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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036995/-association-of-alcohol-use-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-male-population-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Y Z Zhang, Y Q Yu, Y Yuan, M A He, T C Wu
Objective: To investigate the association between alcohol use and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the middle-aged and elderly male population. Methods: All participants were from Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, 27 009 retired employees from Dongfeng Motor Corporation in Hubei Province were enrolled in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort baseline survey in 2008. In baseline study, information of alcohol use and other covariates were collected by semi-structured questionnaire and all participants completed physical examination including the test of fasting glucose and blood lipid levels...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036212/dietary-patterns-and-mental-health-after-myocardial-infarction
#2
Nathaly Rius-Ottenheim, Daan Kromhout, Femke P C Sijtsma, Johanna M Geleijnse, Erik J Giltay
BACKGROUND: Diet has been associated with better mental health in general populations, but less is known on this association in patients with a history of coronary heart disease. The objective of this study is to examine the cross-sectional associations between dietary patterns and mental health in elderly patients with a history of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Data were drawn from the final assessment of the Alpha Omega cohort that monitored patients with a history of myocardial infarction (age range 60-80 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035876/hydrogen-gas-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-independent-of-postconditioning-in-rats-by-attenuating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-autophagy
#3
Yunan Gao, Hongxiao Yang, Jing Chi, Qiannan Xu, Luqi Zhao, Weijia Yang, Weifan Liu, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To study the effect of inhaling hydrogen gas on myocardial ischemic/reperfusion(I/R) injury in rats. METHODS: Seventy male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups at random as the sham group (Sham). The I/R group (I/R), The ischemic postconditioning group (IPo), The I/R plus hydrogen group (IH2) and the ischemic postconditioning plus hydrogen group (IPoH2). The Sham group was without coronary occlusion. In I/R group, Ischemic/reperfusion injury was induced by coronary occlusion for 1 hour...
October 16, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035845/radiation-reduction-in-the-pediatric-catheterization-laboratory-using-a-novel-imaging-system
#4
Stephen Manu, Patcharapong Suntharos, Gerard J Boyle, Lu Wang, Lourdes R Prieto
OBJECTIVES: Radiation dose was compared between two modern imaging systems with different x-ray tube technology (Megalix vs Gigalix) and detector type (amorphous vs crystalline silicon) at the same institution. BACKGROUND: Further reduction in radiation dose than currently reported may be achievable with advances in x-ray tube and detector technology. METHODS: Radiation dose (air kerma, dose-area product [DAP]) was retrospectively compared for post-transplant pediatric patients undergoing right heart catheterization/biopsy (fluoroscopy only) or "annual" catheterization with coronary angiography in one of two imaging systems between January 2014 and December 2016...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035431/prognostic-application-of-thoracic-aortic-calcium-scoring-for-adverse-clinical-outcome-risk-in-elderly-patients-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#5
In Jeong Cho, Hyuk Jae Chang, Sang Eun Lee, Chi Young Shim, Geu Ru Hong, Namsik Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. Heavy aortic calcification exacerbates arterial stiffness, which consequently heightens left ventricular (LV) afterload. We assessed the usefulness of aortic calcification for predicting adverse cardiovascular outcomes and to determine whether the relationship, if any, differed as a function of LVH. METHODS: The analytic sample was comprised of a total of 487 individuals 65 years of age or older...
September 18, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034726/an-atypical-pseudoaneurysm-as-complication-of-prosthetic-aortic-valve-endocarditis
#6
Andrea I Guaricci, Rita L Musci, Delia De Santis, Donatella Argentiero, Luca Sgarra, Concetta Losito, Vito Marangelli, Frida Nacci, Domenico Zanna, Stefano Favale
Endocarditis of a prosthetic heart valve is a life-threatening condition that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Perivalvular extension in infective endocarditis includes complications such as periannular or intramyocardial abscesses, pseudoaneurysms and fistulae. The incidence of perivalvular extension ranges from 10 to 30% in native valve endocarditis and 30 to 55% in prosthetic aortic-valve endocarditis. Herein, we describe a case of a 66-year-old man who presented endocarditis of a prosthetic aortic valve complicated by infective pseudoaneurysm with localization next to the right coronary sinus of Valsalva...
October 16, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034473/development-and-maturation-of-the-fibrous-components-of-the-arterial-roots-in-the-mouse-heart
#7
Rachel Richardson, Lorraine Eley, Charlotte Donald-Wilson, Jonathon Davis, Natasha Curley, Ahlam Alqahtani, Lindsay Murphy, Robert H Anderson, Deborah J Henderson, Bill Chaudhry
The arterial roots are important transitional regions of the heart, connecting the intrapericardial components of the aortic and pulmonary trunks with their ventricular outlets. They house the arterial (semilunar) valves and, in the case of the aorta, are the points of coronary arterial attachment. Moreover, because of the semilunar attachments of the valve leaflets, the arterial roots span the anatomic ventriculo-arterial junction. By virtue of this arrangement, the interleaflet triangles, despite being fibrous, are found on the ventricular aspect of the root and located within the left ventricular cavity...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034199/cardioprotective-effects-of-achillea-wilhelmsii-on-the-isolated-rat-heart-in-ischemia-reperfusion
#8
M Mahmoudabady, M Lashkari, S Niazmand, M Soukhtanloo
CONTEXT: There are some reports about protective effects of Achillea on the heart. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of Achillea wilhelmsii extract on cardiac function during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in the isolated rat heart. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups; 1: Control group, 2: Control-ischemia (CI) 3: vitamin C (10 mg/kg), 4-6: Extract groups (E 100, E 200 and E 400 mg/kg). The animals received normal saline, vitamin C or A...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034073/unmet-goals-in-the-treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-review
#9
REVIEW
Alejandro Farah, Alejandro Barbagelata
Reperfusion therapy decreases myocardium damage during an acute coronary event and consequently mortality. However, there are unmet needs in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, consequently mortality and heart failure continue to occur in about 10% and 20% of cases, respectively. Different strategies could improve reperfusion. These strategies, like generation of warning sign recognition and being initially assisted and transferred by an emergency service, could reduce the time to reperfusion. If the first electrocardiogram is performed en route, it can be transmitted and interpreted in a timely manner by a specialist at the receiving center, bypassing community hospitals without percutaneous coronary intervention capabilities...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033611/stable-ischemic-heart-disease-in-women-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Fatima Samad, Anushree Agarwal, Zainab Samad
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women accounting for 1 in every 4 female deaths. Pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease in women includes epicardial coronary artery, endothelial dysfunction, coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion and spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Angina is the most common presentation of stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) in women. Risk factors for SIHD include traditional risks such as older age, obesity (body mass index [BMI] >25 kg/m(2)), smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disease, sedentary lifestyle, family history of premature coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus, and nontraditional risk factors, such as gestational diabetes, insulin resistance/polycystic ovarian disease, pregnancy-induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, menopause, mental stress and autoimmune diseases...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033557/the-correlates-of-social-capital-and-adherence-to-healthy-lifestyle-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#11
Jialie Fang, Ji-Wei Wang, Jiang Li, Hua Li, Chunhai Shao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlates of social capital and adherence to healthy lifestyle in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This register-based, cross-sectional study consisted of individuals diagnosed with CHD at four community health service centers, Shanghai, China, between April and July 2016 (n=609). The sociodemographic characteristics, social capital, adherence to physical activity, and nutrition data were obtained through face-to-face interviews...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033120/heart-rate-variability-and-lifetime-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-the%C3%A2-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#12
Yasuhiko Kubota, Lin Y Chen, Eric A Whitsel, Aaron R Folsom
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the heart rate variability (HRV)-related lifetime cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. METHODS: We followed 9744 participants without baseline CVD and used a life-table approach to estimate lifetime CVD risk (coronary heart disease, heart failure, and stroke) from 45 through 85 years according to several HRV measures (the SD of RR intervals [SDNN], the root mean square of successive differences of successive RR intervals, the mean of all normal RR intervals [meanNN], low-frequency [LF] and high-frequency [HF] power, and the LF/HF ratio)...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033048/comparison-of-outcome-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-with-the-mitraclip-in-patients-with-versus-without-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Juliëtte F Velu, Friso A Kortlandt, Tom Hendriks, Remco A J Schurer, Ad J van Boven, Karel T Koch, M Marije Vis, Jose P Henriques, Jan J Piek, Ben J L Van den Branden, Jeroen Schaap, Benno J Rensing, Martin J Swaans, Berto J Bouma, Jan A S Van der Heyden, Jan Baan
Percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip is an established treatment for patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) who are inoperable or at high risk for surgery. Atrial Fibrillation (AF) frequently coincides with MR, but only scarce data of the influence of AF on outcome after MitraClip is available. The aim of the current study was to compare the clinical outcome after MitraClip treatment in patients with versus without atrial fibrillation. Between January 2009 and January 2016, all consecutive patients treated with a MitraClip in 5 Dutch centers were included...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032905/analysis-of-wound-healing-time-and-wound-free-period-as-outcomes-after-surgical-and-endovascular-revascularization-for-critical-lower-limb-ischemia
#14
Jin Okazaki, Daisuke Matsuda, Kiyoshi Tanaka, Masaru Ishida, Sosei Kuma, Koichi Morisaki, Tadashi Furuyama, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Traditional end points, such as amputation-free survival, used to assess the clinical effectiveness of lower limb revascularization have shortcomings because they do not account independently for wound nonhealing and recurrence or patient survival. Wound healing process and maintenance of a wound-free state after revascularization were not well-studied. The aim of this study was to elucidate the long-term clinical course of ischemic wounds after revascularization. We focused on initial wound healing process as well as the maintenance of a wound-free state after achievement of wound healing...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032524/patterns-and-levels-of-platelet-glycosylation-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Liping Li, Chenxue Qu, Xuelian Wu, Juhua Dai, Yao Lu, Yan Gong, Ran You, Yaqi Liu
Coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) have high reactivity of platelets and an increased risk of thrombosis. Platelet glycosylation is closely related to platelet function and survival. However, the alteration of platelet glycosylation in CHD and T2DM still remains unknown. Platelet samples were obtained from 55 healthy controls and 102 patients, including 33 CHD, 30 T2DM and 39 CHD complicated with T2DM (CHD + T2DM). Platelet glycosylation was detected using eight-lectin based assay by flow cytometry...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032363/25-year-old-man-with-chest-pain
#16
Dhara Singh, Rachana Bhat, Shyam S Kothari
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 25-year-old man presented with complaints of acute-onset chest pain for 2 hours associated with diaphoresis and generalised weakness. He had history of smoking for 10 years. There was no history of hypertension, diabetes, family history of premature coronary artery disease or drug abuse. On evaluation, his heart rate was 76/min, blood pressure 130/90 mm Hg and oxygen saturation 97% on room air. Cardiovascular examination was normal. The ECG is shown in figure 1.heartjnl;heartjnl-2017-312164v1/F1F1F1Figure 1 QUESTION: What is the most likely diagnosis? HyperkalaemiaAcute myocardial infarctionEarly repolarisation syndromeAthlete heart syndrome...
October 14, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032138/wedge-pressure-rather-than-left%C3%A2-ventricular-end-diastolic-pressure-predicts-outcome-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#17
Julia Mascherbauer, Caroline Zotter-Tufaro, Franz Duca, Christina Binder, Matthias Koschutnik, Andreas A Kammerlander, Stefan Aschauer, Diana Bonderman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the prognostic power of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP) in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). BACKGROUND: It is broadly accepted that direct measurement of LVEDP in HFpEF more robustly reflects left ventricular hemodynamics than PAWP. METHODS: A total of 173 consecutive HFpEF patients were prospectively enrolled. Of these, 152 patients fulfilled registry inclusion criteria...
October 4, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031580/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-mid-range-ejection-fractions-a-systematic-angiography-approach
#18
Lory Trevisan, Jennifer Cautela, Noemie Resseguier, Marc Laine, Stephane Arques, Johan Pinto, Morgane Orabona, Jeremie Barraud, Michael Peyrol, Franck Paganelli, Laurent Bonello, Franck Thuny
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend careful screening and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in heart failure with preserved or mid-range ejection fraction (HFpEF/HFmEF). AIM: We aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of CAD using a prospective systematic coronary angiography approach. METHODS: A systematic coronary angiography protocol was applied in consecutive patients admitted for HFpEF/HFmEF during a 6-month period in a single centre...
October 11, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031174/dynamic-right-ventricular-outflow-obstruction-a-rare-cause-of-hypotension-during-anestesia-induction
#19
Maria Enrica Antoniucci, Christian Colizzi, Gabriella Arlotta, Maria Calabrese, Michele Corrado, Sergio Guarneri, Lorenzo Martinelli, Andrea Scapigliati, Roberto Zamparelli, Franco Cavaliere
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic obstruction of right ventricle outflow tract (RVOTO) is a rare condition that may acutely cause severe heart failure. It has been reported in some hypertrophic cardiomyopathies, after lung transplantation, and in some cases of hemodynamic instability after cardiopulmonary bypass. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 71-year-old man who developed severe hypotension during the induction of general anesthesia for surgical coronary revascularization...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030414/longitudinal-associations-between-marine-omega-3-supplement-users-and-coronary-heart-disease-in-a-uk-population-based-cohort
#20
Marleen A H Lentjes, Ruth H Keogh, Ailsa A Welch, Angela A Mulligan, Robert N Luben, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw
OBJECTIVES: Assess the association between marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) intake from supplements, mainly cod liver oil, and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, with three exposure measurements over 22 years. SETTING: Norfolk-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk, UK). PARTICIPANTS: 22 035 men and women from the general population, 39-79 years at recruitment...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Open
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