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Maxillofacial review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243692/book-review-dentist-on-the-ward-2017-7th-edition-an-introduction-to-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-and-medicine-for-core-trainees-in-dentistry
#1
M Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217940/audit-of-oral-histopathology-service-at-a-nigerian-tertiary-institution-over-a-24-year-period
#2
Akindayo O Akinyamoju, Bukola F Adeyemi, Akinyele O Adisa, Chidinma N Okoli
Background: Biopsies are often essential for definitive diagnosis of oro-facial lesions and are a part of oral diagnostic procedures carried out in histopathology laboratories. At present, there is paucity of literature on the audit of oral histopathology services in Nigeria. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of biopsied oral lesions in a Nigerian tertiary institution. Also to profile the usage of oral pathology service and to identify challenges that may be present in an oral histodiagnostic service...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207845/two-episodes-of-trigeminocardiac-reflex-during-a-pan-facial-fracture-surgery-a-rare-phenomenon-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Abhishek Bhattacharjee, Prashanth Rajaram, Abhishek Khatua, K B Rudresh, Pallavi B Krishnamurthy
Trigeminocardiac reflex is a sudden physiologic response due to mechanical manipulation of any of the branches of trigeminal nerve. Trigeminocardiac reflex occurs due to pressure effect or stretching of trigeminal nerve which causes fall in blood pressure and decrease in heart rate. In this reflex arc, the trigeminal nerve serves as afferent pathway and vagus nerve, which is cardio inhibitory in nature, serves as efferent pathway. Two episodes of trigeminocardiac reflex during maxillofacial trauma surgery is not a common phenomenon...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203339/head-and-neck-merkel-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-case-series-and-critical-literature-review-with-emphasis-on-treatment-and-prognosis
#4
Ioannis Papadiochos, Anna Patrikidou, Aikaterini Patsatsi, Doxa Mangoudi, Henri Thuau, Konstantinos Vahtsevanos
OBJECTIVE: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare cutaneous malignancy with a high recurrence and mortality rates. More than half of MCCs occur in the head and neck region. This paper aims to present a retrospective case series study of primary MCCs of the head and neck treated in our department over 12 years. STUDY DESIGN: Six patients were identified, and their characteristics, treatment modalities, and outcomes are reported. A critical review of the current literature is also included to provide up-to-date information on MCCs with special emphasis on treatment modalities and disease prognosis...
December 1, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200368/influence-of-fasting-duration-on-body-fluid-and-hemodynamics
#5
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
Fasting before general anesthesia aims to reduce the volume and acidity of stomach contents, which reduces the risk of regurgitation and aspiration. Prolonged fasting for many hours prior to surgery could lead to unstable hemodynamics, however. Therefore, preoperative oral intake of clear fluids 2 hours prior to surgery is recommended to decrease dehydration without an increase in aspiration risk. In this study, we investigated the body fluid composition and hemodynamics of patients undergoing general anesthesia as the first case of the day versus the second subsequent case...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194265/computed-tomographic-artifacts-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#6
Jun Ho Kim, Emiko Saito Arita, Lucas Rodrigues Pinheiro, Marcelo Yoshimoto, Plauto Christopher Aranha Watanabe, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to present 4 cases and to undertake a systematic review on the current knowledge of the impact of cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) artifacts on oral and maxillofacial surgical planning and follow-up. METHODS: The MEDLINE (PubMed) database was searched for the period from February 2004 to February 2017, for studies on the impact of CBCT artifacts on surgical planning of oral and maxillofacial surgeries. The PRISMA statement was followed during data assessment and extraction...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189862/-management-of-facial-injuries-in-the-emergency-room
#7
Andrés Campolo G, Allan Mix V, Camila Foncea R, Hernán Ramírez S, Alex Vargas D, Ignacio Goñi E
Facial injuries are cause of consultation in emergency departments. The maxillofacial region contains several structures that are vital for life. Hence, an early assessment and management of facial injuries is important to avoid their consequential complications and eventual mortality. This article is a review of the literature about the emergency clinical assessment and management of traumatic facial injuries by non-specialists.
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188652/-clinical-applications-of-stem-cells-from-human-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth-in-stem-cell-therapy
#8
Li Xiaoxia, Fangteng Jiaozi, Yu Shi, Zhao Yuming, Ge Lihong
Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) are one category of dental stem cells. They belong to ectodermal mesenchymal stem cells. As an ideal stem cell source, SHED possess great potential in stem cell therapy. This review demonstrates the biological characteristics and advantages of SHED in stem cell therapy and discusses its multiple functions in tissue regeneration and repair, including multiple differentiation potentiality, cell secretion of cytokines, and immunomodulatory ability. Furthermore, this article introduces the main findings regarding the potential clinical applications of SHED to a variety of diseases...
October 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154774/recommendations-for-care-of-geriatric-maxillofacial-trauma-patients-following-a-retrospective-10-year-multicenter-review
#9
Robert Shumate, Jason Portnof, Melissa Amundson, Eric Dierks, Robert Batdorf, Patrick Hardigan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze maxillofacial trauma sustained by patients at least 75 years old. With the injury patterns identified, treatment recommendations for the contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgeon are made. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series using data from 2 level 1 trauma centers. The variables of interest included age at traumatic event, gender, mechanism of trauma, concomitant injuries, radiographic studies performed, management of maxillofacial injuries, and disposition...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153241/treatment-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-a-child-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Eric J Granquist
The oral and maxillofacial surgeon is instrumental in the management and care of pediatric patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and should include JIA in the differential when evaluating pediatric patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Medical management has largely decreased the need for surgical intervention, but these patients may require intraarticular steroid injections of the TMJ, close follow-up to monitor their facial growth, and management of the subsequent postinflammatory degenerative TMJ changes...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142872/isolated-tympanic-plate-fracture-detected-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography-report-of-four-cases-with-review-of-literature
#11
Ashita Ritesh Kalaskar, Ritesh Kalaskar
The tympanic plate is a small part of the temporal bone that separates the mandibular condyle from the external auditory canal. Fracture of this small plate is rare and usually associated with other bony fractures, mainly temporal and mandibular bone. There is a limited amount of literature on this subject, which increases the chance of cases being overlooked by physicians and radiologists. This is further supported by purely isolated cases of tympanic plate fracture without evidence of other bony fractures...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134161/pneumatization-patterns-of-the-petrous-apex-and-lateral-sphenoid-recess
#12
Alexander Malone, Margherita Bruni, Robert Wong, Mark Tabor, K Paul Boyev
Introduction  The petrous apex poses a challenge for surgical intervention due to poor access. As intraoperative image guidance and surgical instrumentation improve, newer endoscopic approaches are increasingly favored. This study aims to provide normative data on the anatomy of the lateral sphenoid sinus recess and petrous apex. These normative data could assist in determining the efficacy of a transnasal transsphenoidal approach to lesions of the anteroinferior petrous apex. Methods  This is a retrospective study investigating normative data on all maxillofacial computed tomography (CT) scans performed at a level I trauma center over a 6-month period...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132582/airway-management-in-trauma
#13
REVIEW
George Kovacs, Nicholas Sowers
Airway management in the trauma patient presents numerous unique challenges beyond placement of an endotracheal tube and outcomes are dependent on the provider's ability to anticipate difficulty. Airway management strategies for the care of the polytrauma patient are reviewed, with specific considerations for those presenting with traumatic brain injury, suspected c-spine injury, the contaminated airway, the agitated trauma patient, maxillofacial trauma, and the traumatized airway. An approach to airway management that considers the potential anatomic and physiologic challenges in caring for these complicated trauma patients is presented...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122305/reconstruction-of-cranioplasty-using-medpor-porouspolyethylene-implant
#14
B Marlier, J-C Kleiber, M Bannwarth, E Theret, C Eap, C F Litre
INTRODUCTION: We describe our experience of cranioplasty after a calvarial defect, following an external decompressive craniectomy, with the Medpor® (Stryker®) porous polyethylene implant for cosmetic cranioplasty and reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 23 consecutive patients who underwent cranioplasty at a single institution between January 2013 and January 2016: 9 patients after head injury and 14 patients after vascular event (ruptured aneurysm, intraprenchymal haematoma, malignant cerebrovascular accident)...
December 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105932/bioactive-treatments-in-bone-grafts-for-implant-based-rehabilitation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Wellington Luiz de Oliveira da Rosa, Tiago Machado da Silva, Adriana Fernandes da Silva, Evandro Piva
BACKGROUND: The use of bioactive proteins, such as rhBMP-2, may improve bone regeneration in oral and maxillofacial surgery. PURPOSE: Analyze the effect of using bioactive proteins for bone regeneration in implant-based rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven databases were screened. Only clinical trials that evaluated the use of heterologous sources of bioactive proteins for bone formation prior to implant-based rehabilitation were included...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101582/most-cited-publications-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#16
Nawaf Aslam-Pervez, Joshua E Lubek
BACKGROUND: Citation is one of the most important forms of acknowledgment and recognition received by our peers in academia. This study identifies and characterizes the current topmost highly cited publications in journals specifically dedicated to the specialty. The purpose of this study is to identify, using the citation count, works that have made key contributions in the field and to provide insight into the direction the specialty has taken in the last 30 years. METHODS: Four journals that were dedicated to the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) were selected...
November 4, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098006/formation-of-condyle-like-structure-after-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-literature-review-and-long-term-follow-up-of-two-patients
#17
Orhan Güven
Treatment of ankylosis is one of the greatest challenges in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery. To provide a satisfactory mouth opening, as well as normal jaw function, and to prevent reankylosis in the long term are the most important principles in the treatment of TMJ ankylosis. These functions have been attained in both of the presented patients in the long term. It is known that heterotopic bone formation is rare in the maxillofacial area, but rapid bone regeneration which reconstitutes a new condyle is rarer...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097138/does-length-of-intubation-before-tracheostomy-affect-intensive-care-unit-length-of-stay
#18
Shaun R Young, Gary F Bouloux, Sebastian D Perez, Shelly Abramowicz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if length of intubation before tracheotomy (LIT) affects length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series of patients who had open tracheotomies at Grady Memorial Hospital by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) service. Medical records were reviewed to document patient demographic characteristics, etiology for ventilator dependence, and complications. The primary predictor variable was LIT and primary outcome variable was length of stay in ICU after tracheotomy...
September 27, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095791/clinical-efficacy-of-tooth-bone-graft-a-systematic-review-and-risk-of-bias-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials-and-observational-studies
#19
Amit S Gharpure, Neel B Bhatavadekar
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the clinical efficacy of the tooth-bone graft as a bone substitute in the oral and maxillofacial region in humans as compared to ungrafted sites and other bone substitutes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases were electronically and manually searched up to January 2017 to identify animal and human studies and a risk of bias analysis and descriptive statistics was performed. RESULTS: Eighteen animal controlled trials (401 animals), 4 human randomized controlled trials, 1 cohort study, and 3 controlled trials (184 patients) were included...
October 30, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078865/effectiveness-safety-and-predictors-of-response-to-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-refractory-masticatory-myalgia-a-retrospective-study
#20
Shehryar N Khawaja, Steven J Scrivani, Nicole Holland, David A Keith
PURPOSE: Masticatory muscle pain disorders respond well to conservative therapy; however, in some patients the pain becomes refractory. Botulinum toxin type A (BoT-A) therapy has been shown to be an effective modality in the management of refractory headache disorders. Conversely, there are conflicting reports in the literature regarding the efficacy, safety, and predictors of therapeutic response to BoT-A therapy for management of refractory masticatory muscle pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent at least 2 injection cycles of 100 U of BoT-A for refractory masticatory myalgia in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, between May 2012 and June 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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