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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918533/the-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-bone-health-according-to-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-t869%C3%A2-c-polymorphism-in-postmenopausal-iranian-women
#1
Sajjad Moradi, Leila Khorrami-Nezhad, Sima Ali-Akbar, Fatemeh Zare, Tanaz Alipour, Azadeh Dehghani Kari Bozorg, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Zhila Maghbooli, Khadijeh Mirzaei
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that dietary variants and genetic variants play a decisive role in the risk of developing osteoporosis. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to examine associations between dietary pattern and bone health, according to the TGF-β1 T869→C polymorphism, in postmenopausal Iranian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 264 postmenopausal women aged from 46 to 78 years were examined. Body composition was measured by a body composition analyzer and physical activity by the short-form physical activity questionnaire...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#2
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918275/the-association-between-ambient-temperature-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-china
#3
Tongjun Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Hongguang Zhang, Ya Zhang, Jun Zhao, Yan Wang, Xiaoxu Xie, Long Wang, Qian Zhang, Dujia Liu, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Zuoqi Peng, Xu Ma
BACKGROUND: With the gradual increase of global warming, the impact of extreme temperatures on health has become a focus of attention, however, its relationship with preterm birth remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between exposure to extreme temperatures and preterm birth. METHODS: Temperature exposures and birth outcomes of 1,020,471 pregnant women from 132 cities in China were investigated. The pregnancy process was divided into different pregnancy periods...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918186/health-related-quality-of-life-in-melanoma-patients-impact-of-melanoma-related-limb-lymphoedema
#4
Caroline A Gjorup, Mogens Groenvold, Helle W Hendel, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich
AIM: To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrence-free melanoma patients, with a focus on the association between melanoma-related limb lymphoedema and HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BR23) subscales body image and future perspective, the Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-General subscale social/family well-being and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#5
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918105/factors-influencing-women-s-decision-making-in-hysterectomy
#6
Monika Janda, Nigel R Armfield, Katie Page, Gayle Kerr, Suzanne Kurz, Graeme Jackson, Jason Currie, Edward Weaver, Anusch Yazdani, Andreas Obermair
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors influencing how well-informed women felt about hysterectomy, influences on their decision making, and on them receiving a less-invasive alternative to open surgery. METHODS: Online questionnaire, conducted in 2015-2016, of women who had received a hysterectomy in Australia, in the preceding two years. RESULTS: Questionnaires were completed by 2319/6000 women (39% response). Most women (n=2225; 96%) felt well-informed about hysterectomy...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918090/sex-differences-in-outcomes-after-stroke-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-ontario-canada
#7
Mandip S Dhamoon, John W Liang, Limei Zhou, Melissa Stamplecoski, Moira K Kapral, Baiju R Shah
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after stroke in those with diabetes are not well characterized, especially by sex and age. We sought to calculate the sex- and age-specific risk of cardiovascular outcomes after ischemic stroke among those with diabetes. METHODS: Using population-based demographic and administrative health-care databases in Ontario, Canada, all patients with diabetes hospitalized with index ischemic stroke between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2012, were followed for death, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917622/does-gender-matter-an-analysis-of-men-s-and-women-s-accounts-of-responding-to-symptoms-of-lung-cancer
#8
Alice MacLean, Kate Hunt, Sarah Smith, Sally Wyke
Men are often portrayed - in research studies, 'common-sense' accounts and popular media - as reluctant users of health services. They are said to avoid going to the GP whenever possible, while women are portrayed, in presumed opposition, as consulting more readily, more frequently and with less serious complaints. Such stereotypes may inadvertently encourage doctors to pay greater heed to men's symptoms in 'routine' consultations. Although previous research has challenged this view with evidence, and suggested that links between gender identities and help-seeking are complex and fluid, gender comparative studies remain uncommon, and particularly few studies (either qualitative or quantitative) compare men and women with similar morbidity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917368/improving-vasomotor-symptoms-psychological-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-peri-or-post-menopausal-women-through-yoga-an-umbrella-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
M Shepherd-Banigan, K M Goldstein, R R Coeytaux, J R McDuffie, A P Goode, A S Kosinski, M G Van Noord, D Befus, S Adam, V Masilamani, A Nagi, J W Williams
OBJECTIVES: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), commonly reported during menopausal transition, negatively affect psychological health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). While hormone therapy is an effective treatment, its use is limited by concerns about possible harms. Thus, many women with VMS seek nonhormonal, nonpharmacologic treatment options. However, evidence to guide clinical recommendations is inconclusive. This study reviewed the effectiveness of yoga, tai chi and qigong on vasomotor, psychological symptoms, and HRQoL in peri- or post-menopausal women...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917360/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-quality-of-life-when-using-a-simple-acupressure-protocol-in-women-with-primary-dysmenorrhea
#10
Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Seyed-Abdolvahab Taghavi, Helen Allan, Nazafarin Hosseini, Ahmad Khosravi, Rahimeh Asadi, Shohreh Salari, Raziyeh Dehghani, Zahra Jamshidi, Marziyeh Rezaei, Mansoreh Saberian, Fatemeh Javedan, Zahra Salari, Fahimeh Miri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a simple acupressure protocol in LIV3 and LI4 acupoints in women with primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: This paper reports a randomized, single blinded clinical trial. 90 young women with dysmenorrhea were recruited to three groups to receive 20min acupressure every day in either LIV3 or LI4, or placebo points. Acupressure was timed five days before menstruation for three successive menstrual cycles. On menstruation, each participant completed the Wong Baker faces pain scale, and the quality of life short form -12 (QOL SF-12)...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917239/screening-for-inadequate-dietary-vitamin-b-12-intake-in-south-asian-women-using-a-nutrient-specific-semi-quantitative-food-frequency-questionnaire
#11
Gael Janine Mearns, Elaine Carolyn Rush
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A high prevalence of vitamin B-12 (B-12) deficiency among young women of South Asian origin predisposes to significant health risks for these women and their future offspring. Vegetarian or low-meat based dietary practices contribute to B-12 deficiency. This study validated a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (B12FFQ), developed to estimate dietary B-12 intake in South Asian women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The B12FFQ was developed, then tested in 60 apparently healthy South Asian women aged 18-50 years, living in Auckland, New Zealand...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917230/energy-restriction-combined-with-green-coffee-bean-extract-affects-serum-adipocytokines-and-the-body-composition-in-obese-women
#12
Fatemeh Haidari, Mehnoosh Samadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Mohammad Taha Jalali, Kambiz Ahmadi Engali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of green coffee bean extract combined with an energy-restricted diet on the body composition and serum adipocytokines in obese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this randomised clinical trial, 64 obese women aged 20-45 years were selected and divided into two groups: an intervention group (receiving 400 mg green coffee bean extract for 8 weeks) and control group (receiving placebo)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917197/adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life-evidence-from-structural-equation-models
#13
Elizabeth C Pino, Karla Damus, Brian Jack, David Henderson, Snezana Milanovic, Bindu Kalesan
BACKGROUND: The complex association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms is not entirely understood and the existing literature does not address the relationship between early-life SES and later-life depression from a life-course perspective, incorporating mediating events. METHODS: Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we employed structural equation modeling to examine how SES measured at age 18 affects depressive symptoms at age 54 directly and through mediating variables college graduation, marriage, and household income level at age 36...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#14
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916918/mixed-blessings-religion-spirituality-predicts-better-and-worse-screening-behaviours
#15
David Speed
Some health research suggests that religious and spiritual variables positively predict health-screening behaviours. However, much of the literature on this topic has utilized exclusively religious samples, or has sampled from populations without uniform access to health care. Either of these issues may have artificially inflated the relationship between religion/spirituality and health-screening behaviours. The current study used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey to examine a general sample of women from New Brunswick and Manitoba (N > 1200)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916897/improvement-of-quality-of-life-and-psychological-distress-after-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-results-of-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-observational-study
#16
David Riedl, Johannes M Giesinger, Lisa M Wintner, Fanny L Loth, Gerhard Rumpold, Richard Greil, Alain Nickels, Thomas Licht, Bernhard Holzner
BACKGROUND: With the growing number of cancer survivors worldwide the need for high quality cancer rehabilitation after primary treatment is steadily increasing. The aim of the present study was to investigate change of psychological distress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during multidisciplinary inpatient cancer rehabilitation in a large sample of cancer survivors suffering from different cancer entities. METHODS: We analyzed data from routine HRQOL and distress monitoring at a cancer inpatient rehabilitation center...
September 15, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916888/hiv-testing-among-foreign-born-men-and-women-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Eduardo Valverde, Elizabeth DiNenno, Emeka Oraka, Gregory Bautista, Pollyanna Chavez
HIV disproportionately affects the foreign-born population in the United States. This analysis describes the prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals residing in the United States. Data from a national health survey of the civilian, non-institutionalized population was used to describe prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals by birth place. Multivariate logistic-regression procedures were used to determine factors associated with ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born men and women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916875/traumatic-injuries-to-the-pregnant-patient-a-critical-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
P Petrone, P Jiménez-Morillas, A Axelrad, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy is the leading non-obstetrical cause of maternal death and a significant public health burden. This study reviews the most common causes of trauma during pregnancy, morbidity, and mortality, and the impact upon perinatal outcomes associated with trauma, providing a management approach to pregnant trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the current literature from January 2006 to July 2016 was performed...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916548/do-comorbidities-play-a-role-in-hand-osteoarthritis-disease-burden-data-from-the-hand-osteoarthritis-in-secondary-care-cohort
#19
Wendy Damman, Rani Liu, Féline P B Kroon, Monique Reijnierse, Tom W J Huizinga, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Because the association and its clinical relevance between comorbidities and primary hand osteoarthritis (OA) disease burden is unclear, we studied this in patients with hand OA from our Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (HOSTAS) cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HOSTAS study were used, including consecutive patients with primary hand OA. Nineteen comorbidities were assessed: 18 self-reported (modified Charlson index and osteoporosis) and obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2))...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#20
Lena Lange, Barbra Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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