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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719492/fifty-men-3510-marathons-cardiac-risk-factors-and-coronary-artery-calcium-scores
#1
William O Roberts, Robert S Schwartz, Ross F Garberich, Samantha Carlson, Thomas Knickelbine, Jonathan G Schwartz, Gretchen Peichel, John R Lesser, Kelly Wickstrom, Kevin M Harris
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Many male marathon runners have elevated coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores despite high physical activity. We examined the association between CAC scores, cardiovascular risk factors, and lifestyle habits in long term marathoners. METHODS: We recruited men who had run ≥1 marathon annually for 25 consecutive years. CAC was assessed using coronary computed tomography angiography. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CAD) risk factors were measured with a 12-lead ECG, serum lipid panel, height, weight, resting blood pressure and heart rate, and a risk factor questionnaire...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718051/coronary-heart-disease-preoperative-gesture-interactive-diagnostic-system-based-on-augmented-reality
#2
Yi-Bo Zou, Yi-Min Chen, Ming-Ke Gao, Quan Liu, Si-Yu Jiang, Jia-Hui Lu, Chen Huang, Ze-Yu Li, Dian-Hua Zhang
Coronary heart disease preoperative diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of vascular interventional surgery. Actually, most doctors are used to diagnosing the position of the vascular stenosis and then empirically estimating vascular stenosis by selective coronary angiography images instead of using mouse, keyboard and computer during preoperative diagnosis. The invasive diagnostic modality is short of intuitive and natural interaction and the results are not accurate enough. Aiming at above problems, the coronary heart disease preoperative gesture interactive diagnostic system based on Augmented Reality is proposed...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717853/radiation-related-heart-disease-after-breast-cancer-radiation-therapy-in-korean-women
#3
Jee Suk Chang, Byung Kyun Ko, Jeoung Won Bae, Jong-Han Yu, Min Ho Park, Yongsik Jung, Ye Won Jeon, Kyung Hwan Kim, Jaeyong Shin, Chang-Ok Suh, Yong Bae Kim
PURPOSE: To study the late cardiac toxicity of breast radiation therapy (RT) in Asian women. METHODS: Female breast cancer patients in Korea who underwent breast conservation surgery followed by RT from 1990-2012 were identified from two large registries at institution and population levels. Cumulative incidences of acute coronary events (ACE) or cardiac mortality were estimated in relation to the laterality of breast cancer using a competing risks analysis. RESULTS: In an analysis of 2577 women from a single institution, 3...
July 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716801/diabetes-mellitus-microalbuminuria-and-subclinical-cardiac-disease-identification-and-monitoring-of-individuals-at-risk-of-heart-failure
#4
Peter P Swoboda, Adam K McDiarmid, Bara Erhayiem, David P Ripley, Laura E Dobson, Pankaj Garg, Tarique A Musa, Klaus K Witte, Mark T Kearney, Julian H Barth, Ramzi Ajjan, John P Greenwood, Sven Plein
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and elevated urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) have increased risk of heart failure. We hypothesized this was because of cardiac tissue changes rather than silent coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a case-controlled observational study 130 subjects including 50 ACR+ve diabetes mellitus patients with persistent microalbuminuria (ACR >2.5 mg/mol in males and >3.5 mg/mol in females, ≥2 measurements, no previous renin-angiotensin-aldosterone therapy, 50 ACR-ve diabetes mellitus patients and 30 controls underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance for investigation of myocardial fibrosis, ischemia and infarction, and echocardiography...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716335/management-of-chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-in-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-medical-therapy
#5
Mony Shuvy, Feng Qiu, Alyssandra Chee-A-Tow, John J Graham, Wael Abuzeid, Christopher Buller, Bradley H Strauss, Harindra C Wijeysundera
Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in approximately 20% of angiograms. We sought to assess the variation in the management of patients with CTOs and to compare the clinical outcomes of CTO lesions with those of non-CTO lesions. We conducted a population-based cohort study and included all patients with stable angina who underwent cardiac catheterization from October 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality and hospitalization for myocardial infarction...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#6
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715122/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-telephone-and-face-to-face-delivered-counseling-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-in-dutch-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#7
Nadine Berndt, Lilian Lechner, Aart Mudde, Hein De Vries, Catherine Bolman
Intensive behavioral counseling interventions combined with nicotine replacement therapy have increased smoking abstinence rates in cardiac patients, but little is known about their feasibility when initiated upon hospital admission and continued post-discharge. The current study was an evaluation of the use, appreciation, and fidelity of two post-discharge counseling interventions designed for cardiac patients to quit smoking that differed in their delivery mode. In a controlled trial with cross-over randomization at the cardiac unit level, hospitalized smokers in eight cardiac units of eight Dutch hospitals were assigned either telephone counseling (n = 223) or nurse-administered face-to-face counseling (n = 157) using the Ask-Advise-Refer strategy...
July 17, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715078/polish-stress-echocardiography-registry-pol-stress-registry-a-multicenter-study-stress-echo-in-poland-numbers-settings-results-and-complications
#8
Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Szymon Olędzki, Jolanta Rzucidło-Resil, Piotr Gościniak, Tomasz Kukulski, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Wojciech Kosmala, Dariusz Kosior, Marta Marcinkiewicz-Siemion, Barbara Brzezińska, Beata Zaborska, Marcin Fijałkowski, Iwona Świątkiewicz, Andrzej Szyszka, Jan Błażejewski, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Zbigniew Gąsior, Danuta Sorysz, Agnieszka Olszanecka
BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography (SE) is widely used in Europe. No collective data have been available on the use of SE in Poland until now. AIM: To evaluate the number of SE investigations performed in Poland, their settings, complications and results. METHODS: In this retrospective survey, referral cardiology centers in Poland were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding SE examinations performed from May 01, 2014 to May 01, 2015. RESULTS: The study included data from 17 university hospitals and large community hospitals which performed 4611 SE examinations, including 4408 tests in patients investigated for coronary artery disease (CAD) and 203 tests to evaluate valvular heart disease (VHD)...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715077/age-and-gender-related-peculiarities-of-patients-with-delirium-in-the-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#9
Pranas Serpytis, Petras Navickas, Alvydas Navickas, Rokas Serpytis, Giedrius Navickas, Sigita Glaveckaite
BACKGROUND: The overall evidence base regarding delirium has been growing steadily over the past few decades. There has been considerable analysis of delirium concerning, for example, mechanically ventilated patients, patients in the general intensive care unit (ICU) setting, and patients with exclusively postoperative delirium. Nevertheless, there are few studies regarding delirium in a cardiovascular ICU (ICCU) setting and especially scarce literature about the particular features of delirium relating to patient age and gender...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715059/the-cost-effectiveness-of-genetic-screening-for-familial-hypercholesterolemia-a-systematic-review
#10
A Rosso, E Pitini, E D'Andrea, A Massimi, C De Vito, C Marzuillo, P Villari
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder that leads to elevated plasma LDL-cholesterol levels and premature coronary heart disease (CHD). An understanding of the mutations responsible for FH and the effectiveness of statins in lowering the risk of CHD in FH patients has increased interest in genetic screening strategies to improve FH diagnosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of such strategies. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of full economic evaluations that assessed the cost-effectiveness of FH genetic screening strategies...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715029/anisotropic-microfibrous-scaffolds-enhance-the-organization-and-function-of-cardiomyocytes-derived-from-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#11
Maureen Wanjare, Luqia Hou, Karina H Nakayama, Joseph J Kim, Nicholas P Mezak, Oscar J Abilez, Evangeline Tzatzalos, Joseph C Wu, Ngan F Huang
Engineering of myocardial tissue constructs is a promising approach for treatment of coronary heart disease. To engineer myocardial tissues that better mimic the highly ordered physiological arrangement and function of native cardiomyocytes, we generated electrospun microfibrous polycaprolactone scaffolds with either randomly oriented (14 μm fiber diameter) or parallel-aligned (7 μm fiber diameter) microfiber arrangement and co-seeded the scaffolds with human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iCMs) and endothelial cells (iECs) for up to 12 days after iCM seeding...
July 17, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714810/advances-in-cardiovascular-health-in-women-over-the-past-decade-guideline-recommendations-for-practice
#12
Pejman Raeisi-Giglou, Annabelle Santos Volgman, Hena Patel, Susan Campbell, Amparo Villablanca, Eileen Hsich
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the number one cause of death in women. It is estimated that 44 million women in the United States are either living with or at risk for heart disease. This article highlights the recent significant progress made in improving care, clinical decision-making, and policy implications for women with CVD. We provide our perspective supported by evidence-based advances in cardiovascular research and clinical care guidelines in seven areas: (1) primary CVD prevention and community heart care, (2) secondary prevention of CVD, (3) stroke, (4) heart failure and cardiomyopathies, (5) ischemia with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, (6) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, and (7) arrhythmias and device therapies...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714526/different-postconditioning-cycles-affect-prognosis-of-aged-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
Jie Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yuqi Cui, Misbahul Ferdous, Lianqun Cui, Peng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning can affect the infarct size in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, few studies show an effect of different postconditioning cycles on AMI aged patients. This study sought to assess the effect of different postconditioning cycles on prognosis in aged patients with AMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: 74 aged patients were randomly assigned to three groups. Control group; PC-1 group accepted postconditioning 4 cycles of 30 s inflation and 30 s deflation; PC-2 group accepted postconditioning 4 cycles of 60 s...
July 17, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713825/the-serum-analysis-of-dampness-syndrome-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-chronic-renal-failure-based-on-the-theory-of-same-syndromes-in-different-diseases
#14
Yiming Hao, Xue Yuan, Peng Qian, Guanfeng Bai, Yiqin Wang
AIM: To analyze the serum metabolites in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) showing dampness syndrome and patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) showing dampness syndrome and to seek the substance that serves as the underlying basis of dampness syndrome in "same syndromes in different diseases." Methods. Metabolic spectrum by GC-MS was performed using serum samples from 29 patients with CHD showing dampness syndrome and 32 patients with CRF showing dampness syndrome. The principal component analysis and statistical analysis of partial least squares were performed to detect the metabolites with different levels of expression in patients with CHD and CRF...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712998/brain-natriuretic-peptide-mediates-the-prognostic-role-of-renal-function-towards-10-year-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-hhf-study-2006-2016
#15
Christina Chrysohoou, George Georgiopoulos, Hara Kosyfa, Ioanna Kotsopoulou Haritou, Matina Kouvari, Androniki Filippou, Stelios Iosifidis, Eleftherios Tsiamis, Panagiotis Aggelopoulos, Christos Pitsavos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Risk stratification in chronic heart failure (HF) remains a challenge. Renal function and B-natriuretic peptide (BNP) might confer predictive value towards long-term mortality in HF patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: From May 2006 to March 2009, 1,000 consecutive patients who were hospitalized with ACS diagnosis were enrolled in the study. In 2016, the 10-year follow-up (2006-2016) was performed in 745 participants...
July 13, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712683/-stratification-of-thoracic-pain-with-modified-heart-score-and-its-relationship-to-short-term-cardiovascular-events
#16
Manuel Chacón-Diaz, Jorge Salinas, Rafael Doig
OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is a major reason for emergency room care worldwide. The relationship between the Modified Heart Score and the presence of major cardiac events at 30 days after emergency admission was evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective, observational study in a single center. In patients older than 18 years old, who were treated for chest pain, in whom the Modified HEART Score was applied at admission and related to the presence of major cardiac events (myocardial infarction, death, hospitalization due to cardiac causes and percutaneous coronary revascularization Or surgical) at 30 days of follow-up...
July 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712563/trends-in-comorbidity-in-patients-hospitalised-for-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Josefien Buddeke, Michiel L Bots, Ineke van Dis, Anho Liem, Frank L J Visseren, Ilonca Vaartjes
BACKGROUND: We determined trends over time in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular comorbidity in patients hospitalised for cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: The Dutch nationwide hospital register was used to identify patients hospitalised for CVD during 2000-2010. Comorbidity was defined as a previous hospital admission for CVD other than the index CVD, cancer, diabetes, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, respiratory disorders, thyroid gland disorders, kidney disorders and dementia in the five years previous to hospital admittance for the index CVD...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712187/utility-of-heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-h-fabp-point-of-care-test-in-the-early-hours-of-stemi-compared-with-troponin-i-in-pakistani-population
#18
Walid Ahmad Abbasi, Muhammad Saleem, Shahid Rasheed, Azhar Mahmood Kiyani
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome remains a dominant cause of high morbidity and mortality despite advancements in treatment This study was conducted to examine the utility of point-of-care test of heart-type fatty-acid binding protein (h-FABP) and compare it with the point-of-care test of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in the first 06 hours of STEMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional, comparative study which was conducted in Rawalpindi institute of cardiology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January to June 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711967/fate-of-duct-dependent-discontinuous-pulmonary-arteries-after-arterial-duct-stenting
#19
Giuseppe Santoro, Giovanbattista Capozzi, Mario Giordano, Gianpiero Gaio, Maria Teresa Palladino, Carola Iacono, Heba Talat Mahmoud, Maria Giovanna Russo
Significant and balanced PA growth following arterial duct (AD) stenting has already been consistently reported in literature. However, to date, no data are available about the role of this approach as palliation of congenital heart disease with a duct-dependent discontinuous pulmonary artery (dPA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the fate of a dPA of ductal origin following trans-catheter AD stabilization. Angiographic PA evaluation was performed in seven patients submitted to neonatal AD stenting as palliative recruitment of dPA...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711889/-peculiarities-of-primary-health-care-organization-for-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-jointly-with-coronary-heart-disease
#20
Любов Й Власик, Ганна Я Ступницька, Анастасія Л Сухолотюк
INTRODUCTION: Combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) leads to some difficulties for diagnostics and for prescription of complex differential treatment as well as increasings risk of complications from the illness and drug's side effects. AIM: To develope peculiarities of Primary Health Care (PHC) organisation for patients suffering from COPD jointly with CHD; and to improve the patients surveillance for optimization of early diagnosis of named join pathology and well-timed prescription of appropriate health-promoting treatment...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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