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Maxillofacial review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673800/blindness-after-facial-trauma-epidemiology-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-27-year-cohort-study-of-5708-patients
#1
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Michalis Mezitis, George Rallis
OBJECTIVES: This was a 27-year study of a cohort of 5708 patients who had sustained maxillofacial fractures. Our purpose was to present the etiology, mechanism of trauma, site, and concomitant injuries that led to visual loss. We hypothesize that fractures caused by high-energy impact of the midface may be associated with blindness. A discussion of the treatment approaches is also included. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 5708 patients who had sustained a maxillofacial fracture during the years 1985-2012...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656422/role-of-lactoferrin-and-lactoferrin-derived-peptides-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Kabilan Velliyagounder, Dania Bahdila, Siddhi Pawar, Daniel H Fine
The oral cavity harbors different taxonomic groups, the evolutionary co-existence of which develops the oral ecosystem. These resident microorganisms can alter the balance between the physiologic and pathologic conditions that affect the host, both locally and systemically. This highly sophisticated nature of the oral cavity poses a significant therapeutic challenge. Numerous human and animal studies have been conducted to potentiate the efficacy and competence of current treatments of pathologic conditions as well as to develop novel therapeutic modalities...
April 14, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652018/restricted-mouth-opening-and-its-definitive-management-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Bhushan Kumar, Aquaviva Fernandes, Prabhdeep Kaur Sandhu
Purpose: This review was intended to discuss the various possible modifications suggested in the literature for prosthetic steps and surgical corrective procedures in nonresponding or complicated cases during rehabilitation of patients with restricted mouth opening. Material and Methods: Medline, PubMed, and Google were searched electronically for articles using keywords: microstomia and treatment options for restricted mouth opening. The various articles on prosthodontic rehabilitation in microstomia were segregated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650475/use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma-surgery-a-review
#4
REVIEW
R Ologunde, N M H McLeod
In the UK, about one person/100/year sustains a facial injury, so trauma surgery accounts for a considerable part of the caseload in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS). Patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) allow for patient-centred assessment of postoperative outcomes, but to our knowledge, most research in OMFS trauma does not currently include them. To investigate their use, we searched Medline to find relevant studies that reported outcomes from inception in January 1879 to August 2016. Those not in the English language and those that did not report operations were excluded...
April 9, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622307/preoperative-evaluation-and-patient-selection-for-office-based-oral-surgery-anesthesia
#5
REVIEW
Stuart Lieblich
Provision of an outpatient anesthetic requires careful review of the patient's medical history along with salient aspects of the physical examination. The oral and maxillofacial surgeon may need to consult with the patient's medical providers to gain an understanding of the patient's potential risks for an adverse event. This article reviews key aspects of the patient evaluation so that an informed determination of suitability for an office anesthetic can be made.
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621078/a-patient-with-severe-lower-face-degloving-injury
#6
Ivo Cavalcante Pita Neto, Jéferson Martins Pereira Lucena Franco, Eduardo Chaves Moreno, Pablo Pita, Francisco Aurelio Lucchesi Sandrini, David Gomes de Alencar Gondim
Avulsions of mandible are among the most devastating lesions observed in cranio-maxillofacial traumas. They present an important health problem because of the high risk of morbidity related to deformities that cause functional limitations and esthetic changes. The avulsions commonly result from high-energy effects, which cause complete or partial separation of the mandibular bone of the face. As a result of the intense aggression, the skin and subcutaneous tissues of the bone are usually removed, affecting muscles, fascia, blood vessels, and the surrounding nerves...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618350/impaction-of-lower-third-molars-and-their-association-with-age-radiological-perspectives
#7
Soukaina Ryalat, Saif Aldeen AlRyalat, Zaid Kassob, Yazan Hassona, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Faleh Sawair
BACKGROUND: Third molars are the most commonly impacted teeth, and their extraction is the most commonly performed procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The aim of the present study is to describe the pattern of mandibular third molar impaction and to define the most appropriate age for prophylactic extraction of mandibular third molar teeth. METHODS: A total of 1198 orthopantomographs (OPGs) with 1810 impacted lower third molars were reviewed by two authors...
April 4, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608476/outcomes-after-open-reduction-with-internal-fixation-of-mandible-fractures
#8
Rahman G Barry, Thao T Wolbert, Todd W Gress, Peter D Ray, Farid B Mozaffari
INTRODUCTION/HYPOTHESIS: Mandible fractures contribute substantially to morbidity after blunt trauma. Controversy exists surrounding the appropriate timing of surgical intervention and benefit from routine postreduction imaging. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 146 patients who sustained traumatic mandible fractures at a level 2 trauma center over a 5-year period, between January 2012 and December 2016. The authors excluded all patients who did not undergo surgery, underwent operative closed reduction only, sustained other significant maxillofacial injuries, penetrating mechanisms, and other major injuries based on injury severity scores (ISS) over 15...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577870/conflicts-of-interest-in-clinical-guidelines-lack-of-authors-and-disclosures-in-the-aaoms-white-papers
#9
Yisi D Ji, Edward T Lahey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current state of authorship, financial disclosures, and conflicts of interest in position papers published by the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional review of the position papers published by the AAOMS from 2013 to 2017. Primary outcome variables include position papers published by the AAOMS. Secondary outcome variables include declaration of authorship, financial disclosures, and financial payments...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570802/antibiotic-resistance-in-severe-odontogenic-infections-of-the-south-australian-population-a-9-year-retrospective-audit
#10
Isaac Liau, Jennie Han, Kristen Bayetto, Brendan May, Alastair Goss, Paul Sambrook, Andrew Cheng
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the microbiological trends in severe odontogenic infections requiring hospital admission in the South Australian Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. Rates of antibiotic resistance to empirical antibiotic regimens were determined to quantify the clinical implications of antibiotic resistant odontogenic infections. METHODS: A retrospective case-audit was performed of all odontogenic infections admitted at the Royal Adelaide Hospital over 9-year period...
March 23, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557349/oral-and-maxillofacial-tumours-in-children-and-adolescents-clinicopathologic-audit-of-75-cases-in-an-academic-medical-centre-sokoto-northwest-nigeria
#11
Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Mutiat Feyisetan Obileye, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Idris Kabiru Jaja
Background: Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region. Aim: To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Patients and Methods: Clinicopathologic records of the Departments of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paediatrics and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, were reviewed for all the oral and maxillofacial tumours managed in children <19 years from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538194/postoperative-complications-associated-with-different-fixation-methods-of-isolated-mandibular-angle-fractures
#12
Rafael Ferreira E Costa, Marina Reis Oliveira, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Valfrido Antônio Pereira-Filho, Eduardo Hochuli Vieira
The objective of this study was to review the medical records of patients with a history of mandibular angle fracture who were attended at the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology of FOAr/UNESP in the last 5 years. The data collected were subjected to chi-squared test (significance level of 5%). The authors reviewed 19 medical records. The main cause was physical aggression (58.00%), but with no statistical difference in relation to the other etiologies (P > 0.05). Regarding the type of fixation, one 2...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535965/comparison-of-accuracy-between-panoramic-radiography-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-maxillofacial-region-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Mehrdad Abdinian, Maedeh Aminian, Samad Seyyedkhamesi
Objectives: Foreign bodies (FBs) account for 3.8% of all pathologies of the head and neck region, and approximately one third of them are missed on initial examination. Thus, FBs represent diagnostic challenges to maxillofacial surgeons, rendering it necessary to employ an appropriate imaging modality in suspected cases. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, five different materials, including wood, metal, glass, tooth and stone, were prepared in three sizes (0...
February 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516904/adjuvant-therapy-for-intra-oral-surgical-oncological-defect-with-ancillary-prosthesis-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
S C Ahila, S K Jagdish
The role of a maxillofacial prosthodontist in the treatment of facial defects cannot be underestimated. A multidisciplinary approach is required during the rehabilitation procedure to bring out effective results. Ancillary maxillofacial prostheses limit the patient's disability and improve function. These prostheses are inevitable in restoring the function, esthetics, general, and psychological health of the patients. This article reviews the various ancillary-maxillofacial prostheses and throws light on their historical development...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513209/pharmacotherapy-in-temporomandibular-disorders-a-review
#15
Aviv Ouanounou, Michael Goldberg, Daniel A Haas
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a collective term that includes disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and of the masticatory muscles and their associated structures. TMDs are characterized by pain, joint sounds and restricted mandibular movement, and drugs are widely used in the management of that pain. Pharmacological agents commonly used for the treatment of TMDs include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, corticosteroids, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, anticonvulsants and benzodiazepines...
July 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505667/oral-myiasis-in-older-adult-with-severe-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Almir Oliva Filho, Danielle Dias, Águida Miranda, Eduardo Hebling
AIMS: Myiasis is a disease caused by the invasion of tissues by larvae of flies. The aim of this study was to carry out a review of reported cases of oral and maxillofacial myiasis in older adults and to show a case report of oral myiasis in a 95-year-old frail man with severe Alzheimer's disease from Brazil. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1988 and 2017, 35 oral and maxillofacial myiasis cases were reported in older adults in English-language studies from PubMed and Lilacs databases...
March 5, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496650/oral-maxillofacial-surgery-a-historical-review-of-the-development-of-the-surgical-discipline
#17
REVIEW
Syed Mahmood Haider, Wasay Latif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481519/risk-assessment-of-isolated-single-wall-orbit-fractures-and-eye-injury
#18
Todd E Thurston, Anee S Jackson, Naiman Nazir, Brian T Andrews, Danielle Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Ideally, all patients with isolated orbit fracture would undergo ophthalmologic evaluation before surgical intervention to rule out concomitant globe injury and possible vision loss. Unfortunately, not all institutions are capable of providing the evaluation before surgery. The authors hypothesize that the anatomic location of a single-wall orbit isolated orbit fracture can help predict the likelihood of ocular injury and thus identify high-risk patients who mandate ophthalmologic evaluation before surgical repair...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481502/retracted-or-withdrawn-publications-in-journals-relating-to-plastic-surgery
#19
Kun Hwang, XiaJing Wu
The aim of this study was to determine how many papers have been retracted or withdrawn, and for what reason, in journals relating to plastic surgery.PubMed and SCOPUS were used, with the search terms (retracted OR withdrawn) AND (article OR publication OR paper) AND {(plastic surgery) OR (cosmetic surgery) OR (maxillofacial surgery) OR (craniofacial surgery)}. The papers were analyzed and classified according to the reason for retraction or withdrawal, journal name, publication year, and author. In the PubMed and SCOPUS, 227 and 114 titles were found, respectively, from which 34 duplicate titles were removed...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480233/3d-reconstruction-images-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-applied-to-maxillofacial-fractures-a-case-study-and-mini-review
#20
Liyun Bai, Linlin Li, Kexin Su, Anthony Bleyer, Yuanyuan Zhang, Ping Ji
Maxillofacial injuries can be complex and are clinically important due to their functional and cosmetic significance. Maltreated and missed fractures might cause deformity of the face; thus, accurate evaluation of the fracture provided by X-ray images is critical. In this study, we explore the application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for diagnosis of severe maxillofacial traumas. A patient with a complex fracture that affects the maxilla, mandible, wall of the maxillary sinus, zygoma, zygomatic arch and nasal bone was diagnosed using 3D reconstruction of CBCT images...
2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
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