Read by QxMD icon Read

Pre hospital glucose measurement

Reihaneh Pirjani, Nooshin Shirzad, Mostafa Qorbani, Mina Phelpheli, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Fatemeh Bandarian, Mahboubeh Hemmatabadi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on 256 pregnant women without diabetes referred for prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy to two referral University Hospitals (Shariati and Arash Hospitals) during the years 2012 and 2013. Eligible participants were selected consecutively and were followed until delivery and 6 weeks after that...
October 17, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Giles Major, Sue Pritchard, Kathryn Murray, Jan Paul Alappadan, Caroline Hoad, Luca Marciani, Penny Gowland, Robin Spiller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Poorly digested, fermentable carbohydrates may induce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), via unclear mechanisms. We performed a randomized trial with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis to investigate correlations between symptoms and changes in small and large bowel contents following oral challenge. METHODS: We performed a 3-period crossover study of 29 adult patients with IBS (based on Rome III criteria, with symptoms of abdominal pain or discomfort for at least 2 days/week) and reported bloating...
October 13, 2016: Gastroenterology
Michael A Nauck, Melanie Kahle, Oleg Baranov, Carolyn F Deacon, Jens J Holst
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: GLP-1 receptor agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors both stimulate GLP-1 receptors. Our objective was to determine, whether the addition of sitagliptin to pre-existing therapy with liraglutide changes glycaemic excursions after a mixed meal. METHODS: 16 subjects with type 2 diabetes treated with metformin and liraglutide (1.2 mg/d for ≥ 2 weeks) were randomized (sealed envelopes), within a cross-over design, to be studied on two occasions, after an overnight fast, with (a) sitagliptin (100 mg p...
October 6, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Nizamuddin Ubaidillah, Djanggan Sargowo, Adriawan Widya, Vitryaturrida Jakfar, Kartika Siwi Proboretno, Mirza Failasufi, Yoga Warahugraha, Fadli Ramadhan, Hesti Wulandari, Dinarsari Hayuning Putri
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of polysaccharide peptides (PsP) of Ganoderma lucidum as anti inflammation, anti oxidant, anti diabetic and anti lipid in stable angina pectoris patients. DESIGN AND METHOD: This is a quasi clinical trial experimental study on 34 Stable Angina patients in Saiful Anwar General Hospital was determined based on ESC Stable CAD guidelines, with pre-test and post-test design without control. Parameter measured were TNF alfa, IL-6, MDA, SOD, HbA1c, Fasting glucose and Total cholesterol...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sun Y Lee, Gulce Askin, Marie E McDonnell, Lindsay M Arnold, Sara M Alexanian
Objective Hypoglycemia remains one of the main challenges of insulin therapy. To reduce insulin-related hypoglycemia at our institution, we restricted inpatient ordering of high glargine doses (≥0.5u/kg/day) to endocrine staff in 5/2013. This retrospective cohort study assesses its effect on hypoglycemia and glycemic control ≤48 hours of admission. Methods 692 adult patients hospitalized at Boston Medical Center and received glargine upon admission from 11/1/12-4/30/13 were identified as the pre-intervention group, and 651 adult patients from 11/1/13-4/30/14 as the post-intervention group...
August 19, 2016: Endocrine Practice
Melissa H Lee, Lillianne Liprino, Jeffrey Brooks, Brenda Cayzer, Fiona Weedon, Kate Bermingham, Alicia J Jenkins, Kevin Rowley, David N O'Neal
The aim was to examine predictors of duration of inpatient hospital stay in people with diabetes mellitus to assist implementation of strategies to reduce hospital stay. This audit prospectively studied patients with diabetes mellitus admitted to a medical unit of an Australian community public hospital. Other outcome measures included glucose treatment optimisation and access to GP and diabetes-specific healthcare professionals. Comparison was made to patients without diabetes mellitus who were admitted concomitantly...
July 28, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Rodrigo B Mansur, Camila M Santos, Lucas B Rizzo, Elson Asevedo, Graccielle R Cunha, Mariane N Noto, Mariana Pedrini, Maiara Zeni-Graiff, Quirino Cordeiro, Maj Vinberg, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Elisa Brietzke
OBJECTIVES: The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been proposed as a potential biomarker in bipolar disorder (BD). However, current evidence is limited and results have been highly heterogeneous. This study aimed to assess the moderating effect of impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) on plasma levels of BDNF in individuals with BD, and on the relationship between BDNF and variables of illness course. METHODS: We measured and compared the plasma levels of BDNF in individuals with BD (n=57) and healthy controls (n=26)...
June 2016: Bipolar Disorders
Ziad Nehme, Resmi Nair, Emily Andrew, Stephen Bernard, Marijana Lijovic, Melanie Villani, Sophia Zoungas, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus and blood glucose level (BGL) are emerging as important prognosticators of outcome in critically ill patients. We evaluated the effect of diabetes and pre-hospital BGL on survival to hospital discharge and on 12-month functional recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from a statewide cardiac arrest registry in Victoria, Australia. We included 11 873 adult patients who had had an OHCA of presumed cardiac aetiology between 1 January 2007 and 30 June 2015...
June 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Gehan H Ibrahim, Amel A Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
BACKGROUND: Low serum vitamin D [25(OH)D] has been associated with different health problems worldwide. However, its causal role in several diseases remains unclear. We aimed to correlate vitamin D status with maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnant females. METHOD: One thousand pregnant women were recruited during early labour from the labour ward of King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Detailed medical data of all participants were collected from their records...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ambika Amblee, Daniel Lious, Leon Fogelfeld
CONTEXT: The efficacy/safety of combination oral agents in those with stable newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with severe hyperglycemia is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess glycemic and β-cell outcomes of two oral regimens. DESIGN: This was an open-label, randomized controlled trial with patients enrolled from 2011 through 2014 and followed up for 12 weeks. SETTING: The study was conducted at a major public hospital in Chicago...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Erika Kusunoki, Kitakata Hidenori, Mayuko Kusano, Rie Teranishi, Hiromi Shibuya, Toshiki Okada
BACKGROUND: Recently ERAS protocol has become common, and patients in our hospital drink preoperative oral fluid with carbohydrate nutrition. The present study evaluates interstitial subcutaneous fluid glucose (ISFG) with CGMS-Gold and ISFG variability is relevant to oral fluid. METHODS: The data was ISFG measurement with CGMS-Gold from 29 patients undergoing esophagus operation, liver resection, and pancreaticoduodenectomy in September 2011 to September 2012. We divided them into two groups...
March 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Pamela Arnold, Danielle Scheurer, Andrew W Dake, Angela Hedgpeth, Amy Hutto, Caroline Colquitt, Kathie L Hermayer
BACKGROUND: The Joint Commission Advanced Inpatient Diabetes Certification Program is founded on the American Diabetes Association's Clinical Practice Recommendations and is linked to the Joint Commission Standards. Diabetes currently affects 29.1 million people in the USA and another 86 million Americans are estimated to have pre-diabetes. On a daily basis at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) Medical Center, there are approximately 130-150 inpatients with a diagnosis of diabetes...
April 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Andrea Cardoso Pontual, José Natal Figueiroa, Leanne R De Souza, Joel G Ray, João Guilherme Bezerra Alves
Background Obesity is the most common risk factor in pregnancy but few studies have assessed the association of between visceral adiposity (VAT) depth in early to mild pregnancy and insulin resistance (IR), dysglycemia and dyslipidemia in later pregnancy. Objective To assess the association between VAT depth in early to mid pregnancy and IR [homeostatic model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR)], dysglycemia and dyslipidemia in later pregnancy. Methods We completed a prospective cohort study of 344 pregnant women at a single large hospital in Recife, Brazil...
August 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Alper Celik, John B Dixon, Sjaak Pouwels, Bahri Onur Celik, Fatih Can Karaca, Adarsh Gupta, Sergio Santoro, Surendra Ugale
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are increasing worldwide, reaching pandemic proportions. The understanding of the role of functional restriction and gut hormones can be a beneficial tool in treating obesity and diabetes. However, the exact hormonal profiles in different metabolic states and surgical models are not known. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The HIPER-1 Study is a single-centre cross-sectional study in which 240 patients (in different metabolic states and surgical models) will receive an oral mixed-meal tolerance test (OMTT)...
2016: BMJ Open
Zahid Asghar, Viet-Hai Phung, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated the quality of pre-hospital care by ethnicity. We aimed to investigate ethnic differences in pre-hospital ambulance care of patients with suspected cardiac pain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of retrospective electronic clinical data for patients with suspected cardiac pain over one year (August 2011 to July 2012) extracted from a single regional ambulance service. This included patient demographic data, clinical measurements, drugs administered and outcomes, such as transportation to hospital or referral to primary care...
October 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Giampaolo Greco, Bart S Ferket, David A D'Alessandro, Wei Shi, Keith A Horvath, Alexander Rosen, Stacey Welsh, Emilia Bagiella, Alexis E Neill, Deborah L Williams, Ann Greenberg, Jeffrey N Browndyke, A Marc Gillinov, Mary Lou Mayer, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Lopa S Gupta, Samuel F Hohmann, Annetine C Gelijns, Patrick T O'Gara, Alan J Moskowitz
OBJECTIVE: The management of postoperative hyperglycemia is controversial and generally does not take into account pre-existing diabetes. We analyzed clinical and economic outcomes associated with postoperative hyperglycemia in cardiac surgery patients, stratifying by diabetes status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Multicenter cohort study in 4,316 cardiac surgery patients operated on in 2010. Glucose was measured at 6-h intervals for 48 h postoperatively. Outcomes included cost, hospital length of stay (LOS), cardiac and respiratory complications, major infections, and death...
March 2016: Diabetes Care
C Iavazzo, M McComiskey, M Datta, M Ryan, J Kiernan, B Winter-Roach, R Slade, M Smith
BACKGROUND: HBA1c is used as an indicator for the long-term control of the glycaemic state and outcome predictors in diabetic patients. Diabetic patients have an increased risk of post-operative complications especially those related to infection. The aim of our study is to ascertain the relationship between HBA1c levels and post-operative recovery within the subspecialty of gynaecological oncology. METHOD: Prospective cohort study during the period 1 August 2012 through 31 August 2014...
July 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
S Moradi, A Keshavarzi, S-M Tabatabaee
OBJECTIVE: Stress hyperglycemia is a transient increase in blood glucose during an acute physiological stress in the absence of diabetes. Stress hyperglycemia can be occurred in certain clinical conditions such as trauma, burns, sepsis and strokes in adults. In this study we aimed to evaluate the incidence of stress hyperglycemia among patients admitted to the Firouzgar hospital. METHOD: In this analytical cross sectional study, all patients who referred to emergency department of Firouzgar hospital due to one of the causes of trauma, myocardial infarction (MI), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), head trauma, sepsis, CVA, and abdominal surgery and had stress hyperglycemia during 2012-2014 were evaluated...
November 2015: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
R Charach, T Wolak, I Shoham-Vardi, R Sergienko, E Sheiner
AIM: o examine the association between glucose level during pregnancy and the subsequent development of long-term maternal atherosclerotic morbidity. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted. The study included all women who had at least one glucose measurement during their pregnancies. Cases were all women who delivered between the years 2000-2012 and subsequently developed atherosclerotic morbidity (n = 815). Controls were randomly matched by age and year of delivery (n = 6065)...
July 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Karolina Leopold, Andreas Reif, Sarah Haack, Michael Bauer, Daniel Bury, Antje Löffler, Sarah Kittel-Schneider, Steffi Pfeiffer, Cathrin Sauer, Peter Schwarz, Andrea Pfennig
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the glucose metabolism cause nervous and organic damage and are a cardiovascular risk factor. They could be a main cause for the increased morbidity and mortality rates found in patients with bipolar disorders. The exact prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetic abnormalities, however, is not clear. METHODS: 85 euthymic outpatients with bipolar disorders from two university hospitals in Germany underwent an oral glucose tolerance test, laboratory screening and clinical measurements...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"