keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lifestyle medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#1
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215878/neuroactive-steroids-and-ptsd-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Ann M Rasmusson, Christine E Marx, Suzanne L Pineles, Andrea Locci, Erica R Scioli-Salter, Yael I Nillni, Jennifer J Liang, Graziano Pinna
This review highlights early efforts to translate pre-clinical and clinical findings regarding the role of neuroactive steroids in stress adaptation and PTSD into new therapeutics for PTSD. Numerous studies have demonstrated PTSD-related alterations in resting levels or the reactivity of neuroactive steroids and their targets. These studies also have demonstrated substantial variability in the dysfunction of specific neuroactive steroid systems among PTSD subpopulations. These variabilities have been related to the developmental timing of trauma, severity and type of trauma, genetic background, sex, reproductive state, lifestyle influences such as substance use and exercise, and the presence of comorbid conditions such as depression and chronic pain...
February 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#3
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203292/the-waist-circumference-adjusted-associations-between-hyperuricemia-and-other-lifestyle-related-diseases
#4
Taiju Miyagami, Hirohide Yokokawa, Kazutoshi Fujibayashi, Toshiaki Gunji, Noriko Sasabe, Mitsue Okumura, Kimiko Iijima, Toshio Naito
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the associations between hyperuricemia and lifestyle-related diseases after adjusting for waist circumference (WC) and sex. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 33,498 Japanese individuals, and was conducted at the Center for Preventive Medicine, NTT Kanto Medical Center, Tokyo, from May 2006 to March 2015. Hyperuricemia was defined as a uric acid level of >7 mg/dl in men; >6 mg/dl in women. Metabolic syndrome (Mets) components were defined using the Japanese criteria for Mets...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198998/physical-activity-counseling-in-primary-care-insights-from-public-health-and-behavioral-economics
#5
REVIEW
Kerem Shuval, Tammy Leonard, Jeffrey Drope, David L Katz, Alpa V Patel, Melissa Maitin-Shepard, On Amir, Amir Grinstein
Physical inactivity has reached epidemic proportions in modern society. Abundant evidence points to a causal link between physical inactivity and increased risk for numerous noncommunicable diseases, such as some types of cancer and heart disease, as well as premature mortality. Yet, despite this overwhelming evidence, many individuals do not meet the recommended amount of physical activity required to achieve maximum health benefits. Because primary care physicians' advice is highly regarded, clinicians have the unique opportunity to play an important role in enabling patients to modify their behavior at the point of care with the goal of guiding patients to adopt and maintain an active lifestyle...
February 15, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198728/personalized-medicine-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#6
Paolo Spagnolo, Justin M Oldham, Mark G Jones, Joyce S Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A number of recent studies have explored the possibility to apply personalized medicine to interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), particularly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the most common and deadly of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. In our review, we summarize and discuss the most recent literature on personalized medicine in IPF as well as hypersensitivity pneumonitis and sarcoidosis, with emphasis on patient subgroups for which a personalized approach to disease prognostication and management may become a reality in the near future...
February 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196737/statin-use-and-all-cause-and-cancer-mortality-biobank-japan-cohort
#7
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Akiko Nagai, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yutaka Kiyohara, Yoichiro Kamatani, Kaori Muto, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Koichi Matsuda, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: Statins are the first-line agents used to treat patients with high serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, thus reducing the risk of death from arterial sclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, little is known about the effects of non-statin pharmacological interventions on mortality as well as about the potential protective effects of statin use against cancer death. This work aimed to compare all-cause and cancer mortality among patients with hyperlipidaemia who did and did not receive statin treatment...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194769/precision-medicine-nobody-is-average
#8
EDITORIAL
A A Vinks
Medicine gets personal and tailor-made treatments are underway. Hospitals have started to advertise their advanced genomic testing capabilities and even their disruptive technologies to help foster a culture of innovation. The prediction in the lay press is that in decades from now we may look back and see 2017 as the year precision medicine blossomed. It is all part of the Precision Medicine Initiative that takes into account individual differences in people's genes, environments, and lifestyles.
March 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188997/china-s-landscape-in-regenerative-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Xin Tang, Hua Qin, Xiaosong Gu, Xiaobing Fu
Regenerative medicine is a burgeoning interdisciplinary research field that can impact healthcare by offering new therapeutic strategies to replace or regenerate human cells, tissues, or organs with the ultimate goal of restoring or establishing normal human functions. The past decade has seen significant progress of regenerative medicine in China, the world's most populous developing country. With government backing, the progress in regenerative medicine is driven by increasing medical demands of people, accompanied by the economic growth, population aging, and lifestyle change in China...
February 3, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188462/caring-for-the-caregiver-identifying-the-needs-of-those-called-to-care-through-partnerships-with-congregations
#10
Panagis Galiatsatos, Katie Nelson, W Daniel Hale
As the older adult population continues to grow, the prevalence of chronic diseases is also increasing, leading to the need for novel ways of managing this large population of patients. One solution is to focus on informal caregivers. These informal caregivers already make a substantial contribution to our nation's healthcare finances and patient health outcomes. Caregivers also derive benefits from caring for their family member or friend; however, it is not uncommon for these individuals to experience negative health consequences, or what is often called "burden of care...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187718/an-education-programme-influencing-health-professionals-to-recommend-exercise-to-their-type-2-diabetes-patients-understanding-the-processes-a-case-study-from-oxfordshire-uk
#11
Anne Matthews, Natasha Jones, Alastair Thomas, Perdy van den Berg, Charlie Foster
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity decreases the risk of premature mortality associated with chronic diseases e.g., coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke. Despite this, most adults in England do not meet physical activity guidelines. Physical activity advice and signposting offered to at-risk patients by primary care providers is recommended. However, exercise medicine education is sparse, leading to poor practitioner knowledge of the risk reduction evidence and strategies to implement effective patient behaviour change...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183444/effects-of-lifestyle-interventions-on-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-meta-analysis
#12
Christina N Katsagoni, Michael Georgoulis, George V Papatheodoridis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Meropi D Kontogianni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although lifestyle modifications remain the cornerstone therapy for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the optimal lifestyle intervention is still controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of exercise and/or dietary interventions, type or intensity of exercise and type of diet, on liver function outcomes (liver enzymes, intrahepatic fat and liver histology), as well as on anthropometric and glucose metabolism parameters in NAFLD patients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179604/ability-of-community-pharmacists-to-promote-self-care-and-self-medication-by-local-residents-i-improvements-in-bone-mineral-density
#13
Yoshiko Wada, Yuko Wada, Satoko Ennyu, Ken-Ichi Shimokawa, Fumiyoshi Ishii
This study was conducted in order to establish a health management method for the elderly in a community through follow-ups of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement results over a 1-year period based on BMD measurements performed by pharmacists and a guidance program. Regarding BMD measurement results, the percent young adult mean (%YAM: mean BMD in healthy persons of the same sex aged between 51 and 82 years old) significantly increased in Period I, during which the intervention by pharmacists was performed (6 months after the start of measurements), but significantly decreased in Period II, during which this intervention was not performed (between 7 and 12 months after the start of measurements)...
February 8, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163495/using-multistate-observational-studies-to-determine-role-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-dementia
#14
Mitasha Singh, Des Raj, Sunil Kumar Raina, Manoj Kumar Gandhi, Vishav Chander
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that modifiable risk factors which can be targeted by prevention are vascular diseases, such as diabetes, midlife hypertension (HTN), midlife obesity, midlife cholesterol, mid- and late-life depression as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and poor diet. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database and Google Scholar was conducted. A combinations of medical subject headings and free text words that included search terms related to the exposure (e...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163014/healthy-lifestyle-medicine-in-the-traditional-healthcare-environment-primary-care-and-cardiac-rehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Mark A Williams, Leonard A Kaminsky
There is unquestioned value of the need to incorporate Healthy Lifestyle Medicine (HLM) within the traditional models of healthcare. Primary care providers are well positioned to implement HLM as a routine aspect of their healthcare practice. Unfortunately, barriers for this to occur, including poor professional training in the components of HLM and limitations in the time they have available to spend with patients, result in inadequate delivery of HLM from primary care providers. Thus, new approaches for the delivery of HLM need to be developed that would allow primary care providers better, and more, opportunities to make patient referrals...
February 2, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155809/from-evolutionary-advantage-to-disease-agents-forensic-reevaluation-of-host-microbe-interactions-and-pathogenicity
#16
Jessica I Rivera-Pérez, Alfredo A González, Gary A Toranzos
As the "human microbiome era" continues, there is an increasing awareness of our resident microbiota and its indispensable role in our fitness as holobionts. However, the host-microbe relationship is not so clearly defined for some human symbionts. Here we discuss examples of "accidental pathogens," meaning previously nonpathogenic and/or environmental microbes thought to have inadvertently experienced an evolutionary shift toward pathogenicity. For instance, symbionts such as Helicobacter pylori and JC polyomavirus have been shown to have accompanied humans since prehistoric times and are still abundant in extant populations as part of the microbiome...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145094/toward-precision-diagnostics
#17
Christian Rose, Robert M Rodriguez
In January 2015 President Obama announced funding for the Precision Medicine Initiative, a multifaceted program that seeks to develop an individualized approach to disease prevention and treatment. Accounting for individual variability, precision medicine aims to deliver "the right treatment at the right dose to the right patient at the right time", embracing human variation and its drivers: inheritance, exposures, lifestyle, and life experience.(1,2) Beyond treatment innovations, full realization of the benefits of precision medicine and individualized health care will require refinements to diagnostic practice - the medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests...
February 1, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144097/cognizance-and-utilization-about-breast-cancer-screening-among-the-health-professional-female-students-and-staffs-of-university-kuala-lumpur-royal-college-of-medicine-perak-malaysia
#18
A T M Emdadul Haque, Muhammad Afif Bin Mohd Hisham, Noor Azwa Laili Binti Ahmad Adzman, Nur Atiqah Binti Azudin, Nursakinah Binti Shafri, Mainul Haque
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is a major life-threatening problem and a global concern including Malaysia. BC is an equal threat for both developing and developed countries. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between sociodemographic factors with knowledge, attitude, and perception on BC screening among the females of University Kuala Lumpur, Royal College of Medicine Perak (UniKL RCMP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 to 2016...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135244/genome-wide-association-analysis-identifies-novel-blood-pressure-loci-and-offers-biological-insights-into-cardiovascular-risk
#19
Helen R Warren, Evangelos Evangelou, Claudia P Cabrera, He Gao, Meixia Ren, Borbala Mifsud, Ioanna Ntalla, Praveen Surendran, Chunyu Liu, James P Cook, Aldi T Kraja, Fotios Drenos, Marie Loh, Niek Verweij, Jonathan Marten, Ibrahim Karaman, Marcelo P Segura Lepe, Paul F O'Reilly, Joanne Knight, Harold Snieder, Norihiro Kato, Jiang He, E Shyong Tai, M Abdullah Said, David Porteous, Maris Alver, Neil Poulter, Martin Farrall, Ron T Gansevoort, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Reedik Mägi, Alice Stanton, John Connell, Stephan J L Bakker, Andres Metspalu, Denis C Shields, Simon Thom, Morris Brown, Peter Sever, Tõnu Esko, Caroline Hayward, Pim van der Harst, Danish Saleheen, Rajiv Chowdhury, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Aravinda Chakravarti, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Cecilia M Lindgren, Daniel Levy, Jaspal S Kooner, Bernard Keavney, Maciej Tomaszewski, Nilesh J Samani, Joanna M M Howson, Martin D Tobin, Patricia B Munroe, Georg B Ehret, Louise V Wain
Elevated blood pressure is the leading heritable risk factor for cardiovascular disease worldwide. We report genetic association of blood pressure (systolic, diastolic, pulse pressure) among UK Biobank participants of European ancestry with independent replication in other cohorts, and robust validation of 107 independent loci. We also identify new independent variants at 11 previously reported blood pressure loci. In combination with results from a range of in silico functional analyses and wet bench experiments, our findings highlight new biological pathways for blood pressure regulation enriched for genes expressed in vascular tissues and identify potential therapeutic targets for hypertension...
January 30, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132853/research-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-era-of-healthy-living-medicine-unlocking-the-potential
#20
REVIEW
Shane A Phillips, Sharon Martino, Ross Arena
Non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), obesity, cancer, pulmonary disease, and diabetes are a very high global health concern. The health costs of risk factors for CVD, such as hypertension (HTN), is mounting and are unrelenting. As an example, it is estimated that direct and indirect costs due to HTN amounted to $46.4 billion in 2011 and projections of six-fold increases by 2030; the importance of low-cost nonpharmacological interventions involving collaborative teams of health care professionals is at a critical junction...
January 26, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
keyword
keyword
61708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"