keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Evidence standards

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437759/correlation-of-technical-surgical-goals-to-the-gdi-and-investigation-of-post-operative-gdi-change-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Christina Bickley, Judi Linton, Nancy Scarborough, Elroy Sullivan, Katy Mitchell, Douglas Barnes
AIM: The purpose of this study was to introduce a standardized set of surgical technical achievement goals (TAGs) as part of a comprehensive outcome assessment model for children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) undergoing orthopaedic surgical intervention to improve gait. Examination of relationships of these surgical goals to the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and use of two assessments in tandem provided a thorough picture of technical surgical outcomes. This study also investigated changes in GDI in children with spastic CP after surgery...
April 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437503/subscapularis-tenotomy-versus-lesser-tuberosity-osteotomy-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#3
Philip K Louie, David M Levy, Bernard R Bach, Gregory P Nicholson, Anthony A Romeo
Subscapularis tenotomy (ST) has been the standard method of mobilizing the subscapularis during the approach to a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Recently, lesser tuberosity osteotomy (LTO), which avoids subscapularis complications, has gained in popularity. We performed a systematic review to elucidate any differences in clinical or radiographic outcomes between ST and LTO. Using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines, we identified clinical and/or radiographic TSA studies with minimum mean 2-year follow-up and level I to IV evidence...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437263/a-randomised-trial-to-evaluate-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-administration-on-insulin-resistance-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-patients
#4
Bora Lee, Sarah Soh, Jae-Kwang Shim, Ha Y Kim, Hyelin Lee, Young-Lan Kwak
BACKGROUND: In fasting cardiac surgery patients, preoperative carbohydrate (CHO) drink intake attenuated insulin resistance and improved cardiac metabolism, although its beneficial effects were not evident after cardiac surgery possibly due to cardiopulmonary bypass-related extreme systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether preoperative CHO intake affected insulin resistance and free-fatty acid (FFA) concentrations in off-pump coronary revascularisation...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437225/neck-collar-with-mild-jugular-vein-compression-ameliorates-brain-activation-changes-during-a-working-memory-task-after-a-season-of-high-school-football
#5
Weihong Yuan, James Leach, Thomas Maloney, Mekibib Altaye, David Smith, Paul Gubanich, Kim Barber-Foss, Staci Thomas, Christopher DiCesare, Adam Kiefer, Gregory D Myer
Emerging evidence indicates that repetitive head impacts, even at a sub-concussive level, may result in exacerbated or prolonged neurologic deficits in athletes. This study aimed to: 1) quantify the effect of repetitive head impacts on the alteration of neuronal activity based on fMRI of working memory after a high school football season; and 2) determine whether a neck collar that applies mild jugular vein compression to reduce brain energy absorption in head impact through slosh mitigation can ameliorate the altered fMRI activation during a working memory task...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437212/the-impact-of-communication-skills-training-on-cardiology-fellows-and-attending-physicians-perceived-comfort-with-difficult-conversations
#6
Kathryn Berlacher, Robert M Arnold, Eva Reitschuler-Cross, Jeffrey Teuteberg, Winifred Teuteberg
BACKGROUND: Cardiologists need to decide which treatments are appropriate for seriously ill patients and whether they align with patient goals. Reconciling medical options with patients' wishes requires skilled communication. Although there is evidence that communication is teachable, few cardiologists receive formal training. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that providing communication skills training to cardiologists is feasible and improves their perceived preparedness (PP) for leading difficult conversations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437147/comparison-of-two-types-of-meditation-on-patients-psychosocial-responses-during-radiation-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
Gisela Boxleitner, Shelley Jolie, Dana Shaffer, Nicholas Pasacreta, Mei Bai, Ruth McCorkle
OBJECTIVES: Radiation treatment for head and neck cancer introduces adaptive demands and subjects patients to significant and unique psychosocial challenges. There is growing evidence that meditation is useful in lessening anxiety and depression in cancer patients. This study compared the effects of two types of meditation training on the psychological responses of patients with head and neck cancer during radiation therapy. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437146/homeopathy-for-allergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review
#8
Kushal Banerjee, Robert T Mathie, Céire Costelloe, Jeremy Howick
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of homeopathic intervention in the treatment of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis (AR). METHOD: Randomized controlled trials evaluating all forms of homeopathic treatment for AR were included in a systematic review (SR) of studies published up to and including December 2015. Two authors independently screened potential studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes included symptom improvement and total quality-of-life score...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436306/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-has-limited-additional-yield-in-cryptogenic-stroke-evaluation-after-transesophageal-echocardiography
#9
Ava L Liberman, Rizwan E Kalani, Jessie Aw-Zoretic, Matthew Sondag, Vistasp J Daruwalla, Sumeet S Mitter, Richard Bernstein, Jeremy D Collins, Shyam Prabhakaran
Background The use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is increasing, but its role in the diagnostic work-up following ischemic stroke has received limited study. We aimed to explore the added yield of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to identify cardio-aortic sources not detected by transesophageal echocardiography among patients with cryptogenic stroke. Methods A retrospective single-center cohort study was performed from 01 January 2009 to 01 March 2013. Consecutive patients who had both a stroke protocol cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and a transesophageal echocardiography preformed during a single hospitalization were included...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436271/divided-attention-enhances-the-recognition-of-emotional-stimuli-evidence-from-the-attentional-boost-effect
#10
Clelia Rossi-Arnaud, Pietro Spataro, Marco Costanzi, Daniele Saraulli, Vincenzo Cestari
The present study examined predictions of the early-phase-elevated-attention hypothesis of the attentional boost effect (ABE), which suggests that transient increases in attention at encoding, as instantiated in the ABE paradigm, should enhance the recognition of neutral and positive items (whose encoding is mostly based on controlled processes), while having small or null effects on the recognition of negative items (whose encoding is primarily based on automatic processes). Participants were presented a sequence of negative, neutral and positive stimuli (pictures in Experiment 1, words in Experiment 2) associated to target (red) squares, distractor (green) squares or no squares (baseline condition)...
April 23, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436177/limited-evidence-of-abnormal-intra-colonic-pressure-profiles-in-diverticular-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
R Jaung, J Robertson, G O'Grady, T Milne, D Rowbotham, I P Bissett
AIM: Abnormal colonic pressure profiles and high intraluminal pressures are postulated to contribute to the formation of sigmoid colon diverticulosis and the pathophysiology of diverticular disease (DD). This study aimed to review evidence for abnormal colonic pressure profiles in diverticulosis. METHOD: All published studies investigating colonic pressure in patients with diverticulosis were searched in three databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS). No language restrictions were applied...
April 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435672/tele-medicine-in-respiratory-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Nicolino Ambrosino, Dewi Nurul Makhabah, Yusup Subagio Sutanto
Information and Communication Technologies applied to health care and advances in sensor and data transmission technology allowed tele-medicine based programs of care also for patients with respiratory diseases. Different sensors, transmission devices and interventions are used in tele-medicine for some indications. Patients suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, asthma, neuromuscular diseases, ventilator assisted individuals and those undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation programs may benefit from this approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435626/modification-of-the-persian-version-of-hermans-achievement-motivation-questionnaire-to-develop-an-adapted-scale-for-measuring-motivation-of-post-stroke-survivors-in-iran
#13
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily Piven
Background: Research has shown that in order for recovery from a stroke to occur, motivation for recovery has been essential component of rehabilitation. Researchers and clinicians have tended to categorize stroke survivors subjectively into two groups: those who have been motivated or unmotivated, perhaps due to the paucity of objective measures that distinguish the groups. Since classification of clients based on subjective inference would be prone to bias, this pilot study aimed to establish a regionally validated scale that was adequately standardized for measuring motivation of adult post-stroke survivors in Iran...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435445/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-metabolic-syndrome-and-pre-diabetes-in-adolescents-in-the-sierra-region-of-ecuador
#14
Sharon L Casapulla, Cheryl A Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J Grijalva, Edgar W Rojas, Masato Nakazawa, Jay H Shubrook
BACKGROUND: Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is the major modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other non-communicable diseases. However, excess weight may not be as predictive of diabetes risk as once thought. While excess weight and other obesity-related non-communicable diseases are of growing concern in low-middle income countries in Latin America, there is limited research on risk factors associated with T2DM in adolescents. This study investigated prevalence of overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adolescents in Ecuador...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435343/london-measure-of-unplanned-pregnancy-guidance-for-its-use-as-an-outcome-measure
#15
Jennifer A Hall, Geraldine Barrett, Andrew Copas, Judith Stephenson
BACKGROUND: The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) is a psychometrically validated measure of the degree of intention of a current or recent pregnancy. The LMUP is increasingly being used worldwide, and can be used to evaluate family planning or preconception care programs. However, beyond recommending the use of the full LMUP scale, there is no published guidance on how to use the LMUP as an outcome measure. Ordinal logistic regression has been recommended informally, but studies published to date have all used binary logistic regression and dichotomized the scale at different cut points...
2017: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435321/a-behavioral-medicine-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Sara Cederbom, Eva Denison, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults, particularly those who live alone and/or those who are dependent on formal care. Chronic pain is associated with mobility problems, falls, fear of falling, catastrophizing thoughts, and a lower quality of life. Research shows that physical therapy interventions based on behavioral medicine approaches are beneficial for middle-aged adults with chronic pain. However, there appears to be no previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on this theoretical framework that have examined the effect on older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain who live alone at home and are dependent on formal care to manage their everyday lives...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435191/occurrence-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-in-groundwater-of-brij-region-uttar-pradesh-and-its-public-health-implications
#17
Barkha Sharma, Parul, A K Verma, Udit Jain, Janaradan K Yadav, Ravneet Singh, Raghvendra Mishra
AIM: The study evaluates the microbial as well as physicochemical pollution of groundwater of Brij region of Uttar Pradesh, a major tourist destination in the country along with estimating the drug resistance evident in the isolated Escherichia coli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 samples of groundwater were collected from six different sites and assessed for physicochemical (pH, color, taste, turbidity, total dissolved solids [TDS], total hardness [TH], chlorides, fluorides, nitrates, and iron) and microbiological parameters (standard plate count [SPC], most probable number test [MPN], E...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434797/patterns-of-care-survey-radiotherapy-for-women-with-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#18
Peter de Boer, Ina M Jürgenliemk-Schulz, Henrike Westerveld, Astrid A C de Leeuw, Raquel Dávila-Fajardo, Coen R N Rasch, Bradley R Pieters, Lukas J A Stalpers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Regarding latest developments, the need of a radiotherapy 'Patterns of Care' survey was expressed by the Dutch National Platform Radiotherapy for Gynaecological Cancer (LPRGT). Therefore, this study investigated current practice for cervical cancer in all 16 radiation oncology centres in the Netherlands specialised in gynaecological oncology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A structured 'patterns of care' questionnaire was completed and followed by an in-depth interview with radiation oncologists from all radiotherapy centres specialised in gynaecological oncology...
April 20, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434712/evidence-for-an-imidazoline-by-product-from-glycans-using-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#19
Robert J Duff, Elaine Smith, Wenzhou Li, Szilan Fodor
Herein is reported the separation and identification of a previously unknown imidazoline by-product originating from the fluorescent labeling procedure when applied to enzymatically released N-linked glycans of a human IgG1. The imidazoline by-product was generated via the reductive amination procedure with either sodium cyanoborohydride or 2-picoline borane. Using ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) in conjunction with hydrophilic interaction-based chromatography (HILIC), the 2-aminobenzoic acid (2-AA)-labeled glycans were well-resolved from imidazoline by-products to facilitate direct identification utilizing electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) with fragmentation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434640/imaging-guidance-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-is-transoesophageal-echocardiography-the-gold-standard
#20
REVIEW
Bo Xu, Philip M Mottram, Siobhan Lockwood, Ian T Meredith
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is traditionally performed under cardiac imaging guidance. In the early TAVR experience, intra-procedural transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is recommended to guide device deployment, in the context of general anaesthesia (GA). Intra-procedural TOE imaging is particularly useful during TAVR deployment as a contrast-saving strategy for patients with renal impairment. Evidence has emerged recently demonstrating that in selected patients, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can be used to provide intra-procedural guidance for TAVR...
March 27, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
keyword
keyword
61718
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"