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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441797/breast-cancer-awareness-among-women-in-western-amazon-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Marla Presa Raulino Schilling, Ilce Ferreira da Silva, Simone Perufo Opitz, Maria Fernanda de Sousa Oliveira Borges, Sergio Koifman, Koifman Rosalina Jorge
Background: A general lack of women`s awareness of breast cancer has been one of the barriers to screening and early presentation. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate levels of knowledge about risk factors, and early warning signs of breast cancer, and to determine factors associated with better levels of comprehension. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 478 women over 40 years old, living in Rio Branco city, western Amazon. All were interviewed using the “Breast cancer knowledge, attitudes and practice scale”, developed by American Cancer Society...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437336/both-bilateral-breast-volume-discrepancy-and-asymmetric-anterior-chest-wall-shape-contribute-to-the-unsightly-breast-contour-in-female-right-thoracic-idiopathic-scoliosis
#2
Benlong Shi, Saihu Mao, Xu Sun, Leilei Xu, Feng Zhu, Zezhang Zhu, Bangping Qian, Weijun Wang, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the asymmetry of breast volume (BV) and shape in female adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to define their relationship with deformed components of the anterior chest wall and curved spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The higher incidence of asymmetric breast development in AIS was described by prior studies. However, the interplay between scoliosis curve magnitude and severity of breast asymmetry (BA) are unknown...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432407/the-arterial-supply-of-the-nipple-areola-complex-nac-and-its-relations-an-analysis-of-angiographic-ct-imaging-for-breast-pedicle-design
#3
Aaron D Stirling, Conor P Murray, Mark A Lee
PURPOSE: To investigate the blood supply to the nipple areola complex (NAC) on thoracic CT angiograms (CTA) to improve breast pedicle design in reduction mammoplasty. METHODS: In a single centre, CT scans of the thorax were retrospectively reviewed for suitability by a cardiothoracic radiologist. Suitable scans had one or both breasts visible in extended fields, with contrast enhancement of breast vasculature in a female patient. The arterial sources, intercostal space perforated, glandular/subcutaneous course, vessel entry point, and the presence of periareolar anastomoses were recorded for the NAC of each breast...
April 21, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428099/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-its-application-on-brca-gene-mutation-carrier
#4
REVIEW
Michael Co, Rosemarie Chiu, Tung Milly Chiu, Yau Chun Chong, Swan Lau, Yung Ho Lee, Hoi Man To, Ava Kwong
In breast cancer 1 (BRCA) gene mutation carriers, mastectomy is still the mainstay of treatment for breast cancers due to the increased risk of local recurrence. It is performed as a therapeutic, as well as prophylactic procedure. However, mastectomy with removal of nipple areolar complex (NAC) is associated with adverse cosmetic outcome. NAC sparing mastectomy (NSM), which results in better cosmetic outcome, has been performed in non-BRCA mutation carriers. While studies have shown that NSM is a oncologically safe in sporadic breast cancers, its application in BRCA mutation carriers is still controversial...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425037/a-new-species-of-caryospora-l%C3%A3-ger-1904-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-guanabara-spotted-night-snake-siphlophis-pulcher-raddi-reptilia-dipsadidae-in-the-atlantic-forest-brazil
#5
Marcos Tobias de Santana Miglionico, Lúcio André Viana
A new coccidian species of the genus Caryospora Léger, 1904 (Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae) is described based on material from the Guanabara spotted night snake Siphlophis pulcher (Raddi) (Reptilia: Dipsadidae) in a coastal area of the Atlantic Forest in Ilha Grande Island, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Caryospora ceadsensis n. sp. possesses spheroidal to slightly subspheroidal oöcysts measuring 17-24 × 17-24 (22.1 × 22.0) µm, with a c.1.3 µm thick bi-layered wall (inner layer smooth, outer layer slightly striated), length/width (L/W) ratio of 1...
April 19, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424925/cross-vertical-mattress-suturing-with-basilar-tightening-during-the-correction-of-inverted-nipple-in-30-cases
#6
Weizhong Liang, Zuojun Zhao, Shu Liu, Tingmin Gu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of cross vertical mattress suturing with basilar tightening during the correction of inverted nipple. METHODS: Thirty patients with inverted nipples underwent cross vertical mattress suturing with basilar tightening. The postoperative results were recorded. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up for 6 months to 2 years. The results of 28 cases were satisfactory, and there was no recurrence. Two patients relapsed, and a mild depression was formed...
April 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421349/predictive-detection-areas-for-identifying-additional-mri-detected-breast-lesions-on-second-look-ultrasonography
#7
Akie Tanaka, Atsushi Yamada, Tomoko Umeda, Chiaki Kaneko, Tomoharu Shimizu, Shigeyuki Naka, Tohru Tani, Masaji Tani
PURPOSE: Identifying an additional MRI-detected breast lesion on second-look ultrasonography (US) is technically challenging because of lesion displacement with the patient's position change. The aim of this study is to help identify MRI-detected lesions on second-look US by developing a probing area, called "the predictive detection area" (PDA), and by assessing the PDA. METHODS: We measured the nipple-to-lesion distances (NLDs) for 16 breast lesions on prone- and supine-position MRI sets and calculated the difference and angle between the two NLD vectors, representing the lesion displacement...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418698/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-mastitis-in-shiraz-iran-results-of-a-cohort-study
#8
Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Shahnaz Poorarian, Colin W Binns, Jane A Scott
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five Western women who breastfeed are likely to experience acute mastitis. This study investigated the incidence and risk factors of acute mastitis in a cohort of Iranian women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 672 participants of the Shiraz Infant Feeding Study conducted between June 2014 and March 2015. Mothers were recruited from the maternity ward and followed up at 1, 3, 4, and 6 months postpartum to obtain information on their breastfeeding practices and experiences...
April 18, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418342/transsexual-mastectomy-selection-of-appropriate-technique-according-to-breast-characteristics
#9
Hüsamettin Top, Serkan Balta
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous mastectomy for female- to-male transsexuals is usually the first surgical pro- cedure in sexual reassignment. The main objective of subcutaneous mastectomy is to create an aesthetically pleasing male chest contour by removing all glandular tissue while minimizing chest wall scars. AIMS: In this paper, we present our experience with subcutaneous mastectomy performed in female-to- male transsexual patients. The authors recommend their point of view to aid in selecting the most suitable subcutaneous mastectomy technique depending on breast characteristics...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418338/diagnosis-of-nipple-discharge-value-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-ultrasonography-in-comparison-with-ductoscopy
#10
Ravza Yılmaz, Ömer Bender, Fatma Çelik Yabul, Menduh Dursun, Mehtap Tunacı, Gülden Acunas
BACKGROUND: Pathologic nipple discharge, which is a common reason for referral to the breast imaging service, refers to spontaneous or bloody nipple discharge that arises from a single duct. The most common cause of nipple discharge is benign breast lesions, such as solitary intraductal papilloma and papillomatosis. Nevertheless, in rare cases, a malignant cause of nipple discharge can be found. AIMS: To study the diagnostic value of ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ductoscopy in patients with pathologic nipple discharge, compare their efficacy, and investigate the importance of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of intraductal pathologies...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417703/central-pedicle-reduction-mammaplasty-with-a-vertical-scar-a-technical-modification
#11
Yeon Soo Kim, Kun Hwang, Joo Ho Kim, Tae Ho Kim, Hyung Mook Kim
BACKGROUND: This study introduces a central pedicle reduction mammaplasty with a vertical scar technique. OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to create a more conical breast shape and long-lasting better projection by modifying reduction mammaplasty by central pedicle flap. METHOD: Preoperative markings were made including the meridian line of breast and the new location of the nipple-areola complex (NAC). The new location of the inframammary fold was marked ∼2 ∼ 4 cm above the original inframammary fold...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416989/immediate-breast-reconstruction-of-a-nipple-areolar-lumpectomy-defect-with-the-l-flap-skin-paddle-breast-reduction-design-and-contralateral-reduction-mammoplasty-symmetry-procedure-optimizing-the-oncoplastic-surgery-multispecialty-approach
#12
Mitchell Buller, Adee Heiman, Jared Davis, Thomas J Lee, Nicolás Ajkay, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Objective: We describe a modification of the inferior pedicle reduction mammoplasty for oncoplastic reconstruction of a central tumor defect. Our technique involved a deepithelialized L-shaped medial inferior based flap with removal of lateral breast tissue after central lumpectomy with a contralateral Wise-pattern mastopexy with inferior pedicle for symmetry. This technique is ideal for patients with large, ptotic breasts that desire breast conservation with immediate reconstruction. Methods: A 47-year-old woman with size 38 DD breasts presented with a palpable 2-cm subareolar mass of the left breast...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409206/inverted-nipple-correction-with-selective-dissection-of-lactiferous-ducts-using-an-operative-microscope-and-a-traction-technique
#13
Yoshihiro Sowa, Sizu Itsukage, Daiki Morita, Toshiaki Numajiri
BACKGROUND: An inverted nipple is a common congenital condition in young women that may cause breastfeeding difficulty, psychological distress, repeated inflammation, and loss of sensation. Various surgical techniques have been reported for correction of inverted nipples, and all have advantages and disadvantages. Here, we report a new technique for correction of an inverted nipple using an operative microscope and traction that results in low recurrence and preserves lactation function and sensation...
April 13, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406827/outcome-evaluation-after-2023-nipple-sparing-mastectomies-our-experience
#14
Alexandre Mendonça Munhoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406825/outcome-evaluation-after-2023-nipple-sparing-mastectomies-our-experience
#15
Roy De Vita, Giovanni Zoccali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406822/the-delay-phenomenon-in-the-setting-of-prior-irradiation-a-matched-pair-analysis-in-nipple-reconstruction
#16
Albert H Chao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403022/the-sternum-nipple-distance-is-double-the-nipple-inframammary-fold-distance-in-macromastia
#17
Thomas N Steele, Julian J Pribaz, Frank H Lau
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is one of the most commonly performed plastic surgery operations. For a majority of techniques, the most common long-term complication is pseudoptosis. It has previously been proposed that upper breast suspensory ligaments (SL) are weaker than lower breast SL. We tested this hypothesis through anthropometry of the proxies for upper and lower SL strength: the sternal notch-nipple (SN-N) distance and the nipple-inframammary fold (N-IMF) distance, respectively...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402910/skin-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-the-first-approach-in-primary-myxoid-chondrosarcoma-of-the-breast
#18
G Militello, G Zabbia, A Mascolino, K Kabhuli, E Gulotta, P De Marco, F Incandela, G Scerrino, G Gulotta
The primary mammary chondrosarcoma corresponds to less than 0,5% of the mammary malignancies. For the period ranging from 1967 to 2014, only 18 cases were reported in the literature. A 41year old woman found a hard nodule on her external right superior quadrant/axillary prolongation through breast self-examination. The vacuum-assisted core biopsy (VACB) revealed "high grade extra-skeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma". A skin-nipple-sparing mastectomy with the insertion of a mammary expander was performed. A protocol of adjuvant radiotherapy was also indicated...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400440/specialised-fibroblasts-maintain-the-nipple-epidermis
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391808/fully-automated-nipple-detection-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#20
Seung-Hoon Chae, Ji-Wook Jeong, Jang-Hwan Choi, Eun Young Chae, Hak Hee Kim, Young-Wook Choi, Sooyeul Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We propose a nipple detection algorithm for use with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images. DBT images have been developed to overcome the weaknesses of 2D mammograms for denser breasts by providing 3D breast images. The nipple location acts as an invaluable landmark in DBT images for aligning the right and left breasts and describing the relative location of any existing lesions. METHODS: Nipples may be visible or invisible in a breast image, and therefore a nipple detection method must be able to detect the nipples for both cases...
May 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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