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Alternative and augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793160/language-samples-from-children-who-use-speech-generating-devices-making-sense-of-small-samples-and-utterance-length
#1
Thomas Kovacs, Katya Hill
Purpose: Mean length of utterance in morphemes (MLUm) is underreported in people who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). MLUm is difficult to measure in people who use AAC because of 2 challenges described in literature: the challenge of small language samples (difficulty collecting representative samples) and the challenge of transcribing short utterances (difficulty transcribing 1-morpheme utterances). We tested solutions to both challenges in a corpus of language samples from children who use speech-generating devices...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779944/effect-of-yoga-and-working-memory-training-on-cognitive-communicative-abilities-among-middle-aged-adults
#2
H G Namratha, Vinitha Mary George, Gagan Bajaj, J Mridula, Jayashree S Bhat
Several studies have reported improvements in cognitive communicative abilities with working memory training and alternative therapeutic methods conducted separately. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of combining yoga and working memory training among healthy middle aged adults. A total of 45 participants were randomly assigned into three groups. Group 1 received both yoga and working memory training, group 2 received only working memory training and group 3 served as the control group. Working memory training was provided on six tasks...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733123/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-effects-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-locked-in-syndrome-and-their-caregivers
#3
Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Carmela Rifici, Patrizia Pollicino, Cettina Allone, Rosanna Palmeri, Antonino Todaro, Antonella Alagna, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the augmentative and alternative communication system on anxiety and depression performances and the quality of life (QoL) of patients who have the locked-in syndrome (LIS) and that of their caregivers. METHOD: We enrolled 15 patients and their principal caregivers. The assessment consisted of the administration of the employed Short Form-36 Questionnaire for the assessment of QoL, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for anxiety, and the Beck Depression Inventory for depression...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727477/national-survey-describing-and-quantifying-students-with-communication-needs
#4
Natalie R Andzik, John M Schaefer, Robert T Nichols, Yun-Ching Chung
PURPOSE: Research literature has yet to quantify and describe how students with complex communication needs are supported in the classroom and how special educators are being prepared to offer support. This study sought out special educators to complete a survey about their students with complex communication needs. METHOD: Over 4,000 teachers representing 50 states reported on the communicative and behavioral characteristics of 15,643 students. Teachers described the training they have received and instructional approaches they used...
July 20, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697629/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-student-and-family-perspectives-of-aac
#5
Saili S Kulkarni, Jessica Parmar
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices are important for nonverbal students with disabilities to communicate with the verbal world. AAC devices provide access to academic and social opportunities for students with disabilities. With the changing demographics of schools and an emphasis on meaningful, culturally relevant instruction for all students, it is important to consider how AAC devices are utilized and perceived by individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds and their families...
July 12, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675073/designing-interaction-voice-and-inclusion-in-aac-research
#6
Graham Pullin, Jutta Treviranus, Rupal Patel, Jeff Higginbotham
The ISAAC 2016 Research Symposium included a Design Stream that examined timely issues across augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), framed in terms of designing interaction, designing voice, and designing inclusion. Each is a complex term with multiple meanings; together they represent challenging yet important frontiers of AAC research. The Design Stream was conceived by the four authors, researchers who have been exploring AAC and disability-related design throughout their careers, brought together by a shared conviction that designing for communication implies more than ensuring access to words and utterances...
July 4, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672283/effects-of-a-conversation-based-intervention-on-the-linguistic-skills-of-children-with-motor-speech-disorders-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#7
Gloria Soto, Michael T Clarke
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a conversation-based intervention on the expressive vocabulary and grammatical skills of children with severe motor speech disorders and expressive language delay who use augmentative and alternative communication. Method: Eight children aged from 8 to 13 years participated in the study. After a baseline period, a conversation-based intervention was provided for each participant, in which they were supported to learn and use linguistic structures essential for the formation of clauses and the grammaticalization of their utterances, such as pronouns, verbs, and bound morphemes, in the context of personally meaningful and scaffolded conversations with trained clinicians...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658678/revisiting-communicative-competence-in-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#8
Meng-Ju Tsai
OBJECTIVE: This tutorial paper is to explore the novel nature of communicative competence in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) practice by comparing it to communicative competence in naturally verbal dyadic communication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This paper first reviews the four domains of communicative competence in AAC practice. Second, it examines competence in dyadic communications between naturally verbal people without disabilities, deriving new insights and using these to analyze the evolution of communicative competence in AAC practice...
June 29, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637192/an-explorative-study-examining-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-training-in-the-field-of-music-therapy
#9
Anita L Gadberry, Alison Sweeney
Background: Music therapists work with many people who require Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). As communication goals are central to music therapy practice, many music therapists would benefit from training in AAC. Objective: The purpose of this survey study was to determine the state of AAC education for music therapists at the university level, how AAC is being used in music therapy sessions, and how practicing music therapists are trained in AAC...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633531/the-effectiveness-of-aided-augmented-input-techniques-for-persons-with-developmental-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#10
Anna A Allen, Ralf W Schlosser, Kristofer L Brock, Howard C Shane
When working with individuals with little or no functional speech, clinicians often recommend that communication partners use the client's augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device when speaking to the client. This is broadly known as "augmented input" and is thought to enhance the client's learning of language form and content. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of augmented input on communication outcomes in persons with developmental disabilities and persons with childhood apraxia of speech who use aided AAC...
June 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617614/effects-of-background-color-and-symbol-arrangement-cues-on-construction-of-multi-symbol-messages-by-young-children-without-disabilities-implications-for-aided-aac-design
#11
Jennifer J Thistle, Krista Wilkinson
Children whose speech does not meet their communication needs often benefit from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The design of an AAC display may influence the child's ability to communicate effectively. The current study examined how symbol background color cues and symbol arrangement affected construction of multi-symbol messages using line-drawing symbols, by young children with typical development. Participants (N = 52) heard a spoken phrase matching a photograph and selected line drawings within a 4 × 4 array...
June 15, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614580/dynamic-assessment-for-3-and-4-year-old-children-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-evaluating-expressive-syntax
#12
Cathy Binger, Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Marika King
Purpose: The developmental readiness to produce early sentences with an iPad communication application was assessed with ten 3- and 4-year-old children with severe speech disorders using graduated prompting dynamic assessment (DA) techniques. The participants' changes in performance within the DA sessions were evaluated, and DA performance was compared with performance during a subsequent intervention. Method: Descriptive statistics were used to examine patterns of performance at various cueing levels and mean levels of cueing support...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614575/early-sentence-productions-of-3-and-4-year-old-children-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#13
Cathy Binger, Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Marika King, Lindsay Mansfield
Purpose: This study investigated the early rule-based sentence productions of 3- and 4-year-old children with severe speech disorders who used single-meaning graphic symbols to communicate. Method: Ten 3- and 4-year-olds requiring the use of augmentative and alternative communication, who had largely intact receptive language skills, received instruction in producing up to four different semantic-syntactic targets using an Apple iPad with a communication app. A single-case, multiple-probe, across-targets design was used to assess the progress of each participant and target...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597688/the-availability-and-accessibility-of-basic-concept-vocabulary-in-aac-software-a-preliminary-study
#14
Jillian H McCarthy, Ilsa Schwarz, Morgan Ashworth
Core vocabulary lists obtained through the analyses of children's utterances include a variety of basic concept words. Supporting young children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) to develop their understanding and use of basic concepts is an area of practice that has important ramifications for successful communication in a classroom environment. This study examined the availability of basic concept words across eight frequently used, commercially available AAC language systems, iPad© applications, and symbol libraries used to create communication boards...
June 9, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593721/nurse-patient-communication-within-the-context-of-non-sedated-mechanical-ventilation-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#15
A Holm, P Dreyer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore non-sedated mechanically ventilated patients' communication with nurses in the intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Mechanically ventilated patients are temporarily voiceless, making interpersonal communication complex. Both nurses and patients find communication challenging and may experience negative emotions when communication fails. In Nordic countries, sedation protocols have changed to light/non-sedation, resulting in more patients being conscious and more clinical practitioners experiencing communication difficulties...
June 7, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586825/typical-toddlers-participation-in-just-in-time-programming-of-vocabulary-for-visual-scene-display-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-apps-on-mobile-technology-a-descriptive-study
#16
Christine Holyfield, Kathryn Drager, Janice Light, Jessica Gosnell Caron
Purpose: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) promotes communicative participation and language development for young children with complex communication needs. However, the motor, linguistic, and cognitive demands of many AAC technologies restrict young children's operational use of and influence over these technologies. The purpose of the current study is to better understand young children's participation in programming vocabulary "just in time" on an AAC application with minimized demands...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585523/fusion-of-p300-and-eye-tracker-data-for-spelling-using-bci2000
#17
Dmitry Kalika, Leslie Collins, Kevin Caves, Chandra Throckmorton
OBJECTIVE: Various augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices have been developed in order to aid communication for individuals with communication disorders. Recently, there has been interest in combining EEG data and eye-gaze data with the goal of developing a hybrid (or "fused") BCI (hBCI) AAC system. This work explores the effectiveness of a speller that fuses data from an eye-tracker and the P300 speller in order to create a hybrid P300 speller. APPROACH: This hybrid speller collects both eye-tracking and EEG data in parallel, and the user spells characters on the screen in the same way that they would if they were only using the P300 speller...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521563/pain-management-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-school-settings-in-two-cultures-action-and-reaction-approaches
#18
Margareta Adolfsson, Ensa Johnson, Stefan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) face particular challenges, e.g. daily pain that threaten their participation in school activities. This study focuses on how teachers, personal assistants, and clinicians in two countries with different cultural prerequisites, Sweden and South Africa, manage the pain of children in school settings. METHOD: Participants' statements collected in focus groups were analysed using a directed qualitative content analysis framed by a Frequency of attendance-Intensity of involvement model, which was modified into a Knowing-Doing model...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509404/family-therapy-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Debbie Spain, Jacqueline Sin, Eleni Paliokosta, Marie Furuta, Jonathan E Prunty, Trudie Chalder, Declan G Murphy, Francesca G Happé
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterised by impairments in communication and reciprocal social interaction. These impairments can impact on relationships with family members, augment stress and frustration, and contribute to behaviours that can be described as challenging. Family members of individuals with ASD can experience high rates of carer stress and burden, and poor parental efficacy. While there is evidence to suggest that individuals with ASD and family members derive benefit from psychological interventions designed to reduce stress and mental health morbidity, and enhance coping, most studies to date have targeted the needs of either individuals with ASD, or family members...
May 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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