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Women's Health

Meena Srivastava, David Sullivan, B Ryan Phelps, Surbhi Modi, Laura N Broyles
INTRODUCTION: With the rapid scale-up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the "Treat All" era, there has been increasing emphasis on using differentiated models of HIV service delivery. The gaps within the clinical cascade for mothers and their infants suggest that current service delivery models are not meeting families' needs and prompt re-consideration of how services are provided. This article will explore considerations for differentiated care and encourage the ongoing increase of ART coverage through innovative strategies while also addressing the unique needs of mothers and infants...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Suzanne M Willey, Robyn P Cant, Allison Williams, Meredith McIntyre
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore service provision for Victorian regional refugee families from the perspective of Maternal and Child Health nurses. BACKGROUND: Increasingly, more families from a refugee background are resettling in regional Victoria. The refugee journey has significant effect on families. Refugee families with infants and young children can be provided with support by Maternal and Child Health services; however, many families experience barriers to ongoing engagement with this service...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Rodolfo Savica, Brandon R Grossardt, Walter A Rocca, James H Bower
BACKGROUND: Limited population-based information is available on the co-occurrence of dementia and PD. However, projecting the prevalence of PD with and without dementia during the next 50 years is crucial for planning public-health and patient-care initiatives. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to project the prevalence of PD with and without dementia in the United States by 2060. METHODS: We used the Rochester Epidemiology Project medical records-linkage system to identify all persons with PD with or without dementia residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, on January 1, 2006...
January 22, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Saki Narita, Eiko Saito, Norie Sawada, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Kenji Shibuya, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
While many epidemiological studies have studied the association between lung cancer risk and fruits and vegetable consumption, the major sources of antioxidant vitamins, only a few have investigated the direct association with antioxidants in consideration of cancer subtypes and smoking status. Here, we examined the association between consumption of antioxidant vitamins and lung cancer risk in one of the largest prospective cohort studies in Japan. We investigated the association of dietary antioxidant vitamins intake, namely retinol, vitamin C, vitamin E, α-carotene, and β-carotene, and subsequent incidence of lung cancer among 38,207 men and 41,498 women in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Lisa M Daly, Glenn Gardener, Victoria Bowring, Wendy Burton, Yogesh Chadha, David Ellwood, Frederik Frøen, Adrienne Gordon, Alexander Heazell, Kassam Mahomed, Susan McDonald, Jane E Norman, Jeremy Oats, Vicki Flenady
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Centre of Research Excellence in Stillbirth and the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ) have recently partnered in updating an important clinical practice guideline, Care of pregnant women with decreased fetal movements. This guideline offers 12 recommendations and a suggested care pathway, with the aim to improve the quality of care for women reporting decreased fetal movements through an evidence-based approach. Adoption of the guideline by clinicians and maternity hospitals could result in earlier identification of higher-risk pregnancies, improved perinatal health outcomes for women and their babies, and reduced stillbirth rates...
January 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Renee D Kramer, Jenny A Higgins, Amy L Godecker, Deborah B Ehrenthal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether demographic, socioeconomic, and reproductive health characteristics affect long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) use differently by race-ethnicity. Results may inform the dialogue on racial pressure and bias in LARC promotion. STUDY DESIGN: Data derived from the 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG). Our study sample included 9321 women aged 15-44. Logistic regression analyses predicted current LARC use (yes vs...
January 17, 2018: Contraception
Kurt Boman, Finn Thormark Fröst, Ann-Charlotte R Bergman, Mona Olofsson
BACKGROUND: A new biomarker, suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) has been introduced as a marker for fibrosis and hypertrophy. Its clinical value in comparison with NTproBNP in predicting mortality in elderly patients with symptoms of heart failure (HF) is still unclear. AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value for all-cause- and cardiovascular mortality of ST2 or NTproBNP and secondly; the combination of these biomarkers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 170 patients with clinical symptoms of HF of whom 77 (45%) with verified HF were recruited from one selected primary health care centre (PHC) in Sweden and echocardiography was performed in all patients...
January 22, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux, Christian Fiala, Günther Häusler, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet
OBJECTIVE: To assess men's perceptions about monthly bleeding and associated inconveniences for their partner, as well as men's attitudes regarding the desired menstruation frequency for their partner and knowledge about hormonal contraceptives. METHODS: A 15 min quantitative online survey was conducted among 5044 men aged 18-45 years, who had been in a relationship for more than 6 months, across 13 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland)...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Ganga S Bey, Molly E Waring, Bill M Jesdale, Sharina D Person
Chronic stress stemming from social inequity has long been recognized as a risk factor for poor physical and psychological health, yet challenges remain in uncovering the mechanisms through which such exposures affect health outcomes and lead to racial and gender health disparities. Examination of sociocultural influences on group identity, coping, and the expression of stress may yield relevant insight into potential pathways of inequity's effect on risk for chronic disease. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between chronic stress as measured by allostatic load (AL) and depression by gendered race group...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Laura M Little, Amanda S Hinojosa, Samantha Paustian-Underdahl, Kate P Zipay
Unfortunately, not all organizations are supportive of employees' family lives. Family unsupportive workplaces can be stressful for all employees and particularly for pregnant women, who carry a physical reminder of their family life. In the present study, we draw on conservation of resources (COR) theory (Hobfoll, 1989, 2001) to investigate how women manage family unsupportive organizational perceptions during pregnancy via social identity-based impression management behaviors as well as how these strategies relate to changes in stress and changes in conflict between work and family...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
Mabel Berrueta, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Musaku Mwenechanya, Dalau Nkamba Mukadi, Fernando Althabe, Eduardo Bergel, Luz Gibbons, Alvaro Ciganda, Karen Klein, Abigail Mwapule Tembo, Friday Habulembe Mwanakalanga, Ernest Banda, Arlette Mavila Kilonga, Paul Lusamba Dikassa, Xu Xiong, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette K Tshefu, Pierre Buekens
Background: Congenital syphilis is associated with perinatal deaths, preterm births and congenital malformations. Low rates of syphilis screening during pregnancy and treatment of those found seropositive have been reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Zambia. We report the rates on antenatal syphilis screening, the seroprevalence of syphilis infection, and the frequency of antibiotic treatment in pregnant women screened positive for syphilis during their attendance at antenatal care (ANC) clinics in Kinshasa, DRC and Lusaka, Zambia...
December 8, 2017: Gates Open Res
May Sudhinaraset, Patience Afulani, Nadia Diamond-Smith, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, France Donnay, Dominic Montagu
Background: Globally, substantial health inequities exist with regard to maternal, newborn and reproductive health. Lack of access to good quality care-across its many dimensions-is a key factor driving these inequities. Significant global efforts have been made towards improving the quality of care within facilities for maternal and reproductive health. However, one critically overlooked aspect of quality improvement activities is person-centered care. Main body: The objective of this paper is to review existing literature and theories related to person-centered reproductive health care to develop a framework for improving the quality of reproductive health, particularly in low and middle-income countries...
November 6, 2017: Gates Open Res
Juan Jesus Carrero, Manfred Hecking, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Kitty J Jager
Improved understanding of sex and gender-specific differences in the aetiology, mechanisms and epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) could help nephrologists better address the needs of their patients. Population-based studies indicate that CKD epidemiology differs by sex, affecting more women than men, especially with regard to stage G3 CKD. The effects of longer life expectancy on the natural decline of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with age, as well as potential overdiagnosis of CKD through the inappropriate use of GFR equations, might be in part responsible for the greater prevalence of CKD in women...
January 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Kate S Wiles, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Kate Bramham
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with reduced fertility and an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Rates of pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction and preterm delivery increase incrementally with the severity of CKD and proteinuria. Pre-pregnancy counselling can facilitate informed decision-making. Safe and effective contraception is required for women who wish to delay or avoid pregnancy. Pregnancy planning for women who wish to conceive involves appropriate substitution of known teratogens - including mycophenolate mofetil, angiotensin blockers and cyclophosphamide - and can aid optimization of disease control...
January 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Eileen Elias
BACKGROUND: Eileen Elias has decades of experience in leadership positions within government and nongovernmental organizations. As the first female Commissioner for Mental Health in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the US in the early 1990s, Elias gained experience on navigating gender-based challenges to attain recognized performance outcomes. OBJECTIVE: From lessons learned from women leaders, educate young women entering their careers on attaining leadership positions...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Julia Lojewski, Annegret Flothow, Volker Harth, Stefanie Mache
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrate a higher risk for pregnant women to experience stressors within the work context and therefore suggest a higher risk for occupational stress. However, the interaction between work and pregnancy in Germany is currently an area without much active research, even though it is a common occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study explores stressors, coping behaviors and related consequences for pregnant employees in Germany...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Ulrik Lidwall, Sofia Bill, Edward Palmer, Christina Olsson Bohlin
BACKGROUND: The inability to perform productive work due to mental disorders is a growing concern in advanced societies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate medically certified mental disorder and all-cause sick leave in a working population using demographic, socioeconomic and occupational predictors. METHODS: The study population was the entire Swedish work force aged 16-64 years in December 31st 2011. The outcome was sick leave exceeding 14 days in 2012 with adjustment for 13 confounders...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Catherine Rochefort, Michael Hoerger, Nicholas A Turiano, Paul Duberstein
Personality is associated with health, but examinations in patients with illnesses are lacking. We aimed to determine whether personality-physical health associations differed between community and cancer samples. This cross-sectional study involved 168 participants without cancer, 212 men with prostate cancer, and 55 women with breast cancer. We examined whether the Big Five personality dimensions were associated with health behaviors and multiple health indicators. Higher conscientiousness and lower neuroticism were associated with better health behaviors and health ( rmax = ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Rupinder Deol, Kathryn A Lee, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya
Aims: To examine the association between glycaemia status and the risk for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in a cohort of South Asians living in the United States. Methods: A secondary analysis of a community based cohort of 899 participants from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study. The Berlin Questionnaire was used to screen for OSA. Results: Almost one in four (24%) South Asians was at high risk for OSA...
March 2018: Obes Med
Mijin Kim, Yoo Jin Park, Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Tae-Hee Kim, Bora Lee
Postmenopausal women aged 50s generally experience gradual changes in body such as decline in antioxidant and estrogen levels as the body ages. To overcome these aging-associated changes, the needs for health functional foods are increasing. Dendropanax morbifera (DM) have antioxidant effects, anti-inflammatory against cancer cells, antidiabetic, and antiatherogenic effect which are associated with postmenopausal symptoms. We analyzed clinical effects of DM on aging-related symptoms by reporting their antioxidant, anticancer and inflammatory activity, etc...
December 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
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