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Blood gases

Mehrdad Behnia, Courtney M Wheatley, Alberto Avolio, Bruce D Johnson
BACKGROUND: During exercise as pulmonary blood flow rises, pulmonary capillary blood volume increases and gas exchange surface area expands through distention and recruitment. We have previously demonstrated that pulmonary capillary recruitment is limited in COPD patients with poorer exercise tolerance. Hypoxia and endothelial dysfunction lead to pulmonary vascular dysregulation possibly in part related to nitric oxide related pathways. PURPOSE: To determine if increasing dietary nitrate might influence lung surface area for gas exchange and subsequently impact exercise performance...
March 13, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Michael W Schleh, Charles L Dumke
INTRODUCTION: This study compared 2 commercially available beverages, an oral rehydration solution (ORS; 60.9 mM Na+ ; 3.4% carbohydrate) and a sports drink (SDS; 18.4 mM Na+; 5.9% carbohydrate), on hydration and metabolism during submaximal exercise in the heat. METHODS: Ten male subjects completed two 90-min exercise trials (39ºC, 30%) of walking at 50% VO2max followed by a 30-min rest period in the heat while wearing wildland firefighter personal protective clothing...
March 13, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Pierpaolo Baiamonte, Emilia Mazzuca, Claudia I Gruttad'Auria, Alessandra Castrogiovanni, Claudia Marino, Davide Lo Nardo, Marco Basile, Margherita Algeri, Salvatore Battaglia, Oreste Marrone, Andrea Gagliardo, Maria R Bonsignore
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-choice treatment for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing. Automatic bilevel ventilation can be used to treat obstructive sleep-disordered breathing when CPAP is ineffective, but clinical experience is still limited. To assess the outcome of titration with CPAP and automatic bilevel ventilation, the charts of 356 outpatients (obstructive sleep apnea, n = 242; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease + obstructive sleep apnea overlap, n = 80; obesity hypoventilation syndrome [OHS], n = 34; 103 females) treated for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing from January 2014 to April 2017 were reviewed...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Kyoung Ha Cha, Xuewei Wang, Mark E Meyerhoff
Over the last three decades, there has been extensive interest in developing in vivo chemical sensors that can provide real-time measurements of blood gases (oxygen, carbon dioxide, and pH), glucose/lactate, and potentially other critical care analytes in the blood of hospitalized patients. However, clot formation with intravascular sensors and foreign body response toward sensors implanted subcutaneously can cause inaccurate analytical results. Further, the risk of bacterial infection from any sensor implanted in the human body is another major concern...
December 2017: Applied Materials Today
Roberto Bini, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Giorgio Olivero, Antonella Trombetta, Paolo Cotogni
Background: Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is a major threat to patients with trauma and spontaneous bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate early effects of vasopressin on metabolic and hemodynamic parameters and endothelium permeability by measuring capillary leakage compared to those of other resuscitation strategies in a HS model. Methods: Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into five groups: S group ( n  = 5), sham-operated rats without shock or resuscitation; HS group ( n  = 10), HS and no resuscitation; RL group ( n  = 10), HS and resuscitation with Ringer's lactate (RL); RLB group ( n  = 10), HS and resuscitation with two-third shed blood plus RL; and vasopressin group ( n  = 10), HS and resuscitation with RL, followed by continuous infusion of 0...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Theodoros Aslanidis, Vasilios Grosomanidis, Konstantinos Karakoulas, Athanasios Chatzisotiriou
Electrodermal activity (EDA) is considered a measure of autonomous nervous system activity. This study performed an exploratory analysis of the EDA changes during blood pooling for arterial blood gas analysis in sedated adult critical care patients and correlated the variations to other monitored parameters. EDA, along with other parameters, were monitored during 4 h routine daytime intensive care nursing and treatment in an adult ICU. 4 h measurements were divided into two groups based upon the sedation level...
March 6, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Marta José Avena, Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira, Lucas Bassolli de Oliveira Alves, T Heather Herdman, Maria Gaby Rivero de Gutiérrez
PURPOSE: To identify the frequency of the nursing diagnoses, ineffective breathing pattern, impaired gas exchange and impaired spontaneous ventilation in newborns; and, to analyze the accuracy of diagnostic indicators identified for each of these diagnoses. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with a nonprobability sample of 92 infants. Data collected were represented by demographic and clinical variables, clinical indicators of the three respiratory nursing diagnoses from NANDA International, and were analyzed according to frequency and agreement between pairs of expert nurses (Kappa)...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
Raúl Hidalgo Carvajal, Marcelino Sánchez Casado, Javier de Miguel-Díez, Encarnación López Gabaldón
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of home non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is assessed by determining blood gas values in wakefulness, the evolution of their symptoms, and the monitoring of ventilation at night. The aim of our study is to evaluate whether defined values reached with outpatient monitoring by oximetry is related to the clinical, arterial gases and survival of a sample of patients with home NIMV. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective observational cohort study of a series of patients receiving home NIMV treatment for different causes...
February 28, 2018: Medicina Clínica
Jin Hyen Baek, Ayla Yalamanoglu, So-Eun Moon, Yamei Gao, Paul W Buehler
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) oxygen (O2 ) delivery may be impacted at the tissue, cellular, and molecular levels after storage duration, preservation strategies, and pathogen reduction. Collectively, the preclinical measurement of arterial and venous PO2 , systemic blood flow, tissue hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), pimonidazole adduction, and erythropoietin (EPO) regulation can serve to elucidate differential RBC quality after storage and processing. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Donor guinea pig blood was collected, leukoreduced, and stored at 4°C in AS-3 for 1 (fresh) or 14 (stored) days...
March 1, 2018: Transfusion
Züleyha Bingöl, Hacer Durmuş Tekce, Gülseren Sağcan, Piraye Serdaroğlu, Esen Kıyan
PURPOSE: Pulmonary function abnormalities and sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) are frequent in subjects with several neuromuscular diseases but there is no data about lipid storage diseases (LSD). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate pulmonary functions and SRBD in adults with LSD. METHODS: Pulmonary functions (forced expiratory volume (FEV1 ), forced vital capacity (FVC), supine FVC, upright-supine FVC% change, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), peak cough flow (PCF)), arterial blood gases, and polysomnographic data of all subjects were evaluated...
March 1, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
X H Gao, P J Li, W Cao
Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of central venous-arterial carbon dioxide tension to arterial-venous oxygen content ratio (Pcv-aCO(2)/Ca-cvO(2)) combined with lactate clearance rate (LCR) as early resuscitation goals of septic shock. Methods: One hundred and forty-five septic shock patients admitted to Second Department of Critical Care Medicine of Lanzhou University Second Hospital from March 2013 to May 2017 were enrolled in this study.All septic shock patients received an initial resuscitation therapy according to early goal-directed therapy...
February 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Denis E Bragin, Gloria L Statom, Edwin M Nemoto
OBJECTIVE: In previous work we showed that high intracranial pressure (ICP) in the rat brain induces a transition from capillary (CAP) to pathological microvascular shunt (MVS) flow, resulting in brain hypoxia, edema, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage. This transition was correlated with a loss of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation undetected by static autoregulatory curves but identified by induced dynamic ICP (iPRx) and cerebrovascular (iCVRx) reactivity. We hypothesized that loss of CBF autoregulation as correlated with MVS flow would be identified by iPRx and iCVRx in traumatic brain injury (TBI) with elevated ICP...
2018: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Nousheen Akhter, Nadeem Ahmed Rizvi
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of using BiPAP through endotracheal tube in comatose Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure. Methods: This is a prospective study done at Department of Chest Medicine, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, during March to June 2017. It included all comatose COPD patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure who had a poor functional status prior to the illness and who did not meet the criteria to be kept on mechanical ventilator...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Fernando J Sialana, Gabriel Schneebauer, Ana Paunkov, Bernd Pelster, Gert Lubec
The swimbladder of fish is a vital organ that with gas gland cells in the swimbladder wall enables key physiological functions including buoyancy regulation in the face of different hydrostatic pressures. Specific gas gland cells produce and secrete acidic metabolites into the blood in order to reduce the physical solubility of gases and blood gas transport capacity for regulating the volume of the swimbladder. Transcriptomic analyses have provided evidence at the RNA level but no specific studies at the protein level have been carried out so far...
February 22, 2018: Proteomics
Leidy Y Serna, Miguel A Mañanas, Alher M Hernández, Roberto A Rabinovich
Respiratory system modeling has been extensively studied in steady-state conditions to simulate sleep disorders, to predict its behavior under ventilatory diseases or stimuli and to simulate its interaction with mechanical ventilation. Nevertheless, the studies focused on the instantaneous response are limited, which restricts its application in clinical practice. The aim of this study is double: firstly, to analyze both dynamic and static responses of two known respiratory models under exercise stimuli by using an incremental exercise stimulus sequence (to analyze the model responses when step inputs are applied) and experimental data (to assess prediction capability of each model)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Genfa Wang, Nabijan Mohammadtursun, Jing Sun, Yubao Lv, Hualiang Jin, Jinpei Lin, Lingwen Kong, Zhengxiao Zhao, Hongying Zhang, Jingcheng Dong
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of mortality worldwide. The current lack of an animal model that can be established within a certain time frame and imitate the unique features of the disease is a major limiting factor in its study. The present study established and evaluated an animal model of COPD that represents the early and advanced stage features using short-, middle-, and long-term sidestream cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. One hundred and nine Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 10 groups for different periods of sidestream CS exposure or no exposure (i...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Erland Östberg, Arnar Thorisson, Mats Enlund, Henrik Zetterström, Göran Hedenstierna, Lennart Edmark
BACKGROUND: Various methods for protective ventilation are increasingly being recommended for patients undergoing general anesthesia. However, the importance of each individual component is still unclear. In particular, the perioperative use of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) remains controversial. The authors tested the hypothesis that PEEP alone would be sufficient to limit atelectasis formation during nonabdominal surgery. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled evaluator-blinded study...
February 19, 2018: Anesthesiology
Khalid F Mobaireek, Abdulrahman Alshehri, Abdulaziz Alsadoun, Abdullah Alasmari, Abdullah Alashhab, Meshal Alrumaih, Mohammad Alothman, Abdullah A Alangari
Hyperglycemia is frequently observed in adults with acute asthma. We aimed to assess the frequency of hyperglycemia and its relation to outcomes in children admitted with acute asthma. In this retrospective study, we reviewed medical records of non-diabetic 166 children (66 girls) with the mean age of 5.4 ± 2.6 years (range of 2-12 years), who were hospitalized with acute asthma between January 2012 through December 2014. Data pertaining to demographics, vital signs, oxygen saturation, serum blood glucose level, electrolytes, blood gases, and admission were collected...
February 20, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Monika Zielinska-Krawczyk, Elzbieta M Grabczak, Marcin Michnikowski, Krzysztof Zielinski, Piotr Korczynski, Anna Stecka, Tomasz Golczewski, Rafal Krenke
BACKGROUND: Although the impact of therapeutic thoracentesis on lung function and blood gases has been evaluated in several studies, some physiological aspects of pleural fluid withdrawal remain unknown. The aim of the study was to assess the changes in pleural pressure amplitude (Pplampl ) during the respiratory cycle and respiratory rate (RR) in patients undergoing pleural fluid withdrawal. METHODS: The study included 23 patients with symptomatic pleural effusion...
February 14, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Zhanqi Zhao, Wei Wang, Zuojing Zhang, Meiying Xu, Inez Frerichs, Jing-Xiang Wu, Knut Moeller
The aim of the study was to explore the feasibility of titrating tidal volume (VT) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during one-lung ventilation (OLV) based on ventilation distribution and oxygenation. Approach: Twenty four consecutive patients requiring intubation with a double-lumen tube and subsequent OLV for thoracic surgical procedures were examined prospectively in lateral posture. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT), blood gases, respiratory mechanics were successfully measured in 21 patients at various combinations of VT (4 ml/kg, 6 ml/kg, 8 ml/kg body weight) and PEEP (0 cmH2O, 4 cmH2O, 8 cmH2O) during OLV...
February 12, 2018: Physiological Measurement
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