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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441061/precisely-where-are-we-going-charting-the-new-terrain-of-precision-prevention
#2
Karen M Meagher, Michelle L McGowan, Richard A Settersten, Jennifer R Fishman, Eric T Juengst
In addition to genetic data, precision medicine research gathers information about three factors that modulate gene expression: lifestyles, environments, and communities. The relevant research tools-epidemiology, environmental assessment, and socioeconomic analysis-are those of public health sciences rather than molecular biology. Because these methods are designed to support inferences and interventions addressing population health, the aspirations of this research are expanding from individualized treatment toward precision prevention in public health...
April 24, 2017: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432747/whole-body-adipose-tissue-and-lean-muscle-volumes-and-their-distribution-across-gender-and-age-mr-derived-normative-values-in-a-normal-weight-swiss-population
#3
Erika J Ulbrich, Daniel Nanz, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Magda Marcon, Michael A Fischer
PURPOSE: To determine age- and gender-dependent whole-body adipose tissue and muscle volumes in healthy Swiss volunteers in Dixon MRI in comparison with anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) measurements. METHODS: Fat-water-separated whole-body 3 Tesla MRI of 80 healthy volunteers (ages 20 to 62 years) with a body mass index (BMI) of 17.5 to 26.2 kg/m(2) (10 men, 10 women per decade). Age and gender-dependent volumes of total adipose tissue (TAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), total abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) and total abdominal adipose tissue (TAAT), and the total lean muscle tissue (TLMT) normalized for body height were determined by semi-automatic segmentation, and correlated with anthropometric and BIA measurements as well as lifestyle parameters...
April 22, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422124/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-india-and-economic-costs-to-the-nation
#5
REVIEW
R Pradeepa, V Mohan
Diabetes, a major lifestyle disorder, has become a global burden, and the prevalence rates are rising steeply in developing economies. Rapid socioeconomic transition with urbanization and industrialization are the main causes for the global diabetes epidemic. Among developing economies, the highest increase in number of people with diabetes is in China followed by India. In India, the epidemic of diabetes continue to increase and is experiencing a shift in diabetes prevalence from urban to rural areas, the affluent to the less privileged and from older to younger people...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410466/history-of-surgery-for-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#6
REVIEW
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Cyrus Rostami
The history of epilepsy and its treatment goes back to ancient times when it included medicinal herbs, lifestyle modifications, and even surgery. Trepanation is considered the oldest surgical procedure for the treatment of epilepsy. The first series of temporal lobectomies for the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy were reported by Penfield and Flanigin (1950). During the years since then, neuroimaging and other technologies have had remarkable and revolutionary progress. This progress has resulted in tremendous advancements in understanding the underlying causes and pathophysiology of epilepsies...
April 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408362/ehealth-search-patterns-a-comparison-of-private-and-public-health-care-markets-using-online-panel-data
#7
Janina Anne Schneider, Christopher Patrick Holland
BACKGROUND: Patient and consumer access to eHealth information is of crucial importance because of its role in patient-centered medicine and to improve knowledge about general aspects of health and medical topics. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to analyze and compare eHealth search patterns in a private (United States) and a public (United Kingdom) health care market. METHODS: A new taxonomy of eHealth websites is proposed to organize the largest eHealth websites...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404527/-when-you-are-homeless-you-are-not-thinking-about-your-medication-but-your-food-shelter-or-heat-for-the-night-behavioural-determinants-of-homeless-patients-adherence-to-prescribed-medicines
#8
V Paudyal, K MacLure, C Buchanan, L Wilson, J Macleod, D Stewart
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore behavioural determinants of homeless patients' adherence to prescribed medicines using Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a homelessness primary healthcare centre in Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK). Face-to-face interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis of the interview data was conducted using the Framework Approach based on the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 31, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401139/family-physician-led-team-based-lifestyle-intervention-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-results-of-a-multicentre-feasibility-project
#9
Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Daren K Heyland, Roger Leung, Andrew G Day, Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Angelo Tremblay, David M Mutch, Lew Pliamm, Caroline Rhéaume, Doug Klein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a medical condition with major complications and health care costs. Previous research has shown that diet and exercise can improve and reverse this condition. The goal of this study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of implementing the Canadian Health Advanced by Nutrition and Graded Exercise (CHANGE) program into diverse family medicine practices to improve MetS. METHODS: In this longitudinal before-after study, 305 adult patients with MetS were recruited from 3 diverse family medicine team-based organizations to the CHANGE personalized diet and exercise program...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400848/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-tulsi-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Negar Jamshidi, Marc M Cohen
Tulsi, also known as holy basil, is indigenous to the Indian continent and highly revered for its medicinal uses within the Ayurvedic and Siddha medical systems. Many in vitro, animal and human studies attest to tulsi having multiple therapeutic actions including adaptogenic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and immunomodulatory effects, yet to date there are no systematic reviews of human research on tulsi's clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted a comprehensive literature review of human studies that reported on a clinical outcome after ingestion of tulsi...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391973/the-current-status-and-problems-confronted-in-delivering-precision-medicine-in-japan-and-europe
#11
REVIEW
Hideaki Bando
Precision medicine has been defined as "a predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory health care service delivery model." Today, developments in next-generation sequencing and information technology have made precision medicine possible, with massive amounts of genetic, "omics," clinical, environmental, and lifestyle data now available. Unfortunately, differences in governmental support and health care regulations have resulted in heterogeneous progress among countries. In Japan, for example, precision cancer screening and treatments are increasingly being promoted, with collaboration among research, governmental, and pharmaceutical agencies taking place in the nationwide SCRUM-Japan cancer genome screening project...
February 22, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388904/effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-sinisan-on-chronic-restraint-stress-induced-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-rat-study
#12
Fafeng Cheng, Chongyang Ma, Xueqian Wang, Changming Zhai, Guoli Wang, Xiaolin Xu, Jie Mu, Changxiang Li, Zisong Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Wenchao Yue, Xin Du, Yajun Lian, Wenxiang Zhu, Xiangjun Yin, Zhen Wei, Wenjie Song, Qingguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents one of the most common forms of liver disease worldwide, and it is always regarded as a consequence of a sedentary, food-abundant lifestyle, sitting for an extended time, and a low physical activity level, which often coincide with chronic and long-lasting psychological stress. A Chinese medicine Sinisan (SNS) may be a potential formula for treating this kind of disease. METHODS: In this study, a long-term chronic restraint stress protocol was used to investigate the mechanism underlying stress-induced NALFD...
April 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379826/congruence-of-patient-self-rating-of-health-with-family-physician-ratings
#13
Nancy C Elder, Ryan Imhoff, Jennifer Chubinski, C Jeffrey Jacobson, Harini Pallerla, Petar Saric, Vitaliy Rotenberg, Mary Beth Vonder Meulen, Anthony C Leonard, Mark Carrozza, Saundra Regan
BACKGROUND: A single self-rated health (SRH) question is associated with health outcomes, but agreement between SRH and physician-rated patient health (PRPH) has been poorly studied. We studied patient and physician reasoning for health ratings and the role played by patient lifestyle and objective health measures in the congruence between SRH and PRPH. METHODS: Surveys of established family medicine patients and their physicians, and medical record review at 4 offices...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379816/improving-family-medicine-with-thoughtful-research
#14
EDITORIAL
Anne Victoria Neale, Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen
This issue is about improving primary health care outcomes, from behavioral health to opioid issues to diagnosing hypertension to providing hope for childhood obesity. It includes hints for integrating behavioral health and care managers into family medicine practices. Opiate prescribing practices vary considerably between Japan and the United States, with helpful insights for our opiate abuse epidemic. Suicidality is high among patients taking opiates. Diagnosing hypertension the recommended way is not easily accomplished...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370730/mind-body-medicine-and-lifestyle-modification-in-supportive-cancer-care-a-cohort-study-on-a-day-care-clinic-program-for-cancer-patients
#15
Michael Jeitler, Jessica Jaspers, Christel von Scheidt, Barbara Koch, Andreas Michalsen, Nico Steckhan, Christian S Kessler
OBJECTIVE: We developed an integrative day care clinic program for cancer patients focusing on mind-body techniques and health-promoting lifestyle modification (7 h once-per-week group sessions over 12 weeks). METHODS: A cohort study design with a waiting group was implemented. Outcome parameters were assessed at the beginning, at the end of the active program, and at a 6-month follow-up. Patients waiting >4 and <12 weeks before treatment start were allocated to the waiting group and additionally assessed at the start of their day care program...
March 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369064/the-uk-pharmacy-care-plan-service-description-recruitment-and-initial-views-on-a-new-community-pharmacy-intervention
#16
Michael J Twigg, David Wright, Charlotte L Kirkdale, James A Desborough, Tracey Thornley
INTRODUCTION: The UK government advocates person-centred healthcare which is ideal for supporting patients to make appropriate lifestyle choices and to address non-adherence. The Community Pharmacy Future group, a collaboration between community pharmacy companies and independents in the UK, introduced a person-centred service for patients with multiple long-term conditions in 50 pharmacies in Northern England. OBJECTIVE: Describe the initial findings from the set up and delivery of a novel community pharmacy-based person-centred service...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365296/running-as-a-key-lifestyle-medicine-for-longevity
#17
REVIEW
Duck-Chul Lee, Angelique G Brellenthin, Paul D Thompson, Xuemei Sui, I-Min Lee, Carl J Lavie
Running is a popular and convenient leisure-time physical activity (PA) with a significant impact on longevity. In general, runners have a 25%-40% reduced risk of premature mortality and live approximately 3 years longer than non-runners. Recently, specific questions have emerged regarding the extent of the health benefits of running versus other types of PA, and perhaps more critically, whether there are diminishing returns on health and mortality outcomes with higher amounts of running. This review details the findings surrounding the impact of running on various health outcomes and premature mortality, highlights plausible underlying mechanisms linking running with chronic disease prevention and longevity, identifies the estimated additional life expectancy among runners and other active individuals, and discusses whether there is adequate evidence to suggest that longevity benefits are attenuated with higher doses of running...
March 30, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358008/modified-sjh-alleviates-ffas-induced-hepatic-steatosis-through-leptin-signaling-pathways
#18
Dong-Woo Lim, Shambhunath Bose, Jing-Hua Wang, Han Seok Choi, Young-Mi Kim, Young-Won Chin, Song-Hee Jeon, Jai-Eun Kim, Hojun Kim
Samjunghwan (SJH) is an herbal formula used in traditional Korean medicine. This prescription has long been used in treatment of aging and lifestyle diseases. The current study showed the effect and mechanisms of anti-hepatic steatosis action of modified SJH (mSJH) in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with mSJH resulted in significantly decreased intracellular lipid accumulation in steatosis-induced cells. Furthermore, mSJH triggered the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase as well as increased the expression of leptin at both protein and gene levels...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355428/health-disparities-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-african-american-women-a-review
#19
Lisa A Newman, Linda M Kaljee
Importance: Variation in cancer incidence and outcome has well-documented correlations with racial/ethnic identity. In the United States, the possible genetic and ancestral hereditary explanations for these associations are confounded by socioeconomic, cultural, and lifestyle patterns. Differences in the breast cancer burden of African American compared with European/white American women represent one of the most notable examples of disparities in oncology related to racial/ethnic identity...
March 29, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349174/effects-of-a-long-term-lifestyle-modification-programme-on-peripheral-neuropathy-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-the-look-ahead-study
#20
(no author information available yet)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) of a long-term intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) programme designed to achieve and maintain weight loss. METHODS: Beginning in 2001, a total of 5145 overweight or obese people with type 2 diabetes, aged 45-76 years, participating in the multicentre Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study were randomised to ILI (n = 2570) or to a diabetes support and education (DSE) control group (n = 2575) using a web-based management system at the study coordinating centre at Wake Forest School of Medicine (Winston-Salem, NC, USA)...
March 27, 2017: Diabetologia
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