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Alternative and augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917683/the-role-of-the-physical-environment-in-conversations-between-people-who-are-communication-vulnerable-and-health-care-professionals-a-scoping-review
#1
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Luc P de Witte, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J Beurskens
PURPOSE: The role of the physical environment in communication between health-care professionals and persons with communication problems is a neglected area. This study provides an overview of factors in the physical environment that play a role in communication during conversations between people who are communication vulnerable and health-care professionals. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases were screened, and a descriptive and thematic analysis was completed...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868434/communication-aid-requirements-of-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-transient-speech-loss
#2
Mohammad H Mobasheri, Dominic King, Simon Judge, Faizan Arshad, Marius Larsen, Zahra Safarfashandi, Hemal Shah, Anna Trepekli, Sanjay Trikha, Diamantis Xylas, Stephen J Brett, Ara Darzi
Alert and transiently nonvocal intensive care unit (ICU) patients are dependent on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Unfortunately, the literature demonstrates that existent AAC devices have not been widely adopted, and unaided methods are often the primary modalities used despite being insufficient, and frustrating. We present the results of a qualitative semi-structured interview study with 8 ex-ICU patients, 4 ICU patient relatives, and 6 ICU staff, exploring their AAC needs and requirements...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866415/teachers-perceptions-of-implementation-of-aided-aac-to-support-expressive-communication-in-south-african-special-schools-a-pilot-investigation
#3
Kerstin M Tönsing, Shakila Dada
Although the provision of assistive technology for students with disabilities has been mandated in South African education policy documents, limited data are available on the implementation of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in classrooms. This pilot investigation used a concurrent mixed-methods survey design to determine the extent to which aided AAC was implemented to foster students' expressive communication in preschool to Grade 3 classrooms in special schools from six urban school districts in the Gauteng (the smallest, most affluent and most densely populated of the nine South African provinces), and also obtained teachers' perceptions of this process...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819139/communication-opportunities-for-elementary-school-students-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#4
Natalie R Andzik, Yun-Ching Chung, Michael P Kranak
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems serve as the primary communication mode for many students with complex communication needs. The aim of this study was to describe the naturally occurring communication opportunities of students using AAC systems. We observed 23 students for a total of 117 hours across general education, special education, and non-academic settings. For each communication event, we recorded the setting, communication partner, student communication mode, availability of the AAC system, independent or prompted responses, and the consequence...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776421/research-note-attitudes-of-teachers-and-undergraduate-students-regarding-three-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-modalities
#5
Martina Christina Marion Schäfer, Dean Sutherland, Laurie McLay, Donna Achmadi, Larah van der Meer, Jeff Sigafoos, Giulio E Lancioni, Mark F O'Reilly, Ralf W Schlosser, Peter B Marschik
The social validity of different communication modalities is a potentially important variable to consider when designing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions. To assess the social validity of three AAC modes (i.e., manual signing, picture exchange, and an iPad(®)-based speech-generating device), we asked 59 undergraduate students (pre-service teachers) and 43 teachers to watch a video explaining each mode. They were then asked to nominate the mode they perceived to be easiest to learn as well as the most intelligible, effective, and preferred...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762147/effects-of-icon-size-and-location-on-speed-and-accuracy-of-sgd-access
#6
Elena Dukhovny, YanYan Zhou
Increasing speed and accuracy of communication via a speech-generating device (SGD) is an important clinical goal in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The current study, conducted with adults without disabilities using a within-subject experimental design, compared the effects of two different SGD trainings on speed and accuracy of locating words via an SGD interface. During size-centered training, participants were introduced to six large icons that completely filled an SGD screen. During location-centered training, participants were introduced to six small icons on a 40-location screen where other icons were hidden...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760678/involving-private-healthcare-practitioners-in-an-urban-ncd-sentinel-surveillance-system-lessons-learned-from-pune-india
#7
Mareike Kroll, Revati Phalkey, Sayani Dutta, Sharvari Shukla, Carsten Butsch, Erach Bharucha, Frauke Kraas
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising impact of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on public health in India, lack of quality data and routine surveillance hampers the planning process for NCD prevention and control. Current surveillance programs focus largely on communicable diseases and do not adequately include the private healthcare sector as a major source of care in cities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conceptualize, implement, and evaluate a prototype for an urban NCD sentinel surveillance system among private healthcare practitioners providing primary care in Pune, India...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756433/communicating-with-conscious-and-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
S Ten Hoorn, P W Elbers, A R Girbes, P R Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-dependent patients in the ICU often experience difficulties with one of the most basic human functions, namely communication, due to intubation. Although various assistive communication tools exist, these are infrequently used in ICU patients. We summarized the current evidence on communication methods with mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU. Secondly, we developed an algorithm for communication with these patients based on current evidence. METHODS: We performed a systematic review...
October 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712115/an-exploration-of-pain-related-vocabulary-implications-for-aac-use-with-children
#9
Ensa Johnson, Juan Bornman, Kerstin M Tönsing
Children with significant communication difficulties who experience pain need appropriate means to communicate their pain in order to receive appropriate treatment. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) strategies could be used to enable children to self-report pain. The aim of this research study was to identify the common vocabulary children with typical development use to describe physical pain experiences and develop and socially validate an appropriate pain-related vocabulary list for children who use or could benefit from using AAC...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703354/the-role-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-children-with-autism-current-status-and-future-trends
#10
Teresa Iacono, David Trembath, Shane Erickson
BACKGROUND: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions are used for children with autism, often as stand-alone communication interventions for those who are minimally verbal. Our aim was to synthesize the evidence for AAC interventions for children (up to 21 years), and then consider the role of AAC within established, comprehensive, evidence-based autism interventions targeting learning across multiple developmental domains. DESIGN: We completed a systematic search of three databases (OVID Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC) as well as forward citation and hand searches to identify systematic reviews of AAC intervention efficacy research including children with autism, published between 2000 and March 2016 in peer-reviewed journals...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701702/playing-the-long-game-considering-the-future-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-research-and-service
#11
Joe Reichle, Kathryn Drager, Jessica Caron, Quannah Parker-McGowan
This article examines the growth of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in providing support to children and youth with significant communication needs. Addressing current trends and offering a discussion of needs and probable future advances is framed around five guiding principles initially introduced by Williams, Krezman, and McNaughton. These include: (1) communication is a basic right and the use of AAC, especially at a young age, can help individuals realize their communicative potential; (2) AAC, like traditional communication, requires it to be fluid with the ability to adapt to different environments and needs; (3) AAC must be individualized and appropriate for each user; (4) AAC must support full participation in society across all ages and interests; and (5) individuals who use AAC have the right to be involved in all aspects of research, development, and intervention...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689609/engagement-in-social-media-environments-for-individuals-with-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#12
Jessica Caron
BACKGROUND: Communicative interactions, despite the mode (e.g., face-to-face, online) rely on the communication skills of each individual participating. Some individuals have significant speech and language impairments and require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) (i.e., signs, speech generating devices) to maximize their communication participation across a variety of on and offline contexts. Use of social media has brought about changes to communication environments, contributing new contexts for engagement...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679841/picture-exchange-communication-system-and-pals-a-peer-mediated-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-intervention-for-minimally-verbal-preschoolers-with-autism
#13
Kathy Thiemann-Bourque, Nancy Brady, Sara McGuff, Keenan Stump, Amy Naylor
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a social intervention that integrates peer-mediated approaches and the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). Method: Effects were evaluated using a series of A-B designs replicated across 4 children with severe autism and limited verbal skills. Seven peers without disabilities were trained to use PECS and facilitative social skills. Measures of changes included rates of communication behaviors, modes, functions, and engagement...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676817/retrospective-study-of-the-acute-period-of-locked-in-syndrome-consciousness-recovery-and-communication-restoration
#14
Perrine Séguin, Annie Moulin, Lesly Fornoni, Jérémie Mattout, Emmanuel Maby, Brice Lapin, Véronique Blandin, Pascal Giraux
OBJECTIVE: Brainstem lesions can cause a locked-in syndrome (LIS). At the initial state, the LIS can be complete (CLIS), without any possibility for the patient to communicate. The main issues are to do the right diagnosis and the recovery of a communication. The delay to the diagnosis of LIS is of about 78 days after the initial injury (León-Carrión, 2002). The aim of this study is to identify possibilities to improve the care of persons with LIS at the initial state. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: An original questionnaire of 33 items, concerning patient's feelings and communication possibilities at the initial state of LIS, was sent to the 274 LIS members of the French association of LIS (ALIS) in November, 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668366/using-technology-to-give-patients-a-voice-after-surgery-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#15
Theresa H Brunner, Kristyn DiFortuna Kristyn DiFortuna, Michael LeTang Michael LeTang, Jane Murphy, Kara Stemplewicz, Magda Kovacs Magda Kovacs, Antonio P P DeRosa, Donna S Gibson, Pamela K Ginex
For patients with head and neck cancer, altered communication is a frequently occurring and highly upsetting issue that has been associated with psychological distress, fear, and anger among those with temporary or permanent speech impairment postsurgery. Many postoperative patients express that the most terrifying situation is to wake up from surgery and not be able to speak. Mobile devices have become part of everyday life, and augmentative and alternative communication mobile applications have the potential to enhance the healthcare journey of the patient and provider...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612402/supporting-a-child-with-multiple-disabilities-to-participate-in-social-interaction-the-case-of-asking-a-question
#16
Niklas Norén, Maja Sigurd Pilesjö
Asking a question can be a highly challenging task for a person with multiple disabilities, but questions have not received much attention in research on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Conversation analysis is employed to examine an instance of multiparty interaction where a speech and language therapist supports a child with multiple disabilities to ask a question with a communication board. The question is accomplished through a practice where the action is built as a trajectory of interactional steps...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560158/children-s-attitudes-toward-interaction-with-an-unfamiliar-peer-with-complex-communication-needs-comparing-high-and-low-technology-devices
#17
Shakila Dada, Tenille Horn, Alecia Samuels, Ralf W Schlosser
This study examined the attitudes of children with typical development towards an unfamiliar peer with complex communication needs using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems. Specifically, the study aimed to compare attitudes when the peer used mobile technology (i.e., iPad(©)(1) ) with an AAC-specific application (Proloquo2Go™ (2) ) versus a low-technology communication board. A within-group crossover design was utilized involving 78 children. Half of the participants (i.e., Group 1) viewed Video 1 of an unfamiliar peer with complex communication needs in a scripted communication interaction using an iPad with Proloquo2Go followed by Video 2 of the same interaction using a communication board...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537831/a-synthesis-of-relevant-literature-on-the-development-of-emotional-competence-implications-for-design-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-systems
#18
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Meredith Karny, Sarah Blackstone, Cynthia Stifter
PURPOSE: Emotional competence refers to the ability to identify, respond to, and manage one's own and others' emotions. Emotional competence is critical to many functional outcomes, including making and maintaining friends, academic success, and community integration. There appears to be a link between the development of language and the development of emotional competence in children who use speech. Little information is available about these issues in children who rely on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487315/the-profiles-of-students-with-significant-cognitive-disabilities-and-complex-communication-needs
#19
Karen A Erickson, Lori A Geist
Understanding the characteristics of students with complex communication needs and significant cognitive disabilities is an important first step toward creating the kinds of supports and services required to help them successfully access the general education curriculum, achieve grade-level standards, and improve overall communication competence. The First Contact Survey was designed to collect important information about students with significant cognitive disabilities who were eligible to take the Dynamic Learning Maps™ (DLM(®)) alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards...
September 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449559/assessing-the-acquisition-of-requesting-a-variety-of-preferred-items-using-different-sgd-formats-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Cindy Gevarter, Mark F O'Reilly, Michelle Kuhn, Laci Watkins, Raechal Ferguson, Nicolette Sammarco, Laura Rojeski, Jeff Sigafoos
Five children with autism spectrum disorder were taught to request preferred items using four different augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) displays on an iPad(®)-based speech-generating device. Acquisition was compared using multielement designs. Displays included a symbol-based grid, a photo image with embedded hotspots, a hybrid (photo image with embedded hotspots and symbols), and a pop-up symbol grid. Three participants mastered requesting items from a field of four with at least three displays, and one mastered requesting items in a field-of-two...
July 22, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
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