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Maxillofacial review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447831/rhabdomyolysis-after-prolonged-surgery-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-literature
#1
Rebecca Grammer, Jingping Wang, Edward Lahey
Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which damaged muscle tissue breaks down and intracellular contents, including myoglobin, are released into the circulation. This produces a nonspecific clinical syndrome including electrolyte disturbances, hypovolemia, metabolic acidosis, coagulopathies, and risk of acute kidney injury. Rhabdomyolysis has been reported as a complication of prolonged surgical procedures but has rarely been reported in the oral and maxillofacial surgery literature. Early diagnosis and treatment of rhabdomyolysis are important to avoid long-term complications such as renal failure...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442089/reactive-hyperplastic-lesions-of-the-oral-cavity-a-retrospective-survey-study-and-literature-review
#2
Varsha Ajit Sangle, V K Pooja, Anuja Holani, Nishat Shah, Mayur Chaudhary, Sneha Khanapure
Context: The reactive lesions are relatively common in the oral cavity because of the frequency with which the tissues are injured. They often result from a known stimulus or injury such as dental plaque, calculus, or foreign material. Aims: The aim of this study was to review the clinicopathologic features of reactive hyperplastic lesions (RHLs) of the oral cavity at MIDSR, Dental College and Hospital, Latur, Maharashtra, and to compare these data with those of previously reported studies...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435520/chronic-non-suppurative-mandibular-osteomyelitis-with-proliferative-periostitis-a-review
#3
Ihsène Taihi, Loredana Radoi
Chronic non-suppurative osteomyelitis (CNSO) is a chronic bone disease and may be associated with a reparative periosteum entity called proliferative periostitis (PP). This condition rarely affects the maxillofacial region. Mandibular cases were already described for an infectious dental cause, often with an "onion skin" radiographic aspect, but some rare reported cases showed no obvious etiology. They represent a challenge for diagnosis because of possible misdiagnosis leading to unsuccessful or inappropriate treatment attempts...
February 12, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434756/long-term-survival-after-corrective-surgeries-in-two-patients-with-severe-deformities-due-to-roberts-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Jing Zhou, Xiaonan Yang, Xiaolei Jin, Zhenhua Jia, Haibin Lu, Zuoliang Qi
Roberts syndrome (RBS; OMIM 268300) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by retardation before and after birth, cranial and maxillofacial deformities, limb anomalies and intellectual disability. Mutations in the establishment of cohesion 1 homologue 2 (ESCO2) gene on chromosome 8p21.1 have been found to be causative for RBS. We describe two patients with RBS with physical deformities and ll. One is an 8-year-old Yemeni male, and the other is his 13-year-old sister. These patients were diagnosed with RBS and underwent surgeries during their first to third years of life...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429237/-advances-in-the-p75-neurotrophic-factor-receptor-in-stomatology
#5
Z M Dong, L Zhang, X J Wen, L C Liu
The p75 neurotrophic factor receptor is a low affinity receptor for neurotrophic factors and plays an important role in nerve growth, development and function integrity. It is closely related to dental development, oral and maxillofacial tumor, nerve repair and tissue engineering. It shows good prospect for application. In this paper, the research progress of p75 neurotrophic factor receptor in Stomatology is reviewed.
February 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422307/percutaneous-treatment-of-orofacial-vascular-malformations
#6
A Sindel, A Sayan, Ö Özgür, T Sindel, V Ilankovan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous injection of bleomycin as the primary treatment for low-flow vascular malformations. A total of 34 patients (mean (range) age 24 (8-51) years) with orofacial vascular lesions were treated in the Department of Interventional Radiology and Maxillofacial Surgery. There were 20 low-flow venous malformations, 11 lymphatic malformations, and three of mixed type. All patients were treated by fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous injection of a mixture of bleomycin (mean (range) 15 (5-15)mg) and a radio-opaque agent (Ultravist® (iopromide), Bayer)/session...
February 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399678/chronic-non-suppurative-mandibular-osteomyelitis-with-proliferative-periostitis-a-review
#7
Ihsène Taihi, Loredana Radoi
Chronic non-suppurative osteomyelitis (CNSO) is a chronic bone disease and may be associated with a reparative periosteum entity called proliferative periostitis (PP). This condition rarely affects the maxillofacial region. Mandibular cases were already described for an infectious dental cause, often with an "onion skin" radiographic aspect, but some rare reported cases showed no obvious etiology. They represent a challenge for diagnosis because of possible misdiagnosis leading to unsuccessful or inappropriate treatment attempts...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399256/lip-measurements-and-preferences-in-asians-and-hispanics-a-brief-review
#8
REVIEW
Ramya Kollipara, Bridget Walker, Ashley Sturgeon
Objective: Most literature regarding lip augmentation refers to Caucasian anthropometric measurements, but ethnic differences affect facial dimensions and the evaluation of beauty. Specifically with regard to Asians and Hispanics, dermatology does not have much literature on the subject. This review investigates the differences in lip measurements and preferences of Asians and Hispanics compared with those of Caucasians. Design: A literature search of other fields, including plastic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, and forensic anthropology, was conducted, and relevant articles were selected that applied to the discussion of lip measurements and preferences in Asians and Hispanics...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397341/patient-morbidity-among-residents-extracting-third-molars-does-experience-matter
#9
Mohmedvasim Momin, Timothy Albright, Jennie Leikin, Michael Miloro, Michael R Markiewicz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the complication rates for third molar extractions, based on resident level within an oral and maxillofacial surgery program, and to identify the risk factors associated with postoperative complications following third molar extractions. STUDY DESIGN: Records of 1992 patients (5466 third molar extractions) over a 5-year period were reviewed. Data were collected by using appropriate Current Dental Terminology codes from July 1, 2011, to June 30, 2016...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395555/reporting-standards-in-clinical-studies-evaluating-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Iain R Murray, Patrick G Robinson, Christopher C West, Ewan B Goudie, Li Y Yong, Timothy O White, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of clinical studies evaluating bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) in the treatment of musculoskeletal pathology to compare levels of reporting with recently published minimum standards. METHODS: A systematic review of the clinical literature from August 2002 to August 2017 was performed. Human clinical studies published in English and involving the administration of BMAC for musculoskeletal applications were included...
January 22, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391730/odontogenic-tumors-review-of-127-cases-in-marathwada-region-of-maharashtra
#11
Atul Bhagwat, S R Barpande, J D Bhavthankar, M S Mandale, Jayanti Humbe, Preeti Singh
Introduction: Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are a group of heterogeneous lesions derived from epithelial or ectomesenchymal tissues or both, which are part of the tooth-forming apparatus. They range from hamartomatous or nonneoplastic tissue proliferations to malignant neoplasms with metastatic capacity. OTs are comparatively rare, comprising about 4.79% of all oral and maxillofacial biopsy specimens diagnosed. Several retrospective studies carried out in Africa, Asia, Europe and America, show that differences exist in the relative frequency of the various histologic types...
September 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391160/identification-of-independent-risk-factors-for-complications-a-retrospective-analysis-of-163-fibular-free-flaps-for-mandibulofacial-reconstruction
#12
Haixuan Wu, Funing Liu, Fengtao Ji, Mingyan Guo, Youyuan Wang, Minghui Cao
PURPOSE: Fibular free flap transfer is a powerful tool available to the reconstructive surgeon when treating oral and maxillofacial defects, but complications still occasionally occur and predictive analysis focusing on this specific flap is limited in terms of risk factors for complication. The purpose of this study was to identify key variables associated with complications in patients undergoing fibular free flap transfer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of 163 consecutive patients who underwent fibular free flap surgery at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, between 2012 and 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390511/mandibular-fracture-patterns-at-a-medical-center-in-central-taiwan-a-3-year-epidemiological-review
#13
Fu-Yu Lin, Chao-I Wu, Hsu-Tang Cheng
Mandibular fractures constitute a major portion of maxillofacial trauma and may lead to considerable functional and aesthetic sequelae if treatment is inadequate or delayed. An epidemiology study on mandibular fractures may guide the preventive efforts of the Taiwan public health care system. Therefore, a retrospective review was conducted at a medical center in central Taiwan to evaluate the current mandibular fracture epidemiology.The medical records and digitized radiographs of 198 patients who received treatment for mandibular fractures during a 3-year period (from October 2010 to September 2013) at a medical center in central Taiwan were reviewed to obtain demographic and injury data...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389350/dental-considerations-and-the-role-of-prosthodontics-and-maxillofacial-prosthetics-in-facial-transplantation
#14
Natalie M Plana, João Malta Barbosa, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Lawrence E Brecht, Eduardo D Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Facial transplantation (FT) is a challenging reconstructive endeavor that requires the expertise of a multidisciplinary team. The specific role of maxillofacial prosthodontists has not yet been reported in detail. METHODS: This review considers the contributions of prosthodontists throughout the FT process, from patient selection and dental evaluation to long-term dental rehabilitation of the transplant patient postoperatively. Moreover, considerations of dental management are evaluated...
February 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387298/prosthetics-in-facial-reconstruction
#15
REVIEW
Jaclyn Klimczak, Samuel Helman, Sameep Kadakia, Raja Sawhney, Manoj Abraham, Allison K Vest, Yadranko Ducic
Reconstruction of the head and neck can be a challenging undertaking owing to numerous considerations for successful rehabilitation. Although head and neck defects were once considered irretrievably morbid and associated with a poor quality of life, advances in surgical technique has immensely contributed to the well-being of these patients. However, all patients are not suitable surgical candidates and many have sought nonsurgical options for functional and cosmetic restoration. As such, the advent of prostheses has ameliorated those concerns and provided a viable alternative for select patient populations...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384955/a-rare-case-report-of-complications-in-craniofacial-injuries-cavernous-sinus-carotid-fistula
#16
Dong Wang, Xiao-Mei Sun, Jin Wu
RATIONALE: Cavernous sinus-carotid fistula (CCF) is a rare complication of craniofacial injuries in patients receiving oral and maxillofacial surgical care. PATIENT CONCERNS: A retrospective review of 15 patients with CCF records was conducted. In addition, we present a rare case of a 32-year-old Chinese woman with CCF receiving oral and maxillofacial surgical care. DIAGNOSES: Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) confirmed a diagnosis of CCF...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383316/solitary-head-and-neck-cysticercosis-a-series-of-rare-cases
#17
Priyanko Chakraborty, Rakhi Kumari, Rajiv-Kumar Jain, Vikash Prasad, Sidharth Pradhan, Purnima Joshi
Introduction: Cysticercosis is a disease which is caused by the infestation of the larvae Taenia solium, with humans acting as an intermediate host instead of a definitive host. Head and neck involvement including maxillofacial and oral involvement of cysticercosis is quite rare. Case Report: We report a series of rare cases of cysticercosis of the head and neck region encountered in a tertiary hospital in Northern India with a brief review of literature and its diagnosis and management...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372954/treatment-options-for-amelobastic-carcinoma-of-the-mandible-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
G A Sheridan, M A Nusrath, M Toner, L Fa Stassen
We retrospectively review the only three cases in the Irish National Maxillofacial Unit over a 12-year period. Methods involved retrospectively reviewing clinical notes, radiology and histopathology of three cases. Case one was an 80-year-old male presenting with mandibular swelling, who received radiotherapy alone. Case two was a 26-year-old male with swelling and odynophagia. He underwent left hemimandibulectomy and fibular free flap reconstruction. Case three was a 64-year-old female with mental nerve involvement who underwent a right hemimandibulectomy...
September 18, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365292/3d-cinematic-rendering-of-the-calvarium-maxillofacial-structures-and-skull-base-preliminary-observations
#19
Steven P Rowe, James Zinreich, Elliot K Fishman
3D visualizations of volumetric data from CT have gained widespread clinical acceptance and are an important method for evaluating complex anatomy and pathology. Recently, cinematic rendering (CR), a new 3D visualization methodology, has become available. CR utilizes a lighting model that allows for the production of photorealistic images from isotropic voxel data. Given how new this technique is, studies to evaluate its clinical utility and any potential advantages or disadvantages relative to other 3D methods such as volume rendering (VR) have yet to be published...
January 24, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363434/gorham-stout-disease-of-the-temporal-bone-involving-the-temporomandibular-joint
#20
D Mulvihill, R S Kumar, J Muzaffar, R Irving
BACKGROUND: Gorham-Stout disease of the skull is a very rare entity. It presents with gradual bone resorption, and proliferation of lymphoid and vascular channels within the bony matrix. This is often a diagnosis of exclusion confirmed with serial imaging and based on radiological evidence. CASE REPORT: A case of Gorham-Stout disease of the temporal bone involving the temporomandibular joint, and presenting with sensorineural hearing loss and recurrent temporomandibular joint dislocation, is reported...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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