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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644128/intraductal-cisplatin-treatment-in-a-brca-associated-breast-cancer-mouse-model-attenuates-tumor-development-but-leads-to-systemic-tumors-in-aged-female-mice
#1
Jolien S de Groot, Paul J van Diest, Miranda van Amersfoort, Eva J Vlug, Xiaojuan Pan, Natalie D Ter Hoeve, Hilde Rosing, Jos H Beijnen, Sameh A Youssef, Alain de Bruin, Jos Jonkers, Elsken van der Wall, Patrick W B Derksen
BRCA deficiency predisposes to the development of invasive breast cancer. In BRCA mutation carriers this risk can increase up to 80%. Currently, bilateral prophylactic mastectomy and prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy are the only preventive, albeit radical invasive strategies to prevent breast cancer in BRCA mutation carriers. An alternative non-invasive way to prevent BRCA1-associated breast cancer may be local prophylactic treatment via the nipple.Using a non-invasive intraductal (ID) preclinical intervention strategy, we explored the use of combined cisplatin and poly (ADP)-ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1) inhibition to prevent the development of hereditary breast cancer...
June 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643006/complications-of-fat-transfer-for-breast-augmentation
#2
Paraskevas Kontoes, George Gounnaris
Autologous fat grafting is quite common for breast augmentations as well as for reconstructive breast surgery. Coleman has described the surgical technique of fat grafting. Fat is harvested, and after centrifugation and refinement, blunt infiltration cannulas are used to place the fat through small incisions. The grafted tissue is placed in small aliquots with each withdrawal of the cannula. In order to achieve an aesthetically pleasing contour of the breast, the fat should be layered into different levels from the chest wall to the skin...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631226/introduction-of-a-simple-second-tier-screening-test-for-c5-isobars-in-dried-blood-spots-reducing-the-false-positive-rate-for-isovaleric-acidaemia-in-expanded-newborn-screening
#3
R S Carling, D Burden, I Hutton, R Randle, K John, J R Bonham
In 2015 the English Newborn Screening programme expanded to include Isovaleric Acidaemia (IVA). Screening is performed by flow injection analysis tandem mass spectrometry of isovalerylcarnitine. Isovalerylcarnitine is isobaric with pivaloylcarnitine which can be present in blood due to the use of pivalic ester pro-drugs or pivalic acid derivatives used as emollients in some nipple creams; the potential for false positives (FP) is well documented. A pilot study in England screened 438,164 babies, 18 had presumptive positive results but only 4 were confirmed as true positives (TP)...
June 20, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627779/new-horizon-for-breast-cancer-biomarker-discoveries-what-might-the-liquid-biopsy-of-nipple-aspirate-fluid-hold
#4
Ferdinando Mannello
The existence of cellular, molecular and biochemical heterogeneity of human breast cancers reveals the intricacy of biomarkers complexity, stimulating studies on new approaches (like "liquid biopsies") for the improvements in precision medicine. Breast cancer is recognized as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with tumors significantly diverse and containing many types of cells showing different genetic and epigenetic profiles. In this field, the technology of Liquid Biopsy (applied to a fluid produced by breast gland, named nipple aspirate fluids, NAF) highlights the power of combining basic and clinical research...
June 19, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616453/reproducibility-discrepancies-following-reanalysis-of-raw-data-for-a-previously-published-study-on-diisononyl-phthalate-dinp-in-rats
#5
Min Chen, Rebecca Alyea, Peter Morfeld, Rainer Otter, Jessica Kemmerling, Christine Palermo
A 2011 publication by Boberg et al. entitled "Reproductive and behavioral effects of diisononyl phthalate (DINP) in perinatally exposed rats" [1] reported statistically significant changes in sperm parameters, testicular histopathology, anogenital distance and retained nipples in developing males. Using the statistical methods as reported by Boberg et al. (2011) [1], we reanalyzed the publically available raw data ([dataset] US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency), 2016) [2]. The output of our reanalysis and the discordances with the data as published in Boberg et al...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615822/a-new-method-of-salvaging-nipple-projection-after-secondary-nipple-reconstruction-using-locoregional-flap
#6
Fabrizio De Biasio, Nicola Zingaretti, Sebastiano Mura, Alessandra Fin, Michele Riccio, Pier Camillo Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615812/optimising-aesthetic-outcome-after-nipple-areola-complex-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-one-stage-prosthetic-reconstruction-a-simple-surgical-trick-to-fix-nipple-areola-complex-position
#7
Luca Maione, Andrea Lisa, Federico Barbera, Mattia Siliprandi, Valeriano Vinci, Francesco Klinger, Marco Klinger
BACKGROUND: Nipple-areola complex (NAC) sparing mastectomy (NSM) is mostly indicated in patients with small-/medium-sized and non-ptotic breasts, while skin-reducing mastectomy is used in patients with medium or large breasts with severe ptosis. NAC location on the reconstructed breast is one of the major factors in determining the final aesthetic result and patients' satisfaction. An optimum result obtained at the end of surgical procedure may be altered and compromised by skin redistribution and consequently NAC depositioning during the post-operative period in patients with medium-sized breasts and a moderate degree of ptosis...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615158/somatosensory-modulation-of-salivary-gene-expression-and-oral-feeding-in-preterm-infants-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Steven Michael Barlow, Jill Lamanna Maron, Gil Alterovitz, Dongli Song, Bernard Joseph Wilson, Priya Jegatheesan, Balaji Govindaswami, Jaehoon Lee, Austin Oder Rosner
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous medical advances in the care of at-risk preterm neonates, oral feeding still represents one of the first and most advanced neurological challenges facing this delicate population. Objective, quantitative, and noninvasive assessment tools, as well as neurotherapeutic strategies, are greatly needed in order to improve feeding and developmental outcomes. Pulsed pneumatic orocutaneous stimulation has been shown to improve nonnutritive sucking (NNS) skills in preterm infants who exhibit delayed or disordered nipple feeding behaviors...
June 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609542/effect-of-single-use-laser-cut-slow-flow-nipples-on-respiration-and-milk-ingestion-in-preterm-infants
#9
Katlyn E McGrattan, David H McFarland, Jesse C Dean, Elizabeth Hill, David R White, Bonnie Martin-Harris
Purpose: Single-use, laser-cut, slow-flow nipples were evaluated for their effect on respiration and milk ingestion in 13 healthy preterm infants (32.7-37.1 weeks postmenstrual age) under nonlaboratory, clinical conditions. Method: The primary outcomes of minute ventilation and overall milk transfer were measured by using integrated nasal airflow and volume-calibrated bottles during suck bursts and suck burst breaks during slow-flow and standard-flow nipple bottle feedings...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607860/spy-elite-s-ability-to-predict-nipple-necrosis-in-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-tissue-expander-reconstruction
#10
Mark L Venturi, Ali N Mesbahi, Libby R Copeland-Halperin, Victoria Y Suh, Louisa Yemc
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing techniques have improved the aesthetics of reconstruction following mastectomy, but nipple necrosis complicates up to 37% of procedures, distressing patients, delaying adjuvant therapy, and compromising outcomes. No method reliably detects nipple necrosis better than clinical assessment of tissue perfusion. We prospectively assessed the accuracy of intraoperative indocyanine green laser angiography to predict nipple necrosis. METHODS: Twenty consecutive women undergoing immediate tissue expander breast reconstruction following 32 nipple-sparing mastectomies underwent indocyanine green fluorescence imaging to assess nipple perfusion immediately before and after intraoperative tissue expansion...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605205/analysis-of-factors-influencing-drain-amount-time-to-drain-removal-and-seroma-formation-in-patients-undergoing-immediate-expander-implant-breast-reconstruction
#11
Kyong-Je Woo, Joo Myong Paik, Goo-Hyun Mun, Jai-Kyong Pyon, Byung-Joon Jeon, Sa Ik Bang
BACKGROUND: Placement of a closed suction drain is a common cause of patient complaints, such as postoperative pain or discomfort following immediate expander-implant breast reconstruction. This study aims to identify factors that affect drainage volume, time to drain removal, and seroma formation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of prospectively collected data was conducted on patients who underwent immediate expander-implant breast reconstructions following nipple-sparing or skin-sparing mastectomy without skin excision (nipple areolar complex excision only) between February 2010 and April 2015...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600484/perinatal-case-of-fatal-simpson-golabi-behmel-syndrome-with-hyperplasia-of-seminiferous-tubules
#12
Nives Zimmermann, Jerzy Stanek
BACKGROUND Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) is a rare X-linked recessive syndrome characterized by fetal overgrowth. CASE REPORT We present a case of a male infant with SGBS. Abnormal prenatal ultrasound (including congenital diaphragmatic hernia) prompted microarray testing of amniotic fluid cells, which showed deletion on chromosome Xq26.2 affecting the glypican-3 gene consistent with SGBS type I. The infant died six hours after birth and at autopsy showed features of SGBS, including macrosomia, organomegaly, diaphragmatic hernia with consequent pulmonary hypoplasia, cleft palate, large tongue with a midline groove, a supernumerary nipple, Meckel's diverticulum, and abnormal phalanges...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598828/gigantomastia-due-to-retromammary-lipoma-an-aesthetic-management
#13
Sandipan Gupta, Debarati Chattopadhyay, Souradip Gupta, Akhilesh Agarwal, Gautam Guha
INTRODUCTION: A "giant" lipoma is defined as a tumor having dimensions greater than 10 cm. Giant lipomas are rare and giant breast lipomas are exceptionally uncommon. Only six cases have been described in world literature till date. Herein we describe a case of giant breast lipoma and discuss its surgical management. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old lady presented with left sided unilateral gigantomastia. Clinical examination, radiology and histopathology diagnosed lipoma...
June 2, 2017: Breast Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597470/breast-conservation-for-male-breast-cancer-case-report-of-intraoperative-radiation
#14
Ameer Gomberawalla, Peter Liou, Rebecca Martinez, Raj Rajpara, Eileen Connolly, David Horowitz, Sheldon Feldman
Male breast cancer (MBC) comprises <1% of all breast cancers in the United States. MBC is typically treated with total mastectomy while the majority of female breast cancer is treated with breast conservation therapy combined with various forms of radiation. One method that has developed over the last two decades is the use of intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) as a type of accelerated partial breast irradiation to direct the treatment field to the tumor bed. Since overall prognosis and systemic therapy recommendations for MBC are similar to breast cancer in women, we describe the first case of MBC treated with BCS and IORT...
June 8, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594922/the-learning-curve-of-endoscopic-total-mastectomy-in-taiwan-a-multi-center-study
#15
Chin-Sheng Hung, Sheng-Wei Chang, Li-Min Liao, Cheng-Chiao Huang, Shih-Hsin Tu, Shou-Tung Chen, Dar-Ren Chen, Shou-Jen Kuo, Hung-Wen Lai, Ting-Mao Chou, Yao-Lung Kuo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic techniques are commonly used in abdominal and gynecologic surgery, while breast cancer surgery has remained largely unchanged. In Asia, especially in Japan, many surgeons have started to use endoscopic surgery for breast cancer. In Taiwan, endoscopy-assisted breast surgery started in 2010. The benefits of this surgical method include smaller incisions, an axillary anatomic approach, clear vision, no oncologic compromise, and good cosmetic outcomes. This is the first report to discuss the learning curve of endoscopy-assisted breast surgery, including the difficulties experienced...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589445/chemoprevention-of-breast-cancer-by-transdermal-delivery-of-%C3%AE-santalol-through-breast-skin-and-mammary-papilla-nipple
#16
Kaushalkumar Dave, Fahd M Alsharif, Saiful Islam, Chandradhar Dwivedi, Omathanu Perumal
PURPOSE: Almost all breast cancers originate from epithelial cells lining the milk ducts in the breast. To this end, the study investigated the feasibility of localized transdermal delivery of α-santalol, a natural chemopreventive agent to the breast. METHODS: Different α-santalol formulations (cream, solution and microemulsion) were developed and the in vitro permeability was studied using excised animal (porcine and rat) and human breast skin/mammary papilla (nipple)...
June 6, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584621/fibroadenoma-progress-to-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-infiltrating-ductal-carcinoma-and-lymph-node-metastasis-report-an-unusual-case
#17
Yu-Ting Wu, Hua-Koon Wu, Shou-Tung Chen, Chih-Jung Chen, Dar-Ren Chen, Hung-Wen Lai
Fibroadenoma of the breast is the most common benign neoplasm in young women who present with a palpable, movable mass. Malignancy inside fibroadenomas is rare, with reported rates ranging from 0.002% to 0.125%. Carcinoma in situ inside a fibroadenoma is usually found incidentally when tumours are excised. Whether fibroadenoma is a risk factor for breast cancer remains controversial. Due to the rarity of carcinomas inside fibroadenomas, medical institutes have little experience with this phenomenon. We report an unusual case in which progression occurred from benign fibroadenoma to ductal carcinoma in situ, infiltrating ductal carcinoma and lymph node metastasis...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584515/circumareolar-incision-subdermal-tunneling-dissection-for-excision-of-multiple-breast-fibroadenomata
#18
S O Agodirin, G A Rahman, S A Olatoke, H J Akande
Excision of multiple fibroadenomas (MF) in separate breast quadrants presents difficulties of number and location of incision(s) and extent of tissue dissection and may be associated with more complications and poorer cosmetic outcome. This is a report of excision of MF in multiple quadrants of the breast using a modification of subcutaneous dissection technique dubbed the circumareolar incision and subdermal tunneling (CAST) dissection. After exposure of the superficial fascia with circumareolar incision, subdermal cone-wise dissection was made to allow mobilization of the segment bearing the lump(s)...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582336/breast-cancer-molecular-subtypes-and-chemotherapy-schedules-used-in-neoadjuvant-or-adjuvant-setting-may-show-different-effects-in-nipple-sparing-mastectomy
#19
Kadri Altundag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582332/reply-to-letter-breast-cancer-molecular-subtypes-and-chemotherapy-schedules-used-in-neoadjuvant-or-adjuvant-setting-may-show-different-effects-in-nipple-sparing-mastectomy
#20
Jordan D Frey, Mihye Choi, Nolan S Karp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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