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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921190/elearning-resources-to-supplement-postgraduate-neurosurgery-training
#1
Martin N Stienen, Karl Schaller, Hannah Cock, Vitalie Lisnic, Luca Regli, Simon Thomson
BACKGROUND: In an increasingly complex and competitive professional environment, improving methods to educate neurosurgical residents is key to ensure high-quality patient care. Electronic (e)Learning resources promise interactive knowledge acquisition. We set out to give a comprehensive overview on available eLearning resources that aim to improve postgraduate neurosurgical training and review the available literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MEDLINE query was performed, using the search term "electronic AND learning AND neurosurgery"...
December 5, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#2
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918400/a-strategic-approach-for-developing-an-advanced-practice-workforce-from-postgraduate-transition-to-practice-fellowship-programs-and-beyond
#3
Dennis A Taylor, Britney S Broyhill, Allison M Burris, Mary Ann Wilcox
The healthcare provider landscape is rapidly changing. Given the imminent retirement of baby boomer physicians, implementation of the Affordable Care Act, and the increased utilization of health care services by an ever-aging population, the supply of providers cannot keep pace with the demand for services. This has led to an increased utilization of advanced clinical practitioners (ACPs). This article shows how one large highly-matrixed health care system approached identifying this workforce, and how thought leaders worked collaboratively with physicians, administrators, and ACPs to meet a growing demand for providers...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914679/postgraduate-education-in-radiation-oncology-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
J G Eriksen
Radiation therapy is one of the most cost-effective ways to treat cancer patients on both a curative and palliative basis in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite this, the gap in radiation oncology capacity is enormous and is even increasing due to a rapid rise in the incidence of cancer cases in LMICs. The urgent need for radiotherapy resources in terms of bunkers and megavoltage machines is important, but equally important is the tremendous lack of properly educated health care professionals...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#5
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904260/sonographic-identification-of-peripheral-nerves-in-the-forearm
#6
Saundra A Jackson, Charlotte Derr, Anthony De Lucia, Marvin Harris, Zuheily Closser, Branko Miladinovic, Rahul Mhaskar, Theresa Jorgensen, Lori Green
BACKGROUND: With the growing utilization of ultrasonography in emergency medicine combined with the concern over adequate pain management in the emergency department (ED), ultrasound guidance for peripheral nerve blockade in ED is an area of increasing interest. The medical literature has multiple reports supporting the use of ultrasound guidance in peripheral nerve blocks. However, to perform a peripheral nerve block, one must first be able to reliably identify the specific nerve before the procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904237/do-physiotherapists-have-the-skill-to-engage-in-the-psychological-in-the-bio-psychosocial-approach
#7
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: To describe a cross-sectional exploration of attitudes of physiotherapists in general practice in Western Australia toward psychiatry and mental illness, how often they treat people with mental illness, their perceptions of how well their undergraduate education prepared them to work with these people, and their opinions about what further education would enable them to provide best-practice care. Methods: A questionnaire that included questions about participants' demographic information, personal experiences with mental illness, the Attitudes to Psychiatry (ATP-30), and open-ended questions about participants' preparedness to work with people with mental illness was distributed through 110 email contacts to physiotherapy departments in Western Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896914/an-innovative-textbook-design-and-implementation
#8
Rafael Ortega, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Paul Barash, Sam Sharar, M Christine Stock
BACKGROUND: The 'flipped classroom' instructional strategy has gained much momentum in educational discourse, yet no single educational offering exists in postgraduate medical education (PME) to systematically replace the lecture element of didactic sessions. This article describes the design and implementation of Clinical Anesthesia Fundamentals, the first known textbook in PME addressing this gap in resources through the integration of full-length interactive multimedia-enhanced video lectures...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896691/a-pilot-study-of-the-chronology-of-present-illness-restructuring-the-hpi-to-improve-physician-cognition-and-communication
#9
Laura M Mazer, Tina Storage, Sylvia Bereknyei, Jeffrey Chi, Kelley Skeff
BACKGROUND: Patient history-taking is an essential clinical skill, with effects on diagnostic reasoning, patient-physician relationships, and more. We evaluated the impact of using a structured, timeline-based format, the Chronology of Present Illness (CPI), to guide the initial patient interaction. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and impact of the CPI on the patient interview, written notes, and communication with other providers. DESIGN: Internal medicine residents used the CPI during a 2-week night-float rotation...
November 28, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895879/evaluation-of-stress-scores-throughout-radiological-biopsies
#10
Ozlem Turkoglu, Hasan Huseyin Mutlu
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures are the most prominent methods that increase the trauma, stress and anxiety experienced by the patients. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to examine the level of stress in patients waiting for radiologic biopsy procedures and determine the stress and anxiety level arising from waiting for a biopsy procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 35 female and 65 male patients who were admitted to the interventional radiology department of Kartal Dr...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895840/the-malawi-hybrid-medical-graduates-1992-1998
#11
Adelola Adeloye
In April 1991, the Malawi College of Medicine opened its doors to Malawi medical students who had undertaken all but the final year of their undergraduate training in the United Kingdom. The first batch qualified with the MB BS degrees of the University of Malawi in September 1992. Since then and up to July 1998, 112 doctors have been produced. They are all Malawians, 90 males and 22 females, 29%, 31% and 40% respectively come from the Northern, Central and Southern regions of Malawi. Seventy-one per cent of the graduates had passed through Chancellor College, Zomba, and 27% had attended the Kamuzu Academy, Kasunga, Malawi...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895830/development-of-a-subspecialty-cardiology-curriculum-for-paediatric-registrars-in-malawi-implementation-of-a-long-distance-hybrid-model
#12
Laura Newberry, Neil Kennedy, Elizabeth A Greene
BACKGROUND: Malawi has a high burden of paediatric cardiac disease but a limited number of health providers familiar with these chronic diseases. Given the rising number of Malawian postgraduate paediatric trainees at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, we sought to remedy this lack of basic cardiology training with a long-distance, module-based curriculum that could be utilised independently, as needed, with on-site teaching. We also wished to evaluate the initial modules for utility and improvement in knowledge and confidence in each topic...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891353/association-of-c-reactive-protein-rs1205-gene-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-to-psoriasis-in-south-indian-tamils
#13
Anjana Sudhesan, Medha Rajappa, Laxmisha Chandrashekar, Palghat Hariharan Ananthanarayanan, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Santhosh Satheesh, Adithan Chandrasekaran, Panneer Devaraju
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a multi-factorial heritable T-helper Th-1/Th-17 mediated inflammatory disease, affecting the skin. It is associated with co-morbidities such as Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a good inflammatory marker. CRP rs1205 polymorphism is associated with circulating plasma CRP levels. Although there is association between the rs1205 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and CVD, there are no prior reports regarding the association of CRP rs1205 SNP with psoriasis susceptibility...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890870/improving-the-quality-of-postgraduate-education-in-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-for-junior-residents-an-exploratory-survey-conducted-in-five-institutions-in-the-tohoku-area
#14
Shin Takayama, Seiichi Kobayashi, Soichiro Kaneko, Masao Tabata, Shinya Sato, Keiichi Ishikawa, Saya Suzuki, Ryutaro Arita, Natsumi Saito, Tetsuharu Kamiya, Hitoshi Nishikawa, Yuka Ikeno, Junichi Tanaka, Minoru Ohsawa, Akiko Kikuchi, Takehiro Numata, Hitoshi Kuroda, Michiaki Abe, Satoru Ishibashi, Nobuo Yaegashi, Tadashi Ishii
Traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine has been widely applied in general medicine in Japan. In 2001, the model core curriculum for Japanese medical education was revised to include Kampo medicine. Since 2007, all 80 Japanese medical schools have incorporated it within their programs. However, postgraduate training or instruction of Kampo medicine has not been recognized as a goal for the clinical training of junior residents by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; little is known about postgraduate Kampo medicine education...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886973/using-the-acgme-milestones-for-resident-self-evaluation-and-faculty-engagement
#15
REVIEW
Andreas H Meier, Angelika Gruessner, Robert N Cooney
BACKGROUND: Since July 2014 General Surgery residency programs have been required to use the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones twice annually to assess the progress of their trainees. We felt this change was a great opportunity to use this new evaluation tool for resident self-assessment and to furthermore engage the faculty in the educational efforts of the program. METHODS: We piloted the milestones with postgraduate year (PGY) II and IV residents during the 2013/2014 academic year to get faculty and residents acquainted with the instrument...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886970/surgical-residency-recruitment-opportunities-for-improvement
#16
REVIEW
Amit R T Joshi, Daniel Vargo, Amy Mathis, Jeffrey N Love, Teena Dhir, Paula M Termuhlen
INTRODUCTION: The Association of Program Directors in Surgery convened a panel during Surgical Education Week 2016 to discuss the current state of the general surgery residency application process and to review alternative ways to evaluate the suitability of each applicant to a residency program. METHODS/RESULTS: Over 40,000 applicants registered for the National Resident Matching Program's 2016 Main Residency Match. General Surgery had 2345 applicants for 1241 categorical postgraduate year (PGY)-1 positions, and 1239 of those positions were filled when the matching algorithm was processed...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#17
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884804/gender-based-differences-in-surgical-residents-perceptions-of-patient-safety-continuity-of-care-and-well-being-an-analysis-from-the-flexibility-in-duty-hour-requirements-for-surgical-trainees-first-trial
#18
Kristen A Ban, Jeanette W Chung, Richard S Matulewicz, Rachel R Kelz, Judy A Shea, Allison R Dahlke, Christopher Quinn, Anthony D Yang, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Little is known about gender differences in residency training experiences and whether duty hour policies affect these differences. Using data from the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial, we (1) examined gender differences in surgical resident perceptions of patient safety, education, health/well-being, and job satisfaction and (2) assessed whether duty hour policies affected gender differences. STUDY DESIGN: We compared proportions of male and female residents expressing dissatisfaction or perceiving a negative effect of duty hours on aspects of residency training (patient safety, resident education, well-being, job satisfaction) overall and by postgraduate year (PGY)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#19
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882788/why-we-need-more-research-into-interprofessional-education
#20
Marian Traynor, Despina Galanouli, John Gardner, Richard Corry
Interprofessional education (IPE) has long been considered an important means of improving communication and interaction between health professionals and of addressing patient safety concerns. This study aimed to explore whether a high-fidelity (HF) simulator could enhance a postgraduate IPE session on team-working and communication skills. A convenience sample of six doctors and six nurses, all recently qualified and working in an acute care setting, participated in teams of one nurse and one doctor in a typical clinical case scenario using a HF simulator...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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