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R Krzyminiewski, G Mrozińska, B Dobosz
OBJECTIVES: The diet and lifestyle affect our life. Inadequate nutrition can cause various diseases including cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to show the correlations between the fruit and vegetable diet and high signal resolution pulse wave parameters. DESIGN: This was an observational study. SETTINGS: The study was done during two-weeks rehabilitation treatment. PARTICIPANTS: In this study 154 people using the fruit and vegetable diet have been examined...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Kolli S Chalam, Sathya Swaroop Patnaik, C Sunil, Tripti Bansal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Thoracotomy incision following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation surgery is often associated with severe post-operative pain that has deleterious effects on respiratory function. We aimed to assess pain relief with thoracic paravertebral block using either bupivacaine or ropivacaine in these surgeries. METHODS: One hundred paediatric patients of age group between 2 and 10 years undergoing PDA ligation surgery were randomised either to bupivacaine or ropivacaine group in this prospective double-blinded study...
August 2015: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Peter G Larsson, Staffan Eksborg, Per-Arne Lönnqvist
BACKGROUND: Clonidine has been advocated as a valid alternative for premedication in children but one of the few limitations is its association with reduced heart rate (HR), which thus raises the question of the safety of clonidine as premedication in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of bradycardia in children premedicated with oral or intravenous clonidine as compared to children not receiving pharmacologic premedication. METHODS: An open, nonrandomized, observational study design was used...
September 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ullmer, Solèr
About 40% of adults are habitual snorers. 2% of women and 4% of men between 30 and 60 years of age present additional sleep disordered breathing. There is a continuous spectrum from simple to disease-causing snoring ranging from merely disturbing noises to pharyngeal obstructions and breathing pauses. Repetitive episodes of upper airway obstructions lead to frequent arousals from sleep. Sleep fragmentation is responsible for non-refreshing sleep and subsequent excessive daytime sleepiness resulting in reduced performance at work, social problems and a higher risk for accidents...
July 1, 2000: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
S H Takada, C A G Sampaio, W Allemandi, P H Ito, L F Takase, M I Nogueira
Neonatal anoxia is a worldwide clinical problem that has serious and lasting consequences. The diversity of models does not allow complete reproducibility, so a standardized model is needed. In this study, we developed a rat model of neonatal anoxia that utilizes a semi-hermetic system suitable for oxygen deprivation. The validity of this model was confirmed using pulse oximetry, arterial gasometry, observation of skin color and behavior and analysis of Fos immunoreactivity in brain regions that function in respiratory control...
May 15, 2011: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Yukiko Abe, Tetsuri Kondo, Yuki Yamane, Miki Kikuchi, Yuki Abe, Hiroshi Ishii, Kazuo Kanabuchi, Tomonori Uruma, Tokuro Tsunoda, Hidehiro Watanabe, Gen Tazaki
BACKGROUND: Oxygen masks with reservoir bags (OMR) are widely used for oxygen therapy in patients with severe respiratory failure. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether OMRs are effectively used in clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the first phase of the study on the patients with severe respiratory failure, no apparent respiratory motions of the reservoir bag were noted, and the oxygen saturation level as determined by pulseoximetry (SpO2) did not decrease even after shrinkage of the reservoir bag...
December 2010: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Sunita Nandkumar, Madhavi Desai, Manju Butani, Z Udwadia
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by accumulation of amorphous acellular phospholipid material in the lungs. Whole lung lavage is the standard therapy which gives dramatic clinical improvement and offers a long term survival to these patients. A 43-year-old man suffering from PAP presented to casualty with NYHA grade IV dyspnoea with oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) on pulseoximetry 67% on room air and 78% with O(2) 6 L/min. He underwent whole lung lavage under general anaesthesia using one lung ventilation with 37 F left end bronchial double lumen tube...
June 2009: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
R B Buzunov, I V Legeĭda, V A Eroshina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2009: Kardiologiia
Ann K Harvey, Kyle T S Pattinson, Jonathan C W Brooks, Stephen D Mayhew, Mark Jenkinson, Richard G Wise
PURPOSE: To estimate the importance of respiratory and cardiac effects on signal variability found in functional magnetic resonance imaging data recorded from the brainstem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A modified version of the retrospective image correction (RETROICOR) method (Glover et al, [2000] Magn Reson Med 44:162-167) was implemented on resting brainstem echo-planar imaging (EPI) data in 12 subjects. Fourier series were fitted to image data based on cardiac and respiratory recordings (pulseoximetry and respiratory turbine), including multiplicative terms that accounted for interactions between cardiac and respiratory signals...
December 2008: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Tomoaki Shiba, Yukihiro Sato, Mao Takahashi
PURPOSES: To investigate the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) patients and clarify the relationship between SDB and PDR. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Sixty-four PDR patients who had undergone vitrectomy in our hospital were included in this study. Forty-two patients were male, and 22 were female. Pulseoximetry was conducted during the nighttime; the sleeping 3% oxygen desaturation index (ODI/h) was calculated. If ODI was > or = 10/h, SDB was diagnosed...
November 2007: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
A D Komlev, A I Kuziaev, V E Kuzenkova, G M Laskin, M V Kolosova
AIM: To evaluate influence of the treatment with systemic glucocorticoid hormones (SGH) during acute exacerbation of moderate and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on parameters of respiratory function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 66 patients with severe COPD were included in the study. Airway resistance and lung volumes were measured with plethysmography, lung diffusion capacity - with a single breath method (TLCO SB) and saturation of blood with oxygen was measured with a method of pulseoximetry at admission of patients to a hospital and on day 14 of SGH treatment...
2007: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Sahin Aslan, Fatih Bilge, Bulent Aydinli, Tarik Ocak, Mustafa Uzkeser, Ali Fuat Erdem, Yavuz Katirci
UNLABELLED: Amitraz is an insecticide/acaricide of formamidine pesticides used worldwide for ectoparasites in animals. Because of its widespread use, amitraz poisoning is frequently encountered in Turkey. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old, comatose female was admitted to the hospital. Although it was stated that she had taken a glass of water containing amitraz, the exact volume of the substance was unknown. On admission, her Glasgow Coma Scale score was 10/15. Clinical findings were vomiting, miosis, bradycardia and hypotension...
September 2005: Human & Experimental Toxicology
C Tattersall, S Vernon, R Singh
INTRODUCTION: Beta-blockers have, for 25 years, been a commonly used agent in the treatment of raised intraocular pressure (IOP). Beta-blockers can also reduce the pulse rate. With no available literature examining a cohort of patients, this study aims to investigate the resting pulse rates in patients attending a specialist glaucoma clinic in order to identify if routine review of ophthalmic medication use is indicated. METHOD: The resting pulse rates of patients attending a glaucoma clinic were measured using pulseoximetry, with a medical and drug history established for each patient...
February 2006: Eye
Hiroyoshi Adachi, Akira Mikami, Takayuki Kumano-go, Nakamori Suganuma, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Yoshihisa Shigedo, Yoshiro Sugita, Masatoshi Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical utility of the frequencies of transient increases of pulse rate, non-invasively measured with a pulseoximeter, as an indirect indication of the degree of cortical arousal, measured conventionally on an electroencephalogram (EEG), in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients referred with suspected OSAHS were studied. Polysomnography (PSG) with determination of esophageal pressure (Pes) and pulseoximetry was monitored to identify breathing-related EEG arousal (B-Ar) associated with apnea, hypopnea or respiratory effort and the frequencies of pulse rate increases...
November 2003: Sleep Medicine
Britt Oeverland, Olav Skatvedt, Kari J Kvaerner, Harriet Akre
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical value of pulseoximetry in the diagnosis of sleep apnea when satisfactory agreement with polysomnography is obtained. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical study, set in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. One hundred consecutive patients were investigated for sleep related breathing disorders. The main outcome measurements were: measurement success rate, oxygen desaturation thresholds, sensitivity and specificity at apnea-hypopnea-index (AHI) thresholds of 5 and 15...
March 2002: Sleep Medicine
U Johann, J Fichter, G W Sybrecht
To maintain mobility in patients with chronic hypoxemia who are under long-term oxygen therapy, portable oxygen systems are available. They have the disadvantage of a short range. To prolong the range and to reduce the cost of oxygen treatment, demand oxygen delivery systems (DODS) are used. Aim of the study was to compare three DODS (DOC-2000 [D], TransTracheal Inc.; Oxytron [O], Weinmann; Pulsair [P], DeVilbiss, Sunrise Medical) with continuous oxygen delivery. 17 patients (age 67.82 +/- 9.46 years; FEV1 1...
June 2001: Pneumologie
E Ullmer, M Solèr
About 40% of adults are habitual snorers. 2% of women and 4% of men between 30 and 60 years of age present additional sleep disordered breathing. There is a continuous spectrum from simple to disease-causing snoring ranging from merely disturbing noises to pharyngeal obstructions and breathing pauses. Repetitive episodes of upper airway obstructions lead to frequent arousals from sleep. Sleep fragmentation is responsible for non-refreshing sleep and subsequent excessive daytime sleepiness resulting in reduced performance at work, social problems and a higher risk for accidents...
July 2000: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
A Noda, R Ito, T Okada, F Yasuma, N Nakashima, M Yokota
BACKGROUND: Although nocturnal pulseoximetry is routinely performed in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), pulseoximetry over a 24-h period has not been studied. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the study was to determine whether simultaneous 24-h oxygen desaturation and electrocardiographic (ECG) recording might be used to screen for daytime sleep sequelae in patients with OSAS. METHODS: Simultaneous recording of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and ECG was conducted over a 24-h period in 18 male patients with OSAS (mean age 51...
July 1998: Clinical Cardiology
C Schäfer, T Schäfer, G L Wölfle, M E Schläfke
4 children with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) now aged 6 to 9 years were studied for 1 to 8 years. In all patients CO2-response is missing, hypoxic drive is maintained. All patients required mechanical ventilation after birth. 1 patient is supported by controlled oxygen therapy during sleep since 9 months of age. 2 patients are IPPV-ventilated during sleep. 1 patient is pressure control ventilated with an oro-nasal mask since 6 years of age. All children showed phases of hypo- and hyperventilation (max...
1996: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
H Hendolin, L Nuutinen, H Kokki, L Tuomisto
Evidence of pre-emptive analgetic effect of opioid would offer great potential benefit to patients with postoperative pain, a better pain relief with less opioid. The aim of this double blind randomised trial was to study the effect of intramuscular morphine premedication on postoperative pain. Forty-one patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly allocated to four groups. Two groups received epidural morphine, 4 mg immediately after operation and 3 mg ten hours later, and two groups the same volume of saline...
January 1996: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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