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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097472/proceedings-of-the-third-international-molecular-pathological-epidemiology-mpe-meeting
#1
REVIEW
Peter T Campbell, Timothy R Rebbeck, Reiko Nishihara, Andrew H Beck, Colin B Begg, Alexei A Bogdanov, Yin Cao, Helen G Coleman, Gordon J Freeman, Yujing J Heng, Curtis Huttenhower, Rafael A Irizarry, N Sertac Kip, Franziska Michor, Daniel Nevo, Ulrike Peters, Amanda I Phipps, Elizabeth M Poole, Zhi Rong Qian, John Quackenbush, Harlan Robins, Peter K Rogan, Martha L Slattery, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Mingyang Song, Tyler J VanderWeele, Daniel Xia, Emily C Zabor, Xuehong Zhang, Molin Wang, Shuji Ogino
Molecular pathological epidemiology (MPE) is a transdisciplinary and relatively new scientific discipline that integrates theory, methods, and resources from epidemiology, pathology, biostatistics, bioinformatics, and computational biology. The underlying objective of MPE research is to better understand the etiology and progression of complex and heterogeneous human diseases with the goal of informing prevention and treatment efforts in population health and clinical medicine. Although MPE research has been commonly applied to investigating breast, lung, and colorectal cancers, its methodology can be used to study most diseases...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096666/barriers-and-facilitators-influencing-self-management-among-copd-patients-a-mixed-methods-exploration-in-primary-and-affiliated-specialist-care
#2
Chantal F Hillebregt, Auke J Vlonk, Marc A Bruijnzeels, Onno Cp van Schayck, Niels H Chavannes
Self-management is becoming increasingly important in COPD health care although it remains difficult to embed self-management into routine clinical care. The implementation of self-management is understood as a complex interaction at the level of patient, health care provider (HCP), and health system. Nonetheless there is still a poor understanding of the barriers and effective facilitators. Comprehension of these determinants can have significant implications in optimizing self-management implementation and give further directions for the development of self-management interventions...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094458/inquiring-about-insomnia-may-facilitate-diagnosis-of-depression-in-the-primary-care-setting
#3
Megumi Fujieda, Katsuhisa Uchida, Shinichiro Ikebe, Akihiro Kimura, Masashi Kimura, Toshiaki Watanabe, Hisako Sakamoto, Teruaki Matsumoto, Naohisa Uchimura
AIM: Depression is often undiagnosed in primary care. Asking about sleep status is much easier than asking about mood. This study was conducted to examine the relation between insomnia and depression. METHODS: New patients aged 35-64 years were recruited from internal medicine clinics in Japan. Self-administered questionnaires were employed. Depression was evaluated by the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Profile of Mood States. Sleep status was investigated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#4
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088254/role-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-modifications-in-reflex-epilepsy-based-on-traditional-persian-medicine
#5
Majid Nimrouzi, Mehdi Pasalar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078850/acupuncture-in-endocrine-disorders-a-critical-appraisal
#6
Y Z Deng, L B Li, L G Xu, D Zhou, L J Wei, Y Liu
Acupuncture is an integral part of ancient Chinese medical practice. The technique has been used extensively in pain relief and is being tried for many other chronic conditions. Industrial development and affluence lead to the increase in the prevalence of many endocrine disorders such as diabetes, obesity, and polycystic ovarian disease. The rising prevalence of the endocrine morbidity is observed in both the developing and developed nations. The management of these disorders involves major lifestyle modification coupled with a long-term drug intake...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063785/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-propensity-to-change-risk-behaviors-following-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-healthy-lifestyle-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Diann E Gaalema, Rebecca J Elliott, Zachary H Morford, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
INTRODUCTION: Failure to change risk behaviors following myocardial infarction (MI) increases the likelihood of recurrent MI and death. Lower-socioeconomic status (SES) patients are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors prior to MI. Less well known is whether propensity to change risk behaviors after MI also varies inversely with SES. METHODS: We performed a systematized literature review addressing changes in risk behaviors following MI as a function of SES...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057105/-precision-nutrition-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#8
P Z Chen, H Wang
Precision medicine has been increasingly incorporated into clinical practice and is enabling a new era for disease prevention and treatment. As an important constituent of precision medicine, precision nutrition has also been drawing more attention during physical examinations. The main aim of precision nutrition is to provide safe and efficient intervention methods for disease treatment and management, through fully considering the genetics, lifestyle (dietary, exercise and lifestyle choices), metabolic status, gut microbiota and physiological status (nutrient level and disease status) of individuals...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042926/the-potential-impact-of-gut-microbiota-on-your-health-current-status-and-future-challenges
#10
Stitaya Sirisinha
Our health and probably also our behaviors and mood depend not only on what we eat or what we do (lifestyle behaviors), but also on what we host. It is well established for decades that all vertebrates including humans are colonized by a wide array of bacteria, fungi, eukaryotic parasites and viruses, and that, at steady state (homeostasis), this community of microbes establishes a friendly mutual relationship with the host. The term microbiota was originally meant to represent an ecological community of commensals and potentially pathogenic microbes that live within our bodies, but it is now used interchangeably with the term microbiome which was initially meant to represent a collective genome of the microbiota...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042834/phlorotannins-towards-new-pharmacological-interventions-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#11
REVIEW
Graciliana Lopes, Paula B Andrade, Patrícia Valentão
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycaemia, and predicted by the World Health Organization as the expected 7th leading cause of death in 2030. Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) comprises the majority of diabetic individuals around the world (90%-95%). Pathophysiologically, this disorder results from a deregulation of glucose homeostasis, worsened by overweight and by a sedentary lifestyle, culminating in life-threatening cardiovascular events. The currently available anti-diabetic drugs are not devoid of undesirable side effects, sometimes responsible for poor therapeutic compliance...
December 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038911/healthy-living-medicine-in-the-workplace-more-work-to-do
#12
REVIEW
Sherry O Pinkstaff, Amy McNeil, Ross Arena, Lawrence Cahalin
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are five of the top ten causes of death for Americans: cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, lower respiratory disease, stroke and diabetes mellitus. Risk factors for these NCDs and for CVD are tobacco use, poor diet quality, physical inactivity, increase body mass index, increased blood pressure, increased blood cholesterol, and glucose intolerance. Depression, depressive symptoms and anxiety also contribute to CVD risk. There is also evidence work stress itself contributes to CVD risk...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038910/consumer-health-informatics-empowering-healthy-lifestyle-seekers-through-mhealth
#13
REVIEW
Anthony Faiola, Richard J Holden
People are at risk from noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and poor health habits, with interventions like medications and surgery carrying further risk of adverse effects. This paper addresses ways people are increasingly moving to healthy living medicine (HLM) to mitigate such health threats. HLM-seekers increasingly leverage mobile technologies that enable control of personal health information, collaboration with clinicians/other agents to establish healthy living practices. For example, outcomes from consumer health informatics research includes empowering users to take charge of their health through active participation in decision-making about healthcare delivery...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028269/-promoting-appropriate-pharmacotherapy-for-home-care-patients-coordination-between-regional-comprehensive-support-centers-and-pharmacies
#14
Yasunori Ohno, Takashi Heima, Takao Ishikawa, Tomoko Kuramitsu, Hitomi Yamakage, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Japan is rapidly developing into an aged society, and its construction of a regional comprehensive care system is urgently needed for the baby boomer generation, who will reach 75 years of age in 2025. As part of providing medical care and longterm caregiving in a regional comprehensive care system, ordinary citizens will be supported in their local neighborhoods by multidisciplinary care, team medicine, and information sharing. However, pharmacists visit only once or twice per month; therefore, it can be difficult for them to grasp the overall status of patients' lifestyles...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018529/lifestyle-medicine-a-primary-care-perspective
#15
Camille A Clarke, Michelle E Hauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018353/embracing-complexity-beyond-systems-medicine-a-new-approach-to-chronic-immune-disorders
#16
Anje A Te Velde, Tjitske Bezema, Antoine H C van Kampen, Aletta D Kraneveld, Bert A 't Hart, Henriët van Middendorp, Erik C Hack, Joris M van Montfrans, Clara Belzer, Lilian Jans-Beken, Raymond H Pieters, Karen Knipping, Machteld Huber, Annemieke M H Boots, Johan Garssen, Tim R Radstake, Andrea W M Evers, Berent J Prakken, Irma Joosten
In order to combat chronic immune disorders (CIDs), it is an absolute necessity to understand the bigger picture, one that goes beyond insights at a one-disease, molecular, cellular, and static level. To unravel this bigger picture we advocate an integral, cross-disciplinary approach capable of embracing the complexity of the field. This paper discusses the current knowledge on common pathways in CIDs including general psychosocial and lifestyle factors associated with immune functioning. We demonstrate the lack of more in-depth psychosocial and lifestyle factors in current research cohorts and most importantly the need for an all-encompassing analysis of these factors...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010994/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-secondary-prevention-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-prevprol-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Suzanne Hagen, Cathryn Glazener, Doreen McClurg, Christine Macarthur, Andrew Elders, Peter Herbison, Don Wilson, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Christine Hemming, Jean Hay-Smith, Marissa Collins, Sylvia Dickson, Janet Logan
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle training can reduce prolapse severity and symptoms in women seeking treatment. We aimed to assess whether this intervention could also be effective in secondary prevention of prolapse and the need for future treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at three centres in New Zealand and the UK. Women from a longitudinal study of pelvic floor function after childbirth were potentially eligible for inclusion...
December 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994480/combining-pain-therapy-with-lifestyle-the-role-of-personalized-nutrition-and-nutritional-supplements-according-to-the-simpar-feed-your-destiny-approach
#18
REVIEW
Manuela De Gregori, Carolina Muscoli, Michael E Schatman, Tiziana Stallone, Fabio Intelligente, Mariangela Rondanelli, Francesco Franceschi, Laura Isabel Arranz, Silvia Lorente-Cebrián, Maurizio Salamone, Sara Ilari, Inna Belfer, Massimo Allegri
Recently, attention to the lifestyle of patients has been rapidly increasing in the field of pain therapy, particularly with regard to the role of nutrition in pain development and its management. In this review, we summarize the latest findings on the role of nutrition and nutraceuticals, microbiome, obesity, soy, omega-3 fatty acids, and curcumin supplementation as key elements in modulating the efficacy of analgesic treatments, including opioids. These main topics were addressed during the first edition of the Study In Multidisciplinary Pain Research workshop: "FYD (Feed Your Destiny): Fighting Pain", held on April 7, 2016, in Rome, Italy, which was sponsored by a grant from the Italian Ministry of Instruction on "Nutraceuticals and Innovative Pharmacology"...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982381/national-survey-on-access-use-and-promotion-of-rational-use-of-medicines-pnaum-household-survey-component-methods
#19
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Vera Lucia Luiza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Aluísio Jardim Dornellas de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological aspects of the household survey National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM) related to sampling design and implementation, the actual obtained sample, instruments and fieldwork. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study with probability sampling in three stages of the population living in households located in Brazilian urban areas. Fieldwork was carried out between September 2013 and February 2014...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979910/patterns-of-chlamydia-testing-in-different-settings-and-implications-for-wider-sti-diagnosis-and-care-a-probability-sample-survey-of-the-british-population
#20
Soazig Clifton, Catherine H Mercer, Sarah C Woodhall, Pam Sonnenberg, Nigel Field, Le Lu, Anne M Johnson, Jackie A Cassell
BACKGROUND: Following widespread rollout of chlamydia testing to non-specialist and community settings in the UK, many individuals receive a chlamydia test without being offered comprehensive STI and HIV testing. We assess sexual behaviour among testers in different settings with a view to understanding their need for other STI diagnostic services. METHODS: A probability sample survey of the British population undertaken 2010-2012 (the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles)...
December 15, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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