keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Women's Health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749578/a-descriptive-study-of-intentional-self-poisoning-from-new-zealand-national-registry-data
#1
Eeva-Katri Kumpula, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Pauline Norris, Paul Quigley
OBJECTIVE: Understanding which population groups intentionally poison themselves by overdose and which substances are used are key to developing prevention efforts for such injuries. This paper uses Ministry of Health (MOH) data to explore the demographic characteristics of those who intentionally self-poison and the substances used, identifies limitations of existing data collections and makes recommendations for the future. METHODS: MOH mortality data from 2000 to 2012, and public hospital presentation data from 2000-2014 of cases of intentional self-poisoning (ISP), and poisoning of undetermined intent (UDP), were examined...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749561/trends-in-prevalence-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-inactivity-results-from-australian-national-health-surveys-1989-to-2011
#2
Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in leisure time physical activity and inactivity in Australians aged 15 years or older from 1989 to 2011. METHOD: We used data from six Australian National Health Surveys conducted from 1989/90 to 2011/12 in which physical activity was assessed using comparable questions. Analyses examined trends in the prevalence of sufficient physical activity (≥150 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and of inactivity (<30 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity)...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749453/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-improves-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-cirrhosis
#3
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749442/long-term-effects-of-pregnancy-complications-on-maternal-health-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Ran Neiger
Background: Most pregnancy-related medical complications appear to resolve at delivery or shortly thereafter. Common examples are preterm labor, placental abruption, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Women who developed such complications are known to be at increased risk of developing similar complications in future pregnancies. It has recently become evident that these women are at an increased risk of long term medical complications. Methods: A search through scientific publications in English regarding the association of obstetric complications and long-term maternal illness...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749367/genome-wide-association-study-of-susceptibility-to-particulate-matter-associated-qt-prolongation
#5
Rahul Gondalia, Christy L Avery, Melanie D Napier, Raúl Méndez-Giráldez, James D Stewart, Colleen M Sitlani, Yun Li, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Qing Duan, Jeffrey Roach, Kari E North, Alexander P Reiner, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Lesley F Tinker, Jeff D Yanosky, Duanping Liao, Eric A Whitsel
BACKGROUND: Ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution exposure has been associated with increases in QT interval duration (QT). However, innate susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: To characterize genetic susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation in a multi-racial/ethnic, genome-wide association study (GWAS). METHODS: Using repeated electrocardiograms (1986-2004), longitudinal data on in diameter (), and generalized estimating equations methods adapted for low-prevalence exposure, we estimated approximately interactions among nine Women's Health Initiative clinical trials and Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study subpopulations (), then combined subpopulation-specific results in a fixed-effects, inverse variance-weighted meta-analysis...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749148/death-narratives-and-cervical-cancer-impact-of-character-death-on-narrative-processing-and-hpv-vaccination
#6
Melinda Krakow, Robert N Yale, Debora Perez Torres, Katheryn Christy, Jakob D Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Narratives hold promise as an effective public health message strategy for health behavior change, yet research on what types of narratives are most persuasive is still in the formative stage. Narrative persuasion research has identified 2 promising features of such messages that could influence behavior: whether characters live or die, and whether characters encounter key barriers. This study investigated the effects of these 2 narrative message features on young women's HPV vaccination intentions and examined mediating psychological processes of narrative persuasion in the context of cervical cancer messages...
July 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749101/barriers-to-cervical-cancer-and-breast-cancer-screening-uptake-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
Rakibul M Islam, Baki Billah, Md Nassif Hossain, John Oldroyd
Background: Cervical cancer (CCa) and breast cancer (BCa) are the two leading cancers in women worldwide. Early detection and education to promote early diagnosis and screening of CCa and BCa greatly increases the chances for successful treatment and survival. Screening uptake for CCa and BCa in low and middle - income countries (LMICs) is low, and is consequently failing to prevent these diseases. We conducted a systematic review to identify the key barriers to CCa and BCa screening in women in LMICs. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search using Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, CINHAL Plus, and Google scholar to retrieve all English language studies from inception to 2015...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748589/the-role-of-medical-abortion-in-the-implementation-of-the-law-on-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-in-uruguay
#8
Verónica Fiol, Leticia Rieppi, Rafael Aguirre, María Nozar, Mónica Gorgoroso, Francisco Coppola, Leonel Briozzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of the law that liberalizes voluntary abortion in Uruguay and enables health services to offer these services to the population. METHODS: The legal and regulatory provisions are described and the national data-provided by the Ministry of Public Health's National Information System (SINADI)-on the number of voluntary terminations of pregnancy, the abortion method (medical or surgical), and whether it was performed as an outpatient or inpatient are analyzed...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748587/from-risk-and-harm-reduction-to-decriminalizing-abortion-the-uruguayan-model-for-women-s-rights
#9
Leonel Briozzo
OBJECTIVE: To describe public policies, social actions, particularly those of obstetricians/gynecologists, and changes in abortion-related legislation in the different historical periods between 1990 and 2015, and to analyze temporal correlations with a reduction in maternal mortality. METHODS: The 1990-2015 period was divided into three different stages to permit evaluation of the legislation, health regulations, healthcare system, and professional practices related to the care provided in cases of unsafe abortion: 1990-2001, characterized by illegality and the healthcare system's denial of abortion; 2001-2012, when the model for reducing the risk and harm of unsafe abortions was developed; and 2012-2015, when abortion was finally decriminalized...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748584/a-replication-of-the-uruguayan-model-in-the-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina-as-a-public-policy-for-reducing-abortion-related-maternal-mortality
#10
Marisa G Matía, Eugenia C Trumper, Nery Orlando Fures, Jimena Orchuela
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of the risk and harm reduction model at primary care level to decrease the mortality due to unsafe abortion in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and evaluate the results. METHODS: The services offered at primary health units to women undergoing abortion are described-first, only risk reduction and later, legal termination of the pregnancy-including their evolution between 2010 and 2015. The changes in abortion-related maternal mortality are also evaluated...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748583/overall-and-abortion-related-maternal-mortality-rates-in-uruguay-over-the-past-25-years-and-their-association-with-policies-and-actions-aimed-at-protecting-women-s-rights
#11
Leonel Briozzo, Rodolfo Gómez Ponce de León, Giselle Tomasso, Anibal Faúndes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in maternal mortality rates in Uruguay over the past 25 years, as well as their distribution by cause, and their temporal relationship with social changes and Human Development Index (HDI) indicators. METHODS: Data on maternal mortality obtained directly from the Uruguayan Ministry of Public Health for the 2001 to 2015 period were analyzed together with data from the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation for the 1990 to 2015 period...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748383/is-ambient-heat-exposure-levels-associated-with-miscarriage-or-stillbirths-in-hot-regions-a-cross-sectional-study-using-survey-data-from-the-ghana-maternal-health-survey-2007
#12
Benedict Asamoah, Tord Kjellstrom, Per-Olof Östergren
It is well established that high ambient heat could cause congenital abnormalities resulting in miscarriage or stillbirth among certain species of mammals. However, this has not been systematically studied in real field settings among humans, despite the potential value of such knowledge for estimating the impact of global warming on the human species. This study sought to test the hypothesis that maternal heat exposure during pregnancy in hot regions is associated with increased prevalence of spontaneous abortions or stillbirths and to develop an analytical strategy to use existing data from maternal health surveys and existing data on historical heat levels at a geographic grid cell level...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748376/assessment-of-gestational-diabetes-and-associated-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-the-pacific-island-nation-of-palau
#13
Mindy S Sugiyama, Haley L Cash, Christine Roseveare, Rumi Reklai, Kliu Basilius, Sherilynn Madraisau
Objective Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Palau and across the Pacific Islands is a serious public health issue that is currently understudied. Methods This study was a retrospective cohort study that included 1730 women with a single live birth in Palau between January 2007 and December 2014. Results The overall prevalence of GDM among women in Palau was 5.5%. Women who were older (≥30 years) or obese (BMI ≥30) were more likely to have GDM than women who were younger (<30 years) or non-obese (BMI <30), respectively...
July 26, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748341/obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-women-in-berlin-germany
#14
Matthias David, Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Babett Ramsauer, Wolfgang Henrich, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Oliver Razum
BACKGROUND: In Germany, regular immigrants and their descendants have legal and financial access to health care equal to the general citizenry. Nonetheless, some of their health outcomes are comparatively unfavorable, and that is only partially explained by their lower socioeconomic status (SES). The aim of this study was to assess whether this disparity exists also for obstetric and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We compared obstetric and perinatal outcomes between immigrant women (first or second generation) and non-immigrant women, delivering at three maternity hospitals in Berlin, Germany, 2011-2012...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748324/alcohol-drinking-patterns-and-risk-of-diabetes-a-cohort-study-of-70-551-men-and-women-from-the-general-danish-population
#15
Charlotte Holst, Ulrik Becker, Marit E Jørgensen, Morten Grønbæk, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with diabetes, but little is known about the role of drinking patterns. We examined the association between alcohol drinking patterns and diabetes risk in men and women from the general Danish population. METHODS: This cohort study was based on data from the Danish Health Examination Survey 2007-2008. Of the 76,484 survey participants, 28,704 men and 41,847 women were eligible for this study. Participants were followed for a median of 4...
July 27, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748316/sleep-and-mental-health-in-the-general-population-of-elderly-women
#16
Kathryn M Thomas, Lauren A Redd, Joshua D Wright, Jessica L Hartos
Sleep and mental health complaints are prevalent in the elderly and share common risk factors. We assessed the relationship between sleep and mental health in three representative samples of elderly women while controlling for multiple risk factors common to both. We performed this cross sectional secondary data analysis in 2015 using 2013 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for females ages 65 years and older from California (N = 1912), Florida (N = 9120), and Pennsylvania (N = 2429)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748265/epidemiology-of-heart-failure-in-germany-a-retrospective-database-study
#17
Stefan Störk, Renate Handrock, Josephine Jacob, Jochen Walker, Frederico Calado, Raquel Lahoz, Stephan Hupfer, Sven Klebs
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (HF) is associated with significant healthcare expenditure, morbidity, and mortality. This study investigated the epidemiology of HF in Germany. METHODS: This retrospective study used anonymous healthcare claims data from the German Health Risk Institute on individuals with statutory health insurance. Patients with uninterrupted data from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 or death (whichever occurred first), and ≥2 recorded HF-related diagnoses in 2011, were included...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748096/unemployment-and-hiv-mortality-in-the-countries-of-the-organisation-for-economic-co-operation-and-development-1981-2009
#18
Mahiben Maruthappu, Charlie Zhou, Callum Williams, Thomas Zeltner, Rifat Atun
OBJECTIVES: To determine an association between unemployment rates and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) mortality in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). DESIGN: Multivariate regression analysis. PARTICIPANTS: OECD member states. SETTING: OECD. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: World Health Organization HIV mortality. RESULTS: Between 1981 and 2009, a 1% increase in unemployment was associated with an increase in HIV mortality in the OECD (coefficient for men 0...
July 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747944/impact-of-post-hospital-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-after-surgical-treatment-for-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Józefa Dąbek, Ewelina Pyka, Joanna Piotrkowicz, Krystian Stachoń, Grażyna Bonek-Wytrych
INTRODUCTION: The quality of life of cardiovascular patients is worse than that of healthy individuals. Pain, dyspnea, and fatigue impair daily activities, which in turn leads to decreased life satisfaction and emotional deterioration. The objective of comprehensive treatment, including early rehabilitation, is to reduce the risk of complications, progression, and recurrence of the disease, as well as to restore, maintain, or improve all aspects of the patient's quality of life to the greatest extent possible...
June 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747897/identification-of-emerging-human-mastitis-pathogens-by-maldi-tof-and-assessment-of-their-antibiotic-resistance-patterns
#20
María Marín, Rebeca Arroyo, Irene Espinosa-Martos, Leónides Fernández, Juan M Rodríguez
Lactational mastitis constitutes one of the main causes of undesired weaning, depriving the mother-infant pair from the benefits of breastfeeding; therefore, this condition should be considered a relevant public health issue. The role of specific microorganisms remains unclear since human milk cultures and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) are not routinely performed, despite the fact that this would be key to ensure an early and effective diagnosis and treatment. The objective of this study was to describe the culturable microbial diversity in 647 milk samples from breastfeeding women with clinical symptoms of mastitis by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) VITEK MS technology and to analyze the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of a collection of isolates from these samples by the VITEK 2 AST system...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
keyword
keyword
617
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"