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(Knee osteoarthritis) AND (physical activity)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918168/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-frailty-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#1
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Renè Rizzoli, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a paucity of data investigating the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and frailty, with no data among North American people. We aimed to investigate if adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of frailty in a large cohort of North American people. METHODS: This study included subjects at higher risk or having knee osteoarthritis. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED) as proposed by Panagiotakos and classified into five categories...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917522/does-physical-activity-change-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-matched-case-control-study-evaluating-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#2
T O Smith, M Mansfield, J Dainty, G Hilton, C J V Mann, C M Sackley
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether physical activity measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), changes during the initial 24 months post-total hip (THR) or knee replacement (TKR), and how this compares to a matched non-arthroplasty cohort. DESIGN: Case-controlled study analysis of a prospectively collected dataset. SETTING: USA community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 116 people post-THR, 105 people post-TKR compared to 663 people who had not undergone THR or TKR, or had hip or knee osteoarthritis...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911242/european-validation-of-the-comprehensive-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-core-set-for-osteoarthritis-from-the-perspective-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-or-hip
#3
Martin Weigl, Heike Wild
PURPOSE: To validate the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Comprehensive Core Set for Osteoarthritis from the patient perspective in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study involved 375 patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Trained health professionals completed the Comprehensive Core Set, and patients completed the Short-Form 36 questionnaire. Content validity was evaluated by calculating prevalences of impairments in body function and structures, limitations in activities and participation and environmental factors, which were either barriers or facilitators...
September 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892648/long-term-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-either-synthetics-with-remnant-preservation-or-hamstring-autografts-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Tianwu Chen, Peng Zhang, Jiwu Chen, Yinghui Hua, Shiyi Chen
BACKGROUND: The optimal graft choice of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains controversial. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes, especially the long-term cumulative failure rate, of ACL reconstruction using either synthetics with remnant preservation or hamstring autografts (4-strand semitendinosus and gracilis tendons). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A total of 133 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction (synthetics: n = 43; hamstring autografts: n = 90) between July 2004 and December 2007 were included...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884273/validation-of-the-chinese-mandarin-version-of-the-oxford-knee-score-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Kai Lin, Liangxiao Bao, Jian Wang, Kimie Fujita, Kiyoko Makimoto, Xiaoyan Liao
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing TKAs in China, there is a clear need for a valid, short, joint-specific patient-reported outcome measure such as the Oxford Knee Score (OKS). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To test the translated and cross-culturally adapted Chinese (Mandarin) version of the Oxford Knee Score (OKS-CV) and its (1) reliability, (2) construct validity, (3) dimensionality, and (4) responsiveness. METHODS: Three native Chinese bilingual translators (a professional English translator, an experienced orthopaedic surgeon, an advanced-practice nursing specialist) translated the English-language OKS into Mandarin Chinese...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869091/potential-functional-benefit-from-light-intensity-physical-activity-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Daniel K White, Jungwha Lee, Jing Song, Rowland W Chang, Dorothy Dunlop
INTRODUCTION: Knee pain may preclude participation in higher intensity physical activity in people with knee osteoarthritis and benefits of light activity are unclear. The effect of replacing sedentary time with light intensity activity on incident functional limitation 2 years later was investigated. METHODS: Included were people with or at high risk of knee osteoarthritis without baseline functional limitation using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative collected between August 2008 and July 2010...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860396/early-patient-reported-outcomes-versus-objective-function-after-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
I E Luna, H Kehlet, B Peterson, H R Wede, S J Hoevsgaard, E K Aasvang
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess early physical function after total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA), and the correlation between patient-reported outcome measures, physical performance and actual physical activity (measured by actigraphy). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 80 patients aged 55 to 80 years undergoing THA or TKA for osteoarthritis were included in this prospective cohort study. The main outcome measure was change in patient reported hip or knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS/KOOS) from pre-operatively until post-operative day 13 (THA) or 20 (TKA)...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860395/no-difference-in-time-dependent-improvement-in-functional-outcome-following-closing-wedge-versus-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-two-year-follow-up
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
T K Nerhus, A Ekeland, G Solberg, B H Olsen, J E Madsen, S Heir
AIMS: The aim of this prospective randomised study was to compare the time course of clinical improvement during the first two years following a closing or opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). It was hypothesised that there would be no differences in clinical outcome between the two techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2013, 70 consecutive patients were randomly allocated to undergo either a closing or opening wedge HTO. All patients had medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA), and were aged between 30 years and 60 years...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816770/prevalence-of-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-and-rheumatic-diseases-in-a-population-from-cuenca-ecuador
#9
Sergio Vicente Guevara-Pacheco, Astrid Feican-Alvarado, Jorge Delgado-Pauta, Angelita Lliguisaca-Segarra, Ingris Pelaez-Ballestas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of disability in patients with musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases in Cuenca, Ecuador. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analytical study with randomized sampling in 4877 subjects, from urban and rural areas. COPCORD (Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases)-validated questionnaire was administered house-to-house to identify subjects with nontraumatic musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815146/quantifying-the-relative-change-in-physical-activity-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-accelerometer-based-measurements
#10
Vibhu Agarwal, Mathew Smuck, Nigam H Shah
Osteoarthritis is amongst the top five most disabling conditions affecting Americans over 65 years of age and imposes an annual economic burden estimated at $ 89.1 billion. Nearly half of the cost of care of Osteoarthritis is attributable to hospitalizations for total knee arthroplasties (TKA) and total hip arthroplasties (THA). The current clinical practice relies predominantly on subjective assessment of physical function and pain via patient reported outcome measures (PROM) that have proven inadequate for providing a validated, reliable and responsive measure of TKA outcomes...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763325/could-activity-modifications-indicate-physical-decline-among-adults-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#11
Augustine C Lee, Rina M Bloch, William F Harvey, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVES: Mobility activity modifications indicate early functional losses that act as precursors to future declines among community-dwelling older adults. However, there is scarce evidence on whether activity modifications indicate poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic osteoarthritis, a major cause of disability. Our purpose was to investigate whether patient-reported mobility activity modifications indicated poorer physical health among adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760608/effects-of-an-over-ground-exoskeleton-on-external-knee-moments-during-stance-phase-of-gait-in-healthy-adults
#12
Chris A McGibbon, Scott C E Brandon, Marcus Brookshaw, Andrew Sexton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise is central to conservative management of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but is often difficult for patients with KOA to maintain over the decade or more prior to surgical management. Better approaches are needed for maintaining physical function and health in this population that can also address the patho-biomechanics of the osteoarthritic knee. The objective of the study is to quantify how a lower-extremity robotic exoskeleton (dermoskeleton) modifies the external knee moments during over-ground walking in a sample of healthy adults, and to evaluate these biomechanical modifications in the context of the osteoarthritic knee...
July 28, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757341/motivators-for-and-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-qualitative-study
#13
Chloé Gay, Bénédicte Eschalier, Christine Levyckyj, Armand Bonnin, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the motivators for and barriers to regular physical activity in people with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional, monocentric qualitative study based on 20 semi-structured individual interviews and two focus groups. People with knee osteoarthritis according to American College of Rheumatology criteria were recruited from spa therapy resorts (Royat, France). Data were collected by interviews, which were then transcribed and coded...
July 27, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732147/financial-incentives-and-health-coaching-to-improve-physical-activity-following-total-knee-replacement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Elena Losina, Jamie E Collins, Bhushan R Deshpande, Savannah R Smith, Griffin L Michl, Ilana M Usiskin, Kristina M Klara, Amelia R Winter, Heidi Y Yang, Faith Selzer, Jeffrey N Katz
OBJECTIVE: Most persons who undergo total knee replacement (TKR) do not increase their physical activity following surgery. We assessed whether financial incentives and health coaching would improve physical activity in persons undergoing TKR. METHODS: We designed a factorial randomized controlled trial among persons undergoing TKR for osteoarthritis. Subjects underwent normal perioperative procedures, including post-operative physical therapy, and were assigned to one of four arms: attention control, telephonic health coaching (THC), financial incentives (FI), or THC+FI...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723717/localized-muscle-vibration-reverses-quadriceps-muscle-hypotrophy-and-improves-physical-function-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#15
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Gennaro Boccia, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Elena Magnani, Elisabetta Mariani, Alberto Rainoldi, Roberto Casale
Quadriceps weakness has been associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-frequency localized muscle vibration (LMV) has been proposed recently for quadriceps strengthening in patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the clinical effectiveness of high-frequency LMV on quadriceps muscle in patients with knee OA and (b) to disentangle, by means of surface electromyography (sEMG), the underlying mechanism. Thirty patients, aged between 40 and 65 years, and clinically diagnosed with knee OA were included in this randomized, controlled, single-blinded pilot study...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699499/effectiveness-of-argan-oil-on-knee-osteoarthritis-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Jamila Essouiri, Taoufik Harzy, Nadia Benaicha, Mourad Errasfa, Fatima Ezzahra Abourazzak
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disorder. It causes joints pain, walking difficulties and a decline of general physical function. Many pain drugs and treatment modalities can be prescribed for KOA. Among traditional medicine in Morocco, Argan oil has been used in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis to reduce pain and improve physical activity, though there have been no medical-based evidence for such treatment. Argan oil is known to have anti-oxidant and lipid modulatory properties due to its content of many substances, such as tocopherols, phytosterols, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids...
July 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679400/the-effectiveness-of-the-use-of-a-digital-activity-coaching-system-in-addition-to-a-two-week-home-based-exercise-program-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Karen E M Harmelink, A V C M Zeegers, Thijs M Tönis, Wim Hullegie, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, J Bart Staal
BACKGROUND: There is consistent evidence that supervised programs are not superior to home-based programs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), especially in patients without complications. Home-based exercise programs are effective, but we hypothesize that their effectiveness can be improved by increasing the adherence to physical therapy advice to reach an adequate exercise level during the program and thereafter. Our hypothesis is that an activity coaching system (accelerometer-based activity sensor), alongside a home-based exercise program, will increase adherence to exercises and the activity level, thereby improving physical functioning and recovery...
July 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674135/mechanism-evaluation-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-who-are-overweight-or-obese-protocol-for-a-causal-mediation-analysis
#18
Hopin Lee, John Wiggers, Steven J Kamper, Amanda Williams, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Elizabeth Campbell, Robin Haskins, Emma K Robson, James H McAuley, Christopher M Williams
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are highly prevalent and disabling conditions that cause societal and economic impact worldwide. Two randomised controlled trials (RCTs) will evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention for patients with LBP and knee OA who are overweight or obese. The key targets of this intervention are to improve physical activity, modify diet and correct pain beliefs. These factors may explain how a lifestyle intervention exerts its effects on key patient-relevant outcomes: pain, disability and quality of life...
July 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667221/effectiveness-of-behavioural-change-techniques-in-physiotherapy-interventions-to-promote-physical-activity-adherence-in-patients-with-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Matthew Willett, Joan Duda, Charlotte Gautrey, Sally Fenton, Carolyn Greig, Alison Rushton
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative articular disease, the highest cause of individual level disability and a significant socioeconomic burden to healthcare services. Patient education and physical activity (PA) prescription are recommended components of interventions in several healthcare guidelines and are commonly provided by physiotherapists. However, these interventions lack long-term clinical effectiveness. Patient adherence to PA prescription requires patients to modify their PA behaviour and appears critical in maintaining symptomatic improvements...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664420/treatment-beliefs-underlying-intended-treatment-choices-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#20
Ellen M H Selten, Rinie Geenen, Henk J Schers, Frank H J van den Hoogen, Roelien G van der Meulen-Dilling, Willemijn H van der Laan, Marc W Nijhof, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Johanna E Vriezekolk
PURPOSE: Patients' beliefs about treatment modalities for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) will underlie their treatment choices. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, it is hypothesized that patients' beliefs, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control guide their treatment choices. Also, symptom severity and one's inherent tendency to approach or avoid situations are assumed to play a role. The objective of this study was to test whether these variables were associated with intended treatment choices in knee and hip OA...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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