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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154379/proposed-in-training-electrocardiogram-interpretation-competencies-for-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-trainees
#1
Pavel Antiperovitch, Wojciech Zareba, Jonathan S Steinberg, Ljuba Bacharova, Larisa G Tereshchenko, Jeronimo Farre, Kjell Nikus, Takanori Ikeda, Adrian Baranchuk
Despite its importance in everyday clinical practice, the ability of physicians to interpret electrocardiograms (ECGs) is highly variable. ECG patterns are often misdiagnosed, and electrocardiographic emergencies are frequently missed, leading to adverse patient outcomes. Currently, many medical education programs lack an organized curriculum and competency assessment to ensure trainees master this essential skill. ECG patterns that were previously mentioned in literature were organized into groups from A to D based on their clinical importance and distributed among levels of training...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153827/compassion-satisfaction-and-fatigue-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-intensive-care-nurses
#2
Samantha Jakimowicz, Lin Perry, Joanne Lewis
BACKGROUND: Compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue influence nurses' intention to stay or leave nursing. Identification of compassion satisfaction or fatigue in critical care nurses is important in this high turnover workforce. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine factors predicting and contributing to compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue experienced by critical care nurses in Australian intensive care units. METHODS: A self-reported cross-sectional survey using an established tool collected data from critical care nurses of two adult Australian intensive care units...
November 16, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151056/between-professional-values-social-regulations-and-patient-preferences-medical-doctors-perceptions-of-ethical-dilemmas
#3
Berit Bringedal, Karin Isaksson Rø, Morten Magelssen, Reidun Førde, Olaf Gjerløv Aasland
BACKGROUND: We present and discuss the results of a Norwegian survey of medical doctors' views on potential ethical dilemmas in professional practice. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2015 as a postal questionnaire to a representative sample of 1612 doctors, among which 1261 responded (78%). We provided a list of 41 potential ethical dilemmas and asked whether each was considered a dilemma, and whether the doctor would perform the task, if in a position to do so...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150417/using-facebook-to-recruit-young-australian-men-into-a-cross-sectional-human-papillomavirus-study
#4
Roopa Das, Dorothy A Machalek, Edmund G Molesworth, Suzanne M Garland
BACKGROUND: Young men can be difficult to engage in health research using traditional methods of recruitment. Social networking sites are increasingly being used to recruit participants into health research, due to their cost effectiveness, overall generalizability, and wide reach. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using Facebook to recruit young Australian men into a human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence study. METHODS: We recruited male permanent residents of Australia, aged 18 to 35 years, into the HPV in Young Males (HYM) study through targeted advertising placed on Facebook...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146646/cross-sectional-study-of-the-financial-cost-of-training-to-the-surgical-trainee-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#5
John O'Callaghan, Helen M Mohan, Anna Sharrock, Vimal Gokani, J Edward Fitzgerald, Adam P Williams, Rhiannon L Harries
OBJECTIVES: Applications for surgical training have declined over the last decade, and anecdotally the costs of training at the expense of the surgical trainee are rising. We aimed to quantify the costs surgical trainees are expected to cover for postgraduate training. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A non-mandatory online questionnaire for UK-based trainees was distributed nationally...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145835/global-health-education-in-united-states-anesthesiology-residency-programs-a-survey-of-resident-opportunities-and-program-director-attitudes
#6
Gunisha Kaur, Sheida Tabaie, Jasmit Brar, Virginia Tangel, Kane O Pryor
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health during postgraduate residency training is increasing across medical specialties, and multiple disciplines have categorized global health training opportunities in their arena. No such cataloging exists for anesthesiology residency programs. The aim of this study was to assess and characterize global health opportunities and the attitudes of program directors (PDs) in U.S. anesthesiology residency programs towards this training. METHODS: A cross-sectional 20-question survey on global health opportunities was distributed to 128 ACGME accredited anesthesiology residency program directors via email between October 2015 and January 2016...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141733/interprofessional-collaboration-between-mental-health-counselors-and-nurses
#7
Akhtar Ebrahimi Ghassemi
The continuous and rapid evolution of medical technology and the complexity of delivering person-centered care in the 21st century calls for collaboration among health care professionals. Global health now "involves many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences and promotes interdisciplinary collaboration; and is a synthesis of population-based prevention with individual-clinical care" (Koplan et al., 2009, p. 1995). The need for mental health practitioners to work in interprofessional contexts requires graduate and postgraduate programs to incorporate interprofessional education into their student training...
November 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141485/flexible-competency-based-medical-education-more-time-efficient-higher-costs
#8
Tiuri R van Rossum, Fedde Scheele, Henk E Sluiter, Peter J Bosman, Lotte Rijksen, Ide C Heyligers
The financing of postgraduate medical education (PGME) becomes an important topic. PGME is costly, and in most western countries is partly paid by public funding. One of the models that can help to reduce costs is time-variable PGME. Moving to true outcome-based education can lead to more efficient training programs while maintaining educational quality. We analyzed the financial effects of time-variable PGME by identifying the educational activities of PGME programs and comparing the costs and revenues of these activities in gynecology training as an example...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141084/association-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-objective-indicators-of-educational-attainment-a-nationwide-register-based-sibling-control-study
#9
Ana Pérez-Vigil, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Gustaf Brander, Kayoko Isomura, Andreas Jangmo, Inna Feldman, Eva Hesselmark, Eva Serlachius, Luisa Lázaro, Christian Rück, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: To our knowledge, the association of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and academic performance has not been objectively quantified. Objective: To investigate the association of OCD with objectively measured educational outcomes in a nationwide cohort, adjusting for covariates and unmeasured factors shared between siblings. Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included 2 115 554 individuals who were born in Sweden between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1998, and followed up through December 31, 2013...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#10
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137508/health-professional-education-and-universal-health-coverage-a-summary-of-challenges-and-selected-case-studies
#11
Arthika Sripathy, Joachim Marti, Hannah Patel, Javaid I Sheikh, Ara W Darzi
Low- and middle-income countries are experiencing serious shortages in meeting health workforce requirements for universal health coverage. We examine how national-level policies can address these deficiencies and support the development of an appropriately skilled health workforce in line with population needs. We discuss three innovative, government-led solutions that are designed to align health workforce training with the demands of universal health coverage. Specifically, we discuss two initiatives to train and retain doctors in rural areas of Thailand, the large-scale training of community health workers within multidisciplinary primary health care teams in Brazil, and the introduction of a postgraduate diploma program in primary care for nurses in India...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136048/-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-and-dental-students-in-the-netherlands
#12
J J M Bruers, L E C M Trommelen, P Hawi, H S Brand
In this study, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dentists and dental students in the Netherlands was inventoried by means of 2 corresponding web surveys. 196 (25% response) dentists and 359 (40% response) dental students participated. 80% of the dentists and 95% of the dental students reported to have suffered from pain in muscles and joints in the last 12 months. In particular, they mentioned complaints of the neck, the shoulders and the lower back. Dental students also frequently reported complaints of the upper back...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135744/digital-technologies-in-occupational-therapy-and-physiotherapy-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-education-a-scoping-review-protocol
#13
Benita Olivier, Michele Verdonck, Daleen Casteleijn
How have digital technologies been used in occupational therapy and physiotherapy undergraduate and postgraduate education?Specifically, the objective of this scoping review is to present an overview of research on the use of digital technologies in terms of type of digital technology used, pedagogy associated with the use of digital technology, subject/topic/area of application, experiences/perception of digital technology used, outcomes of the digital technology used and challenges to the use of digital technologies in occupational therapy and physiotherapy undergraduate and postgraduate education...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132018/the-provision-of-accredited-higher-education-on-dementia-in-six-european-countries-an-exploratory-study
#14
Simona Hvalič-Touzery, Brigita Skela-Savič, Rhoda Macrae, Anna Jack-Waugh, Debbie Tolson, Amanda Hellström, Wilson de Abreu, Katja Pesjak
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified developing the knowledge and skills of healthcare professionals who are involved in dementia care as a priority. Most healthcare professionals lack the necessary knowledge, skills and understanding to provide high quality dementia care. While dementia education amongst most UK university health and social care programmes is inconsistent, we know little about the provision of dementia education in European universities. OBJECTIVES: To examine the provision of accredited higher education on dementia in European countries, to illustrate that it is highly variable despite universities being the major provider of education for healthcare professionals internationally...
November 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127644/erasmus-mundus-master-of-bioethics-a-case-for-an-effective-model-for-international-bioethics-education
#15
Jan Piasecki, Kevin Dirksen, Hamilton Inbadas
Designing bioethics curriculum for international postgraduate students is a challenging task. There are at least two main questions, which have to be resolved in advance: (1) what is a purpose of a particular teaching program and (2) how to respectfully arrange a classroom for students coming from different cultural and professional backgrounds. In our paper we analyze the case of the Erasmus Mundus Master of Bioethics program and provide recommendations for international bioethics education. In our opinion teaching bioethics to postgraduate international students goes beyond curriculum...
November 10, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127018/curriculum-using-the-in-situ-operating-room-setting
#16
Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Kathleen O'Connor, Elijah Riddle, Daniel T Dempsey, Joshua Atkins, Dimitry Baranov, Gregory Motuk, Ari D Brooks, Noel Williams, Jon Morris, Kristoffel Dumon
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery is a comprehensive, simulation-based curriculum for General Surgery residents which exists in 3 phases. While phases 1 and 2 deal with core skills and advanced procedures respectively, phase 3 targets team-based skills. To date, the 3rd phase of this curriculum has not seen wide scale implementation. This is a pilot study to verify the feasibility of implementing the phase 3 curriculum in the in-situ setting...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126356/twelve-tips-for-embedding-human-factors-and-ergonomics-principles-in-healthcare-education
#17
Helen Vosper, Sue Hignett, Paul Bowie
Safety and improvement efforts in healthcare education and practice are often limited by inadequate attention to human factors/ergonomics (HFE) principles and methods. Integration of HFE theory and approaches within undergraduate curricula, postgraduate training and healthcare improvement programs will enhance both the performance of care systems (productivity, safety, efficiency, quality) and the well-being (experiences, joy, satisfaction, health and safety) of all the people (patients, staff, visitors) interacting with these systems...
November 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124715/the-relationship-between-psychological-distress-and-perception-of-emotional-support-in-medical-students-and-residents-and-implications-for-educational-institutions
#18
Alan McLuckie, Katherine M Matheson, Ashley L Landers, Jeff Landine, Jason Novick, Tessa Barrett, Gina Dimitropoulos
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is pervasive among medical students and residents (MSR) and is associated with academic under-performance, decreased empathy, burnout, and suicidal ideation. To date, there has been little examination of how demographic and socioeconomic factors influence trainee's psychological distress levels, despite suggestion that financial concerns are a common source of stress. Recent Canadian studies examining the prevalence of distress, burnout, and resilience in MSR are limited...
November 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123346/estimation-of-need-for-palliative-care-among-noncancer-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#19
Parvathy Prasad, Sonali Sarkar, Biswajit Dubashi, S Adinarayanan
Context: Palliative care services, until recently, were mainly restricted to cancer patients with incurable diseases. Hence, evaluative studies of palliative care are sparse in areas other than oncology. Aims: To estimate what proportion of patients attending the Departments of Neurology, Cardiology, and Nephrology of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, required palliative care and to identify the palliative care needs of those patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120712/demarcation-line-depth-after-contact-lens-assisted-corneal-crosslinking-for%C3%A2-progressive-keratoconus-comparison-of%C3%A2-dextran-based-and-hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose-based-riboflavin-solutions
#20
Chintan Malhotra, Arun K Jain, Amit Gupta, Jagat Ram, Balamurugan Ramatchandirane, Deepika Dhingra, Kulbhushan Sachdeva, Amit Kumar
PURPOSE: To compare the demarcation line depth after contact lens-assisted corneal crosslinking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus using dextran-based and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC)-based riboflavin solutions. SETTING: Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients with preoperative epithelium-on (epi-on) minimum corneal thickness between 350 μm and 450 μm having contact lens-assisted CXL for progressive keratoconus were crosslinked with isoosmolar 0...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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