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(Knee osteoarthritis) AND (physical activity)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763325/could-activity-modifications-indicate-physical-decline-among-adults-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Augustine C Lee, Rina M Bloch, William F Harvey, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVES: Mobility activity modifications indicate early functional losses that act as precursors to future declines among community-dwelling older adults. However, there is scarce evidence on whether activity modifications indicate poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic osteoarthritis, a major cause of disability. Our purpose was to investigate whether patient-reported mobility activity modifications indicated poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760608/effects-of-an-over-ground-exoskeleton-on-external-knee-moments-during-stance-phase-of-gait-in-healthy-adults
#2
Chris A McGibbon, Scott C E Brandon, Marcus Brookshaw, Andrew Sexton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise is central to conservative management of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but is often difficult for patients with KOA to maintain over the decade or more prior to surgical management. Better approaches are needed for maintaining physical function and health in this population that can also address the patho-biomechanics of the osteoarthritic knee. The objective of the study is to quantify how a lower-extremity robotic exoskeleton (dermoskeleton) modifies the external knee moments during over-ground walking in a sample of healthy adults, and to evaluate these biomechanical modifications in the context of the osteoarthritic knee...
July 28, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757341/motivators-for-and-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-qualitative-study
#3
Chloé Gay, Bénédicte Eschalier, Christine Levyckyj, Armand Bonnin, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the motivators for and barriers to regular physical activity in people with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional, monocentric qualitative study based on 20 semi-structured individual interviews and two focus groups. People with knee osteoarthritis according to American College of Rheumatology criteria were recruited from spa therapy resorts (Royat, France). Data were collected by interviews, which were then transcribed and coded...
July 27, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732147/financial-incentives-and-health-coaching-to-improve-physical-activity-following-total-knee-replacement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Elena Losina, Jamie E Collins, Bhushan R Deshpande, Savannah R Smith, Griffin L Michl, Ilana M Usiskin, Kristina M Klara, Amelia R Winter, Heidi Y Yang, Faith Selzer, Jeffrey N Katz
OBJECTIVE: Most persons who undergo total knee replacement (TKR) do not increase their physical activity following surgery. We assessed whether financial incentives and health coaching would improve physical activity in persons undergoing TKR. METHODS: We designed a factorial randomized controlled trial among persons undergoing TKR for osteoarthritis. Subjects underwent normal perioperative procedures, including post-operative physical therapy, and were assigned to one of four arms: attention control, telephonic health coaching (THC), financial incentives (FI), or THC+FI...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723717/localized-muscle-vibration-reverses-quadriceps-muscle-hypotrophy-and-improves-physical-function-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#5
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Gennaro Boccia, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Elena Magnani, Elisabetta Mariani, Alberto Rainoldi, Roberto Casale
Quadriceps weakness has been associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-frequency localized muscle vibration (LMV) has been proposed recently for quadriceps strengthening in patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the clinical effectiveness of high-frequency LMV on quadriceps muscle in patients with knee OA and (b) to disentangle, by means of surface electromyography (sEMG), the underlying mechanism. Thirty patients, aged between 40 and 65 years, and clinically diagnosed with knee OA were included in this randomized, controlled, single-blinded pilot study...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699499/effectiveness-of-argan-oil-on-knee-osteoarthritis-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Jamila Essouiri, Taoufik Harzy, Nadia Benaicha, Mourad Errasfa, Fatima Ezzahra Abourazzak
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disorder. It causes joints pain, walking difficulties and a decline of general physical function. Many pain drugs and treatment modalities can be prescribed for KOA. Among traditional medicine in Morocco, Argan oil has been used in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis to reduce pain and improve physical activity, though there have been no medical-based evidence for such treatment. Argan oil is known to have anti-oxidant and lipid modulatory properties due to its content of many substances, such as tocopherols, phytosterols, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids...
July 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679400/the-effectiveness-of-the-use-of-a-digital-activity-coaching-system-in-addition-to-a-two-week-home-based-exercise-program-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Karen E M Harmelink, A V C M Zeegers, Thijs M Tönis, Wim Hullegie, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, J Bart Staal
BACKGROUND: There is consistent evidence that supervised programs are not superior to home-based programs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), especially in patients without complications. Home-based exercise programs are effective, but we hypothesize that their effectiveness can be improved by increasing the adherence to physical therapy advice to reach an adequate exercise level during the program and thereafter. Our hypothesis is that an activity coaching system (accelerometer-based activity sensor), alongside a home-based exercise program, will increase adherence to exercises and the activity level, thereby improving physical functioning and recovery...
July 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674135/mechanism-evaluation-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-who-are-overweight-or-obese-protocol-for-a-causal-mediation-analysis
#8
Hopin Lee, John Wiggers, Steven J Kamper, Amanda Williams, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Elizabeth Campbell, Robin Haskins, Emma K Robson, James H McAuley, Christopher M Williams
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are highly prevalent and disabling conditions that cause societal and economic impact worldwide. Two randomised controlled trials (RCTs) will evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention for patients with LBP and knee OA who are overweight or obese. The key targets of this intervention are to improve physical activity, modify diet and correct pain beliefs. These factors may explain how a lifestyle intervention exerts its effects on key patient-relevant outcomes: pain, disability and quality of life...
July 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667221/effectiveness-of-behavioural-change-techniques-in-physiotherapy-interventions-to-promote-physical-activity-adherence-in-patients-with-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Matthew Willett, Joan Duda, Charlotte Gautrey, Sally Fenton, Carolyn Greig, Alison Rushton
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative articular disease, the highest cause of individual level disability and a significant socioeconomic burden to healthcare services. Patient education and physical activity (PA) prescription are recommended components of interventions in several healthcare guidelines and are commonly provided by physiotherapists. However, these interventions lack long-term clinical effectiveness. Patient adherence to PA prescription requires patients to modify their PA behaviour and appears critical in maintaining symptomatic improvements...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664420/treatment-beliefs-underlying-intended-treatment-choices-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#10
Ellen M H Selten, Rinie Geenen, Henk J Schers, Frank H J van den Hoogen, Roelien G van der Meulen-Dilling, Willemijn H van der Laan, Marc W Nijhof, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Johanna E Vriezekolk
PURPOSE: Patients' beliefs about treatment modalities for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) will underlie their treatment choices. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, it is hypothesized that patients' beliefs, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control guide their treatment choices. Also, symptom severity and one's inherent tendency to approach or avoid situations are assumed to play a role. The objective of this study was to test whether these variables were associated with intended treatment choices in knee and hip OA...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658860/muscle-activation-profiles-and-co-activation-of-quadriceps-and-hamstring-muscles-around-knee-joint-in-indian-primary-osteoarthritis-knee-patients
#11
Sanjeev Kumar Sharma, Shiv Lal Yadav, U Singh, Sanjay Wadhwa
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) of knee is a common joint disease. It is associated with reduced knee joint stability due to impaired quadriceps strength, pain, and an altered joint structure. There is altered muscle activation in knee OA patients, which interferes with normal load distribution around the knee and facilitates disease progression. AIM: Our primary aim was to determine activation patterns of the muscles i.e., quadriceps and hamstrings in knee OA patients during walking...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653869/an-8-week-neuromuscular-exercise-program-for-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-knee-osteoarthritis-a-case-series-drawn-from-a-registered-clinical-trial
#12
Brian Clausen, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Ewa M Roos
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the feasibility of a neuromuscular exercise (NEMEX) program in patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (KOA). BACKGROUND:   Neuromuscular exercise has been increasingly used in patients with osteoarthritis to achieve sensorimotor control and improved daily function. TREATMENT:   A study of the first 23 physically active patients (11 men, 12 women; age range = 48-70 years) who had mild to moderate KOA and were undergoing an 8-week, twice-weekly program, consisting of 11 exercises with 3 to 4 levels of difficulty, as part of an ongoing randomized controlled trial...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653771/resource-intensification-and-osteoarthritis-patterns-changes-in-activity-in-the-prehistoric-sacramento-san-joaquin-delta-region
#13
Colleen M Cheverko, Eric J Bartelink
OBJECTIVES: Ethnohistoric accounts and archaeological research from Central California document a shift from the use of lower-cost, high-ranked resources (e.g., large game) toward the greater use of higher-cost, low-ranked resources (e.g., acorns and small seeds) during the Late Holocene (4500-200 BP). The subsistence transition from higher consumption of large game toward an increased reliance on acorns was likely associated with increases in levels of logistical mobility and physical activity...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652228/a-community-based-physical-activity-counselling-program-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-track-oa-study
#14
Linda C Li, Eric C Sayre, Hui Xie, Cam Clayton, Lynne M Feehan
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can improve health outcomes in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA); however, participation in physical activity is very low in this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the use of wearables (Fitbit Flex) and telephone counselling by a physical therapist (PT) for improving physical activity in people with a physician-confirmed diagnosis of knee OA, or who have passed 2 validated criteria for early OA...
June 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642646/intensity-duration-and-type-of-physical-activity-required-to-improve-function-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Ricardo Akihiro Kirihara, Fellipe Bravim Catelan, Fabiane Elize Sabino DE Farias, Cleidnéia Aparecida Clemente DA Silva, Claudia Helena DE Azevedo Cernigoy, Márcia Uchoa DE Rezende
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of physical activity intensity, type and duration in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) . METHODS: A retrospective study of 195 KOA patients who were followed for two years after receiving educational material about KOA with or without attending classes. The patients were evaluated at baseline and 24 months. At the evaluations, the patients answered questionnaires pertaining to pain and function (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS and SF-36); reported the intensity, duration and type of exercise performed per week; and performed the Timed Up & Go (TUG) and Five Times Sit-to-Stand (FTSST) tests ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642645/parqve-project-arthritis-recovering-quality-of-life-through-education-two-year-results
#16
Márcia Uchoa DE Rezende, Renato Frucchi, Alexandre Felício Pailo, Gustavo Constantino DE Campos, Thiago Pasqualin, Marcelo Issao Hissadomi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multi-professional educational program in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) . METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled trial with 195 KOA patients. One group was submitted to two-day lectures and received educational material about KOA (Class group), and the control group received the educational material only. Patients were evaluated at baseline, twelve and 24 months. At evaluation, patients answered pain and functional questionnaires (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS and SF-36); reported the intensity of exercise per week; measured the body fat percentage, weight and height to estimate body mass index (BMI); and performed Timed Up & Go (TUG) and Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand (FTSST) tests ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608254/determinants-of-physical-functioning-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
Hakan Nur, Bilge Saruhan Sertkaya, Tiraje Tuncer
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an important health problem with its high prevalence and association with pain and functional disability in physical tasks and activities especially in women. AIMS: To explore the impacts of widely seen demographic, pathological, psychological, and impairment factors on physical functioning in women with knee OA using the performance-based and self-reported measures. METHODS: One hundred and ten women with knee OA participated in this study...
June 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600365/effect-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-restriction-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-the-musculoskeletal-function-of-overweight-and-obese-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-mixed-method-data-synthesis
#18
Asma S Alrushud, Alison B Rushton, Archontissa M Kanavaki, Carolyn A Greig
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical recommendation of exercise and diet for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), there are no systematic reviews synthesising the effectiveness of combining physical activity and dietary restriction interventions on the musculoskeletal function of overweight and obese older adults with knee OA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of combined physical activity and dietary restriction programmes on body weight, body mass index (BMI) and the musculoskeletal function of overweight and obese older adults with knee OA...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597696/-not-always-a-straight-path-patients-perspectives-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-and-reconstruction
#19
Sarah M Scott, Meredith A Perry, Gisela Sole
PURPOSE: To explore patients' perspectives following anterior cruciate ligament rupture and subsequent reconstructive surgery. METHODS: A qualitative study design was employed, using validated questionnaires, interviews and general inductive methodology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five men and four women who had undergone an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the past 6-36 months. Participants completed the Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and the Tegner Activity Score...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591928/-does-sports-activity-influence-total-knee-arthroplasty-durability-analysis-with-a-follow-up-of-12-years
#20
Christina Valle, Michael Sperr, Christina Lemhöfer, Karla Elida Bartel, Marcus Schmitt-Sody
Background Total knee replacement is the only surgical option to treat painful degenerative osteoarthritis, restore knee function, improve quality of life, and enable patients to return to sports activity. With an aging population expecting an active life after retirement, patients' expectations of improvement after surgery are increasing as well. In view of the growing demand for higher performance, exercise and athletic activity, clinicians have been increasingly forced to question how much athletic activity a patient may resume after total knee replacement, and what types of athletic activity seem to be acceptable...
June 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
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