressors...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153192/surgical-otoplasty-an-evidence-based-approach-to-prominent-ears-correction
#5
REVIEW
Kenneth J Stewart, Luca Lancerotto
Otoplasty is one of the first procedures learned during residency. A myriad of surgical techniques and nuances exist. Many have merit, some are ineffective, some destructive, and some frankly fanciful. Adopting an effective and safe technique should be based on proven efficacy and effectiveness to avoid early disappointments. We present a review of traditional otoplasty techniques and more recent innovations. Their pros and cons are discussed in view of the relative risks/benefits balance. Recurrence rates are low for most techniques...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152921/proximity-to-pediatric-cardiac-surgical-care-among-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects-in-11-new-york-counties
#6
Kristin M Sommerhalter, Tabassum Z Insaf, Tugba Akkaya-Hocagil, Claire E McGarry, Sherry L Farr, Karrie F Downing, George K Lui, Ali N Zaidi, Alissa R Van Zutphen
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with congenital heart defects (CHDs) discontinue cardiac care in adolescence, putting them at risk of adverse health outcomes. Because geographic barriers may contribute to cessation of care, we sought to characterize geographic access to comprehensive cardiac care among adolescents with CHDs. METHODS: Using a population-based, 11-county surveillance system of CHDs in New York, we characterized proximity to the nearest pediatric cardiac surgical care center among adolescents aged 11 to 19 years with CHDs...
November 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145968/effectiveness-of-a-step-by-step-oral-recount-before-a-practical-simulation-of-fracture-fixation
#7
Marcelo Abagge, Christiano Saliba Uliana, Sergei Taggesell Fischer, Kodi Edson Kojima
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a step-by-step oral recount by residents before the final execution of a practical exercise simulating a surgical fixation of a radial diaphyseal fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 10 residents of orthopaedics and traumatology (four second- year and six first-year residents) divided into two groups with five residents each. All participants initially gathered in a room in which a video was presented demonstrating the practical exercise to be performed...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141485/flexible-competency-based-medical-education-more-time-efficient-higher-costs
#8
Tiuri R van Rossum, Fedde Scheele, Henk E Sluiter, Peter J Bosman, Lotte Rijksen, Ide C Heyligers
The financing of postgraduate medical education (PGME) becomes an important topic. PGME is costly, and in most western countries is partly paid by public funding. One of the models that can help to reduce costs is time-variable PGME. Moving to true outcome-based education can lead to more efficient training programs while maintaining educational quality. We analyzed the financial effects of time-variable PGME by identifying the educational activities of PGME programs and comparing the costs and revenues of these activities in gynecology training as an example...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141086/use-of-entrustable-professional-activities-in-the-assessment-of-surgical-resident-competency
#9
Justin P Wagner, Catherine E Lewis, Areti Tillou, Vatche G Agopian, Chi Quach, Timothy R Donahue, O Joe Hines
Importance: Competency-based assessments of surgical resident performance require metrics of entrustable autonomy. Objectives: To designate entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in global performance and in specific operations, and to identify differences in perceived capability, autonomy, and expectations between surgical faculty and residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted from August 9, 2016, through August 24, 2016, in the Department of Surgery at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140816/the-role-of-small-incision-suture-less-cataract-surgery-in-the-developed-world
#10
Sanduk Ruit, Reeta Gurung, Shyam Vyas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) has recently gone through much refinement and fine tuning. It is often taken as an alternate option for phacoemulsification, especially in developing country. This review will present some insight on its applications especially for developed nations. The role of MSCIS in tackling complex cataracts with stony hard nucleus is fairly established. The role of training residents with MSCIS has certain advantages though debatable...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137723/the-promise-and-problems-of-non-physician-practitioners-in-general-surgery-education-results-of-a-multi-center-mixed-methods-study-of-faculty
#11
James E Coverdill, Jeff Scott Shelton, Adnan Alseidi, David C Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H Hartranft, Steven B Holsten, M Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M Shabahang, Stanley R Sherman, Paula M Termuhlen, Randy J Woods, John D Mellinger
BACKGROUND: Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants - called non-physician practitioners or NPPs - are common, but little is known about their educational promise and problems. METHODS: General surgery faculty in 13 residency programs were surveyed (N = 279 with a 71% response rate) and interviewed (N = 43) about experiences with NPPs. The survey documents overall patterns and differences by program type and primary service; interviews point to deeper rationales and concerns...
November 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137721/current-robotic-curricula-for-surgery-residents-a-need-for-additional-cognitive-and-psychomotor-focus
#12
Courtney A Green, Hueylan Chern, Patricia S O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Current robot surgery curricula developed by industry were designed for expert surgeons. We sought to identify the robotic curricula that currently exist in general surgery residencies and describe their components. METHODS: We identified 12 residency programs with robotic curricula. Using a structured coding form to identify themes including sequence, duration, emphasis and assessment, we generated a descriptive summary. RESULTS: Curricula followed a similar sequence: learners started with online modules and simulation exercises, followed by bedside experience during R2-R3 training years, and then operative opportunities on the console in the final years of training...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137720/improving-surgical-residents-communication-in-disclosing-complications-a-qualitative-analysis-of-simulated-physician-and-patient-surrogate-conversations
#13
Carolina Fernandez Branson, Jeffrey G Chipman
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explore surgical resident communication with simulated patient surrogates (SPs), in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). METHODS: We use discourse analysis (DA), a qualitative approach to analyzing language, to evaluate our residents' interactions with simulated patient surrogates. After identifying problematic communication patterns, we apply communication theory to discuss our findings and provide suggestions for improvement...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135593/ultrasound-guided-dynamic-needle-tip-positioning-technique-versus-palpation-technique-for-radial-arterial-cannulation-in-adult-surgical-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Roy K Kiberenge, Kenichi Ueda, Brett Rosauer
BACKGROUND: Radial arterial cannulation is most commonly done using palpation, but the use of ultrasound has increased the cannulation success rate. This improvement, albeit significant, has not led to a very high success rate especially in trainees. A modified ultrasound technique for vascular cannulation (dynamic needle tip positioning) has been described for peripheral venous cannulation. We therefore assessed the success rate of this technique compared to the palpation technique for radial artery cannulation in adult surgical patients...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135474/inside-baseball-leveling-the-playing-field-in-the-surgical-residency-selection-process
#15
Robert S D Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#16
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133335/barriers-and-facilitators-to-learn-and-improve-through-morbidity-and-mortality-conferences-a-qualitative-study
#17
Marit S de Vos, Jaap F Hamming, Perla J Marang-van de Mheen
OBJECTIVES: To explore barriers and facilitators to successful morbidity and mortality conferences (M&M), driving learning and improvement. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study with semistructured interviews. Inductive, thematic content analysis was used to identify barriers and facilitators, which were structured across a pre-existing framework for change in healthcare. SETTING: Dutch academic surgical department with a long tradition of M&M...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130876/efficacy-of-arthroscopic-teaching-methods-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Luke Robinson, Jonathon Spanyer, Zachary Yenna, Patrick Burchell, Andrew Garber, John Riehl
Arthroscopic education research recently has been focused on the use of skills labs to facilitate resident education and objective measure development to gauge technical skill. This study evaluates the effectiveness of three different teaching methods. Medical students were randomized into three groups. The first group received only classroom-based lecture. The second group received the same lecture and 28 minutes of lab-based hands-off arthroscopy instruction using a cadaver and arthroscopy setup. The final group received the same lecture and 7 minutes of hands-on arthroscopy instruction in the lab on a cadaver knee...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129336/-cost-of-teaching-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-hospital
#19
R Benzekri, J Marie-Louise, S Chahed
INTRODUCTION: The gold standard of cataract surgery, phacoemulsification is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in France. Surgical instruction often takes place in the operating room where residents and fellows perform real surgery, supervised by an experienced surgeon. The goals of this study were double: evaluate surgical times according to the person performing the surgery, in order to quantitate the cost incurred by teaching and compare complication rate between surgeons...
November 9, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129263/variation-in-post-discharge-opioid-prescriptions-among-members-of-a-surgical-team
#20
Eddie Blay, Michael J Nooromid, Karl Y Bilimoria, Jane L Holl, Bruce Lambert, Julie K Johnson, Jonah J Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Surgeons play a pivotal role in the opioid epidemic but it is unknown how different members of a surgical team vary in the way they prescribe opioids after surgical episodes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all inpatient discharges for 5 common surgeries. Total number of tablets and total milligram equivalents (MME) prescribed were calculated and differences in prescription patterns were determined for attending surgeons, surgical residents and advanced practice providers...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
61763
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"