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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735158/the-criterion-validity-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-functional-mobility-scale-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Nobuaki Himuro, Hisato Nishibu, Hirokazu Abe, Mitsuru Mori
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Japanese version of the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), and examine the criterion validity and intra-rater reliability of the FMS in Japan. METHODS: The translation of the FMS was performed according to international standards for the translation of measurements. For criterion validity, 111 children with cerebral palsy (mean age; 12year 1mo±3year 7mo; range 5-18) were rated the Japanese version of the FMS and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734971/robotic-assistance-confers-ambidexterity-to-laparoscopic-surgeons
#2
Souzana Choussein, Serene S Srouji, Leslie V Farland, Ashley Wietsma, Stacey A Missmer, Michael Hollis, Richard N Yu, Charles N Pozner, Antonio R Gargiulo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a robotic surgical platform can complement the fine motor skills of the non-dominant hand, compensating for the innate difference in dexterity between the surgeon's hands, thereby conferring virtual ambidexterity. DESIGN: Crossover intervention study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Level II-1 evidence. SETTING: Centers for medical simulation of two tertiary care hospitals of Harvard Medical School...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734816/glaucoma-screening-in-nepal-cup-to-disc-estimate-with-standard-mydriatic-fundus-camera-compared-to-portable-non-mydriatic-camera
#3
Sarah E Miller, Suman Thapa, Alan L Robin, Leslie M Niziol, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Maria A Woodward, Indira Paudyal, Ian Pitha, Tyson N Kim, Paula Anne Newman-Casey
PURPOSE: To compare cup to disc ratio (CDR) measurements from images taken with a portable, 45° non-mydriatic fundus camera to images from a traditional table-top mydriatic fundus camera. DESIGN: Prospective, cross sectional, comparative instrument validation study. METHODS: materials-methods SETTING: Clinic-based. STUDY POPULATION: 422 eyes of 211 subjects were recruited from the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology (Kathmandu, Nepal)...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734782/the-adapt-online-education-program-a-tool-for-practicing-pharmacists-delivering-patient-centered-care
#4
Leticia R Moczygemba, Andrea L Pierce, Aziza Dang, Philip Emberley, Michael J Czar, Gary R Matzke
OBJECTIVES: The ADapting pharmacists' skills and Approaches to maximize Patient's drug Therapy effectiveness (ADAPT) e-learning program was developed by a consortium of Canadian pharmacy educators and researchers to prepare practicing pharmacists for patient-centered care. We selected this education program to provide training for pharmacists as the workforce transformation component of a Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation project. In this report we share our experiences with this educational program...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734710/use-of-trabecular-bone-score-tbs-as-a-complementary-approach-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dxa-for-fracture-risk-assessment-in-clinical-practice
#5
Enisa Shevroja, Olivier Lamy, Lynn Kohlmeier, Fjorda Koromani, Fernando Rivadeneira, Didier Hans
Osteoporosis is a common bone disease characterized by low bone mass and altered bone microarchitecture, resulting in decreased bone strength with an increased risk of fractures. In clinical practice, physicians can assess the risk of fracture for a patient based on several risk factors. Some such as age, weight, and history of fractures after 50 years of age, parental fracture, smoking status, and alcohol intake are incorporated into FRAX, an assessment tool that estimates the 10-year probability of hip fracture and major osteoporotic fractures based on the individual's risk factors profile...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734706/emerging-minimally-invasive-treatment-options-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#6
REVIEW
Giuseppe Magistro, Christopher R Chapple, Mostafa Elhilali, Peter Gilling, Kevin T McVary, Claus G Roehrborn, Christian G Stief, Henry H Woo, Christian Gratzke
CONTEXT: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are one of the most common and troublesome nonmalignant conditions affecting quality of life in aging men. A spectrum of established medical and surgical options is available to provide relief of bothersome LUTS. Both the adverse events of medication and the morbidity with surgical treatment modalities have to be counterbalanced against efficacy. Novel minimally invasive treatment options aim to be effective, ideally to be performed in an ambulatory setting under local anaesthesia and to offer a more favourable safety profile than existing reference techniques...
July 19, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734149/discharge-management-strategies-and-post-discharge-care-interventions-for-depression-systematic%C3%A2-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
F Holzinger, S Fahrenkrog, S Roll, F Kleefeld, M Adli, C Heintze
BACKGROUND: Patients with depression require treatment continuity when discharged from inpatient care. Interventions aimed at optimizing transition into outpatient care may be effective in preventing symptom deterioration and readmission. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of care transition interventions for patients with depression after psychiatric hospitalization. METHODS: Systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis of controlled trials. Primary outcomes were readmissions and symptoms of depression...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734125/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cold-in-situ-perfusion-and-preservation-of-the-hepatic-allograft-working-towards-a-unified-approach
#8
REVIEW
Ahmer M Hameed, Jerome M Laurence, Vincent W T Lam, Henry C Pleass, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cold in situ perfusion and static storage of the liver is one possible determinant of transplantation outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to substantiate a preference for a particular perfusion route (aortic or dual) or perfusion/preservation solution in donation after brain-death (DBD) liver transplantation. METHODS: The Embase, Medline and Cochrane databases were utilized (1980-2017). Random effects modeling was used to estimate effects on transplantation outcomes based upon (i) aortic or dual in situ perfusion, and (ii) the use of University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior and/or Institut Georges Lopez-1 (IGL-1) for perfusion/preservation...
July 22, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733996/long-term-effectiveness-of-the-preoperative-smoking-cessation-programme-at-western-health
#9
Hugh Taylor, Amalia Karahalios, David Bramley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with adverse effects in the perioperative period, including elevated risk of death. The perioperative period provides an opportunity to engage with patients who are smokers to encourage smoking cessation, often referred to as a 'teachable moment'. We developed a smoking intervention model for the pre-admission clinic (PAC) at Western Health, Victoria, Australia. This case series aimed to assess the impact of the smoking intervention model, which is standard of care, on the participant's smoking habits over four time points...
July 21, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733926/perioperative-management-of-endocrine-insufficiency-after-total-pancreatectomy-for-neoplasia
#10
REVIEW
Ajay V Maker, Raashid Sheikh, Vinita Bhagia
PURPOSE: Indications for total pancreatectomy (TP) have increased, including for diffuse main duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and malignancy; therefore, the need persists for surgeons to develop appropriate endocrine post-operative management strategies. The brittle diabetes after TP differs from type 1/2 diabetes in that patients have absolute deficiency of insulin and functional glucagon. This makes glucose management challenging, complicates recovery, and predisposes to hospital readmissions...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733851/autism-and-equine-assisted-interventions-a-systematic-mapping-review
#11
B Caitlin McDaniel Peters, Wendy Wood
This systematic mapping review mapped current knowledge of equine-assisted interventions for people with autism to help guide future practice and research. Thirty-three studies including children and adolescents with autism, 3 of which confirmed diagnoses, were reviewed. Five types of equine-assisted activities were identified across 25 studies, with reported improvements in behavior, social interaction, and communication. Four types of equine-assisted therapies were identified across 8 studies, with reported improvements in motor control and self-care...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733586/study-of-microstructure-and-fracture-properties-of-blunt-notched-and-sharp-cracked-high-density-polyethylene-specimens
#12
Huanyu Pan, Sheila Devasahayam, Sri Bandyopadhyay
This paper examines the effect of a broad range of crosshead speed (0.05 to 100 mm/min) and a small range of temperature (25 °C and 45 °C) on the failure behaviour of high density polyethylene (HDPE) specimens containing a) standard size blunt notch and b) standard size blunt notch plus small sharp crack - all tested in air. It was observed that the yield stress properties showed linear increase with the natural logarithm of strain rate. The stress intensity factors under blunt notch and sharp crack conditions also increased linearly with natural logarithm of the crosshead speed...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733442/-89-zr-lumretuzumab-pet-imaging-before-and-during-her3-antibody-lumretuzumab-treatment-in-patients-with-solid-tumors
#13
Frederike Bensch, Laetitia E Lamberts, Michaël M Smeenk, Annelies Jorritsma-Smit, Marjolijn N Lub-de Hooge, Anton G T Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Johan R de Jong, Jourik A Gietema, Carolina P Schröder, Marlene Thomas, Wolfgang Jacob, Keelara Abiraj, Celine Adessi, Georgina Meneses-Lorente, Ian James, Martin Weisser, Adrienne H Brouwers, Elisabeth G de Vries
Purpose: We evaluated biodistribution and tumor targeting of (89)Zr-lumretuzumab before and during treatment with lumretuzumab, a human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3)-targeting monoclonal antibody. <p>Experimental design: 20 patients with histologically confirmed HER3-expressing tumors received (89)Zr-lumretuzumab and underwent Positron Emission Tomography (PET). In Part A, (89)Zr-lumretuzumab was given with additional, escalating doses of unlabeled lumretuzumab and scans were performed 2, 4 and 7 days postinjection to determine optimal imaging conditions...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733092/exercise-training-to-reduce-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-heart-failure-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
María Javiera Saavedra, Fernando Romero, Jorge Roa, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of exercise training on sympathetic nerve activity in heart failure patients. METHODS: A systematic review was performed. An electronic search of MEDLINE, ProQuest, SciELO, SPORTDiscus, Rehabilitation and Sport Medicine Source, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Tripdatabase, Science Direct and PEDrO was performed from their inception to February 2017. Clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies were considered for primary article selection...
July 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732219/perioperative-systemic-corticosteroids-in-orthognathic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Simon Jean, Pierre-Luc Dionne, Carl Bouchard, Luc Giasson, Alexis F Turgeon
PURPOSE: Perioperative systemic corticosteroids are broadly used in orthognathic surgery to prevent postoperative complications, but it is unclear whether this practice is beneficial and concerns about potential side effects have been raised. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effects of perioperative systemic corticosteroids on clinically important outcomes in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of systemic corticosteroids in orthognathic surgery compared with placebo or any other intervention...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732093/attitudes-among-transplant-professionals-regarding-shifting-paradigms-in-eligibility-criteria-for-live-kidney-donation
#16
Jeffrey A Lafranca, Emerentia Q W Spoon, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Jan N M IJzermans, Frank J M F Dor
BACKGROUND: The transplant community increasingly accepts extended criteria live kidney donors, however, great (geographical) differences are present in policies regarding the acceptance of these donors, and guidelines do not offer clarity. The aim of this survey was to reveal these differences and to get an insight in both centre policies as well as personal beliefs of transplant professionals. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 1128 ESOT-members. Questions were included about several extended donor criteria; overweight/obesity, older age, vascular multiplicity, minors as donors and comorbidities; hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, kidney stones, malignancies and renal cysts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731986/the-effect-of-sex-on-heart-rate-variability-at-high-altitude
#17
Christopher John Boos, Emma Vincent, Adrian Mellor, John O'Hara, Caroline Newman, Richard Cruttenden, Phylip Scott, Mark Cooke, Jamie Matu, David Richard Woods
There is evidence to suggest that high altitude (HA) exposure leads to a fall in heart rate variability (HRV) that is linked to the development of acute mountain sickness (AMS). The effects of sex on changes in HRV at HA and its relationship to AMS are unknown. METHODS: HRV (5-minute single lead ECG) was measured in 63 healthy adults (41 men and 22 women) aged 18-56 years at sea level (SL) and during a HA trek at 3619m, 4600m and 5140m respectively. The main effects of altitude (SL, 3619, 4600 and 5140m) and sex (men vs women) and their potential interaction were assessed using a Factorial Repeated Measures ANOVA...
July 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731901/should-first-line-empiric-treatment-strategies-for-neonates-cover-coagulase-negative-staphylococcal-infections-in-kenya
#18
Anna C Seale, Christina W Obiero, Kelsey Jones, Hellen C Barsosio, Johnstone Thitiri, Moses Ngari, Susan Morpeth, Shebe Mohammed, Greg Fegan, Neema Mturi, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa, and a third of deaths are estimated to result from infection. Whilst coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) are leading neonatal pathogens in resource-rich settings, their role, and the need for early anti-staphylococcal treatment in empiric antibiotic guidelines, is unknown in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We examined systematic clinical and microbiologic surveillance data from all neonatal admissions to Kilifi County Hospital (1998-2013) to determine associated case fatality and/or prolonged duration of admission associated with CoNS in neonates treated according to standard WHO guidelines...
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731808/clinical-practice-in-pet-ct-for-the-management-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-cancer
#19
Reema Goel, William Moore, Baran Sumer, Saad Khan, David Sher, Rathan M Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to summarize the evidence for the value of PET/CT for the management of patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer and suggest best clinical practices. CONCLUSION: FDG PET/CT is a valuable imaging tool for identifying unknown primary tumors in patients with known cervical node metastases leading to management change and is the standard of care for the initial staging of stage III and IV head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs), for assessing therapy response when performed at least 12 weeks after chemoradiation therapy, and for avoiding unnecessary planned neck dissection...
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731743/nonadiabatic-kohn-anomaly-in-heavily-boron-doped-diamond
#20
Fabio Caruso, Moritz Hoesch, Philipp Achatz, Jorge Serrano, Michael Krisch, Etienne Bustarret, Feliciano Giustino
We report evidence of a nonadiabatic Kohn anomaly in boron-doped diamond, using a joint theoretical and experimental analysis of the phonon dispersion relations. We demonstrate that standard calculations of phonons using density-functional perturbation theory are unable to reproduce the dispersion relations of the high-energy phonons measured by high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering. On the contrary, by taking into account nonadiabatic effects within a many-body field-theoretic framework, we obtain excellent agreement with our experimental data...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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