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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107741/building-related-symptoms-are-linked-to-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-indoor-dust-and-airborne-microbial-propagules-in-schools-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
J T Salin, M Salkinoja-Salonen, P J Salin, K Nelo, T Holma, P Ohtonen, H Syrjälä
INTRODUCTION: Indoor microbial toxicity is suspected to cause some building-related symptoms, but supporting epidemiological data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the in vitro toxicity of indoor samples from school buildings was associated with work-related health symptoms (building-related symptoms, BRS). METHODS: Administrators of the Helsinki City Real Estate Department selected 15 schools for the study, and a questionnaire on symptoms connected to work was sent to the teachers in the selected schools for voluntary completion...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#2
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#3
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107486/determinants-of-cervical-cancer-screening-accuracy-for-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-via-and-lugol-s-iodine-vili-performed-by-nurse-and-physician
#4
Amidu O Raifu, Mariam El-Zein, Ghislain Sangwa-Lugoma, Agnihotram Ramanakumar, Stephen D Walter, Eduardo L Franco
BACKGROUND: Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and Lugol's iodine (VILI) are used to screen women for cervical cancer in low-resource settings. Little is known about correlates of their diagnostic accuracy by healthcare provider. We examined determinants of VIA and VILI screening accuracy by examiner in a cross-sectional screening study of 1528 women aged 30 years or older in a suburb of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: We used a logistic regression model for sensitivity and specificity to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of VIA and VILI, independently performed by nurse and physician, as a function of sociodemographic and reproductive health characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107460/the-incidence-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-pregnant-women-with-placenta-previa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Dazhi Fan, Qing Xia, Li Liu, Shuzhen Wu, Guo Tian, Wen Wang, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: The global burden of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in women with placenta previa is a major public health concern. Although there are different reports on the incidence of PPH in different countries, to date, no research has reviewed them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to calculate the average point incidence of PPH in women with placenta previa. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies estimating PPH in women with placenta previa was conducted through literature searches in four databases in Jul 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107459/associations-of-health-club-membership-with-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-health
#6
Elizabeth C Schroeder, Gregory J Welk, Warren D Franke, Duck-Chul Lee
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates whether a health club membership is associated with meeting the US physical activity (PA) guidelines and/or favorable cardiovascular health. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data of health club members (n = 204) and non-members (n = 201) from April to August 2013, this is the first study to our knowledge to examine a health club membership in relation to objectively measured cardiovascular health indicators including resting blood pressure, resting heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and cardiorespiratory fitness based on a non-exercise test algorithm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107428/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-support-on-violence-against-pregnant-women-a-structural-equation-modeling-analysis
#7
Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri
Few studies have used structural equation modeling to analyze the effects of variables on violence against women. The present study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic status and social support on violence against pregnant women who used prenatal services. This was a cross-sectional study based on data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (BRISA). The sample of the municipality of São Luís (Maranhão/Brazil) consisted of 1,446 pregnant women interviewed in 2010 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#9
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107038/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-korean-cancer-survivors-based-on-data-obtained-by-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2008-2011
#10
Eun Young Kim, Kirang Kim, Young Saing Kim, Hee Kyung Ahn, Yu Mi Jeong, Jeong Ho Kim, Won-Jun Choi
Using a representative dataset from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we analyzed anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-determined body composition findings for 493 cancer survivors (mean age a61.1 ± 12.6 years; 35.7% male). A much higher proportion of men (30.1%) than women (0.6%) met the criteria of sarcopenia. Subjects with a history of lung cancer, genitourinary cancer, or gastric cancer were prone to develop sarcopenia (31.6%, 26...
January 20, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106526/anti-hepatitis-c-virus-seroprevalence-in-the-working-age-population-in-poland-2004-to-2014
#11
Bożena Walewska-Zielecka, Urszula Religioni, Grzegorz Juszczyk, Zbigniew M Wawrzyniak, Aleksandra Czerw, Piotr Soszyński, Adam Fronczak
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be a serious public health concern and one of the major public health priorities. In 2005, it was estimated that there are 185 million anti-HCV positive people in the world, which constitutes 2.8% of the global population. Our study estimates the anti-HCV seroprevalence in the working age population (15-64 years-old), mostly urban and suburban residents, in Poland from 2004 to 2014. The studied group consisted of 61,805 working-age population representatives whose data were obtained from electronic medical records of an outpatient clinic network operating on a countrywide level...
January 12, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106100/examining-trends-in-family-planning-among-harder-to-reach-women-in-senegal-1992-2014
#12
Francesca L Cavallaro, Lenka Benova, David Macleod, Adama Faye, Caroline A Lynch
Recent increases in family planning (FP) use have been reported among women of reproductive age in union (WRAU) in Senegal. However, trends have not been monitored among harder-to-reach groups (including adolescents, unmarried and rural poor women), key to understanding whether FP progress is equitable. We combined data from six Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in Senegal between 1992/93 and 2014. We examined FP trends over time among WRAU and subgroups, and trends in knowledge of FP and intention to use among women with unmet need for FP...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#13
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105545/does-pregnancy-increase-use-and-awareness-of-nutrition-information-in-food-labels
#14
Juhee Kim, Satomi Imai, Holly Mathews
Objectives This study aims to examine food label use, specific reading behaviors and the awareness of dietary recommendations among U.S. pregnant women in comparison to non-pregnant women. Methods A cross-sectional data analysis was conducted using a representative national sample of U.S. women aged 16 to 44 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (n = 1875). Food label users were defined as woman who used the Nutrition Facts panel when making a food choice in the frequency of always, most of the time, or sometimes...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105531/-big-eye-surgery-the-ethics-of-medicalizing-asian-features
#15
Yves Saint James Aquino
The popularity of surgical modifications of race-typical features among Asian women has generated debates on the ethical implications of the practice. Focusing on blepharoplasty as a representative racial surgery, this article frames the ethical discussion by viewing Asian cosmetic surgery as an example of medicalization, which can be interpreted in two forms: treatment versus enhancement. In the treatment form, medicalization occurs by considering cosmetic surgery as remedy for pathologized Asian features; the pathologization usually occurs in reference to western features as the norm...
January 19, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104822/association-between-soluble-klotho-and-change-in-kidney-function-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#16
David A Drew, Ronit Katz, Stephen Kritchevsky, Joachim Ix, Michael Shlipak, Orlando M Gutiérrez, Anne Newman, Andy Hoofnagle, Linda Fried, Richard D Semba, Mark Sarnak
CKD appears to be a condition of soluble klotho deficiency. Despite known associations between low soluble klotho levels and conditions that promote kidney damage, such as oxidative stress and fibrosis, little information exists regarding the longitudinal association between soluble klotho levels and change in kidney function. We assayed serum soluble α-klotho in 2496 participants within the Health Aging and Body Composition study, a cohort of older adults. The associations between soluble klotho levels and decline in kidney function (relative decline: eGFR decline ≥30%; absolute decline: eGFR decline >3 ml/min per year) and incident CKD (incident eGFR <60 ml/min per 1...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104698/periconceptional-maternal-one-carbon-biomarkers-are-associated-with-embryonic-development-according-to-the-carnegie-stages
#17
F Parisi, M Rousian, A H J Koning, S P Willemsen, I Cetin, R P M Steegers-Theunissen
STUDY QUESTION: Is periconceptional maternal one-carbon (I-C) metabolism associated with embryonic morphological development in non-malformed ongoing pregnancies? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum vitamin B12, red blood cell (RBC) folate and plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) are associated with embryonic development according to the Carnegie stages. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Derangements in maternal I-C metabolism affect reproductive and pregnancy outcomes, as well as future health of the offspring...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104595/frailty-affects-the-initial-treatment-response-and-time-to-recovery-of-mobility-in-acutely-ill-older-adults-admitted-to-hospital
#18
Oliver L Hatheway, Arnold Mitnitski, Kenneth Rockwood
OBJECTIVES: to investigate how frailty and mobility impairment affect recovery of balance and mobility in acutely ill older patients. DESIGN: secondary analysis of cohort study. SETTING: general and geriatric medicine inpatient units, QEII Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, Canada. SUBJECTS: four hundred and nine older adults (mean age = 81 ± 7 standard deviation, 64% women). METHODS: we constructed a frailty index based on a comprehensive geriatric assessment (FI-CGA), at baseline (2 weeks before admission; mean 0...
January 18, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104403/a-model-to-predict-risk-of-blood-transfusion-after-gynecologic-surgery
#19
Jamie Stanhiser, Kevin Chagin, J Eric Jelovsek
BACKGROUND: A model that predicts a patient's risk of receiving a blood transfusion may facilitate selective preoperative testing and more efficient perioperative blood management utilization. OBJECTIVES: To construct and validate a model that predicts a patient's risk of receiving a blood transfusion after gynecologic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: 18,319 women who underwent gynecologic surgery at 10 institutions in a single health system by 116 surgeons between January 2010 and June 2014 were analyzed...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104402/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-metabolic-phenotype
#20
Lawrence Engmann, Susan Jin, Fangbai Sun, Richard S Legro, Alex J Polotsky, Karl R Hansen, Christos Coutifaris, Michael P Diamond, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro
BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome have a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Blacks and Hispanics have a high morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus in the general population. Since metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, understanding any racial and ethnic differences in metabolic syndrome amongst women with polycystic ovarian syndrome is important for prevention strategies...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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