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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348599/in-situ-formation-of-artificial-moth-eye-structure-by-spontaneous-nano-phase-separation
#1
Tong Li, Junhui He, Yue Zhang, Lin Yao, Tingting Ren, Binbin Jin
Unprecedented in situ formation of artificial moth-eye structure is demonstrated by spontaneous nano-phase separation of a silica-based system on substrate. The moth-eye thin film with a homogenously distributed nipples array shows broadband antireflection functionalities. The mechanism of nano-phase separation is unveiled as spinodal decomposition by chemical freezing method and thermodynamic analysis. The current method may provide a new avenue to ready fabrication of patterned nanostructures toward a variety of applications...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344009/evaluation-of-nipple-aspirate-fluid-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-early-detection-of-breast-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Sadr-Ul Shaheed, Catherine Tait, Kyriacos Kyriacou, Richard Linforth, Mohamed Salhab, Chris Sutton
There has been tremendous progress in detection of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, resulting in two-thirds of women surviving more than 20 years after treatment. However, breast cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in premenopausal women. Breast cancer is increasing in younger women due to changes in life-style as well as those at high risk as carriers of mutations in high-penetrance genes. Premenopausal women with breast cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with aggressive tumours and therefore have a lower survival rate...
2018: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340749/in-pursuit-of-effective-volume-reduction-and-enhanced-aesthetics-for-treatment-of-gigantomastia-using-superior-dermoglandular-pedicle
#3
Betul Gozel Ulusal, Ince Alper
BACKGROUND: Gigantomastia is defined as extreme hypertrophy of the female breast. It is a disabling condition that presents unique challenges to plastic surgeons. Initial breast volume is an important factor affecting the success of the reduction. Usually, it is difficult to achieve small-sized breasts, and long-term results are often unsatisfactory, resulting in complications such as "bottoming-out" deformities. METHODS: This paper presents a case series involving 40 patients (mean age 44...
January 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329370/defining-normal-parameters-for-the-male-nipple-areola-complex-a-prospective-observational-study-and-recommendations-for-placement-on-the-chest-wall
#4
Dominic Yue, Lilli R L Cooper, Ryan Kerstein, Susan C Charman, Norbert V Kang
Background: The nipple-areola complex (NAC) is important aesthetically and functionally for both sexes. Methods for positioning the NAC in males are less well established in the literature compared to females but are just as important. Objectives: This study aims to determine the normal parameters for the male NAC, to review literature, and to present a reliable method for preoperative placement. Methods: Normal male patients, with no prior chest wall conditions, were prospectively recruited to participate...
January 10, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327648/the-goniometer-device-special-equipment-designed-for-symmetric-mammoplasty-planning-and-photo-symmetry-analysis-technique
#5
Tahsin Görgülü
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative planning is an essential prerequisite for the success of plastic surgery. In procedures such as breast reduction, freehand drawings may be associated with a number of challenges during the determination of axes vertical and parallel to the surgical site. Furthermore, many procedures involve subjective maneuvers, such as attempts aimed at positioning both nipples on the same line and transferring nipple-areola complexes in a well-matched manner. Our newly designed instrument, that is, the goniometer (TG), aims to ensure metric measurements appropriate for the axes, and it may also be used in circumstances that require angle measurements...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326237/an-ulcer-on-the-nipple
#6
Jianjun Qiao, Sha Zhou, Hong Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322112/managing-male-mammary-maladies
#7
REVIEW
Ian S Fentiman
This review examines the symptoms, need for referral and management of the benign breast conditions which afflict males, together with the steps that are necessary to exclude or confirm male breast cancer. The most common complaint is gynaecomastia, either true or pseudo, and the majority of these cases need reassurance without over-investigation. Drugs that induce breast enlargement are described in order that, when possible, a medication switch can be made. Men receiving endocrine therapy for prostate cancer may develop painful gynaecomastia and this can be relieved with tamoxifen...
January 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316810/differential-human-growth-restudied
#8
Etienne Geraert
BACKGROUND: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation. AIM: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315983/missing-targets-after-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-a-multi-disciplinary-approach-to-avoid-an-undesirable-outcome
#9
Jennifer Zeng, Cecilia Mercado, Deborah Axelrod, Amber Guth, Farbod Darvishian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304013/breastfeeding-determinants-in-healthy-term-newborns
#11
Lorenzo Colombo, Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Dario Consonni, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Viola Agosti, Giulia Mangino, Elena Nicoletta Bezze, Paola Agnese Mauri, Lidia Zanotta, Paola Roggero, Laura Plevani, Donatella Bertoli, Maria Lorella Giannì, Fabio Mosca
Breastfeeding is the normative standard for infant feeding. Despite its established benefits, different factors can affect breastfeeding rates over time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding determinants in healthy term newborns during the first three months of life. A prospective, observational, single-center study was conducted in the nursery of Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan, Italy. The mother-baby dyads that were admitted to the Clinic in January and February 2017 were enrolled...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303780/clinical-and-cytogenetic-features-of-516-patients-with-suspected-turner-syndrome-a-single-center-experience
#12
Annelise B Carvalho, Sofia H V Lemos-Marini, Gil Guerra-Junior, Andréa T Maciel-Guerra
BACKGROUND: Clinical suspicion of Turner syndrome (TS) may be challenging. Short stature and absent puberty are not mandatory and the dysmorphic picture is widely variable. The aim of the study was to describe a representative sample of patients with suspected TS in a single center and to verify which set of features may help discriminate those with TS. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with suspected TS evaluated between 1989 and 2012 with the same clinical and cytogenetic protocols...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302735/a-new-human-derived-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-breast-reconstruction-available-for-the-european-market-preliminary-results
#13
Secondo Folli, Annalisa Curcio, Davide Melandri, Elena Bondioli, Nicola Rocco, Giuseppe Catanuto, Fabio Falcini, Valeria Purpura, Matteo Mingozzi, Federico Buggi, Francesco Marongiu
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) contributed to the growing diffusion of direct-to-implant breast reconstruction (DTI-BR) following mastectomy for breast cancer. According to specific legislations, European specialists could not benefit from the use of human-derived ADMs, even though most evidence in the literature are available for this kind of device, showed optimal outcomes in breast reconstruction. The Skin Bank of the Bufalini Hospital (Cesena, Italy) obtained in 2009 the approval for the production and distribution of a new human cadaver-donor-derived ADM (named with the Italian acronym, MODA, for matrice omologa dermica acellulata) from the Italian National Transplant Center and National Health Institute...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302729/color-change-after-paramedical-pigmentation-of-the-nipple-areola-complex
#14
Shoichi Tomita, Katsuya Mori, Takeshi Miyawaki
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the nipple-areola complex is the final process in breast reconstruction. Local flaps and paramedical pigmentation is one of the major procedures for this. However, fading after paramedical pigmentation leads to a color difference between the selected pigment and its color in the skin. The aim of this study is to make a proposition in color choice of paramedical pigmentation for nipple-areola complex. METHODS: Our research focused on investigating the color changes over time after unilateral nipple-areola complex reconstruction using paramedical pigmentation in 25 patients to propose suitable color selections...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302487/central-round-block-repair-of-large-breast-resection-defects-oncologic-and-aesthetic-outcomes
#15
Russell J Bramhall, Jason Lee, Mae Concepcion, David Westbroek, Sarah Huf, Kabir Mohammed, Paul Thiruchelvam, Gerald P Gui
Background: The central round block repair is a volume displacement technique to reconstruct large wide local excision (WLE) defects in breasts with moderate ptosis or hypertrophy. There are limited published data on the outcomes of this technique. Methods: Data were collected prospectively for 57 consecutive patients and follow up information obtained from patient records. The volume of breast resection was estimated geometrically from mammography. Aesthetic outcomes were assessed from clinical measurements and panel review of patient photographs...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302486/early-multicentre-experience-of-pre-pectoral-implant-based-immediate-breast-reconstruction-using-braxon%C3%A2
#16
Sadaf Jafferbhoy, Mihir Chandarana, Maria Houlihan, Rishikesh Parmeshwar, Sankaran Narayanan, Soni Soumian, Simon Harries, Lucie Jones, Dayalan Clarke
Background: The last two decades have seen significant changes in surgical management of breast cancer. The offer of immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) following mastectomy is currently standard practice. Skin sparing and nipple sparing mastectomy with implant-based IBR have emerged as oncologically safe treatment options. Prepectoral implant placement and complete coverage of implant with acellular dermal matrix (ADM) eliminates the need to detach the muscle from underlying chest wall in contrast to the subpectoral technique...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302483/a-critical-look-at-the-effect-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-on-the-ischemic-nipple-following-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-implant-based-reconstruction-a-case-series
#17
John Shuck, Neil O'Kelly, Matthew Endara, Maurice Y Nahabedian
Background: Nipple preservation provides superior aesthetic results as well as patient satisfaction in patients treated with both therapeutic and prophylactic mastectomy. Post-operative nipple ischemia and necrosis presents a unique clinical challenge that may be treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy or conservative measures alone. To date, the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen on post-operative nipple ischemia has yet to be evaluated. Methods: A retrospective review of patients treated with either hyperbaric oxygen or conservative management was performed...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302482/conservative-mastectomy-versus-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-preliminary-considerations-of-oncological-safety-on-30-patients-not-receiving-intra-operative-radiotherapy
#18
Tito Brambullo, Erica Dalla Venezia, Stefano Martella, Vincenzo Vindigni, Franco Bassetto, Alessandra Gottardi, Visnu Lohsiriwat, Jean-Yves Petit, Paolo Veronesi, Mario Rietjens
Background: For several years, there has been broad consensus that nipple-sparing mastectomy is a safe surgical treatment for breast cancer. However, the technique is associated with a relatively high risk of local recurrence (LR) behind the nipple-areola complex (NAC). It is for this reason that some years ago we introduced intraoperative radiotherapy with electrons (ELIOT) targeted specifically to the NAC to reduce the probability of recurrence there. However, in some cases we preferred to avoid ELIOT when the NAC appears to have a poor blood supply to ensuring the best chance of NAC survival...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302481/development-of-a-surgical-algorithm-by-using-pre-operative-imaging-to-predict-mammoplasty-cosmetic-outcomes-for-large-non-malignant-tumours
#19
Geok-Hoon Lim, Ruey Pyng Ng, Lester Chee Hao Leong
Background: Use of mammoplasty for resection of large non-malignant tumours is not widely described. We aim to determine the optimal tumour to breast size ratio cut-off in this group of patients undergoing mammoplasty which could achieve satisfactory cosmetic outcomes. Methods: Patients who underwent mammoplasty from May 2014 to June 2017 for biopsy-proven large non-malignant tumours were included in the study. The demographics, tumour to breast size ratios, histological features and cosmetic outcomes of these patients were assessed...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302019/implications-of-nipple-discharge-in-hong-kong-chinese-women
#20
W M Kan, C Chen, A Kwong
INTRODUCTION: There are no recent data on nipple discharge and its association with malignancy in Hong Kong Chinese women. This study reported our 5-year experience in the management of patients with nipple discharge, and our experience of mammography, ultrasonography, ductography, and nipple discharge cytology in an attempt to determine their role in the management of nipple discharge. METHODS: Women who attended our Breast Clinic in a university-affiliated hospital in Hong Kong were identified by retrospective review of clinical data from January 2007 to December 2011...
January 5, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
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