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Breath holding spells

Matthias J Müller, Thomas Paul
Syncope is common in children and adolescents. Neurally mediated syncope including pallid and cyanotic breath holding spells, vagovasal syncope and neurocardiogenic syncope is based on a common pathomechanism and accounts for approximately 75% of cases. A potentially life-threatening cardiac cause of syncope may be present in up to 6%. Detailed history, physical examination and 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) allow discrimination between benign and serious syncope in the majority of pediatric patients. Tilt-testing can be useful when diagnosis is unclear...
May 14, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
M Cecilia Gonzalez Corcia, Adrien Bottosso, Isabelle Loeckx, Françoise Mascart, Guy Dembour, Geneviève François
IntroductionPallid breath-holding spells are common and dramatic forms of recurrent syncope in infancy. They are very stressful despite their harmless nature and sometimes require treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of belladonna in severe breath-holding spells. METHODS: This is a multicentric, retrospective series involving 84 children with severe pallid breath-holding spells. Inclusion criteria were >1 pallid breath-holding spell with loss of consciousness, paediatric cardiology evaluation, and follow-up >6 months...
May 11, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
H Tomoum, N Habeeb, I Elagouza, H Mobarez
AIM: This study assessed cardiac performance and iron in subjects aged 12-36 months with breath-holding spells (BHSs). METHODS: We consecutively recruited 40 subjects (55% male) experiencing BHSs from the general paediatric outpatients department at the Children's Hospital, Ain Shams University, Egypt, from 2015 to 2016. The 20 matched comparisons were mainly healthy siblings. The workup included iron levels and electrocardiograms. RESULTS: The age at the onset of BHSs was 5-24 months with a median monthly frequency of 13...
December 6, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Alvise Tosoni, Mario Cutrone, Maurizio Dalle Carbonare, Andrea Pettenazzo, Giorgio Perilongo, Stefano Sartori
BACKGROUND: Propranolol has become the first-line treatment for complicated Infantile Hemangioma (IH), showing so far a good risk-benefit profile. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a toddler, on propranolol, who suffered cardiac arrest during an acute viral infection. She had a neurally-mediated syncope that progressed to asystole, probably because of concurrent factors as dehydration, beta-blocking and probably individual susceptibility to vaso-vagal phenomena...
November 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Marco Pozzi, Sara Galbiati, Federica Locatelli, Emilio Clementi, Sandra Strazzer
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the performance of a tracheostomy decannulation protocol privileging safety over quickness, in pediatric patients undergoing rehabilitation from severe acquired brain injury. We analyzed factors associated with decannulation timing and possibility and examined cases of failure. HYPOTHESIS: A safe decannulation protocol should minimize failures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. PATIENT SELECTION: Patients aged 0-17 admitted to rehabilitation with tracheostomy in the last 15 years (n = 123)...
November 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
Mustafa Calik, Dilek Sen Dokumaci, Suna Sarikaya, Mahmut Demir, Ilhan Isik, Halil Kazanasmaz, Cemil Kaya, Hasan Kandemir
Breath-holding spells are benign, paroxysmal events with apnea and postural tone changes after a crying episode in infants. The objective of this study was to investigate the pathologies in brain metabolite values in the absence of seizure in children with breath-holding spells by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Brain MRS examination was performed on 18 children with breath-holding spells and 13 neurologically normal children who were included as the control group. There was no significant difference in terms of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), choline (Cho), creatine (Cr), and myoinositol (mI) levels and also in terms of NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, and mI/Cr ratios between the patients and the control group (all P>0...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Won Hee Seo, Minkyu Park, So-Hee Eun, Seonkyeong Rhie, Dae Jin Song, Kyu-Young Chae
BACKGROUND: Sudden breath-holding episodes during sleep in young children are potentially related to sudden infant death syndrome and other life-threatening events. Additionally, these episodes can negatively affect child's growth and development. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present 3 cases of preschool children with similar paroxysmal nocturnal waking events associated with choking that had different etiologies (nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux disease, and parasomnia, respectively)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
Jayalakshmi Bhat, Jose Martinez, Paul Maertens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Rahul Jain, Divin Omanakuttan, Amitabh Singh, Mamta Jajoo
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of iron supplementation in children with breath holding spells, irrespective of their iron status and study the factors associated with the response. METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study. Study population comprised of patients aged 6-36 months, attending a paediatric outpatient department with recurrent episodes (more than three in last 4 weeks) of breath holding spells. Children with loss of consciousness or convulsive movements associated with breath holding spells were considered as severe...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sheffali Gulati, Harsh Patel, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Rachana Dubey, N K Arora, R M Pandey, V K Paul, Konanki Ramesh, Vyshakh Anand, Ankit Meena
OBJECTIVES: There is shortage of specialists for the diagnosis of children with epilepsy, especially in resource limited settings. Existing INCLEN (International Clinical Epidemiology Network) instrument was validated for children aged 2-9 years. The current study validated modifications of the same including wider symptomatology and age group. METHODS: The Modified INCLEN tool was validated by a team of experts by modifying the existing tools (2-9 years) to widen the age range from 1 month to 18 years and include broader symptomatology in a tertiary care teaching hospital of North India between January and June 2015...
February 2017: Epilepsy Research
Shai Tejman-Yarden, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Yuval Goldshmit, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Assi Cicurel, Uriel Katz, David Mishali, Michael Glikson
BACKGROUND: Pacing can be a successful treatment for pallid breath-holding spells, primarily in individuals with severe bradycardia. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe an 18-month-old girl experiencing severe pallid breath-holding spells in whom repeated electrocardiographic, Holter, and electroencephalographic monitoring tests were all normal. RESULTS: Using a subcutaneous insertable cardiac monitor, severe bradycardia was detected during one of this girl's episodes...
November 2016: Pediatric Neurology
A V Polskaya, L S Chutko, E V Jakovenko
AIM: To study the efficacy of pantogam syrup 10% (hopantenic acid) in the treatment of breath-holding spells (BHS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty children, aged from 2 to 4 years, with BHS were studied. The evaluation of clinical manifestations and anxiety level was performed. Results of neurophysiological examination (long-term video-EEG-monitoring) were analyzed. Children were divided into 2 groups: main, in which the patients received pantogam syrup, and control group, in which only psychological methods were used...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Wenhua Zhang, Cheng Wang, Runmei Zou, Liping Liu, Lijia Wu, Xuemei Luo, Fang Li, Donglei Liao, Hong Cai
OBJECTIVE: To explore the change of the amplitude of P wave, T wave and ST segment of 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in children with breath holding spell.
 METHODS: A total of 29 children (24 males and 5 females) with breath holding spell in Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were enrolled for this study from October, 2009 to September, 2015. Their ages ranged from 3 months to 6 years, with an average of 1.82±1.27 years old. The control group consisted of 30 age-matched and gender-matched healthy children...
June 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Aleksandra Gergont
UNLABELLED: The aims of the study was to establish current knowledge regarding the involvement of autonomic nervous system (ANS) in paroxysmal disorders in children and available diagnostic tools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using key words ANS, epilepsy, syncope and breath-holding spells the search was performed in collections of Elsevier and Springer Journals, as well as MEDLINE/PubMed. RESULTS: Manifestation of ANS dysfunction may constitute the group of leading symptoms and signs of many diseases, including epilepsy with autonomic attacks and familial dysautonomia...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Abdelrahim Abdrabou Sadek, Montaser Mohamed Mohamed, El-Zahraa El-Said Ahmed Sharaf, Rofaida Mohamed Magdy, Ahmed Ahmed Allam
INTRODUCTION: Breath-holding spells (BHSs) are involuntary pauses of breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness. They usually occur in response to an upsetting or surprising situation. Breath-holding spells are usually caused by either a change in the usual breathing pattern or a slowing of the heart rate. In some children, BHSs may be related to iron deficiency anemia. The aim of the work was to study the clinical and laboratory profile of BPHs in children presented to the Neuropediatric Clinic at Sohag University Hospital...
April 2016: Electronic Physician
Nurullah Bolat, Kayi Eliacik, Enis Sargin, Ali Kanik, Figen Baydan, Berrak Sarioglu
Objective Mothers of individuals with breath-holding spells (BHS) suffer more often from anxiety and experience more stressors in their everyday life. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of psychoeducational intervention in reducing BHS and coping with these spells. Participants and Methods Mothers who have children with BHS were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: an intervention group receiving psychoeducational therapy in addition to the routine follow-up (n = 31) and a control group who did not receive psychoeducation in their routine follow-up (n = 28)...
August 2016: Neuropediatrics
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Ali Kanik, Enis Sargin, Ellen Selkie, Nurhan Korkmaz, Figen Baydan, Ebru Akar, Berrak Sarioglu
AIM: This study aimed to identify differences in the antenatal stressful life events, parenting style, family functioning, depression and anxiety of mothers who have children with breath-holding spells (BHS) compared with controls. METHODS: This case control study divided 66 children into a group of children with BHS and a control group, with the children's ages ranging between 6 months and 5 years of age. This study explored underlying anxiety and depression in mothers as well as functioning of their families...
May 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sanna Hellström Schmidt, Ulf Tedgård, Cornelis J H Pronk
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the concomitant occurrence and possible association of breath-holding spells (BHS) and transient erythroblastopenia of childhood (TEC). METHODS: This population-based cohort study, carried out in Southern Sweden from 2004 to 2014, included patients with BHS and/or anaemia, including TEC. The subjects were evaluated for the presence of all three conditions and the diagnostic workups, disease characteristics and outcome were analysed...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Amir Hosein Movahedian, Marzieh Heidarzadeh Arani, Davood Motaharizad, Gholam Abbas Mousavi, Ziba Mosayebi
OBJECTIVE: Breath holding spells (BHS) are common involuntary reflexes in infancy and early childhood. Differential diagnosis should embrace Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) and paroxysmal abnormalities of rhythm. The aim of this study was to compare QT dispersion (QTd) in children with breath holding spells and normal controls. MATERIALS & METHODS: QT dispersion and Corrected QT(QTc) dispersion were measured in 12 lead surface electrocardiograms in 56 patients with BHS and compared with healthy children of the same age referred to the clinic for regular checkup visits...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Preeti Singh, Anju Seth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Indian Pediatrics
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