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Women's Health

Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal
Public health messages are traditionally disseminated using mass media that typically are unidirectional or one-way communication. Consequent to the current media proliferation, two-way communication channels are also available for publishing health messages. Though they differ in operation, they co-exist which is explained by the media complementarity theory. This study reports research that identified the sources that women of childbearing age in New Zealand prefer when seeking information concerning alcohol and pregnancy...
July 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
Erik Landfeldt, Anna Castelo-Branco, Axel Svedbom, Emil Löfroth, Andrius Kavaliunas, Jan Hillert
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on the risk of divorce. However, current evidence is inconclusive and limited by e.g. small sample populations, short follow-up, and/or lack of a control group. The objective of this retrospective, observational study was to estimate the long-term impact of MS on the risk of divorce. METHODS: Swedish patients diagnosed with MS between 1975 and 2012 were identified in a nationwide disease-specific register (the Swedish Multiple Sclerosis Registry) and matched with general population controls based on age, sex, region of residency, and marital status...
July 3, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Anna Maisa, Sarah Milligan, Alison Quinn, Denise Boulter, Jillian Johnston, Charlene Treanor, Declan T Bradley
OBJECTIVES: Influenza and pertussis vaccination programmes have been in place for pregnant women in the UK since 2009 and 2012, respectively. In 2015, vaccine uptake rates were 55% for influenza and 63% for pertussis in Northern Ireland. We conducted a qualitative study with the aim of learning about the views of pregnant women and identifying potential barriers to vaccination in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus groups and in-depth interviews...
July 11, 2018: Public Health
Nina Julie Verket, Till Uhlig, Leiv Sandvik, Marit Helen Andersen, Tom Gunnar Tanbo, Erik Qvigstad
INTRODUCTION: Women with endometriosis have reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, comparisons to the general population and other patient groups are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional questionnaire study included 157 women with endometriosis, 156 women from the general population, and 837 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). During a period from 2012 to 2013, women aged 18-45 years were recruited from the Norwegian Endometriosis Association and from a random sample of women residing in Oslo, Norway...
July 14, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Partha Basu, Farida Selmouni, Latifa Belakhel, Catherine Sauvaget, Loubna Abousselham, Eric Lucas, Richard Muwonge, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Youssef Chami Khazraji
Breast Cancer Screening Program was introduced and rolled out in Morocco in 2010. Women between 40 and 69 years are screened at the primary health centers (PHC) with clinical breast examination (CBE). A comprehensive evaluation of the program was conducted in 2016-2017 for quality assurance and mid-term course correction. The evaluation process involved: in-depth interviews of program managers; focus group discussions with service-providers of screening, diagnosis and treatment; supportive supervisory visits to randomly selected PHCs and diagnostic centers; desk review of the national guidelines and other published documents; and analysis of the performance data compiled by the program-in-charge...
July 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
A J Søgaard, A H Ranhoff, H E Meyer, T K Omsland, W Nystad, G S Tell, K Holvik
The association between alcohol consumption and hip fracture differed by gender: Men aged 30-59 years drinking frequently or 14+ gl/week had higher risk than moderate drinkers. No significant association was seen in older men. Women not drinking alcohol had higher risk than those drinking moderately both regarding frequency and amount. INTRODUCTION: We aimed to examine alcohol consumption and risk of hip fracture according to age and gender in the population-based Cohort of Norway (1994-2003)...
July 13, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Heather M Ochs-Balcom, Holly Shaw, Leah Preus, Julie R Palmer, Stephen A Haddad, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
Several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified genetic variants associated with birth weight. To date, however, most GWAS of birth weight have focused primarily on European ancestry samples even though prevalence of low birth weight is higher among African-Americans. We conducted admixture mapping using 2918 ancestral informative markers in 2596 participants of the Black Women's Health Study, with the goal of identifying novel genomic regions where local African ancestry is associated with birth weight...
July 13, 2018: Human Genetics
Thalia P Farietta, Bo Lu, Rachel Tumin
Objective To examine changes in the prevalence and odds of unmet healthcare needs and healthcare utilization among low-income women of reproductive age (WRA) after Ohio's 2014, ACA-associated Medicaid expansion, which extended coverage to non-senior adults with a family income ≤ 138% of the federal poverty level. Methods We analyzed publically available data from the 2012 and 2015 Ohio Medicaid Assessment Survey (OMAS), a cross-sectional telephone survey of Ohio's non-institutionalized adult population...
July 13, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Mary Guo, Michelle Quensell, Ann Chang, Jill Miyamura, Tetine Sentell
Introduction Comprehension of healthcare terminology across diverse populations is critical to patient education and engagement. Methods Women in Oahu, Hawai'i with a recent delivery were interviewed about their understanding of ten common obstetric terms. Health literacy was assessed by the rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine (REALM). Multivariable models predicted total terms comprehended by demographic factors. Results Of 269 participants, self-reported primary race was 20.5% Japanese, 19.0% Native Hawaiian, 19...
July 13, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Benjamin L Franc, Timothy P Copeland, Robert Thombley, Miran Park, Ben Marafino, Mitzi L Dean, W John Boscardin, Hope S Rugo, David Seidenwurm, Bhupinder Sharma, Stephen R Johnston, R Adams Dudley
Background: The objective of this study was to examine the presence and magnitude of US geographic variation in use rates of both recommended and high-cost imaging in young patients with early-stage breast cancer during the 18 month period after surgical treatment of their primary tumor. Methods: Using the Truven Health MarketScan Commercial Database, a descriptive analysis was conducted of geographic variation in annual rates of dedicated breast imaging and high-cost body imaging of 36,045 women aged 18 to 64 years treated with surgery for invasive unilateral breast cancer between 2010 and 2012...
July 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
José V Gutiérrez-Manzanedo, Florentino Carral San Laureano, Pablo Moreno Vides, Guillermo de Castro-Maqueda, Jorge R Fernández-Santosa, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González
AIMS: To evaluate the knowledge of teachers in educative public centres (pre-, primary, and secondary schools) about type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the Puerto Real University Hospital area (Cadiz, Spain). METHODS: Descriptive observational study in which 756 teachers' answers on the Test of Diabetes Knowledge for Teachers (TDKT) were analysed. Teachers from 44 educative public centres in the Puerto Real University Hospital area (Cadiz, Spain) were selected by randomized sampling (mean age, 44...
July 10, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Andrea L Hevener, Zhenqi Zhou, Timothy M Moore, Brian G Drew, Vicent Ribas
BACKGROUND: The incidence of chronic disease is elevated in women after menopause. Natural variation in muscle expression of the estrogen receptor (ER)α is inversely associated with plasma insulin and adiposity. Moreover, reduced muscle ERα expression levels are observed in women and animals presenting clinical features of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). Considering that metabolic dysfunction impacts nearly a quarter of the U.S. adult population and elevates chronic disease risk including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers, treatment strategies to combat metabolic dysfunction and associated pathologies are desperately needed...
June 21, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
Anthony I Ajayi, Wilson Akpan
OBJECTIVES: There appears to be an increasing trend of condom use for pregnancy prevention among nulliparous and multiparous women in developing countries. Drawing from a cross-sectional survey involving 1227 women selected using a 3-stage cluster random sampling technique, the study examines the rates of condom use and its determinants among parous women in three states in North Central and South Western Nigeria. RESULTS: The rate of condom use among parous women was 13...
July 13, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Annalisa Saracino, Mauro Zaccarelli, Patrizia Lorenzini, Alessandra Bandera, Giulia Marchetti, Francesco Castelli, Andrea Gori, Enrico Girardi, Cristina Mussini, Paolo Bonfanti, Adriana Ammassari, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte
BACKGROUND: Social determinants are known to be a driving force of health inequalities, even in high income countries. Aim of our study was to determine if these factors can limit antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, outcome and retention in care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Italy. METHODS: All ART naïve HIV+ patients (pts) of Italian nationality enrolled in the ICONA Cohort from 2002 to 2016 were included. The association of socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, risk factor for HIV infection, educational level, occupational status and residency area) with time to: ART initiation (from the first positive anti-HIV test), ART regimen discontinuation, and first HIV-RNA < 50 cp/mL, were evaluated by Cox regression analysis, Kaplan Meier method and log-rank test...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastian, Anneli Ivarsson, Per E Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular disease seem to widen or endure in Sweden. However, research on inequalities in antecedent cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), and particularly what underpins them, is scarce. The present study aimed 1) to estimate income-related inequalities in eight biological cardiovascular risk factors in Swedish middle-aged women and men; and 2) to examine the contribution of demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and psychosocial determinants to the observed inequalities...
July 13, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Kazuma Yagi, Takanori Asakura, Ho Namkoong, Shoji Suzuki, Takahiro Asami, Satoshi Okamori, Tatsuya Kusumoto, Yohei Funatsu, Hirofumi Kamata, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Makoto Ishii, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Naoki Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (pMAC) disease is a chronic, slowly progressive disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of six-minute walk test (6MWT) parameters with pulmonary function and the health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with pMAC disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adult patients with pMAC and was conducted at Keio University Hospital. We investigated the relationship of 6MWT parameters with clinical parameters, including pulmonary function, and HRQL, which was assessed using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and St...
July 13, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Girma Alemayehu Beyene, Lelisa Sena Dadi, Solomon Berhanu Mogas
BACKGROUND: Despite wide spread use of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) by pregnant women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the transmission rate is still higher by 18% after breastfeeding ends. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting mother-to-child HIV transmission. METHODS: Unmatched case-control study was conducted in Addis Ababa, from April to May, 2017. A case was HIV positive mother who had been on PMTCT program with her child confirmed HIV positive at or before 24 months and control was HIV positive mother who had been on PMTCT program with her child tested definitive HIV negative at 24 months...
July 13, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ana María Vásquez, Lina Zuluaga, Alberto Tobón, Maritza Posada, Gabriel Vélez, Iveth J González, Ana Campillo, Xavier Ding
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women frequently show low-density Plasmodium infections that require more sensitive methods for accurate diagnosis and early treatment of malaria. This is particularly relevant in low-malaria transmission areas, where intermittent preventive treatment is not recommended. Molecular methods, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are highly sensitive, but require sophisticated equipment and advanced training. Instead, loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) provides an opportunity for molecular detection of malaria infections in remote endemic areas, outside a reference laboratory...
July 13, 2018: Malaria Journal
Martina Mocking, Ary I Savitri, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Dwirani Amelia, Edward Antwi, Mohammad Baharuddin, Diederick E Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Joyce L Browne
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is common among pregnant women, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While body mass index (BMI) relates to many risk factors for anaemia in pregnancy, little is known about the direct relation with anaemia itself. This is particularly relevant in Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa where the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy and the associated adverse outcomes is among the highest worldwide. This study aimed to assess the association between early pregnancy BMI and anaemia at first antenatal care visit in Indonesian and Ghanaian women...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
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