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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776452/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-registered-general-nurses-a-case-of-a-large-central-hospital-in-harare-zimbabwe
#1
M Chiwaridzo, V Makotore, J M Dambi, N Munambah, M Mhlanga
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a common cause of morbidity affecting occupational individuals such as health-care professionals. However, nothing is known about WMSDs in hospital nurses in Zimbabwe. This study was conducted to provide cross-sectional evidence of the 12-month prevalence, consequences and factors associated with WMSDs among 208 nurses at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals (PGH). RESULTS: The response rate for the study was 55...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765259/shadowing-emergency-medicine-residents-by-medical-education-specialists-to-provide-feedback-on-non-medical-knowledge-based-acgme-sub-competencies
#2
Anna L Waterbrook, Karen C Spear Ellinwood, T Gail Pritchard, Karen Bertels, Ariel C Johnson, Alice Min, Lisa R Stoneking
Objective: Non-medical knowledge-based sub-competencies (multitasking, professionalism, accountability, patient-centered communication, and team management) are challenging for a supervising emergency medicine (EM) physician to evaluate in real-time on shift while also managing a busy emergency department (ED). This study examines residents' perceptions of having a medical education specialist shadow and evaluate their nonmedical knowledge skills. Methods: Medical education specialists shadowed postgraduate year 1 and postgraduate year 2 EM residents during an ED shift once per academic year...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#3
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760364/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-based-on-the-patient-oriented-pharmacology-personal-drug-p-drug-and-integrated-drug-idrug
#4
Toshihiko Yanagita
The installation of nursing colleges/universities has rapidly increased from the late 1990s, there are 255 institutions in Japan as of 2017. Pharmacology and clinical pharmacology education in undergraduate and postgraduate nursing colleges/universities is highly important, however, the lack of human resources involved in pharmacology education due to the rapid increase of nursing colleges/universities cannot be denied. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan established a 〝nursing education model core curriculum〟 for quality assurance of education at nursing colleges/universities...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756556/mapping-the-scope-of-occupational-therapy-practice-in-palliative-care-a-european-association-for-palliative-care-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Gail Eva, Deidre Morgan
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists play an integral role in the care of people with life-limiting illnesses. However, little is known about the scope of occupational therapy service provision in palliative care across Europe and factors influencing service delivery. AIM: This study aimed to map the scope of occupational therapy palliative care interventions across Europe and to explore occupational therapists' perceptions of opportunities and challenges when delivering and developing palliative care services...
May 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756061/anaesthesiology-trainees-and-their-needs-a-romanian-perspective-results-from-a-european-survey
#6
Liana Valeanu, Mihai Stefan, Diogo Sobreira Fernandes, Michela Rauseo, Bernardo Matias, Cornelia Predoi, Serban Bubenek, Daniela Filipescu
Anaesthesiology training is going through continuous transformations worldwide. Recent data from a European Survey on anaesthesiology postgraduate trainees and their concerns have been published for the first time, following an initiative by the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Among the responders of this survey, 10.8% were represented by Romanian trainees. The main needs of the Romanian anaesthesiology trainees who completed the questionnaire were, in descending order educational contents/EDAIC, technical skills, exchange programmes, residency workload, residency costs and autonomy transition...
April 2018: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754467/teaching-treatment-planning-for-protons-with-educational-open-source-software-experience-with-foca-and-matrad
#7
Daniel Sanchez-Parcerisa, Jose Udías
Open-source, MATLAB-based treatment planning systems FoCa and matRAD were used in a pilot project for training prospective medical physicists and postgraduate physics students in treatment planning and beam modeling techniques for proton therapy. In the four exercises designed, students learnt how proton pencil beams are modeled and how dose is calculated in three-dimensional voxelized geometries, how pencil beam scanning plans (PBS) are constructed, the rationale behind the choice of spot spacing in patient plans, and the dosimetric differences between photon IMRT and proton PBS plans...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754105/motivational-factors-influencing-nurses-to-undertake-postgraduate-hospital-based-education
#8
Danny Kinsella, Margaret Fry, Alison Zecchin
Specialist postgraduate education improves patient health outcomes, and assists in meeting the emerging specialisation of nursing practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivational factors that influence nurses' engagement with hospital-based postgraduate education. The research design was descriptive and exploratory, using a survey method. The survey consisted of demographic details, the Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) and open-ended questions. Thirty-four participants (100%) completed the survey...
May 1, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741248/challenges-to-laboratory-hematology-practice-egypt-perspective
#9
REVIEW
S H Rizk
Laboratory hematology is an integral part of all clinical laboratories along the extensive healthcare facilities in Egypt. The aim of this review is to portrait the laboratory hematology practice in Egypt including its unique socioeconomic background, blood disease pattern, education and training, regulatory oversight, and the related challenges. Current practice varies widely between different parts of the healthcare system in terms of the range of tests, applied techniques, workforce experience, and quality of service...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740847/junior-doctors-perspectives-on-transfusion-education-in-australia
#10
C J Flores, B Quested, T Spigiel, A Thomson, B Saxon
BACKGROUND: Early postgraduate training is a critical period to develop skills and to influence future clinical practice. Little is known about Australian junior doctors' existing transfusion knowledge and its application in patient care. This study explored their transfusion practice education preferences, developed tools to assist their practice and assessed the usefulness of these tools. METHODS: A design-based study was conducted in two phases from April 2016 to March 2017...
May 8, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731569/bibliometric-analysis-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-cytology-related-articles-published-in-a-cytology-journal-from-india
#11
Thorakkal Shamim
Background: There is a paucity of information about the oral and maxillofacial cytology-related articles published in a cytology journal. Journal of Cytology (JOC) is the official publication of Indian Academy of Cytologists. Objective: This study aimed to audit the oral and maxillofacial cytology-related articles published in JOC from 2007 to 2015 over a 9-year period. Materials and Methods: Bibliometric analysis of issues of JOC from 2007 to 2015 was performed using web-based search...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730649/diagnostic-accuracy-in-family-medicine-residents-using-a-clinical-decision-support-system-dxplain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Adrian Israel Martinez-Franco, Melchor Sanchez-Mendiola, Juan Jose Mazon-Ramirez, Isaias Hernandez-Torres, Carlos Rivero-Lopez, Troy Spicer, Adrian Martinez-Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is an essential skill in physicians, required to address the challenges of accurate patient diagnoses. The goal of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy in Family Medicine residents, with and without the use of a clinical decision support tool (DXplain http://www.mghlcs.org/projects/dxplain). METHODS: A total of 87 first-year Family Medicine residents, training at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) Postgraduate Studies Division in Mexico City, participated voluntarily in the study...
May 7, 2018: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730215/inter-rater-reliability-for-metrics-scored-in-a-binary-fashion-performance-assessment-for-an-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#13
Anthony G Gallagher, Richard K N Ryu, Robert A Pedowitz, Patrick Henn, Richard L Angelo
PURPOSE: To determine the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of a procedure-specific checklist scored in a binary fashion for the evaluation of surgical skill and whether it meets a minimum level of agreement (≥0.8 between 2 raters) required for high-stakes assessment. METHODS: In a prospective randomized and blinded fashion, and after detailed assessment training, 10 Arthroscopy Association of North America Master/Associate Master faculty arthroscopic surgeons (in 5 pairs) with an average of 21 years of surgical experience assessed the video-recorded 3-anchor arthroscopic Bankart repair performance of 44 postgraduate year 4 or 5 residents from 21 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education orthopaedic residency training programs from across the United States...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727347/a-standardized-handoff-simulation-promotes-recovery-from-auditory-distractions-in-resident-physicians
#14
Lukas H Matern, Jeanne M Farnan, Kristen W Hirsch, Melissa Cappaert, Ellen S Byrne, Vineet M Arora
INTRODUCTION: Despite the increasing use of training simulations to teach and assess resident handoffs, simulations that approximate realistic hospital conditions with distractions are lacking. This study explores the effects of a novel simulation-based training intervention on resident handoff performance in the face of prevalent hospital interruptions. METHODS: After a preliminary educational module, entering postgraduate year 1 residents (interns) completed one of the following three handoff simulations: (1) no interruption, (2) hospital noise, or (3) noise and pager interruptions...
April 30, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726312/learning-how-to-learn-using-simulation-unpacking-disguised-feedback-using-a-qualitative-analysis-of-doctors-telephone-talk
#15
Walter J Eppich, Jan-Joost Rethans, Timothy Dornan, Pim W Teunissen
INTRODUCTION: Telephone talk between clinicians represents a substantial workplace activity in postgraduate clinical education, yet junior doctors receive little training in goal-directed, professional telephone communication. AIM: To assess educational needs for telephone talk and develop a simulation-based educational intervention. METHODS: Thematic analysis of 17 semi-structured interviews with doctors-in-training from various training levels and specialties...
May 4, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724674/chest-x-ray-interpretation-by-radiographers-is-not-inferior-to-radiologists-a-multireader-multicase-comparison-using-jafroc-jack-knife-alternative-free-response-receiver-operating-characteristics-analysis
#16
Nick Woznitza, Keith Piper, Stephen Burke, Graham Bothamley
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Chest X-rays (CXR) are one of the most frequently requested imaging examinations and are fundamental to many patient pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of CXR interpretation by reporting radiographers (technologists). METHODS: A cohort of consultant radiologists (n = 10) and reporting radiographers (technologists; n = 11) interpreted a bank (n = 106) of adult CXRs that contained a range of pathologies...
April 30, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724525/opioid-prescribing-where-should-academic-emergency-departments-focus-their-efforts
#17
William A Woods, Mary S Warlaumont, John P Riordan
BACKGROUND: Opioid prescriptions from the emergency department (ED) are being heavily scrutinized. This has resulted in prescribing guidelines and laws. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the "current state" of opioid prescribing practices by emergency medicine (EM) trainees to gain understanding where operational, educational, or supervisory efforts should be directed to comply with current guidelines and future legislation. METHODS: Our retrospective, observational, study was performed at an academic ED with an annual census of 61,289 visits...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715255/an-emergency-medicine-residency-for-nurse-practitioners-the-new-york-presbyterian-weill-cornell-medicine-experience
#18
Flavio G Gaudio, Rosa Borensztein
Growing numbers of nurse practitioners (NPs) are entering emergency medicine at a time when emergency departments are experiencing an increasing practice intensity and acuity. In this context, to further prepare NPs for a career in emergency medicine, postgraduate educational programs have emerged in the United States: from post-master's programs with 300-400 clinical hours in emergency medicine to intense residency or fellowship tracks with 2,000-3,000 clinical hours of training. This article describes the development and general organization of one such residency at New York Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical Center, while also noting several broader trends in emergency medicine and emergency NPs in the workforce...
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713409/prognostic-importance-of-spinopelvic-parameters-in-the-assessment-of-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-spondylolisthesis
#19
Sai Krishna M L V, Deep Sharma, Jagdish Menon
Study Design: This was a prospective, two-group comparative study. Purpose: The present study aimed to determine the importance of the spinopelvic parameters in the causation and progression of spondylolisthesis. Overview of Literature: Spondylolisthesis is slippage of one vertebra over the vertebra below. Since the discovery of pelvic incidence (PI) in 1998 in addition to documentation of other parameters in spinopelvic balance, slippage in spondylolisthesis has been attributed to these parameters...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713212/the-impact-of-critical-appraisal-workshops-on-residents-evidence-based-medicine-skills-and-knowledge
#20
Justine A Nasr, John Falatko, Alexandra Halalau
Objective: To assess the impact of four evidence based medicine (EBM) critical appraisal education workshops in improving residents' EBM knowledge and skills. Methods: The eligible participants in the workshops were 88 residents-in-training, postgraduate years one through four, rotating through the outpatient internal medicine clinic. Four EBM workshops, consisting of 3 days each (30 minutes daily), were taught by our faculty. Topics covered included critical appraisal of randomized controlled trials, case-control and cohort studies, diagnosis studies, and systematic reviews...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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