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Colorectal liver secondaries

Andor F van den Hoven, Jip F Prince, Rutger C G Bruijnen, Helena M Verkooijen, Gerard C Krijger, Marnix G E H Lam, Maurice A A J van den Bosch
BACKGROUND: An anti-reflux catheter (ARC) may increase the tumor absorbed dose during radioembolization (RE) by elimination of particle reflux and its effects on hemodynamics. Since the catheter is fixed in a centro-luminal position, it may also increase the predictive accuracy of a scout dose administration before treatment. The purpose of the SIM trial is to compare the effects of ARC use during RE with holmium-166 ((166)Ho) microspheres in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), with the use of a standard end-hole microcatheter...
October 25, 2016: Trials
Aki Takiyama, Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Hirotoshi Takiyama, Koji Murono, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Secondary metastasis to regional lymph nodes for adjacent bowel invaded by colorectal cancers (CRCs) has not been extensively reviewed. We herein present three such cases. CASE PRESENTATION: The first case is a cancer involving the cecum and sigmoid colon, and its primary site could not be determined even by pathological evaluation. Nodal involvement was revealed both in the mesocolon of the cecum and sigmoid. The second and third cases are a sigmoid colon cancer invading the jejunum and an ascending colon cancer invading the jejunum, respectively...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Yasunori Minami, Tomohiro Minami, Hirokazu Chishina, Masashi Kono, Tadaaki Arizumi, Masahiro Takita, Norihisa Yada, Satoru Hagiwara, Hiroshi Ida, Kazuomi Ueshima, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
OBJECTIVE: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) induces gas bubbles in ablation zones, and the ablative margin cannot be evaluated accurately on ultrasound (US) during and immediately after RFA. This study assessed the usefulness of US-US fusion imaging to visualize the ablative margin of RFA for liver metastasis. METHODS: RFA guided by US-US fusion imaging was performed on 12 targeted tumors in 10 patients. Secondary hepatic malignancies included patients with colorectal cancer (n = 4), breast cancer (n = 2), lung cancer (n = 1), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (n = 1), pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (n = 1), and adrenocortical carcinoma (n = 1)...
2016: Digestive Diseases
Isla S Mackenzie, Steven V Morant, Li Wei, Alastair M Thompson, Thomas M MacDonald
AIMS: Spironolactone is widely used to treat heart failure, hypertension and liver disease with increased usage in recent years. Spironolactone has endocrine effects that could influence cancer risks and historical reports suggest possible links with increased risk of certain types of cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of spironolactone exposure on cancer incidence. METHODS: A pharmacoepidemiological propensity score-matched cohort study was performed to assess the effect of spironolactone exposure on cancer incidence...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Benjamin Sueur, Olivier Pellerin, Thibault Voron, Anne L Pointet, Julien Taieb, Simon Pernot
The objective of the treatment of colorectal cancer patients with unresectable liver metastases should be clearly defined at the outset. Potentially resectable patients should be distinguished from clearly unresectable patients. In defining resectability, it is important to take into account both anatomic characteristics and patient characteristic (comorbidities, symptoms, age). According to this evaluation, treatment should be tailored to each patient. The most widely accepted standard is doublet cytotoxic regimen plus biotherapy (anti-EGFR or anti- VEGF antibodies according to RAS status, but some patients could benefit from an intensified regimen, as triplet chemotherapy +/- bevacizumab, or intraarterial treatments (hepatic arterial infusion, radioembolization or chemoembolization), in order to allow resectability...
October 12, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
Emily-Ruth Marriott, Guy van Hazel, Peter Gibbs, Anthony J Hatswell
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to perform a mapping of the EORTC-QLQ-C30 scores to EQ-5D-3L for the SIRFLOX study; a large dataset of patients with previously untreated liver-only or liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). A secondary aim was to compare the predictive validity of existing mappings from EORTC-QLQ-C30 to EQ-5D-3L conducted in other cancers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Questionnaires (completed within 529 patients) were used in a linear mixed regression to model EQ-5D-3L utility values (scored using the UK tariff) as a function of the five function scores, nine symptom scores, and the global score from the EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Jose Hugo M Luz, Paula M Luz, Edson Marchiori, Leonardo A Rodrigues, Hugo R Gouveia, Henrique S Martin, Igor M Faria, Roberto R Souza, Roberto de Almeida Gil, Alexandre de M Palladino, Karina B Pimenta, Henrique S de Souza
Systemic chemotherapy treatments, commonly those that comprise oxaliplatin, have been linked to the appearance of distinctive liver lesions that evolves to portal hypertension, spleen enlargement, platelets sequestration, and thrombocytopenia. This outcome can interrupt treatment or force dosage reduction, decreasing efficiency of cancer therapy. We conducted a prospective phase II study for the evaluation of partial splenic embolization in patients with thrombocytopenia that impeded systemic chemotherapy continuation...
September 9, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Akio Saiura, Tadatoshi Takayama, Shinichi Miyagawa, Junji Yamamoto, Masayoshi Ijichi, Masanori Teruya, Fuyo Yoshimi, Seiji Kawasaki, Hiroto Koyama, Masaru Oba, Michiro Takahashi, Nobuyuki Mizunuma, Yutaka Matsuyama, Toshiaki Watanabe, Masatoshi Makuuchi, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: The high recurrence rate after surgery for colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CLM) remains a crucial problem. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant therapy with uracil-tegafur and leucovorin (UFT/LV). METHODS: In the multicenter, open-label, phase III trial, patients undergoing curative resection of CLM were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either the UFT/LV group or surgery alone group. The UFT/LV group orally received 5 cycles of adjuvant UFT/LV (UFT 300mg/m2 and LV 75mg/day for 28 days followed by a 7-day rest per cycle)...
2016: PloS One
Julie Hallet, Antonio Sa Cunha, Rene Adam, Diane Goéré, Daniel Azoulay, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Fabrice Muscari, Christophe Laurent, Francis Navarro, Patrick Pessaux
BACKGROUND: Recurrence remains frequent after curative-intent hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). We sought to define short- and long-term outcomes, and identify prehepatectomy factors associated with survival, following rehepatectomy (RH) for recurrence. METHODS: We conducted a multi-institutional cohort study of hepatectomy for CRLM over 2006-2013. Second-stage resections were excluded. Primary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) assessed using Kaplan-Meier methods...
August 29, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Andrea Cercek, Taryn M Boucher, Jill S Gluskin, Ariel Aguiló, Joanne F Chou, Louise C Connell, Marinela Capanu, Diane Reidy-Lagunes, Michael D'Angelica, Nancy E Kemeny
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) liver metastases (LM) refractory to oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and fluorouracil-based treatments. METHODS: A search identified patients with mCRC treated after tumor progression on at least three standard systemic therapies. RESULTS: One hundred and ten patients met criteria for inclusion (i.e., progression on at least three standard agents)...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Nikolaos Andreatos, Sean Ronnekleiv-Kelly, Georgios A Margonis, Kazunari Sasaki, Faiz Gani, Neda Amini, Ana Wilson, Timothy M Pawlik
INTRODUCTION: While the role of KRAS in the molecular genetics of colorectal cancer has been studied extensively, its prognostic impact in colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) has only recently been examined. This review aimed to summarize currently reported findings on the clinical implications of KRAS mutant (mut-KRAS) status for patients with CRLM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database was searched for relevant articles published from 01/01/2010 to 02/01/2016...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
Ming-Yen Tsai, Yu-Chiang Hung, Yen-Hao Chen, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Yu-Chuen Huang, Chao-Wei Kao, Yu-Li Su, Hsien-Hsueh Elley Chiu, Kun-Ming Rau
BACKGROUND: Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) is a popular medicinal mushroom in Taiwan that has been widely used for treatment of various cancers. Few clinical studies have reported its application and efficiency in therapeutic chemotherapy strategies. We performed a double-blind, randomized clinical study to investigate whether AC given for 30 days had acceptable safety and efficacy in advanced cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients with advanced and/or metastatic adenocarcinoma, performance status (PS) 0-2, and adequate organ function who had previously been treated with standard chemotherapy were randomly assigned to receive routine chemotherapy regimens with AC (20 ml twice daily) orally for 30 days or placebo...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
R P Jones, H Z Malik, S W Fenwick, M Terlizzo, E O'Grady, S Stremitzer, T Gruenberger, M Rees, G Plant, J Figueras, M Albiol, R Adam, S Awad, G J Poston
PURPOSE: Perioperative chemotherapy confers a 3-year progression free survival advantage following resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), but is associated with significant toxicity. Chemoembolisation using drug eluting PVA microspheres loaded with irinotecan (DEBIRI) allows sustained delivery of drug directly to tumour, maximising response whilst minimising systemic exposure. This phase II single arm study examined the safety and feasibility of DEBIRI before resection of CRLM...
August 10, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
T Huber, F Bartsch, H Lang
In patients with primary or secondary malignant central liver tumours, the standard surgical procedure is extended left or right hemihepatectomy. Since extended resections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a loss of a large amount of functional liver parenchyma, central liver resection or mesohepatectomy (resection of segments 4a/4b, 5 and 8) with or without the resection of segment 1 is an alternative procedure, although technically demanding and not widely used so far. Resection margins are to the right of the falciform ligament and at the border between segments 5/6 and 7/8, which can be difficult to differentiate...
August 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Olga Golubnitschaja, Krishna Chander Sridhar
Liver cancer, one of the leading causes of all cancer related deaths, belongs to the most malignant cancer types. In fact, the secondary hepatic malignancies (liver metastases) are more common than the primary ones. Almost all solid malignancies can metastasise to the liver. It is well justified that the "treat and wait" approach in the overall management of the liver cancer is not up-to-date and so creation of complex individual patient profiles is needed. This review is specifically focused on the liver metastases originating from the colorectum, breast and prostate cancer...
August 19, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Mashaal Dhir, Mazen S Zenati, James C Padussis, Heather L Jones, Samantha Perkins, Amber K Clifford, Jennifer Steve, Melissa E Hogg, Haroon A Choudry, Matthew P Holtzman, Herbert J Zeh, James F Pingpank, David L Bartlett, Amer H Zureikat
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery infusion (HAI) chemotherapy can be combined with systemic chemotherapy for the treatment of isolated unresectable colorectal liver metastases (IU-CRLM) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (U-ICC). However, HAI pump placement requires a major laparotomy that may be associated with morbidity. We hypothesized that the computer-assisted robotic platform would be well suited for this procedure and report the first single institutional case series of robotic assisted HAI pump placement for primary and secondary malignancies of the liver...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Julie Hallet, Kaitlyn Beyfuss, Riccardo Memeo, Paul J Karanicolas, Jacques Marescaux, Patrick Pessaux
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is now established as standard of care for a variety of gastrointestinal procedures for benign and malignant indications. However, due to concerns regarding superiority to open liver resection (OLR), the uptake of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been slow. Data on long-term outcomes of LLR for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) remain limited. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of short and long-term outcomes of LLR compared to OLR for CRLM...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Axel Wein, Jürgen Siebler, Ruediger Goertz, Kerstin Wolff, Nicola Ostermeier, Dagmar Busse, Andreas E Kremer, Franz Koch, Alexander Hagel, Michael Farnbacher, Ferdinand J Kammerer, Markus F Neurath, Robert Gruetzmann
INTRODUCTION: The prognostic outcome following progression after palliative first-line treatment for patients suffering from metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma is generally poor. Long-term relapse-free survival with palliative second-line treatment may be achieved in only a limited number of individual cases. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old patient presented with bilobar liver metastases of colon cancer confirmed by histology with wild-type K-RAS (exon 2). Due to progressive disease after eight cycles of first-line therapy with FOLFIRI plus cetuximab, second-line chemotherapy with modified FOLFOX4 (mFOLFOX4) plus bevacizumab was initiated...
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Marianna Di Scala, Irene Gil-Fariña, Cristina Olagüe, Africa Vales, Luciano Sobrevals, Puri Fortes, David Corbacho, Gloria González-Aseguinolaza
: Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a cell growth-factor that regulates lymphocyte function and homeostasis. Its strong immunostimulatory activity coupled with an apparent lack of toxicity makes IL-15 an exciting candidate for cancer therapy, somehow limited by its short half-life in circulation. To increase IL-15 bioavailability we constructed a recombinant adeno-associated vector expressing murine IL-15 (AAV-mIL15) in the liver. Mice injected with AAV-mIL15 showed sustained and vector dose-dependent levels of IL-15/IL-15Rα complexes in serum, production of IFN-γ and activation of CD8+ T-cells and macrophages...
June 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Vivek Verma
Curcumin is widely reported to have remarkable medicinal - and antineoplastic - properties. This review details curcumin's relationship with radiotherapy (RT), principally as a radiosensitizer for various malignancies and a radioprotector for normal tissues. First, examples of radiosensitization are provided for various cancers: Pediatric, lymphoma, sarcoma, prostate, gynecologic, pancreas, liver, colorectal, breast, lung, head/neck, and glioma. It is not the purpose of this article to comprehensively review all radiosensitization data; however, high-quality studies are discussed in relationship to currently-controversial RT questions for many cancers, and thus the importance of developing a natural radiosensitizer...
June 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
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